Iola

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Iola
Qolna (Independent City)
CountryMauretia
 • ProvinceMassaeya
DemonymIoloi
Government
 • Maire (Mayor)Esre Viyaserhala
Area
 • Total
 • Urban
 • Rural
Elevation25 m
Population
 • Estimate (2014)775,641
 • Census (2013)773,908
Websiteiola.gu.mm

Qolna ar Massaeya Iola, or simply Iola is the largest city Mauretia and principal city of the capital region. As of 2013, it had a population of 773,908. It is the hub city of the combined Iola–Qasarena metropolitan area, with a population of 1.8 million. Iola is situated on the northern shore of La Kaufama, immediately opposite a small strait from the capital city, Qolna Mauretana. Although the two islands of the capital are the official seat of government, Iola is an institutional hub for the country. Most governmental offices, embassies, and international organizations are located within the city. Iola is also the economic hub of Mauretia, as it houses the majority of economic bureaus and exchanges, media outlets, and all but two of the ten largest companies in the nation.

Iola is one of the oldest cities in Mauretia. It was founded by Fonetai tribes during their initial settlement of the Li Tabrea coastline. The original settlement was chosen because of a natural harbor, protected from the sea by being set inside La Kaufama and between two large hills. The city grew in importance during the Romantish period but competed with Qasarena, which was constructed by the merchants across the strait. Nevertheless, it remained a major trading center even after the collapse of the Romantish society. During Maureti unification, Iola was pacified and rebuilt as a major port. The capital was located in nearby Sansu Andaros li Apostili before ultimately being relocated to Qolna Mauretana. Due to the proximity of the capital, the city thrived as an economic and cultural nexus.

History

Iola was first established on the northern shore of La Kaufama in the sixth or fifth century BC by Fonetai tribes in migration. The exact date of establishment has been lost, and little remains from the original settlement. In the second century BC, Romantish merchants conquered the city and integrated it into their merchant state. The city culturally and even economically resisted Romantization, so the merchants established Qasarena opposite Iola, on the southwestern shore of the ria. Iola remained important during this time period but was smaller than its Romantish neighbor. The Christic movement was introduced during this time period, and the first church was built. The Qatedrala Sansa Ludia (Saint Lydia Cathedral), although its third building, has remained in continuous operation. Since then, the city has been the seat of the archbishop of Iola, whose ecclesiastical province contains all of central Massaeya. The Great Eastern Ulethan Collapse greatly diminished the importance of Romantish Qasarena, whereas the more cosmopolitan Iola thrived. It became the gathering place of many peoples across the peninsula. The city expanded, was fortified, and became independent.

Iola remained independent for the fifth and sixth centuries, as the commanding city of the entire coastline from Abaya Kenedla north to the Bisqur Bay. It periodically skirmished with the Tasa Kingdom over control of the Fluva As-Sava. These battles never evolved into full-scale war. The general peace and stability brought economic success to Iola. In 631, King Akasil besieged the city in his attempt to unify the regional powers under his control. The city resisted his army and was a more superior naval force. The first siege failed, but Akasil tried a second time in 632 and again in 634. During the siege of 634, Princess Daya was attempting to broker a peace treaty that would unify the Ioloi kingdom with the newly coalescing Mauroi state. King Akasil died in battle as the city walls were being breached in August of that year. As the new queen, Daya did not want to see the city destroyed by the marauding army. She quickly pushed a peace treaty to spare the city. Under the terms of the treaty, Iola was absorbed into the new state and retained all its rights. The city would be repaired and facilities expanded. Queen Daya later moved her capital to the area of Iola called Sansu Andaros li Apostili. As the centerpiece of the Mauroi kingdom, Iola continued to grow and prosper. By the thirteenth century, it was one of the richest and most economically powerful cities along the coastal areas of Li Tabrea.