Guai (oudated Ingerish spelling Gwigh) derives from pre-Taukan root Guo (/gwo/), possibly meaning "fertile plain", and -ai suffix denoting a region or a country, hence, "Land/Region of the fertile plain". Historically speaking, Guai was only the central plain located mostly astride Urán and Astel Cantons. Guai has no official name. Consequently, it is referred just as Guai for all official purposes.
|History of Guai|
|Prehistory||15000 BC - 1500 BC|
|• Kailan Stone Age||4000 BC - 3000 BC|
|• Kaitan Cultures||3000 BC - 1500 BC|
|Classical to Early Modern Taukan||2000 BC - 1649 AD|
|• Arrival of Taukan Tribes||2000 BC - 500 BC|
|• Silver Age||500 BCE - 200 AD|
|• First Golden Age||200 - 1502|
|• Ulethan colonies & Sabishiian Kingdom||1502 - 1652|
|Early Modern to Modern Age||1652 onwards|
|• Old Republic & Second Golden Age||1652 - 1791|
|• First Constitution||1791|
|• Sabishiian War||1831 - 1833|
|• New Republic||1848|
|Geography of Guai|
|• Total||29,056 km2 |
11,219 sq mi
|• Water (%)||2%|
|Population density||205 km2 |
527 sq mi
|Time zone||WUT +0:30|
|Government of Guai|
|Unitary Parliamentary Directorial Republic|
|Head of state|
|• Council of State||Fiordja Pemel (President)|
Hag Uarai (Vice-President)
|Judiciary||High Court of Justice|
Major political parties
Tè Ald Moixe
Tè Ald Áulera
Tè Ald Palaóuni
Tè Ald Bandori
Guai í Dja
Tè Koalició Radikál
Politics in Guai operates under a framework laid out in the Constitution of Guai. First written in 1848, it made official the system which had been Guai's for over 350 years: a unitary directorial republic. The Constitution was amended many times such as in 1862 to enact universal male suffrage, in 1912 to extend this right to women or 1926 when The National Council's term was changed from four to five years. There are three main governing bodies on the national level: the unicameral National Council (legislative), the Council of State (executive) and the High Court of Guai (judicial).
The Rūn Palaóuni (Guaiian Tè Rūn Palaóuni, pronounced /tə ɾu:n pala’ɔwni/ lit. The People's Council), also known as The National Council in Ingerish, is the unicameral national parliament (legislature) of Guai.
The 179 members serve five-year terms, with elections held every five years, or earlier in the relatively rare case that the National Council dissolves itself. All candidates must be at least eighteen year old, there is no term limit. The elections use the mixed-term mixed-member proportional representation, half of the Members of the National Council are elected directly in the 90 constituencies of Guai, the other half are elected from the parties national lists in such a way as to achieve proportional representation for the total National Council, although a party has to win one electoral seat or 5 percent of the total party vote before it is eligible for these seats.
The National Council holds its sessions in the Council House (Guaiian: Tè Tic Rūn, pronounced /tə tiʃ ɾu:n/), located on the top of Kerma Hill in Pirindi. The Council House was built from 1912 to 1920 in a early Art Déco architecture style. Topped by a 90-metre bell tower, the building is the tallest Pirindi. Until 1921, the Council met in the old town in a former patrician townhouse adapted in the early 19th Century to fit its new role. It is now a museum.
The Rūn Mati (Guaiian Tè Rūn Mati, pronounced /tə ɾu:n 'mati/ lit. The State Council), also known as The Council of State in Ingerish, is the fifteen-member executive council which constitutes the national government of Guai and serves as the collective executive head of government and state of Guai.
It is appointed by The National Council for 5 years, after every new general elections. Legally speaking, the National Council can vote a motion of no confidence in one Councillor or the Council of State collectively. While the entire council is responsible for leading the National administration of Guai, each Councillor heads one of the fifteen national executive departments. The central administration is housed in two twin buildings located on Kerma Hill: The East and West National Administration Buildings.
Guai is a centralised republic. The institutional and territorial organization is chiefly governed by Territorial Reform Act of 1961. This law provides a two-level system with Rov or Canton, and Poro or District (lit. circle). These entities have existed since the late 18th Century with different rights and objectives. Before 1961, Districts were further subdivided into Municipalities or Inda that ceased to exist as political subdivisions on 1 January 1965. Yet, Municipalities as still used for statistics or some local purposes.
Law and judicial system
Law in Guai is mainly of legislative origin. From the late 19th century, these provisions have undergone a comprehensive process of codification. Death penalty was legally abolished in 1908 and the last execution occurred in 1870.
The judicial system of Guai is divided between courts with regular civil and criminal jurisdiction and administrative courts with jurisdiction over litigation between individuals and the public administration. Appeals can be made to one of the five Courts of Appeal, the High Court of Guai being the final court of appeal in the Guaiian justice system.
Companies in Guai
List of companies in Guai
This is a list of notable companies with primary headquarter located in Guai.
|AIMS||Financials||Financial services||Vai||Poro Vai||1972||Private||Yes|
|Azure Air||Consumer services||Travel & tourism||Jom||Urán||1992||Airlines||Defunct||Yes|
|Bank Guai||Financials||Banks||Pirindi||Poro Pirindi||1791||Central Bank||Public||Yes|
|Borem||Consumer services||Broadline retailers||Vai||Poro Vai||1902||Department store chain||Private||Yes|
|Clearflow||Financials||Financial services||Vai||Poro Vai||1970||Private||Yes|
|Elek Guai||Utilities||Electrical distributor||Pirindi||Poro Pirindi||1952||State power generation||Public||Yes|
|FlyMe||Consumer services||Travel & tourism||Jom||Urán||1998||Airlines||Private||Yes|
|Guai Airways||Consumer services||Travel & tourism||Jom||Urán||1934||Airlines||Private||Yes|
|Hesperic Bank Guai||Financials||Banks||Vai||Poro Vai||1912||Private||No|
|Hidjin||Industrials||Building materials & fixtures||Keroli||Iap||1904||Building materials||Private||Yes|
|Inat Djagi Ítama||Financials||Banks||Kūra||Ítama||1856||Saving bank||Private||Yes|
|Kopàg||Consumer services||Food retailers & wholesalers||Taike||Táriao||1954||Retail food, supermarkets||Private||Yes|
|KoPaSa||Consumer services||Travel & tourism||Pirindi||Poro Pirindi||1941||Passenger Rail||Public||Yes|
|Kredit Fenu||Financials||Banks||Vai||Poro Vai||1898||Private||Yes|
|Lamba||Industrials||Business support services||Pirindi||Poro Pirindi||1968||Engineering consulting||Private||Yes|
|Meisa Gol||Consumer goods||Clothing & accessories||Pirindi||Poro Pirindi||1975||Clothing retailer||Private||Yes|
|Merp & Jones||Industrials||Business support services||Vai||Poro Vai||1974||Auditors||Private||Yes|
|Nonkond+||Industrials||Oil refining, filling stations||Vai||Poro Vai||1992||Yes|
|OVERSPORT||Consumer goods||Clothing & accessories||Iápuiam||Poro Vai||1978||Clothing and sportswear||Private||Yes|
|SÍLENIS PHARMACEUTICS||Health Care||Pharmaceuticals||Vai||Poro Vai||1994||Pharmaceutical company||Private||Yes|
|TÁNGOKÏO||Consumer services||Travel & tourism||Jom||Urán||1972||Airlines||Private||Yes|
|Tola||Industrials||Transportation services||Nikin||Poro Pirindi||1982||Airport operator||Public||Yes|
|Vai Tūri Vai||Industrials||Transportation services||Vai||Poro Vai||1864||Seaport operator||Public||Yes|
|Watanabe Air Lease||Industrials||Transportation services||Jom||Urán||1987||Aircraft leaser||Private||No|
|Wnorkw||Consumer goods||Food products||Taikarí||Karnaki||1913||Private||Yes|
Aspra Industries (SA), is an Guaiian defence company and weapons manufacturer. It manufactures firearms, ammunition and military technology. Its small arms are very popular throughout the world.
Founded in Koiri in the late 18th century by brothers Emen and Soroi Klaj as a trip hammer factory. Aspra was named after the mythological shield that threw projectiles back at the attacker. A stylized shield still stands as the company's logo.
|Infrastructure of Guai|
|• Passing side||left|
|• Electrification||25kV 50Hz AC|
|Mains electricity||240V 50Hz|
Since the 1970s, Guai has been operating a nuclear power plant on the shore of the Pórinkon Bay in Táriao Canton. Its 4 nuclear reactors produce about 35%
Traffic keeps to the left side of the road.
The railway network of Guai is operated by the national Railway Company KoPaSa (Guaiian: Tè Korporació Palaóuni tā Snet Arla, lit. National Corporation of Iron Links). KoPaSa provides both long-distance and local train services. Virtually, all lines are electrified using 25 kV 50 Hz AC overhead line and conform to the standard gauge. All trains drive on the left.
Guai's main civil airport in Vai International Airport located near Erfán, Urán Canton. Another minor international airport, Northern Guai International Airport, is located near Ēkw and serves the northern part of the country.
The de facto official language of Guai is Guaiian (Guaiian: Guaii or Bahma Guai).
Guai has got a universal healthcare system since the 1926 Health Law that grouped several healthcare provisions that had existed since the 1870s.
Guai is usually viewed as a very socially progressive society. Married women can vote since 1912 whereas unmarried female proprietaries could vote since the 1840s. Traditionally, few legal restrictions applied to women but those have been repelled, step-by-step, in the course of the 20th century. Same-sex sexual activity has never been criminalised and LGBT rights are quite extensive: same-sex couples have been legally able to marry and adopt since 1998. Registered Partnership Law of 1988 apply to both heterosexual and homosexual couples. Vai houses a vibrant LGBT community whereas its northern neighbourhood Djima is famous for its annual Pride Parade in early December. Social equality is quite central in Guaiian culture. The country has always been a republic or a set of semi-independent republics and privileges and rights of the upper bourgeoisie vanished in the mid and late 18th century.
Until at least the first half of the 20th century, dominant belief in Guai was called Ohoism, an amalgamation of religio-philosophical traditions that has a significant impact on shaping Guaiian culture. Since then it has steadily declined and today Guai has one of the least religious populations in the world.