|6, 29.426, 122.168|
|Kingdom of Wiwaxia|
|Largest city||Wiwaxmouthe (2.1 million)|
|• Regional languages||Ataraxish, Sundanic Djadjaric|
|Nationalities||Wiwaxian (91%), Padjadjaranian (5%), Ataraxian (2%) Pasundanian (1%), Other (1%)|
|• Prime Minister||Jane Strimp|
|• Monarch||Queen Cornelia II|
|• Upper house||Great House|
|• Lower house||Lesser House|
|• Estimate (2014)||16 million|
|Currency||Wiwaxian guinea (WXG)|
Located near the center of the Axian Peninsula, Wiwaxia is bounded on the north by the Sound of Pa and south by the Gulf of Axia, to the east by the Confederation of Pasundan-Padjadjaran and to the west by Ataraxia. At 290,782 square kilometers, Wiwaxia has over 2,700 kilometers of coastline and a temperate climate in the north and a sub-tropical climate in the south.
The west of the country is dominated by forests, punctuated by numerous small lakes and rivers, and is relatively unpopulated while a wide swathe of north-east Wiwaxia boasts rich farmland. The terrain is quite flat, with the exception of the gently rolling plains in the northeast county of Lossinia.
Wiwaxia contains many lakes of various sizes. In addition to numerous small lakes, the majority in the heavily forested west, to the southwest is Lake Pambdelurian, the country's largest lake with the city of Tilney dominating the western shore. Other major lakes include St. Lucilla, Marella and Merewell, grouped together in central Wiwaxia; and Great and Little Plenocaris Lakes in the southeast as well as nearby Lake Paliella, half of which is in Wiwaxia, the other half in Pasundan-Padjadjaran.
Major rivers include the River Wiwax, with the capitol of Wiwaxmouthe situated where the river runs into the Sound of Pa; the city of Pargiter is also on the River Wiwax. The river connects to the Marrella Lakes via a canal. The River Waptia in north-central Wiwaxia has also been an important transportation route for the town of Delvile and the major port of Murthwaite. Other rivers include the Fedomia in central-western Wiwax; the Opabinia, which feeds into the Wiwax; the Tamga in west-central Wiwaxia; and the Yorgia in the south.
The great western forests of Wiwaxia have long served as a buffer between the country and its neighbor Ataraxia. The coastlines are dominated by popular beaches as well as numerous headlands, particularly in the south.
The population of 16 million live primarily in cities and towns scattered across the country. Population density is 55/km2. The capitol city of Wiwaxmouthe is 1.2 million in the city and 2.09 million for the metro area. Four other cities – Lydgate, Tilney, Constance-Reid and Murthwaite have metro areas topping 1 million. The majority of the population is primarily of Ingerland origin, with some very slight mixing of the aboriginal Edicarian.
While excavations in building the Wiwaxmouthe subway have uncovered Paleolithic stone axes and fire remains, the earliest known settlements of significance were along the River Wiwax and by the shores of Pambdelurion Lake, where archeologists have uncovered the remains of villages dating from c. 270-510. What little recorded history of the early Wiwaxians comes from the newest of the sagas of Padjadjaran and describes the period c. 850-1250. Though the population was never very large, old Wiwaxia was distinct from Padjadjaran, and the thick forests to the west formed a natural barrier from Ataraxia. The origin of the Wiwaxian peoples and language remains obscure. In the first mention of them in the Little Saga of Salaka from c. 910, the Wiwaxians are referred to as the Edjicarjans – Edicarians (the name Wiwaxia, which derives from the Edicarian name for the River Wiwax, came about due to a misunderstanding on the part of colonizers from Ingerland). Inferred from the sagas are that the Edicarians were a loosely grouped set of tribes living in small settlements mostly close to water, led by “queens” in matrilineal succession. At its height, the Edicarian population probably peaked at 100,000.
Age of Discovery and Colonization
By the 1400s and the Great Age of Exploration, Pasundan and Padjadjaran were rich targets for colonization, with unsuccessful incursions occurring over the next two centuries by a number of northwestern Ulethan countries, principalities and duchies, including Ingerland, Skandmark, Kalm as well as Sathria and Roantra, even occasionally some of the various petty kingdoms of Pretany made forays. The Edicarians were not a target until after 1521, when three long ships from Skandmark were sunk off of Parahayangan and Padjadjaran was deemed an impossible target. The Kalmish were the first to wrest control of the Edicarians away from Padjadjaran, followed by Sathria, then Ingerland, then Kalm again. Finally, in 1637, Ingerland bought rights from Kalm and began colonization in earnest, with petty nobles as well as the cadet branches of major Ingerish nobles emigrating, lured by advantageous terms offered by the Ingerish crown over the next century and taking entire Ingerish villages with them. It was over this first century that colonists from Ingerland poured in, building the cities and most of the major towns that sprang up in strategic positions throughout the region. The colony, known as Wiwaxia, had an uneasy start with regular attacks from Padjadjaran as well as pirates from as far away as Latina, but over time won out in terms of sheer numbers. And the construction of a series of walls and fortresses along the border with Padjadjaran went a long way to securing the weakest border. While there was a certain amount of co-mixing at this time, in 1701 an Ingerish colonist arrived in the port of Lydgate with a case of Darmer Fever, which proved lethal to the native Edicarian population, which was essentially wiped out over the next fifty years.
The New Kingdom
In 1722, Wiwaxia broke completely from Ingerland; the noble families, emboldened by the recent success of silver mining in what is now County Lossinia, as well as the explosion in the global market for spices, declared Wiwaxia a Kingdom, with the powerful Countess of Penge as Queen Eglantine I. Ingerland, in the midst of a civil war, did not contest and within short order, much of the rest of the world recognized the new realm. The Ingerish Governer fled the Little Mother Palace in Wiwaxmouthe, and the new Queen Eglantine I was installed. Construction began immediately on the grand Excelsior Palace as the fledgling kingdom began to flex its muscles. The previous century spent fighting off outside attacks had unified Wiwaxia, and boundaries for the counties were established, with noble families in charge and serving on a royal council under the queen. Healthy trade and the discovery of rich farmland in the northeast and the establishment of plantations in south-central Wiwaxia provided a long period of stability in the first half-century of the kingdom. In 1773, the long peace was broken when Padjadjaran invaded from the sea. After a three-day siege, the city of Constance-Reid was sacked before Queen Margalin's great general, Marshallin Alba Lady Risley, could muster her forces to meet the Padjadjaranians. The Wiwax-Padjadjaran War lasted for two years, during which much of south-eastern Wiwaxia, from Percehouse to Dilke Cove, was under control of Padjadjaran. The war ended when the Wiwaxian army occupied Salaka for two weeks before a treaty was brokered between the two countries.
In 1852, following years of lobbying by the intelligentsia, including a faction of the nobility, a constitution was written. In 1857, the constitution was ratified and the Royal Council became instead an elected Parliament, thus beginning the modern era for Wiwaxia.
Wiwaxish is essentially a dialect of Ingerish, although differences in pronunciation often make the two mutually unintelligible. Wiwaxish retains a few words from the now-extinct Edicarian, which was part of the Old-Axish branch of the Pa Language Group, of which the only extant members are Pasundish and Padjadjaranish. Edicarian is most evident in place names for natural features such as rivers and lakes. The names of Wiwaxia's counties (with the exception of Cape County) were changed in the early 1900s to Edicarian names as part of the then popular nativist movement.
The country has had a constitutional monarchy since 1857, with a Parliament of two chambers, the Great House and the Lesser House. The current Prime Minister is Jane Strimp of the Green Party.
Wiwaxia is divided into 17 counties, each with a county seat serving as a regional administrative center for the central government. The parliament is made up of members elected from each county with representation based on the size of each county. The original county boundaries were redrawn in 1922 to normalize the borders, some of which had been long contested. It was during the normalization process that Opabinia was separated into two counties.
|County (in order of pop.)||County Seat||Population est (2014)|
|East Opabinia||Penge Town||387,000|
Primary exports are produce, grain and manufactured goods. Oranges, lemons, peaches,, olives and olive oil, walnuts, wheat, barley, soybeans and spices as well as processed fish are among the major mercantile exports. Primary manufactured exports include computers, bicycles, telephone infrastructure, appliances and paper. The country is also a center for high-tech development, with major hot-spots The Grand Promenade in Wiwaxmouthe and Isabella Square in Tilney. Wiwaxia has managed to maintain a strong economy due its well-educated populace and mix of exports. The central state bank, The Royal Bank of Wiwaxia, was founded in 1733 just three years after the Royal Stock Exchange and the Royal Mercantile Exchange were established in Wiwaxmouthe. The GDP was WXG 690 billion in 2014; per capita WXG 41,800.
Tourism is also an important source of GDP. Wiwaxmouthe, with its charming old town, beautiful palaces, parks and squares, is a popular destination for travelers from around the world. Tilneyport, with its network of canals lined with elegant townhouses is also a top spot, with close proximity to popular beaches like Tilney West as well as the much bigger city of Tilney a short train ride away. The ancient walled town of Valmouth, with its famed Institute of Art and formal gardens is another of the country’s top destinations. Other popular tourist spots are the Spice Market in Fanshawe and Lindgard Abbey (north of Smethurst in Fedomia County). Just as popular are Wiwaxia’s many beach communities and resorts – among the most popular are Cape Angkatell and Wargrave Beach in the north; Tressilian and the little town of Stillingfleet Point in Lossinia County; and the many small beach towns east of Wiwaxmouthe, from Stranleigh Beach all the way down to Derwent Bay and Dilke Cove.
Wiwaxia has a number of world-renowned colleges and universities. The oldest and most prestigious is Lasswade University in Pargiter, founded in 1650, with its Woolfian Library and famed Craddock Botanic Gardens and Arboretum. The College of Philosophy at Royal Wiwax University in Wiwaxmouthe is also among the top institutions of its kind in the world. Other important schools include the Wildhare Institute, the Royal Institute of Science and Technology, and the Conservatory of the Royal Music Society, all in Wiwaxmouthe; Herbert University and Paladin College in Constance-Reid; Casaubon College in Lydgate; Samphire College in Tilney; Pagett University in Pettigrew, among others. (See also List of Higher Education Institutions in Wiwaxia]
Wiwaxian cultural institutions are world-renowned, including museums, theaters and opera houses. Wiwaxia is known particularly for its unparalleled orchestras and opera companies, with classical music aficionados travelling from all over the world to listen to such institutions as the Wiwaxmouthe Philharmonic, the Excelsior Opera and the Orchestra of the Royal Music Society, all in Wiwaxmouthe; the Fanshawe Grand Opera; Wilkie Hall Orchestra in Murthwaite; Blanche Grand Opera in Willmore; and the summer music festival at Angkatell Castle outside Cape Angkatell. Other important institutions include the Golden Theater in Wiwaxmouthe; the Jubilee Theater in Verney; and the Theater in the Strand in Tilney.