Pyingshum

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11, 36.4229, 119.3088
Pyingshum-sur
Pyingshum sur.png
City
The Sunmyuel Tyanhā Canal feeding into the river Kime in Mómauel-Pang
Motto:
"Pyáfu, tujú"
Rise, always
CountryKojo
DemonymPyingshumanian
Area
 • Total1302 km2
Population
 • Census (2015)8 600 000
 • Density6 605/km2
Metro17 lines + 5 highly branched Papáchē routes

Pyingshum (pjiŋɕɯm) is the capital and biggest city of Kojo. It is the centre of politics, culture and commerce as well as the country's main transportation hub.

History

Pre-historic

The area around today's Pyingshum was inhabited by various tribes without apparent cultural connections or language since the stone age. There have been various findings of ancient tools and cave drawings as well as primitive clothing. Earliest housing and farming facilities found date back to around 9,000 b.c.

The 3 ages (old classics)

The time between the formation of civilisation and the take over of the early Pyilser-krun'a Dynasty is usually, when referring to the area around Pyingshum, divided into 3 ages; The 1st age starts with the first permanent settlements along the river Kime, which flowed in a slightly different bed at that time. These small agricultural communities were formative to large areas along major rivers in Kojo with fertile land.

The 2nd age is usually seen between 200 and 950. During this time the first small cities were forming, amongst them the ancient ancestor of today's Pyingshum, Tyússen. This settlement was developing on a major hill carved by the river Kime, and is today known as the Castle Hill in Kūtokkyaen-Pang. There are no physical remains of this city.

In the 3rd age, lasting from ~950 to 1249, the region entered a temporarily dark age due to some phases of intense wars and fighting. Several small potentates in the region tried to seize power from each other. Eventually, after a large battle, Abdi-Likk and his troops appeared to have won and captured the city of Tyússen on today's Castle Hill. Damaged by the intense fighting, they rebuild much of the town in a few years. However, meanwhile the Krun'a merchant family, who had more or less ruled over the city previously, managed to secretly gain support amongst opponents of Abdi-Likk, and prepared for a surprising re-capturing of Tyússen. In 1249 they stormed the yet unfortified city with the unified troops of many formerly inexpiable fighters, and killed all members of Abdi-Likk's clan. They completely burned down the city and used all materials to build their new fortress on the top of the hill. The new city, "Pyilsshum'yu", developed at the feet of the hill. The Krun'a clan formed the new Pyilser-krun'a Dynasty lineage, in which many of the collaborates were included via marriages and other arrangements.

Early Pyilser-krun'a Dynasty

From 1249 to around 1620 the Pyilser-krun'a lineage controlled the area around Pyingshum relatively unchallenged, and the city was slowly growing at the feet of Castle Hill, which itself was mostly kept as a garden for the royal family. Many remains of this old Pyingshum can still be seen today in Kūtokkyaen-Pang. The remains of the Old City Wall "Kū Tokkyaenbu" still mark the area occupied by this oldest part of the city . The kingdom was one of many in the area of today's Kojo, which was a rag rug of small kingdoms and principalities. However this relative peace was about to come to a sudden end.

Civil War and Emerging as Capital of Kojo

Caused by an escalating civil war between the countless many kingdoms and a great famine in 1620, huge parts of the population in the area of today's Kojo and immediate surroundings were forced to flee and relocate, mingling language and culture. As a result, all political structures were disrupted, and only few kings were able to stay in charge of their kingdoms or principalities. Things slowly settled down for about 40 years, while the survivors of the big migration wave started to build their new lives and new political structures arouse where the former sovereigns lost control. Due to a good balance of handling the mass influx of foreigners to the city and surroundings while at the same time upholding military strength again concurring kingdoms, Pyingshum was not as heavily damaged as many other major cities and emerged from the big wave under good conditions. Because the kingdom happened to do quite well economically and influentially after the wave, King Surb Rēkku from the Pyilser-krun'a dynasty intensified his aspiration to gain more control over the other kingdoms in the area from the early 1630's on, and his family's kingdom slowly rose in power.

In 1622, 4 years into his reign and at the age of 20, he had married 18 years old Chihaya Nabunga, daughter of the Hopponese leader Ato Nabunga and his concubine, or rather co-empress, Queen Riya. The Hopponese leader hoped that the marriage would improve general political stability in the north; marrying his daughter to the Pyilser-krun'a Dynasty, he gambled that Surb Rēkku would be able to unify the area of today's Kojo. Eventually, 4 years before his death, in 1668, an area quite similar to today's Kojo was unified by the King and his Hopponese wife, and Pyingshum became the capital of the new Kingdom of Kojo. The country entered a phase called "High Pyilser-krun'a Dynasty", which was marked by a large draw of administration, science and trade to the new nation's capital, where it flourish. Also, the marriage to Hopponese royalty not only had a vast influence on rules and rites in the royal court itself, but also drew, in addition to the already quite extensive court society, a considerable number of Hopponese admirers who followed their beloved Chihaya and settled down in Kojo permanently. This had a large impact on the the Kojolese language, whose modern variant is largely influenced by royal Pyilser and Hopponese.

On the aspect of city planning, Surb Rēkku also commissioned a large extension to the century-old city wall. The large influx of new inhabitants from all over the country into the already crammed city made him to mandate the drainage of the swampy area to the west of the old city, and the constructible surface area of the city quadrupled by 1663. This demonstration of will for expansion was one of the many factor which promoted the peaceful unification of Kojo 5 years later. He also started building the "Beautiful Princess Nobun'ga Bridge" ("Mēonra Nabun'ga Kamul") in the new western part of the city, which posed the first permanent construction crossing the river. At the adjacent market square there is the Hopponese Quarter "Hoppon no Machi" (ホッポンの街).

In the year of the Kojolese unification in 1668, Surb Rēkku opened this bridge, and it still is a major tourist attraction today.

High Pyilser-krun'a Dynasty

As the capital city of the Kojolese Kingdom, the city of Pyingshum established itself as the unchallenged primate city in the wider region as trade, higher education and bureaucracy went through the roof. Up to 1826, for a total of 577 years since 1249, it was under direct control of the Pyilser-krun'a dynasty, which from 1668 on governed all of Kojo from there. Around the beginning of the 19th century, the King commissioned the first planned expansion of the city in post-medieval times, with the erection of Jiuefum Bei, "Rectangle Quarters", in today's Goengyuē-Pang. For the most part however, the monarchy wasn't too concerned with mindfully facilitating the population growth caused by the first effects of the upcoming industrialisation.

Industrialisation and the down-throw of the Monarchy

As the first vibe of industrialisation swept through the country, social problems became apparent, and unrest was forming in the workers' quarters. Leading up to the 1820's, the people were dissatisfied with their extravagant and incompetent ruler's way of spending enormous amounts of money on splendour and luxury while the housing conditions in the city became more than unbearable, and finally overthrew monarchy violently, but without much resistance from the military, which had its own plans, in 1828. It stormed the castle atop castle hill, and most members of the royal family were killed.

A semi-democratic constitution was written and proclaimed in 1834, and the relatively new government saw itself confronted with a relatively full treasury, which it took over from the royals and other aristocratic families. So it came that the national parliament decided in the 1840's that to the north-north-west of the old city core, where there was space to build on, a new capital was to be erected at a small distance to the historic, "archaic" city centre, with wide boulevards radiating from the centre-piece, the Arc of Unity. In these government quarters the new democratic institutions got established. The road layout as well as the architecture was supervised by lead city planner and architect Tunmaldu-Oejaén Ozuman, and the city centres still attracts visitors today who marvel the distinct Ozuman Style. Modern Ozuman Chezi, formerly a royal country estate, was turned into a temporary passenger railway station until a sustainable solution was to be found; this was extremely popular as it was perceived as an act of revenge against the former monarchy. Despite soaring usage, is was used as a railway station for several years, with temporary platforms being erected at its back pointing towards the south and the west. At the same time, the building of today's Humenyamin Chezi was built, originally as a large market and exhibition hall.

Although the city planners knew that over time the two city centres would probably merge and together form the centre of a much larger city, the unexpected quick rise of industrialisation drew so much people into the city that after just a few years the city duplicated in size. Railway traffic increased as well, and soon the new temporary passenger railway station was at its limits. It was decided to build the new Limbē-Dyanchezi in the west, where formerly there only was a railway yard, and to cut back the tracks leading to Ozuman-Chezi (however a considerable section was then converted to the new metro line 2). This was the last major change to the urban shape of Daiamondoshi-Pang, and it also gave way to developing large parts of Kami so Kuruchi-Pang and Senjahi-Pang following a similar style as the successful Daiamondoshi. Limbē-Dyanchezi handled its first commercial trains in early 1872. A couple of years later, in 1880, Aku-Dyanchezi opened in the far, yet undeveloped south of the capital, however due to a missing metro link at the new station (line 1 would reach the station only many decades alter) the western terminus remained the city's busiest railway station for a long time.

The first section of metro line 1 began operation in 1891, and already in 1892 line 2 run from east to west to connect Daiamondoshi-Pang from the the great amber market hall (now Humenyamin Chezi) and the former Ozuman Chezi with the new western far-distance railway station.

Approaching the 20th century the metro system continued to grow steadily.

20th Century

In the 60's, to meet demand of a growing car-ownership rate, the G1 - Pyingshum-Góso Kul, a highway enclosing what today is the inner city, was built. The first [[1]] lines started operation in the late 60's, and in 1975 and 1981 the north-south and east-west tunnels for these express services were opened.

A slow but steady rise in office-space demand from the 70's onward led to the planning and construction of the central business district in the suburb to the north of the southern far distance railway station ("Aku-Dyanchezi"); this involved major relocation programmes as the area was already strongly developed, and the decision is still being fought over to this day. On the other hand this new business area allowed for the construction of several sky-scrapers and tall, modern buildings in general, as it was located several kilometers from the other two historic cores, which brought less building restrictions due to skyline protectionism and historic sites on the ground.

The outer Papáchē ring-line had been used for mass-transit as early as the 50's, but complete integration as a Papáchē service only commenced in 1983, amongst others to link the new stadium that has been built on now unused dock-spaces in the new harbour. It mostly follows already existing rail infrastructure.

Modern times

Geography

Climate

Climate data for Pyingshum, Kojo (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8.9 11.6 16.7 21.8 26.3 30.6 32.1 31.9 28.5 22.6 16.0 10.2 21.43
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.8 6.4 11.2 16.2 21.2 25.6 27.3 26.8 23.1 16.8 9.5 5.2 16.1
Average low °C (°F) −0.7 1.4 5.7 10.6 15.8 20.3 22.2 21.6 17.4 11.1 5.5 0.7 10.97
Average precipitation mm (inches) 80.1 90.5 118.1 115.7 110.4 73.2 95.6 56.2 60.5 81.1 115.4 119.8 1,116.6
Average rainy days 7.9 8.5 9.6 8.5 8.1 7.2 6.5 5.9 5.5 6.7 7.8 7.9 90.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 167 174 215 255 302 321 327 307 251 245 246 173 2,983
Source: Kojolese Meteorological Agency.


Sprawl

Urban regions in Kojo tend to developed in a slightly more compact way than comparable cities in the developed world[citation needed]. One reason is the urban geography and history of the whole country; throughout history power was only ever concentrated on relatively few urban centres, and during the medieval ages there wasn't a phase of city foundation like in other countries. Later on, the centralistic nature of Kojo didn't allow for regional centres of governance to come up, concentrating all bureaucracy in the capital Pyingshum. During industrialisation, the manufacturing industry grew mostly around the few distinct urban centres.

Combining these factors even around Pyingshum there were only few settlements that had the chance to grow into commuter suburbs with local centres during the age of the auto mobile. Examples are Mezoérushi to the west (now Mezoérushi-Dengshō), Kókōburyu in the north-east on the river ( now Kókōburyu-Dengshō) or Maikulā in the south (still an independent city).

Most significantly, the government took conscious measures to encourage dense and close suburb development, actively restricting residential developments in surrounding cities. In Kojo, the national government can suppress zoning decisions of cities if they, for example, lie close to larger cities and are de-facto suburbs, in favour of zoning closer to the urban core. An excellent public transportation network both was made possible by this development pattern and in turn reinforced it.

Transportation

Road Network

Over the years traffic policies in Pyingshum have always been constantly fighting the soaring usage of cars: while on one hand trying to meet with the demand by implementing appropriate traffic solutions, car usage in the inner city is being discouraged in a number of ways.

There are 4 highways feeding into the city from other parts of the country. They all connect to the G1 - Pyingshum-Góso Kul, a ring motorway enwrapping the inner city and connecting it to the rest of the country via 4 radiating motorways, the G2 - Aku Limbē re Góso (South West leading highway), the G3 - Aku Dyong re Góso (South East leading highway), the G4 - Kibō Dyong re Góso (North East leading highway), and the G5 - Kibō Limbē re Góso (North West leading highway), notably also accessing the city's airport. Since the 80's there is also an outer ring highway with a radius of about 15 km.

There are 7 car-only motorway-like through-ways that extend into the inner city to grant quick access to the motorway network, and 6 through-ways that reach out into the outer quarters, in addition to the 4 national motorways. These city-internal de-facto motorways are labeled from C1 to C11. Also, there is an outer circular motorway, which connects the outer suburbs with each other. It is referred to by C4.

Contrary to these car-friendly measures taken by the city, especially in the inner city car traffic is discouraged by a number of policies; since the rise of the automobile, many narrow streets in central neighbourhoods have been transformed into pedestrian and bike-only paths, decreasing the number of households with direct road access as well as the number of intersections. Also the vast metro network has constantly been upgraded to ensure sufficient mobility for the city's inhabitants. There is virtually none free public parking, and high fees are imposed on car ownership in the inner city in general. It has often been discussed to implement tolls on the city's motorways, but this idea has been rejected on practical as well as legal grounds. Instead fight pollution a national law was passed that allowed the city to establish two designate low emission zones. Zone I includes the area inside of the outer highway ring, and with the exception of the motorway leading to the harbour and the harbour area itself highly polluting vehicles are banned here. Zone II covers the inner city inside of the inner highway ring, and here Diesel as well as even less polluting vehicles as in zone I are prohibited from entering. It is possible to buy-out one's vehicle from this ban by paying, depending on the vehicle's emissions, a fee from 3,500 Zubi up to 15,000 Zubi (~600 int$) per month. The car sticker given out to these exempt vehicles is also known as "Daiamondoshi-medal", because most of them belong to the super rich elite who reside in Daiamondoshi-Pang, who are willing to pay these exorbitant amounts to be still able to show off their prestige cars.


Streets in Kojo are named in a hierarchical way. The highest road class is a "-daitō"(lit. ~Avenue, mapped in red). These are the city's main arteries, and usually have at least 3 but usually even more lanes for each direction. They connect the focal points of the city, such as train stations, large public buildings, and facilitate large amounts of cross-neighbourhood traffic in general.

The second highest road class is called "-kesha"(lit. ~Alley, mapped in orange). These are wide streets with at least 2 but usually even more lanes for each direction. They guide the traffic flow through the neighbourhoods, and often serve as feeders to the daitōs.

The third highest road class is called "-toku".(lit. ~shop street (archaic), mapped in yellow). These streets can have only as few as one lane per direction, but still manage a much larger traffic volume than smaller streets by the means of e.g. traffic regulations and routeing.

All other streets are collectively referred to as "fourth level". They can end on various suffixes, like "-michi" (lit. road), "-sol" (lit. path) or other. This also applies to the countless "streets" that are not actually accessible by car.

Public Transportation in Pyingshum

Full article: Public Tranportation in Pyingshum

Railway

Pyingshum is the country's main railway knot. It is connected to the other major cities of the country via the IC (InterCity), a THC high speed train system that reaches speeds up to 320 km/h. The network serves the city's three far-distance train stations, Limbē-Dyanchezi(Western Far-Distance Station), Kibō-Dyanchezi(Northern Far-Distance Station) and Aku-Dyanchezi(Southern Far-Distance Station). Transfer between these stations has to take place via the Chitakyoe Huwochē (Subway) or the Papáta Huwochē (Express trains). Most large cities in Kojo have a direct connection to the capital, and IC 8a and 8b are the only routes that don't connect to Pyingshum at all. The following table shows all the IC services accessing Pyingshum:

Number stops (go both directions) frequency (weekdays, daytime) name
IC 1a Aku-Dyanchezi, Kahyuemgúchi, Leshfyomi-sul, Kippa, Láoféi, Kimelíngsan-shu, Jaka 1 h Kime wálsha
Kime Runner
IC 1b Aku-Dyanchezi, PSM Int. Airport, Leshfyomi-sul, Kippa, Láoféi, Kimelíngsan-shu, Jaka 30 min Kime hayelsha
Kime Flyer
IC 2a Aku-Dyanchezi, Kahyuemgúchi, Nároggul, Igilaē, Womenlū, Godan, Finkyáse, Marbella, Croix de S. Henri, St. Denis-Gare du Nord (Ataraxie-Ville) 1 h Ókusidong Dékufoer
Occident Discoverer
IC 2b Aku-Dyanchezi, PSM Int. Airport, Nároggul, Igilaē, Womenlū, Godan, Finkyáse, Ántibes 1 h Fóskimoeta
Gold Horizon
IC 3a Kibō-Dyanchezi, Formajiá, Īme (Abuchezi), Wenzū, Yoyomi, Kwaengdō, Umishiro, Tsuyenji, 30 min
IC 3b Kibō-Dyanchezi, Formajiá, Īme (Abuchezi), Wenzū, Yoyomi, Kwaengdō, Kwaengdō Shaddóti 1 h
IC 4 Kibō-Dyanchezi, Makalasueng, Busakyueng 30 min
IC 5 Kibō-Dyanchezi, Formajiá, Īme (Abuchezi), 1 h
IC 6 Kibō-Dyanchezi, Formajiá, Īme (Abuchezi), Wenzū, Yoyomi, Kari, Toefyei 1 h
IC 9 Aku-Dyanchezi, Peha so Erra Chezi (PSM), Sújoshí, Kimaéchul, Kippa north, Kippa, Asaka, Hetta 30 min
IC E1 Aku-Dyanchezi, Finkyáse 2x in the morning/evening per dir.
IC E2 Aku-Dyanchezi, Finkyáse, Denis-Gare du Nord (Ataraxie-Ville) 3x in the morning/evening per dir. Ókusidong Sótoez
Occident Jumper
IC E3 Aku-Dyanchezi, Kippa 1x in the morning/evening per dir.
IC E4 Aku-Dyanchezi, Kippa, Jaka 3x in the morning/evening per dir.
IC E5 Kibō-Dyanchezi, Yoyomi 1x in the morning/evening per dir.
IC E6 Kibō-Dyanchezi, Yoyomi, Kwaengdō, Kwaengdō Shaddóti 3x in the morning/evening per dir.

For the full network see IC. There are train services reaching Ataraxia in the west, UL023 and UL020 in the north as well as UL019 in the east. They are jointly operated by the respective railroad agencies.

Pyingshum is also served by many CC trains, a slightly downgraded version of the IC.

In addition to high-speed trains, Pyingshum is also heavily serviced by KC trains, the regional rail network, and their KCP express-variant counterpart. These trains also reach out to smaller cities in the country, and have a maximum speed of 200 km/h (120 km/h for the regular KC trains).

In Kojo a traveler can know from the name suffix of any station by what type of train they are serviced. "Norikichezi" and "Chezi" indicate that metro express services stop here, but no regional or inter city trains. At a "Dōzi" however, one can board regional KC trains and at a "Dyanchezi" there is access to the high speed IC network as well.

Airport

The Pyingshum International Airport is the city's major airport and also functions as hub for all of Kojo. It was opened in 1988, and the most recent major upgrade was completed in 2009. With 6 Terminals and 104 gates its total capacity is around 70 million passengers a year, which it is currently operating at.

Up to 1988 Longte Puechaésa A'éropō in Porāgu-Dengshō south of the city centre and the even older Kū A'éropō in Onsen-tōjiru-Pang in the inner city had to facilitate all civil air traffic of the city, and where hopelessly over-strained. After the opening of the new modern airport, Kū A'éropō was closed down to all kind of air traffic, and while some of the airfield was zoned for housing and dedicated to a new major railway line with 6 tracks, most was left open and is vividly used by the inhabitants as an alternative recreational zone. By 1992, all scheduled air traffic had been relocated from Longte Puechaésa A'éropō as well, and two of the three runways were closed down and turned into parks and residential zones. The airport and its single runway now have a very diversifies usage; it is used as a military base, although training flights are not carried out frequently with regard to the residents, express air-cargo such as organs or medicine are flown in, the government uses the airport for official flights and state receptions, the main terminal building now hosts a convention centre and connected facilities, and most importantly private jets flying to and from Pyingshum usually start and land here instead of the larger airport.

Harbour

Pyingshum's ports are situated along the river Kime. From north to south, these are:

  • Kókōburyu harbour
  • Sunmyuel Tyanhā harbour in Mómauel-Pang (touristic river cruises only)
  • Kansokkuwīdoling harbour in Róng'yeda-Pang (leisure and river cruises only)
  • xxx harbour with the new Olympia Stadium
  • xxx harbour, which also hosts the largest multi-modal goods transfer facility in Pyingshum between rail, ship and road
  • Zāle/Kime harbour, a small harbour at the convergence of these two rivers
  • xxx harbour in the suburb, partly turned into a recreational area

Economy

The Pyingshum Conference Centre in Chinkágaldosim-Pang, the new CBD

As the primate and capital city of the country, Pyingshum is seat of most of the country's major companies' headquarters and nearly all government related agencies (namely beside the highest courts, which are situated in Igilaē). As a result, the city's biggest employer is the government, followed by the Pyingshum Kōkyō Susyong Unzuó(Pyingshum Puplic Transport Authority), the Ginjin Ōnagara and Star, a shopping mall conglomerate founded in Kojo.

In the CBD Chinkágaldosim-Pang there is the Pyingshum Conference Centre, a large tent-like structure that hosts major meetings and business gatherings.

With an area of over 1,000,000 m² the Pyingshum Exhibition Centre in the south of the city is on of the world's largest trade fairs, hosting major fairs and congresses, conventions and other events of high importance all year round. It is situated next to Pyingshum Exhibition Centre Dōzi, where it can be reached by KC regional rail and the local as well as express serviced of metro lines 1 and 14. These lines stop at 2 other local stops along the the grounds as well. During opening hours, a special regional rail service is employed that runs between the airport and the trade fair without intermediate stops.

The city is also seat of the Pyingshum Stock Exchange.

National, International and Non-Governmental Institutions

As the capital of Kojo, Pyingshum is the primary seat of all national agencies and branches of government, excluding the highest courts. The following tables list these government offices in Pyingshum:

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Constitutional Bodies and Ministries in Pyingshum
Name Ingerish Map
Goakyan so Naelnimyue Ministry of Education OGFmapicon.png map
Búkinmolno so Naelnimyue Ministry of Finance OGFmapicon.png map
Fángri so Naelnimyue Ministry of Defense OGFmapicon.png map
Héngyi so Naelnimyue Ministry of Justice OGFmapicon.png map
Jōbunhakke Parliament OGFmapicon.png map
Kishamolno, Jijiyaengmolno ko Hīshíbyaeng so Naelnimyue Ministry of Commerce, Trade and Infrastructure OGFmapicon.png map
Ikihakkewe Iki Assembly OGFmapicon.png map
Gozóngchō so Jaesan Presidential Mansion OGFmapicon.png map
Gozóngchō so Hyokyanfā Offices of the Presidential bureau OGFmapicon.png map
Būla so Naelnimyue Ministry of Foreign Affairs OGFmapicon.png map
Sotta so Naelnimyue Ministry of Foreign Affairs OGFmapicon.png map
Jōbunhakke so Kanli Parliament Administration OGFmapicon.png map
Gankakuchō so Hyosilwe Chancellery OGFmapicon.png map


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Government agencies in Pyingshum
Name Ingerish Map
Kojo Azaggudaeki Chimryo Kojo National Press-Centre OGFmapicon.png map
Shínchopō sum shárukanyaesói so Kyanfā (SHSHK) Constitution Protection-Agency OGFmapicon.png map
Fanglyué-Jōto so Kyanfā (FJK) Military Counter-Intelligence Agency OGFmapicon.png map
Dózai-Tokapparyuē so Kyanfā Foreign Intelligence Service OGFmapicon.png map
Búkinshutugēl Sanzyofā central auditing authority OGFmapicon.png map
Kojo Zóngshin-weibyaeng Kojolese Central Bank OGFmapicon.png map


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Embassies of Ikis
Name Map
Cheryuman-iki OGFmapicon.png map
Chin'yaku-iki OGFmapicon.png map
Degyáhin-iki OGFmapicon.png map
Fóskiman-iki OGFmapicon.png map
Gyoéng'guffe-iki OGFmapicon.png map
Kyoélnain-iki OGFmapicon.png map
Nainchok-iki OGFmapicon.png map
Pacchipyan-iki OGFmapicon.png map
Pyingshum-iki OGFmapicon.png map
Rō-iki OGFmapicon.png map
Sappaér-iki OGFmapicon.png map
Wāfyeíkko-iki OGFmapicon.png map



The following list lists all branch or main offices of international intergovernmental organisations located in Pyingshum:

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International Organisations (tbd)
Name Ingerish Map


The following list lists all branch or main offices of international non-governmental organisations located in Pyingshum:

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NGOs
Name Ingerish Map
Mijizággai Maipalsói Kyanbun (IAA) International Adoption Agency (PH) OGFmapicon.png map
Mijizággai Tōsoryokku-Huwochē sum Yaeshittericha so Wúhakkai (IAAH) International Association for Advancement of High-Speed Rail OGFmapicon.png map
Mijizággai Shúshae Assol (IMU) International Mathematics Union OGFmapicon.png map
Ashkal-Altífō Wúhakkai (WAO) PH World-Archive Organisation OGFmapicon.png map
Mijizággai Showugan-Kyakkai (IMC) International Museums Cooperative OGFmapicon.png map


The following list lists all buildings used by the city's (Pyingshum-sur) and the region's (Pyingshum-iki) administration located in Pyingshum:

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Municipal and Regional offices
Name Ingerish Map
Pyingshum Kōfeibunwe Pyingshum City Hall OGFmapicon.png map
Pyingshum-iki Hyosilwe Pyingshum Region Administrative Building OGFmapicon.png map
Pyingshum-sur Hyosilwe Pyingshum City Administrative Building OGFmapicon.png map


Administration and Demographics

Kojo is divided into regions, the so-called Ikis. The city of Pyingshum Pyingshum-sur is inside the Region of Pyingshum, the Pyingshum-Iki, along with other cities such as Kahyuemgúchi and Formajiá. The city is subdivided into administrative districts, the Dengshōs. These divisions are also congruent to the postal-code and telephone-code areas. The Dengshōs in Pyingshum are numbered from 1 to 9, with number 1 being the inner city and the other 8 being situated and counted clockwise from the north around the inner city. Dengshōs are then subdivided into Pangs, which can be compared to wards or city quarters.

Pyingshum is very densely populated, with an average population density of 6 325 inhabitants per km² on an area of 1301.2 km². The metropolis' inner city is defined by the G1 - Pyingshum-góso kul, the city's highway ring. It's area is 106,8 km² and 2,719,100 people live here, giving it a population density of 25,460 people per km². As the largest city in Kojo it has attracted numerous immigrants from other countries, with roughly 15% of the population being born outside of the country, and 8% holding a nationality other than Kojolese. The largest home countries are Ataraxia, Hoppon, Wiwaxia...

List of Dengshōs in Pyingshum

Name of Dengshō & Number English translation area population pop. density Notes
Dosyaeng-Dengshō (1) Inner City-Borough 107,1 km² 2,810,110 26,238 inh./km² City Centre, encircled by circular motorway
Kibō-Dengshō (2) [North]-Borough 258.9 km²
Karesul-Machi-Dengshō (3) [Weathervillage-town]-Borough 140.3 km²
Mezoérushi-Dengshō (4) [Lumerjack town]-Borough 176.2 km²
Porāgu-Dengshō (5) [Name of former city]-Borough 178.9 km²
Akuchaeki-Dengshō (6) [Southforest]-Borough 120.2 km²
Sasu so Kyaeng-Dengshō (7) [Name of a person's hamlet]-Borough 113.4 km²
Kókōburyu-Dengshō (8) [Garlicplace]-Borough 206.1 km²

List of Pangs in Dengshō 1 - Dosyaeng

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes average wealth (GMNI*)
A'eru-Pang "upstream" 2.3 km² 73,600 32,000 Apartment buildings in wilhelminian style from the time of promoterism up to the 1930's 7.2
Agunas-Pang Name of a local Holiness 4.1 km² 74,240 17,963 large but luxury wilhelminian style from the time of promoterism up to the 1920's 9.0
Bikkifuē-Pang Zoo 2.0 km² 44,100 22,050 7.1
Bunkyō Chilzu-Pang Signsmaking-teaching 2.2 km² 52,800 24,000 large but luxury wilhelminian style from the time of promoterism up to the 1950's 8.0
Byoengwe-Pang Hospital 2.5 km² 55,550 22,220 7.8
Cheon'gyecchi-Pang Name of a person 3.3km² 106,260 32,200 Typical expansion of the late 19th to early 20th century. 5.1
Chinkágaldosim-Pang "Newtown-inner city" 1.9km² 23,180 12,200 New CBD at Aku-Dyanchezi, mostly offices and a few high-end apartments 9.8
Chuzaéru-Pang Unknown 1.3km² 35,035 26,950 Old Chuzaéru used to be a separate village; today mostly settled nightlife aimed at 40+ 6.2
Dachiya-dasu-Pang Fountain 3.6km² 79,200 22,000 4.2
Daiamondoshi-Pang Diamond sparkle 2.8 km² 10,725 3,380 Core of government quarters, characteristic symmetrical road layout. Ozuman style. By far the wealthiest neighbourhood in all of Kojo. 10.0
Doíku-Pang Opposite 2.0km² 35,960 17,980 Contains the pat of the old town on the southern shore of the river. 7.9
Fēmenlisur-Pang "Iron warehouse" km²
Gaerié so-Pang Guerrier (Ataraxian; "Warrior's Pang") 3.7km² 77,150 20,850 Named after the Enkēle Gaerié so Saélbufo shrine, the national memorial for fallen soldiers. Contains highly pedestrianised areas with vivid street life. 8.2
Gankakuchō-Pang Chancellor 2.1km² 41,555 19,788 Seat of the new Chancellery since 1992. Seat of many government offices, NGOs and other cultural institutions. Modern architecture from the last third of the 20th century due to the great fire of 1968. 8.8
Goengyuē-Pang In-between city 2.6km² 73,710 28,080 Built in the 1840's when the new government quarters to the north-west were erected. 8.4
Gyu-Pang Seed km² Highly polarised between social housing near the highway and expensive real estate in walking distance to Aku-Dyanchezi
Hintajuemba-Pang Mountain outside of the city 3.2km² 66,310 20,722 Built around and on a hill between the river and a disconnected former meander, offering scenic views. 9.1
Kami so Kuruchi-Pang "Gods' quarter" 3.3km² 62,583 18,965 Constructed during the 19th century, after Daiamondoshi-Pang was finished, in a similar style. 9.2
Kissha-Pang Song Thrush 2.5km² 48,850 19,540 Typical expansion of the late 19th century. Strong commercial influence. 4.2
Kūtokkyaen-Pang Old City 2.3km² 19,950 8,732 Oldest part of the city, tourism and bars, largely defined by the "new" city wall. Medieval and pre-industrial buildings preserved for most part. 8.5
Kyáoling-Pang Bridge-place 2.5km² 129,375 51,750 Affordable high rise apartment spaces, esp. the north very densely populated. Contains Pyingshum's largest single mall and the STAR Event venue. 2.0
Lamtyaichi-Pang Named after Lamtyaichi ("blessing water") Nekeze 2.4km² 92,688 38,620 5.2
Lí-Pang unknown 3.4km² 64,185 18,880 Especially western part close to government quarters is a popular neighbourhood for affluent expats and alike. 9.2
Matsukān-Pang Daisy way 1.8km² 101,160 56,200 Last social housing project in inner city, late 1970's 2.8
Mómauel-Pang Mill village 1.8km² 36,090 20,050 Here the Sunmyuel canal leads into the river Kime; most famous for cherry tree alley along the canal with cafes and nightlife. 7.9
Namgangshu-Pang Sparkle river bank 1.7km² 42,262 24,860 Historic centre used to be a separate town; iconic nightlife with restaurants, bars, clubs and a few shops and a wide river esplanade. 7.2
Ōnagara-Pang University 2.7km² 31,266 11,580 Seat of the university's largest campus; About a third is occupied by campus and park 9.4
Onsen-tōjiru-Pang unknown 2.3km² 62,700 27,260 Poorest neighbourhood in the inner city, experiencing slow gentrification since the 1980's after transformation of the airfield into a park. 1.8
Pamyung-Pang Otter-King 3.5km² 236,250 67,500 Most densely populated neighbourhood in Kojo, tower blocks built to increase supply of affordable living space close to city centre in the 1970's. 1.9
Risushel-Pang Name of an artist km²
Rom'yusu-Pang Wheat packer 2.5km² 105,800 42,320 Typical expansion around the beginning of 20th century. 5.0
Róng'yeda-Pang Honour-Field 3.0km² 109,091 36,319 Formerly industrially used area, now popular especially amongst artisty-young folks; strong gentrification ongoing. 3.8
Sébastopól-Pang Sébastopol=Name of an architect and city planner 2.8km² 84,560 30,200 Sébastopol created the Yaeyaésā so Fórum, a highly praised modernist social residential quarter, after the space was cleared from industrial usage. 4.6
Senjahi-Pang Bird's Melody 2.2km² 41,756 18,980 Transitional neighbourhood between the Ozuman-style Daiamondoshi and later more organic expansions, south of the presidential mansion. 9.0
Shōjuē-Mayong-Pang Name of a person 2.9km² 83,955 28,950 Typical expansion of the late 19th century. 7.2
Songduchi-makkā-Pang unknown 2.8km² 69,500 24,820 Typical expansin of the early 20th century. 3.5
Wakawushi-Pang Squire 4.7km² 87,750 18,670 Feels almost suburban 7.8
Weso zekunde-Pang Six items 3.2km² 55,710 17,410 Typical expansion of the early 20th century; formerly industrial, still comparatively strong commercial usage. 2.2
Wilsū-pan-Pang brew-village 3.4km² 118,456 34,840 Typical expansion of the late 19th to early 20th century. Slowly gentrifying due to university campus and good transit access. 6.1
Zaeyunsha-Okokoroshaē-Pang km²

List of Pangs in Dengshō 2 - Kibō

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes average wealth (GMNI*)

List of Pangs in Dengshō 3 - Karesul-Machi

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes average wealth (GMNI*)
Wissaem-Pang 12.1 39,930 3,300

List of Pangs in Dengshō 4 - Mezoérushi

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes average wealth (GMNI*)
Anshazen-Pang 5.9 30,680 5,200 3.0
Chin Hyetegi-Yúre Tsuri-Pang New Hyetegi-third flower 1.2 6,400 5,330 Result of messed up plebiscite
Dasshihyeto-Pang 5.7 17,500 3,070 5.0
Dasshiuel-Pang 10.6 29,500 2,780 6.7
Fal-de-Sorón-Pang 3.8 43,130 11,350 4.2
Higol-Pang 4.8 26,900 5,600 2.7
Kyántsure-Pang 4.7 23,500 5,000 3.9
Kū Mezoérushi-Pang Old Lumberjack town 2.7 24,200 8,960 2.7
Limbē Mezoérushi-Pang West Lumberjack town 3.7 26,250 7,100 3.8
Loebaccha-Pang 10.8 21,500 1,990
Másong-Pang 4.9 28,900 5,900 4.5
Raketéchonshae-Pang 3.5 58,100 16,600 4.3
Toríden-Jemsol-Pang 5.0 50,000 10,000 4.0
Tsūnaka-Pang 4.1 108,500 26,450 5.1
Wuemisouel-Pang 10.8 19,500 1,800 5.8
Kū Hyetegi-Pang 2.7 11,070 4,100
Tsurálong-Pang 3.6 18,000 5,000
Furiakajaen-Pang 4.5 26,100 5,800

List of Pangs in Dengshō 5 - Porāgu

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes average wealth (GMNI*)
Higáldo-Pang Name of a person 14.2 36,780 2,590 8.9
Kyuren-Pang 8.8 24,850 2,820 8.0
Otten-Pang Turtel-Pang 11.6 36,400 3,140 7.5

List of Pangs in Dengshō 6 - Akuchaeki

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes average wealth (GMNI*)

List of Pangs in Dengshō 7 - Sasu so Kyaeng

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes average wealth (GMNI*)
Andyaésul-Dyong-Pang Andyae-city-east 1.5 17,700 11,800 3.8
Andyaésul-Limbē-Pang Andyae-city-west 3.4 45,050 13,250 5.4
Aéffem-Pang 2.3 21,850 9,500 5.9
Dokkyu-Pang 1.8 12,420 6,900 3.8
Dosō-Pang 3.1 29,450 9,500 4.7
Hosōdeng-Pang 2.1 15,750 7,500 6.6
Joengsha-Pang Flag maker 2.0 29,300 14,650 5.6
Kalji-Pang 2.6 18,460 7,100 5.3
Mádoka-Fil-Pang 4.6 79,810 17,350 6.4
Sasu so Kyaeng-Pang Name of a person's hamlet-ward 2.2 30,200 13,730 Centre for south-eastern Pyingshum 7.0
Suedalkaémburī-Pang 2.5 16,500 6,600 6.2

List of Pangs in Dengshō 8 - Kókōburyu

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes average wealth (GMNI*)
Aku-Haelsong-Pang 10.7 13,000 1,215
Byueshael-Pang 2.6 23,920 9,200
Daembol-Tenshi-Pang 5.4 29,160 5,400 4.3
Kaerguel-Pang 12.9 23,500 1,822
Láiden-Pang 7.0 35,700 5,100 6.2
Maéisul-Pang Beautiful City 3.1 39,060 12,600
Osujíl-Pang Favourite (village) 3.7 37,200 9,400


  • The GMNHI, ("Gōzo ko Myingsamolno so Naelnimyue so Harefan nijúinde Índae", "Index of the Ministry of Labour and Social Issues about Neighbourhoods") is a (somewhat logarithmic) scale from 1.0 to 10.0, and is used to compare wealth and income distribution in political subdivisions in Kojo. It takes into account accumulated wealth, income, household size, safety, property prices, spread of these figures amongst the households in the neighbourhood etc. It is an instrument intended for city- and regional planning by measuring the wealth distribution in and between cities. It is supposed to enable planners to better address specific local planning and policy needs. It does NOT suggest that 1/10 of all neighbourhoods each fall into the categories 1.0-1.9, 2.0-1.2 etc. It is also not directed towards macro-economical analysis, but is seen as a good indicator with regards to the "feel" of neighbourhoods.

Tourism

Pyingshum is a highly frequented tourist destination for both international and domestic visitors. It is estimated that about 6 million international visitors come to the city every year (spending an average 4.8 nights and 2990 Zubi (130 USD) per night), with an additional 5 million overnight guests from inside Kojo; the number of domestic day visitors (excluding regular commuters) is thought to be around 50 million, however these numbers are hard to estimate.

Education

The biggest institution for tertiary education in Pyingshum an all of Kojo is the public Ginjin Ōnagara university. The university's campi are spread through the city centre, and in total there are about 250,000 students enrolled. There are a handful of smaller public and private universities across the city:

  • Maeltsu Ōnagara in Raketéchonshae-Pang, Mezoérushi-Dengshō. Private, educating about 7,000 students in the fields of medical care, therapy and similar
  • Maffyu-Taeldong Ōnagara in Dosō-Pang, Sasu-so-kyaeng-Dengshō. Private art and design school with ~4,000 students
  • School of International Business Studies Pyingshum in Gankakuchō-Pang, Dosyaeng-Dengshō. Educating the ~3,000 enrolled students in IBS and related subjects.
  • Doldae Ōnagara in -Pang, Kibō-Dengshō. The only other (public) sport university in Kojo (besides the well renown Jaka Chuso Azugáki-Folajji). 2,200 students enrolled.

Leisure

Parks

Aside many small public green spaces and tree lines on bigger boulevards there are also many designated large recreational zones across the city.

-list to be added-

Beaches

Alongside the river Kime, which flows through the city, some artificial beaches have been created for recreational purposes. In Kūtokkyaen-Pang, on the north side of the river, there has always been a small and narrow path in between the river and the steep cliffs. In the 1970's, especially due to a year-round much more regular water flow coming from the now dammed upper reaches of the river, this narrow area was transformed into a pedestrian and bicycle "express route" alongside a narrow strip of sand. This area is not comfortable for bathing though, as there is a 2 meters drop from the sand, which has to be hold back by a slim barrier, to the actual water level.

To the north, on the western side of the river in A'eru-Pang and opposite to Namgangshu-Pang there is a much wider beach that is also suited for swimming. It has several pedestrian bridges crossing the river leading to the party-quarter of [[[Namgangshu-Pang]].

Zoo and Botanical Garden

The Pyingshum Bikkimolno-Dyangfuē (lit. Animal-things Exhibition, usually shortened to "Bikkifuē" for Zoo) is a the largest Zoo in Pyingshum with over XX different enclosures and XX annual visitors. It is situated on the north of the inner Dengshō, alongside the circular motorway.

The Guóhuwei-kenzai is an old botanical garden close to the old city as well as the government quarters. It features a basic symmetrical layout and a huge glass hall, with a length of 195 m, a maximum width of 95 m and a ceiling reaching as high as 75 m. The hall has a significant warm climate and is an architectural attraction.

Urban hinterland

Pyingshum is surrounded by farmland, forestry areas, Zāle Chumchokkyigu (Zāle water meadows) and some little artificial lakes from former quarries or gravel-pits. The country side is an important get-away for the urban population, and on sunny weekends many villages and lake sides in the wider Pyingshum area become flocked with relaxation seeking day trippers.

Sports and Culture

Museums

  • Jōbun Chigai-Showugan (People's Art Museum), 1847, Ōnagara-Pang, mostly Kojolese and some foreign artists of all periods
  • Jōbun-Showugan (People's Museum), 1888, Goengyuē-Pang, national museum of history and technology
  • Pyinshum Chénbyue (Château Pyinshum), former palace of the Pyilser-krun'a dynasty that was left in ruins since the revolution, open-air museum about the obsolete Kojolese monarchy since 1964

Performing Arts

  • Gēshusamnengwe (Opera House), 1860's, 1950 spectators
  • Yínyuē-Taitaiwe (Concert hall), 1901's, 5850 spectators

Sport and event venues

There are two major stadiums in Pyingshum; The Pyingshum Kū Aenkaiwe(Pyingshum Old Stadium) is in the north west of the inner city in Wakawushi-Pang, next to Pamyung-Pang, and is connected to the metro lines 6, 11 and 12 and Papáchē A via the Kū Aenkaiwe Norikichezi. The area the building itself is occupying is approximately 36,000 m² and it seats around 50,000 people. It was build in the late 1960's, and therefore doesn't conform with many modern standards and expectations for a large international stadium anymore. It is mostly used for 2nd league sport matches or as an alternative to the new stadium, when no other option is available. It has been discussed several times to tear it down and replace it with newer sporting facilities.

The Pyingshum Ashkal Aenkaiwe (Pyingshum World Stadium) was built on a partly abandoned rail yard space in the harbour, and contains not only a multi functional stadium arena for team sports such as football, but also contains several swimming arenas and other inside sporting facilities. The stadium with a building footprint of 74,000 m² can seat up to 85,000 spectators. It is connected to the metro line 10 and the ring Papáchē C, for which the stadium's station constitutes the terminus point for timetable purposes.

In the north east of the inner city there is the STAR Kaijōmengwe (STAR Event Hall) which is used mostly for non-sport mass events like concerts etc. Depending on the floor layout it can accommodate up 70,000 visitors if demanded. Through the STAR Kaijōmengwe Norikichezi it is connected to the metro line 16 and the Papáchē D.

For the Pyingshum Exhibition Centre and the Pyingshum Conference Centre see #Economy.