|Principalty of Broceliande|
Principauté de Brocéliande
|• Prince||Prince Guillaume IV|
|• Consul||Maran Savenay|
|HDI (2014)|| 0.887|
|Drives on the||right|
Broceliande (officially: Principauté de Brocéliande) is a country in southern Tarephia. It counts about 12 million inhabitants.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 2.1 Early history
- 2.2 1785-1790 : The Illion War and the fall of Troie
- 2.3 1790-1840 : Ardoin Trade League
- 2.4 After 1840 : International Neutrality
- 2.5 Modern political history
- 3 Population
- 4 Government
- 5 Culture
- 6 Tourism
- 7 Transportation
Broceliande is about 32 000 Km²
The country is mainly mountainous with wide costal plains and long valleys.
Originally, the whole country was covered by a dense rain forest.
The first Franquese settlers arrived on the southern coast of Broceliande around 1150 near the today city of Caumartin on what was an almost empty land. Valoris was founded in 1250 and gave the settlers a position that let them control both the southern and northern coast.
Between 1200 and 1350 the Valor family managed to unify the Principality. Polignac, Troie and Périgan remained the only Franquese territories out of the Valor control. In 1550, the Illion kingdom became independent and the name “Broceliande” was chosen.
Broceliande managed to remain independent during its whole history. Ingerish and Castellanese attempts remained unsuccessful.
1785-1790 : The Illion War and the fall of Troie
1790-1840 : Ardoin Trade League
After 1840 : International Neutrality
Modern political history
The 1835 Revolution
L’acte noir de 1837 (1837 Black act)
After the black community demonstrations, riots and strikes of 1835-1836 and 1837, Prince Henri decided the introduction of a “Black Act” which had no consequences on the 1835 constitution. This decision appeared as a compromise and received a good reception by the black community.
The black act led to the creation of the Black Assembly, elected every 5 years by black male citizens. The assembly was located in Latrey. The black assembly had more or less the same powers and prerogatives as the Valoris Senate, applied to the black community. It had its own budget but no powers on international decisions, police, and land use.
This led to the development of a second national body of laws leading to complex situations.
In 1889, The Valoris Senate and the Black Assembly voted together a package of measures in order to ensure uniformity and consistency in decision-making in general law.
1899-1901: The Draband war
- A surprise attack
- Defeated on the land, victorious on the seas
- Treaty of Périgan
The Treaty of Perigan (Franquese: Traité de Périgan) was the peace treaty that brought Draband's war to an end. It was signed on 21 June 1901 in Périgan, two years after the beginning of the war.
The treaty stripped Broceliande of 6200 km2 of territory and 1.5 million people. All the Midi Islands remained in Broceliande. River Menange was recognised by both countries as the new international border.
1915-1919: a time of instability
The 1919 Constitution
The 1919 constitution had been adopted by the September 4th referendums (yes at 57% in the white college, yes at 92% in the black college) after the Holy-Friday cease-fire. These two referendums were the last election organized under the 1837 colleges system.
New Princess Eugénie presented the new constitution as “la constitution de l’égalité” (Equity Constitution): all its principles were written to guarantee equity between all the Broceliande citizens. The main evolutions in comparison with 1835-1837 constitution are:
- Introduction of universal suffrage (men, women, blacks, whites and mixed people) for every election, abolition of the back college and of the white college;
- Abolition of the Black Assembly and election of a unique national senate every 6 years;
- Secularism of all the national institutions especially schools and hospitals which were under the responsibility of the Church;
- Preservation of the Prince rights and prerogatives;
- Reinforcement of the municipalities prerogatives
The 1919 constitution had several other consequences in the Broceliande law:
- Women Equity Act (1922 State-Court decision leading to a Senate-Act in 1923)
- Criminalization of all kind of discrimnations based on race, religion and sexual orientation (1927 State-Court decision, 1929 Senate Act);
- marriage equity (1971 State-Court decision, 1974 Senate Act);
The 1919 constitution is still effective.
The population of Broceliande is approximately 12 million.
Broceliande has a high density population, principally on the northern and southern coasts and around the capital in the center of the country. The population is now highly urbanized. The main urban area is the Métropole de Troie-Charleville-Sansévérina before Valoris and Belleville.
1.5 million additional Broceliande citizens live in Compaglia, mainly in the province of Dranband (the Drabandins). They are the descendants of the people who remained in Draband after the Treaty of Périgan. The Drabandins have a Broceliande passeport, they are free to work and study in Broceliande but the can't participate to elections.
According to the 2010 general census, 65% of the Broceliande inhabitants describe themselves as "white", about 20% as "black" (mainly on the northern coast and in Valoris) and 15% as "mixed".
The official language of Broceliande is Franquese (Article 4 of the 1919 Constitution), which all of the population speaks. It is the only language used in newspapers, radio, television, education and for business and administrative purposes.
Broceliande guarantees universal, secular and free-of-charge public education for all levels. Responsibility for educational supervision is organized by the state.
Schools have been under the reponsibility of municpalities since 1919. Before they were under the responsibilty of the Church.
Education has been mandatory for every child until 14 years old since 1871, until 16 years old since 1964.
The biggest University and oldest of Brocéliande is "Université De Valoris". "Université de Belleville" is ranked among the best universities worldwide and hosts numerous foreign students.
Roman Catholicism is the country's predominant faith.
About 50% of the population followed Roman Catholicism; 10% Protestantism; 10% Judaism; 1% other religions; while 29% have no religion. According to a poll in 2009, the people of broceliande were found to have one of the the highest level of religious tolerance and to be the country where the highest proportion of the population defines its identity primarily in term of nationality and not religion.
Broceliande has been a parliamentary monarchy for 180 years (1835 revolution and 1919 constitution). Before 1835, the Prince and its government concentrated most of the power and there were no free elections.
Today, the senate has 401 members elected every 6 years. It is located in Valoris on Parliament hill.
The current composition of the senate results of the 2013 general elections. It led to the formation of a PSB/Ecolos/Démocrates government.
|Composition du Sénat de la Principauté de Brocéliande à la suite des élections générales de juin 2013|
|Force Ouvrière (FO) : 8 seats|
|Parti Communiste de Brocéliande (PCB) : 22 seats|
|Parti Socialiste de Brocéliande (PSB) : 151 seats|
|Les Ecolos : 21 seats|
|Les Démocrates : 56 seats|
|Union des Libéraux (UL) : 41 seats|
|Rassemblement Populaire (RP) : 91 seats|
|Front pour Brocéliande (FB) : 11 seats|
Broceliande is divided in 7 provinces. Each province is divided in municipalities.
|Iles du Midi||MI||Tassia||0.5 million|
|Valoris Capitale||VA||Valoris||2.5 million|
For details about embassies and international representations, see here.
Broceliande is ranked among the main tourist destination in the world. Broceliande features cities of high cultural interest, beaches, seaside resorts and rural regions.
Thanks to its climate, the country is an attractive destination all year round. Tourism infrastructures are generally good and easily accessible from an international airport or port. Some areas (Polignac, Lympie island or Sirmon) are specialized in the luxury tourism market.
The southern coast and its many islands is an important destination for cruise ships.
In 2015, the country hosted around 35 million tourists, which is about 2.7 times its national population (32 million in 2014). Tourism represents 15% to 20% of Broceliande’s GDP.
Transportation in Broceliande relies on one of the densest networks in Tarephia. It is built as a web with Valoris at its center.
Airports and airlines
There are several airports in Broceliande among which four provide international destinations:
- Aéroport de Maillot in Valoris
- Aéroport TCS in Troie
- Aéroport d'Occidanie in Belleville
- Aéroport de Tassia (Iles du Midi)
The national airline company is Brocelair (main hub in Valoris-Maillot and TCS).
There are only two national relations : Tassia-TCS and Tassia-Valoris.
The first railway line linked Valoris with Sansévérina in 1855. Railroads are operated by Chemins de Fer du Prince. The railway system is a small portion of total travel, accounting for less than 15% of passenger travel.
From 1985 onwards, a newly constructed high-speed line linked Valoris to Sansévérina. A new high-speed line is planned between Valoris and Belleville.
Trains, unlike road traffic, drive on the left.
There are no railways in the Midi Islands.
Roads and Motorways
Broceliande has a good road network.
Broceliande is believed to be one of the most car dependent countries in Tarephia . In 2005, 80% of vehicle kilometres were travelled by car and buses.
List of Motorways :
|Name||Start (Km 0)||Finish||Length (Km)||Construction||Comments|
|A1||Valoris||Troie||1951-1966||Named "Voie Expresse Ville-Marie" in Troie|
|A5||A7 (Belleville)||A20 (Belleville)||1962-1968||Belleville Ring|
|A7||Belleville||A1 (Camard)||1969-1974||A7a and A7b in Belleville|
|A8||A3 (Valoris)||Laplacée (frontière)||1974-1999|
|A9||Troie||Rochebrune (frontière)||1954-1962||Named "Voie Expresse Littoral" in Troie|
|A11||A1 (XXX)||A2 (XXX)||1980-1984|
|A15||A1 (XXX)||A51 (Rochetaillée)||1984-1989|
|A40||XX (frontière)||Villerville (frontière)||1972-1980|
|A61||A6 (Bourg-Depin)||A7 (Maisons-Garon)||1975-1978|
|A601||A61 (Bourg-Depin)||A6 (Bourg-Depin)||1976-1970|
|A701||A7 (Charleville)||Charleville||1969-1971||Access to central Charleville|
|A720||A7 (Combourg)||Sansévérina||1972-1974||Access to central Sansévérina|
|A901||A1 (Troie)||A9 (La Croix-Valmer)||1974-1979||A1-A9 junction|
|VE-VB||A1 (Troie)||A9 (Beaulieu)||1958-1962||A1-A9 junction named "Voie Expresse Van-Büren"|