Kojo

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Kojo (kodʑo) is an unitary, parliamentary and constitutionally democratic republic located in the south-east of Uletha, bordering the Sound of Pa in the south and Ataraxia in the west.

Despite a history dating back to the stone age, Kojo itself came into being as a unified nation state only in 1668.

Kojo introductiory text.png
Kojo ja Uleta so akudyong bue, aku máre Tamanyumi fā, limbē máre Atarakkusī fā kokkyōyu assoldaeki, hakkedaeki, sāmahandodaekimen demomínzudaeki jōbunmyeru ku.

Karetaki hyeto lishi kāwaryuzu, Kojo tte assol'yora'e azaggumyeru 1668 [kau-wera-tōku-wera-cchen-uttari] ní yéri aruemeru.

7, 36.129, 118.312
Republic of Kojo
Kojo Jōbun-Myeru
Kojojobunmyeru.png
Flag
Flag
Capital
and largest city
Pyingshum
Official languagesKojoshi
DemonymKojolese
GovernmentParliamentary Republic
LegislatureJōbunhakke
Area
 • Total293065.37 km2
Population
 • Census (2014)37,500,000
 • Density128/km2
GDP (PPP)2014
 • Total1,494,375,000,000 Int$
 • Per capita39,850 Int$
GDP (nominal)2014
 • Total33,607,500,000,000 Zubi
 • Per capita896200 Zubi
HDI (2015)0.903
very high
Timezone+7 h (no summer time)
CurrencyZubi
Drives on theright

Geography and Climate

Elevation map of Kojo
Prairies in western Kojo, mostly in Lainyerō-iki
Mountain valley somewhere between Donzomi and Busakyueng, in Kyoélnain-iki
Beach on an eastern portion of the coast, in Cheryuman-iki
farm land at the river Kime, north of Leshfyomi-sul

In the south Kojo's coast at the Sound of Pa is mostly flat, featuring many sand and pebble beaches. In the north there are mountains up to more than 4000 m height. These mountains flatten out to the south into low mountain ranges.

Kojo's climate can be considered temperate, ranging from open and flat prairies and grassland in the west, fertile farmland irrigated by the river Kime and its influxes in middle of the country, to dense forest in the low mountain ranges as well as in the very east and lofty mountains with snow all year round in the very north.

History

Various tribes without apparent cultural connections or language had lived in parts of today's Kojo since the stone age. There have been various findings of ancient tools and cave drawings as well as primitive clothing. Earliest housing and farming facilities found date back to around 9,000 b.c.

470-876 Early medieval ages - Edo-Kyómre Darasushan

The symvanist church was formally founded in 856/858.

876-1620 Late medieval ages - Yoyomryi Darasushan

The late medieval ages are marked by a consolidation of the Gitaenhōlyuē faith, its spread across the country and the cultural dominance, albeit not political leadership, of the Zerka Kingdom and its capital Yoyomi. Originally founded as a military camp, later a citadel town to fend off the eastern kingdoms, the city grew continuously and reached 46,000 inhabitants by the middle of the 15th century.

The Thousand Kingdoms' War and Kojolese unification

Up to around 1620, the area of today's Kojo was a rag rug of small kingdoms and principalities.

The countless small conflicts then escalated, and in 1620 the whole country was in state of civil war; additionally, a great famine forced huge parts of the population in the area of today's Kojo and immediate surroundings to flee and relocate, mingling languages and culture. As a result, all political structures were disrupted, and only few kings were able to stay in charge of their kingdoms or principalities. Things slowly settled down, while the survivors of the big migration wave started to build their new lives and new political structures arouse where the former sovereign lost control.

In the early 1630's, the King in charge of today's Pyingshum and the area around it, King Surb Rēkku from the Pyilser-krun'a Dynasty, which happened to do quite well economically and influentially after the wave, intensified his aspiration to gain more control over the other kingdoms in the area, and his family's kingdom slowly rose in power. In 1622, 4 years into his reign and at the age of 20, he had married 18 years old Chihaya Nabunga, daughter of the Hopponese leader Ato Nabunga and his concubine, or rather co-empress, Queen Riya. Riya was the king's favourite and therefore most wealthy concubine, which lead to her daughter being known as "the vein princess". The Hopponese leader hoped that the marriage would improve general political stability in the north; marrying his daughter to the Pyilser-krun'a Dynasty, he gambled that Surb Rēkku would be able to unify the area of today's Kojo. Eventually in 1668, 4 years before his death, an area quite similar to today's Kojo was unified by the King and his Hopponese wife, and Pyingshum became the new country's capital.

High Pyilser-krun'a Dynasty

The country entered a phase called "High Pyilser-krun'a Dynasty", which was marked by a large draw of administration, science and trade to the new nation's capital, where it flourish. Also, the marriage to Hopponese royalty not only had a vast influence on rules and rites in the royal court itself, but also drew, in addition to the already quite extensive court society, a considerable number of Hopponese admirers who followed their beloved Chihaya and settled down in Kojo permanently. This had a large impact on the the Kojolese language. Over the course of the centuries, all the different cultures and languages that came with and got disrupted by the big migration wave had merged completely, resulting in modern Kojo's relatively uniform culture and language. This process was accelerated by the fact, that during the time directly after the wave there weren't any ethnical or cultural majorities in certain parts of the country. Today's Kojolese is based on the language spoken around medieval Pyingshum when it gained importance as the first capital of a united Kojo, but was so heavily influenced and enriched by the other Kojolese languages that came with the big migration wave that it doesn't bear any obvious resemblance with its ancient ancestor.

Overthrow of the monarchy

As the first vibe of industrialization swept through the country, social problems became apparent. After decades of constant decline in health and working condition, the people were dissatisfied with their extravagant and incompetent ruler's way of spending enormous amounts of money on splendour and luxury, and finally overthrew the monarchy violently, but without much resistance from the military, which had its own plans, in 1828. Surb-Racchi was executed, and the following years were marked by struggle between the democratic movements and the military, at times under civil-war like conditions.

After 6 years of struggle, partial military dictatorship and social unrest, a semi-democratic constitution was written and proclaimed in 1834.

Phase of the 1st constitution (1834-1939)

It took several years for the effects of the democratic revolution in Pyingshum to spread through the country and reach even the more distant regions. One reason was that the new order left the local governors previously appointed by the King in power, and they had little reason to change their local administration. However the new centralistic did not intend to prolong the tradition of granting the post of governor to the previous office holder's descendant, but instead aimed for local administrations more closely aligned with the national government. Throughout the first decades of the new rule, many local chiefs resisted this slow transfer of power away from hereditary rule and abolition of nobleness, which caused a number of state crisis's and even small armed conflicts. However, by the late 1860's, the last hereditary local ruler was replaced by a bureaucratic chief administer appointed by the central government for 8 years, with a maximum of 2 terms. This achievement was aided by the rapid growth of railways, which, besides being the driving force behind industrialisation, enabled the government to more effectively control the regional administrations.

The second half of the 19th century was, politically, marked by further consolidation of power in the capital Pyingshum. Economically industrialisation now was transforming industry at a rapid pace and drew the masses towards the city. Urban landscapes were transforming, and social norms and ideals were shifting. Religious adherence plummeted, and by the turn of the century less than half of the population was describing themselves as active performers of Symvanism.

Phase of the 2nd constitution (1939-today)

The political system of Kojo experienced a rivalry between the two posts of the president and his chancellor in the early 20th century, as the office of Chancellor was continuously expanding its power and influence, while still formally subordinated to the president. As the chancellor had to be approved by parliament, president and chancellor often were from different ends of the political spectrum, and the only thing the president could do was to dissolve parliament and schedule reelections. When between 1928 and 1939 there were a total of 9 reelections, it was decided that to guarantee a funtioning government there would have to be a major redraft of political structure. Under the new system, the chancellor was now a post independent from the president, and only elected by the parliament. The president was reduced to a merely representative figure.

With The flooding of Kalaē in 2008 Kojo experienced the nation's deathliest natural disaster of the 21st century, with an official death toll of 2,268.

Politics

Current seat distribution in the Jōbunhakke

Main Article: Political system of Kojo

Kojo is an unitary, parliamentary and constitutional republic. The government is divided into three branches, the legislature, an executive, and a judiciary, as laid out in the Constitution of the Republic of Kojo[1]

The legislature is represented in the Jōbunhakke, the nation's parliament. It's a one chamber parliament and elected by the people via proportional representation. It serves many functions, such as issuing laws, electing the Gankakuchō (Chancellor), and providing half of the presidential convention that elects the Gozóngchō (President).

The Gankakuchō (Chancellor) is the head of government. He or she works in the Gankakuchō so Hyosilwe (Chancellery). The Chancellor appoints the rest of the government, namely the ministers, by formally suggesting them to the President, who then has to appoint them. The Chancellor is traditionally the most influential single person in the state, since he or she defines the guidelines of inner and foreign policy.

The Gozóngchō (President) is head of state for formal purposes. His or her work composes of mostly representative tasks. For example, the President is the highest representative of the state, appoints Ambassadeures, has to sign laws to formally implement them, and is a last instance of check for constitutionality in general. He resides in the Gozóngchō so Jaesan (Presidential Mansion).

The courts, forming the judiciary, are independent. The highest court, as for example the supreme court, are even situated in the small town of Igilaē, to physically represent their constitutional distance from the other branches of government.

One rather unique feature of the Kojolese political system is the emphasis on a strict border between the government and "The administration". The administration is often cited as the 4th division of power. While the government is mostly focused on policy making in the different departments, these policies are then executed by the agencies. Most agencies (with the notable exception of for example the secret services, other military business etc.) are, despite being created, funded, and bound by instructions by the central government, technically independent from them. The administration is based on the mostly powerless Ikis, and despite all personell of these regional administrative bodies being directly appointed by the central government, the non-policy-making administration is much like a parallel world to politics, and enjoys some very limited and strictly defined scope of action granted by the constitution.

Demographics

Cities and Settlements

Kojo's population is highly concentrated in the country's major urban areas, with 27 630 000 (73,7%) of its 37 500 000 inhabitants living in cities proper of 100 000 or larger, and nearly a quarter in the country's capital alone.

City name inhabitants comment Region
Pyingshum 8,230,000 capital and primate city Pyingshum-iki
Finkyáse 2,930,000 famous for culture, art and science. Fóskiman-iki
Kippa 1,820,000 important manufacturing centre Gyoéng'guffe-iki
Jaka 1,210,000 important international harbor Pacchipyan-iki
Kwaengdō 1,190,000 coastal holiday destination Cheryuman-iki
Toribiri 950,000 in the mountains, some winter sports, mining and forestry Nainchok-iki
Yoyomi 920,000 very specialised event service industry Wāfyeíkko-iki
Busakyueng 840,000 Kyoélnain-iki
Womenlū 780,000 Fóskiman-iki
Wenzū 650,000 DentoHeadquarter Wāfyeíkko-iki
Manlung 590,000 regional centre for the sparsely populated west Lainyerō-iki
Oreppyo 580,000 Lainyerō-iki
Hetta 440,000 Pacchipyan-iki
Toefyei 400,000 Receiver of the title "Kojo's most boring city" for 8 years in a row Degyáhin-iki
Kahyuemgúchi 370,000 Pyingshum-iki
Nároggul 355,000 Chin'yaku-iki
Donzomi 340,000 Famous city for sanatoriums and health resorts Kyoélnain-iki
Tsuyenji 325,000 Cheryuman-iki
Geryong 320,000 Centre of Sappaér-iki, bordering Ataraxia Sappaér-iki
Ántibes 280,000 Fóskiman-iki
Ojufyeng 260,000 Pacchipyan-iki
City name inhabitants comment Region
255,000 Historic town on hillside, holy city of the faith Gitaenhōlyuē Rō-iki
Kari 255,000 Degyáhin-iki
Īme 240,000 Chin'yaku-iki
Godan 235,000 Fóskiman-iki
Unzai 230,000 Valley city with large landmark-bridge Kyoélnain-iki
Leshfyomi-sul 225,000 Chin'yaku-iki
Kimelíngsan-shu 215,000 Gyoéng'guffe-iki
Asaka 210,000 Gyoéng'guffe-iki
Formajiá 200,000 Pyingshum-iki
Igilaē 195,000 Seat of Kojo's highest courts Gyoéng'guffe-iki
Tinglyū 175,000 Chin'yaku-iki
Chin-Jōrin 150,000 Nainchok-iki
Arákkanai 145,000 Wāfyeíkko-iki
Laófil 135,000 Pyingshum-iki
Shangmē 135,000 Nainchok-iki
Láoféi 130,000 Gyoéng'guffe-iki
Yamatsuma 120,000 Strong chemical industry Lainyerō-iki
Umishiro 115,000 Cheryuman-iki
Manman 110,000 Lakeside town, famous for wine Chin'yaku-iki
Makalasueng 105,000 Kyoélnain-iki
Jippun 105,000 Lainyerō-iki
Sabakusama 100,000 surrounded by gravel pits Lainyerō-iki

Blue background indicate seats of the regional administration.

Immigrant Population

Kojo had a slow but steady influx of immigrant over the last century, from neighboring countries as well as from places far away.

Religion

Full article: Gitaenhōlyuē The native Kojolese religion is called Gitaenhōlyuē (from ancient Rōlese "gitenaly", "knowledge"), or Symvanism in Ingerish (from ancient Greek [ogf-vers?] "συμβάν" "symván", "event, happening"). Kojolese people tend not to be very religious. Since the 18th century, the Kojolese faith was in decline. Most temples today are only preserved for preservation's sake, only about 0.6% (225.000) of all Kojolese still pray to the Kojolese Gods and Goddesses. A notable exception is the city , where 37% (70.300) of the city's population still claim to worship this faith. Out of the 9.8% of the total population who claim to "attend to a religion", the other 9.2% are people with migration background that still hold the believe of their home country or parents.

The origins of the Symvanist faith are difficult to pin down; it's roots can be found as early as in some tribal rites and traditions in the 2nd and 3rd century A.D. The oldest written records are from the 9th century, and the centralist organised religious community can be traced back to about the same time. There are three basic theological principles of the faith: the concept of veneration of events and places (instead of saints), the idea that the Creation was not an act by a God but rather that the universe just spontaneously came into existence, and that the Gods and Goddesses were either an instant and by natural law inevitable byproduct (the higher Gods), or came into existence later each due to a magnificent event, like the Creation of earth (the immediate Gods).

Other Statistics

The birth rate is at 1.56 children per women, much less than the 2.1 needed for a maintaining the current population. The total population however remained mostly constant since decades, due to immigration outnumbering emigration.

Infrastructure

National motorways

There are two classes of national motorways. Gimbye Kōfogótsu (lit. Gimbye Highclass road, after the politician Maldo Gimbye who leaded the construction of the nation's first motorways) are numbered like "G 1", "G 4", "G 13" etc. and are tagged as a motorways on the map. They pose as the highest road class in Kojo and by stipulation are required to have at least 3 lanes for each directions as well as a structural barrier separating the different directions from each other. The general speed limit is 160 km/h, although the recommended speed lays at 130 km/h and about half of the network is imposed with designated speed limits.

The secondary network, the Chel Zóngtsūfogótsu (lit. Regional main through roads) is numbered like "C 1", "C 4", "C 13" etc. and is tagged as trunk roads on the map. Although often developed with similar structures as the motorways, these roads narrow down to two lanes much more frequently, have slightly narrower lanes, and the structural barrier often consists of only a middle purlin. The general speed limit is 120 km/h, but similar to the motorways local speeding restrictions may apply.

Both types of motorways mentioned above are tolled, besides a small number of excluded (usually very short, stand-alone) sections. The table below gives a quick overview over the fees. The gross vehicle weight allowance determined the weight class. The toll can be paid at all kinds of places, such as government offices, rest places and many more. The driver then receives a badge which has to be put against a designated spot on the wind shield. When entering or exiting a highway, these are scanned from above. If a vehicle without a badge is detected, the highway patrol is informed and might chase the vehicle. Fines are very heavy, and also include penalties such as suspension of one's drivers' license. If a vehicle leaves a tolled motorway a short time after the badge exceeded it's time, but traffic on the roads were heavy, lenience is granted. Most regular drivers opt for the popular option for a permanent badge that is linked to an account, and the toll is charged automatically according to the most favourable rate. 1 Zubi = 0.0435 Int$, 1 Int$ = 23 Z

Weight Class
Time
bikes <2.8 t 2.8-3.5 t 3.5-7.5 t
2 h 20 35 45 135
1 day 35 60 80 240
10 days 100 160 220 660
2 months 375 620 850 2550
1 year 1350 2200 3000 9000

Trucks of more than 7.5 tonnes pay a special toll, with a system reliant on automatic GPS collection. The toll per km can vary between 3.2 to 9.5 Zubi/km, depending on the vehicle's weight class and emission standard.

Additionally to the tolls imposed on motorways car keepers pay a regular motor vehicle tax, which is determined solely by emissions per km travelled.

Railways

network overview (rough sketch)

The backbone of the country's rail network is the IC, the InterCity. It's a conventional high speed train system, employing the same THC technology as Ataraxia. It reaches speeds up to 320 km/h in regular operation. 34 cities are served by the IC network, and from 32 of those passengers can reach Pyingshum without any further transfer. The CityConnect is a slightly downgraded version of the IC. It offers short cut routes between large cities not directly connected by the IC and serves some additional medium sized cities at speeds up to 260 km/h.

The secondary passenger rail network is called the KC, Kūyú-chegicha (Regional Rail). Its Express variant KCP operates at speeds up to 200 km/h, and the regular KC at up to 120 km/h.

Inter-city rail in general is the most common mean for transportation of passengers in between cities in Kojo, with domestic air travel being traditionally weak and most of the time only used for connecting to international flights via Pyingshum International Airport or other major airports in the country.

These types of railway services are provided by the mostly state-owned Kojo Hyengshō Sanan.

Some cities, most notably Kippa, have an Ésubān system. These are suburban commuter railway lines that link the the suburbs to the city centre. In many cities, high frequency KC services with a very close stopping distance fulfill that role. A railway system is only called Ésubān in Kojo, when on one hand it only runs on separate tracks, while on the other hand is not defined as a metro system or coined a different term (like the Papáta Huwochē in Pyingshum).

Airports and air traffic

(rough sketch)

Kojo's largest airport and hub for nearly all intercontinental flights is Pyingshum International Airport. There are 4 additional international airports, by Finkyáse, Jaka, Yoyomi and Kippa. The cities of Manlung, Womenlū, Oreppyo, Wenzū, Busakyueng, Kwaengdō, Toefyei and Toribiri feature regional airports that offer domestic flights and routes to large airports in neighbouring countries. The country's domestic airline KojAir currently is the only airline offering domestic connections connections in the country.

Administration

For the main article, including in-depth explanation of the different types of subdivisions as well as a comprehensive listing, please see Administrative divisions in Kojo

Kojo is a unitary republic, with a very low level of regional self-governance, and only on Sur-level. The following list lists all 13 regions in Kojo with their name, population, size, population density, largest cities and postcodes.

Name of Iki Population Area km² (land) Pop. Density in./km² Largest cities OGF relation
Pyingshum-Iki 11,200,000 11,669 959.8 Pyingshum, Kahyuemgúchi, Formajiá, Laófil border
Kyoélnain-iki 1,815,000 41,170 44 Busakyueng, Donzomi, Unzai, Makalasueng border
Cheryuman-iki 2,767,000 6,067 456 Kwaengdō, Tsuyenji, Umishiro border
Degyáhin-iki 755,000 23,198 32.5 Toefyei, Kari border
Nainchok-iki 1,355,000 36,288 37.3 Toribiri, Chin-Jōrin, Shangmē border
Sappaér-iki 610,000 7,501 81 Geryong border
Fóskiman-iki 5,095,000 7,920 643.3 Finkyáse, Womenlū, Ántibes, Godan border
Lainyerō-iki 3,105,000 104,755 30 Manlung, Oreppyo, Yamatsuma, Jippun, Sabakusama border
Pacchipyan-iki 3,013,000 3,144 958 Jaka, Hetta, Ojufyeng border
Rō-iki 255,000 72.8 3,502.7 border
Wāfyeíkko-iki 2,575,000 13,740 187.4 Yoyomi, Wenzū, Arákkanai border
Chin'yaku-iki 2,080,000 16,947 122.7 Nároggul, Īme, Leshfyomi-sul, Tinglyū, Manman border
Gyoéng'guffe-iki 3,320,000 19,321 172 Kippa, Kimelíngsan-shu, Asaka, Igilaē, Láoféi border

Economy

Kojo has a diversified market economy. It's main exports are services, manufactured goods, especially a comparatively small array of highly specialised high-tech niche products, as well as a number of high-value agricultural products.

The living standard across Kojo is relatively even, as well as the median income. Outliers to the top are the capital Pyingshum, Fóskiman-iki around Finkyáse with a very developed service industry and Pacchipyan-iki around the harbour city of Jaka. On the other end, the former industrial heart of the nation, Kippa, is still recovering from far-reaching structural change, and rural areas such as Lainyerō-iki and Degyáhin-iki can be found at the bottom of the table as well, simply because these regions lack large urban centres of over-regional significance.

The Pyingshum Stock Exchange is the country's main stock exchange.

The country's wealthiest family by far is the Dencho family, who all together hold 67% of shares of Dento, the nation's most highly valued company. The 7 current heirs occupy position 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 9 of the list of the top 10 richest people in Kojo.


Currency

Front of the lowest paper bill, 100Z, portraying the Arc of Unity in Pyingshum

The currency in Kojo is called "Zubi". There is no further subdivision of the Zubi into a smaller unit. The following tables show all denominations issued by the Kojolese Central Bank (Kojo Zóngshin-weibyaeng), whether it is a coin or a paper bill, what it portrays on the back and front and what these images are supposed to represent:

Value Form Front Back
1 Coin Only number for the value Small tree
2 Coin Only number for the value Small tree
5 Coin Only number for the value Small tree
10 Coin Number with Globe in the background, cosmopolitanism National coat of arms, patriotism
20 Coin Number with Globe in the background, cosmopolitanism National coat of arms, patriotism
50 Coin Number with Globe in the background, cosmopolitanism National coat of arms, patriotism
100 Bill Arc of Unity (Dyenféi Kō) in Pyingshum, unity Scene of Mountains in the background with a river meandering to the foreground, resembling the diversity in Kojo's landscapes (mountains, rivers, semi-desert, forest, farmland, coast)
200 Bill Kids in a Kindergarten, pupils in a classroom, students in a lecture, education Elderly resting in a garden, helping some adults with planting, being cared for, respect for the elderly
500 Bill Soldiers in a battlefield, war Wide landscape with villages scattered across; people come together to celebrate, peace
1,000 Bill Ancient cave drawings showing stone tools from the stone age, history Stylised scientific instruments, progress
5,000 Bill King Surb Rēkku, unifier of the country, with his wife "the vein princess" Chihaya Nabun'ga from Hoppon, Hopponese influence Map of Kojo, unity and sovereignty
10,000 Bill Symbolic group of people, standing for the people's uprising in 1834 and the democratic revolution, democracy The original copy of the constitution, with key words in large print, core values and constitutionality

The current exchanges rates as of September 2016 are: 1 Zubi = 0.0435 Int$, 1 Int$ = 23 Z

Electricity

The current per-capita electricity consumption lays at 22 kwh per day. That amounts to a national consumption of 321 twh per year [note: population TBC]. Kojo relies on a broad mix of energy sources, 33% of which are renewable:

  • Natural Gas, 31%
  • Coal, 18%
  • Nuclear, 17%
  • Hydro electric, 15%
  • Solar, 11%
  • Wind, 5%
  • Other (geothermal, biomass, oil), 3%

There are 16 large or medium gas power stations (>100 MW), many hydroelectric power stations, 10 coal power plants, 5 nuclear power stations, solar parks as well as countless small attachments on roofs and large off-shore wind parks (on-shore facilities only play a minor role in the west).

Education

Schooling career

Kojo offers free education to all of its citizens. Visiting a school is mandatory up to the age of 16. Most parents (~85%) send their 3-6 year-olds to public Kindergarten. From the age of 5 1/2 to 6 1/2, children enter Káurēbi (Primary school). Primary school lasts 5 years. From grade 6 to 9 (4 more years) the pupils then visit Midirēbi (Middle School). After Middle school, the around 15 year old students decide whether they want to enter Zukkyamlu (Vocational School) or continue to Shōminagara (similar to High school).

At a vocational school, students are introduced to job life while still visiting school on a half-day basis. Depending on the chosen training, they leave the Zukkyamlu after 2 to 4 years. Students who choose to attend Shōminagara pass through another 2 years of education, before they choose whether they now want to leave school and enter the work force with the option of visiting a limited number of subjects at university later on after a few years of job experience, or remain in school for 2 last years (grade 12 and 13). After finishing these 2 last years and passing the end of the year exam in year 13, students are allowed to every single subject universities offer, sometimes though limited by a certain average-grade threshold for very popular or demanding subjects. This score is calculated by weighting the results of year 12 at 1/4, the results of year 13 at 1/3 and the results of the final exam at 5/12.

Higher education

Public universities (Ōnagara) is generally tuition free. About 5% of students study at private universities. The most prestigious national university ranking is the BMS University Ranking, which, amongst others, ranks universities in specific fields of study as well as endorsing outstanding research clusters. Currently only public universities are included in that ranking.

Most subjects of study are either offered on a X (Bachelor, usually 3 years) and X (Masters, an additional 2 years) basis, or in some cases are only offered as a straight 5 years programme resulting in the title X (Diploma). Students studying towards their first X are classified as Undergraduates, students studying towards their first X are referred to as Graduates, and researchers with a X degree working towards a doctorate or similar are identified as Post-Graduates.

Universities are usually divided into 3 - 9 faculties, each of which deals with a broad range of related subjects.

The following list contains all public institutions of tertiary education in Kojo:


City Name Location Date Students Undergrads Grads Post-grad Faculties BMS rankings General Notes
Pyingshum Ginjin Ōnagara Various Campi in Pyinghshum 1677/1837/1894 256,900 139,100 98,500 19,100 7 1st "Law and business", 3rd "Social sciences", "Medicine", "Art, music, design"; Clusters: "Combined Intercultural Communication and Research Institutions", "Ginjin Centre for Domestic and International Business and Economics" Largest Kojolese university
Jaka Chuso Azugáki-Folajji East of New town (PH node) 1786 27,050 14,100 10,950 2,000 4 Cluster: "Competitive Sport, Education and Research Region Kime Delta" Very autochthonous uni with 4 competing houses
Jaka Tampo-Joelgue Ōnagara New town (PH node) 1806 15,650 12,050 3,450 250 X
Rō Tōchuekyana Ōnagara
Yoyomi Yoyomi Ōnagara 1888 34,000
Yoyomi Yoyomi Gigyōnagara 1935 22,000
Graduates from tertiary education by field of study
Field Number of students % of students
social/business sc., law, economics 30.1
health & soc. services 18.8
engineering, manufacturing & construction 18.2
arts and humanities 12.0
nat. sciences, math &IT 11.5
teacher-training 9.3

Diplomatic Relations

Kojo maintains diplomatic relations with many partner countries and international organisations. The following table lists all diplomatic missions in Kojo:

automatic table from external data
The following data has been retrieved from this URL, using the External Data MediaWiki extension. Because the "query" is cached on the server, the server-side cache needs to be purged to get most up-to-the-second results. To purge the cache, use the "Refresh" link Refresh
Foreign embassies and consulates in Pyingshum
Nation Ambassador Address and location Notes Map
{{Tárrases}} Bernardo Domepossemet Shoséndael-Mangu-michi 7, Gankakuchō-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo Consulate only OGFmapicon.png map
{{Jefferson}} James Burbank Freedom-Road 76, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Khaiwoon}} - Igyoen-Yáyajol-michi 6, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo To enter side street as a non-resident one must hold a Khaiwoonese passport; "Excellence in Relaxation" hotel caters only to those individuals. OGFmapicon.png map
{{Neberly}} - Sátarditué-daitō X, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
Hoppon - Mēonra Nobun'ga Kamul Gúwan 3, Kūtokkyaen-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo Next to the first permanent bridge in Pyingshum, Mēonra Nabun'ga Kamul from 1668. Official diplomatic representation of Hoppon to Kojo since "The vein princess" Nobun'ga from Hoppon married into the Pyilser Dynasty in 1622, current building from 1668. OGFmapicon.png map
{{Wiwaxia}} Alicia Ribband Hōrōken-tásu-sol X, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo Features an comparatively extensive garden OGFmapicon.png map
{{Montran}} Hugh Trotter Fyaengzu-taryou-michi 7, Gankakuchō-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Østermark}} Jonas Halldén Jugyaru-sol X, Kami so Kuruchi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Řots}} Ms Bīveřpi Tontet Ōka Sandō-michi 19, Ōnagara-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Ardisphere}} Mercurio Ma Mējiki-daitō X, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo Ardispherian diplomatic registry E-022 OGFmapicon.png map
{{Aorangëa}} - Aóran'gaē-toku 10, Lí-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Balam-Utz}} - Balam-Utz-michi X, Gankakuchō-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Draco}} - Hiki-michi 18, Gankakuchō-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Latina}} - Dorejji-michi 1, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Mergany}} - Rerefuewang-kesha X, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Pretany}} - Péng'yo-kesha X, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Samiloor}} Bernardo Domepossemet Kuwilmárū-michi 7, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Neo Delta}} - Ginja-tsu 3, Senjahi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Cariocas}} - Fushaelmyung 3, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Ataraxia}} - Rue d'Ataraxie 1, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo Largest embassy in Kojo OGFmapicon.png map
{{Belphenia}} - Rerefuewang-kesha X, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Antharia}} - Palman-Sogaéz-joenmi 2, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map


The following table lists all of Kojo's diplomatic missions abroad:

Country/Organisation Ambassador Since Address Notes
Luciano Flag FA.png Ardisphere Shí Ungman'gyal (m) 2014 Calle Virgilio Morris No 10002, Barrio Darío Toledano, Delegación VII, Villa Constitución, DF Ardispherian diplomatic registry VC-020
Flag-Ataraxia-v1.png Ataraxia Soru Kyendau 2015 X
Flagrots.png Řots Lu Máolyeng 2015 Irtosuřē Kassā 19, Nekkar 20214, Řots
Flag-of-Delta.PNG Neo Delta Lang Lan (m) 2015 2 Kaddib Avenue, Malojdeh City Center
Wiwaxia Flag.jpg Wiwaxia Byeaffu Chū (m) 2015 Silk Hill Road 88, Wiwaxmouthe, Wiwaxia
Flsg.jpg Pretany/Assembly of Nations Araeng Zō-Tilman 2015 Location
SamiloorFlag110815.png Samiloor Zúta-George Jaesum (m) 2015 Location
Flag itc1.png Cariocas Bichi Tol-mam (f) 2016 Location
Karolia flag.png Karolia Yōsuke Choelsin (m) 2016 Maasriiäs Őt X, Säntjana
Ostermark Flag.jpg Østermark Yin Yuzu (f) 2016 Grønholmsvægen 234, Mynninghamn
Latflag.png Latina Kole Suzumyume (m) 2016 80, Calle Larth Porsenna, Latina Cidudad
Montran Flag.jpg Montran Nām-daeréng Yocchi (m) 2016 Welch Avenue X, Anderton
Khaiwoon flag.png Khaiwoon Fyuengli De Jen'na-Madám (f) 2016 Ambassadors Blvd. X, Khaiwoon Occupies a block in front of the metro station 4.5 - Diplomatic Quarter together with the Kojolese Cultural Institute and the Kojolese industrial, business and trade association (Khaiwoonese branch office).
Hoppon Gyoecchi San-myuegel (m) 2016 Embassy Row X, Arabahika Place Holder
Aorangëa flag.svg Aorangëa Sabine Trempel (f) 2016 Embassy Loop X, Governemnt Territories, Capital Territory
Balam utz flag.png Balam-Utz Honken Danzoeri (m) 2016 Olaconia X, Internacional, Motul
TarrasesFlagforMini.png Tárrases Igyol-Taérahing Mansol (m) 2016 Calle Luna 41, Ttomymor, Viejo Tárrases Consulate

(Xes indicate uncertainties concerning the embassy's address; if there are information missing you're able to provide, feel free to enter them)

Culture

Language

Main article: Kojoshi
The national language is Kojolese, or Kojoshi in its own wording. Modern Kojolese came into existence after the great migration wave, and therefore compromises of most of the grammar from ancient Pyilser(Պյիլսըռ in ancient Pyilser, the language spoken around today's Pyingshum), but then came under massive Hopponese influence when Chihaya Nabunga "The Vain" married into the Pyilser-krun'a dynasty shortly before the whole country was unified by Surb Rēkku. The alphabet was commissioned and spread by his son. Today basically every Kojolese citizen speaks Kojolese fluently and as their first language, and only 1.5% of the country's residents are not considered fluent (C1 or above), most of whom are expats only living in the country temporarily. As a result, all types of media, business and government business is dealt with in Kojolese. There are no regional languages, but a range of distinct dialects. In the west, namely Sappaér-iki, Ataraxian can be considered a small minority language in some rural communities near the border.

Preservation

There is a national classification system for cultural and natural preservation. Things that can fall under these laws are:

  • items and objects of cultural significance
  • buildings of cultural significance
  • intangible cultural properties of significance
  • areas and landscape of ecologic (or rarely cultural) significance

The first two categories (objects and buildings), can be classifies as, in descending order of significance:

    • World heritage (assigned by the AN)
    • National Treasure (assigned by Parliament and Government, implies unconditional efforts for preservation. Every World Heritage is also a National Treasure)
    • Outstanding cultural property (see above, implies high national efforts for preservation)
    • Important cultural property (can be assigned by above and regional administrations, implies public efforts for preservation)
    • Local cultural property (can be assigned by above and by cities; local subsidies might be granted to private owners, but mostly restrictive measures against alteration or demolition)

Intangible Cultural properties, such as important food, clothing, language or other customs can be assigned one of two protection statses:

    • National Cultural Custom (assigned by Parliament and Government, implies unconditional efforts for preservation such as public promotion and support)
    • Important Cultural Custom (can be assigned by above and regional administrations, mostly just official recognition but public subsidies may be granted)

Nature reserves or important landscapes can be assigned one of four protection statuses:

    • World heritage (assigned by the AN)
    • Important National Protected Reservate/Landscape (assigned by Parliament and Government, implies unconditional efforts for preservation. Every World Heritage is also an Important National Protected Reservate/Landscape. Usually blocked for unaccompanied visitors)
    • National Protected Reservate/Landscape (can be assigned by above and regional administrations, implies high public efforts for preservation and limited visit rights)
    • Local Reservate/Landscape of significance (can be assigned by above and by cities; local subsidies are granted to for example farmers to maintain a certain agriculture or for promotion, restrictive measures against alteration or demolition. Usually completely open to the public)

Food

Vaguely defined food regions in Kojo

Cuisine varies widely between the different regions, and is influenced by the local climate, coasts, and neighbouring countries. These regions are only vague guidelines, and represent general cultural regions in Kojo. Pyingshum and its surrounding are in a special position, as the capital has drawn immigrants from the rest of the country since centuries.

As a general characteristic of Kojolese eating culture, the Kojolese are very specific about their breakfast, especially on the weekends when people don't have to work. On these days off, it is custom to prepare a late but opulent breakfast (similar to a brunch, but with a different choice of food items), which is taken in with friends or family and can last very long. Lunch then is usually skipped, and an equally grand Dinner late in the evening closes the day.

Television

Television is widely spread in Kojo as a medium of entertainment and information. There are two public and a large number of private broadcasters, many of whom broadcast on more than one channel.

The country's largest broadcaster, KT1 (Kojo so Telébizyon ara, "Kojolese television one"), is a private media conglomerate that dates back to 1942, making its main channel the second oldest TV channel in the country and the oldest still in operation. The company's various channels generate a combined 26% of all viewership in Kojolese TV. Its headquarters are situated in Gaerié so-Pang, Pyingshum. Its channels cover a broad range of topics, from light entertainment to high culture and political news.

The second largest broadcaster, YKT (Yaére Kojo so Telébizyon, "Second Kojolese television") was founded in 1961. It was believed that two independently organized public broadcasting companies were needed to ensure unbiased news overage and reciprocal control. The viewership share is estimated to be 23%. The broadcaster's headquarter is situated in Ojufyeng, and also keeps a studio for coverage from the capitol in Gankakuchō-Pang, Pyingshum.

BKCH (Byoenbi Kojo so Chúngko, "General Kojo radio communication"), is the nations third largest media outlet, accounting for 22% of viewer share in the television market. However BKCH also provides public radio stations, both national and local, as well as Kojo's international radio station KR1. BKCH's radio channels account for around two thirds of national listenership. BKCH was founded by the government in 1947 and constituted the second TV channel available in the country and the first public one.
The broadcasting agency keeps a studio inside the Humenyamin Chezi complex in Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum, next to the ministry of interior and with the main studio looking out onto the Jōbunhakke. The agency's main administration however is seated in the inner part of Yoyomi, with the largest recording facility situated in the suburb of [[]].

Other large outlets (all private) include, in descending order of viewer share: {...}

  1. "Ushi Saral's Introductory Guide to Kojolese Politics". Saral, K.K. Kwaengdō, Kojo. 2009. Retrieved 20 March 2009.