Difference between revisions of "Norrick"

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Following the amendments to the constitution, the Executive Authority was henceforth known as "The Prime Minister, with the King holding a ceremonial role, representing the history and culture of Norrick".
 
Following the amendments to the constitution, the Executive Authority was henceforth known as "The Prime Minister, with the King holding a ceremonial role, representing the history and culture of Norrick".
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===Judicial Authority===
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The Judicial Authority is one of the three branches of power in Norrick. The responsibilities of the Judicial Authority is to "judge within the law and judge the law".
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The Judicial Authority is divided into several levels. The lowest level in the judicial authority is the Municipal court, which is the court in every municipality. If there is a lack of judge(s) in a municipality, two municipality may share a court for the time being. This is both a criminal and civil court of law, and where most law cases begin.
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The second level in the Regional court, which is the court in every region (amt). If any case is appealed from the Municipal court, law cases go here. Some law cases may however start here or in any higher court of law depending on the significance of the case.
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The third level is the State court, which comprises of two courts, one in the North and the South. The fourth level is the Supreme court, which is located in Kongsby and is the final court in the court of law.
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There is however a fifth level, reserved for political issues, the Court of the Realm, which judges impeachment proceedings and any possible conflict in regards to laws with the constitution. Technically, it is the same as the Supreme Court, and comprises of members of the Supreme Court, but serves a different name.
  
 
==Economy==
 
==Economy==

Revision as of 00:37, 25 December 2021

Kingdom of Norrick
Kongeriget Nordrige
Official flag of NorrickOfficial coat of arms of Norrick
FlagCoat of arms
Motto:
"Gud, Konge og Fædreland!"
God, King and Fatherland!
Anthem:
Folkets Rige
Capital
and largest city
Kongsby
Official languagesNorric
Ethnic Groups
(2017 Census)
Ethnic Norric (88.2%)
Others (11.8%)
DemonymNorric, Norric people
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
 • KingChristian IX
 • Prime MinisterJohannes Rasmussen (L)
LegislatureRigsdagen
 • Upper houseLandstinget
 • Lower houseStatstinget
Area
 • Total21732.22 km² km2
8390.86 sq mi sq mi
Population
 • Census (2016)4,981,292
 • Density229.2 per km2/km2
593.7 per sq mi/sq mi
GDP (PPP)
 • Total$298.5 billion
 • Per capita$59924.2
HDI (2015)Increase 0.902
very high
CurrencyNorric daler (NDL)
Drives on theright

Norrick (Norric: Nordrige, pronounced [noɐʀiː(jə)]), officially the Kingdom of Norrick, is a country in West Uletha. Norrick is a country, consisting of a mainland, together with an archipelago of several islands, which are mainly rock, made from ancient volcanic eruptions, and two mountain chains, a central mountain ridge, and a mountain ridge at its southern border. Norrick lies north of Vilvetia and west of Ruoguovvas. The Kingdom of Norrick is constitutionally a unitary state, comprising of several regions (amter). Constitutionally, Norrick is a unitary state, however, many of the regions act somewhat federally, each with their own priorities.

The Unified Kingdom of Norrick came to be in the late 12th century, when several smaller kingdoms united under a confederation under the rule of King Carl I. The area, which is today defined as Southern Norrick, was once a seperate entity, the Duchy of Surrick (Fyrstedømmet Søndrig), under a personal union with Norrick proper, however both nations unified in 1701, with the Treaty of Kongsby being signed, following a two-year war between the two states. In 1821, there was a civil war fought between the monarchy and the farmers in Norrick. There was no real winner of the war, and casualties were high. The two sides entered a ceasefire, however it was not long before the war would once again be initiated. This resulted in a fire in Kongsby in 1823, in which the King, King Gustav III, and the Burghers and Farmers, agreed to initiate peace, with the condition of an establishment of a Constitution. A constitution was subsequently established, which resulted in an elected Statsting, and an appointed Landsting, consisted of members appointed by the King. Constitutional amendments were subsequently established, notably in 1907, when women were given suffrage, in 1924, when the Rigsdag would decide on the next Prime Minister, contrary to the opinion of the King, in 1943, when the Prime Minister would be responsible for signing bills, and ultimately in 1959, when the powers of the Landsting were largely reduced, and appointees appointed exclusively by the Prime Minister.

As a developed country, Norric people largely enjoy high standards of living, including a strong welfare state, free access to healthcare, education and other services, and many rights bestowed to them via the Constitution, including freedom of Assembly, Speech and Religion.

Etymology

Old document using the words "Nevrice" and "Norrich". d'historian af nevrice ædler norrich, sam d'techninc af irre var, var særr brek. Translation: The history of "nevrice" or "norrich" (meaning Norrick), which was the term of them (the Norric people), was very wide.

The word "Norrick" is an English word derived from the Danish word Nordrige, which means "North Realm". The earliest written evidence of the word "Nordrige" dates back to a 12th century stone table, with the words NOVRIC written upon it. The word "Nordrige" has also gradually evolved, starting with the first documented usage "NOVRIC", evolving into a bookform, 15th century document, with the words "NEVRICE" and "NORRICH" written on it, and further developing into a 17th century document with the word "NORRIG".

History

Geography

Administrative divisions

Politics

Monarch

Norrick is a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, in which the monarch, being King Christian IX, has his powers limited by the constitution. Following several constitutional amendments, the role of the monarch is purely ceremonial, except in cases where the prime minister-nominee presents his or her cabinet.

Before 1943, the King would be in charge of signing bills. The King did sign most bills, even by people from opposing parties or bills which were disliked by the King, however there have been instances, where the King would favor a specific party highly, and therefore refuse to sign a bill, deeming it void. In 1943, a Constitutional amendment allocated those powers exclusively for the Prime Minister, and any veto could be overriden via a resolution agreed upon via a 3/5 majority in the Statsting.

Before 1959, the King would, together with the Prime Minister, be responsible for appointing members of the Landsting, the upper chamber, however following a constitutional amendment in 1959, the Landsting was to be exclusively appointed by the Prime Minister and the Cabinet. The Statsting could however delay or scrap the nomination process, in which another candidate must be chosen.

Legislature

As the Constitution of Norrick provides for 3 seperate branches of power, the Legislature of Norrick is bicameral, meaning that it has two chambers. The lower chamber is the Statsting, the Upper Chamber is the Landsting. The powers of the chambers vary, but the main legislative powers reside in the Statsting, the Lower Chamber. Historically speaking, the Upper Chamber has had more power, even as much as the Lower Chamber, however the powers of the Landsting had been significantly reduced in 1959. The Landsting currently serves a mostly ceremonial role, but is involved in impeachment proceedings against a minister.

Members of the Landsting serve 8 to 12 year terms, in which after that they are ineligible to continue as members (per the 1959 Constitutional amendment). Their terms can end before 12 years and at least 8 years if a general election has been declared by the PM. Therefore, some members serve 8 years, others 12, and others in between.

Members of the Statsting generally serve 4 year terms, with no limits, and are elected via a mixed-member proportional vote by the people. 150 MPs of the Statsting are elected via their local constituencies, and 51 are elected via adjustment seats. Adjustment seats can be allocated if a party reaches more than a 2,5% threshold, and this threshold is generally what is needed in order to enter the Statsting. Adjustment seats ensure that the amount of people in a party in the Statsting reflect the national vote, so for example if a party gets 20% of the vote, it should get around 20% of the seats in Parliament. The terms of the members of Statsting can be shortened if the Prime Minister declares a general election before 4 years.


List of Norric party logos. "Løsgængernes Landsforening" The Independents' National Unionis a union of independent politicians.
Government
  The Liberals (De Liberale): 46 seats
  The Right (Højre): 30 seats
  The Progressives (Progressive): 12 seats
Supporting parties
  National Conservatives (Nationalkonservative): 13 seats
Neutral
  The Moderates (De Moderate): 16 seats
  Independent : 4 seats
Opposition
  Social Union (Socialunionen): 13 seats
  Solidarity Party (Solidarisk Parti): 14 seats
  Labor Party (Arbejderpartiet): 49 seats
  New Left (Nye Venstre): 4 seats

Parties in the Legislatures

Arbejderpartiet (Labor Party)

The Labor Party of Norrick is the leading opposition party, and is a social democratic party. The party was founded in 1889 as a "peaceful" alternative to revolutionary socialism, however, over the years, the party has emphasized more in regards to private property, hence a social democratic party. Its leader is Rikke Thorsen, the former Prime Minister (2020-2021).

De Liberale (The Liberals)

The Liberals of Norrick is a fiscally liberal party, and is the leading government party. The party was founded in 1871, the oldest currently existing party, and was initially an agrarian party, emphasizing on agricultural rights, however today, it's mostly liberal. Its members range from being socially liberal to conservative. Its leader is Johannes Rasmussen, the current Prime Minister.

Højre (The Right)

The Right is a socially conservative and fiscally liberal party. The party is a government party. The party was founded in 1874, the second-oldest currently existing party, and has historically been highly favored by the King of Norrick. The Right is leaning nationalist, and is highly in favor of the Monarchy. The leader of the Right is Simon Poulsen.

Solidarisk Parti (Solidarity Party)

The Solidarity Party of Norrick is a democratic socialist green party. The party was founded in 1979 as an alternative to the Labor Party, exclaiming that the Labor Party "was turning too Liberal". The party focuses on green politics and higher taxes. Its leader is Pernille Jørgensen.

Nationalkonservative (National Conservatives)

The National Conservatives is a right-wing, anti-immigration party. The party was founded in 1991. The party is socially conservative and is critical of immigration. Furthermore, the party wishes increased deportation for immigrants and is nationalist. Its leader is Kirsten Olsen.

Socialunionen (Social Union)

The Social Union is officially a socialist party in Norrick. It was founded in 2004, as a union between several social democratic and communist parties. The party is economically social democratic, and social liberal. Its leader is Bella Anker.

Det Moderate Folkeparti (The Moderate People's Party)

The Moderate People's Party is officially a centrist party. It was founded in 1923, as a breakaway from the Liberals, in a series of disputes. The party is economically liberal and socially liberal. The Moderates are neutral. The current leader of the party is Georg Jensen.

Det Progressive Parti (The Progressive Party)

The Progressive Party is a fiscally liberal, leaning-libertarian, party. It is a government party. It was founded in 2004, after disagreements with the Moderates. The party emphasizes on minimal government intervention in business and markets, and advocates for lower taxes. The current leader of the party is Anders Heinz.

Nye Venstre (New Left)

The New Left is a green party, which was founded in 2012 as a breakway party from the Social Union. It doesn't focus much on economic policy, and rather has high focus on climate policy. The current leader of the party is Leo Sørensen.

Executive Authority

Prime Minister

The Prime Minister is the head of government of the King of Norrick. The Prime Minister leads the cabinet, and appoints cabinet members. The Prime Minister also signs bills (Norric: Lovforslag), but can also opt to veto bills, however the Prime Minister cannot veto resolutions (Norric: Beslutningsforslag). The veto can however be overturned via a 3/5 majority in the Statsting. The Prime Minister alone appoints members of the Landsting, but such apppointments can be annuled by the Statsting.

The Constitution of Norrick has called the Executive Authority the "King, with the Prime Minister being the advisor to the King", however in practice, until the constitutional amendments in the 40s and 50s, the Prime Minister has always had some degree of executive power.

Following the amendments to the constitution, the Executive Authority was henceforth known as "The Prime Minister, with the King holding a ceremonial role, representing the history and culture of Norrick".

Judicial Authority

The Judicial Authority is one of the three branches of power in Norrick. The responsibilities of the Judicial Authority is to "judge within the law and judge the law".

The Judicial Authority is divided into several levels. The lowest level in the judicial authority is the Municipal court, which is the court in every municipality. If there is a lack of judge(s) in a municipality, two municipality may share a court for the time being. This is both a criminal and civil court of law, and where most law cases begin.

The second level in the Regional court, which is the court in every region (amt). If any case is appealed from the Municipal court, law cases go here. Some law cases may however start here or in any higher court of law depending on the significance of the case.

The third level is the State court, which comprises of two courts, one in the North and the South. The fourth level is the Supreme court, which is located in Kongsby and is the final court in the court of law.

There is however a fifth level, reserved for political issues, the Court of the Realm, which judges impeachment proceedings and any possible conflict in regards to laws with the constitution. Technically, it is the same as the Supreme Court, and comprises of members of the Supreme Court, but serves a different name.

Economy

Historical analysis of the GDP of Kongsby, the capital city of Norrick. Red pillars indicate left-leaning governments, blue pillars indicate right-leaning governments.

The Norric economy is a developed free-market economy, which is classified as a high-income economy. It has one of the highest GDPs per capita in the world. It is also a very free economy with limited government intervention in the private sector.

Historical analysis of the GDP of Norrick.

It has a very high rate of tertiary degree diploma holders and many workers' rights. Limited state intervention in the workplaces across Norrick combined with relatively strong labor unions have contributed a large part to workers' rights across Norrick.

Norrick has very low unemployment at around 1.3% and a limited working class population.

Taxation in Norrick

Taxation in Norrick has not always been stable. Under liberal conservative governments, taxation rates have been lower than under social democratic governments (often following a 35-40-45 scheme). Under the government of Rikke Thorsen of the Labor Party (2020-2021), taxation rates have been increased for the top income bracket from 51% to 56%.

The current government has plans to introduce a flat tax rate of 33% for all income groups.

Norrick has a VAT-rate of 25% on all products.

Demographics

Culture

See also