National roads in Karolia
Types of road
The national road network of Karolia consists of motorways, trunk roads, state roads and local roads.
The network is ()km in length and reaches all main population areas. Some parts are very scenic indeed through the mountains and along the coast, with frequent tunnels and viaducts.
|Motorway||Official or colloquial name (Karolian/Inglish)||Route||Length|
|A1|| Pohjasauutoraud/Esimene Auutoraud
North Motorway/First Motorway
|Anola-Fiore - Osmila - Säntjana - A3 - Potlac/A6 - Vasireii - Meridonia|
|A2|| Idaraanta Auutoraud
West Coast Motorway
|Säntjana - Tougu Airport - Sunde - Fontjäna - Vai - Samacja - A7 - A6 - Gorjee|
|A3|| Laaneraanta Auutoraud
East Coast Motorway
|Darcodia border - Lapise - Gyosdor - Pataari - Paliiso - A1|
Great Plains Motorway
|Lapise - Batosjii - Kyor|
|A5|| Sudtalafold Auutoraud]
Southern Plains Motorway
|Gyosdor - Sebee|
|A3 - A20 - Kasmila - Kanton - Potlac/A1 - Vasanta - A2|
|Samacja - A2 - A6 - Masval/Lors - Riispere - Pekkamu|
|Fontjäna - A1|
|A9|| Vasireii Laaneauutoraud
|Vasireii - Plains - Kyor|
|A10||Liivuauutoraud||Darcodia - Kyor - A9 - Liivu|
Paliiso Link Motorway
|A3 - Koseka||3km|
|A14|| Vasireii sudtauutoraud
Vasireii South Link Motorway
|A4 - A14 - Vasireii|
|A105 - Vainareisendamm||4km|
|A28|| Samacja Sudtauutoraud
Samacja South Link Motorway
|Samacja - A2|
|Pataari - A3 - Sebee|
|A39|| Darcodias Aauutoraud
|Pataari - Darcodian border|
|A41|| Vasireii Idakorut
Vasireii East Ring
|Samacja - A2|
|Kanton - Kasmila - Liivu - A3|
|A105|| Fornaaraauutoraud / Aeirojaameauutoraud
Fornaara Link Motorway/Airport Link Motorway
|Anola-Fiore Airport - Osmila - Santjana|
|A141|| Vasireii Pohjasauutoraud
Vasireii North Link Motorway
|A14 - Vasireii|
|A61 - Kanton|
The next class of roads are prefixed with an S(for Suurraud, 'big road'). These are either single- or double-lane roads which in some places are practically the same quality as motorways and may have grade-separated junctions.
Prefixed with an L (for Liiduraud) these are single-carriageway roads (with short sections of double carriageway) and are generally rural and often more scenic. The prefix simply denotes that it is the main through route in the area, and the roads themselves may be narrow and unsuitable for large vehicles in the mountainous areas.
Local roads are sometimes given V prefix but often none at all.
The presence of yellow text or a yellow sign indicates that the road may be liable to snowfall and other mountain hazards. The colour is used as much as anything for increased visibility in poor weather conditions.
Motorway signs are blue with white text.
Trunk road signs are green with white text.
State road signs are red with white text.
There are also many pictorial symbols used to denote hazards and destinations. On main routes, large signs displaying what can be found in nearby towns are often seen.
The whole country drives on the right. Right-hand drive vehicles may be driven in and imported into Karolia, but must display a rear sticker indicating this and have beam deflectors. Vehicles must have headlights on at all times due to the changing weather conditions. Recently the installation of daytime running lights (DRLs) has been mandatory on all vehicles sold in Karolia; these are usually low-energy LEDs and may be used instead of dipped beams. Foreign vehicles should also display an indication of the country of origin (Darcodia and Ispelia may have a blue band around the A-code to indicate membership of the open-border zone). The blood alcohol limit is 0.05% and seatbelts must be worn at all times (although this is not always enforced in rural areas). A diamond is used to indicate where no speed limit applies on motorways. Cars must have a road-worthiness examination every two years or 20,000 miles until they are ten years old, at which point it much be annually. Classic cars (over thirty years old) do not require this check but have a special license.
Cars and trucks must also switch to winter tyres between November and March unless the state transport body issues otherwise. Some mountain areas allow these all year round. An overlap period of two weeks either side of the start of the month is allowed to ease the rush at retailers and tyre wear. In recent years 'dual season' tyres have been trialled by some manufacturers.
- Motorways (unrestricted) no official upper limit, but a maximum of 160km/h is recommended and may be imposed as a condition by some insurers and on new drivers.
- Restricted motorways (generally in urban areas or mountain regions) 110 km/h
- Trunk roads 80 - 120 km/h
- State roads 70 - 100 km/h
- Local roads 40 - 60 km/h
In heavy rain (defined as requiring double-speed wipers or when visibility is less than 100 metres) the motorway and dual carriageway speed limit drops to 100km/h and the single-carriageway to 90. There have been some notable legal cases where drivers have successfully disputed the weather conditions after being accused of 'speeding'. In the light of this, police have been advised to be lenient and use discretion if the weather condition is variable or uncertain.
In heavy snow conditions an advisory speed of 70km/h is recommended.
These limits may be lower for goods vehicles and buses on some roads.
Maintenance is carried out by the federal transport department's highways division and state highways. Several states own a fleet of snowploughs and snowblowers in order to deal with the heavy snowfalls that often occur during the winter.
Service areas are most commonly found on the motorways, where they are mandated by law, but often seen on major trunk roads or other well-used routes if there is commercial demand. The most simple are just a lay-by with parking spaces and toilet, extending to large facilities more like a shopping mall with the motorway attached. The largest in the country are at Hiilju at the junction of the A6 and A1, which contains over 1000 parking spaces and twenty different food and drink retailers. Fuel prices tend to be a couple of kuld per litre higher on the motorway, but not significantly greater since enterprising oil companies often built filling stations in towns just off the exit ramps with prices that were much cheaper. Often there will be a children's play area and other driver comforts attached.
Quite a few services in scenic areas have displays about the local landscape; at Pekkamu (A7) in the Taamras there are telescopes for birdwatching (the construction of the motorway has helped to stabilise the local eagle population due to all the roadkill it generates) whilst at Vasireii South (A41) an exhibition commemorates the history of the nearby racetrack.