The name of Mergania derives from the Romantian expression "mergari", which means "to trade". The ending "-nia" was established later on and stems from Ingerish. The name came up after Kalmish settlements have been established in East Uletha in the 14th century.
|History of Mergania|
Discoveries shows that ancient humans were present in Mergania at least 350 000 years ago. One of the oldest complete hunting weapon found anywhere in the world was discovered in northern Holswig. This is the settlement of most Reisjian Tribes.
Rise and fall of Reisja (802-1047)
The first king established the Reisja Kingdom, with the Royal King Lotharan Geyer ruling the Reisjian Kingdom. He established trade with many nations, being on a trade route from inland Northern Uletha to Orano and Commonia. He also planned cites and villages to be built for the population who were living in poor housing conditions. This, in turn, caused the citizens to pay higher taxes. Neumann Geyer then became the second king in 834 AD. The citizens pleaded the king to reduce the high taxes, but to no avail. Evil was on the rise under his rule, as he did not make much effort to keep law and order. He was not popular, and in most history books he was mentioned only very briefly.
In 865, King Neumann died, Wagner Neumann, his eldest son took over. He was very fearful that he will be murdered, so he built a wall around his palace, and employed a thousand spies to guard his palace. He even give orders to kill his brothers for some trumped up charges. The people thought he was crazy, and they barged into the palace. He was then pulled off his throne, but luckily he was not murdered.
In 1047, a revolution against the Reisjan Royal Court happened, and thus they were driven out of the country. King Wabia Schermann took over as the next King of the Wabish Kingdom.
Separation of Mergania (1434-1822)
Industralisation of Mergania and support to other countries
Mergania rapidly developed after it open its doors in 1834.
|Geography of Mergania|
|Population||27 250 000 (2013)|
|• Total||122 758 km2 |
0 sq mi
|• Water (%)||62.7%|
|Population density||0 km2 |
0 sq mi
|Major Islands||x, |
|Time zone||WUT+8:00 (EUT)|
Mergania is the southernmost of a number of countries that form the Scythe of Uletha in East Uletha, with Viljanni and Eshein bordering to the south, tbd, tbd and tbd to the east and Helvetiany, and the Madean Union to the north. It is also bordered by the Darcodian Sea and the Gulf of Volta. It lies mostly between latitudes 43.5° and 48.5° N and longitudes 129° and 133° E. Mergania has five oversea territories on three continents, each named after the largest town:
- Fiorentia in one in the East of UL012
- Johannastat in the North of Reeland
- Ludenitz in the East of Archanta
- Sant Michelle in the south of West Uletha
- Uthira Stadt in the East of Tarephia
|Time zones in Mergania (from west to east)|
|Uthira Stadt||Sant Michelle||Johannastat||Main land||Fiorentia||Ludenitz|
The Mergan main islands are all located in the time zone WUT+8:00. All exclaves are located more west or east, which lead to different time zones for WUT+2:00 in Uthira Stadt to WUT+11:00 in Ludenitz.
Exclusive economic zone
The exclusive economic zone of Mergania (Template:MER-coordinates) is the 200 nautical miles sea zone (measured from the coast line) prescribed by the 19?? AN Convention on the Law of the Sea over which each state has special rights regarding the exploration and use of marine resources, including energy production from water and wind.
The island is dominated by an oceanic climate with quite narrow temperature differences between seasons. Thus the temperature varies with the seasons seldom dropping below −10°C or rising above 30°C. The prevailing wind is from the east and bears frequent spells of mild and wet weather from the Asperic Ocean, although the western parts are mostly sheltered from this wind since the majority of the rain falls over the eastern regions the western parts are therefore the driest. Rainfall occurs year-round, with no consistent dry season. The winters often are mild, especially at the western coasts. Summers are warmest in the west of Mergania, being closest to the Darcodian Sea. Heavy snowfall are seldom in winter due to the lack of high ground.
|Mergania Weather Averages|
|Average maximum temperature
|Average minimum temperature
|Rainfall ≥ 1 mm
|Government of Mergania|
|Federal parliamentary republic|
|Head of state|
|• President||Joachim Selm|
|• President of the Confederate Chamber||Helena Gotauer|
|• Chancellor||Gabriel Dietauer|
|• Upper house||Confederate Chamber (Konföderiertenkammer)|
|• Lower house||Confederate Convention (Konföderiertenversammlung)|
Major political parties
- Green Alliance (Grünes Bündnis, GB)
- National Conservatives (National Konservative Partei, NKP)
- Social Union Merganiens (Soziale Union, SUM)
- Free Liberal Party (Freiheitlich Liberale Partei, FLP)
- Left Socialist Alliance (Links Sozialistisches Bündnis, LSB)
- Ministry of Building, Infrastructure and Energy
- Ministry of Defence
The Ministry of Defence is a confederate agency with main responsibility for the Confederate Defence and located in Freistat.
- Ministry of Economic Affairs
- Ministry Economic Cooperation and Development
- Ministry of Education and Research
- Ministry for the Environment and Nature Conservation
map coming soon...
- Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth
- Ministry of Finance
- Ministry of Food and Agriculture
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs
- Ministry of Health
- Ministry of the Interior
coming soon... Confederate Statistical Office Mergania
- Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection
- Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs
map coming soon...
The civil law system of Mergania is based on Ancient Ulethan law. The Mergan penal system seeks the protection of the public and the rehabilitation of the criminal. Mergania has a very low murder rate with 0.7 murders per 100000 in 2017.
Mergania has many diplomatic missions abroad and maintains relations with even more countries, for details see Foreign relations of Mergania.
|Administrative divisions of Mergania|
|First-level||8 Federal states|
1 Free city-state
5 External territories
|Second-level||f and f|
The Merganian Confederation comprises nine federal states (Brugham-Übersee, Frießen, Habsach, Holswig, Mähringen, Rüthingen, Schersen, Stefalen, Vocklenbrug) and five oversea territories (...). Each state has its own state constitution and is largely autonomous in regard to its internal organisation. Because of differences in size and population the subdivisions of these states vary.
State flag of Brugham-Übersee State flag of Frießen State flag of Habsach State flag of Holswig State flag of Mähringen State flag of Rüthingen State flag of Schersen State flag of Stefalen State flag of Vocklenbrug
Holswig is a state of Mergania located in the north-west, west of Schersen.
National safety and security
The flag of Mergania or Mergan flag (Mergan: Merganische Flagge) consists of the two national colors of Mergania (Mergan: Blau-Gold)
arranged in form of a spiral. Gold symoblizes the grain growing in the huge wheatfields while blue stands for the sea surrounding the Mergan islands. The spiral shape can also be interpreted as an allusion to waves of the sea. The flag's center shows three black stag antlers in diagonal direction, each on gold background. The stag antlers stem from the Mähringer Dynasty. Mergania's flag was first adopted as the national flag in 1832, but details have been modified several times until 1921, when the current flag was created.
|Economy of Mergania|
|GDP (PPP)||2020 estimate|
|• Total||$1524 billion|
|• Per capita||$55433|
|• Per capita||0|
|HDI (2020)|| 0.922|
|Principal exports||Technical equipment, vehicles, chemicals, x, x|
|Principal imports||Agricultural products, x, x, x|
Industries and sectors
Main export partners
| $422 billion (2022)|
Main import partners
| $401 billion (2022)|
- See also: Economy of Mergania
Mergania has a social market economy with a highly skilled labour force, a large capital stock, a low level of corruption and a comperatively high level of innovation. It is one of the world's largest exporter and importer of goods and has a large national economy. Therefore Mergania is a leading nation in the EUEC. The unemployment rate is low and Mergania has one of the highest labour productivity levels in the world. Especially the modern industry of Mergania is regarded as one of the most competitive and innovative. An overview of companies in Mergania is provided by the Ministry of Economic Affairs.
Some of the world's largest and well known companies are headquartered in Mergania. 16 Mergan-based companies are included in the MHB, the Mergan stock market index. Mergania is recognised for its large portion of specialised small and medium enterprises, which are very flexible and innovative. Many of these companies are global market leaders in their segment and are labelled hidden champions. Chaussee near Freistat developed a thriving, cosmopolitan hub for startup companies and became a leading location for venture capital funded firms in the EUEC.
See also: List of companies in Mergania
Some of the world's largest stock-market-listed companies are headquartered in Mergania. 16 Mergania-based companies such as LeunaOil, Pliar, Template:MER-company and SAF are included in the MERGHAB16, the most important Mergan stock market index.
Mergania is also recognised for its large portion of specialised small and medium enterprises. Around 850 of these companies are global market leaders in their segment and are labelled hidden champions. Examples for those relatively small but highly successful companies are Template:MER-company and Template:MER-company. Freistat developed a thriving, cosmopolitan hub for startup companies and became a leading location for venture capital funded firms in East Uletha.
Thaler (₸) is the official currency of Mergania. One Thaler is divided into 1000 Millar.
|Infrastructure of Mergania|
|• Passing side||Right|
|• Electrification||25000 V, 50 Hz|
|Mains electricity||230 V, 50 Hz|
- See also: Infrastructure in Mergania
The volume of traffic in Mergania, especially goods transportation, is at a very high level.
Mergania has a dense network of roads which is extensively used.
The Staatsautobahn (Ingerish: Confederate Motorway) is the Mergan confederate highway system. Where no local speed limit is posted, the advisory limit is 120 km/h. Only federally built controlled-access highways meeting certain construction standards including at least two lanes per direction are called Staatsautobahn. They have their own, green-coloured signs and numbers smaller than 20 in the numbering system. All Staatsautobahnen are named by using the capital letter "A" (for the first category), followed by a blank and a number (for example "A 1"). The main Autobahnen have single digit numbers, shorter sections have numbers between 11 and 19. The Staatsautobahnen are considered the safest category of Mergan roads: in 2007, while carrying 22% of all motorized road traffic, they only accounted for 7% of Mergania's traffic fatalities. Mergan Staatsautobahnen are toll-free for light vehicles. A blanket mandatory toll on trucks and buses was introduced in the 1980s.
- Norderhaven - Freistat - Leutringen - Werschin - Suidbrug - Gausbrug - tbd - Mergan border - Eshein (I-1)
- Brugham - Freistat - Bütingen - Maizen - Frisdewalg - Wasepalk
- Freistat - Wiesbrungach - Liek - Dornerstedt - Büleck
- Brugham - Norderhaven - Liek
- tbd - Werschin - tbd - Wasepalk
- tbd - Mergan border - Viljanni
- Gausbrug - Mergan border - Viljanni
- Suidbrug - tbd
The national roads in Mergania are called Staatsstraße (Ingerish: Confederate Highway). Their numbers are between 21 and 99 and are usually well known to local road users, as they appear (written in black digits on a yellow rectangle with black border) on direction traffic signs and in street maps. Staatsstraßen are often referred to as "B" (for the second category) followed by its number, for example "B21". While the first digit stands for the region, more important routes have a lower second digit.
Other main public roads are maintained by the States, called Landesstraße (Ingerish: Country Highway). The numbers of these roads are prefixed with "C" (for the third category), but are usually not seen on direction signs or written in maps. They appear on the kilometre posts on the roadside. Numbers are larger than 110, where the first digit stands for the state.
Minor roads and streets are built and maintained by the municipalities. These roads have the number prefix "D" (for the fourth street category).
- important airports have HMM* code, all others use HM** code
|Flugfeld Sant Michelle||STM||KSTM||10/28|
|Internationaler Großflughafen Freistat||FRI||HMMF|
|Aerotheon Flugfeld Lillenthal||LIL||HMLI||6/24||~||~||~||~|
Shipping and inland water transport
Mergania's major port is the Port of Brugham.
Utilities and disposal
See also: User:Mstr/Sandbox/Mergania#Energy
Water supply and sanitation
Telecommunication and computing
Mergania has its own top-level domain .mer.
|Demographics of Mergania|
|Recognized minority languages||Eshen|
|Life expectancy|| 78 (male)|
With a population of 28.8 million (2020), Mergania is a densely populated country in East Uletha. Due to its situation on islands the population density is with 398 inhabitants per square kilometre (tbd per square mile) quite high. The fertility rate of 2.10 children born per woman (2019 estimates) is almost equal to the replacement rate. The average age is 43.2 years.
After the Federal States, Mergania is one of the most popular immigration destinations in the world. The majority of migrants live in Merganias cities.
Mergania has a number of large cities, most of them located close to the coast. There are tbd officially recognised metropolitan regions. The country's largest city is Freistat, which is also the largest urban area.
Christicism is the largest religion in Mergania, claiming 64.3% Reformatic and 13.4% Ortholic traditions. All other religions accounted for 22.3%. Geographically, Reformatism is spread all over the country, whereas Ortholicism is concentrated in the south, especially in Habsach.
Main churches in Mergania are:
A unique features of Christicism in Mergania is the fairly advanced reconciliation of both parts of the chirch, so called Oicumenism. One of the main steps was the foundation of the Monestary of Tetzel in the southwest of Vocklenbrug, which is notable for being composed of more than one hundred brothers from Reformatic and Ortholic traditions. The community emphasizes the reconciliation of all denominations. This movement is internationally known, attracting over 70 000 young pilgrims annually.
Mergan is the only official and predominant spoken language in Mergania. Typically, Mergan citizens are multilingual, 74% claim to be able to communicate in at least one foreign language, usually Ingerish . Further native minority languages in Mergania are Eshen, tbd, as well as tbd. The most used immigrant languages are Ispelian, tbd, and Kårska.
|Estimated number of speakers||60 million|
|Regulating body||(regulating body)|
Norms of linguistic structure
Mergan (Mergan: Merganisch, in Kalm sometimes called Ostkalmisch) is the East Ulethan variety of Kalmish, mainly written and spoken in and around Mergania. It is official language in Älved and Helvetiania, but also spoken by minorities in many countries in East Uletha like Reeland and Eshein.
This is a short overview how Kalmish came to East Uletha:
- at the beginning of the 12th century merchants of the Sellern dynasty used the Great Pretanic Trade Route to reach the east
- they brought the Kalmish language and culture to the east of the Ulethan continent and spread it to several regions
- several large migration waves in the 12th and 13th century brought a large amount of emigrants to the east, many of them settled around the Kaspen Sea and Darcodian Sea and strengthen Kalmish influence and culture there
- while the sparely populated islands in the east of the Darcodian Sea provided good prospects for the settlers, Kalmish immigrants in many other regions have been expulsed, they moved further eastwards and finally arrived at the Mergan islands as well
- during the centuries, culture and language developed differently in the East (Mergan) and West (Kalmish), however not independently and only with slight differences due to strong trade relations
- the spread of the written Kalmish language in the 17th and 18th century led to a gradually adjustment of the spoken Mergan language, so Mergan became again (and nowadays Standard Mergan is) similar to Modern Kalmish
Typical Mergan words (contrary to Kalmish):
- Brug - Festung
- Belt - Meerenge
- Suid - Süd
- Veste - Festung
There are many Mergan dialects predominantly spoken in the different regions of Mergania. Well known is Plaat, which is a Mergan dialect spoken in northeast Mergania and in the coastal regions of Helvetiania. Even for native Mergan speakers it is hard to understand Plaat and some other Mergan dialects.
Responsibility for educational supervision in Mergania is primarily organised within the individual confederate states, which follow the rules made by the Ministry of Education and Research. Kindergarten education is provided for all children between three and six years old, after which school attendance is compulsory for at least nine years. Primary education lasts for five years. Secondary education includes three traditional types of schools focused on different academic levels: the Oberschule enrols the most gifted children and prepares students for university studies; the Mittelschule for intermediate students lasts five years and the Gemeinschule prepares pupils for vocational education.
The standard system of apprenticeship called dual education does not lead to an academic degree. Instead, it allows students in vocational training to learn in a company as well as in a state-run vocational school. This model is highly regarded and reproduced all around the world.
All Mergan universities are public institutions, and students have traditionally studied without fee payment. The general requirement for university is the Cog, a qualification normally based on continuous assessment during the last few years at school and final examinations, there are no exceptions. Academic education is open to international students and is increasingly common. In the academic ranking especially the Technical University of Bronn has a prominent position.
|School in Mergania|
The [[Mergania#?|Technical University of Bronn (TUB) is the largest education institution in Mergania and one of the most prestigious research institutions worldwide. Further institutions are the Tecscleron University in Freistat, O'Hanna University in Johannastat, Technical University Gausbrug, Amadeus University Gausbrug, University Werschin, University Wiesbrungach, Brugham School of Trade and Business, Mergodin University|Mergodin School of Economics and Engineering, Fridericiana University|Fridericiana University Fiorentia, Holswig University Büleck, Northern University in Thoga and the University Suidbrug.
Mergania's system of hospices, called spitals, dates from medieval times, and today, Mergania has one of the world's oldest universal health care system, dating from the 1920s. Since then, reforms and provisions have ensured a balanced health care system. Currently the population is covered by a health insurance plan without any need for a private health insurance contract.
Culture in Mergania has been mainly influenced by philosophers (Desidereus, Briegel, Eschenbacher), writers (tbd, tbd, tbd) and scientists (tbd, tbd, tbd). The country is well known foir its seafaring traditions.
Mergan classical music includes works by some of the world's most well-known composers like Leonhard Buck, Karl Strass and Johann Sing. Others like tbd, tbd and tbd are important composers of the 20th and early 21st centuries.
In the past 50 years, Mergan music includes the movements of pop, heavy metal/rock, punk, pop rock, indie, folk music, and hip hop. Mergan DJs and artists of the techno and house music scene gained global influence, with tbd pioneering in this genre. With the Five Guys (Fünf Kerle), Mergan a capella music have become well known in the whole world.
Film and television
The Mergan public, state-owned broadcaster Mergan Vision] provides radio and television broadcasts in 25 languages across the globe. Its purpose is to inform people in all countries mainly about news and politics in Mergania. Mergan Vision's work is regulated by the Mergan Broadcast Act to ensure that content is independent of government influence.
Almost 8 million people in Mergania are registered in one of the 55000 sports clubs in the country. About two-thirds of the population between 14 and 70 participate in sports weekly. Field hockey is the most popular team sport in Mergania for men and women, closely followed by football. Also handball and volleyball are popular team sports. Cycling, tennis, gymnastics and golf are the most widely engaged in individual sports. In addition, Mergania is one of the leading motor sports countries in the world. Constructors like tbd and tbd are prominent manufacturers in motor sport.
Organisation of sports began at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. Federations for sports were established, rules were unified and sports clubs came into existence. A Mergan National Geolympic Committee was established in 1918. Historically, Mergan athletes have also been successful contenders in the Geolympiad.
Football is the second most popular sport in Mergania, with many registered players and most clubs among all sports in Mergania.
- Motorsport ... Ostring
- "Temperatures in Mergania 2011". Statistisches Amt der Konföderation. Freistat, 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
- "Religionsausübung in Merganien". Statistisches Amt der Konföderation. Freistat, 2013. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
- Glockenbacher, H; "Kirchen und ihre Arbeit in Merganien". Journal of International Religions 33(1), 122-135, 2013.
- Wegerhoff, K.B.; Steiner, S; Maier, P; "Tetzel und seine Geschichte". Zeitschrift für Glaubensfragen 13(2),34-55, 2001.
- "Languages in Mergania". Statistisches Amt der Konföderation. Freistat, 2018. Retrieved 3 January 2019.