|6, -8.7, 162.2|
|Republic Of Singkangia (ROS)|
Republik Singkangpura (Melayish)
新慷国共和国 (Babelic)Кангпубик ла Сингканг’ра (Kanglapolish)
""Ич Поскийати, Ич Кангсам, Ич Сингканг’ра""
"One identity, One nation, One Singkangia"
Ich Poskiyati, Ich Singkangia
|• National languages||Kanglapolish, Babelic, Ingerish, Melayish|
Melayii 20% Babelicans 15% Other Archantan Natives 7%Others 3%
|Government||Unitary dominant-party parliamentary constitutional republic|
|• President||Vu Zhang Da|
|• Prime Minister||Keng Tong Li|
|• Total||21778.60 km2|
|• Estimate (2017)||12,309,000|
|• Total||$208.051 billion|
|• Per capita||$174,979|
|HDI (2017)|| 0.888|
|Currency||Singkarean Pound (SKP)|
|Drives on the||left|
Singkangia, officially the Republic Singkangia (Kanglapolish:Кангпубик ла Сингканг’ра), also known as the Kanglapolish Lion Kingdom or State, is a sovereign nation in Archanta. To its north and east is Wintania, divided by the Kavva Valley, and to its west is (Troipoline/AR101), separated by Batong River and the Kasai Valley. Singkangia faces the Gulf of Archanta to the south. Singkangia's territories includes several islands near the mainland, including Pulau Semula Jadi and Keppong Island.
The currency used in Singkangia is the Singkarean Pound. The four national languages spoken in this country are Kanglapolish, Babelic, Melayish and Ingerish. Out of the four, however, Kanglapolish is the official language.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Infrastructure
- 4 Government and Politics
- 5 Geography
- 6 Economy
- 7 Demographics
- 8 Culture
- 9 References
- 10 See also
The name 'Singkangia' came from two languages (Melayish and Kanglapolish). When the Singkangian Kingdom was established, the name 'Singa Kerajaan' was adopted, which literally means 'Lion Kingdom' due to the presence of lions in the area. The Kanglapolish name for the nation was 'Kangsamlan la Pobaora', meaning 'country of/with refuge'. This was because during the mass migration of Katayans from Kanglapo, the Singkangian Kingdom accepted the Katayans and gave them comfort, thus to them it seemed to be a 'country of refuge'. The the 13th century when the first Katayan king of Singkangia Kang Si Lou took power, he combined the Melayish and Kanglapolish names together, creating the name 'Singkang'ra'.
When the Ingerish and Karolians colonised Singkangia, the name was then translated for Ultehan explorers to be 'Singkangia'.
Prehistory and establishment of the Singkangian Kingdom
Nothing was known about Singkangia before the establishment of the Singkangian Kingdom. What could be gathered was that there were already settlements in the area ever since 500BC, but there was no central government ruling the settlements in the area. In the Singkangian Annals, it was stated that a runaway prince from the Melayish Kingdom arrived in Singkangia in 1299, whoo was tryong to escape from foreign powers attacking the kingdom. It was stated that by then, there were different tribes who were in conflict in one another, fighting over land and livestock. The prince approached one of the strong tribes' leader and seeked for protection against the foreign powers hunting for him while in exchange, help conquer the other tribes and place all the tribes under one rule. It was agreed, and then the tribe managed to conquer all the other tribes under the prince's military knowledge, and defeat the warriors seeking the prince.
However, the tribe leader died soon after the conquest, and the prince automatically took over. The prince then crowned himself king of all the tribes in the area. The people accepted him as king to rule over the kingdom, and thus the kingdom was established without resistance.
The prince, after ruling the kingdom for 12 years, passed away. His son Sang Kamil Maalik took over, but did not managed to rule the kingdom well. He was referred to as an inferior king compared to his father. However, he managed to build defences against invaders, set up a port so that the kingdom can trade with other kingdoms. The events after this, however, were unknown until the year 1360, when the kingdom faced a refugee crisis as Katayans fled and decided to settle in the country.
Division into Nabibia and Singkangia
In 1458, Ta Men Dai died without a will, creating problems on who will be king. Eventually, it was decide by the Katayan majority that his son, who is still in Singkangia, Ta Chang Sai to be king. However, the Melayii did not approve of him as Ta Chang Sai appeared to be a threat to the Inams and Melayii. They instead wanted Mohammed Habib Hussein I to be the next king. However, as Habib Hussein I is overseas on a diplomatic tour, Ta Chang Sai became king. As expected, he oppressed the Melayii terribly and they were expected to pay higher taxes than the other ethnic groups in his kingdom.
When Habib I arrived back to the kingdom, he requested from his brother the throne, but Chang Sai refused, and made the lives of the Melayii tougher. Eventually, the Melayii nominated Habib I to be king of the Nabibian Kingdom, on the northeast of the Singkangian Kingdom where majority of the Inams settled. Chang Sai was not happy, but not wanting a war with his brother, he agreed with his brother on the division.
Karolian colonisation of Singkangia
Ingerish colonisation of Nabibia and Singkangia
Free State of Singkangia
Main article: Democratic People's Republic of Singkangia
Transport in Singkangia
Cars and roads
See also: List of Expressways in Singkangia
As Singkangia is a small nation with a high population density, the number of private cars on the road is restricted so as to curb pollution and congestion. Car buyers must pay for duties one-and-a-half times the vehicle's market value, and bid for a Singkarean Certificate of Entitlement (COE), which allows the car to run on the road for up to only twenty years. The cost of the Singkarean certificate of entitlement alone is also a quarter of the car, and car prices are generally significantly higher in Singkangia than in other countries in Archanta. As with most Ingerish colonises, vehicles on the road and people walking on the streets keep to the left.
Singkarean residents also travel by bicycles, bus, taxis, the metro system Singkangian Underground (SKUD) and Singkangian Railways (SR).
Technology and Communications
Information and communications technologies (ICT) is one of the pillars of Singkangia's economic success. The World Economic Forum's 2015 Global Technology Report placed Singkangia as the most "Tech-Ready Nation". It is the most comprehensive survey of the pervasiveness and network-readiness of a country, in terms of market, political and regulatory infrastructure for connectivity.
Singkangia has the world's highest smartphone penetration rates. Overall mobile phone penetration rate is at 148 mobile phone subscribers per 100 people, as of 2016.
Water access and sanitation
[[|190px|thumb|left|Gamchang Reservoir, one of the many reservoirs in Singkangia]]
Access to water in Singkangia is universal, affordable, efficient and of high quality. Innovative integrated water management approaches such as the reuse of reclaimed water, the establishment of protected areas in urban rainwater catchments and the use of estuaries as freshwater reservoirs have been introduced along with seawater desalination to reduce the country's dependence on water imported from other countries.
Singkangia's approach does not rely only on physical infrastructure, but it also emphasises proper legislation and enforcement, water pricing, public education as well as research and development. The Singkangian Public Utilities Board (SPUB) is set up to educate people to manage use of water.
Government and Politics
Singkangia is a parliamentary republic with a Westminster system of unicameral parliamentary government representing constituencies. The country's constitution establishes a representative democracy as the political system. Executive power rests with the Cabinet of Singkangia, led by the Prime Minister and, to a much lesser extent, the President. The President is elected through a popular vote, and has veto powers over a specific set of executive decisions, such as the use of the national reserves and the appointment of judges, but otherwise occupies a largely ceremonial post.
The Parliament serves as the legislative branch of the government. Members of Parliament (MPs) consist of elected, non-constituency and nominated members. Elected MPs are voted into the Parliament on a "first-past-the-post" (plurality) basis and represent either single-member or group representation constituencies. The Singkangia's Action Party has won control of Parliament with large majorities in every election since the Singkangia's Democratic Communist Party (SDCP) was dissolved.
The legal system of Singkangia is based on Ingerish common law, but with substantial local differences. Trial by jury was abolished in 1962 so that judicial decisions would rest entirely in the hands of appointed judges. Singkangia has penalties that include judicial corporal punishment in the form of caning, which may be imposed for such offences as rape, rioting, vandalism, and certain immigration offences. There is a mandatory death penalty for murder, certain aggravated drug-trafficking and firearms offences.
Singkangia has been consistently rated among the least corrupt countries in the world. Singkangia's unique combination of a strong almost authoritarian government with an emphasis on meritocracy and good governance is known as the "Singkangian model", and is regarded as a key factor behind Singkangia's political stability, economic growth, and harmonious social order. However, in Singkangia, there were limited and restricted freedom of speech, which are imposed due to riots in the past caused by comments made by the public. All public gatherings of five or more people require police permits, and protests may legally be held only at the Speakers' Corner.
Main article:Foreign relations of Singkangia
Singkangia is part of the Assembly of Nations (AN). Singkangia's foreign policy is aimed at maintaining security in Archanta and surrounding territories. An underlying principle is political and economic stability in the region. It has diplomatic relations with more than 100 sovereign states, though it does not maintain a high commission or embassy in many of those countries. It also maintains its close relationship with its neighbours, though sometimes conflicts between the two nations occasionally occur, such as controversies over the building of Patelong Army Base.
The foreign policy of Singkangia is based on the premise that national security is best served by staying free of alliances in peacetime in order to remain a neutral country in the event of war. Singkangia maintains ties with both socialist and democratic states ever since a review of Singkangia's foreign relations in October 1975 after the new government took over.
The Singkangian Military Forces (SMF) is the of the most technologically advanced in Archanta. It comprises the Singkangia Land Forces (SLF), the Singkangia Navy (SN), and the Republic of Singkangia Air Forces (RSAF). This principle translates into the culture, involving all citizens in the country's defence. The government spends 4.9% of the country's GDP on the military—high by regional standards—and one out of every four dollars of government spending is spent on defence, as Singkangia is one of the most vulnerable countries to terrorism and invasions.
Singkangia's education system is one of the best in Archanta. The Singkangian Ministry of Education (SMOE) aims to help our students to discover their own talents, to make the best of these talents and realise their full potential, and to develop a passion for learning that lasts through life. Compared to other education systems in Archanta, it is rather more flexible and diverse. The aim is to provide students with greater choice to meet their different interests and ways of learning. Being able to choose what and how they learn will encourage them to take greater ownership of their learning.
The education system's principles is based on meritocracy. It is believed that everyone has the opportunity to succeed in life on the same tests and challenges. This system has helped to promote a competitive environment for students to strive for excellence in both academic or non-academic aspects. However, in recent years there were criticisms that parents who are more educated or have higher social-economic status levels are able to provide more academic support for their child. As a result, students with more academic support have a higher starting point academically are able to do better than their peers. This was seen as a flaw in the system, and the government are pumping in resources to ensure everyone are given equal opportunities to succeed.
Singkangia's healthcare system is based on a model of shared responsibilty where citizens and the government share the cost of healthcare<. It is praised for having the government to spend less on healthcare and yet allow Singkareans to have equal access to healthcare. This model of shared responsibilty comprises the 3Ms- Medisave, MediShield Life and MediFund. To ensure further affordability of healthcare in response to rising healthcare costs, healthcare costs continue to be heavily subsidised by the government by implementing a string of various schemes. Despite all this, many have urged the goverment to bear a larger share of the healthcare costs.
Singkangia is surrounded by two valleys- the Kasai in the west and Kavva Valley at the north. Singkangia, however, is mainly flat and there were only flat hills.
Singkangia has a tropical rainforest climate with no distinctive seasons, uniform temperature and pressure, high humidity, and abundant rainfall. Temperatures usually range from 22 to 35 °C. Relative humidity averages around 79% in the morning and 73% in the afternoon in the coastal areas, while inland areas have a lower relative humidity of 67% in the morning and 62% in the afternoon. While temperature does not vary greatly throughout the year, there is a wetter monsoon season from November to January. 
Further contrasts that prevent true all-year uniformity are the monsoon seasons which happen twice each year. The first one is the Northeast Monsoon which occurs from mid-November to early March. The second is the Southwest Monsoon season which occurs from June to September. Periods between monsoon seasons receive less rain and wind. During the Northeast Monsoon, northeast winds prevail, sometimes reaching 20 km/h (12 mph). There are cloudy conditions in December and January with frequent afternoon showers.
Spells of widespread moderate to heavy rain occur lasting from 1 to 3 days at a stretch. It is relatively dry in February till early March although rainfall still exceeds 120mm. It is also generally windy with wind speeds sometimes reaching 30 to 50 km/h in the months of January and February. During the Southwest Monsoon season, southeast winds prevail. Isolated to scattered showers occur in the late morning and early afternoon.
Singkangia has a highly-developed economy, based historically on extended entrepôt trade. It also had a huge proportion of immigrants from other countries, making Singkangia to have the most number of manpower in Archanta to help in its growing economy. Even though Singkangia's economy has stagnated and declined during communist times, making it unable to export fruits, rapid idustralisation from those times helped staged the foundation for Singkangia's economy. According to the Corruption Perceptions Index, Singkangia is consistently perceived as one of the least corrupt countries in the world.
Due to Singapore's small domestic market and limited natural resources, the country needs to continue to continue attracting Multinational Corporations (MNCs) which help to sustain her competitveness. This strategy has contributed to Singkangia's strong and stable economy. However, the presence of MNCs has created challenges for Small and Medium Entreprises (SMEs). SMEs in Singkangia are important as they contribute more than 50% of the economic output and 70% of employment in Singkangia. The SMEs has many challenges to face with the MNCs such as shortage of labour and expertise, insufficent profits and small domestic market.
Singkangia used the Singkarean Pound, named after the people who helped Singkangia's economy. It is normally abbreviated with the pound sign £, or alternatively S£ to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies. 1 pound equals to 20 sen, which equals to 50 el and then 100 bar, which is worth 1000 kav. The kav is much less in use.
Trade and Industry
On top of Singkangia’s import list is petroleum that represents 35% of its total imports, followed by computer and computer spare parts that represent 10%. Singkangia imports petroleum gas in smaller amounts. Singkangian companies also import broadcasting equipment and office machinery. Most part of imported products by Singkangia came from most parts Archanta, and thanks to the canal in Mecyna and an international agreement signed, all ships can use the canal (with the exception of warships which are bound in war) to trade with Singkangia. Also, including a free-trade agreement with Khaiwoon, trade has increased, importing more products from Uletha.
Exports and manufacturing
The economy of Singkangia is heavily export-dependent, with exports accounting for more than two-thirds of gross domestic product (GDP). Singkangia exports over US$105 billion worth of goods and services annually. Singkangia is a very high-tech country, exporting and manufacturing Computers ($208B), Broadcasting Equipment ($157B), Telephones ($107B), Integrated Circuits ($61.5B) and Office Machine Parts ($46.9B) made in Singkangia. However, over the recent years, Singkangia has also been widely criticized for manufacturing large quantities of counterfeit goods. The Singkangian Government is currently making an effort to crack down on those companies, as investigations revealed that these companies are a perfect cover for smuggling operations in the region..
Singkangia traditionally has one of the lowest unemployment rates among developed countries. Although it has been recognised that foreign workers are crucial to the country's economy, the government is considering capping these workers, as foreign workers make up 80% of the construction industry and up to 50% of the service industry. To keep an effective tap on the issue of immigration and to also attract foreign talents at the same time, the Ministry of Manpower (MoM) issues employment pass under three categories viz: P1 Employment Pass for those individuals with monthly earning of $8,000 and up, P2 Employment Pass for individuals with monthly earning of $4,500–7,999 and Q1 Employment Pass individuals with at least a monthly earning of $3,000.
With many jobs available, it is not so difficult to get jobs in Singkangia compared to other countries. However, biasness and unfair treatment towards workers is common, and many loopholes are seen in the laws implemented by the Ministry of Manpower. The Singkangian Government is currently trying to implement effective laws, so far, without success.
Singkangia presents tourists with a variety of activities. Tourists in Singkangia can visit places with rich culture and heritage, with a variety of attractions and facilities. The Integrated Resorts (IRs) such as The Bayfront@Mariana are large scale developments with a mix of facilities for large-scale events with entertainment and performance venues, hotel, retail and gaming. The IRS helped position Singkangia as a major centre for entertainment and conventions by catering to both business and leisure tourists.
Tourism is to provide employment and businesses opportunities to many Singkareans, and a good incentive for Singkangia to improve infrastructure and boost its economy, through foreign exchange and generating tax revenue. However, Singkangia cannot pursue tourism to support its developemnt due to its limited resources.
Singkangia is a multi-racial society, thanks to migration of many settlers from other countries and races during the colonisation of both Ingerland and Karolia over 300 years. As of mid-2016, the population estimate was 11,809,000, out of which 72% were Singkareans, the remaining 18% were either foreigners or holds Singkangian Permanent Residentship (SPR). 90.3% of resident households (i.e. households headed by a Singkangian citizen or permanent resident) own the homes they live in, and the average household size is 3.43 persons (which include dependants who are neither citizens nor permanent residents). Most of them (about 86%) live in apartments. Also, 75.9% of resident households live in properties that are equal to, or larger than, a four-room (i.e. three bedrooms plus one living room) apartments or in private housing. Live-in foreign domestic workers are quite common in Singkangia, with about 224,500 foreign domestic workers there, as of December 2013.
The median age of Singkarean residents is 39.3, and the total fertility rate is estimated to be 0.80 children per woman in 2014, the lowest in the world and well below the 2.1 needed to replace the population. To overcome this problem, the Singkangian government has been encouraging foreigners to immigrate to Singkangia for the past few decades. However, conflicts sometime occur between immigrants and locals over competition of limited resources.
Even though Kanglapolish is the official language, Ingerish was commonly spoken, as Ingerish is the language of instruction in all public schools, and all subjects are taught and examined in Ingerish except for the "mother tongue" or 3rd language language paper. Also, public bodies in Singkangia, such as the Singkanrean's Public Service, (which includes the Singkarean Civil Service and other agencies), conduct their business in Ingerish, and official documents written in a non-Ingerish official language such as Babelic, Kanglapolish or Melayish typically have to be translated into Ingerish to be accepted for submission.
Singkareans are mostly Bilingual, or sometimes Multilingual as besides Ingerish lessons, mother tongue and 3rd language lessons are conducted in schoolsso as to preserve each individual's ethnic identity and values. Kanglapolish, however, has a symbolic rather than functional purpose. It is used in its motto, national anthem 'Ich Poskiyati, Ich Singkangia', citations of Singkarean orders and decorations, and in military commands. In general Kanglapolish was only spoken by Katayans, the majority of the population.
Singkangia's culture has shaped over history, from Karolian and Ingerish Colonisation, invasion by Nabibia, an influx of settlers from other nations even from as far as Khaiwoon and its decade of communism. Singkangia has a diversity of languages, religions, and cultures.. Former Prime Ministers of Singkangia have stated that Singkangia does not fit the traditional description of a nation, calling it a society-in-transition, pointing out the fact that Singkareans do not all speak the same language, share the same religion, or have the same customs. Each Singkarean's behaviours and attitudes are influenced by, among other things, his or her home language and his religion. Singkareans who speak Ingerish as their native language tend to lean toward Western culture, while those who speak Babelic as their native language tend to lean toward Babelican Culture. Melayish-speaking Singkareans tend to lean toward Melayian culture, which itself is closely linked to Isalamish culture. Racial and religious harmony is regarded by Singkareans as a crucial part of Singkangia's success, and played a part in building a Singkarean identity.
The diversity of food is touted as a reason to visit the country, and the variety of food representing different ethnicities is seen by the government as a symbol of its multiculturalism. In Singkangia, food is viewed as crucial to national identity and a unifying cultural thread. Singkarean literature declares eating a national pastime and food a national obsession. Food is a frequent topic of conversation among Singkareans. Religious dietary strictures do exist; Musalims (or Isalamishs) do not eat pork, and there is also a significant group of vegetarians. People from different communities often eat together, while being mindful of each other's culture and choosing food that is acceptable for all.
Other than Sinkarean cuisine, it is also common in Singkangia to find restaurants specialising in cuisine from a great variety of countries around the world, such as Karolian Food.
Most of Singkangian food can be eaten at markets informally known as pasar malams, meaning night markets in Melayish. Despite the name, such markets do not operate throughout the night, but from early evening till around 9 to 11pm. In these markets, they are very famous for their Steamboat lorries, which are lorries equipped with steamboat ingredients and the steamboat.
Singkangia music is quite unique due to fusion of Melayian and Babelic Music with other music from Uletha, including Karolia. For centuries in rural communities it was to a great extent an individual's skill at singing or playing an instrument or two that decided their social standing and suitability to govern or marry, as it was considered to be a measure of their ability to empathise and communicate with others. Music has been encouraged since young, and is traditionally used for storytelling, celebrating life-cycle events, and times like harvest. Singkangian Music is based around percussion instruments, the most important of which is the gendang (drum). There are at least 14 types of traditional drums used in Singkangian Music derived from Melayian Music. Drums and other traditional percussion instruments are often made from natural materials. Besides drums, other percussion instruments (some made of shells) include: the rebab (a bowed string instrument), the serunai (a double-reed oboe-like instrument), the seruling (flute), and trumpets. The music itself combines western polyphony with Babelic melodies and scales.
Pop music, however, lacks in popularity in Singkangia even after the ban on pop, jazz and rock imposed by the Communists had been lifted in 1992. Before then, it seemed to contribute to noise pollution, and therefore not encouraged.
Since the 1990s, the government has been promoting Singkangia as a centre for arts and culture, in particular the performing arts, and to transform the country into a cosmopolitan "gateway between the East and West".
Art and Architecture
The Communist Government have emphasised on building grand and glorious buildings, passing a law that they must stand tall and look new for at least 100 years. Today, grand buildings such as the old Parliament Building in Farahda and the Singkangian Underground Station's can be seen, still shining in its glory and beauty, and are important landarks in Singkangia.
Sports and recreation
Singkangia was famous for their unique hybrid sport- known locally as Dodge football. Other popular sports in Singkangia include association football, badminton, field hockey, bowls, tennis, squash, martial arts, horse riding, sailing, and skate boarding. Badminton matches in Singkangia also attracts thousands of spectators, and table tennis also is ranked one of the top in the world. Water sports are popular since it is near coastal areas, including sailing, kayaking and water skiing. Scuba diving is another popular recreational sport in Singkangia.
- "List of Countries Recognised by Assembly of Nations". AN. St Richards, Pretany. 2016. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
- Guide to Singkangia's Healthcare System
- Metrological Association of Singkangia
- Speech from Minister of Manpower, archived in 23 July 2015
- How we prospered- by a Singkarean Businenessman
- Why we need both SMEs and MNCs- by Zhuokon Yi 3rd Edition
- The Singkangian Times: Singkangia to crackdown on smugglers through Big Companies, archived 12 December 2014
- The Bayfront@Mariana Website-facilities offered in The Bayfront
- Speech by former Minister Chongtong Dou on 20 December 1978 at the Singkangian National University
- Speech by Hoi Seng Leng in Parliament 23 November 2005
While much effort has been down to track down the sources of information stated, we may have overlooked any. Please go to the discussion page to tell what references have been missed out.