|9, 52.1402, 128.9822|
|Fourth Republic of Agarderia|
|• Regional languages||Wystrian, Ingerish|
|Nationalities||Agarderian (85%), Glastian (5%), Wystrian (3%), Lantanian (1%)|
|Demonym||Agardirian (Proper nouns), Agarderian (Others)|
|• President||Duare Collerett|
|• Total||4947.69 km2|
|Drives on the||right|
Agarderia (pronounced /'eɪgɑːr'dɛriə/), officially the Fourth Republic of Agarderia is a democratic country in Eastern Uletha. Its neighbours include Latania, Glaster, and Karamsk. It also shares borders with the unrecognised breakaway state called the Socialist Republic of Glastian Agarderia. The capital and most populous city in Agarderia is Aby.
Agarderia is in the closing stages of its recent civil war, which lead it being placed as an AN mandate from 2003 to 2007. From then on, the EUOIA the Assembly of Nations and its neighbour, Glaster, has helped rebuild and install a stable and democratic government.
- 1 History
- 1.1 Pre-Agarderia
- 1.2 Independent Agarderia
- 1.3 Interwar Agarderia
- 1.4 Postwar Agarderia
- 2 Geography
What is now Agarderia today was part of Glaster, through the Melluth-Downing Pact. Agarderia stayed a part of Glaster throughout its empire, during the civil war and became part of the Kingdom of Both Glasters in 1494. When Glaster was invaded by the Ingerish in 1801, the invaders ignored Agarderia, and in the subsequent Treaty of Mealle, Wyster, Glaster and Agarderia were split, with Agarderia, Wyster and North Glaster becoming independent countries.
The First Agarderian Republic was similar in structure to North Glaster, which was an Ingerish puppet state. Set up in 1828, it was designed and governed by a majority Ingerish government. Over the years, the Ingerish realised Agarderia was not a valuable country, having neither a large population nor a source of raw materials. As a result, Ingerish influence gradually left Agarderia. By the 1860s Agarderia was almost fully independent.
In the 1930s, a series of regional economic problems began to polarise Agarderian politics, as it did with neighbouring Glaster. A succession of far-rightist governments eventually turned Agarderia into a fascist dictatorship in 1936, under the leadership of Agarderian politician Dolanus Leever. The Agarderians started a war against Karamsk, gaining Karamsk's southeastern territories.
Fascist Commonia took an interest in eastern Uletha in the late 30s and formed an alliance with both Agarderia and Glaster. The inability of the Agarderian government to solve its economic problems and suppress the threat of communism meant that for much of the early 40s, the Agarderian government was almost dependent on Commonian funding and armaments.
The Hall Government
After multiple workers' strikes, the beginnings of hyperinflation and political terrorist incidents, Commonia overthrew the Agarderian government in January 1945 and established a state directly controlled by Commonia, headed by Gelet Hall, the head Commonian adviser to Agarderia. The Agarderian People's Resistance was an underground socialist movement that conducted guerrilla attacks from early 1944. The Hall government began an immediate crackdown of opposition activity, which forced existing communist and rival parties further underground. The war against the communists was successful during the early months of the Hall Government. Problems in Agarderia were partially solved during this time.
Agarderian Civil War
Main article: Agardirian Civil War
A communist guerilla movement started in northern Agarderia and Glaster in early 1944, called the Communist Spring. Spurred on by the Glastian Civil War, the Agarderian Civil War officially began with the Declaration of the Opposition on the 1st of June, 1945.
The centre of communist activity was based at Buranran and later Chudasma. The Glastian government seemed to have had communist activity contained in the northwest portion of the country until Glastian intervention in late 1945. The Glastian communist invasion and occupation took away many of Agarderia's fuel storages. The lack of fuel and Communist coalition support quickly ended fascist domination of Agarderia. Aby was taken in February 1946. Weerhay, the last Agarderian stronghold, fell a month later.
Gelet Hall escaped back to Commonia. Dolanus Leever was taken prisoner, 'trialled' and publicly executed in August. Various Agarderian and Commonian generals and political figures met different fates. Some 'disappeared'. Others are known to have been executed, escaped to Commonia or committed suicide. At the end of 1946 Agarderia's military and political structure had underwent a complete cleansing.
Democratic Republic of Agarderia
Communist Agarderia was recognised on February 28th, 1946 and immediately joined the coalition against the Glastian Republican forces. Occupation of Agarderian territory by Communist Glaster, Latania and Karamsk meant that efforts to contribute to the Glastian Civil War were low and few in number.
Eastern, Glastian-occupied Agarderia saw an influx of refugees after the North vowed to execute or imprison all communist sympathisers. The now majority Glastian occupied territory housed the Glastian Communist Government, which answered to but acted independently to the Agarderian government, forming the Glastian Autonomous Region. The lifting of the Karamsk and Latanian occupation took place in stages between 1947 and 1955. Latanian forces left the north of the country on the 2nd of June 1949. The last piece of occupied territory to be given back to Agarderia was under the control of Karamsk and was the exclave of Arkamsk-Lubacz on the 19th of May 1955. Following the war, Karamsk reabsorbed the majority of its eastern territories back.
The 1960s and 1970s brought great prosperity to Agarderia. Rebuilding and development after the war commenced and living standars improved drastically. Pre-war economic problems were entirely solved by end of the third presidency, under Ludlen Saqwen. Agarderia remained militarised, waiting for an opportunity to restore the Glastian Communists back to power with the help of Latania. The militarisation of this locality of eastern Uletha was of great concern to the global community, which feared for another war.
As economic conditions worsened again in 1978, Agarderia was unable to keep up its military spending afloat. The unrest and monetary problems eventually lead to drastic reform. The collapse of Latanian communism in 1985 along with the Glastian unification of 1982 compounded problems for Agarderia. These ultimately dissolved the Agardirian Communist Party in 1986. The destruction of the Communist Party led to Contingency Plan Orange to be put into action, which formed the Agardirian Provisional Government. A large number of high-level officials that were supposed to be included in the new Agardirian Government declined to participate, fleeing to West Glaster. A number of former Communist Agarderian officials also fled to the Glastian Agrdarderia Autonomous Region and attempted to re-establish the Communist Government with a new leader, based there.
By the 5th of May, 2 days after the disintegration of the original Provisional Government, no organised body was left controlling of all of Agarderia. Agarderia remained without a government for 2 days. The Socialist Republic of West Glaster (now the Socialist Republic of Glastian Agarderia) was created along the land bordering Glaster. On the 5th of May, the reformed Agardirian Armed Forces organised itself and declared marshal law on Agarderia to keep the peace until another Agardirian Provisional Government was created. The Second Provisional Government was created on May 7th and immediately began restoring order to Agarderia, including a planned military invasion of West Glaster. The new government was short lived and a Communist coup on the 9th, with roots in Glastian Agarderia, plunged the country into chaos once more.
The Communist coup collapsed in 2 weeks, leaving the reformed Third Provisional Government in control of Agarderia. Total control of Agarderia was restored once again on May 25th. Due to fears of rebellion and instability, Agarderia called off the assault into Glastian Agarderia. The Third Provisional Government survived and the first elections were called in early January 1987. Requests to Socialist West Glaster to hold elections also were denied and the election process continued without them.
Third Agardirian Republic
The Third Agardirian Republic came into being on the 4th of January 1987. The new government contained a mix of former communist leaders and new faces, while the governing structure received a partial restructuring. The SRWG had de facto control of the region of Glastian Agarderia, but almost all states recognised the Third Agardirian Republic. There were numerous failed attempts at Agarderian reunification, with West Glaster refusing to co-operate.
The Third Republic had a very weak and unstable political system. Political structuring meant that no party had a full majority and in almost all cases the government was formed from a coalition of two or three parties. Economic conditions in Agarderia did not improve to any great extent and any reforms were impossible to pass with a multiparty coalition. As the situation worsened, politics became more and more polarised. In the elections of 1997, a six-way coalition was created. By 1998, unrest had returned once more and the system was close to collapse once again.
On the 22nd of March 1998, the Agardirian Party, aligned with the military and 3 out of the other 5 members of the coalition, marched on Aby and forcibly dissolved the Agardirian Senate. Marshal Law returned the following day. The new government promised peace and stability in Glaster. The army was mobilised and opposing political groups were disbanded, some by violence and surviving organisations were forced to start operating underground.
Second Civil War
After restoring order, the new Agarderian government declared war on Glastian Agarderia. The attempted of Glastian Agarderia failed and the political landscape was left in chaos. The nation was divided into 3 main factions: the Socialist Republic of Agarderia (formerly the Socialist Republic of West Glaster), the Agardirian Front (the former government and its allies) and the Liberation movement, which was pro-democratic. No country was involved deeply in this conflict, which meant that fronts shifted forwards and backwards as the war progressed.
By 2001, the war had turned in favour of the communists, aided by the support of Latanian communist rebels. A joint Glaster-Agardirian Front invasion of the coast of Glastian Agarderia cut off access to the sea, and the war effort was severely compromised. Further diplomatic pressure resulted in Latania withdrawing its support. From then on, Glastian Agarderia mainly fought defensively to protect the land it already occupied.
In-fighting between the varying factions led to complete disintegration and anarchy in 2003. Fearing that the communists would succeed in invading a weak and fragmented Agarderia, the Assembly of Nations turned Agarderia into a mandate country. The AN recieved control of the country on July 1st, 2003. A multinational co-alition headed by Glaster was formed to aid the defense against Glastian Agarderia. At the end of 2004, the AN declared the newly formed Agarderian government operational and withdrew direct control of the country. The AN remained an advisory body within Agarderia until 2007, when the new government took full control.
Forth Agardirian Republic
The Forth Agardirian Republic came into being on the 3rd of December 2004. Initially a child body of the Assembly of Nations Agarderia Commission, the AN gradually withdrew its influence. It remained an advisory body up to 2007. After 2007, the Agardirian Republic gained full control over the nation. From then onwards, Agarderia has maintained a defensive posture towards the breakaway state. Together with Glaster and Latania, the Agarderians operate a plan of 'restrictive isolation'. There are no plans to invade Glastian Agarderia; instead Agarderia proposes to wait for the nation to burn itself out.
The coastline of Agarderia lies at the southwest of the country, where it borders the Darcodian Sea. The average elevation of Agarderia is at around 77 metres and the majority of Agarderian terrain is hilly, particularly towards the north of the country.
The only major lake in Agarderia is Chalklen Lake in the north of the country. Chalklen Lake is the source for the River Agarchuk, the major river flowing through Agarderia. Its watershed covers almost all of Agarderia, with the exception of the area around Weerhay.
Agarderia has continental climate. Its 4 seasons are of almost equal length. Average temperatures range from -9°C in winter to 19°C in summer. It lies inside the temperate zone. The average yearly temperature is 6.5°C. The average precipitation is around 700mm per year and snow cover usually occurs from mid-December to March. Evergreen forest covers the majority of Agarderia.