Neo Delta

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7, -55.510, 135.747
Federal Republic of Neo Delta
Neo Delta
Neo Deltese FlagCoat of Neo Delta
FlagCoat of arms
Motto:
""Ujoru hob muire haud""
"The Beginning of Everything"
Anthem:
Humat(Deltese People)
Neo Delta
Neo Delta
CapitalMalojdeh
Largest cityMalojdeh
Official languagesIngerish and several local languages
NationalitiesNeo Deltan/Neo Deltese
DemonymNeo Deltese
GovernmentFederal presidential constitutional republic
 • PresidentOgoid NNameggürb
Area
 • Total49.366.30 km2
Population
 • Estimate (2017)16,160,312
GDP (PPP)2015
 • Total$323.113 billion
HDI (2015)0.840
very high
TimezoneWUT+8
CurrencyDelsta (NDD)
Drives on theright
Internet TLD.dl

Neo Delta (Federal Republic of Neo Delta) is a state in the far south of Archanta, in the subcontinent of Astrasia, more specifically in the southernmost peninsula of the continent. The country is home to 16,160,312 inhabitants who live mostly in its eastern, western and southern coastal areas. The republic is composed of 6 ethnic groups divided into 17 regions, of which 16 are located in Astrasia and one--Brugas-- is located in the east of the Plurinesian Sea, south of Uletha. An 18th region is proposed, which would encompass the January Islands, known as Tuymamu Islands in Neo Delta. The Islands are currently a disputed territory between Neo Delta and Mahhal. All of the regions are partially self-governing and are afforded a high degree of autonomy. The regions are also divided into 47 states, which are further divided into cities.

Neo Delta used to be mostly isolated from other countries due to its unique location. The countries that border Neo Delta are Řots, in the northeast, and Inretsk in the northwest, In the south, Elhádhon is situated only 60 kilometers from Neo Delta and Cascada is located southeast, 200 kilometers apart, separated by the Southern Strait. Neo Delta has experienced a significant growth in the past decades, changing dramatically its ancient landscape. The capital and largest city of Neo Delta is Malojdeh, which was built in the context of growth and change to replace the old capital, Delta City.

The dominant ethnicity of the country is the deltese, nevertheless, the oldest inhabitants of the country are the ojonan, who live mostly on the western coast. Minority groups include the norviane, the assendan, the movonian, and the brugasi. The deltese, in turn, have inhabited the eastern coast for less than 200 years, due to intensive migration from Archanta Major during the deltese diaspora, which played an important role regarding the growth of the population of the country, being now the most numerous inhabitants of Neo Delta. The formation of the territory that is today Neo Delta by the inumerous ethnic groups resulted in several conflicts, recently, however, many efforts have been taken to create an harmonious multicultural atmosphere in the country.

Most of the region of Neo Delta has a cold climate (with the exception of the Brugas archipelago) with cold and wet winters and summers due to its location far south of the globe. Also due to its climate, the vegetation that covers most of the country is composed of grassland with forests covering only the north of the Neo Delta. The peninsula where the country is located is surrounded numerous islands, the most important being the Movinia Island, the Assendan Island, the Hilia Island and the Fenor Island.

The country is a member of the Assembly of Nations and its affiliates, the South-West Astrasian Economic Alliance (SWAEA), and it is home to the headquarters of the Assembly of Nations Agency for Civil Aviation.

Name

The word "delta" in the old deltese language means country, while "neo" is a word from ojonan origin meaning "peninsula" This way, country is named after words from the languages of the two main ethnic groups, symbolizing the union of its people. The former name of country was Ojonah, for the ojonan people and Delta, for the deltese.

History

Old Neo Delta: First inhabitants to 1800

Ojonan

The ojonan people have inhabited the area that corresponds to modern day Neo Delta for more than 1000 years. They are believed to be descendants from the first Movinian tribes that reached the continent. Most of their settlements were around the Western Bay, where Old City is located, going south as far as Enkantta and north as far as Plorida Kiz, though, circa 300 years ago, several ojonan tribes crossed the Brake Passage and settled in the east coast, especially around the Croshore region. After some time, the ojonan people became, by far, the predominant group of the peninsula, dominating every region but the far south, home to the movinian and assendan people, and the far north, where today is the city of Forakar, in the border with Řots, where de norviane lived. The ojonan and de movinian groups were always close, practicing extensive trade among their cities. The assendan lives most isolated, while the norviane preferred contact with the Řots. The arrival of the deltese changed the culture and the history of the region dramatically, forcing the displacement of thousands of ojonan people that had settled in the west central coast of the peninsula between 1600 and 1700. The government of the ojonan people was divided into clans, which governed cities and met eventually in Old City to discuss important issues for the people. The leaders of the clans were chosen by the inhabitants of the city by direct oral vote.

Assendan

The assendan people's main settlement was in the Assendan Island, in the rival cities states of Assenda (formerly Ubiqa) and Sugerek. It is believed that they are also related to the movinians who navigated the region for centuries. Around 1500 the first boats of Assendan people arrived in the beaches of the continent, with immigrants fleeing the Assendan island due to the conflicts between Ubiqa and Sugerek for the complete domination of the Island. In 1614 the Assenda volcano destroyed the city of Sugerek, ending the conflict. The assendan people have always preferred isolation, only the arrival of the deltese forced the assendan to make contact with the other inhabitants of the peninsula.

Norviane

The norviane people have been always linked to the country of Řots. Most of the contact between ojonan and norviane peoples was tense, though there was never a war between the two groups. The norviane established a kingdom, following the Řots tradition, composed of three cities: Forakar, Norve and Naibah. The arrival of the deltese in 1800 divided the norviane between pro and anti-deltese.

Movinian

The movinian people are thought to by originated in the Movinian Island, though it is possible that the first inhabitants of the island crossed the Asperic Ocean and came from the south of Antarephia more than a millennium ago. The movinian are considered the mother ethnicity of Neo Delta, since they gave origin to the ojonan, the assendan, and possibly the norviane. They are traditionally people from the sea. After years in isolation in the Movinia Island, the movinians reached the far south of the peninsula where Neo Delta is mostly located in 1100 and founded several cities, such as Bateha, Dueta, Jilida, Mena, Drima and Narba. The movinian and the ojonan developed friendly relations since their first contact, creating trading posts like Wisda and Bujutsa. They were able to communicate due to the similarities between movinian andojonan languages, the same happened with the assendan people and their language. It is believed that both, ojonan and assendan languages derived from movinian.

Insurgent Neo Delta: 1800 to 1877

Deltese

The arrival of the deltese people in 1800 changed dramatically the dynamics of the peninsula. The deltese migrated from the far north of Archanta for several reasons, such as natural disasters and conflicts with local peoples. Upon their arrival, the deltese founded a city just north of the ojonan city of Croshore, called Delta City, in an area without any previous population. The city was supposed to resemble the mythological city of the original deltese people. It was located in the passage between Croshore and another ojonan city north of Delta City, called Xahon. The ojonan first accepted the deltese, but as Delta City grew with new waves of immigrants who started founding new towns, the ojonan started isolating the deltese. In 1833 the deltese founded a village called Deojo, in the north of Croshore, but were rapidly expelled by the ojonan. Later in the same year, the deltese came back to Deojo with more migrants and deltese soldiers to guarantee their stay. Several minor conflicts between deltese and ojonan took place in Croshore, Naveh, Delta City, and Vidget between 1834 and 1838, usually with deltese victory, due to their more advanced weapon acquired from Ingerland.

Ethnic Groups of Neo Delta - 1839

Great Deltese War

In 1939, after ojonan riots against deltese in Croshore, several ojonan protesters were killed by deltese soldiers, bringing ojonan fighters to the city, starting the Great Deltese War. The conflict spread to several cities, including in the Norviane Kingdom, where factions fought along both the ojonan and the deltese sides. After four years the war ended with the rendition of the ojonan and their allied norviane factions. Several ojonan citizens were banished from former ojonan cities and the norviane from Naibah. The only exception was the city of Sirasen, where the deltese soldier lost a two-year-long battle. After that the deltese forced the ojonan, norviane, assendan and movinian to sign treaties to unify the peninsula as one single country, called Delta Republic, in 1856.

Ethnic Groups of Neo Delta - 1843

From Delta Republic to Neo Delta

The first years of the Delta Republic were marked by deltese domination and violence against ojonana and other minority groups. The deltese migration intensified and the expansion of the deltese villages in ojonan and norviane regions was strong. In 1871, the election of Dandra Mani-Bila as president changed drastically the politics of the country. She called the nation for peace, tolerance, and integration, putting and end to several local conflicts and get rid of the anarchic state that dominated much of the region. Dandra created a new constitution and encouraged the use of Ingerish as a common language between the different peoples, so that integration could happen more easily. She also divided the country into the current 16 regions (minus Brugas). A strong level of independence among the regions of stimulated and the name of the country and its capital were changed. In 1873, the Delta Republic became the Federal Republic of Neo Delta, including an ojonan word in the name of the country. In 1874 a new capital started to be constructed in the far south of the peninsula, in an inhabited area. In 1877 Malojdeh became the new capital of Neo Delta.

Modern Neo Delta: 1877 to present day

Ethnic Groups of Neo Delta - 2015

Since the political changes of the decade of 1870, the several ethnic groups of Neo Delta have lived together for more than 130 years without conflict, what helped the nation to develop its own identity and focus on social and economic development. Most cities are now composed of several ethnicities and the country embraced its multicultural characteristic. It became of the most important countries in the region and a participant in major international events. Border conflicts with Řots were solved in the beginning of the XX century and since then the two countries became more and more close, starting the process of integration of the entire region of Astrasia through the South-West Astrasian Economic Alliance (SWAEA).

Brugasi

Since 1800 the archipelago of Brugas has received a large influx of deltese immigrants, what has made the region acquire a special interest of Neo Delta. The native people of Brugas, the brugasi, has had a friendly relationship with the deltese. Since 1900, Neo Delta and Brugas grew closer and in 1925 the president of Brugas, Tamaku Sankuchi, suggested a unification of the two countries into a single state. In 1928 a referendum approved the unification and Brugas became the 17th region of Neo Delta.

Geography

Physical map of Neo Delta

The geography of Neo Delta encompasses the features of the main peninsula where the country is located in the southern tip of Archanta as well as adjacent islands. Other two landmasses can be included in the description of Neo Delta's geography: Brugas), an archipelago near Uletha; and the January Islands, as archipelago close to Antarephia which is a disputed territory between Neo Delta and Mahhal. One of the most relevant characteristics of Neo Delta's geography, considering its main península, is its low latitude, which is responsible for cold temperatures in most of its territory. It is one of the world's southernmost countries. Other important characteristic of the peninsula is its irregular terrain, mainly in the central-north part of the main peninsula. The countries that border Neo Delta are Řots, in the northeast, and Inretsk in the northwest; the island country of Cascada is located southeast of Neo Delta, only 200 kilometers apart, separated by the Southern Strait. If the January Islands administrative regions set by the Assembly of Nations are to be taken into consideration, Neo Delta also borders Mahhal.

Topography

The shape of Neo Delta is that of a peninsula, making its coast considerably large considering the size of its territory. From west to east, the country spans 300 kilometers in the furthermost part in the far north, while in the central part of the territory, the landmass of the peninsula can be as narrow as 80 kilometers. The center-north of the peninsula is marked by the present of a mountain range that constitutes the southernmost part of the South West Astrasian Range. Due to its small size, Neo Delta does not have long rivers and basins. The northwest and the southwest of the country are characterized by large coastal plains, while the northeast and southeast parts are marked by higher elevation plains (circa 200-300 meters high). Several islands surround the peninsula, the most distant from the coast being the Fenor Islands, the Hilia Island, and the Movinia Island and Archipelago. The archipelago of Brugas is characterized by the low elevation plains while the January Islands are marked by a mountainous topography.

Climate

Mean temperatures of cities of Neo Delta, blue in the winter, red in the summer

The climate of the continental peninsula Neo Delta is mainly marked by a subpolar oceanic climate with short, cool summers and long, wet winters: the precipitation averages 3,200 mm a year in most of the peninsula and adjacent islands, but precipitation decreases rapidly in two areas, the southeast, around the Assendan Islands, and the central-northeast of the South West Astrasian Range. Snow is common in the whole country, except in the tropical Brugas archipelago. The snow line varies from 600 meters in the far south of the peninsula to 1100 meters in the north. The mean temperature in southern cities like Malojdeh and East Zaudge in the winter is 2 °C, while in the summer it is about 8 °C. Northern cities, like Ezajun and Norve, experience a mean temperature of 4 °C in the winter and 11 °C in the summer. Temperatures can be even more extremes at higher elevations and in the Movinia Island and Archipelago and the January Islands. The climate in the Brugas) archipelago, at a tropical latitude, offers a complete different range of temperatures. In general (with local variations), there is a short drier season from December to March, and a rainier season from April to November. The average temperature is 22 °C in January and 26 °C in July. The Brugas archipelago lies in the path of hurricanes and receives strong winds and storms almost annually.


Vegetation

Landuse and vegetation of Neo Delta (click to enlarge)

Due to the harsh climate, only about 35% of the Neo Delta peninsula and adjacent islands have forests. The tree line is about 900 meters in the north of the country and about 500 meters in the south. A large part of the center-south and northeast is made up of steppe and heath. The subpolar forests of Neo Delta are known for having developed in a climate with such cold summers. Grassland is also common throughout the territory. In the January Islands there is a domain of tundra vegetation. The Brugas archipelago, in the tropics, used to have a rainforest cover that has been reduced with urbanization.

Politics and Government

The form of government of Neo Delta is the democratic federative republicanism, with a presidential system since 1870. The government seat is currently in Malojdeh, though it was in Delta City since the arrival of the deltese, and it was in multiple cities before that. The president is both head of state and head of government and she or he is elected for a five-year term, with the possibility of re-election for a third successive term. The president is elected by direct popular vote and she or he appoints the Ministers. Neo delta uses a bicameral legislature, consisting of the Chamber of Deputies and the Federal Senate, also elected directly by the voters each five years with no right do re-election. Judiciary authorities are composed of judges and other judicial officials appointed after passing entry exams. The country has had a multi-party system and proportional representation. Voting is compulsory for the individuals between 20 and 60 years old and optional for those between 16 and 20 or beyond 60.

Neo Delta was divided into several states with local laws since its formation in the early 1800s. In the 1871 reform, though, the relative independence of the states was abolished and the regions were created. There are 17 regions in Neo Delta, each one of them is able to elect a governor through popular vote for a five-year term, with the possibility of re-election for a third successive term. One of the regions Brugas is considered an autonomous region, and so it is granted further autonomy. A 18° region in proposed, composed of the January Islands, which are a disputed territory between Neo Delta and Mahhal. The regions are still divided into states, and further divided into cities and towns that elect mayors who also are granted a five-year term, with the possibility of re-election for a third successive term.

Special Cities

Some cities in Neo Delta are considered vital to the development of the country and thus are chosen to be special cities. Those cities receive a different treatment from the region and country governments, since they can develop local laws. Special cities are divided into groups occording to the autonomy they are granted. The first group is formed by Malojdeh, Delta City, Old City, Norve, Ezajun, Banneg, East Zaudge, and Taiago, all of them called Alpha cities in the coutries Planning Department, that takes into consideration the city's population, GDP, and strategic location value, and historical and cultural importance. The second group, called Beta cities, include Assenda, Vioripa, Sezania City, Cobotan, Sirasen, Plorida Kiz and Ussaria. The thrid group, called cities Gama are formed by Hilia, Leilenca, Brakep, Hima, Naibah, Danipa, Axuna, Desar, Enkantta, and Dub Le. The final group in coposed of cities which are appling to became special cities, this list includes Cadunal, Pabla, Aboy, Immian, Halanna, Dzamur, Metzu, Tipa, Quadavir, and Xahon.

Demographics

Ethnic groups of Neo Delta

The population of Neo Delta, although composed of many different ethnic groups, has formed a fairly homogeneous society since structural changes in the law and the government aimed at bringing those groups closer together since the 1900s. Scientists believe that two major groups form modern Neo Delta, the Mov-Ojonan and the Deltese. The largest group is the Mov-Ojonan, whose origins are in the continent of Antarephia. The ancestors of the Mov-Ojonan, also known as Proto-Movinians, sailed from the southern tip of Antarephia to Astrasia more than a millennium ago, but in different moments. The first boats are believed to have reached the January Islands, while other groups have reached separately the Movinia Island, the Assendan Island, and the region of the Deep Bay. Each of this groups settled at those regions originating the movinian, the assendan, and the ojonan peoples respectively. Centuries of relative isolation led to slightly differences in language and culture, though the reapproximation of the three groups in the 1200s, 1300s, and 1400s reverted some of those differences.

The norviane group is believed to be a part of the movinians who settled in the region of Deep Bay, but went further north in search of a warmer weather until they reached the Kingdom of Rots. That way they absorbed some traits of Rotsnan culture, though more recent linguistic evidence has confirmed the connection between Norviane and the Mov-Ojonan groups. The Deltese, which comprise around 22% of the country's population, are a completely different group, but have also appropriated much of the Mov-Ojonan culture into their own, mainly after the 1900s.

Culture

Some of the general traits of modern Neo Delta culture include pacifism, since the proto-movinians believed that war and physical harm to other individuals would lead to the impurity of the soul. This aspect of the Neo Delta culture was responsible for the diminishing of the size of the military expenditure over the last century and the avoidance to involve the country in wars. A large part of the proto-movinians extended those views of impurity of the soul to the physical harm of animals, which led to the formation of a high percentage of vegetarian and vegan populations. Currently, 55% of Neo Deltans are vegetarian and 28% are vegan, some of the highest numbers in the world. The relationship between humans and nature is also highly regarded. Most zoos in Neo Delta were closed in the 1910s and 1920s, and in 2016 the zoos were forbidden countrywide. There are plenty of animal life conservation centers throughout the country, though. Neo Deltans are also one of the least religious peoples in the planet, with less than 3% of the population declaring to be religious, 12% declaring themselves spiritual but not religious, and the other 85% declaring to be atheist or non-interested in religion whatsoever. Other common traditions of the Neo Deltan, received from the proto-movinians, are the cremation of the bodies of deceased individuals (the country has no cemeteries), the high percentage of reused and recycled materials both in domestic and industrial contexts, and the widespread acceptance of non-normative forms of relationships and sexual, identity and orientation, with several laws proteting the LGBTQ population of the country in their public and private lives.

Largest cities in Neo Delta

Name Majority State Region Population
Malojdeh Movinian Capital Capma 672,000
Delta City Deltese The Delta Deltese 421,000
Old City Ojonan Deep Bay Ojonan 418,000
Norve Norviane North Falls Norviane 317,000
Banneg Movinian Podepen Movipen 273,000
Ezajun Deltese Nospring Ezza Ojonan 255,000
Taiago Brugasi Taiago Brugas 212,000
East Zaudge Movinian Fragopol Frago 148,000
Assenda Assendan Haunted Coast Assendan 135,000
Vioripa Ojonan Trav Ojonan 126,000
Sezania City Deltese Dessez 119,000
Cobotan Deltese Cobo Deltese 91,000
Plorida Kiz Ojonan Kiz 87,000
Sirasen Ojonan Emis 81,000
Leilenca Ojonan Olach 77,000
Ussaria Movinian Movinia Movipen 74,000

Economy

Education

Universities

Transportation and Infrastructure

Streets and Highways

Public Transport

Rail

Airports

Ports and Ferry

Culture

Music

Cinema, Performing Arts and Media

Arts and Architecture

Museums

Parks

Sports

International Relations

Suvumese protest against Neo Delta

Neo Delta has diplomatic relations with countries from different continents since the opening of the nation in the 1920s. Neighboring countries, mainly Řots, have developed strong commercial and political ties with Neo Delta in the last decade. One of the only diplomatic incidents from recent years is related to Neo Delta position regarding the Suvuma-Goytakanya conflict, when Neo Delta decided to recognize Goytakanya as an independent nation, severing its own relation with Suvuma, including with civil Suvumese demonstrations against Neo Delta.


See International Relations of Neo Delta.

See also

Countries of the World
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