|Řots (Řotsnan: Řosu Urapruts, pronounced /ɹots/ resp. /ɹosɵ ɵrɑprɵts/, 'The Kingdom of Řots') is a kingdom in the southern part of southern Archanta. About a century ago, the people managed to free themselves from the traditions and protocols by which the king and the nobility are still living (or rather: the people chose to ignore further continuation of these traditions and protocols and set up a more practical system of government), essentially creating two separate societies within one country: the king and the nobility uphold feudal traditions among themselves and are rarely seen in public, whereas the other people have built a modern society that could be considered a republic if the king hadn't been mentioned in the constitution.||Řots (er Řosu Urapruts) uraprusut mēk erevētē Rakandu erevēdu. Askan bērt pēp onī, popel artē letenditerura onimastīsēr ken mekrapilēr, tets nitēri urat ken vanek bervas korilten sēts (er sostere: besakēts korilusu onimastīsu ken mekrapī ken soredēts bogu urgu rēddāku vāgā popēni), ni ep sunisugu řemē ē tāp prusu āsē redēbin niduni: onimastīts parda tanteruterten uraduni ken vunguni ken sunisunit vāk guden nīn tērm, ast sunisuk modern aner otur sunisprusut, stok urat bonokatē nīn irtosuřē, řīgā sunizuni mennuni.|
|6, -52.510, 136.208|
|Kingdom of Řots|
In Separation United
Āgom U Pruts Parpāgep Uni
|• Regional languages||Irnan, Vařenan|
|• king||Verteř V Storm|
|• prime minister||Vervets Bekřa Nureet|
|• Total||160,924.15 km2|
|• Estimate (2013)||9,760,312|
|• Total||$410,34 billion|
|• Per capita||$42,042|
|Drives on the||right|
- 1 News
- 2 Geography
- 3 Etymology
- 4 History
- 5 Demography
- 6 Politics
- 7 Economy
- 8 Society
- 9 Culture
- 10 Introduction in other languages
News in Ingerish (English) about Řots can be found in the online edition of the national newspaper Nekkā Tsōřts.
Řots (area AR063) is located on the southern half of Archanta. It borders Pruts Sanuda Astarazuda Erevēt (South Astrasian Federation, AR056a), Tekruveru (Triaquia, AR048), Pīřvee Sunispruts (Gann Republic, AR051), Delta (Neo Delta, AR055), and Inretets (Inretsk, AR053). The most populous parts of the country can be found in the flat northwestern coastal areas, where the present-day capital Nekkar is located. Southwest of the Ārakkar-Kotōlets line, the terrain is less friendly, with large woods and swamps that attract mosquitos and other insects. Further to the east there is more elevation; the country's hightest point can be found in the northeast. The three large rivers Koston, Bořa and Urme make the southeastern area (Bořāzint) easily reachable from the other parts of the country.
The Sheep Theory
Linguists are not certain about the precise origin of the name Řots. There is the word rots ('scheep') that looks very similar, but although sheep are held by the country's inhabitants, Řots hasn't been especially known for them anymore than other countries with sheep. From a linguistical point of view, there is also the fact that the second stem of Řots is Řosu, whereas the second stem of rots is ru.
The Inrotsk Theory
According to some scholars, the similarity between the rets in Inretsk and Řots indicates a common origin, although the discussion about what this origin may be, isn't more substantial than wild speculation due to the absence of written sources. In Inretsk itself another theory is usually found more plausible and even in Řots, the so called Inrotsk Theory is considered controversial. Furthermore, Inretsk is called Inretets in Řotsnan, but linguist claim that Řots used to be Řotets in an earlier stage - a theory of which no proof has been found either.
(to be expanded)
The Řots calendar begins with the death of the mythical warrior Orma, on the first day of autumn, approximately 1476/1477 years BCE. The royal family and many other noble families claim to be direct descendants of Orma, although modern historians claim that Orma was in fact infertile.
There are two calendar systems. The first is the Krabos Vunguda or 'Calendar of the Nobility', which consists of seven months of 30 days and five months of 31 days. Although this calendar should start on the first day of spring (21 September on the southern hemisphere), the lack of a leap year has caused the dates to 'wander' through the year during the last centuries.
The second is the Krabos Dakarevuda (or Krabos Modern; 'Civilian Calendar' or 'Modern Calendar'), which consists of twelve months of 30 days and one leap month of 21 days every four years. The year begins on the first day of spring every four years; in the other three years it begins five, ten or fifteen days ahead of spring. This calendar was introduced in 3336 (= 1859).
The thirteen months are: 1. Karvās (Spring Month), 2. Torbēs (Green Month), 3. Varīs (Flower Month), 4. Dugerēs (Summer Month), 5. Kaltees (Sun Month), 6. Kařlās (Harvest Month), 7. Třeesip (Autumn Month), 8. Nēts (Wine Month), 9. Murda (Blood Month), 10. Silgus (Winter Month), 11. Vatus (Wood Month), 12. Irpires (The Month when the Light Comes), 13. Sākvasap (One Month More - not in the Krabos Vunguda).
On these pages, the western years are mentioned between brackets after the Řots years. Please note however that Řots years begin around 21 September of the previous year. In 3490 (= 2014), '2014' covers the period from September 2013 to September 2014.
(To complicate matters, Řots uses a duodecimal counting system. The numbers above are decimal; 3490 (= 2013/2014) would in fact be 202A; 3492 (= 2015/2016) is 2030.)
Early history and unification of Řots
Řots has been an independent unified nation for many centuries. Before that, it was divided in several smaller realms that regularly engaged in war in order to conquer neighbouring realms or to free themselves from conquering neighbours. Unification occurred when king Som Bārakos of Glep managed to annex the southern kingdom of Bořāzint in 2357 (= 880), after which Řots gained its current form for the first time (after 2357 neighbouring countries conquered parts of Řots and Řots conquered (parts of) neighbouring countries, but these border changes didn't last).
Som Bārakos became the first king of Řots, but he was murdered in 2366 already by the head of a rival noble family, Sērgomun Vere, who became the subsequent queen. She ruled for almost 40 years and became the mother of the First Dynasty of Řots, from which all following dynasties descended. She was also responsible for the Codex of Řots (Řosu Krapas), which laid down the rules and protocols according to which the leaders and the people of Řots should live. Although this Codex was successful in preventing the noble families from springing at each other's throats constantly, the country became increasingly inert and after about 500 years, the Codex had managed to eliminate almost every trace of instinct and free will from the noble families, whose daily lives were run automatically by the rules of the Codex.
Ignoring the Codex
The ordinary people were dragged along in this way of life, although most of them just followed orders and had no knowledge of the content of the Codex itself. From the 28th century on, an increasing number of ordinaries, among whom scientists, philosophers, but also local administrators from non-noble descent who did know about the existence of the Codex, started to argue that it should better be abolished, but they were all arrested and presumably killed. Philosopher Vlam Borok Vats (3249 - 3321) came however with a different approach: he just started to ignore the Codex. Since the Codex itself was not threatened by this, the nobility simply let him get away with this. The number of Vlam's followers grew steadily and within a few decades, the ordinary people had established their own form of government next to the Codex, which gained control over the country's essential elements, including the army. Vlam Borok Vats became the first prime minister in 3302. A constitution was adopted which worked its way around the Codex and which gave the king and the nobility the opportunity of an 'escape route' from the Codex by offering them participation in the new system. Although this was half-heartedly tried by two kings, their indoctrination by the Codex was too large to be able to accept this alternative way of living, so for all intents and purposes, Řots has been a de facto republic for the last 70 years.
Řots is home to more than 9 million people. Most of them speak Řotsnan as their native language, with Irnan and Vařenan being regional variants. The population is quite homogenous, as Řots is traditionally very reluctant when it comes to accepting immigrants, especially when their native language and/or religious beliefs are too different.
Seven cities in Řots have more than 100.000 inhabitants:
- Nekkar (913,430)
- Kotōlets (366,000 estim.)
- Māp (258,411)
- Ārakkar (197,332)
- Glep (119,615)
- Bořāzint (110,073)
- Ēzentep (104,498)
Main article: Politics of Řots
Řots can be considered a kingdom, although the royal family (and the rest of the nobility) generally remain hidden from public view: since the moment that the 'ordinary people', under the guidance of philosopher and later prime minister Vlam Borok Vats (3249 - 3321 = 1772 - 1844), started to ignore the protocols and traditions that had increasingly paralysed the country for almost five centuries, Řots has consisted of two societies in one country. The nobility lives in large estates and palaces, many in and around the former capital of Kotōlets, and doesn't really know what is going on in the outside world, nor do they care. In return, only small amounts of news and rumours about this upperclass reach the rest of the country; the present-day king Verteř V Storm, who ascended the throne in 3492 (= 2016), is probably between 80 and 90 years old.
The 'ordinary people' established a more modern form of government in the city of Nekkar in 3302 (= 1825), which can be considered quite democratic, although the right to vote is given only to those who pass an exam before an election - and to those who have enough money to bribe the examinators. There is a parliament, consisting of 51 members, and a government that is chaired by a prime minister. Since 3492 (= 2015), the prime minister has been Mr. Vervets Bekřa Nureet.
There are nine provinces, which exclude the territorial properties of the king and the nobility. The provinces are named after their respective capitals. They are headed by a Řī Raseesare ('Chargé d'affaires'), who is appointed by the government. The provinces are subdivided in districts (not to be confused with the social-geographic districts - see below), and the districts consist of municipalities. Although the national government has the final say on the provincial budgets, provinces have a lot of autonomy regarding their own development, and they can e.g. introduce traffic laws, determine the housing conditions, regional planning, some social issues, etc.
|Short Name||Official Name||Inhabitants||Surface (km2)||Density (inh/km2)||Řī Raseesare||Since||Party|
|Ārakkar||Ārakkā Evert||1,868,563||18,329.68||101.94||Sut Pōkař Galati (f)||3486 (2009)||ŘPP|
|Bořāzint||Bořāzindu Evert||647,181||13,820.30||46.83||Mina Dot Vats (m)||3484 (2007)||PD|
|Ēzentep||Ēzentebu Evert||722,954||37,090.67||19.49||Bēserets Dot Tip (m)||3490 (2013)||PD|
|Glep||Glebu Evert||1,445,894||5,730.66||252.31||Vats Vāsterets Vlam (m)||3484 (2007)||ŘPP|
|Gorna||Gornā Evert||353,730||33,349.45||10.61||Maro Tōr Basil (f)||3483 (2006)||DP|
|Kotōlets||Kotōlesu Evert||815,779||573.88||1,421.51||Nařret Tora Verteř (m)||3488 (2011)||PP|
|Māp||Mābu Evert||2,190,005||30,625.41||71.51||Vlam Borok Pepi (m)||3488 (2011)||ŘPP|
|Nekkar||Nekkā Evert||1,029,411||367.97||2,797.54||Perpenda Som Āt (m)||3487 (2010)||ŘPP|
|Ronsep||Ronsebu Evert||686,795||21,576.11||31.83||Tip Veriver Bārakos (m)||3482 (2005)||ŘPP|
Main article: Diplomatic relations of Řots
Řots has diplomatic relations with a growing number of nations around the world. In addition, it is a member of the Assembly of Nations and a founding member of the South-West Astrasian Economic Alliance (SWAEA).
Řots can be considered a high-income economy. The GDP per capita was $42,042 in 2013. The country has a relatively low ratio of government debt to GDP. Although Řots has to import petroleum products from abroad, many other energy sources (wood, electricity, etc.) can be found or refined in the country itself. The unemployment rate was around 6.8% in 2013.
Řots is divided in 99 social-geographical districts which have their own two-digit numbers. These numbers are used for a lot of things: zip codes, telephone numbers, car registration, etc. Tax declarations should be sent to the tax office that is located in a district that ends in -1. E.g. people living in Estere (57) have to send their declaration to the office in Bent (51).
The main entrance and exit point to and from Řots is the Nekkar International Airport (Nekkā Pereerabardu Vekiprusuda), which is currently the object of national shame and humiliation, as it is incredibly small and oldfashioned in comparison to international airports in other countries. Plans to construct a completely new and modern airport have existed for several years, but due to procedural obstacles, these plans still exist only on paper.
Elsewhere in Řots there are smaller airports and airfields; every provincial capital has one, except Ronsep. The second largest airport of the country is however the one of the southeastern town of Kiřtemon (province of Bořāzint).
Řots has one national airline, ŘoSanur, which was founded in 1937 as a private company and subsequently bought by the government in 1950.
There is one national railroad organisation in Řots, Armalas Řosuda Ordats Urdudats (AŘOU) or 'Řots Railway Company', that is responsible for transport of freight and passenger transport, the material as well as the infrastructure. (to be elaborated)
Motorways in Řots are indicated with a P (for Orda Prusuda or 'National Road'). Primary national roads on the other hand are indicated with an A (for Orda Anteř or 'Primary Road'), secundary roads with a B (for Orda Badeř or 'Secundary Road').
The Řots Motorways are:
- P1: Nekkar - Māp - (interruption) - west to east of Kotōlets - (interruption) - west of Bořāzint - (interruption) - north of Kiřtemon. At one point in the future, the P1 is supposed to become one connected motorway.
- P2 (north): (AR056) - Glep - Nekkar
- P2 (south): Nekkar - Gervukkar; the projected end of the P2 is Ārakkar.
- P3: Glep - Ēzentep
- P4: Māp - Ēzentep (interrupted; possible future extension to (AR056))
- P5: northeast to southwest of Kotōlets (possible future extensions to Triaquia in the northeast and (AR053) in the southwest)
- P8: Māp - Toraster; possible future extension to Triaquian N6, but due to the large mountain range, this will be a costly project.
- P11: (provincial road to the border of Inretsk) - Bořāzint - Karap; continues as the provincial road to Řadalut and Orřōtip, and the border with AR051.
- P17: connection between P1 and the border of Neo Delta at Tsanařdu Řenderargit.
Addresses in Řots consist of the following elements:
- the name of the street (in genitive case), followed by a number (with a . which refers to the fact that it is an ordinal number)
- the name of the settlement, followed by the postal/zip code which consists of five digits, the first two of which are the social-geographical numbers described above. The other three do not follow a specific order.
So the address of the embassy of Latina is noted thus:
- Latinā Tsōřsugit
- Brekē Kragu 8. ('Brekē Kragu pembeř')
- Nekkar 20199
Brekē Kragu is the genitive case of Brekē Krak, the latter of which is indicated on the map.
Telephone and internet
Řots uses the international telephone code 0642. TO BE ELABORATED
- Top level domain = .rt
- Car code = RTS
Radio and television
The first television broadcast in Řots started on 9 Třeesip 3432 (12 March 1956) and was organised by the Nekkar University for Technology (Nekkā Kantaseri Kermidukusuda, NKK). Originally intended as a trial, the broadcasts of two one hour programs a week - mostly containing news and information about the research at the NKK - turned out to be rather successfull and the government became interested in applying the technology nation wide. Early 3433 the National Television Service (Barak Prusuda Prosukāda, BPP) was founded, which conducted daily broadcasts as of 3435.
TO BE EXPANDED
In Řots society family is not the particular strong cornerstone that it is in some other societies. Instead, Řots people tend to form communities of an average fifteen to twenty adults. Although most people keep socialising with their biological family for a large part of their lives, it is very common that it's not the biological parents who bare the largest responsibility of raising a child, but rather the communities in which it is born, together (later) with its school. It is not considered problematic if one or both of the biological parents leave the community in which their children are growing up (e.g. because they received a job offer elsewhere), and leave the latter behind.
In 3480 (ca. 2003) a very complex system of voluntary social and health securities that had been expanding for nearly 60 years and had become incomprehensible for many citizens, was combined into one new system. A monthly fee for all basic securities that a citizen could apply for (everything remained voluntary, although a person without health security pays much more for e.g. a hospital visit than the state would have if that person had health security) is provisionally deducted from a worker's salary and recalculated after the annual tax declaration. Additional insurance is still possible too, but that is the responsability of the individual. Independent workers can opt for a security package, which can include all possible insurances that apply for workers as well. Most independents however only choose health care and pension, as the complete package turned out too expensive to pay every month.
Řots people have very simple names: noble persons generally get two names, other people three. Persons of (historic) importance are referred to by one of their names, unless this leads to confusion. If necessary, the origin (e.g. 'of Nekkar') or a special feature ('the brave') can be added to the name. The names do not give clues regarding someone's family, as there are no family names. Passports also mention the name of a person's parents, but also the community in which (s)he grew up (see above). In formal situations all names must be mentioned at all times; friends may choose to drop one or even two of the names, but a long time may pass before this choice is made and it has to be discussed extensively between the persons concerned.
Common male names include: Āt, Bārakos, Belek, Bēserets, Borok, Dot, Ēbāt, Galāts, Ītuts, Kogura, Kormets, Mina, Mōr, Nařret, Pepi, Perpenda, Som, Sot, Storm, Tip, Tora, Vāsterets, Vats, Veriver, Verteř, Vlam...
Common female names include: Bārakem, Balt, Basil, Dotun, Ēbām, Galati, Ītase, Kar, Kormese, Maro, Nařrat, Perpenet, Pōkař, Sērgomun, Sōm, Sut, Sutrem, Tōr, Vere, Verko, Vilme...
There are public and religious holidays in Řots, the latter of which do not apply for everyone but depend on the God a person is worshipping (see the chapter 'Religion' below). Because it would be unfair for people who dedicate their lives to only one of the four Gods if people who worship more than one of them would be able to profit of all the religious holidays that come with a God, the total number of religious holidays one can enjoy is always six. Together with the nine public holidays, one can take fifteen days a year off from work.
Main article: Řots holidays
Řots is a singing nation. This doesn't however mean that the people of Řots are singing all the time, but rather that (a capella) vocal music makes up more than 90% of the musical output of Řots music. Instrumental accompaniment is quite rare and music without vocals is even more difficult to find; in general every played note has a word with a meaning attached, so vocal accompaniment that is just based on sounds (even things like 'lalalalala') is very rare as well.
There are however some composers, most notably Ander Kik Břiřde (3350 - 3420 / 1873 - 1943), who tried to introduce non-vocal forms of classical music to Řots, but this is mostly chamber music, as there are no symphony orchestras of significance. An innovation of foreign origin that did manage to gain popularity in Řots is the opera, although these were quickly transformed into a capella operas, also due to the lack of suitable orchestras.
The Řots vocal music is based on a very large body of traditional music which continues to be popular in the entire country. There are short, whimsical songs that often contain some lesson or advice to be used in real life, longer epic songs that tell about an historical figure, songs for religious occasions, songs about life, love, hope, despair, births, deaths, birthdays, other festive occasions, etc. Even getting promoted at work can be cause for some singing. It is considered an honour if someone composes a song for you, and the more people that can sing along and the more elaborate the construction of the song, the higher the honour.
The dominant religion in Řots is a tetratheistic tradition (Řosu Nolanuts) that centres around four Gods:
- Īts, the God of Creation, Life, Wisdom and Inspiration
- Valami (sometimes called Noe), the God(ess)/Deity of Society, Friends and Family, and Confidence
- Eppes, the God of Peace and Protection, Craftsmanship, Travellers and the Lonely
- Rahats, the Godess of War, Death and Destruction
Valami is not gender specific and the reason that the people in Řots are generally tolerant towards non-heterosexual relationships.
The four Gods are prominent at certain parts or activities in life. Īts is said to be present at birth and around writers, composers, artists, etc. Valami visits every marriage (it is custom to reserve a place at the table for him/her) and is always present at social gatherings, and people pray for his/her assistance when they have a difficult (mind-related) task to complete. Eppes protects the travellers, and small statues of him can be found next to roads throughout the country. Eppes also comforts the lonely, is responsible for practical solutions and assists with concrete tasks and arts (architecture, but also odd jobs in and around the house, etc.). Rahats is there when people die, to comfort their families and to take the souls of the Eternal River of Ice (Sārdā Tortu Kost), where they rest until they are born again. A popular saying when somebody dies is Vat Rahasēri gretabin komēni/māni ('He/she went to play cards with Rahats'). A negative aspect of Rahats according to many is that she can't be trusted. She is the one talking behind your back and her actions can cause fights and even wars. On the other hand she is also the one to pray for if you find yourself in a war that you want to end well for you.
Around each God communities have been organised, headed by a korās (male) or an āmās (female), which is some sort of 'pope'. Especially the church hierarchy, the rituals etc. around Valami has been developed in much detail, whereas the cult of Rahats seems the most simple. Most people of Řots are part of one cult. Belonging to one cult doesn't mean that you aren't allowed to spend time with one of the other cults. Many are part of two, a few thousand confess themselves to three cults, and it is currently known of five people that they divide their attention equally among the four cults.
Řosu Nolanuts doesn't have one holy book but derives its rituals and traditions from various ancient texts. These can be put conveniently together in one book, but there are also editions that contain only some of the texts, e.g. the ones that are dedicated to one of the Gods in particular. The originals of the texts are kept in monasteries throughout the country and possessing such a text gives prestige to the monastery. The monastery with the largest collection of sacred texts is the one near the town of Arřeba in the Gorna Province (Arřebā Řenderargit ēts Nola Nu, the Monastery of Arřeba dedicated to the Four Gods), which has the largest population of all the monasteries in Řots and attracts a lot of interest from individuals who wish to live their lives as men or women of the four Gods.
The most popular sport in Řots is hockey, both on ice and - in the summer - outside on inline skates (field hockey on the other hand is hardly played at all). Far behind that in second place is football (soccer), which normally isn't that popular at all, but can be when Řots manages to be good enough to participate prominently in an interntional tournament (which is not that often). Because of the large amounts of water, sailing, swimming and thriathlon are quite common sports as well. In the humid areas in the southwestern part of Řots several cyclo-cross races are organised in the (southern hemisphere) autumn.
Another rather popular local game is rřap, a ball game for three teams in which points can be scored not only by getting the ball in the goal of one of the other teams, but points can be lost for each failed scoring attempt. Many points can be won when a team manages to score in both opponents' goals within two minutes, even more points can be won if this is done by the same player. (detailed rules to be elaborated)
Introduction in other languages
FR: À propos du Řots
Řots (en řotsnan: Řosu Urapruts, le Royaume du Řots) est un royaume dans la partie sud de l’Archante du sud. Il y a plus ou moins deux siècles, le peuple a réussi à se libérer des traditions et protocoles selon lesquels le roi et la noblesse vivent toujours, ce qui a causé la création de deux sociétés séparées dans un pays: le roi et la noblesse maintiennent les traditions féodales entre eux et se montrent très rarement en public, tandis que le reste a construit une société moderne que l’on pourrait considérer comme une république si le roi n’avait pas été mentionné dans la constitution.
LU: Iwwert Řots
Řots (op Řotsnan: Řosu Urapruts, d’Kinnekräich Řots) ass e Kinnekräich am südlechen Deel vu Süd-Archanta. Virun ongeféier zwee Joerhonnerten huet d’Vollek et fäerdeg bruecht fir sech vun den Traditounen an Protokoller ze befreien, no deenen de Kinnik an den Adel nach ëmmer liewen. Doduerch gëtt et elo zwou getrennt Gesellschaften an engem Land: de Kinnik an den Adel behalen déi feudal Traditiounen ënnert sechselwer bäi a sinn nëmme ganz seelen an der Ëffentlechkeet ze gesinn, während de Rescht vum Vollek eng modern Gesellschaft fir sech gebaut huet, déi eng Republik gewiescht wier, wann de Kinnik net géif an der Constitutioun genannt ginn.
NL: Over Řots
Řots (in het Řotsnan: Řosu Urapruts, het Koninkrijk Řots) is een koninkrijk in het zuidelijke deel van Zuid-Archanta. Ongeveer twee eeuwen geleden slaagde het volk erin zich van de tradities en protocollen te bevrijden volgens welke de koning en de adel nu nog steeds leven. Hierdoor zijn er nu twee gescheiden maatschappijen in één land: de koning en de adel volgen de feodale tradities en vertonen zich slechts zeer zelden in het openbaar, terwijl de rest van het volk een moderne maatschappij heeft opgebouwd die een republiek zou zijn geweest als de koning niet in de grondwet werd genoemd.
РУ: О Ръоце
Ръоц (на языке ръоцнан: Řosu Urapruts, Королевство Ръоц) – королевство в южной части южной Арханты. Около двух веков назад люди сумели освободиться от традиций и протоколов, которие следуют все еще король и знать. Из-за этого есть два отдельного общества в одной стране: король и знать следуют феодальные традиции и редко проявляют себя в общественных местах, в то время как другие люди построили современное общество, которое было бы республика, если король не упоминался в конституции.