|8, 43.227, 135.783|
|Royal Dominion of Mauretia|
"Qie protegia Eloa lem Mauroim"
May God protect the Mauroi people.
Esmes al Eloa
|Capital||None (see below)|
|• Melka (Queen)||Gabriela III bat Klafesa|
|• Duxtore di qoncilo (Leader of parliament)||Beniyamin bon Dangisos|
|Legislature||Parliamensa ar Mauretia|
|• Upper house||Qoncilo de Publea|
|• Lower house||Qollegia dem Adanem|
|• Total||36170.14 km2|
|• Water (%)||26.6|
|• Census (2013)||5,773,698|
|• Total||$252.824 billion|
|• Per capita||$43,789|
|HDI (2016)|| 0.891|
|Timezone||Maureti Time Standard (WUT +8:30)|
|Currency||Maureti Numa (Ɲ) (MMN)|
Mauretia, officially the Royal Dominion of Mauretia (Maurit: Melknas Mauretia), is a small, densely populated country in Eastern Uletha. A member of the Eastern Ulethan Organisation of Independent Allies, it borders Ahalaclas to the northeast, Raiden to the southeast, Alpachia to the southwest, and the Gulf of Volta (Li tabrea) to the west. The largest city is Iola, which also serves as one of the nation's most prominent port cities. Its largest port is in the second largest city, Tangia. No city in Mauretia has a population greater than one million people, but the Iola–Kendola and two Tangereyi metropolitan regions comprise nearly 70% of the entire nation's population. The Maureti government is a constitutional, parliamentary monarchy with powers split between the head of state and the parliament. The seat of the legislative branch and most government facilities are concentrated in Iola; but the monarch resides in nearby Qolna Mauretana.
Mauretia was first settled by Ponqtai, Fonti, and Amzigri peoples in the fifth century BC as they established trading colonies across the eastern part of the continent. Its strategic minerals and fertile lands made it an ideal place for Romantish expansion to the fringes of eastern Uletha in 2nd century BC. The Romantish–Ponqta War subdued the military resistance of the different native peoples. The native Amzigri and Fonti populations became heavily Romantisized by the time their trading network was inhibited by the Great Eastern Ulethan Collapse in the late 5th century. The sub-Romanti kingdoms in Mauretia survived the turbulent next two centuries and were unified in the 7th century under King Akasil and his daughter, Queen Daya. Her work expanded and promoted the fledgling trade links with central Uletha, and Mauretia quickly emerged as a major sea-faring power. Although its rivers are largely not navigable far inland, the Maureti people developed a sophisticated ancient roadway network for overland trade. Many of these roads remain to the present as a major thoroughfares through the countryside. Although trade with western Uletha waned a bit again in the 13th centuries, Mauretia's strategic location allowed it to flourish with the settlement and growth of its nearby neighbors. Over the last two centuries, the nation has fostered a highly developed banking system along with a blooming fishing industry, stable mining industry, and growing production in chemical and pharmaceutical sectors.
Mauretia has set an indigenous branch of the Christic movement as the national religion, but freedom to worship and proselytize is guaranteed by the constitution. The Christic movement first arrived in Mauretia during the end of the 1st century AD. The Mauretian (or Mauroi) Church, the primary Christic denomination in the country, traces its origins to the mission work of the Saints Andrew and Mark (Sansum Andaros u'Marqus). Among those from Mauretia were important early Christic figures, such Saint Augustanus. The fourth century, however, a number of heresies arose and caused strife within the Maureti Christic community. A council in 451 brought the Maureti Christics into direct conflict with its sister branch in southwestern Uletha. Although the schism was partially reconciled, the simultaneous decline of maritime trade fanned other religious tensions and led to frequent conflict. Oriental Christic branch regained its position as the official religion of the nation with its unification in the seventh century. A small pagan population has remained and even further developed as more ancient artifacts from the pre-Christic period are unearthed.
The name Mauretia is a Romantish word that likely has its origins as a corruption of Marro and Maszaéa, two of the most prominent Amzigri tribes of antiquity. The name Mauretia became synonymous with the entire peninsula and eventually was ascribed to the different sub-Romanti kingdoms. As a result, it became the name of the unified kingdoms in the seventh century. The term Mauroi evolved similarly from the name of the Marro tribe and eventually became a demonym of the entire population. Even though the words are often viewed as interchangeable abroad, the government officially uses the term "Maureti" to refer to the nation and its institutions and "Mauroi" to refer to the nation's citizens The word Maszaéa evolved into the toponym of the province Massaeya.
The area of Mauretia was first settled in the fifth century BC by a coalition of trading tribes of Ponqtai, Fonti, and Amzigri origins. They constructed trading colonies along the coast of the Gulf of Volta near modern Tangia, Lušedira, and Iola. From here, their trade spread across the eastern part of the continent, with hubs throughout Raiden, Mergany, Mauretia, Orinoco, and as far south as Belphenia. Cities grew around these early Maureti colonies. Tangia, Tasaqora, Iqosa, Lissa, and Pomalia were all established during the period from the fourth century BC to the second century BC. Mauretia's natural resources and location in eastern Uletha made it a target of Romantish merchant expansion. By the 2nd century BC, Romantish raiders and merchants had seized control of most trading locations along the coast and further established cities, such as Tenya and Salda. Tenya, for example, was established by the Romantish to compete with and out-shine Amzigri-dominanted Iola. Even so, the rugged terrain along the coastline prevented the Romantish leagues from conquering much of the interior. A coalition of native peoples kept control over the mountains and highland plains. Ethnic tensions boiled over after the first 50 years of Romantish coastal control. The Romantish–Ponqta War subdued the military resistance of the different native peoples along the coast, but it also weakened the ability of the Romantish to dominate trade routes into the interior. A cautious peace unfolded that prospered as long as trade links remained fruitful. Over the next four hundred years, the native Amzigri and Fonti populations became somewhat Romantisized. The exchange of goods and knowledge between the groups had assured this intermixing. The Ponqtai, however, resisted the Romantisization. They remained isolated in a few northern coastal cities through the fifth century AD.
The Christic movement arrived in the last couple years of the first century AD. According to the legend, Saints Mark and Andrew (Sansum Marqus u'Andaros) were responsible for bringing the faith to Mauretia. They were met with initial success in Tangia, which has remained the seat of the Patriarchate of Tangia. Subsequent missions to the coastal cities found very limited success. The Amzigri interior, however, took hold of Christicism quickly. By about 150, it was said that only the more Romantish coastal cities in Mauretia were not fully evangelized. From the Romanto-Amzigri tribes came some great pillars of the Christic faith, like Saint Augustanus. A conflict of interest with the southwestern Ulethan church, however, came to the fore in the early fifth century. The Patriarch of Tangia was nearly anathematized and the Mauroi Church reciprocated by rejecting some of the western leaders. After many years of tension, two reformist saints bridged the gap between the two patriarchies to allow for a peaceful separation. The Mauroi Church has remained "separate but cooperative" since. It retains very close ties with its sister church, the Ekelan Church, through the patriarchate in Sirsi, Egani with similar liturgies and practices. Culturally, Egani and Mauretia retain many ties to the present in spite of the distance between the two countries.
The last half of the fifth century AD brought the Great Eastern Ulethan Collapse, which caused most trade links beyond Mergany and Belphenia to fail. Romantish control was revoked, as the traveling merchants fled westward to their homelands. They left behind the large Romantish and Romantisized population to fend for themselves. The 480s were a time of fierce war as the various tribes attempted to assert control in the new power vacuum. Crisis arose within a few ethnically mixed city-states as well. After a decade of fighting, a dozen sub-Romanti kingdoms emerged as successor states. The next two centuries were turbulent as the kingdoms worked against each other to secure dominance of the fledgling trade links, ward off Gaermanic incursions, war against merchant explorers that were migrating through the area, and ensure their own power. About 630, King Akasil of Pomalia began the process of peacefully unifying a few surrounding lesser kingdoms that had been subservient to the Pomali crown. His realm included almost all of modern Rifaleya and included the Tangereyi cities of Falùvili and Sali. Akasil waged war against Tasaqora, Amitye, Iola, and Iqosa during his reign. He conquered Tasaqora and Iqosa but perished in the battle against Iola. His daughter, Queen Daya, acceded to the throne in 667 and immediately made peace with Iola. She also strengthened her ties with the Kabyei kingdoms of Emonna and Salda. She invested great effort and money into expanding and promoting the fledgling trade links with central Uletha. Many of the Romantish-period roadways, which were still in service, were restored and straightened where necessary; she commissioned a new port in Iqosa and facilitated links with Salda to reopen trade with places beyond the island of Margo, such as Østermark and Orinoco. Mauretia quickly emerged as a major sea-faring power. It maintained commercial and cultural contact during this period with other thalassocracies as far away as Egani. Her dominion abounding in wealth, Daya petitioned lesser kingdoms to be annexed and create a regional power. Some kingdoms, like Lissa and Lušedira agreed. Others, such as Iola and Xovane did not. She went to war with those that did not join her dominion and quickly subdued them. Instead of wiping out the cities, as her father pledged, she rebuilt them and strengthened their hold. The independent city of Tangia, which was ruled by the Patriarch of Tangia, agreed to annexation after the fall of Iola on the condition that the church retain a small say in the government. The final piece was the independent kingdom in Salda, which controlled the northern coastline. After a series of peaceful diplomatic exchanges, Daya was able to annex the kingdom piece by piece. In the end, she had unified all the Mauroi kingdoms into one regional power. The new Kingdom of Mauretia remained a stable presence that was able to stave off invasion over the next couple centuries. The monarchy underwent reforms in the first years of the twelfth century and again with the constitution-like document the Logenatisu in 1533.
Trade with western Uletha waned substantially again in the 13th centuries, but Mauretia's strategic location allowed it to flourish with the settlement and growth of its nearby neighbors. Merchant tribes looked afield to see potential colonization sites in the 16th century, but it was not until the later half of the century that they were able to establish trading colonies in quarters of preexisting cities. Trade and the economic power of Mauretia diminished slightly in the late 19th century as decolonization occurred. Economic ties with numerous countries remained strong and were a springboard to expanded diplomatic relations through Tarephia and Archanata.
Mauretia's economy collapsed in 1873 with an unusually lethal influenza outbreak. Called the "Great Death" (Li Mawaṭo Ravo), the strain of influenza afflicted as much as 40% of the Mauroi people and killed slightly more than 25% of the country's population. The origins of the outbreak are unknown, but it is believed to have originated elsewhere in Uletha as other eastern countries experienced its effects first. Regardless, Mauretia was particularly hard hit. The population under the age of 30 suffered dramatic reduction second only to those over 60. The death of so many young Mauroi hampered population growth for generations. The military was decimated; nearly 60% of those in active duty were killed or suffered long-term effects that forced retirement. As a result, the nation adopted a view of neutrality to the potential conflicts unfolding around it. Its geographic position away from most of the fighting helped the declared neutrality be respected. Out of the epidemic, however, came an incredible number of medical advances. The government heavily invested in the scientific study of the disease. Germ studies began in Mauretia, and the country was the first to adopt the idea of disease spread by bacteria. It also became a leader in experimental studies for pharmaceuticals. The "Great Death" ultimately ushered in a new economy less reliant on international trade and more open to scientific study and advancement. Official government policy was created to encourage larger families and growing population. It created revolutionary policies such as paid maternity leave and expanded education. After three decades of political and cultural challenges caused by the societal shift, the birth rate recovered. The changes revolutionized Mauretia. The nation developed a high birth rate among industrialized countries and has been slowly increasing. Today, Mauretia still boasts a highly developed banking system along with a blooming fishing industry, stable mining industry, and growing production in chemical and pharmaceutical sectors. Its medical scientists are among the most sought after in the world.
Government and Politics
Mauretia is one of the oldest continuous monarchies in the world. It has maintained continuous succession since its establishment in the seventh century. From its early years, an advisory council has existed in conjunction with the monarch to guide the ruler in decision making and to reflect the will of the people. By the eleventh century, this body had grown to be corrupt and regarded as unresponsive to the populace. A series of revolts nearly toppled the monarchy in 1101, whereupon King Gergio III instituted reforms that sacked the advisory council and called for a representative of every diocese to be elected by the populace directly to serve on a new council. Although the elected officials wielded no specific powers, Gergio III had effectively created the first predecessor to the modern parliament. Only fifty years later, however, King Gergio IV faced a similar insurrection as it became clear that only aristocratically connected people were winning elections. To quell the masses, the elder statesman split the council into two separate houses: an upper house, where the people were directly represented by commoners, and a lower house, wherein the military, church, and aristocracy chose the leadership. The upper house was established as such, because its recommendations and declarations were considered to have primacy; it could reverse the lower house declaration by a two-thirds supermajority. In the fifteenth century, King Okem V unilaterally instituted reforms that allowed for the lower house to contain a representative from each province's directly-elected parliament as a further means of checking aristocratic power.
The modern Maureti state evolved in the sixteenth century as a means of suppressing a wave of anti-monarchy thought that swept Uletha. Queen Avigela I instituted wide reforms that gave substantial legislative power to the upper house of parliament and checking power to the lower house of parliament. The upper house also gained the right to overrule the monarch and to force abdication in extreme circumstances. These changes were codified in the Logenatisu of 1533. At the same time, it fixed the system almost entirely into its current form as constitutional changes are extremely difficult and can only be done as an act of unity between the monarchy, parliament, provincial governments, and popular referendum. The monarch and the parliament are prohibited to propose changes, and either the provinces or the populace must agree to debate a change in order for it to reach the national level.
- In accordance with Mauroi etiquette and tradition, the monarch in this section will use feminine pronouns on account of the current ruler being female. Likewise, pronouns for the Prime Minister in this section will be masculine.
Mauretia is a constitutional, parliamentary monarchy with executive and legislative powers shared by both the monarch and a bicameral parliament. The government operates under the rules established by the Logenatisu of 1533. The monarch serves as Head of State and Commander-in-Chief of the military. She has the responsibility to appoint the prime minister and justices. Also vested in her are the abilities to craft law and dissolve parliament. The prime minister, however, is the official leader of parliament and must be selected from among the sitting members. He chooses his own cabinet without interference from the monarch, and he has the right to request the dissolution of parliament or force a vote of abdication. The judiciary remains independent and functions separately from the executive and legislative processes other than appointment to the judicial seats.
The monarch is the Maureti Head of State. This position is currently held by Melka Gabriela III, who is a descendant of the House of Klafesa. She is the face of the nation abroad and is considered the primary representative of the Mauroi people. She is also sole commander of the Maureti military and her representatives alone are able to negotiate peace in times of war. Additionally, the monarch wields considerable powers over the legislative process. One power is the ability to select the prime minister. Restrictions are in place, however, as the prime minister must be a seated parliamentarian chosen from the ruling coalition government. The coalition provides the monarch with a list of no less than ten preferred representatives from which she chooses the head of parliament. There is no secondary approval of the prime minister, and he can be removed without notice at the discretion of the monarch. Likewise, she has the ability to dissolve parliament and force elections. This can take place for any reason but cannot be done more than twice in a 16-month period without a formal request from parliament itself. The monarch must have an heir to the throne at all times during her reign. The heir is historically a child or family member of the monarch but can be an alternatively designated individual. In the event the heir is not 18 years old, a regency from the lower house of parliament intervenes in a limited capacity. Notably, gender has not been a determining factor for succession since the fourteenth century. The current heir is Nura, daughter of Melka Gabriela III.
Legislatively, the monarch has two avenues of power. One power is the ability to enact a royal edict. In order for an edict to become law, it must first be approved by a majority of votes in the Qoncilio de Publea. The prime minister has a deadline of either three weeks from the date on the edict or the end of the parliamentary session—whichever is soonest—to bring the edict before parliament for a vote. Should the prime minister fail to bring it before the Qoncilio, it goes immediately to the Qollegia dem Adonem. A vote is held immediately. If the edict fails at this point, it is no longer available. If the edict fails to carry in the Qoncilio, the monarch can request a vote by the Qollegia dem Adonem. In this body, a two-thirds supermajority is required to cause the edict to become law. If the Qollegia passes the edict, the Prime Minister has 24 hours to reconvene a vote in the Qoncilio to overturn the lower-house approval. Here, a three-fourths supermajority is required to block the edict from becoming law. The second way the monarch can enact a law is by decree. Decrees are different from edicts in that they need no legislative approval. Their issuance is immediate and permanent but only effects matters considered ceremonial, festive, or monetary donations to popular causes from the discretionary budget. For example, a decree can be issued to honor a famous artist by placing him in a guild order or to declare a holiday in honor of a famous event. A decree can be issued to grant money from the monarch's small discretionary budget to research at a medical center or to renovate a historical monument.
The prime minister is head of parliament and is leader of the Qoncilio de Publea (Public Council). He commands the legislative process and works directly with the monarch. His powers include dictating the agenda of parliament's upper house and selecting a cabinet. The cabinet members convene with the prime minister to discuss policy, craft agenda, and set a course for the government. They also head the different parliamentary committees and have a tie-breaking vote in each. The prime minister has one crucial reserve power in that exists as a check against the monarch. The prime leader can call for a vote of abdication. In this instance, parliament votes whether or not to force the monarch to abdicate the throne. If the vote succeeds, the monarch is afforded one month to appeal the vote to the populace or transfer power to the heir. An appeal prompts a national referendum asking whether the monarch should remain in power or abdicate. If the populace votes for abdication, the monarch one month to transfer power. This power has been invoked six times since 1533 and passed parliament each time. In three instances, the populace voted for abdication on appeal. The current prime minister is Beniyamin bon Dangisos, who represents the diocese of Sansa Hannamaryam.
The Qoncilio de Publea is comprised of 400 members, who are voted directly from the populace and represent a riding. They are limited to serving three total terms in office and must retain full residency in their home riding. The members of parliament generally belong to a political party and must caucus with either the ruling coalition or the opposition. Like the prime minister, the leader of the opposition in parliament leads the debate against the ruling coalition. The opposition leader also appoints a shadow cabinet that works parallel to the cabinet but without its special powers. The shadow cabinet members are second in command for each parliamentary committee and represent the opposition therein. In all, the Qoncilio can legislate by passing a bill with a simple majority. Within one week, the monarch decides to grant consent (enacting the bill into law) or deny. Should the monarch deny the bill, her veto can be overridden by a two-thirds supermajority in the Qoncilio.
The lower house of parliament, the Qollegia dem Adonem, is comprised of thirty members. They represent the aristocracy, the provincial parliaments, the Mauroi Church, and the monarch. The power of the lower house is largely ceremonial, but they do play a crucial role at certain stages. As mentioned above, they are called upon in the process of overriding a parliamentary veto. They can also vote to approve a bill if the monarch is unavailable before the mandatory time-period to approve or reject a bill completes. Even so, the monarch can immediately suspend their approval upon her return, beginning the monarchical veto process. This body also serves in a direct advising role to the monarch but has been stripped of most other legislative abilities.
The judiciary is comprised of justices that are appointed by the monarch and approved by the Qoncilio. Justices serve for a maximum of twenty years in their position. After the twenty year period, the monarch elects to reappoint the justice or offer a new appointment to the Qoncilio. Historically, justices under the age of 70 have been reappointed without difficulty.
Mauretia has no defined capital according to the Logenatisu. Iola serves as the de facto capital in many ways. It hosts the entire legislative branch and most executive offices. Iola also houses the majority of embassies and Maureti offices of international organizations. As the largest city, it is also a financial and educational hub. The monarch, however, continues to reside in an independent administrative district called Qolna Mauretana, about 15 kilometers east of Iola. The royal palace has been located here since 1684. The judicial capital of Mauretia is in Tasaqora. Tangia is officially set apart as the ecclesiastical capital.
Prior to the creation of the Logenatisu in 1533, all governmental operations were located in or around Sansu Andaros li Apostili. With the governmental reforms in the early sixteenth century, most operations moved to Iola except the judiciary, which migrated to Tasaqora. The royal palace was moved from Sansu Andaros li Apostili to Sansa Avigela in 1684. As the country grew in the twentieth century, government facilities started to relocate around the country as space was needed. The military, for example, houses most of its facilities in northern Dara Aqarel.
The political party system of Mauretia dates to the late 1890s, although most elected officials remained unaffiliated into the 1940s. Officially, the members of the Qollegia must be non-partisan and renounce any political organization. Seventeen members of the Qoncilio remain unaffiliated. Voting for the Qoncilio is done via preferential ballot rather than first-past-the-pole tallies. For each first-place vote, a candidate is awarded 5 points. A second-place candidate is awarded 2. All ballots must contain at least two selections in order to be considered complete. The preferential ballot allows a multi-party system to thrive. Numerous parties can make inroads and otherwise second-place candidates can be either competitive or even win an election. It also limits the amount of influence fringe groups can have. All six provincial assemblies are elected through this method as well.
The current government is headed by the Christian Democratic Movement (MDX) in coalition with the Mauroi Conservatives (MQ), but this arrangement has been tenuous at times. For many floor votes and debates, the MDX has relied on the Mauroi Democratic Movement (MPM) for support. By cumulative votes over the last decade, the largest parties are the Christian Democratic Movement, which has made tremendous gains in the last decade; the conservative Mauroi Conservative Movement, which has lost ground to the MDX; the Labor Movement (MF); the liberal Mauroi Democratic Movement (MPM); the Greens (V); and lastly the fringe Socialist Alliance (AS). Five of the seven independents have at least partially caucused with the MDX. The Labor movement and MPM lead the current shadow government.
- See also International Relations of Mauretia
Mauretia is a middle power that has taken a moderately active role on an international level. It strives to be a visible participant in international affairs but also tries to be a voice of balance. It has diplomatic missions in over a dozen countries, and it sponsors the International Center for Mauroi Culture as a secondary diplomatic enterprise in numerous countries. Mauretia is a member of the Assembly of Nations and participates in AN–sponsored and affiliated organizations like ANESCO, PHO, ISJC, GMO, and ISORC. It hosts a branch office of the International Women's Organization and sponsors relations with the Sibling Cities of the World. With its national focus on culture and cultural development, Mauretia was a founding member of the Ulethan Alliance for Culture in 1980.
Mauretia is a member of the Eastern Ulethan Organization of Independent Allies. As such, it hosts an EUOIA office in Iola. Its primary economic division is based in Bad Stanncatt, Mergany. The country's involvement in the EUOIA has been contentious in recent years from a domestic perspective. The populace resists proposed changes to the country's long-held neutrality, the opening of borders without adequate checks, or any international agreement that would supersede popular sovereignty. The country's politics lean slightly Ulethoskeptic, and there have been calls for the country to leave the international organization altogether. Officially, the current monarch endorses the international cooperation as "an extension of popular sovereignty but not in place of it." Thus, Mauretia supports nearly-free and privileged trade among EUOIA member states. It maintains active border controls, but citizens of EUOIA nations can enter and have visa-free access up to 105 days by simply showing a valid identification or birth certificate. Cargo entering Mauretia that originated in EUOIA localities are given privileged entry. Discussions of mutual defense have also been welcomed, even though the nation has long avowed neutrality.
- See also Administrative divisions of Mauretia.
Mauretia is divided into six provinces and one special administrative district. The provinces are Kabyea in the north, Massaeya in the near north, Dara Aqarel in the west-central, Aziga in the central and eastern part of the country, Tangereya along the southern coast, and Rifaleya in the southeast. Each province is divided into diosim (dioceses) and qolnam (independent cities). Each diocese is in turn made up of cities, towns, and villages. Diocesan cities are largely independent of the diocese but share a few remaining essential functions. Towns are more dependent on the diocese and possess many of the privileges granted to cities, but villages have little independent institutional function. The independent district of Qolna Mauretana is a separate administrative division solely inhabited by the royal family. It houses the royal palace, a cathedral, and a couple government buildings. All other additional buildings and functions are located in nearby Iola or in the surrounding area.
Mauretia is a country in eastern Uletha, bordered by Ahalaclas to the northeast, Raiden to the southeast and Alpachia to the southwest. It occupies the central portion of the Maureti Peninsula. Raiden, to the southeast, and Ahalaclas occupy the other portion of the peninsula. Because Mauretia's large coastal cities straddle the 135th east parallel, it uses the offset time WUT +8:30. This contrasts its neighbor Raiden (+9:00). The difference creates the interesting scenario where Selene, Raiden is 30 minutes ahead of its nearby but eastern neighbor Num-er-Surora.
Occupying one side of a peninsula, Mauretia is dominated by its coastline and prominent mountain ranges. One prominent feature is the large cape that extends westward into the Gulf of Volta. Immediately along the coast is a range of uplift mountains known as the Harm Adlarm (Adler Moutains). The mountains continue northeastward into the cape and then further along the northern coast into Ahalaclas. These mountains are generally rocky and tree-covered along their slopes. In between many of the ridges are wide valleys with fertile ground. These areas tend to receive a large amount of rain and snowmelt, making them ideal for vineyards and orchards. The higher hills are used for shepherding and poultry farms. The largest mountains are known collectively as "The Twelve Apostles," as each is named after an apostle. Along the southeastern border with Raiden are mountains and hills known locally as "Lim Harm," literally "the mountains," but are actually a composite of many separate ridge units. The Rococo Mountains (Harm Roqoqom) and Bosque Ridges Le Bosq extend into Raiden. The rest of the nation is dominated by fertile plains with a mixture of rolling hills and flatlands.
The Harm Adlarm cause the northern portion of Mauretia's coast to be rocky with numerous inlets. Large boulders and extreme rock outcroppings litter the densely wooded landscape. This area of Kabyea remains a difficult terrain for transportation. Only two all-season, all-vehicle roads, the Via Kabyea (part of the N1) and Via Ziftela (N10) traverse the area. It is considered the most isolated region in the country. In contrast, the southern part of the coast in Tangereya is littered with saltwater marshes and lagoons. The area is inhospitable to boating in most places as part of the sandbars, reefs, and bayous. Mauroi sailors have long mastered these areas, which has been vital to the country's trade and maritime industries. In the middle of the coastline, the Harm Adlarm give way to La Kaufama, a large ria of the Fluva Tasa.
Notably, the rivers of Mauretia are not navigable far inland. The Fluva Sarde in the north is only navigable within its ria as far as Ziftela, and the Fluva Laù in the south is only navigable a little beyond Lissa. The rivers Fluva Opivue, Fluva Antilla, and Fluva Dara are shallow and rocky. The longest navigable stretch of river is the Fluva Tasa to the confluence of the Fluva Tanis. Most rivers sit in riverbanks that are a couple meters deep. Even so, the land along the rivers can be prone to flooding in the mountains if the rivers were to exceed their banks with heavy rains and snowmelt. Fluvial flatlands dominate much of Aziga, where extreme flooding is possible if the rivers were to rise beyond their deep banks.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Mauretia has a humid continental climate that straddles the border between Dfb (temperate summer with cold, wet winters) and Dfa (hot/warm summer with cold, wet winters). Its transitional seasons are wet, mild and short. The immediate coastal area from Iola south and the low-profile plains of Tangereya and Rifaleya fall into the Dfa category. Southern Aziga is also classified as Dfa. Northern Aziga, interior Massaeya, and Kabyea are classified as Dfb. The highest areas of mountains are largely Dfb in classification regardless of location. Rainfall and snowfall is plentiful for a productive agricultural region, but the climate is most conducive to growing fruits, vegetables, and beans. Vineyards and orchards are common in the south. The Harm Adlarm cause uplift of wind blowing off the Gulf of Volta and creates frequent precipitation. Grains, including wheat, oats, amaranth and barley, grow well in the south, however, as the warmer climate allows for a more productive growing season. The city of Sansa Ursula, in the heart of the peninsula, shows the nature of the Maureti climate. The boundary line between Dfb and Dfa classifications has historically been plotted directly through the city from west to southeast.
The nation experiences a lot of maritime effects from its two bordering bodies of water. The Gulf of Volta in particular causes delayed cooling in the fall and similar delays to warming in the spring. The temperatures tend to be moderated in the winter, such that the cities of Salda and Iqosa are often a few degrees warmer than inland, more southern cities like Tasaqora and Masqula. The water also increases precipitation, even in winter. Some locations in Mauretia can receive over three meters of snow in a given winter. Sudden blizzard-like squalls and appear and produce a half meter in one day. Cloud cover is also common in the winter, and some Maureti cities are known as among the cloudiest in eastern Uletha during these months with sunshine during less than 45% of daylight hours.
The continental nature of the climate is most heavily featured in the autumn and spring. In these months, extreme weather can occur. Heat waves with temperatures as high as 29° have been recorded in March and cold spells with temperatures as low as −31° have been recorded in November. Summer parallels this with periodic heat waves and outbreaks of severe weather. Tornadoes are known to happen and can be strong, although they are far more common in the southern portion of the country than in the north. Heavy rainfall can also occur, causing flooding along the mountain valleys. Even interior cities, like Masqula, experienced severe flooding in 1953 that displaced nearly half of its then-47,000 people. In the northern highlands, the first frost occurs around early October; final frost is often in late April to around the first of May. In the south, the first frost is mid-October, and last frost is in early May.
The official population of Mauretia, according to a government census in 2013, was 5,773,698. Of these citizens, 144,343 claim an ancestry other than Mauroi. Most are multi-generation descendants of Raëd, Mergan, or Darcodian merchant families. There are an additional 103,000 people in Mauretia on economic or academic visas that are not counted in the census. The nation features a relatively high birth rate for an industrialized nation at 19.7 per 1,000 inhabitants and has been increasing in recent years. The nation has not been below replacement-level fertility in over a century. Life expectancy is about 79 years. These factors have contributed to a growing population, which is projected to exceed 8 million by no later than 2030.
Studies of the Mauroi population show common traits with a window of genetic variability among the people group. A recent physical-traits study in 2015 of nearly 730,000 Mauroi people estimated that 78% of the Mauroi population had brown or dark brown hair, with medium/dark blond and auburn as common variants—each at about 5.5% of the population. Among that same group sampled, 83% had brown eyes, with 10% registering blue or grey and 7% green or other heterochromia. Height among Mauroi people can vary and extremes are found. Even so, the average height of men and women are very close in proximity. Men average 175.1cm in height, while women average 167.9cm in height.
Mauretia differs from many other nations with regards to the roles of women in society. While religious, military, and merchant sectors have most frequently been dominated by men, women have long had an important role in the culture, political system, and economy. Many of Mauretia's early rulers were women. Female literacy has historically been higher than male literacy; literacy was not considered extremely important to military or agrarian sectors. Yet, education of women was considered paramount as a means of continuing the culture, values, and knowledge to younger generations as they were being raised. Throughout the middle ages, Mauroi women equally contributed to scientific advancements and cultural output. Only in the seventeenth century did the education of men for all walks of life become important. This distinct view came to the fore again in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Due to international conflict and need for productivity after sweeping diseases, Mauroi women began to take on increasing roles in the workforce and economic diversification began. By the 1920s, policies were put in place to try and balance family life and increased economic output. After a couple turbulent decades of stagnant population growth, the culture adapted and evolved. The marriage and birth rates recovered and the societal change has promulgated through to the present. As a result, there remains no stigma against women in nearly any sector of culture or economy. Some of Mauretia's most prominent intellectuals and artists of the last 500 years have been women, and in recent years women have been among the wealthiest business owners in the nation. Men only tend to dominate careers as farmers, shepherds, or miners. At the same time, women athletes are among the best in the world and their sports generate as much revenue as many male sports. Two of the most popular professional sports leagues in the country are women's leagues.
The official language of Mauretia is Maurit. The language is a member of the Afcit branch of the Uletarephian language group. It is very closely related in its origins to the Romantish languages but with a large substratum of Semetic influences. Over 98.7% of Mauretia's citizens speak Maurit as their first language. There are few differences between all but one dialect of Maurit. Some of the major dialects include Massaeyit, which is spoken along the western coast from Rusadila northward to Salda; Darait, spoken in the Dara Valley; Vesafulrit, spoken in the central mountains; and Azgit, spoken along the northern foothills of Lim Harm in Aziga. Only Kabyeit, spoken in the isolated areas of northern Kabyea, is at times not intelligible to other native Maurit speakers. The language is regulated by La Qollegia de Maurit and is the official form used in government and education. Small pockets of Raëd is spoken along the Raiden border; Mergan and Ingerish are spoken by about 82,000 people as a first language.
Religion in Mauretia is dominated by the Christic faith and dominates numerous aspects of Mauroi culture and society. Mauroi Christicism, an oriental branch of the Christic faith, is the official religion of the nation. Freedom to practice any faith publicly is assured through the constitution. Other Christic denominations and religions have arrived in Mauretia over the years through traders and merchants. These other Christic branches remain a very small minority in Mauretia and are only found within larger cities. Officially, the branch of the faith is "separate but cooperative" with its sister organizations. It retains very close ties to the Ekelan Church in spite of a schism in the fifth century. Two uniquely domestic Christic branches, Nodasism and Poltarism were founded as schismatic movements in the fourth and sixth centuries. Only Nodasism survives to the present. The small sect was originally deemed heretical by all early Christic denominations. Relations with orthodox groups have warmed, but anathemas have not been officially revoked.