National roads in Karolia

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Types of road

The national road network of Karolia consists of motorways, trunk roads, state roads and local roads.

Motorways

Karolian motorway junction.png
Karolian motorways are prefixed with an A (for auutoraud) and are grade-separated with between two and five lanes in each direction. Only around 30% of the network has three or more lanes per carriageway. Motorways must have rest areas with free parking and toilets at least every 40km and are restricted to vehicles capable of more than 60km/h and of at least 30bhp. Tracked vehicles, agricultural vehicles, pedestrians and cycles are not permitted.

The network is ()km in length and reaches all main population areas. Some parts are very scenic indeed through the mountains and along the coast, with frequent tunnels and viaducts.

Motorway Official or colloquial name (Karolian/Inglish) Route Length
 A1  Pohjasauutoraud/Esimene Auutoraud

North Motorway/First Motorway

Anola-Fiore - Osmila - Säntjana - A3 - Potlac/A6 - Vasireii - Meridonia
 A2  Idaraanta Auutoraud

West Coast Motorway

Säntjana - Tougu Airport - Sunde - Fontjäna - Vai - Samacja - A7 - A6 - Gorjee
 A3  Laaneraanta Auutoraud

East Coast Motorway

Darcodia border - Lapise - Gyosdor - Pataari - Paliiso - A1
 A4  Suuralafoldauutoraud

Great Plains Motorway

Lapise - Batosjii - Kyor
 A5  Sudtalafold Auutoraud]

Southern Plains Motorway

Gyosdor - Sebee
 A6  Keskauutoraud

Central Motorway

A3 - A20 - Kasmila - Kanton - Potlac/A1 - Vasanta - A2
 A7  Taamrasauutoraud

Taamras Motorway

Samacja - A2 - A6 - Masval/Lors - Riispere - Pekkamu
 A8  Fontjänaauutoraud

Fontjäna Motorway

Fontjäna - A1
 A9  Vasireii Laaneauutoraud

"Vasireii East"

Vasireii - Plains - Kyor
 A10  Liivuauutoraud Darcodia - Kyor - A9 - Liivu
 A12  Paliisoauutoraud

Paliiso Link Motorway

A3 - Koseka 3km
 A14  Vasireii sudtauutoraud

Vasireii South Link Motorway

A4 - A14 - Vasireii
 A15  Vainaauutoraud

Vaina Motorway

A105 - Vainareisendamm 4km
 A28  Samacja Sudtauutoraud

Samacja South Link Motorway

Samacja - A2
 A31  Sebeeauutoraud

Sebee Motorway

Pataari - A3 - Sebee
 A39  Darcodias Aauutoraud

Darcodia Motorway

Pataari - Darcodian border
 A41  Vasireii Idakorut

Vasireii East Ring

Samacja - A2
 A61  Alafoldiauutoraud

Plains Motorway

Kanton - Kasmila - Liivu - A3
 A105  Fornaaraauutoraud / Aeirojaameauutoraud

Fornaara Link Motorway/Airport Link Motorway

Anola-Fiore Airport - Osmila - Santjana
 A141  Vasireii Pohjasauutoraud

Vasireii North Link Motorway

A14 - Vasireii
 A601  Kantonauutoraud

Kanton Motorway

A61 - Kanton

Trunk roads

The next class of roads are prefixed with an S(for Suurraud, 'big road'). These are either single- or double-lane roads which in some places are practically the same quality as motorways and may have grade-separated junctions.

State roads

Prefixed with an L (for Liiduraud) these are single-carriageway roads (with short sections of double carriageway) and are generally rural and often more scenic. The prefix simply denotes that it is the main through route in the area, and the roads themselves may be narrow and unsuitable for large vehicles in the mountainous areas.

Local roads

Local roads are sometimes given V prefix but often none at all.

Signage

Signs for motorway; end of motorway; Suurraud and Liiduraud
Since 1971, Karolia has had legally standardised signs on motorways and main routes with an official standard font and text sizes. However, off the main roads all kinds of older signs and even home-made ones can be found.

The presence of yellow text or a yellow sign indicates that the road may be liable to snowfall and other mountain hazards. The colour is used as much as anything for increased visibility in poor weather conditions.

Motorway signs are blue with white text.

Trunk road signs are green with white text.

State road signs are red with white text.

Karolia roundabout sign.png
Local road signs may be white with black text, or yellow with black text for a mountain area. Brown signs are used for tourist destinations.

There are also many pictorial symbols used to denote hazards and destinations. On main routes, large signs displaying what can be found in nearby towns are often seen.

Regulations

The whole country drives on the right. Right-hand drive vehicles may be driven in and imported into Karolia, but must display a rear sticker indicating this and have beam deflectors. Vehicles must have headlights on at all times due to the changing weather conditions. Recently the installation of daytime running lights (DRLs) has been mandatory on all vehicles sold in Karolia; these are usually low-energy LEDs and may be used instead of dipped beams. Foreign vehicles should also display an indication of the country of origin (Darcodia and Ispelia may have a blue band around the A-code to indicate membership of the open-border zone). The blood alcohol limit is 0.05% and seatbelts must be worn at all times (although this is not always enforced in rural areas). A diamond is used to indicate where no speed limit applies on motorways. Cars must have a road-worthiness examination every two years or 20,000 miles until they are ten years old, at which point it much be annually. Classic cars (over thirty years old) do not require this check but have a special license.

Cars and trucks must also switch to winter tyres between November and March unless the state transport body issues otherwise. Some mountain areas allow these all year round. An overlap period of two weeks either side of the start of the month is allowed to ease the rush at retailers and tyre wear. In recent years 'dual season' tyres have been trialled by some manufacturers.

Speed limits

Anticlockwise from top left: Speed limit sign in km; Alternate colours in mountain areas; minimum speed limit; unrestricted motorway limit
In good weather, the national speed limits are:
  • Motorways (unrestricted) no official upper limit, but a maximum of 160km/h is recommended and may be imposed as a condition by some insurers and on new drivers.
  • Restricted motorways (generally in urban areas or mountain regions) 110 km/h
  • Trunk roads 80 - 120 km/h
  • State roads 70 - 100 km/h
  • Local roads 40 - 60 km/h

In heavy rain (defined as requiring double-speed wipers or when visibility is less than 100 metres) the motorway and dual carriageway speed limit drops to 100km/h and the single-carriageway to 90. There have been some notable legal cases where drivers have successfully disputed the weather conditions after being accused of 'speeding'. In the light of this, police have been advised to be lenient and use discretion if the weather condition is variable or uncertain.

In heavy snow conditions an advisory speed of 70km/h is recommended.

These limits may be lower for goods vehicles and buses on some roads.

Highway maintenance

Maintenance is carried out by the federal transport department's highways division and state highways. Several states own a fleet of snowploughs and snowblowers in order to deal with the heavy snowfalls that often occur during the winter.

Service areas

Service areas are most commonly found on the motorways, where they are mandated by law, but often seen on major trunk roads or other well-used routes if there is commercial demand. The most simple are just a lay-by with parking spaces and toilet, extending to large facilities more like a shopping mall with the motorway attached. The largest in the country are at Hiilju at the junction of the A6 and A1, which contains over 1000 parking spaces and twenty different food and drink retailers. Fuel prices tend to be a couple of kuld per litre higher on the motorway, but not significantly greater since enterprising oil companies often built filling stations in towns just off the exit ramps with prices that were much cheaper. Often there will be a children's play area and other driver comforts attached.

Quite a few services in scenic areas have displays about the local landscape; at Pekkamu (A7) in the Taamras there are telescopes for birdwatching (the construction of the motorway has helped to stabilise the local eagle population due to all the roadkill it generates) whilst at Vasireii South (A41) an exhibition commemorates the history of the nearby racetrack.