Colonial occupation, the Three Colonies
Independent Adaria, 18th and 19th Century
20th Century: Growing Tensions and the Secession War of Catelia
In the early 20th century, with the surge of nationalism, Catelian politics shift towards nationalistic parties and some start to wonder about the status of Catelia inside of Adaria, being a very well developed region of the country, yet away from the capital, where finantial activity is concentrated. Political agendas start to switch to reclaim at first "a true federation" where Chal would have the same importance as Nichiuri (disregarding Catania altogether), and that started to raise tensions between the three states. While politics in Nankoku and Catania centered more on a better-united Adaria, focusing on the importance of the union for the stability of the country and even wanting a more centralist state to try to balance the Catelian efforts, Catelian politicians start to grow tired, specially from Nankoku and Nichiuri's policies, and start asking for an independence referendum, which the constitution did not grant the right to do and the Federal government refused to do.
In this shift towars independence, a new political party surged. A part from the traditional nationalist parties, the Catelia Independentist Party (left-wing) and the Catelianist party (right-wing), Alfonso Fernández founded in 1926 the Partido Socialista Nacional de Catelia (Socialist National Party of Catelia, PSNC). The PSNC started recruiting far-right members of the Catelianist party, and started to pressure against the ruling nationalists parties at first, and then started campaining for a military uprising in Catelia, and promised for an independent and military-supported Catelia if they got a majority in the Catelian party. Despite major concerns from the federal government, the PSNC managed to get a majority in the 1940 state elections, and with the popular support, Fernández unilaterally declared independence on October 7th, and as Adarian troops tred to rush towards Chal to arrest Fernández, the rebel troops from the Catelian sections of the Adarian Army and the voluntary guerrillas made up of PSNC supporters started to fight against the police, and later the troops that tried to enter Chal or any point of the Catelian Territory.
Secession War of Catelia
On 8:00am, October 8th, 1940, Fernández, as president of the self-proclaimed Catelian Social Republic declared war against the Adarian Federation and set up the Martial law and insted all men over the age of 20 to join the Catelian Army and defend the independence of the country.
This war declaration, though, wasn't only against the Adarian Army, but against any Non-Catelian citizen in Catelia, specially Nankokins. Paramilitary groups supported by the PSNC started raiding and shooting Nankokian citizens in neighborhoods with a signifficant Nankokian population, specially in Chal and Moépolis. Many other Oranian minorities were affected as well. Any signs in Adarian or Niwanese language were removed from the streets, unionist leaders in Catelia were arrested and executed, and thousands of Nankokian citizens were killed in the frontlines while they were trying to flee from the repression they were put against by the Fernández regime.
The Adarian terrain offers a diverse range of geographical features. Through the center of the country, diagonally from northwest to southeast lies the main mountain range, the Adarian Mountains, which recieve the name of "the Northains" (Las Nordañas in Castellanese, Les Nordanyes in Catanese) in its northern half. North of the Adarian Mountains lies an extensive river valley, the Río Rojo valley, which spans most of the northeastern half of the country, bounded on the other side by the Catelian Mountains ("Montes de Catelia" in Castellanese), which run parallel to the eastern coast of the country. Between the Catelian Mountains and the White Sea lies the Leeward Desert.
Southwest of the Adarian Mountains the country can be divided in three main parts. In the north lies a highland called La Meseta, above 1500 meters over sea level. South of La Meseta lies the Serra de les Preses, which is divided in two by the course of the Adar River. South of that, there's the Adar River valley, which is bounded in the west by the Western Mountains (Muntanyes de Ponent in Catanese), and the Central Massif (Massís Central in Catanese) in the east. Finally, Bounded by the Central Massif and the Adarian Mountains there's the Yolis River Valley.
Adaria is divided into three states, which have a big degree of autonomy, being by themselves sovereingn subjects, but always represented by the Federal Government of Adaria outside of the federeal boundaries. They have their own sets of laws, called "Statutes" (Estatuts in Catanese, Estatutos in Castellanese, エスタト in Niwanese and Adarian), which have to comply inside the Adarian Federal Constitution. They have their own State government, their own State parlament and their own State judicial system, which are at the same level than their Federal counterparts, the latter being used when an affair involving multiple states happens.
The three states of Adaria are Canalia, Nankoku and Catelia.
|Flag||Name||Capital||Area (km2)||Population||Density||Local language||Map Link|
|Flag of Canalia||Canalia||Suttineta||116 968||5 000 000||42.7||Catanese||map|
|Flag of Catelia||Catelia||Chal||114 932||20 000 000||174.0||Castellanese||map|
|Flag of Nankoku||Nankoku||Nichiuri||43 234||10 000 000||231.3||Niwanese||map|
The Capital of Adaria, Nichiuri, is located administratively in the state of Nankoku, and holds all the Federal institutions in the country. Inside the facilities, however, neither Nankoku nor any other state has sovereignty. Also, the other two states have institutions inside Nichiuri, giving the cultural diversity of the city.
Provinces and Prefectures
The main subdivisions of every state are Provinces (in Catelia and Canalia) and Prefectures (in Nankoku).
The biggest city in Adaria is its capital, Nichiuri. The second and third bigges cities are the other state capitals, Suttineta and Chal. Other major cities include Tineta and Rodon in Nankoku, Nortineta and Moépolis in Catelia and Poblenord, Nordanya and Nova Nichiuri in Canalia.
Politics and Government
Adaria is a Federal Presidentialist Republic under a Unicameral Parliamentary system. The three main powers of the country are represented by the House of the Federal Presidency (Exectutive), the Federal Parliament (Legislative), and the Supreme Court (Judicial). The president is elected in a two-round election system every five years, and can run for re-election up to a three-term presidency. This includes also alternate terms. The president and its government represent Adaria and its states in foreign affairs, and have competencies on home affairs affecting two or the three states.
The parliament is elected entirely every four years, and has equal representation from each of the three states: 75 seats each, adding up to 225 members. They have the power to approve country-wide laws, also being the power responsible for the maintenance of the Adarian Constitution. After federal laws get passed on the parliament, they have to get approved by the states' governments and parliaments, making federal law-making power completely dependant on the states approval, so the federal government cannot threaten the sovereignty of the states by making federal law restricting its competencies.
International Affairs of Adaria
It is also a member of the Commonwealth of Castilophone Countries, representing the State of Catelia in all matters.
As a country in central Archanta, it is a member of the Central Archantan Economic Union
Adaria has a mixed economy, based mainly in mining, agriculture and services.
Companies of Adaria
Adair - Airline
Chacafé - Coffee and coffee shops
Joya Touwa - Jewelery
"es Banc" - Banking
Constitutionally, Adarian (アダリアご) is the only official language at the national level. However, Adarian is a vehicular language for communication between states, and is very rarely taught as a native tongue. The three most common languages in the country are the state languages. Castellanese, spoken in Catelia, Catanese, spoken in Canalia, and Niwanese, spoken in Nankoku. Every state has their own local language as the main language, being used widely inside of it, relegating Adarian into a second language used specially outside of their own state. Despite of that, 95% of the population in the country can understand, read, write and speak the language. Only 10% of the population use Adarian at home, specially in big cities, in households where there are mixed language couples.
[Introduce sandbox Adarian stuff here]
Healthcare is public in Adaria, being managed mainly by the State governments, which collect taxes to cover all costs of healthcare, except, at least, 10% of the price of drugs.
Transportation and Infrastructure
Festivals and Holidays
Football is the most popular sport in Adaria.