Latina

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6, -13.400, 44.978
Republic of Latina
Republica Latina
Flag of LatinaSeal of Latina
FlagCoat of arms
Motto:
"abrir"
go on!
Anthem:
Samba pa ti, Carlos Santana (since 2011)
Capital
and largest city
Latina (Ciudad)
Official languagesLatinian, a spanish language
 • Regional languagesa lot of them, see at left
NationalitiesLatinian (91 %), Zylandian (3 %), Strangers (3 %), Natives (3 %)
DemonymLatinians
GovernmentPresidential Republic
 • PresidentFernanda Lopez
LegislatureCortes
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseCortes
GDP (PPP)2014
 • Total4.120 trillion
 • Per capita$xyz
GDP (nominal)2014
 • Total$xyz trillion
 • Per capita$xyz
HDI (2012)Increase 0.912
very high
TimezoneWUT + 3 h (45°)
CurrencyLatina Pound (L£ or LL)
Drives on theright
Internet TLD.la / .lc

Latina is a land in the southeast of the continent of Tarephia. Latina has 111 324 253 inhabitants (2015), so roundabout 95 to a km².

The whole land lays south of the equator. From west to the east the land is ca. 1.500 km, from north to the south ca. 600 til 1.200 km. The most northern point is 7.9730° S and in the south the land reached to 20.6836° S. The most western point is 33.8733° E, to the east we reach on the continent 49.8756° E, at the islands near Van Pelt City 50.1887° E.

Before the reform of the longitude about 50° some of this island was the only part of the land laying in the eastern hemisphere. The latinian standard time is now taken from the local time of 52.5° E (3 hours away), because it is nearer at the most area of the land as the 37.5° or the 67.5° of eastern latitude.

The land is famous for his export of hard and solid timber, meat, wine, beer, coffee and industrial machines and cars with the trademark "Made in Latina". Since 1909 the land has a closed cooperation with the land of Zylanda and since 1965 the same currency, the Latina Pound (L£ or LL). Latinian ships sail in all harbours of the world.

Area

Latina is great 1.325.177 km², with 3 miles water = 1.390.879,56 km². This area is divited in

  • Woods:
  • Grassland:
  • Orchards and Vineyards:
  • Farmland:
  • Lakes:
  • Towns, Streets, Railways etc:

People

Latina has 111 324 253 inhabitants (2015), so roundabout 95 to a km². Most of the people lives at the western side of the Sierra Grande, so there is a denser population as in the eastern part of the land. From that reason in the western part the net of roads and railways are more denser.

All childs learn in school to speak "latinian", the main-language, a spainisk dialect. In some areas as a local (second) language the people speak italiask, frenkish, danisk, czekisk, ingelsk, germish or dutchisk too. 52 % of the people are female, the average lifetime is 78 years (men) or 84 years (women). In Latina lives 3 022 900 citizens of Zylanda with an special right nearly as latinian citizens. Roundabout 4 000 000 people are strangers and 3 924 657 are natives with special status. There are three reservates, where native people can - if they want - live in their own culturell environment and can speak the indigene languages.

After the roots of anchestors roundabout 39 % of the people say, they are iberisk (spanisk or portuguesk), 32 % from other romanisk roots, 12 % dutchyk, 7.5 % indigen, 4 % germic, 2,5 % skandinavisk, 1,5 % czechisk or other slavisk roots and the rest of 2.5 % have other roots. Surely a lot of people have mixed roots, this statistic so seen is very theoretical.

Government

Latina is a parlamentarial democracy with a strong positioned president. The Constitution is from the year 1824. To vote, you must be 18 years. You must be 25 years, to can be elected and 40 years, to can be president. To be member of the Senat, you must be 50 years. All Latinian have one voice. For all own childs under 18 you have half a voice too (one half for the mother, one half for the father).

Cortes

The Cortes (parliament) have now 503 members, elected all 5 years (at last in 2011). From the 503 members of the cortes 187 are women.

From "right" to "left" the parties in the Cortes today are

   PVC (Partido Vera Christianismo - real christians) with 29 seats
   LC (Liberal Conservatives) with 140 seats
   AA (Amigos Animalos - friends of the animals) with 27 seats
   PyA (Liberales y Atheos - Liberals and Atheists) with 30 seats
   PSL (Pardido Socialistico Latinian) with 221 seats
   PV (Partido Verde - the "green") with 48 seats
   PCL (Partido Communisto de Latina, Sixt Internationale) with 8 seats

main article Cortes of Latina

Senat

The Senat (senate) has 50 members, elected from the cortes, the senate itself and the president for the lifetime of the member. The head of the senate (capitano = speaker) has two voices if it is 25:25, so then there are 51 voices. If one of the senatores died or retired, a new one is to choosen in 6 weeks. From the 50 members of senate 18 were women. All laws must have the majority of cortes and senate.
main article Senat of Latina

President

President today is Fernando Guitrez (PSL) from Mar y Flores. He is in this position since 2004 and in 2016 ends his third periode of gouvernement (three periods of 4 years are allowed, may be three one after the other or with a gap between).
main article Presidents of Latina

Ministeries

The number of ministeries changed sometimes, following the ideas of the actuell government. Actually Latina has this eleven (with this ministers):

  • intern affaires (Lorenzo Hidolgas, PSL)
  • foreign affaires (Ferdinand Gonzales, PSL)
  • infrastructure (Isidora Voux, PSL)
  • defense (the army and marine) (John Armitrage, PyA)
  • agriculture (Eusebio Jutaquin, AA)
  • oeconomics (oeconomics, industry, commerce) (Geraldo Vabos y Menendez, PSL)
  • finances (Bipawaka Topalakko, PSL)
  • oecologics and health (Clarissa Du Bois, PyA),
  • culture (culture, school and university) (Imke Olsson, PSL)
  • social standards (Ronaldo Gonzales, PSL)
  • justice (Maria Fregonis y Verdaguer, AA).

main article Ministeries of Latina

main articele Law courts of Latina

International Relations

Latina is a peace-loving state. So there are taked up with many other countries diplomatic relations (see list of embassies). Latina is always prepaired, to work with other nations in international organisations.

Very closed relations are this to Zylanda and Niulutan-Riu with a toll- and oeconomic-union and the Latinan Pound as currency in this countries and in Lorredion.

Nevertheless has Latina suitable military forces. Exactly and more details as this are secret of the state, but it is known, that Latina has nuclear power.

Provinces of Latina

States or Provinces

Formerly Latina has 35 provinces. 1987 are made of this 35 old only 24 new provinces (incl. Tara - formerly "Rio Liffey"). After the independence of Tara Latina has 23 provinces since 2001. Since 2016-05-01 the city of Cordoba is the 24th province. Out of the provinces are the tree indigene areas.

All provinces have a cortes for local provincial laws and regulations in her capital town. The provinces are divited in several "cantones", only the provinces Latina (Cidudad) and Cordoba in "Delegationes", what in a province is like a canton. The delegationes are divited in "barrios" as other great cities.

The provinces at the eastcoaste (Monte Golario, Valle Vulpeculo, Holland and Grimualdini) - parts of the former colony "New Holland" - are traditionally in a special club for their interests, the "orange club". For them is the orange field at the right side in the flag of Latina. Too Nutria, Rio Oriente, Saguset and Latina (Cidudad) have a special arrangement for the metropolitain devellopement, the "central area". Other reaches as "western", "northern" or "southern" provinces are only for statistical use and no real dividings from the country.

Flags

The flags of the provinces and capital towns of the provinces are shown here. What a flag means, see please in the article over the province.

Code

For postal use every town or village has a Code for delivery with 4 numerals. Every province has a fundus of numbers in a sequenz. So p.e. the capital of the province has 2501 and following, the other towns in the province have numbers with 2601 til 2799. The next province use the numbers beginning with 2801 and so on. Identical numbers with a "0" as start are the telephon-numbers of this area. For a more different usage see in the articles for the province.

"Tara" (Capital New Dublin), the formerly province "Rio Liffey", now is an independent country since 2001. So the numbers 88.. and 89 .. for telephone and post are no more in use in Latina.

List of provinces

Latinian car-number, province Saguset
  • Name: Name of the province
  • Capital: Capital town or city
  • Code: Code
  • Car: Code of the motor-car number (i.e. XX - and one letter for the district and a running number)
  • Inhabitants: Inhabitants of the province (Zensus 2011)
  • km²: Area in km²
  • Density: inhabitants each km²
  • Relation: Link to show the boundary of a province
  • Notes: General remarks

For car-plates of great cities since 1969 see Latina car plates

Name Capital Code Car Inhabitants (Zensus 2011) Area in km² Density Relation Notes
Latina (Ciudad) Latina (Ciudad) 011 LC 10 841 147 3 480.51 2 709 [1]
Saguset Saguset 012 SA 5 623.775 24 327.21 210.6 [2]
Nutria Nutria 015 NU 2 231,148 10 840.45 205.8 [3]
Inca Inca 018 IN 2 481 019 11 178.69 221.9 [4]
Metropol-Region 1 21 178 089 49 826.86 425.03
Cordoba Cordoba 021 CO 5 674 865 1 874.96 3 026.7 [5]
Sierra Ponente Cordoba 022 SP 2 712 813 24 170.22 112.2 [6]
Sierra San Gabriel Linea 024 SG 3.741.664 47 620.08 78.6 [7]
Bisonte Cuneo 027 BI 2.707.291 32 721.32 82.7 [8]
Guimbras Du Bois 031 GU 3.653.743 33.274,22 96.4 [9]
Rio Norte Mendoza 033 RN 4 601 234 26 840.28 152.80 [10]
Valle los Ciervos Applegarden 035 VC 2 037 024 72 011.48 28.3 [11]
Mesa Verde Grisuldy 037 MV 6.381.067 51 603.66 123.78 [12]
Western provinces 2 and 3 31 109 701 286 206.66 106.25
Rio Bravo Givullion 041 RB 6 496 567 67 677.67 92.0 [13]
Rio Oriente Dradunis 045 RO 2 516 263 42 768.56 58.8 [14]
Mil Ojes Topahappan 048 MO 2 536 132 71 178.59 35.6 [15] the land of the lakes
Northern provinces 4 11 742 380 181 624.82 63.7
Scippo Scippo 051 SC 3 119 418 34 815.29 89.6 [16]
Redondo Redondo 054 RE 6 124 198 61 189.85 100.1 [17] the vineyard of Latina
Llanura los Gauados Gentofte 057 LL 2 259 253 114 356.01 19.8 [18] the land of the steaks
Central provinces 5 11 502 869 210 361.15 54.7
Mesa Tinto Delta 061 MT 8 047 170 80 844.18 90.9 [19]
Sierra Levante Mar y Flora 064 SL 4 215 686 65.277,23 64.6 [20]
Montes Azul Belsante 067 MA 3 014 108 101.243,71 29.8 [21]
Southern provinces 6 15 276 964 247 365.12 61.8
Valle Vulpeculo Porto Colon 071 VV 8.322.821 82 827.77 100.4 [22] Tel. 071 too for Taparello
Monte Golario Pugall 075 MG 4.243.645 124 401.94 34.1 [23]
Holland Van Pelt 081 HO 7.256.331 56 681.512 119.2 [24]
Grimoualdini Sagomantes 085 GR 1.592.375 102 198.06 15.6 [25]
Eastern provinces 7 and 8 21.415.172 366 109.28 58,5
Indigen Reservates 091-093 33.570 Reservates
Norte 091 IP_N 9 834 13 222.33 0.7 [26] area for native people
Este 092 IP_E 12 904 -- ? --- area for native people
Sur 093 IP_S 10 832 12 709.72 area for native people

Cities

Capital of the land and greatest city is Latina (Cidudad) with 10 841 147 inhabitants (2011).

Then follow
Cordoba (5 674 865 inhabitants in 2011)
Porto Colon (3.994.322 inhabitants - with the city of Taparello then 4.644.013 inhabitants)
Mendoza (2.654.328 inhabitants 2011)
Van Pelt (1.962.933 inhabitants 2011)
Du Bois (1.644.201 inhabitants 2011)
Saguset (1.3822.324 inhabitants 2011)

Less a million of inhabitants, but more than 500.000 have this cities
Delta (914.644 inhabitants 2011)
Topahappan (867.309 inhabitants 2011)
Givullion (855.720 inhabitants 2011)
Redondo (726.509 inhabitants 2011)
Gentofte (700.093 inhabitants 2011)
Vremyn (684.922 inhabitants 2011)
Taparello (649.691 inhabitants 2011)
Scippo (623.955 inhabitnats 2011)
Belsante (585.809 inhabitants 2011)
Mar y Flora (544.823 inhabitans 2011)
Inca (521 608 inhabitants 2011)
Pugall (515.745 inhabitants 2011)
Linea (501.544 inhabitants 2011)

Main harbours at the eastcoast are Porto Colon, Van Pelt and Pugall. Porto Colon (with Taparello) is the greatest harbour of the land. At the southcoast the main harbour is Saguset, because the bight of Latina is to flat for big ships. Other important ports at the southern sea are Cordoba, Delta and Belsante.


Christian religious administration

Latina is an most christian land, but tolerant in religion. 38 % of people are not religious, 40 % are catholisk christians, 17 % are evangelisk christians and 5 % belongs to other religions (from them = christian free church 1,5 %, islamic 1,5 %, yewish 0,8 %, hinduistic, bhuddistic and others).

catholisk (common way)

Archbishops are set in in Latina (Ciudad) as primas for the whole state of Latina, then in Cordoba for the western provinces, in Mendoza for the northern area, in Redondo for the central provinces, in Mar y Flora for the southern area and in Fragumantis for the eastern provinces. In the eastern reach the evangelisk section is stronger and Fragumantis are choosed for a seat of an catholisk archbishop, to give neither Van Pelt nor Porto Colon an advantage.

In every capital of a province then is the seat of a bishop.

evangelisk (sola scriptura)

Evangelisk or protestsantisk people live more in the central reach around Gentofte or in the eastern privinces, but too as a minority in catholisk arreas. Often there churches are uses from both sides of the christian inhabitants. Sometimes two churches stand like twins at the same place - one catholisk and one evangelisk / protestantisk.

Archbishops are not usual by the evangelisk people, but in the most capitals of a province there is a bishop. In the western area of Latina a bishop is set in for two provinces (Cordoba and Sierra Ponente, Bisonte and Sierra San Gabriel, Guimbras and Mesa Verde or Rio Norte and Valle los Ciervos). The council of all evangelisk bishops in Latina will represent the evangelisk sadministration.

Norms, Laws and Usuals

Latina uses the metric system of measurement (meter, second, gramm)

In Latina cars drive at the right side of the street. Railways and streetcars also run over the right track.

Electic power to the customer is produced with 235 Volt AC with 50 Hertz. Trains run with 15 000 Volt AC with 16 2/3 Hertz. Streetcars run with 500 to 600 Volt DC and metros in Latina with 750 Volt DC.

To get a driving license, men must be 18 years old, women must be 17 years old. On farmland and streets to farmland you may drive agricultural machines with 14 years. If you made dangerous mistakes, you get "points". With 10 or 20 points you lost your license for 6 weeks, with 30 or 40 points you lost your drivers license for a year, with 50 points for the lifetime. A car every two years must be checked at the ITV (Inspection technica de vehiculos).

Men can be married with 18 years, women with 16 years. After a divorce nobody pays at the former partner, but you can made a individual arrangement at a lawyer before the divorce.

All young people older as 17 years had to make a "social year" in a hospital, home for older people, fire-brigade, shelter against catastrophes, natural protection, animal shelter or similiar. You can not study at an university without this social year.

To smoke is allowed always under plain sky. Pubs are declared as smoker or non-smoker. To go in a smoker-pubs, you must be 18 years. In restaurants to smoke is not allowed - but most restaurants have a special smoker-room.

For public health, safety and independence

  • every school must have since 1927 a place for sport beneath
  • all childs older as 8 schould be able to swimm
  • in school boys and girls learn cooking and primary do-it-yourself working
  • on fast food is a higher tax as for other food to avoid people become to fat

Illegal is ... ... driving a car with more than 0.05 % alcohol ("0.5 promille") ... to sell beer or wine to a person under 16 years or to sell spirits to a person under 18 years ... sex with a person under 16 years, if you are older as 18 years ... sex with a person under 14 years, if you are younger as 18 years ... to hear loud music inside a car or telephone at driving.

Holydays and days of rest

Each province can declare one day as day of rest for the province individuell. The other 11 holydas are common for the whole country. If a holyday is at saturday or sunday, it changes to the next monday (without Christmas and New years day).

  • 1st of January always = New years day
  • 20th or 21th of March = Begin of spring - if then is Good Friday, then only Good Friday
  • Good Friday (friday before easter-sunday (first sunday after full moon after begin of spring)
  • Monday of Easter
  • 1st of May = Workers Day
  • 20th or 21th of June = Begin of summer, always with great fires in the villages
  • 16th of July = Day of the independence (1823) of the nation from Castellán
  • 28th of August = Day of the discovering
  • 23th of September = Begin of autoumn, Thanksgiving
  • 25th of December always = Christmas, first day
  • 26th of December always = Christmas, second day

Pentecoste is no day of rest, because most of the christians did not know, why this should be a resting day and because the land is more saeculair. If one will hold an other religious special day, he must take a holyday from work.

After social law all workers have 5 weeks holydays, this is 25 days by work monday to friday or 30 days by work monday to saturday or other arrangement over sunday. The normal time to work after law at day is 7,6 hours (7 hours, 36 minutes) or at week 38 hours.


History

Praehistoric

Flag of the former colony Latina

Since stoneage native tribes lived in Latina (culture of "basketmakers"). Most of them live in tipis, but some in small huts and have some agriculture in the plains of Mesa Verde and Mesa Tinto. They know cows, pigs, dogs and some tribes had sheps. The agriculturian tribes too have cats or tame weasels, to catch the mouses.

So round 1000 BC is to think at ernest ethnic or social wars. In that time the tribes change her gods (from good to bad). So historicans think, that a wide soft and more religious kingdom over the whole land was changed to the supremacy of a lot of local warlords. This old "gods" - so the native people think - were buried in the graves of Gjilapena. This myths are remembered in the poems of Hitatafaka.

As the colonists reached the land of Latina, the native population was roundabout 800.000 people. There was a sort of kingdom in Mesa Tinto and four of them in the Mesa Verde. In the great plain (now Llanura los Guados) and in the mountains there they were hunting nomads, organisated in small tribes.

Colonies of New Holland and Latina

1477 landed Bernard Van Pelt at Collina Island (formerly Pentecoat Island). He foundet the colony of New Holland with the capital Nieuw Durië (New Duria, now Van Pelt City). Til 1600 the colony reaches along the coast til south of Porto Colon, later til Pugall.

Flag of the former colony of New Holland

The Bergez Brothers (Emilio and Ewaldo) are sailing 1488 in the great bight, who carries now her name, and landed at a place, they named Latina. Here two big rivers give the occassion, to go wide in the inner land. First part of Latina was the now "Barrio 1" - a town with rectangeld streets with the shore at the south and rivers and ditches around and a strong fort in the southeast angle. They fonded there the colony of "Latina" from Castellán.

1507 Belsante was founded from independent settlers. This place was long years a pirate-nest, called "The free republic of Belsante". Two Expeditions of the colony of Latina are not able, to end this evil play. Then the colony take more money in the hand and take more ships and so the army of Latina takes over the area 1633 in a short war.

Cordoba was founded 1509 and was then the second greatest town in Latina colony. After the visit of king Fernando III 1510 in the colony of Latina in this town 1513 was founded the first university in Latina.

Til 1520 was clear, that north of Latina (Cidudad) was a wide plain north of the town. Under governor Fernando Torres (1519 - 1531) some expeditions are send out, to explore the rivers Rio Guimbras to the northwest, the Rio Norte to the north and the Rio Saguset to the east. The northern expedition stops at the Porta Ferra and therefore 1523 a new expedition goes over this barricade in the fertil valley of the Rio Norte. The indigen woman Femme des Oiseaux here later plays a romantic role. She was engaged as translator.

Latina arond 1600

1534 the family of the Du Bois settled in Guimbras and build some great domains and the city of Du Bois. Til today the family has great woods and is the richest of the land. At the moment four of them are in the Senate = Guilleaume Du Bois (sen), his nephew Frederic Du Bois, his son Guilleaume Du Bios (jun) and his brother Charles Du Bois. Til 1766 they have its own and independent state, the pricipality of Guimbras or Du Bois. Then the colony of Latina makes an offer, to which was unwise to say "no". Now this formerly state of the Du Bois is the Province of Guimbras and the northern part of the province Bisonte.

On the other hand Eduardo Grimoualdini founded his principality at the frontier of the New Holland colony, existing til 1727.

Til 1600 it was able most to have friendly relations to the native tribes. But then some of them begun to fight against the colonist, who taked her land. So some centuries at the frontier often was to fight against the native people in some cruel wars. Forts like Givullion, Schneewittchen and Esperanza shall shelter the colony. From time to time the native people then maked alliances between them and had choosen "whapals" (what the colonists named as king). So the whapals of Topahappan long time save her independance.

In 1633 the army of Latina wons the war with the pirates of Belsante and join the area of Montes Azul to the colony of Latina.

The situation around the yaer 1700

The colonists of Redondo in the 1720-ies seek the shelter of the troops from New Holland against the indigene tribes. The colony of Latina interpreted this as unfriedly action and so 1729 - 1735 it came to the Redondo War between both colonies. The peace-arrangement see the main range of the Sierra Grande as then fixed boundary between both colonies.

In 1766 the land of Du Bois join to Latina. Condition was, that the family of the Du Bois has still his influence. So this family did not only give the rules in Du Bois, but thereafter in the whole colony in leading positions.

Republic of Southland 1777 - 1807 and 1818 - 1824

War of Independance

1777 the colony of New Holland declare her independence from the "motherland" by the occasion, that there were social struggles. The provinces Rio Liffey, Holland, Valle Vulpeculo (with many latinian settlers) and Monte Golario founded the "Republic of Southland" with the city of "Van Pelt" (formerly Nieuw Durië) as capital. The provinces of Grimualdini and Monte Golario was taken over short time after from troops of the colony of Latina to avoid the independence there. Both "motherlands" of both colonies are working together, to slay down the wish for independence in theyr colonies - and so the rebels in both colonies work together against the "motherlands".

To pay tax - but no seat in the parliament of Castellán? That was not acceptable from the colonists of Latina. So at 1794 the colony of Latina too (as former in New Holland) tried to get independent or to be a real part of Castellán. But there the meaning was, that Latina only was a colony with lesser rights.

Flag of the first republic in Gentofte 1803 - 1807

In the summer of 1799 there was no more patience, the war of independence begun. The "Republic of Southland" send troops over the mountains and at sea to help the fighting latinian people. So at first the occupied provinces Grimualdini and Monte Golario came back to the independence "Republic of Southland".

1802 the rebels, united with the southlandian troops, won the battle of Redondo against the troops of the colony. But it was not able, to take the strong defended capital Latina (Cidudad). So the front stops 150 km east of Latina (Cidudad). Therefore 1803 the rebels make Gentofte to her first capital of an independent area (the southern part of the plain - the Llanura los Guados and Redondo - see blue line). After some successes in the south came the roll-back of the imperiums.

The battle of Schneewittchen (1807) was a disaster for the united colonies, in that year the formerly colony New Holland too newly was occupied from tropps of the old "motherland". The years therafter was a hard time for this poeple, who wish independence and freedom. So the war goes in the underground and it needed some years, if the colonist were able, to strike back.

Situation around 1800

Some years later - 1818 - the colonists won the two battles near Saguset and at last near Dos Gatos at the eastcoast. Many native tribes - payed from the former colony and fighting on this side against the rebels - are defeated in the battle of Topahappan 1821 and the area around Scippo and the southern part of Mil Ojes came to the new republic.

The names of the Govenors of Latina see at the List of govenors in Latina

Unification and Republic of Latina

Both former colonies get theyr formal independence at 16/7/1823 after long negotiation. Here both "motherlands", Castellán and Dagelanden, found her heart for the right of the indigene poeple, so to set the new countries a boundary. So sit five parties around the dish: both motherlands, both former colonies and a group of indigene leaders. The new two states both were republics.

In the first time there were some struggle with the name. Many poeple do not like the old colonial name "Latina" and prefer "Argentina" (so til today many streets are named) or an other name, but the majority accepted the old name.

1824 both colonies (Latina and New Holland) they united to the independent land "Latina" to be stronger together against the old "motherlands". From this reason the provinces at the eastcoast (Tara, Holland, Valle Vulpeculo, Grimoualdini and Monte Golario) have a little other touch as the greater part of Latina. Later the province of Tara 2001 become an independent country and is now no more a part of Latina.

The first railway was build 1844 between Latina-South and Saguset, to join Latina and his new harbour in Saguset. Between 1845 and 1851 the railway Latina - Gentofte - Scippo and Porto Colon was opened and between 1848 and 1851 between Latina - Cordoba - Linea to the western frontier.

1855 under president Vernon Algermiss came the "12-hours-bill" through the Cortes, means maximal 12 hours of work a day.

At 1882 the northern territories (now northern part of Rio Norte and Rio Bravo) join to Latina, because "John, the bear" (Wakahahuppon), the chief of the native tribes, lost the battle of Tentoten. Later he become member of senate and was the initiator for the three reservates for native people.

1889 was a great strike for the 10-hours-day of work. President Charles Du Bois - in the last year of his reign - let the army aginst the workers, so at the "bloody sunday" (14. of April) 239 workers were dead in Latina, 109 in Porto Colon, 112 in Cordoba, 121 in Du Bois and 211 at other places. The cortes and the senate then named Gianni Vongole as president, the people elected him and the "10-hours-bill" (60 hours a week) came throught. Charles Du Bois was killed 1891 by the anarchist Gernot Machenbart.

1900 the right to vote for unmarried woman was established and the "8-hours-bill". So every worker has to work 8 hours dayly (48 hours a week) and has the right of 12 days of holydays in a year.

1906 the married women has the right to vote too.

1921 - after the last "rancher war" the socialist government of president Lubomir Maly set water, oil and electricity under state ownership and control.

1934 was build the first motorway (now # 7) from Latina via Gentofte to Porto Colon

newer times

1987 the formerly 35 provinces were reformed and reduced to 23 provinces.

In 2001 the province of Rio Liffey become independent under the new name "Tara". Latina now has 22 provinces.

Geography

Generally the frontier of Latina is at same time the watershed. So you can say, that all rain fall over Latina runs down in latinian rivers. The eastern provinces Holland, Valle Vulpeculo, Grimoualdini and Monte Golario are divited from the greater part of Latina with the Sierra Grande, a range in north-southern direction, so there all rivers flow to the eastern coast (see red line on the river-graphic).

Rivers

see main-article Rivers in Latina
In the eastern part greatest rivers are the Rio Pernello (mounded in the sea at Van Pelt City) with Rio Zorro (Fox River) south of Van Pelt City and Rio Guermantes (at Fibogonis). In Porto Colon mounded the Colon River with the Pleyel river.

River-system of Latina

At the southcoast there are only small rivers in the northwest (southern part of Sierra San Gabriel and Sierra Ponente). The Sierre Lavante too has only small rivers. In the province of Mesa Tinto flow two rivers from east to west - in the north Rio Hansa and in the south Rio Roberto. This land is surrounded by hills, so it is bowl-shaped and flat like a dish - therefore the name "red dish". Northern part of Montes Azul has the Rio Serpentes, which makes bows and windings like a snake.

Most part of Latina is a great plain, where the rivers all go to the bight of Latina. So from this bight the first colonists have a good way to the heart of the land. Main river from the west is the Rio Guimbras with Rio Bisonte, which go in Latina (Cidudad)in the sea. From the North to Latina (Cidudad) came the biggest river in the land, the Rio Norte ("northern river") with his satellites Rio San Giovanni, Rio Bravo and Rio Oriente. At Saguset the Saguset river go into the sea. In the great plain (Llanura los Guados) at some parts is it not clear, where the water will flow - Rio Saguset or Rio Oriente - the watershed there is relative flat.

Ranges and mountains

Sierra Grande and plains in Latina

Highest mountain of the land is the Monte Golario (5.941 m) at 11, -14.6793, 48.2535. This mountain stands alone, in the north, east and south surrounding by the valley of the Rio Guermantes. At the top of it is the only glacier in Latina.

The nort-south going Sierra Grande (Great Range) is in differnent elevation from 900 m to 5000 m. Rougly said in the north the mountains are higher as in the south. So at the lower parts goes the streets and railways trough the sierra. Highest peak of the range is the Monte Veritas (5.003 m, - -8.9293/45.9004) at the northern boundary of Latina, lowest point the Elk-pass with 907 m.

Several parts of the land are surrounded of mountains, so there are flat pans (northern part of the province Rio Norte, the Mesa Tinto plain, the Mesa Verde plain. At Applegarden the Rio Norte goes to the south trought the mountains in a small canyon, the Porta Ferra ("iron door").

others

North of Cordoba - near Meteoro - is a grand crater of a meteor (roundabout 45 million years ago - 10, -13.2433, 37.3643). In the north in the province Mil Ojes ("1000 eyes") are many lakes, buildt by the rivers with the stones from the mountains around. They most go north to south and the water flow over the Rio Bravo. Generally Latina has no big lake, only in middle shape til 20 or 30 km.

In the northwest part of the province Monte Golario 10, -14.3050, 46.4447 are four hot springs - the "fuente termas" Carlos, Lancia, Isabella and San Isidor. Some others lay in the north and west of the country

Natural Parks

In Latina are a lot of natural-parks, in nearly all provinces one or more. In this area is no agriculture allowed and the wood is untached. To go in is only allowed at defined places and roads. Rangers of the state have the overlook and the only right for hunting, if necessary. So the natural flora and fauna of Latina shall be preserved. A list of National Parks in Latina see there.


Natural Resources

Natural resources in Latina

Metals

Not many gold, but a lot of copper is found in Latina. Other metals as tin or zinc can be exported. Rarer metals as tungsten, chrome or nickel is only for the own industry, but not enought for the export. Iron is always found under the gras as rough ore.

Oil, gas, coal

A rich oil-field is under the grass of the Llanura los Guados. So you see often a hoard of cattle beneath the bore-hole or the oil-pump. All oil is managed by the Latina Oil Company

Coal ist most found in the eastern area, so that there was the start of latinian industry. Latina self has 87 % of his requirements, so to import is relative few. In newer time solar-energy makes the part, that become greater. Electrizity now is with 68 % from solar-power and this will be more in the future.

Fertility

In the plains of Mesa Verde, Mesa Tinto and the valley of the Rio Norte the soil is very fertil. Here is able a dense agriculture. The more hilly land of Redondo has best supposition for wine and in the smaler valley at the southcoast grow olives. The central grassland of the Llanura los Guados are better land for cattles. Always in the mountains is managed forest for solid and hard wood. So timber is a main article for the export in Latina. Latina is famous for his highland-coffee.

Animals

One of the important export-products of Latina is meat. Nevertheless animals in Latina have a strong grade of shelter. They are too per law seen as persons with feelings and as natural ressource. So every town has its amimal-shelter (Hojar por animalos) with peoples, payed from the town.

Animals, who will slaughtered, must have a life of freedom before death. For the cattle at the haciendas (ranches) are set maximum numbers of animals for an km². Pigs must run free on the farms in fenced meadows. The transport to the slaughterhouses must be short and under certain conditions and the killing of the animals not cruel. May be, the price for meat so in Latina is higher as in other countries, but this is taken from the people for better meat and better feeling against animals.

Wild animals in the woods can be hounted each year to an quoted limit and as usual only from proofed hunters. Some sort of rare animals are under special shelter.

Economy

Import / Export

Latina is exporting a lot of meat. In the Llanura los Gauados is the main district for beef. The Organización de vender de Carne de vacuno (OVCV) sells worldwide the latinian meat.

Latina Wine ist famous over the world. The red wine full of body (Latin Blood) is well known. But too excellent other wines will be sold (so the Redondo Specials). In the Mesa Tinto too grows barley for the well known "Bremen" beer.

Latina is exporting famous brands of coffee - so the Café del Norte-brand.

"Made in Latina" is a quality mark for machines, cars and other industrial goods.

Ferias

In Latina there are established Ferias (exhibitions, Messen) in several towns to show the high standard of latinian industry or agriculture goods or other civilisatoric topics.

The most important is in Latina near the national stadium 14, -13.4740, 39.7204 and then in Porto Colon the old Feria 15, -13.2624, 48.8214and the new Feria 14, -13.1130, 48.6561 and too a great Outlet-Center. Other Ferias are in Van Pelt 15, -10.7427, 49.0130, Cordoba 14, -13.7177, 37.2776, Mendoza, Du Bois, Gentofte, Givullion, Saguset and Topahappan.

Monopoles

Work in progress This list is incomplete. It will be expanded in the future.

Some goods of existenciell importance or because tax-reasons lay in the hand of the state

  • water = the stately Latina Agua served fresh water and collected the waste water
  • oil = the stately Latina Oil managed this ressource
  • electricity = the stately Poder Latina handled it
  • tabacco = the stately Tabaco Monopol control this good to get the tax of it in simply manner

For better export-marketing the state supported


Transportation

For generell Information see Standard Maps Latina

Streets

Motorways in Latina

see main article National roads in Latina

Streets of more than communal importance have a number. The system is
° 1 to 9 = Motorways from Latina (Cidudad) to the other important towns and til the boundary
° 10 = Belt-Motorway around Latina (Cidudad)
° 11 to 13 = Motorway at the southcoast
° 14 to 16 = Motorways to Cordoba
° 17 to 19 = North-south junctions
° 20 to 29 and a part of 30 = other motorways or trunk-roads
° 30 til 39 = National roads, to be upgraded til trunk-road
° 40 to 99 = National roads ("primary")
° 100 to 199 = regional roads ("secondary") in the metropolitain area
° 200 to 999 = regional roads ("secondary") in other parts of the country

Tertiary roads are numbered with a green lettered shield with the reference of the province and a running number, in each proivince beginning with # 1. At the boundary of the province the number of the tertiary-street changes.

Motorway # 21 at the eastcoast is just in construction. The route # 25 from Saguset to the northern frontier now partly is a trunk-road. Here are the upgrade to a motorway in work.

New in September 2014 is the international motorway tunnel to Islyen. For the approach is buildt the new motorway # 22 and motorway # 1 is upgraded west of Cordoba in this part to 3 lanes each.

Street-numbers in Latina

On motorway normaly lay two lanes in each direction, but some routes have 6 lanes - so at route # 1 Latina - Cordoba - junction with motorway 22 to the international tunnel to Beaudry, route # 7 Latina - Porto Colon, route # 4 Latina - Mendoza, route # 9 Latina - Saguset and the whole route # 10, the belt-motorway around Latina (Cidudad) and some other shorter parts of the motorway-net (see at the graphic).

At the motorways is no general speed-limit, but at points with busy traffic it is with electronical given signals limited to 120 km/h, 100 km/h, 80 km/h or lesser.

Railway

see main article Railways in Latina

Latina has a national railway-net (all tracks are owned by the state), the RENFEL (Red Nacional de los Ferrocarils Latinias). All standard-railway have the international spur of 1,43 m, the hi-speed "AVE"-trains the broader spur of of 1,78 m. Nearly all railways in Latina were driven electric - only few goods-trains go with diesel. On the other hand there are several organisations, who made events with historic steam-trains. This is allowed only at the weekend.

First railway in Latina was 1844 the route from Latina (Cidudad)-Sur to Saguset by the LSR (Latina Southern Railway). As next came in use the route to Porto Colon (PCR - Porto Colon Railway) from the eastern Station (now abadonned, lays in the area of the recent Central Station) in different steps from 1845. The line to the eastcoast was build to Poto Colon instead to the at that time greater town Van Pelt, because the way to Porto Colon was roundabout 150 km shorter (1.000 km instead of 1.150 km) and the native tribes in the area near Topahappan are only 20 years ago defeated from the republic.

First line of the "AVE" hi-speed-trains with new tracks for this system was opened 1974 with two lines between Latina-Central and Du Bois and Mendoza. 1989 a new junction was build from Latina-Central to Latina-Sur, so that the AVE-trains from the north can go throught to the AVE-route to Saguset and Belsante in the south.

Metro

A net of metro-lines (subways) are established in Latina (Cidudad) with 18 lines, in Cordoba and Porto Colon each with with 13 lines, in Mendoza with 7 lines, Saguset with 5 lines, Du Bois with 4 lines, Linea and Van Pelt each with 3 lines. see main article Metros in Latina

Streetcars

Other great towns as Van Pelt, Delta, Givullion, Gentofte, Scippo, Vremyn, Belsante, Mar y Flora or Topahappan use a net of tram-lines. The greatest is in Van Pelt with 26 lines. Too in the most cities with a net of metro-lines some streetcar-lines have survived. see main article Streetcars in Latina

Airports

Airports in Latina

Latina has three great intercontinental airports in Latina (Cidudad), Porto Colon, and Cordoba. The airport of Van Pelt is normally one with international traffic, but in Van Pelt will start the most intercontinental routes to Zylanda.

International traffic starts from Du Bois, Mendoza, Scippo / Redondo and Topahappan.

Reginal airports we have in Tentoten, Belsante, Guvillion, Saguset, Mar y Flora, Linea, Delta, Pugall and Bremen.

Culture

Praehistoric

Situation of the monument

main article Gjilapena

Impressioned monument of the native poeple are the "Holy graves of the gods" in the Great Range at Gjilapena in the western part of province Valle Vulpeculo 11, -12.9567, 45.9518. A great circle of 364 stones of 150 m radius includes the main stone-pyramide. South of this arrangement are three other great stone-pyramides. The pyramides are worked from rough stones, one layed over the other. The weight of the stones differ from 100 kg to 6 tons. The pyramide inside of the stone-circle is 30 m, the other three between 16 and 20 m. Interesting are the number of 364 stones of the circle. If this should symbolisize the days of a year, they are nearby.

main articel Hitatafaka The indigene people of Latina had a historic tradition, documented as oral poetry, the "hitafataka". For every year was sung a traditional verse. Today historicans have more at more the opinion of real historic facts.

Colonial and modern time

some Text

First writer of importance were Geronimo Gonzales (1644 - 1693) with pieces for the theater and Nepomuk Du Bois (1701 - 1724), the early died genius. His romance "Bianca" is til now lecture in schools wordwide. John Pedersen (1809 - 1887) is the "Goethe" of this land with his enormous work. Not to forget Dolores Dechamp (1822 - 1888), the first female writer of importance. In newer times Carla Bretigny, born in Zylanda, Krixan Haddadswin and Oswaldo Morales y Pelayo are important stars at the literally scene of Latina.

The first painter was Frederico Gomez y Chobatos (1644 - 1701) ..... The abstract style of Eduard Kaminsky (1887 - 1965) was influencal for many epigones. Now the star of postmoderne style is "Bempo" (Isidor Himez, born 1957) - every small picture is worth a milion.

Music in Latina has hight importance. The classical Fernando Bregammis (1788 - 1844) is .... In the pop-culture is not to overlook Gerald Attenborn, "the great king" (born 1942). Now older, but the noise is the same.

Not only in Cinecitta in the Palermo-Barrio of Latina (Cidudad) - at other places in the land as Du Bois and Taparello too - are made a lot of films and TV-shows. Not only in latinian language, but synchronisized in other languages too it is an important part of the export from the country.

At least the comic-scene. The cat-comic of ["Ziggie"] is populaire at the children.

Latinian writers, artists or actors / actress

Southern islands scientificic station

At [27] Latina had a scientificic station at the southern island in cooperation with other exploring nations there.

Sport and Leisure

football

for football see Latina (Football)

sailing

horseracing

for horseracing see Latina (Horseracing)


Other things of interest

  • National lottery "ONCE"
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