Broceliande

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Principalty of Broceliande
Principauté de Brocéliande
Flag
Flag
CapitalValoris
Largest cityValoris
Official languagesFranquese
GovernmentParliamentary Monarchy
 • PrincePrince Guillaume IV
 • ConsulMaran Savenay
LegislatureSénat
HDI (2014)Increase 0.887
very high
CurrencyEcu
Drives on theright
Internet TLD.bc

Broceliande (officially: Principauté de Brocéliande) is a country in southern Tarephia. It counts about 12 million inhabitants.

Geography

Broceliande is about 32 000 Km²

The country is mainly mountainous with wide costal plains and long valleys.

Originally, the whole country was covered by a dense rain forest.

History

1785-1790 : The Illion War and the fall of Troie

1790-1840 : Ardoin Trade League

After 1840 : International Neutrality

Modern political history

The 1835 Revolution

tbd


L’acte noir de 1837 (1837 Black act)

After the black community demonstrations, riots and strikes of 1835-1836 and 1837, Prince Henri decided the introduction of a “Black Act” which had no consequences on the 1835 constitution. This decision appeared as a compromise and received a good reception by the black community.

The black act led to the creation of the Black Assembly, elected every 5 years by black male citizens. The assembly was located in Latrey. The black assembly had more or less the same powers and prerogatives as the Valoris Senate, applied to the black community. It had its own budget but no powers on international decisions, police, and land use.

This led to the development of a second national body of laws leading to complex situations.

In 1889, The Valoris Senate and the Black Assembly voted together a package of measures in order to ensure uniformity and consistency in decision-making in general law.


1899-1901: The Draband war

tbd


1915-1919: a time of instability

tbd


The 1919 Constitution

The 1919 constitution had been adopted by the September 4th referendums (yes at 57% in the white college, yes at 92% in the black college) after the Holy-Friday cease-fire. These two referendums were the last election organized under the 1837 colleges system.

New Princess Eugénie presented the new constitution as “la constitution de l’égalité” (Equity Constitution): all its principles were written to guarantee equity between all the Broceliande citizens. The main evolutions in comparison with 1835-1837 constitution are:

  • Introduction of universal suffrage (men, women, blacks, whites and mixed people) for every election, abolition of the back college and of the white college;
  • Abolition of the Black Assembly and election of a unique national senate every 6 years;
  • Secularism of all the national institutions especially schools and hospitals which were under the responsibility of the Church;
  • Preservation of the Prince rights and prerogatives;
  • Reinforcement of the municipalities prerogatives


The 1919 constitution had several other consequences in the Broceliande law:

  • Women Equity Act (1922 State-Court decision leading to a Senate-Act in 1923)
  • Criminalization of all kind of discrimnations based on race, religion and sexual orientation (1927 State-Court decision, 1929 Senate Act);
  • marriage equity (1971 State-Court decision, 1974 Senate Act);


The 1919 constitution is still effective.

Population

The population of Broceliande is approximately 12 million.

Broceliande has a high density population, principally on the northern and southern coasts and around the capital in the center of the country. The population is now highly urbanized. The main urban area is the Métropole de Troie-Charleville-Sansévérina before Valoris and Belleville.

Popbro.png

Ethnicity

According to the 2010 general census, 65% of the Broceliande inhabitants describe themselves as "white", about 20% as "black" (mainly on the northern coast and in Valoris) and 15% as "mixed".

Language

The official language of Broceliande is Franquese (Article 4 of the 1919 Constitution), which all of the population speaks. It is the only language used in newspapers, radio, television, education and for business and administrative purposes.

Education

Broceliande guarantees universal, secular and free-of-charge public education for all levels. Responsibility for educational supervision is organized by the state.

Schools have been under the reponsibility of municpalities since 1919. Before they were under the responsibilty of the Church.

Education has been mandatory for every child until 14 years old since 1871, until 16 years old since 1964.

The biggest University and oldest of Brocéliande is "Université De Valoris". "Université de Belleville" is ranked among the best universities worldwide and hosts numerous foreign students.

Religion

Roman Catholicism is the country's predominant faith.

About 50% of the population followed Roman Catholicism; 10% Protestantism; 10% Judaism; 1% other religions; while 29% have no religion. According to a poll in 2009, the people of broceliande were found to have one of the the highest level of religious tolerance and to be the country where the highest proportion of the population defines its identity primarily in term of nationality and not religion.

Government

Broceliande has been a parliamentary monarchy for 180 years (1835 revolution and 1919 constitution). Before 1835, the Prince and its government concentrated most of the power and there were no free elections.

Today, the senate has 401 members elected every 6 years. It is located in Valoris on Parliament hill.

Sénat

The current composition of the senate results of the 2013 general elections. It led to the formation of a PSB/Ecolos/Démocrates government.

Composition du Sénat de la Principauté de Brocéliande à la suite des élections générales de juin 2013
Senat2013.png
   Force Ouvrière (FO) : 8 seats
   Parti Communiste de Brocéliande (PCB) : 22 seats
   Parti Socialiste de Brocéliande (PSB) : 151 seats
   Les Ecolos : 21 seats
   Les Démocrates : 56 seats
   Union des Libéraux (UL) : 41 seats
   Rassemblement Populaire (RP) : 91 seats
   Front pour Brocéliande (FB) : 11 seats

Administrative divisions

The six provinces

Broceliande is divided in 7 provinces. Each province is divided in municipalities.


Name Code Capital Population Area (km²) Density
Arvergne AR Bourg-Depin 1 million
Iles du Midi MI Tassia 0.15 million
Illion IL Troie 3.5 million
Médard ME Saint-Waast 0.5 million
Normanie NO Latrey 1.8 million
Occidanie OC Belleville 2.6 million
Valoris Capitale VA Valoris 2.5 million

International organizations

Broceliande is a member of the Assembly of Nations. It is not a member of the Tarephia Cooperation Council (rejected by referundum in 1998).

For details about embassies and international representations, see here.

Culture

Tourism

Broceliande is ranked among the main tourist destination in the world. Broceliande features cities of high cultural interest, beaches, seaside resorts and rural regions.

Thanks to its climate, the country is an attractive destination all year round. Tourism infrastructures are generally good and easily accessible from an international airport or port. Some areas (Polignac, Lympie island[1] or Sirmon[2]) are specialized in the luxury tourism market.

The most visited areas are Valoris, Troie and the Troyan Riviera, Iles du Midi, the rural regions and the cliffs of Normanie.

The southern coast and its many islands is an important destination for cruise ships.

In 2015, the country hosted around 35 million tourists, which is about 2.7 times its national population (32 million in 2014). Tourism represents 15% to 20% of Broceliande’s GDP.


Transportation

Transportation in Broceliande relies on one of the densest networks in Tarephia. It is built as a web with Valoris at its center.


Airports and airlines

There are several airports in Broceliande among which four provide international destinations:

The national airline company is Brocelair (main hub in Valoris-Maillot and TCS).

There are only two national relations : Tassia-TCS and Tassia-Valoris.

Ports and ferry links

Railways

The first railway line linked Valoris with Sansévérina in 1855. Railroads are operated by Chemins de Fer du Prince. The railway system is a small portion of total travel, accounting for less than 15% of passenger travel.

From 1985 onwards, a newly constructed high-speed line linked Valoris to Sansévérina. A new high-speed line is planned between Valoris and Belleville.

Trains, unlike road traffic, drive on the left.


Metro

Three cities in Broceliande currently have metro (rapid transit) service. Full metro systems are in operation in Valoris and Belleville. A light metro system is in use in Latrey.

Roads and Motorways

Broceliande has a good road network.

Broceliande is believed to be one of the most car dependent countries in Tarephia . In 2005, 80% of vehicle kilometres were travelled by car and buses.

List of Motorways :

Name Start (Km 0) Finish Length (Km) Construction Comments
A0 Valoris Valoris xx 1959-1971 Valoris Ring
A1 Valoris Troie 1951-1966 Named "Voie Expresse Ville-Marie" in Troie
A2 Valoris Belleville 1958-1967
A3 Valoris Latrey 1961-1987
A4 Valoris TBD 1974-1978
A5 A7 (Belleville) A20 (Belleville) 1962-1968 Belleville Ring
A6 Belleville A1 (Gorange) 1978-1985
A7 Belleville A1 (Camard) 1969-1974 A7a and A7b in Belleville
A9 Troie Rochebrune (frontière) 1954-1962 Named "Voie Expresse Littoral" in Troie
A10 A1 (Paray) Rochembeau 1972-1978
A12 Belleville Mégare 1968-1987
A20 Belleville Saint-Waast (Frontière) 1964-1969
A21 A2 (XX) Saint-Waast 1981-1985
A22 Valoris Laplacée (frontière) 1992-1996
A61 A6 (Bourg-Depin) A7 (Maisons-Garon) 1975-1978
A601 A61 (Bourg-Depin) A6 (Bourg-Depin) 1976-1970
A701 A7 (Charleville) Charleville 1969-1971 Access to central Charleville
A720 A7 (Combourg) Sansévérina 1972-1974 Access to central Sansévérina
A901 A1 (Troie) A9 (La Croix-Valmer) 1974-1979 A1-A9 junction
VE-VB A1 (Troie) A9 (Beaulieu) 1958-1962 A1-A9 junction named "Voie Expresse Van-Büren"



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