Kojo

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Kojo (kodʑo) is an unitary, parliamentary and constitutionally democratic republic located in the south-east of Uletha, bordering the Sound of Pa in the south and Ataraxia in the west.

Despite a history dating back to the stone age, Kojo itself came into being as a unified nation state only in 1668.

Kojo introductory text 2.jpeg
Kojo ja Uleta so akudyong bue, aku máre Taman'yumi fā, limbē máre Atarakkusī fā kokkyōyu assoldaeki, hakkedaeki, sāmahandodaekimen demomínzudaeki jōbunmyeru ku.

Karetaki hyeto lishi kāwaryuzu, Kojo tte assol'yora'e azaggumyeru 1668 [kau-wera-tōku-wera-cchen-uttari] ní yéri aruemeru.

7, 36.129, 118.312
Republic of Kojo
Kojo Jōbun-Myeru
Kojojobunmyeru.png
Flag
Flag
Capital
and largest city
Pyingshum
Official languagesKojoshi
DemonymKojolese
GovernmentParliamentary Republic
LegislatureJōbunhakke
Area
 • Total287,566.32 km2
Population
 • Census (2014)40,000,000
 • Density139/km2
GDP (PPP)2014
 • Total1,494,375,000,000 Int$
 • Per capita39,850 Int$
GDP (nominal)2014
 • Total33,607,500,000,000 Zubi
 • Per capita896,200 Zubi
HDI (2015)0.903
very high
Timezone+7 h (no summer time)
CurrencyZubi
Drives on theright

Geography and Climate

Elevation map of Kojo
Prairies in western Kojo, mostly in Lainyerō-iki
Mountain valley somewhere between Donzomi and Busakyueng, in Kyoélnain-iki
Beach on an eastern portion of the coast, in Cheryuman-iki
farm land at the river Kime, north of Leshfyomi-sul

In the south Kojo's coast at the Sound of Pa is mostly flat, featuring many sand and pebble beaches. In the north there are mountains up to more than 4000 m height. These mountains flatten out to the south into low mountain ranges.

Kojo's climate can be considered temperate, ranging from open and flat prairies and grassland in the west, fertile farmland irrigated by the river Kime and its influxes in middle of the country, to dense forest in the low mountain ranges as well as in the very east and lofty mountains with snow all year round in the very north.

History

Various tribes without apparent cultural connections or language had lived in parts of today's Kojo since the stone age. There have been various findings of ancient tools and cave drawings as well as primitive clothing. Earliest housing and farming facilities found date back to around 9,000 b.c.

-876 -

1st Rō-age Emergence of Rō as a religious centre

876-1200 - Eddo-Kyómre Darasushan

2nd Rō-age The symvanist church was formally founded in 856/858. Marked by a consolidation of the Gitaenhōlyuē faith and its spread across the country, Rō as a major centre of pilgrimage

1200-1620 - Yoyomryi Darasushan

Cultural dominance, albeit not political leadership, of the Zerka Kingdom and its new capital Yoyomi (Originally founded as a military camp, later a citadel town to fend off the eastern kingdoms, the city grew continuously and reached 46,000 inhabitants by the middle of the 15th century after being made capital of Zerka in 1200)

The Thousand Kingdoms' War and Kojolese unification

Up to around 1620, the area of today's Kojo was a rag rug of small kingdoms and principalities.

The countless small conflicts then escalated, and in 1620 the whole country was in state of civil war; additionally, a great famine forced huge parts of the population in the area of today's Kojo and immediate surroundings to flee and relocate, mingling languages and culture. As a result, all political structures were disrupted, and only few kings were able to stay in charge of their kingdoms or principalities. Things slowly settled down, while the survivors of the big migration wave started to build their new lives and new political structures arouse where the former sovereign lost control.

In the early 1630's, the King in charge of today's Pyingshum and the area around it, King Surb Rēkku from the Pyilser-krun'a Dynasty, which happened to do quite well economically and influentially after the wave, intensified his aspiration to gain more control over the other kingdoms in the area, and his family's kingdom slowly rose in power. In 1622, 4 years into his reign and at the age of 20, he had married 18 years old Chihaya Nabunga, daughter of the Hopponese leader Ato Nabunga and his concubine, or rather co-empress, Queen Riya. Riya was the king's favourite and therefore most wealthy concubine, which lead to her daughter being known as "the vein princess". The Hopponese leader hoped that the marriage would improve general political stability in the north; marrying his daughter to the Pyilser-krun'a Dynasty, he gambled that Surb Rēkku would be able to unify the area of today's Kojo. Eventually in 1668, 4 years before his death, an area quite similar to today's Kojo was unified by the King and his Hopponese wife, and Pyingshum became the new country's capital.

High Pyilser-krun'a Dynasty

The country entered a phase called "High Pyilser-krun'a Dynasty", which was marked by a large draw of administration, science and trade to the new nation's capital, where it flourish. Also, the marriage to Hopponese royalty not only had a vast influence on rules and rites in the royal court itself, but also drew, in addition to the already quite extensive court society, a considerable number of Hopponese admirers who followed their beloved Chihaya and settled down in Kojo permanently. This had a large impact on the the Kojolese language. Over the course of the centuries, all the different cultures and languages that came with and got disrupted by the big migration wave had merged completely, resulting in modern Kojo's relatively uniform culture and language. This process was accelerated by the fact, that during the time directly after the wave there weren't any ethnical or cultural majorities in certain parts of the country. Today's Kojolese is based on the language spoken around medieval Pyingshum when it gained importance as the first capital of a united Kojo, but was so heavily influenced and enriched by the other Kojolese languages that came with the big migration wave that it doesn't bear any obvious resemblance with its ancient ancestor.

Overthrow of the monarchy

As the first vibe of industrialization swept through the country, social problems became apparent. After decades of constant decline in health and working condition, the people were dissatisfied with their extravagant and incompetent ruler's way of spending enormous amounts of money on splendour and luxury, and finally overthrew the monarchy violently, but without much resistance from the military, which had its own plans, in 1828. Surb-Racchi was executed, and the following years were marked by struggle between the democratic movements and the military, at times under civil-war like conditions.

After 6 years of struggle, partial military dictatorship and social unrest, a semi-democratic constitution was written and proclaimed in 1834.

Phase of the 1st constitution (1834-1939)

It took several years for the effects of the democratic revolution in Pyingshum to spread through the country and reach even the more distant regions. One reason was that the new order left the local governors previously appointed by the King in power, and they had little reason to change their local administration. However the new centralistic did not intend to prolong the tradition of granting the post of governor to the previous office holder's descendant, but instead aimed for local administrations more closely aligned with the national government. Throughout the first decades of the new rule, many local chiefs resisted this slow transfer of power away from hereditary rule and abolition of nobleness, which caused a number of state crisis's and even small armed conflicts. However, by the late 1860's, the last hereditary local ruler was replaced by a bureaucratic chief administer appointed by the central government for 8 years, with a maximum of 2 terms. This achievement was aided by the rapid growth of railways, which, besides being the driving force behind industrialisation, enabled the government to more effectively control the regional administrations.

The second half of the 19th century was, politically, marked by further consolidation of power in the capital Pyingshum. Economically industrialisation now was transforming industry at a rapid pace and drew the masses towards the city. Urban landscapes were transforming, and social norms and ideals were shifting. Religious adherence plummeted, and by the turn of the century less than half of the population was describing themselves as active performers of Symvanism.

Phase of the 2nd constitution (1939-today)

The political system of Kojo experienced a rivalry between the two posts of the president and his chancellor in the early 20th century, as the office of Chancellor was continuously expanding its power and influence, while still formally subordinated to the president. As the chancellor had to be approved by parliament, president and chancellor often were from different ends of the political spectrum, and the only thing the president could do was to dissolve parliament and schedule reelections. When between 1928 and 1939 there were a total of 9 reelections, it was decided that to guarantee a funtioning government there would have to be a major redraft of political structure. Under the new system, the chancellor was now a post independent from the president, and only elected by the parliament. The president was reduced to a merely representative figure.

With The flooding of Kalaē in 2008 Kojo experienced the nation's deathliest natural disaster of the 21st century, with an official death toll of 2,268.

Politics

Current seat distribution in the Jōbunhakke

Main Article: Political system of Kojo

Kojo is an unitary, parliamentary and constitutional republic. The government is divided into three branches, the legislature, an executive, and a judiciary, as laid out in the Constitution of the Republic of Kojo[1]

The legislature is represented in the Jōbunhakke, the nation's parliament. It's a one chamber parliament and elected by the people via proportional representation. It serves many functions, such as issuing laws, electing the Gankakuchō (Chancellor), and providing half of the presidential convention that elects the Gozóngchō (President).

The Gankakuchō (Chancellor) is the head of government. He or she works in the Gankakuchō so Hyosilwe (Chancellery). The Chancellor appoints the rest of the government, namely the ministers, by formally suggesting them to the President, who then has to appoint them. The Chancellor is traditionally the most influential single person in the state, since he or she defines the guidelines of inner and foreign policy.

The Gozóngchō (President) is head of state for formal purposes. His or her work composes of mostly representative tasks. For example, the President is the highest representative of the state, appoints Ambassadeures, has to sign laws to formally implement them, and is a last instance of check for constitutionality in general. He resides in the Gozóngchō so Jaesan (Presidential Mansion).

The courts, forming the judiciary, are independent. The highest court, as for example the supreme court, are even situated in the small town of Igilaē, to physically represent their constitutional distance from the other branches of government.

One rather unique feature of the Kojolese political system is the emphasis on a strict border between the government and "The administration". The administration is often cited as the 4th division of power. While the government is mostly focused on policy making in the different departments, these policies are then executed by the agencies. Most agencies (with the notable exception of for example the secret services, other military business etc.) are, despite being created, funded, and bound by instructions by the central government, technically independent from them. The administration is based on the mostly powerless Ikis, and despite all personell of these regional administrative bodies being directly appointed by the central government, the non-policy-making administration is much like a parallel world to politics, and enjoys some very limited and strictly defined scope of action granted by the constitution.

Demographics

Cities and Settlements

Kojo's population is highly concentrated in the country's major urban areas, with xx xxx xxx of its xx xxx xxx inhabitants living in cities proper of 100 000 or larger, and nearly a quarter in the country's capital alone.

City name inhabitants comment Region
Pyingshum 8,600,000 capital and primate city Pyingshum-iki
Finkyáse 2,930,000 famous for culture, art and science. Fóskiman-iki
Kippa 1,820,000 important manufacturing centre Gyoéng'guffe-iki
Jaka 1,210,000 important international harbor Pacchipyan-iki
Kwaengdō 1,190,000 Cheryuman-iki
Toribiri 950,000 in the mountains, some winter sports, mining and forestry Nainchok-iki
Yoyomi 920,000 very specialised event service industry Wāfyeíkko-iki
Busakyueng 840,000 Kyoélnain-iki
Womenlū 780,000 Fóskiman-iki
Wenzū 650,000 DentoHeadquarter Wāfyeíkko-iki
Manlung 590,000 regional centre for the sparsely populated west Lainyerō-iki
Oreppyo 580,000 Lainyerō-iki
Hetta 440,000 Pacchipyan-iki
Toefyei 400,000 Receiver of the title "Kojo's most boring city" for 8 years in a row Degyáhin-iki
Kahyuemgúchi 370,000 Pyingshum-iki
Nároggul 355,000 Chin'yaku-iki
Donzomi 340,000 Famous city for sanatoriums and health resorts Kyoélnain-iki
Tsuyenji 325,000 High-class beach holiday destination Cheryuman-iki
Geryong 320,000 Centre of Sappaér-iki, bordering Ataraxia Sappaér-iki
Ántibes 280,000 Fóskiman-iki
Ojufyeng 260,000 Pacchipyan-iki
City name inhabitants comment Region
255,000 Historic town on hillside, holy city of the faith Gitaenhōlyuē Rō-iki
Kari 255,000 Degyáhin-iki
Īme 240,000 Chin'yaku-iki
Godan 235,000 Fóskiman-iki
Unzai 230,000 Valley city with large landmark-bridge Kyoélnain-iki
Leshfyomi-sul 225,000 Chin'yaku-iki
Kimelíngsan-shu 215,000 Gyoéng'guffe-iki
Asaka 210,000 Gyoéng'guffe-iki
Formajiá 200,000 Pyingshum-iki
Igilaē 195,000 Seat of Kojo's highest courts Gyoéng'guffe-iki
Tinglyū 175,000 Chin'yaku-iki
Chin-Jōrin 150,000 Nainchok-iki
Arákkanai 145,000 Wāfyeíkko-iki
Laófil 135,000 Pyingshum-iki
Shangmē 135,000 Nainchok-iki
Láoféi 130,000 Gyoéng'guffe-iki
Yamatsuma 120,000 Strong chemical industry Lainyerō-iki
Umishiro 115,000 Cheryuman-iki
Manman 110,000 Lakeside town, famous for wine Chin'yaku-iki
Makalasueng 105,000 Kyoélnain-iki
Jippun 105,000 Lainyerō-iki
Sabakusama 100,000 surrounded by gravel pits Lainyerō-iki

Blue background indicate seats of the regional administration.

Immigrant Population

Kojo had a slow but steady influx of immigrant over the last century, from neighboring countries as well as from places far away.

Religion

Full article: Gitaenhōlyuē The native Kojolese religion is called Gitaenhōlyuē (from ancient Rōlese "gitenaly", "knowledge"), or Symvanism in Ingerish (from ancient Greek [ogf-vers?] "συμβάν" "symván", "event, happening"). Kojolese people tend not to be very religious. Since the 18th century, the Kojolese faith was in decline. Most temples today are only preserved for preservation's sake, only about 0.6% (225.000) of all Kojolese still pray to the Kojolese Gods and Goddesses. A notable exception is the city , where 37% (70.300) of the city's population still claim to worship this faith. Out of the 9.8% of the total population who claim to "attend to a religion", the other 9.2% are people with migration background that still hold the believe of their home country or parents.

The origins of the Symvanist faith are difficult to pin down; it's roots can be found as early as in some tribal rites and traditions in the 2nd and 3rd century A.D. The oldest written records are from the 9th century, and the centralist organised religious community can be traced back to about the same time. There are three basic theological principles of the faith: the concept of veneration of events and places (instead of saints), the idea that the Creation was not an act by a God but rather that the universe just spontaneously came into existence, and that the Gods and Goddesses were either an instant and by natural law inevitable byproduct (the higher Gods), or came into existence later each due to a magnificent event, like the Creation of earth (the immediate Gods).

Other Statistics

The birth rate is at 1.56 children per women, much less than the 2.1 needed for a maintaining the current population. The total population however remained mostly constant since decades, due to immigration outnumbering emigration.

The incarceration rate is 72 people / 100,000 inhabitants.

Infrastructure

Kojo is a highly developed and wealthy nation, which is expressed in the country's efficient and closely meshed transportation networks. A relatively high standard of living and tight inter-regional relations both economically and socially means that the Kojolese people are one of the most mobile societies in the developed world, going on a relatively large number of both business and leisure trips, domestic or abroad.

Especially compared to other developed nations, public modes of transportation play an important role in the everyday lives' of Kojo's inhabitants both for inter city and urban transportation. The reasons for this go back as far as the nation's first railway, are supported by the general human and geological geography, and are still reinforced in modern times by strict policy of internalising external effects.

National motorways

National motorways are called Gimbye Kōfogótsu (lit. Gimbye Highclass road, after the politician Maldo Gimbye who leaded the construction of the nation's first motorways) are numbered like "G 1", "G 4", "G 13" etc. They pose as the highest road class in Kojo and by stipulation are required to have a structural barrier separating the different directions from each other. The general speed limit is 140 km/h, although the recommended speed lays at 120 km/h and about half of the network is imposed with designated speed limits. On the map, motorways with two lanes per direction are shown in a dark orange, while sections with 3 or more lanes are shown in red.

Both types of motorways mentioned above are tolled, besides a small number of excluded (usually very short, stand-alone) sections. The table below gives a quick overview over the fees. The gross vehicle weight allowance determined the weight class. The toll can be paid at a large variety of places, such as government offices, rest places and many more. The driver then receives a badge which has to be put against a designated spot on the wind shield. When entering or exiting a highway, these are scanned from above. If a vehicle without a badge is detected, the highway patrol is informed and might chase the vehicle. Fines are very heavy, and also include penalties such as suspension of one's drivers' license. If a vehicle leaves a tolled motorway a short time after the badge exceeded it's time, but traffic on the roads were heavy, lenience is granted. Most regular drivers opt for the popular option for a permanent badge that is linked to an account, and the toll is charged automatically according to the most favourable rate. 1 Zubi = 0.0435 Int$, 1 Int$ = 23 Z

Weight Class
Time
bikes <2.8 t 2.8-3.5 t 3.5-7.5 t
2 h 20 35 45 135
1 day 35 60 80 240
10 days 100 160 220 660
2 months 375 620 850 2550
1 year 1350 2200 3000 9000

Trucks of more than 7.5 tonnes pay a special toll, with a system reliant on automatic GPS collection. The toll per km can vary between 3.2 to 9.5 Zubi/km, depending on the vehicle's weight class and emission standard.

In the two largest cities of Kojo, namely Pyingshum and Finkyáse, vehicles entering the inner city sections of the motorways (the inner ring G 1 and its arms reaching into the city centre in Pyingshum, and PH in Finkyáse) are required to pay an additional 2 h fee as a congestion surcharge.

Additionally to the tolls imposed on motorways, car keepers pay a regular motor vehicle tax, which is also determined by the amount of respirable dust emitted per km travelled. Fuel is also strongly taxed to reuce CO² emissions.

Dōdaeki Zóngtsūfogótsu (lit. Regional main through roads) are numbered like "D 1", "D 4", "D 13" etc. They are non-tolled, but on some sections appear motorway-like. They are shown as primary roads on the map, though not every primary road is a Dōdaeki Zóngtsūfogótsu (especially in urban areas). Although often developed with similar structures like motorways, these roads usually at most have 2 lanes for each direction, have slightly narrower lanes, and only some sections are equipped with a middle purlin. Also some intersections might involve at-grade crossings etc. The general speed limit is 120 km/h, but similar to the motorways local speeding restrictions apply frequently. This road class is often find on relations with large long-distance travel volume where the costs for building motorways however aren't justified, or where the section that is built to motorway standard is very short, like with bypass roads etc.

Railways

high-speed network overview (rough sketch)

Main Article: Kojo Hyengshō Sanan
Main Article: Public Transportation in Kojo
Inter-city rail in general is the most common mean of transportation for passengers in between cities in Kojo, with domestic air travel being traditionally weak. The country's railway network is very well developed, with both dense coverage as well as trunk routes dedicated to high-speed lines.

Railway Operating Agencies

The country's major railway company is the Operation subdivision of the 51% state-held Kojo Hyengshō Sanan, or KHS for short. It offers high-speed long distance trains, such as the IC or CC, as well as regional rail services (KCP and KC) and in some areas dedicated local mass transit. It also facilitates rail freight and special services, such as some sleeper-trains or car-trains. Most Ésubān systems in Kojo are run by KHS as well.

Besides KHS, there are only a small number of comparatively negligible railway operators (besides municipally organised local transit agencies); notably around Busakyueng and Finkyáse, or in the form of dedicated factory railways.

Railway Infrastructure

Similar to the operating sector, the lion share of the country's railway tracks are built and maintained by the Infrastructure subdivision of KHS. Some private operating companies such as the ones mentioned above form exceptions.

Railway lines can be roughly divided into 3 categories: Dedicated High-Speed lines, main lines and branch lines.

  • Dedicated high-speed lines are solely used by IC and CC trains. On some of those lines, IC trains can reach 320 km/h, other common speeds are 300 km/h, 280 km/h (for the oldest dedicated lines, running from Pyingshum via Leshfyomi-sul and Kippa to Jaka) or 250 km/h (from Busakyueng to Donzomi and between Kari and Toefyei). Those lines are equipped with continuous automatic train running, which means stationary signals are not needed and only found in some places as an emergency system. Information about speed and stopping distance are shown on the driver's cab display.
  • Main lines are regular railway lines which handle a large amount of passenger and/or freight traffic. Most are aligned for maximum speeds of 160 km/h (the upper limit for most KCP trains) or 200 km/h (for routes with many CC services). They are equipped with fixed signals on the side of the track, however on some outstandingly important sections balises enable a punctiform automatic train running.
  • Branch lines, often times only single-track, are less-frequented routes with top speeds of 120 km/h or less. Trains are always operated with regular signalling, and unlike main lines or high-speed lines, level crossings are a regular occurrence.

Airports and air traffic

(rough sketch)

Main Article: KojAir
Kojo's largest airport and hub for nearly all intercontinental flights is Pyingshum International Airport. There are 4 additional international airports, near Finkyáse, Jaka, Yoyomi and Kippa. The cities of Manlung, Womenlū, Oreppyo, Wenzū, Busakyueng, Kwaengdō, Toefyei and Toribiri feature regional airports that offer domestic flights and routes to some airports in neighbouring countries. The country's domestic airline KojAir currently is the only airline offering domestic connections in the country.

Airport stats
PAX Flight mov. Runways Notes
PSM 70 mil 460,000 4
FIN 19 mil 173,000 2
JAK 14 mil 143,000 2 (cross)
YYM 10 mil 120,000 3 (1 cross) 2nd largest freight airport
KIP 8 mil 93,000 1
MNL 1.4 mil 28,000 1
ORP 0.5 mil 8,000 1
WML 2.1 mil 39,000 1
WNZ 3.5 mil 71,000 1
BUS 2.6 mil 49,000 1
KWD 4.6 mil 87,000 1
TOF 0.8 mil 19,000 1
TOR 1.9 mil 38,000 1

Administration

For the main article, including in-depth explanation of the different types of subdivisions as well as a comprehensive listing, please see Administrative divisions in Kojo.

Kojo is a unitary republic, with a very low level of regional or municipal self-governance, and that mostly sits at Sur-level. The following list lists all 13 administrative regions in Kojo with their name, population, size, population density and urban surs (cities above 100,000 inhabitants).

Name of Iki Population Area km² (land) Pop. Density in./km² Largest cities OGF relation
Pyingshum-Iki 12,053,000 11,703 1,030 Pyingshum, Kahyuemgúchi, Formajiá, Laófil border
Kyoélnain-iki 1,815,000 41,170 44 Busakyueng, Donzomi, Unzai, Makalasueng border
Cheryuman-iki 2,884,000 6,067 475 Kwaengdō, Tsuyenji, Umishiro border
Degyáhin-iki 755,000 23,198 32.5 Toefyei, Kari border
Nainchok-iki 1,355,000 36,288 37.3 Toribiri, Chin-Jōrin, Shangmē border
Sappaér-iki 610,000 7,501 81 Geryong border
Fóskiman-iki 5,095,000 7,920 643.3 Finkyáse, Womenlū, Ántibes, Godan border
Lainyerō-iki 3,105,000 104,755 30 Manlung, Oreppyo, Yamatsuma, Jippun, Sabakusama border
Pacchipyan-iki 3,057,000 3,147 km² 971 Jaka, Hetta, Ojufyeng border
Rō-iki 255,000 72.8 3,502.7 border
Wāfyeíkko-iki 2,575,000 13,740 187.4 Yoyomi, Wenzū, Arákkanai border
Chin'yaku-iki 2,080,000 16,947 122.7 Nároggul, Īme, Leshfyomi-sul, Tinglyū, Manman border
Gyoéng'guffe-iki 3,320,000 19,321 172 Kippa, Kimelíngsan-shu, Asaka, Igilaē, Láoféi border

Economy

Basic data

Kojo has a diversified market economy. It's main exports are services, manufactured goods, especially a comparatively small array of highly specialised high-tech niche products, as well as a number of high-value agricultural products.

The nation's nominal GDP amounted (in 2014) to a total of 33,607,500,000,000 Zubi (1,494,375,000,000 Int$)[Population TBD], or 896,200 Zubi (39,850 Int$) per capita.

The living standard across Kojo is relatively even, as well as the median income. Outliers to the top are the capital Pyingshum, Fóskiman-iki around Finkyáse with a very developed service industry and Pacchipyan-iki around the harbour city of Jaka. On the other end, the former industrial heart of the nation, Kippa, is still recovering from far-reaching structural change, and rural areas such as Lainyerō-iki and Degyáhin-iki can be found at the bottom of the table as well, simply because these regions lack large urban centres of over-regional significance.

The Pyingshum Stock Exchange is the country's main stock exchange.

The country's wealthiest family by far is the Dencho family, who all together hold 67% of shares of Dento, the nation's most highly valued company. The 7 current heirs occupy position 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 9 of the list of the top 10 richest people in Kojo.


Currency

Front of the lowest paper bill, 100Z, portraying the Arc of Unity in Pyingshum

The currency in Kojo is called "Zubi". There is no further subdivision of the Zubi into a smaller unit. The following tables show all denominations issued by the Kojolese Central Bank (Kojo Zóngshin-weibyaeng), whether it is a coin or a paper bill, what it portrays on the back and front and what these images are supposed to represent:

Value Form Front Back
1 Coin Only number for the value Small tree
2 Coin Only number for the value Small tree
5 Coin Only number for the value Small tree
10 Coin Number with Globe in the background, cosmopolitanism National coat of arms, patriotism
20 Coin Number with Globe in the background, cosmopolitanism National coat of arms, patriotism
50 Coin Number with Globe in the background, cosmopolitanism National coat of arms, patriotism
100 Bill Arc of Unity (Dyenféi Kō) in Pyingshum, unity Scene of Mountains in the background with a river meandering to the foreground, resembling the diversity in Kojo's landscapes (mountains, rivers, semi-desert, forest, farmland, coast)
200 Bill Kids in a Kindergarten, pupils in a classroom, students in a lecture, education Elderly resting in a garden, helping some adults with planting, being cared for, respect for the elderly
500 Bill Soldiers in a battlefield, war Wide landscape with villages scattered across; people come together to celebrate, peace
1,000 Bill Ancient cave drawings showing stone tools from the stone age, history Stylised scientific instruments, progress
5,000 Bill King Surb Rēkku, unifier of the country, with his wife "the vein princess" Chihaya Nabun'ga from Hoppon, Hopponese influence Map of Kojo, unity and sovereignty
10,000 Bill Symbolic group of people, standing for the people's uprising in 1834 and the democratic revolution, democracy The original copy of the constitution, with key words in large print, core values and constitutionality

The current exchanges rates as of September 2016 are: 1 Zubi = 0.0435 Int$, 1 Int$ = 23 Z

Electricity and energy consumption

The primary energy consumption of the average Kojolese amounts to 2.8 tonne-of-oil equivalent per year. This implies a national consumption of primary energy of 112 million tonne-of-oil equivalent per year.

Currently, per-capita electricity consumption (end-consumer) lays at 22 kWh per day. That amounts to a national consumption of 321 twh per year [note: population TBC]. Kojo relies on a broad mix of energy sources, 33% of which are renewable:

  • Natural Gas, 31%
  • Coal, 18%
  • Nuclear, 17%
  • Hydro electric, 15%
  • Solar, 11%
  • Wind, 5%
  • Other (geothermal, biomass, oil), 3%

There are 16 large or medium gas power stations (>100 MW), many hydroelectric power stations, 10 coal power plants, 5 nuclear power stations, solar parks as well as countless small attachments on roofs and large off-shore wind parks (on-shore facilities only play a minor role and are mostly found in the west).

Education

Schooling career

Kojo offers free education to all of its citizens. Visiting a school is mandatory up to the age of 16. Most parents (~85%) send their 3-6 year-olds to public Kindergarten. From the age of 5 1/2 to 6 1/2, children enter Káurēbi (Primary school). Primary school lasts 5 years. From grade 6 to 9 (4 more years) the pupils then visit Midirēbi (Middle School). After Middle school, the around 15 year old students decide whether they want to enter Zukkyamlu (Vocational School) or continue to Shōminagara (similar to High school), if they have an adequate grade average in year 8 and 9 and the final exams.

At a vocational school, students are introduced to job life while still visiting school on a half-day basis. Depending on the chosen training, they leave the Zukkyamlu after 2 to 4 years and enter the work force. Students who choose to attend Shōminagara pass through another 3 years of education, before they choose whether they now want to leave school and enter the work force with the option of visiting a limited number of subjects at university later on after a few years of job experience, or remain in school for 1 last years (grade 13). After finishing that last years and passing the end of the year exam in year 13, students are allowed to every single subject universities offer, sometimes though limited by a certain average-grade threshold for very popular or demanding subjects. This score is calculated by weighting the results of year 12 at 1/4, the results of year 13 at 1/3 and the results of the final exam at 5/12.

Students who went to Zukkyamlu are not banned from university however. Especially in recent years it became more and more common to visit evening schools which allow Zukkyamlu graduates to enroll in university programmes fitting their practical training and job life.

Higher education

Public universities (Ōnagara) is generally tuition free. About 5% of students study at private universities. The most prestigious national university ranking is the BMS University Ranking, which, amongst others, ranks universities in specific fields of study as well as endorsing outstanding research clusters. Currently only public universities are included in that ranking.

Most subjects of study are either offered on a X (Bachelor, usually 3 years) and X (Masters, an additional 2 years) basis, or in some cases are only offered as a straight 5 years programme resulting in the title X (Diploma). Students studying towards their first X are classified as Undergraduates, students studying towards their first X are referred to as Graduates, and researchers with a X degree working towards a doctorate or similar are identified as Post-Graduates.

The following list contains all public institutions of tertiary education in Kojo:


City Name Location Date Students Undergrads Grads Post-grad Faculties BMS rankings General Notes
Pyingshum Ginjin Ōnagara Various Campi in Pyinghshum 1677/1837/1894 256,900 139,100 98,500 19,100 7 1st "Law and business", 3rd "Social sciences", "Medicine", "Art, music, design"; Clusters: "Combined Intercultural Communication and Research Institutions", "Ginjin Centre for Domestic and International Business and Economics" Largest Kojolese university
Jaka Chuso Azugáki-Folajji East of New town (PH node) 1786 27,050 14,100 10,950 2,000 4 Cluster: "Competitive Sport, Education and Research Region Kime Delta" Very autochthonous uni with 4 competing houses
Jaka Tampo-Joelgue Ōnagara New town (PH node) 1806 15,650 12,050 3,450 250 X
Rō Tōchuekyana Ōnagara
Yoyomi Yoyomi Ōnagara 1888 34,000
Yoyomi Yoyomi Gigyōnagara 1935 22,000
Graduates from tertiary education by field of study
Field Number of students % of students
social/business sc., law, economics 30.1
health & soc. services 18.8
engineering, manufacturing & construction 18.2
arts and humanities 12.0
nat. sciences, math &IT 11.5
teacher-training 9.3

Foreign Languages

Students are playfully introduced to a first foreign language from 3rd to 5th grade in Káurēbi (Primary school), usually Ingerish and sometimes Ataraxian. From grade 6 to 9 the pupils then visit Midirēbi (Middle School) where they continue their foreign language from primary school and also choose a second foreign language; either Ingerish or Ataraxian (mandatory to be offered at every middle school) or one of the other 11 official languages offered at middle school, of which every school most offer at least 2.

Students going to a Zukkyamlu for vocational training can take language courses depending on their field of training, usually with a stronger focus on in-job application. At Shōminagara the amount of language classes a student takes varies between 1 and 3 depending on the course of study.

Some private and especially international schools form exceptions.

Diplomatic Relations

Kojo maintains diplomatic relations with many partner countries and international organisations. The following table lists all diplomatic missions in Kojo:

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Foreign embassies and consulates in Pyingshum
Nation Ambassador Address and location Notes Map
{{Pretany}} - Péng'yo-kesha X, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Ataraxia}} - Rue d'Ataraxie 1, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo Largest embassy in Kojo OGFmapicon.png map
{{Draco}} - Hiki-michi 18, Gankakuchō-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Samiloor}} Bernardo Domepossemet Kuwilmárū-michi 7, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Ardisphere}} Mercurio Ma Mējiki-daitō X, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo Ardispherian diplomatic registry E-022 OGFmapicon.png map
{{Wiwaxia}} Alicia Ribband Hōrōken-tásu-sol X, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo Features an comparatively extensive garden OGFmapicon.png map
{{Řots}} Ms Bīveřpi Tontet Ōka Sandō-michi 19, Ōnagara-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Neo Delta}} - Ginja-tsu 3, Senjahi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Jefferson}} James Burbank Freedom-Road 76, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Cariocas}} - Fushaelmyung 3, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Neberly}} - Sátarditué-daitō X, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Østermark}} Jonas Halldén Jugyaru-sol X, Kami so Kuruchi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Latina}} - Dorejji-michi 1, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Montran}} Hugh Trotter Fyaengzu-taryou-michi 7, Gankakuchō-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Khaiwoon}} - Igyoen-Yáyajol-michi 6, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo To enter side street as a non-resident one must hold a Khaiwoonese passport; "Excellence in Relaxation" hotel caters only to those individuals. OGFmapicon.png map
Hoppon - Mēonra Nobun'ga Kamul Gúwan 3, Kūtokkyaen-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo Next to the first permanent bridge in Pyingshum, Mēonra Nabun'ga Kamul from 1668. Official diplomatic representation of Hoppon to Kojo since "The vein princess" Nobun'ga from Hoppon married into the Pyilser Dynasty in 1622, current building from 1668. OGFmapicon.png map
{{Aorangëa}} - Aóran'gaē-toku 10, Lí-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Mergany}} - Rerefuewang-kesha X, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Balam-Utz}} - Balam-Utz-michi X, Gankakuchō-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Tárrases}} Bernardo Domepossemet Shoséndael-Mangu-michi 7, Gankakuchō-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo Consulate only OGFmapicon.png map
{{Belphenia}} - Rerefuewang-kesha X, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Antharia}} - Palman-Sogaéz-joenmi 2, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Mauretia}} Algo. Uresmo Bekarolniyet Rue d'Ataraxie X, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Broceliande}} - Rue d'Ataraxie X, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo Broceliande Culture Institute next door OGFmapicon.png map
{{Teberia}} - Fin'gya-mael X, Gankakuchō-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo Situated in a former countryside summer residence OGFmapicon.png map


The following table lists all of Kojo's diplomatic missions abroad:

Country/Organisation Ambassador Since Address Notes
Luciano Flag FA.png Ardisphere Shí Ungman'gyal (m) 2014 Calle Virgilio Morris No 10002, Barrio Darío Toledano, Delegación VII, Villa Constitución, DF Ardispherian diplomatic registry VC-020
Flag-Ataraxia-v1.png Ataraxia Soru Kyendau 2015 X
Flagrots.png Řots Lu Máolyeng 2015 Irtosuřē Kassā 19, Nekkar 20214, Řots
Flag-of-Delta.PNG Neo Delta Lang Lan (m) 2015 2 Kaddib Avenue, Malojdeh City Center
Wiwaxia Flag.jpg Wiwaxia Byeaffu Chū (m) 2015 Silk Hill Road 88, Wiwaxmouthe, Wiwaxia
Flsg.jpg Pretany/Assembly of Nations Araeng Zō-Tilman 2015 Location
SamiloorFlag110815.png Samiloor Zúta-George Jaesum (m) 2015 Location
Flag itc1.png Cariocas Bichi Tol-mam (f) 2016 Location
Karolia flag.png Karolia Yōsuke Choelsin (m) 2016 Maasriiäs Őt X, Säntjana
Ostermark Flag.jpg Østermark Yin Yuzu (f) 2016 Grønholmsvægen 234, Mynninghamn
Latflag.png Latina Kole Suzumyume (m) 2016 80, Calle Larth Porsenna, Latina Cidudad
Montran Flag.jpg Montran Nām-daeréng Yocchi (m) 2016 Welch Avenue X, Anderton
Khaiwoon flag.png Khaiwoon Fyuengli De Jen'na-Madám (f) 2016 Ambassadors Blvd. X, Khaiwoon Occupies a block in front of the metro station 4.5 - Diplomatic Quarter together with the Kojolese Cultural Institute and the Kojolese industrial, business and trade association (Khaiwoonese branch office).
Hoppon Gyoecchi San-myuegel (m) 2016 Embassy Row X, Arabahika Place Holder
Aorangëa flag.svg Aorangëa Sabine Trempel (f) 2016 Embassy Loop X, Governemnt Territories, Capital Territory
Balam utz flag.png Balam-Utz Honken Danzoeri (m) 2016 Olaconia X, Internacional, Motul
TarrasesFlagforMini.png Tárrases Igyol-Taérahing Mansol (m) 2016 Calle Luna 41, Ttomymor, Viejo Tárrases Consulate

(Xes indicate uncertainties concerning the embassy's address; if there are information missing you're able to provide, feel free to enter them)

Kojo is a member of the Eastern Ulethan Organisation of Independent Allies (EUOIA).

Culture

Language

Main article: Kojoshi
The national language is Kojolese, or Kojoshi in its own wording. Modern Kojolese came into existence after the great migration wave, and therefore compromises of most of the grammar from ancient Pyilser(Պյիլսըռ in ancient Pyilser, the language spoken around today's Pyingshum), but then came under massive Hopponese influence when Chihaya Nabunga "The Vain" married into the Pyilser-krun'a dynasty shortly before the whole country was unified by Surb Rēkku. The alphabet was commissioned and spread by his son. Today basically every Kojolese citizen speaks Kojolese fluently and as their first language, and only 1.5% of the country's residents are not considered fluent (C1 or above), most of whom are expats only living in the country temporarily. As a result, all types of media, business and government business is dealt with in Kojolese. There are no regional languages, but a range of distinct dialects. In the west, namely Sappaér-iki, Ataraxian can be considered a small minority language in some rural communities near the border.

Since Kojoshi is not a major language of world-commerce, and rarely taught outside of neighbouring countries at all, Kojo's economy relies on a workforce educated in foreign languages. This, as well as immigration throughout the 20th century and since, has led to 79% of the population claiming to be able to hold a conversation in a language excluding their mother tongue, and 37% claim to be able to do so in at least two languages.

Family structures and last names

Further information: Harsanīgi ("(Family) Marriage")
Traditional family structures in Kojo differ from more Christic-influenced cultures in a number of ways. This is reflected both in traditional Symvanist rites as well as the modern legal framwork:

Man and woman with their children traditionally form the nuclei family in the Symvanist faith, however the institution of "marriage" (Harsanīgi) is reserved for parents and their children. As a pre-stage, comparable to an engagement, there is the optional "Umkyol", in which a couple promises each other to form a Harsanīgi once the first child is born. Once a new Harsanīgi is formed, the couple decides on a new last name for them and their children; last names therefore are not inherited, and are called nálnūm (literally "chosen name"). In the traditional system, children stay in their parents' Harsanīgi until they themselves found a new family. In modern times it became established practice however to celebrate the (often times very emotional) "parting" when the child moves out.

While these traditional concepts are reflected in the modern legal code, the issue of marriage and family is handled in a slightly modified way. Any two people (above the age of 18) may "marry" and form an "Umkyol" legally recognised by the state. The religious ceremony is of no interest to the state, and is carried out by the respective couples as they please. In a legal sense, the spouses now form a communal household, which goes with a number of legal benefits and liabilities; on one hand, the couple's income is assumed to to be evenly spread amongst them, usually resulting in lower tax brackets (especially when one spouse earns considerably more than the other). Other legal rights that go with being married include visitation rights in hospitals or prisons, matters of conscience when one spouse is unable to respond (such as organ donations or life prolonging measurements), inheritance law and many more.

On the other hand, the communal household is also seen as the foremost provider of social security, and sometimes acts as one recipient to the government. Unemployment benefits, nursing allowances etc. can be vastly reduced if the other partner is above certain income thresholds, spouses are usually assumed to vouch for each other and can rarely default on their debts individually etc.

Children born out of wedlock are explicitly granted the same rights as other children by the constitution and family law. In legal terms, only the spouses are part of the Umkyol (which doesn't change its name in legal matters after children are born), and their children are simply their children. Children up to the age of 18 are taken into account as full household members and therefore usually reduce the tax bracket once more. Low income families might receive additional benefits.

Once a married couple bears its first child, they are allowed to choose a new family name for themselves and their child(ren). As a result, Kojo today has one of the most diverse range of last names, as couples can choose traditional or religiously meaningful names as well as neologisms. The choice of the "chosen name" is regarded as one of the most important step stones in live, and is often seen as very telling in regards to the choosing couples character. Despite the overall non-religiousness of the Kojolese people, the ceremonial foundation of a Harsanīgi and the proclamation of a new last name is one of the traditional rites that has retained a high degree of practice and prestige, often equally important to the more formal Umkyol ceremony.

Like many developed countries, Kojo experienced a decline in the importance of family structures during the course of the 20th century, with an increase of patchwork families and single parents as well as homosexual couples and other non-traditional forms of family.

Preservation

Buildings Objects Intangible Landscapes Description
AN Taē so Zaráng
AN World heritage
Assigned by the AN. Every world heritage is also a national treasure etc.
Azaggudaeki Gántsu
National Treasure
Azaggudaeki Tsungbondaeki Kuttuem
National Cultural Custom
Azaggudaeki Shárukanyaelorau Ferapū/Tasha
National Protected Reservate/Landscape
Assigned by Parliament and Government, implies unconditional efforts for preservation.
Émino Tsungbondaeki Gukyaei
Outstanding Cultural Property
Assigned by Parliament and Government, implies high national efforts for preservation
Zóngmo Tsungbondaeki Gukyaei
Important Cultural Property
Maecchaē Tsungbondaeki Kuttuem
Great Cultural Custom
Dōdaeki Shárukanyaelorau Ferapū/Tasha
Regional Protected Reservate/Landscape
Assigned by above and/or regional administrations, implies (limited) public efforts for preservation
Genji Tsungbondaeki Gukyaei
Local Cultural Property
Assigned by above and/or cities; local subsidies might be granted to private owners, but mostly restrictive measures against alteration or demolition.

Food

Vaguely defined food regions in Kojo

Cuisine varies widely between the different regions, and is influenced by the local climate, coasts, and neighbouring countries. These regions are only vague guidelines, and represent general cultural regions in Kojo. Pyingshum and its surrounding are in a special position, as the capital has drawn immigrants from the rest of the country since centuries.

As a general characteristic of Kojolese eating culture, the Kojolese are very specific about their breakfast, especially on the weekends when people don't have to work. On these days off, it is custom to prepare a late but opulent breakfast (similar to a brunch, but with a different choice of food items), which is taken in with friends or family and can last very long. Lunch then is usually skipped, and an equally grand Dinner late in the evening closes the day.

Television

Television is widely spread in Kojo as a medium of entertainment and information. There are two public and a large number of private broadcasters, many of whom broadcast on more than one channel.

The country's largest broadcaster, KT1 (Kojo so Telébizyon ara, "Kojolese television one"), is a private media conglomerate that dates back to 1942, making its main channel the second oldest TV channel in the country and the oldest still in operation. The company's various channels generate a combined 26% of all viewership in Kojolese TV. Its headquarters are situated in Gaerié so-Pang, Pyingshum. Its channels cover a broad range of topics, from light entertainment to high culture and political news.

The second largest broadcaster, YKT (Yaére Kojo so Telébizyon, "Second Kojolese television") was founded in 1961. It was believed that two independently organized public broadcasting companies were needed to ensure unbiased news overage and reciprocal control. The viewership share is estimated to be 23%. The broadcaster's headquarter is situated in Ojufyeng, and also keeps a studio for coverage from the capitol in Gankakuchō-Pang, Pyingshum.

BKCH (Byoenbi Kojo so Chúngko, "General Kojo radio communication"), is the nations third largest media outlet, accounting for 22% of viewer share in the television market. However BKCH also provides public radio stations, both national and local, as well as Kojo's international radio station KR1. BKCH's radio channels account for around two thirds of national listenership. BKCH was founded by the government in 1947 and constituted the second TV channel available in the country and the first public one.
The broadcasting agency keeps a studio inside the Humenyamin Chezi complex in Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum, next to the ministry of interior and with the main studio looking out onto the Jōbunhakke. The agency's main administration however is seated in the inner part of Yoyomi, with the largest recording facility situated in the suburb of [[]].

Other large outlets (all private) include, in descending order of viewer share: {...}

Festivals

Kojo features a wide range of both local and nation-wide festivals. Ranging from ancient processions to venerate saints and goddesses, over national holidays of historical significance such as the storm on the palace which marks the begin of the democratic revolution from 1834, to modern open-air pop-music events that became set days in every fans's schedule, those gatherings form an important anchor in the yearly calendar.

  • Kwang'gang This type of carnival takes place in Yoyomi, in the second week of April, and is characterised by costuming and parades through the city centre.
  • amha pitōn a yearly gathering of mostly alternative and artisty folks, usually on a large open field or grass plain somewhere in the countryside. About 6 days of intense partying and radical self-expression.
  • ...
Members of the Eastern Ulethan Organisation of Independent Allies (EUOIA)
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  1. "Ushi Saral's Introductory Guide to Kojolese Politics". Saral, K.K. Kwaengdō, Kojo. 2009. Retrieved 20 March 2009.