|10, 0.5074, 88.7798|
|Free State of Cocus Island|
Fhugantreu i Aeli Cocus (Cocutian) , Freu Estati Isli Cocus (New Cocutian)
"The Beautiful Islands"
Vontren Hoenes (Ambitious Humans)
|Official languages||no official language|
|• National languages||Cocutian, New Cocutian, Ingerish, Zylandian and others|
|Ethnic Groups||Native Cocutian (%47), Cocus Islander/non-native Cocutian (%44), others (%9)|
|Demonym||Cocutian or Cocus Islander|
|Government||Parliamentary republic with direct democratic and socialist elements|
|• President||Mareg Pherny|
|• Prime Minister||Pari Myaniha|
|• Mayor||Issai Fefell|
|Legislature||Parliament of Cocus Island|
|Timezone||Cocus Time (COT) (+4), no summer time|
|Currency||Cocutian pound (CI£) (CIP)|
|Drives on the||right|
UNDER CONSTRUCTION - YET TO BE COMPLETED
Cocus Island (Aeli Cocus in Cocutian, Isli Cocus in New Cocutian), or Free State of Cocus Island (Fhugantreu i Aeli Cocus in Cocutian, Freu Estati Isli Cocus in New Cocutian) is a small island state at the southern end of Ulethan land mass and at the north of Asperic Ocean, just over the Equator line. With about 300.000 residents including many immigrants and a diaspora of over 6 million people, and despite its size, thanks to its favorable place and naval tradition, Cocus Island is an urbanized, multicultural and international city-state, a financial center and a transportation hub. A long-lasting elected socialist government, taxation policy, heavy involvement of government in economy, state ownership and subsidization of most services and infrastructure led Cocus Island to be called a "quasi-socialist" state, and "proudly can be counted a socialist, but not enough" by the first secretary of and the first-ever prime minister from Socialist Republican Party, Renn Mandamay.
At first a small tribe involved in fishing, isolation from continents helped Cocus Island become a kingdom and briefly dominate nearby islands. First contact with a continental trading power, Zylandians, happened in the end of 18th century, both sides signed the Cocutian-Zylandian Treaty of 1824, giving Zylandians ownership of a small portion of island, to be called Cocus Point later, for the purpose of building a port. The bitter relationship quickly turned to a friendly one, after the port became operational and Cocus Island saw a rapid economic growth and the rise of wealth. The contact with world brought the republican idea to the Island and in 1869, the ancient regime came to an end after 16 centuries and the events called "Republican Revolution" turned Cocus Island to a parliamentary democracy. The transition wasn't easy but since then, Cocus Island has never been in an external conflict, became one of the most asserted communities in the world, a safe haven for economy and welfare and a rare example of non-violent socialist takeover.
Originally, the island is called Haunacatta, meaning "in the middle of the sea" in Cocutian. Haunacatta is named Cocus after the most prominent town established in. The name Haunacatta still lives, the district Haunaceuy, north of the Old Town is named after Haunacatta, with Haunaceuy meaning town of sea.
Archaeological studies prove that humankind is present in Cocus Island for at least 10.000 years and settled primarily at Old Town, Wilshere and Ataceuy areas. Cocus Island has been settled as a result of mass migration from Ulethan mainland in around 8000 BC. It is believed that Cocutians discovered writing in the second century BC, thanks to continuing contact with mainland.
Medieval era: Loose Confederation to centralized Kingdom
Since 200 AD, people in Cocus are involved in fishing and naval trading. While internally not united at the terms of politics, tribes (fhumaells in Cocutian) originated from Ataceuy at the northwest of island and Cocus, now Old Town and Wilshere districts, supported a loose confederation with the interest on naval defense of the island against foreign threats and combining naval trade power. Otherwise, when it came to internal affairs the two main tribes of Ataceuy and Cocus and several others were not fighting nor cooperating with each other. The term Loose Confederation is officially used by the Cocutian Institute of Political History for referring the regime before the foundation of short-lived Kingdom.
The organization of loose confederation helped Cocus Island become a major player of Asperic naval trade and it caused Cocus to assert its soft power on the archipelago east of the island. The loose confederation abstained from territorial expansion and external conflicts, it makes Cocus Island a country with no significant territorial change at all since the beginning of history.
Political history of Cocus Island until the 19th century can be considered one of the dullest, because of some reasons:
- Loose Confederation had been successfully kept foreign threats away from Cocus, it made Cocus untouched by foreign cultures and helped Cocus develop a distinctive culture.
- Cocutians were actively trading and contacting with other civilizations, but Asperic Ocean was the most important obstacle, it made the contact hard for both Cocutians and other communities.
- Cocutians were hesitant to change the structure of Loose Confederation, because it was running properly. It kept whole of the political system relatively unchanged between 3rd century and 18th century, except some tribes gaining power and dominating others. Nevertheless, Cocus maintained peace in the medieval era and it made its impact on the Cocutian lifestyle.
Lifestyle of medieval Cocus Island
During that period, thanks to absence of external conflicts, Cocutians managed to develop their culture gradually.
Cocutian, a language isolate, became a literary language instead of a basic language only used for daily conversations. The first documents of folk stories and poetry are collectively recorded by ancient Cocutian historian Shenedench (?-310) and now kept in Museum of Imperial Complex in Old Town, Library of Cocutian University and Library of Parliament. The first literary products mentioned of ordinary Cocutian life, love, struggles of living, adventures of seamen and pirates, naval living and nature.
Cocutians developed their religion in the prehistoric era. Called Hohanarn or Hohanar, with no clear Cocutian meaning or translation, it is close to nature-worship and shamanism. It is based on the most prominent part of the Cocutian life, ocean. Ocean is considered holy, source of life and end of the life. While Hohanarn was believed widely by Cocutians, it haven't dominated the Cocutian culture, which has been secular.
Writers from abroad mentioned that living in Cocus is much easier than living in a mainland country, and people are more trustworthy than mainlanders. First records from foreign sources about Cocus mentioned of the island as an exotic, virgin island and land of happy people who enjoy the life.
19th century: Beginning of changes
Until 19th century, Loose Confederation worked well but it had its flaws too. Most countries wishing to trade and exchange diplomats made contact with Cocus fhumaell, it led Cocus to ignore other members of Loose Confederation and acted on behalf of all island. As the technology developed, distant places became closer and the wealth increased, Loose Confederation began to stutter.
Also, while Cocus expanded its trade networks, its port facilities were too old to cope with the increasing naval traffic and larger ships. Mainland countries had more possibilities and as the age of empires started, Cocus Island had also been targeted had contact with a mainland power, Zylanda, with a request.
Zylanda's most favorite trade partner was Latina, opposite of the Asperic Ocean and Cocus was suitable for Zylandian and Latinian fleets for a stopover. Zylandians requested a small portion of land next to Old Town, for the purpose of building of a modern port. The official request has been made in 1822. At first, this request is not welcomed by the island. Cocutian elite and establishment sided with Zylandian interests, emphasizing that the cooperation would be beneficial, having a new state-of-the-art harbor, allowing Cocus to be attached to Zylandian-Latinian trade network and creating new opportunities. Others defended a no-coop stance, comparing the request with a demand of colonization. This disagreement made the first Cocutian party system born, with no-coop defenders also labeling themselves as anti-establishments and Cocutian elite defending Zylanda, then Kingdom and then Republican Revolution until the 1960s.
By the time, the political system of Cocus had changed gradually, with the consolidation of fhumaell system, the number of fhumaells dropped to three, namely Cocus, the bright child of island, and neglected siblings Ataceuy and Haunaceuy. Ataceuy and Haunaceuy were bases of the anti-establishment movement, and as the Cocus became closer with Zylanda, the strife between sides escalated and the Loose Confederation came to an end. A short armed conflict happened in the autumn of 1823, resulting with the victory of anti-establisment coalition and loss of Cocutians and Zylandians.
With this momentum, anti-establishment side pushed for a new political system for their own benefit and Kingdom of Cocus was born in the first day of February, in 1824. With this agreement, anti-establishmentist fhumaell chiefs gave their positions up for the kingdom and the Cocutian king was allowed to keep his position in the new Kingdom too, however, the new Kingdom was founded as a consitutional monarchy, and this made his job harder. The first diplomatic agreement of the new Kingdom was with Zylanda, allowing them to have the Cocus Point land, east of the Temple neighborhood (now officially Saint Anthony), but also preventing Cocus to get in the Zylandian-Latinian sphere of influence, ensuring free and fair trade. The change of the anti-establismentists' policy and the common agreement and approval on Zylandian investment is credited to economical reasons.
In its short lifespan, the Kingdom has set the basic foundations and institutions for the Cocus Island, such as the Parliament, Mayoralty, ministries, the defence forces, the education system, such as the Cocutian University etc. Anti-establisment movement became the first political party ever in the Cocus, "People's Party" defended liberal policies, and also maintained an anti-elitist stance. Establishment side evolved into The Conservative Party, defending Cocutian Kingdom and conservatism. Progressive politicians were common in both political parties, with the effect of mass immigration to Cocus Island. People's Party was more popular than the conservatives, dominating the first elections made in 1825, securing the majority in a bipartisan assembly, 34 versus 16.
Opening of the Zylandian port became a major milestone for Cocus, proving its effects and consequences in every aspect of life, not only but including economy, international relations, politics, lifestyle and demography. In a decade after the opening of the port, a mass influx of immigrants targeted Cocus Island, increasing the pre-Kingdom population, 25.000, more than five-fold in 30 years. An unseen crowdedness in Cocutian land and if not the biggest, one of the most dense migration movement to such a small territory resulted in increasing deforestation, pollution, political turmoil and cultural consequences.
to be continued