This page is also available in Romanian
|8, 26.495, 100.569|
|Federal Republic of Antharia|
Republica Federală Antaria
Rêpúblê Fêderálû Antáriî
|Flag||Coat of arms|
"Dâ Déî réê, dâ réê léhê"
From god the king, from the king the law
Limba noastră-i o comoară
Our language is a treasure
|Antharian Province Map|
and largest city
|Official languages||Romanish, Eganian (in Romanish Niscavo Province)|
| • Regional languages||Franquese, Turquese, Pollonian|
|Government||Presidential Federal Republic|
| • President||Dumitru Sânmărcean|
| • Premier||Andrei Ciermieșna|
| • Upper house||Senate (Senat)|
| • Lower house||Chamber of Deputies (Camera Deputaților)|
| • Total||59,102.75 km2|
22,819.70 sq mi
| • Water (%)||2.1|
| • Estimate (2011)||10,520,000|
| • Per capita||37305|
|HDI (2013)|| 0.857|
|Timezone||WUT + 6|
|Currency||Antharian Leu (ANL)|
|Drives on the||right|
Antharia (Romanish: Antaria or Aнѳáрѧ; Antharian: Antâriè; Franquese: Antharie; Eganian: Antariê; Pollonian: Antharien) is a federal semi-presidential republic in central-southern Uletha. It includes 5 constituent provinces and one autonomous province. Antharia covers an area of 59,102.75 square kilometres (22,819.70 sq mi). It is bordered by Niscavo and Cimenoire to the west, Euresia and Carpathia to the north and Aurenia to the east. Antharia is a founding member of the Ulethan Alliance. Its capital and largest city is Bărădin.
The human remains found in Peștera Văduvelor ("Cave of Widows") dates from circa 120,000 years ago, being one of the oldest founds of Homo Sapiens in Uletha.
Around 1500, the actual site of Antharia and Aurenia was roughly divided into four big territories: the Antharian Kingdom in the south, the Niscavan Kingdom (later in 1549 colonized by Egani) in the southwest, the Quartian Empire in the northwest and the Romanish Kingdom in center-east.
The formation of the Antharian Kingdom took place between 300-600 AD, in the southern part of today's Antharia. Many remains dating from this period are found in the Gulf of Barodyn, a former natural depression, flooded during an earthquake in the early 9th century. Until then, the capital of the Antharian Kingdom has been Fôkániî (in other sources known as Fôrkánê or simply Fôrkán). There have not been found any remains of the former capital city yet, but historical texts place it underwater, near Adakalè island.
around 1500 (reconstruction)
Until the 13th century, when Lânádê became the capital of the kingdom, Antharia didn't have a stable royal residence. In 1372, the Quartian Empire has conquered a large part of Antharia, which is similar to today's Antharian Quartia Province. Consequently, Antharia has embattled the borders to Quartia with fortifications.
In the 15th century, first oversea attacks took place on the southern coast of the Antharian Kingdom, therefore 47 coastal fortifications were built in the following century, of which 12 still exist today. The biggest Antharian military base, the Mahena Fortress was built in 1583 at the strait between Gulf of Barodyn and sea.
As Lânádê burned down in the late 16th century in a big fire allegedly started by Quartian spies, Válesiî (Vâlcești), a big fortress built in 1523, was appointed in 1612 as new capital of the Antharian Kingdom.
First Antharian War
In 1639, the Quartian army unexpectedly performed an assault, which Antharia wasn't able to defend. The Quartian Empire worked its way forward unto the capital Válesiî, which they took over in less than a week time. The Antharian army had to retreat. A provisional capital was installed at the far East end of the country, at Vrádêna (in today's Aurenia). From there, Antharia started to look for wartime allies and managed to create an alliance with the Romanish Kingdom and Egani. After several unsuccessful attempts, the united armies took back Válesiî in 1658 and almost the entire rest of the country until 1662. As reward for their help, Egani and Romany claimed Antharian territories. Thus Antharia gave up lands in its southwest to the Eganian colony Niscavo and bigger territories in today's Aurenia to the Romanish Kingdom.
In 1723, a big earthquake with a magnitude of 7.3 on the Richter scale destroyed many parts of southern Antharia, including the fortresses Álbâ Carôlínê, Nêgéniî and Mâhénê. The capital city Válesiî was highly damaged too.
In 1754, the Romanish Prince Ѳє́ѡдѡр III (Theodor III) became Antharian king, as the Dynasty of Darovingians disappeared with the assassination of King Leînád I in 1752. Theodor III followed the plan of romanizing the Antharian nation and replacing the Antharian language with the Romanish language. The first step followed in 1755, when all public institutions in Antharia were forced to adopt the Romanish language. Despite several revolts, the plan worked and the Antharian language started to be superseded by Romanish. Until 1800, Romanish achieved being the main language of the higher social classes.
Second Antharian War
In 1794, plans of Quartia attacking Antharia and Romany were detected and the governments of both countries decided to unify themselves to build up a stronger resistance against Quartia. On July 2nd, 1797, the Romanish and the Antharian Kingdoms merged into Antharia. Capital city of Antharia became the small town Barôdéniî, which was widely extended and modernized and achieved the Romanish name Bărădin.
In 1801, Quartia attacked for the first time, not from the northeast, as expected, but from the southern coast. The Quartian army conquered the south of the Cadrilather Peninsula, but wasn't able to move any further towards the capital, as this region had a well-marked defending system. In 1803, the Quartian army had to retract.
The second attack took place at the northwest border, in 1810. This failed very fast, as the Antharian army had imported new modern weapons from Pretany and Gobrassanya.
At the Gobras Conference in 1813, the nations Antharia, Gobrassanya and Pretany decided to disperse the Quartian Empire as it began to behave too provocative. In 1816, Gobrassanyan, Pretanian and Antharian troops attacked the Quartian Empire and took it over until 1817. More then half of the Quartian population was expelled and had to flee to Euresia. Quartia was divided into 4 occupation zones: Southeast, which was attached to Cimenoire and received the name Les Frontières; Central-East, (consisting by the former Antharian territory Corția and by Pollonia, a former independent kingdom, taken over by Quartia in 1642), which was added to Antharia; Northeast and Northwest, which were occupied by Pretanian and Gobrassanyan troops and served as independent colonies.
Suppression of the Antharian population
The romanization of the new Antharian territories was not very successful. Even though public institutions were obliged to work in Romanish only, especially big cities as Sens (Terdău) and Reißburg (Ribuzău) remained preponderantly Franquese and Pollonian.
In 1828, King Кáрѡʌ I (Carol I) became king of Antharia. Under his rule, the country experienced an economic boom. Carol I also managed to give minorities more rights. Antharia started to be a multicultural state, only the Antharian culture was neglected. This led starting with 1835 to many local revolts of the Antharian population all over Antharia. Most of these revolts were quelled by the royal guard. As the Turquese minority, which represented only 1.28% of the population of Antharia, had more rights that the Antharian-speaking population, which constituted more than 25%, Antharian rebels burned down all mosques in Antharia in the night of January 15th, 1879. The day after, the Antharian population has been outlawed by the king Carol II. As consequence, more than half of the Antharians fled to neighboring countries and to Gobrassanya. Many others changed their identities. Over 20,000 Antharians were killed in the following two years.
Economic Prosperity and International Relations
Despite the Antharian genocide, the international relations of Antharia weren't cancelled, but they grew stronger, especially to Pretany, Cimenoire and Gobrassanya. The significant upturn of the Antharian economy started with the introduction of the New Romanish Alphabet in 1862, during the reign of Ferdinand I. The constant economical rise of the country lasted under the rule of Carol II (1878-1893) and Ferdinand II (1893-1921). In 1912, one of the most successful luxury vehicle companies in Uletha, the Antharian Automobile Works (AAW), was founded in Bărădin.
In 1866, Romanish merchants from the Moldavia Province (today Aurenian territory) settled regions in northern Commonia, which became in 1902 the first Antharian state-controlled colonies Transmoldavia and Transcommonia.
Jean Gheorghe-Barraca in 1922
Revolution of 1921 and Third Antharian War
In 1916, the population of Antharia began to revolt against their king Ferdinand II, who upped the taxes to build new, immense royal residences as the one in Vâlcești. Head of a national movement against King Ferdinand II was the Franquese general Jean Gheorghe-Barraca from the Quartian Province. Through propaganda in newspapers, which were manipulated by him, he succeeded in alluring the majority of the Antharian population on his side by 1920. In October 1921, King Ferdinand II was assassinated by Ion Vâlion, a Romanish peasant allegedly set by Gheorghe-Barraca to murder the king to distract from his own Franquese background.
In 1922, Jean Gheorghe-Barraca became leader of Antharia, which became a fascist dictatorship. To negate the monarchy, he moved the capital back to Vâlcești, the initial capital city of Antharia. He also planned immense systematization projects in the city, of which until 1925 only a few were entirely finished.
One of his ideas was, that all territories near Antharia on which Franquese, Eganian and Pollonian people lived should have been included in Antharia. Therefore he built up a big Antharian army by forcing every male aged between 17-62 and living in Antharia to enter it. In 1923, Antharia took over Niscavo and eastern parts of Cimenoire. In 1924, Gheorghe-Barraca started conquering southern parts of Euresia. At this point, international armies intervened, among others also Gobrassanyan and Pretanian troops. In 1925, Antharia surrendered and Jean Gheorghe-Barraca was shot in Bărădin.
After 1925, the country was divided into four occupation zones: Central-Northwest, occupied by Euresia, Southwest, occupied by Cimenoire and Egani and East, occupied by Carpathia. While the western zones were assigned to democratic governments controlled by the occupying forces and eventually united themselves in 1943 to the new state of Antharia, the eastern occupation zone became in 1929 a independent socialist republic under the name of Aurenia.
The biggest Antharian cities were strongly damaged during the bombardments in 1925. Especially the former capital city of Antharia, Bărădin, was destroyed at more than 75%. Vâlcești lost around 25% of its buildings. Ancient fortifications like Adakalè were often used as prisons and torture camps, especially under Cimenoirean occupation.
Until 1943, all Antharian regions were in a deplorable state. The higher class of Antharia managed to flee to Gobrassanya or Pretany, other flows of refugees emigrated to neighboring countries. The total Antharian population added up to around 10 million people in 1925, was left to only 6.1 million inhabitants in 1940.
Reconstitution of Antharia
Newspaper article on the Antharian Union (Zïar de Antharïa, 1943)
At the Niscavo Conference in 1937, Egani, Cimenoire, Euresia and Carpathia discussed about the future of Antharia. The points of view were very diversely. Egani appreciated the idea of a reunited Antharia, asked for a territory in exchange. Cimenoire was also in favor of a united but controlled Antharia, as neighboring countries should have been able to intervene and take the government over in case of civil wars or revolts. Euresia pledged for a free united Antharia with a developed foreign policy and strong diplomatic relations.
Carpathia did not accept the idea of a reconstitution of Antharia, the country would have been a threat for the neighboring states again. Carpathia wanted to keep the occupation zones and to demilitarize them, turning them to dependent agrarian states. The Carpathian point of view delayed the reunion. Only in 1942, the western occupation states decided to give up the Carpathian occupation zone in favor of the Antharian state.
In 1943, the Eganian, Cimenoirean and Euresian zones united themselves to the state of Antharia. The only condition stipulated by the neighboring countries was to keep the democracy, else they were able to take over the government of Antharia. Also Egani took over small south-western territories, equivalent to today's northern Niscavo and the autonomous region Romanish Niscavo.
One year later, in 1944, Carpathia founded the state of Aurenia, which was firstly a agrarian country completely dependent of it. In 1947, a big socialist movement freed Aurenia from Carpathian occupation and built up a communist regime, which ruled the country until 2002.
As Egani took over a territory which was over seven times bigger than the former colonized city state Niscavo itself, territories which indeed originally were part of Niscavo but on which, in 18th and 19th century, a high amount of Romanish people settled, representing around 40% of the territory's population, they revolted starting with 1945 against their new regime and asked to be reintegrated in Antharia. Egani didn't take action until 1948, when the count of Romanish and Eganian population in each town was published. Later this year, the census came out to be rigged, as the actual number of Romanish population was much bigger. In 1950, an accurate census was published, which made clear, that in northern parts of Niscavo, the amount of Romanish population surpassed the Eganian population, in some cases even with 30%.
Only in 1977, the northern part of Niscavo asked for independence and was reintegrated in 1979 in the Antharian Cadrilather Province.
In 2004, the Niscavan minority in the so-called Romanish Niscavo requested autonomy from Antharia again. Since 2007, this region is an autonomous Antharian province.
|Al IV-lea Congres Antarian - Ansambléul Național
| PSD (Partidul Social Democrat): 62 seats
| ADA (Alïanța Democraților Antarieni): 23 seats
| PDL (Partidul Democrat Liberal): 58 seats
| PNL (Partidul Național Liberal): 70 seats
| PU (Partidul Unirea): 39 seats
| PQP (Partie Quortienne-Polonne / Quartisch-Pollonische Partei): 22 seats
President of Antharia is since January 1st 2015 Dumitru Sânmărcean.
Antharia is a secular state with no state religion. However, Antharia is one of the most religious countries in Uletha and an overwhelming majority of the country's citizens are Christian. 91.04% of the country's stable population identified as Ekelan in the 2011 census. Other denominations include Ortholicism (4.76%), Reformatism (1.93%) and Islam (0.65%). The 2011 census counts also a number of 14,000 Dionisos and 21,000 atheists.
10 Antharian Lei banknote.
Since 1867 the official Antharian currency has been Antharian Leu (Ⱡ). It is subdivided into 100 Bani (bn).
Since the middle ages, the south of Antharia had as currency the Ruble, which differed between the Gold Ruble (until 1735) and the Silver Ruble (1735-1867). In 1836, King Carol I introduced the Antharian Leu for the first time, an adaption of the Romanish Ʌïѡ́ꙋ̆. Before 1867 the Silver Ruble was valued so highly as to drive the native coins out of circulation. In 1867, Ferdinand I prohibited the Silver Ruble. Since then, the official Antharian currency is Leu.
1 Antharian Leu has a value of currently
( -0.02 USD).
One USD is worth 0.3 Lei.
Today's Antharia was formed from an earlier collection of several states with different cultures. As it has a federal constitution, the constituent provinces retain a measure of sovereignty. Federalism is one of the entrenched principles of Antharia. According to the Antharian constitution (called Constituție or Lege Fundamentală), some topics (such as foreign affairs and defense) are the exclusive responsibility of the federation (i.e., the federal level), while others fall under the shared authority of the provinces and the federation (all other areas, including topics such as financial promotion of arts and sciences, but also many forms of education and job training). Although international relations are primarily the responsibility of the federal level, provinces have certain limited powers in this area: in matters that affect them directly, the provinces defend their interests at the federal level through the Federal Council ("Camera Superioară", the upper house of the Antharian Federal Parliament) and in areas where they have legislative authority they have limited powers to conclude international treaties "with the consent of the federal government".
The creation of the Federal Republic of Antharia in 1943 was through the unification of the western states (which were previously under Niscavan, Cimenoirean, and Euresian administration) created in the aftermath of 3rd Antharian War.
Antharia is divided into 6 provinces, including one autonomous province, the Romanish Niscavo:
|| Romanish name
|| Area (km2)
|Autonomous Romanish Niscavo Province
||Provincia Autonomă Niscava Românească
Antharia consists of 53 counties (județ, pronounced judets). Every province except the city-state of Bărădin and the autonomous region Romanish Niscavo consists of counties, which have primary administrative functions in specific areas, such as highways, hospitals, and public utilities.
Remains of Lanada
, the former capital of the Antharian Kingdom
Tourism is a significant contributor to the Antharian economy, generating around 9% of GDP. According to the World Travel and Tourism Council, Antharia was estimated to have the second fastest growing travel and tourism total demand in the world, with an estimated potential growth of 16% per year from 2007 to 2016. The number of tourists has been steadily rising, reaching 9.5 million in the first half of 2014. Tourism in Antharia attracted $800 million in investments in 2005.
More than 60% of the foreign visitors in 2007 were from other countries in Uletha. The popular summer attractions of Nisipurile de Aur and other sea resorts attracted 4.3 million tourists in 2009. Most popular skiing resorts are in the south, on the Vâlceni Mountains. Castles and medieval fortifications in cities such as Vâlcești, Niculești Nord, and Adakalè also attract a large number of tourists.
Demographics of today's Antharian territory in 1800
Antharian demographics in 2011
According to the 2011 census, Antharia's population is 21,040,000. Despite the decline of the population in neighboring countries, the Antharian population is growing, mainly due to immigration. In October 2011, the Romanish population made up 88.9% of the population. The largest ethnic minorities are Eganian, 3.5% of the population, Franquese, 2% of the population and Pollonian, 1% of the population. Franqueses constitute a majority in the Quartia Province and Pollonians live mostly in Pollonia Province. Other minorities include Turquese, Gobrassian, Moldavian, Ingerish, Shilesian and Castellanese population.
In Antharia, cycling is very popular. Every year around July, the Tour de l'Antharie is organised, a bicycle race around the country. Football is not as popular as in the neighboring countries.