Paxtar

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6, -41.2, 29
Republic dá Paxtār
Paxtār
Unity Rings
FlagCoat of arms
Motto:
"Vir Esās Hér"
We Are Here
CapitalSansimeon
Largest citySafrisco
Official languagesPaxlinga
 • Regional languagesCatanese, Almanish, Nonish & Tenebri
NationalitiesPaxtaren (98%)
DemonymPaxtaren
GovernmentFederal Republic
 • PremierTerrin H Aster
LegislatureCitizens' Assembly
Area
 • Total707,560 km2
Timezone+ 2
CurrencyPaxtaren Star (PXS)
Drives on theright
Internet TLD.PX


The Republic dá Paxtār, also called the Paxtāren Republic and most commonly known as Paxtar, is a federal republic comprised of seven provinces. It is located on the central western coast of Antarephia and has a land area of 707,560 km². Its capital is Sansimeon.

Topography
Paxtar has a diverse geography ranging from low coastal hills, to large rolling planes, to high mountains, and has over 2700km of coastline on the Hesperic Ocean to the southwest. Its climate is mild and ranges from sub-tropical in the northwest, near desert in the northeast to temperate in the south.

The oldest evidence of humans in the area can be dated to roughly 14,000 years ago, but the known history of the region begins in the 1400s with the arrival of Tenibri and Nonish groups on the northern coast. In the early 1500s, Castellán established three colonial territories along the southern coast. After 100 years of growth, continued immigration and expansion, the colonies were cut off from Castellanese influence in the early 1600s. The resulting upheaval and independence lead to the slow political integration of the region, and the eventual formation of the Paxtaren Republic.

Paxtar is a developed country with a high GDP, abundant resources, high worker productivity, and a strong manufacturing and service base.

Etymology

The name Paxtar is derived from what is thought to be the name of the ship that brought the first settlers to the region--Pacifica Star. The first territorial organization was named Liga da la Pacifica Star, which later became Federación da Pacifica Star. The common abbreviation was Fed. d. Pac. Star, which increasingly became Fed. Pacstar and finally Paxtar.

History

Pre Colonization

Humans have inhabited the area that is now Paxtar for at least 14,000 years. The indigenous tribes in the area were not technologically advanced, and none left written records. When explorers and colonists arrived from western Uletha, many natives died from diseases the Ulethans carried with them.

1400s

The eastern and southern parts of Joriku Bay were settled by groups of Nonish in the early 1400s. They expanded eastward and to the south, keeping to the northwest side of the Safrisco and Pecanyo rivers.

The northwestern portion of Joriku bay was settled by Tenibri settlers at roughly the same time. A second Tenibri settlement was established in what is present day Carmeleum.

1500s

In 1506, Castellán established a colony on present day Safrisco Island, near the mouth of the Safrisco River. Within two years the southern bank was also settled and Castellanese control was extended inland. Land grants were given to those who would settle on and cultivate the land. Two more colonies were soon established, the first in 1508, in present day Laengelem, and the second in 1514 near present day Sansimeon. The area settled by the Castellanese was roughly divided in to three regions, corresponding to modern day Costalta, Costamedia and Costabaja.

The unexpected and unwelcome arrival of Castellanese colonists on the Safrisco river lead to a power struggle the Nonish territories between the Elder's Council which preferred isolationism, and younger radicals who wanted to drive the Castellanese from territory they saw as theirs. A coup resulted in the establishment of the Kingdom of Sabishii in 1509.

In addition to the influx Castellanese settlers, starting in 1530, groups of Almanish speaking settlers began to arrive and were granted tracks of land, no less than one week's travel by horse (about 300km) inland. The Almanish territories were referred to as Die Hinterländer by the inhabitants, and as Territorio Interior by Castellanese governors under whose control they fell.

Remaining indigenous populations were increasingly pressed in to servitude by the more technologically advanced Ulethans, and experienced continued drops in population.

By the end of the 1500s the colonies were well established, but still highly dependent on Castellán for finished goods and products.

1600s - 1700s

Early Map of Region

Conflict between Castellán and Ingerland increasingly prevented Castellanese ships from reaching the colonies by way of the waterways between Tarephia and Antarephia. This lead to a steady decrease of Castellanese influence, resulting in the colonies essentially being orphaned by 1620.

The breakdown in Castellanese control allowed the Almanish speaking territories to assert greater independence, eventually leading to the establishment of three autonomous areas centered around Neuheim, Armawahil and Seeburg.

For defensive against piracy, the independence minded Hinterländer, and the generally unfriendly Kingdom of Sabishii, the three coastal territories formed the Liga da la Pacifica Star, which in 1635 became the Federación de la Pacifica Star; a confederation governed by the wealthy farmers and landowners in each territory.

In the mid-1600s, Ingerish traders increasingly visited the area, and in spite of initial suspicion, due to the conflict with Castellán, began carrying goods and people to the area, and carried opals and wool out. A continued unfilled demand for manufactured goods lead to additional trade and cooperation with the Gonfragerran Free-state, and spurred an increase in local manufacturing.

The increased trade along the coast lead to many in the eastern parts of Die Hinterländer to push for joining the Federación Pac. Star. The western parts of the territory, which traded with the Kingdom of Sabishii preferred to remain completely independent. In 1680 Die Hinterländer split in to two regions, Nordland and Hinterland, and the latter joined the Federation.

To decrease dependence on foreign traders, and to provide protection to the coastal regions, shipbuilding, which had been abandoned in the 1620s was resumed, and lead to the beginning of the Paxtaren Federation's merchant and whaling fleet, as well as a small navy.

By the end of the 1600s, whale oil became a the first major export of the federation.

Under the pressure of isolation, Nordland joins the federation in 1701.

1800s

Great Quake

On the morning of February 10, 1832 (11. Nonus 198), a large earthquake shook the ocean floor to the east Joriku Bay. The quake and resulting tidal wave caused devastation along the entire central coast. Much of Joriku and large parts of Safrisco were destroyed, while more distant cities and towns suffered extensive damage. On the Birnensee, waves cased caused by the quake flooded settlements along its shore. Some buildings in Sansimeon and Laengelem collapsed. The death toll was estimated to be over 10,000, with the majority of deaths taking place in Joriku.

Gonfragerra

Gonfragerra suffered damage along its central and southern coast, but was generally less damaged and recovered more quickly than much of the region. It provided significant aid to the Paxtaren coastal regions, and in 1848 it joined the Federation as its sixth member.

Southern Regions

In the southern regions, political unrest lead to demands for voting rights and increased representation for all citizens. Costalta, Costamedia and Costabaja adopted the Gonfragerran representative style of government in 1859. In 1861 Nordland and Hinterland did the same.

Sabishii

As a result of the quake, the already unpopular monarchy in Sabishii fell after the deaths of Kichirou I, most of his family, and the murder of his half-brother, the last male heir. Sabishii remained in a state of unrest, anarchy and political flux until its annexation as a Paxtaren protectorate in 1856. To avoid parts of its territory being absorbed in to the three neighboring Federation members, Sabishiians voted to become the seventh, and geographically largest, Federation member in 1872.

1900s

Political Rally 1925
Increased cooperation between the governors lead to the recognition of the governors' council as the main primary political body in the country, while political bickering in seven separate legislatures made it difficult for the governors to act on a national level.

Citizens and business groups pushed for a unified code of laws and a more unified and central government.

Starting in 1904 referendums were held in each region mandating the establishment of a single national government. Costaltan voters were the last to approve the resolution, marking the end of the Paxtaren Federation and the beginning of the Paxtaren Republic on June 6, 1915 (14 Terdecus 281AL).

In 1925 the national capital was established in Sansimeon, the smallest of the three Coast Region capitals.

In the 1940s political disfunction and corruption lead to a national referendum resulting in Assembly members being selected by national lottery.

Current Issues

Energy

North Sabishii Solar Power Facility

By the early 1950s, Paxtar was quickly exhausting its limited supply of easily accessible fossil fuels, and becoming increasingly dependent on energy imports. Economic growth became limited by increasing energy costs. In 1953 the Paxtaren government began funding research in to exploiting its thorium reserves. The first full-scale nuclear reactor was built south of Sansimeon in 1969, and additional reactors were built as funding could be made available.

In spite of the success of the program, a general distrust of nuclear-based power, and the increasing costs of imported energy, has lead to increased investment in wind and solar power.

Water

The relatively dry climate in the north is the biggest challenge facing Paxtar as its population continues to grow. Although there are a number of rivers, none are large enough to sustain long-term growth. Several large desalinization plants are planned to support the large coastal cities, freeing natural water supplies for the inland cities and for agriculture.

Transportation

Paxtar is over-reliant on domestic air travel due to an underdeveloped rail system, and relatively slow travel by automobile. This has lead to calls to build a modern passenger rail network, which has so far not extended beyond the Joriku-Safrisco area.

Climate

Weather Report
Paxtar has a relatively mild climate. The north of the country tends to be warmer, notably the interior of Sabishii which is also dryer than the rest of the country. The southern part of the country is marginally cooler and wetter, especially during the southern winter months.

Economy

Paxtar enjoys a high standard of living, with a diverse economy that has large manufacturing, agricultural, service, tourism and entertainment sectors. It is a large exporter of refined and manufactured goods, ranging from automobiles, aircraft and heavy equipment, to electronics, pharmaceuticals, glass, and steel.

Mining

Mining Operation in Nordland

Paxtar has several large mines from which iron, aluminum, thorium, rare earth mineral ores are produced. One coal mine is still active. Opals are also still mined, as are limited quantities of gold and platinum.

Agriculture

Farmland in Costabaja

It has a large agricultural sector, producing fruit, wines, grains, citrus, and fresh produce which is available to northern markets during the northern winter.

Manufacturing

Aircraft, automobiles, farm equipment, glass, electronics and precision machinery make up a major portion of the manufacturing sector.

Pharmaceuticals

Paxtaren pharmaceutical companies produce a wide array of medications, including general pain relievers, cancer treatments, antibiotics, antivirals, sedatives, hormones, and vitamins.

Major Imports and Imports of Note

Petroleum, automobiles, electronics, textiles, produce, coffee beans, cocoa beans.

Tourism and Entertainment

Playaroha Beach
Laengelem Air Museum

Paxtar has numerous tourist attractions, places of interest, and resort destinations which feature a range of activities including skiing, surfing, fishing, sailing, beaches and large national parks.

Currency

100 Star Note

The Paxtaren Star is the national currency of Paxtar, issued by the Bank of the Paxtaren Republic. The Star is printed in denominations of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 and 500 Stars. One Star consists of 100 smaller units called Sents, which are minted in 1,5,10,20, 50 sent coins. 1 and 2 Star coins are also widely circulated.

Provinces

Paxtar is comprised of seven provinces, each with its own distinct geography and history.

Sabishii, Costalta, Costabaja, Costamedia, Hinterland, Nordland, Gonfragerra


Paxtar-map.png
Province Capital Area km²
Gonfragerra-flag.png Gonfragerra Carmeleum 176,570
Costabaja-flag.png Costabaja Laengelem 67,690
Costalta-flag.png Costalta Safrisco 29,810
Costamedia-flag.png Costamedia Sansimeon 83,620
Hinterland-flag.png Hinterland Neuheim 70,100
Nordland-flag.png Nordland Armawahil 87,160
Sabiishii-flag.png Sabishii Joriku 192,610

Transportation

Road

A network of paved motorways connects all major cities and towns, allowing for easy travel and shipment of goods within Paxtar. Inter-province and high-traffic motorways are maintained by the national government, and are designated with the letter P.

Air

Paxair Watanabe 39-A
Scheduled air service is available to all major Paxtaren cities, and many towns have small airstrips. Safrisco is the main international gateway, although Carmeleum and Laengelem are increasingly competing for international departures, with their newer airport facilities. Customs and immigration facilities for private, charter, diplomatic, and non-scheduled flights are available in Sansimeon.

The Paxtaren national carrier is Paxair.

Water

Cargo Ship in Safrisco

Carmeleum, Safrisco and Laengelem are the three main cargo seaports.

Ferry services is available on the following routes: Barozu-Joriku-Kaze Island, Armawahil-Schwesterdorf-Tannenbach, Amispoteum-Caelumcado, and Castellum Island-Carmeleum-Videcormeum.

Rail

Rail service is underdeveloped, and used primarily for freight.

Military

M35
Paxtar maintains a strong defensive volunteer military. Paxtaren Defense Forces (PDF) are comprised of an army, navy and an air force.

The Paxtaren military currently has 155,000 active duty members, and 30,000 reservists.

Language

Paxlinga is the official language of Paxtar, although regional languages are still spoken.

Castilian can be heard in the coastal provinces, Costalta, Costamedia and Costabaja. Almanish is still spoken in Nordland and Hinterland. Nonish is spoken in Sabishii, and Tenibri, which has western Antarephian origins, is spoken in Gonfragerra.


Calendar

Paxtaren Calendar with CC dates
The Paxtaren calendar was adopted in 1725, and set year 0 as the birth year of Lorenzo Lozano, 1633 in the common calendar. Calendar dates are designated AL (after Lozano) and DL (before Lozano). The year generally begins on day after the southern winter solstice, which falls on June 22 of the common calendar.

The week is comprised of seven days: Lūndág, Tärdág, Vāsdág, Mitdág, Fūegdág, Stärndág and Soldág, the last two making up the weekend.

The calendar has 13 months of 28 days each, and a festival period of one day in regular years (two days in leap years).

The months are Prémus, Secūnd, Tertus, Cārtus, Cénus, Sextus, Septus, Āctus, Nonūs, Desimus, Undesus, Duodesus, Terdesus, followed by Festus.

National Holidays

  • New Year's Day: 1 Prémus
  • Republic Day: 14 Terdecus
  • Spring Day: 5 Cārtus
  • Founding Day: 27 Cénus
  • Festus: 1 Festus (and 2 Festus in leap years)

Government

Paxtar is a representative republic, with mandatory voting and participation. The government is made up of three branches, the Citizens' Assembly, Executive Council, and Judiciary. National elections are held every two years, but can be held earlier.

Advisory Staff

The Advisory Staff, which is responsible for the day-to-day operations of the government, is made up of professional bureaucrats, who have training in law and government. They are required to avoid political and personal bias, serving only in an advisory and technical role. They majority assest the Citizens' Assembly and its members, with the remainder assisting the Judiciary and the Executive Council.

Citizens' Assembly

The Citizens' Assembly is responsible for approving laws, and confirming appointments put forth by the Executive Council. Assembly members may also propose legislation.

The Assembly consists of 350 citizens, randomly chosen by lottery, who serve terms of four years. All citizens between the ages of 25 and 70, who are mentally competent, and have not committed major crimes, are required to take part in the yearly lottery, which replaces one fourth of the Assembly every year. Someone who has previously served in the Assembly may decline a second term, and is automatically barred from serving a third term.

Executive Council

The Council is the ruling governmental body responsible for enacting and enforcing laws, and for overseeing governmental agencies. The Council requires Assembly approval for major appointments and decisions.

The Council is made up of the seven provincial governors, who are elected by popular vote in their provinces. They serve terms of six years, without term limits, but can be removed from office by a recall vote.

The moto of the Council is 'Un Vose', since the council speaks with one voice. Council decisions are made by majority vote, with only the final result being made public. Traditionally, council members do not discuss their votes. In cases where an abstention or absence results in tie vote, the Premier can be called upon to break the tie.

Premier

The head of state, known as the Premier, holds an office that is largely cerimonial, and almost without political power. The premier can call for early (recall) elections, and may cast a tie breaking vote in the Council.

The Premier is appointed by the Executive Council, and confirmed by the Assembly. The Premier serves a term of no more than ten years, and generally stays in office until a new Premier is appointed and confirmed.

Paper currency features the Premier's signature.

Judiciary

The Judiciary is made of one national court, and seven provincial courts, each made up of seven judges serving maximum terms of 20 years.

Minor courts dealing with local legal issues are established by the major courts as needed, and are comprised of anywhere from 1 to 7 judges, depending on the importance of the issue being decided. Traffic courts generally have one judge, while murder trials have seven.

Judges are appointed by the Executive Council, and confirmed by the Assembly.

Provincial Governments

Each province elects a Governor which represents the province in the executive council. Although the head of the provincial government in name, the governor has no official power within the provincial government. A Vice Governor is the chief executive in Costalta, Costamedia, Costabaja, Nordland, and Hinterland. In Gonfragerra the position is called Portempe, and Sabishii has its own provincial executive council with five members. Provinces have their own legislatures, with members elected by popular vote.

Politics

Political parties play a large roll in local politics, and in electing the seven governors. The parties also provide assistance to affiliated members in the Citizens' Assembly. Roughly 25% of the electorate is unaffiliated with any political party, and when selected for the Assembly may choose to work with any of the parties, or remain unaffiliated (Neāfiléāde).

Major Parties

Political Makeup of Citizens' Assembly

Labor Party

The Labor Party (L) favors strong worker's rights and strong regulation of employers. The Labor Party counts roughly 11% of the population as its members and currently hold 40 seats in the Assembly.

Paxtaren Progressive Party

The largest Paxtaren political party is the Progressive Party, also known as the PPP. It favors steady economic growth, fiscal caution, social progressivism, and engaging internationally, but without becoming embroiled in foreign affairs or conflicts.

45% of the population is registered to the PPP. It currently hold 162 seats in the Citizens' assembly.

Traditional Party

The Traditional Party (TP) counts 10% of the electorate as its members. It tends to favor socially conservative policies, minimal immigration, increased penalties for criminals, a strong defensive military and decreased international engagement.

Traditionalists currently control 43 seats in the Citizens' Assembly.

Freedom Party

The Freedom Party (PLP) began as part of the Traditional Party, but split over differences over international policy. Traditionalists favor increased international involvement, and the use of the military to increase Paxtaren influence. The party promotes reducing taxes, changing mariage laws to become more restrictive, strengthening narcotics laws to be less lenient, and harsher overall penalties for criminals.

Approximately 6% of the population belongs to the Freedom Party, which currently hold 33 seats in the Citizens' Assembly.

Fringe Parties

Numerous fringe parties exist in Paxtar. The most well-known of those are:

  • Sabishii Monarchist Party (SR), which favors the restoration of the Sabishii Monarchy, and the secession of Sabishii.
  • Sabishii Independence Party (SIP), which promotes the secession of Sabishii, but without a monarch.
  • Nordland First (NU), which promotes the secession of Nordland. One party member is currently in the Citizens' Assembly.

Religion

The majority of Paxtarens identify as non-religious, but may follow traditions of one (or more) of the three historic regional religions for solemnizing weddings, births, deaths, or other formal occasions.

Madonism

Originally an offshoot of Ulethan religions, Madonism became common in the early 1600s after the withdrawal of Castellán. It focussed on the worship of a Universal Mother, who gave birth to the world and everything within it. Madonists are found predominantly in the Coastal Regions, where they still have several actively used churches, easily identified by use use of Mādona, Lady or Dām, in their names.

Spiritualism

Spritualists believe in gods (or spirits) of places and being. Although not widely practiced, maintained shrines still exist near many bodies of water, in deep woods, in caves, and on remote hills and mountains. The shrines are generally located in scenic spots of natural beauty or seclusion, with the larger and more accessible ones favored for weddings and funerals. Various forms of spiritualism were historically practiced in Sabishii, Nordland and Hinterland.

Universalism

A modern offshoot of Spiritualism, Universalism is the belief that the universe is alive, aware, but indifferent. Universalists believe that the natural world, and all living things within it, should be respected.


Paxtarens of Note

Paxtaren Companies of Note