|6, -51.172, 64.578|
|The Byri Empire of Calliesanyo and Associated Feifdoms|
Himbratura Byeriya Kalisaanya mek Ferenzakayen Kopolii
and largest city
|• Regional languages||Ingerish, Oderensian|
|76.2% Byri People|
|Government||Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy|
|• Monarch||Ariyenna V|
|• Secretary General||Kolecka Illonyatà|
|• Upper house||Josofureniya Sesika (Nobles House)|
|• Lower house||Kantonaiya Sesika (Cantonal House)|
|• Total||243107 km2|
|• Census (2013)||60,347,796|
|Currency||Calliesanyan Talinei (CTL)|
|Drives on the||left|
Calliesanyo (/kä.li.sɑˈɲo̞/ kah-lee-sahn-yo; Byri: Kalisaanyo), known domestically as Great Byria (Byri: Kohuu Byeriya), is a country on Harda Island, a part of the continent Antarephia. Calliesanyo bordered by the Kaithur Republic, Oderensia, Beligonia, Aiau, Pasalia, Roliqia, Tyski and Lyeffenor. Calliesanyo covers 242,599 square kilometres and has a population of 60 million. It is a unitary constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary legislature. Its capital and largest city, Sediimarkt, is a major economic hub with a population of over 5 million. The current monarch, who took the throne on 25 July, 2009, is Empress Ariyenna V. Historically, Calliesanyo was divided into # provinces, which were governed as a confederation of peer-nations. These provinces were officially unified in 1810, and were later dissolved entirely in 1959. Calliesanyo was a major colonial power; since 1959 all its colonial holdings had been granted independence with the exception of Kolangi, which revolted in 1994. Calliesanyo is a highly developed nation, and has a large globally connected economy. Calliesanyo is considered to be one of the world’s largest manufacturing centers, particularly in the sectors of electronics and consumer goods. Despite the loss of its colonial holdings, Calliesanyo is considered to be one of the world’s great powers, although it is one of the smallest of that group.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Government and Politics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Culture
- 8 See Also
- 9 References
The Byri word Kalisaanyo, meaning "holy grassland" was first recorded as a territorial moniker in a despatch between Empress Yolama of the Byris and the Konneitak of Savohaan in which Yolama describes the Byris as "the people of the holy grasslands".
The standard Ingerish spelling "Calliesanyo" was first used by explorer David Ecclesham, who mapped the coasts of Grand Harda Island in the early 1600s. Between 1845 and 1959, the Byri Imperial Court accepted "Calliesanyo" as the official Ingerish transliteration of the country's name, however following the Great War, a push to be recognised internationally as "Kalisaanyo" was made.
Domestically, the name "Kalisaanyo" is only used as a poetic name; instead the country is referred to as "Kohuu Byeriya" (Great Byria) in most instances.
Exploration and Colonization
Early 20th Century Calliesanyo
- See Also: Rose Revolution
In the 1910s and 20sm Calliesanyan government and society began to shift towards a more socialist view in what is now known as the Rose Revolution. The election of 1918 saw the first Labour party government in Calliesanyo’s history, leading to new social policies; Legalisation of labour unions and mandatory minimum wage (1919), Equal pay for equal work (1921), Ten-hour work days (1921), National health insurance (1923), Reform of pre-tertiary education (1925) and Voting rights for non-ethnic Byri citizens (1928).
Labour retained control of the Secretary General’s office until the election of 1930, when the Brightstar Party took control, following popular fears of colonial revolt due to growing inequalities between metropolitan Calliesanyo and its colonies.
The Great War and the Khaiwoon Accords
- Postwar changes and decolonisation
- Postwar changes and decolonisation
- See Also: The Kolangi War
In the late 1980s, Calliesanyo’s last remaining major colony, Kolangi, became embroiled in sectarian violence, which soon became a civil war over colonial status. From this conflict, two major factions emerged: the pro-independence Kolangi People’s Liberation Front (KPLA), and the pro-colonial Byrio-Kartumian National Army (BKNA). Initially, the Imperial Government was reluctant to involve itself in the conflict, with the hope that conflict would be resolved without intervention. However, by 1990, with pressure induced by the national media, the Calliesanyan Parliament resolved to begin military operations to quell the unrest in the colony.
This military operation, called “Operation Harmony”, began on 18 December 1990. The original plans for Operation Harmony called for combat operations to be complete by April 1991, however, Army command failed to consider the resolve of the pro-independence fighters, who used the Imperial intervention as a recruiting tool, amassing a force great enough to force the Imperial and BKNA troops into a stalemate. Between April 1991 and January 1993, the conflict front never moved more than 20 miles from its location as of March 1991.
In February 1993, the Kolangi People’s Liberation Front was granted admission into the Assembly of Nations. With AN membership, the KPLA requested third-party arbitration to resolve the conflict. For six months, the AN Special Committee on the Conflict in Kolangi debated, finally resolving for Kolangi to be put on a path to independence. On 20 August, 1993, the AN ceasefire began, and by January 1994, all Calliesanyan forces and administrators were evacuated from the country. The AN placed Kolangi under temporary administration of SomeRegionalPower,
As a result of the Kolangi conflict, many countries began pulling investments out of Calliesanyo throughout the 1990. During the resulting recession, numerous industrial facilities closed, most being internationally owned, causing unemployment to reach 12% in 1993. In order to rebuild the economy, Parliament passed measures to entice growth in domestic industry in 1994. By 1997, industrial production regained pre-conflict levels, largely driven by new domestic investments.
Government and Politics
Calliesanyo is a quasi-federal state under a constitutional monarchy. Empress Ariyenna V is the head of state, and while not officially head of government still holds considerable power in the governance of the nation. The Secretary General is the official head of government, and is selected by popular election. The Secretary General officiates the assembly of the Imperial Parliament, and presides over the Congress of Departments. Constitutionally, the Secretary General and the monarch share power in approving legislations passed by the Imperial Parliament.
The main legislative body in Calliesanyo is the Imperial Parliament, seated in central Sediimarkt. The Imperial Parliament is a bicameral legislature, consisting of the superior ‘Nobles House’ with 140 seats, filled by imperial grant of nobility, and the inferior ‘Cantons House’ 360 seats, elected proportionally every three years or when dissolved. The Cantons House is dominated by the socially liberal National Centrist Party and the conservative Brightstar Party.
By law, all elections in Calliesanyo are open to all citizens over the age of eighteen, and must be conducted through secret ballots.
Calliesanyo has a civil law system based on the Kodeka Byeriya, a legal codex dating from around 890 CE.
Calliesanyo is divided into 33 prefectures, each presided over by a Prefectural Secretary, legislature, and bureaucratic administration. Prefectures are further divided into Cantons, which oversee municipalities and unincorporated territory.
Military & Foreign Relations
Calliesanyo’s Armed Forces are divided into four branches; the Army, the Navy, the Air-Corps, and the Civilian Service. In 2010, there were 1.36 million active duty military personnel, including 280,100 Civilian Service members. Enlistment in the Armed Forces is required for all resident citizens between ages 18-25.
- Main article: Tereinanen Calliesanya
Science and Technology
According to the 2013 Census, approximately 85% of all Calliesanyans ascribe to the Kalisquian faith, the major native religion of the Byri ethnicity. Within the remaining 15%, majority religions include Ortholic Christicism and Sunnicism, with minority communities of Mengzo, Gautamic and Derkassy followers. Only 2% of Calliesanyans reported themselves as atheist, however community surveys have found that up to 36% of citizens may be atheist or agnostic.