Tempeira, officially the Democracia Federalista Tempeirana (Ingerish - Tempeiran Federalist Democracy), is a constitutional democratic federalist republic in Central Tarephia. Its capital Mar de Agosto and largest city is Tiléia.
|Tempeiran Federalist Democracy|
"Nós somos Tempeira, Tempeira é Diversidade"
We are Tempeira, Tempeira is Diversity
A Canção dos Pássaros Sagrados
|Capital||Mar de Agosto (8.1 million)|
|Largest city||Tiléia (10.1 million)|
|Official languages||Tempeiran Florescentian, Tempeiran Sign Language|
|• National languages||Guarinán|
|• Regional languages||Caleuchean|
|• President||Yolandá Marka|
|• Vice President||Pedro Atalaia|
|Legislature||Tempeiran Bicameral Legislature|
|• Upper house||Chamber of Senators|
|• Lower house||Chamber of Deputies|
|• Estimate (2020)||82,009,349|
|• Census (2017)||81,630,000|
|Currency||Acol, symbol A¨|
|Drives on the||right|
Firstly named Ká by the Caleuche and Caguimbói by the Guanán People, being an important region for regional culture since olden times. In the 14th Century, Florescentian Explorers landed in what is nowdays Mar de Agosto, naming the land "Nossa Terra Sagrada de Nova Florescentia" (Ingerish - Our Sacred Land of New Florescentia). During the first centuries of colonization, that region was called by multiple names, however, the first recorded use of the word to define the nation comes from aorund 1678. In what was at the time called Maer do A'gosto (Current Mar de Agosto), republicans wanting independence used the word to name the union of all colonies under one nation.
(Maer do A'gosto was named like that after the strong spice trade of the region (since A'Gosto is a term that defines the amount seasoning for the food is up to the cooker, at his or her taste).) During the Union Revolts of 1620, common folks threw tons of spices into the Bay of Lagrendia (current Bay of Gods), screaming "Tempeira ô Maer" (coloquial to "Season the sea"), the memory of this revolt stuck around until the Republican Rebirth on 1760, where the Republican Conglomerate decided to use Tempeira as the word to define the new nation to be born.
Between the 1400's and current days, Tempeira changed names, here is the list of names for the country over the centuries:
- Ká - Caleuchean Kingdom
- Caguimbói - Guarinán Kingdom
- Nossa Terra Sagrada de Nova Florescenta - Florescentan Kingdom
- Neue Erlösung - New Kalmish Confederation
- Terrossa - United Colonies
- Afluentes - Florescentan Kingdom
- Maer Flor - Epucaleuche Republic
- Tempeira - Tempeira
Archeological research from the National University of Coricó shows that the first humans inhabited the region around 15,000 to 12,000 years ago, with most of the population concentrating the west and the coast. Around 13,000 years ago, the Sitians developed farming techniques, with its primary farming products being Cassava and Potatoes, concentrating on the Sitian River Valley. During this time, rudimentary pottery and permanent settlements came into existence, the Early Sitian Culture was rudimentary, with no written language or use of stonework for constructions. They were the first to use irrigation canals for better usage of the land in the region.
5500 years ago, the Late Sitian Culture came to be, mainly located on the area of the meeting of the Che and Sitian Rivers, using their navigabilty to reach the Sitian Delta. Their culture developed stonework, using it to build Cratón, their Sacred City, they also used pottery to write documents and fables. During the Guá Drought, 3000 years ago, the last remnants of the Late Sitians dissapeared uncluding their language. Not much is know about their decline, but it is believed that the expansion of the Olden Guarinán Culture might relate to the occurance.
Guarinán and Sitian Cultures
Both the Guarinán and Sitians worshiped pantheons, however, the Sitians were Matriarchs while the Guarináns were not. The Sitian main god was Reqena, the Goddess of Water, while the Guarinán worshiped the goddess Ceuci, protector of the farmlands and homes. However, there is a shift during the clash of the two cultures, during the Sitian Golden Age, Guarináns took over the lower river banks of the Sitian river and started shifting their pantheon, changing their main god to Tupã, the God of Thunder. This shift appears to be induced by the meeting of the Sitians and Guarináns, seeing how there are records of Ceuci and Reqena being joined, this suggests the Guarinán cahnged their main god to avoid joining the Sitian Culture.
There were, in the Late Golden Period, clashes between the two, mainly on the supposed capital of the Sitian, the Battle of Cratón (1200 B.C) destroys their capital and Sacred City, and divides the Sitians between the Upper Sitians and the Che Sitians. The Che quickly dissapear with their town being abandoned, while the Upper Sitians last a few hundred years after, however, both cultures seem to have dissapeared, with the huge drought that hit the region, its believe a huge famine happened, maybe causing the last few groups of Sitians to be absorved by other cultures.
During the Valley Gap Period, caused by the Guá Drought around 3000 years ago, farming subsided and nomadic lifestyles came back to the region, this also marked the end of the Olden Guarinán Culture. The power vaccum created would allow for the Caleuche to move from the high mountains in the interior of the continent, to the coast.
Around 100 B.C. the Guarinán City States flourish, locating themselves mainly on the Ceuci River Basin, their cities would be divided up into the High Town (permanent) and the Port (non-permanent). The city-states would use travel by boat to communicate with themselves, so rarely would they hold huge pieces of land, however they were extensive, with up to 400 cities existing at some point. During this time, the city of Ceuci rose to promenance, because of its location, and formed the Godly League 9 B.C., annexing cities on its surroundings, plans were made to better tame the jungle with canals and new cities, during this time cities conquered by Ceuci would this have a level of autonomy, with only military decisions being given fully to Ceuci. In the year 95, a military attack planned by Tupã, crippled the league's ability to strategize, in a bold move, the now bigger city of Ceuci declared itself the capital of the new Ceuci Kingdom in 123. In 170, King Caíque Quaraí ordered to conquer the last of the independent city-states, including the neighbouring Eagle League, a small conjuction of city-states that ought to remain independent, however, the thick jungles made it difficult to quickly end the threath to the new state. The last city-state was conquered by King Ivair Son of the Sun in 345, the city of Mwaná was destroyed during the battle marking the end of the city-state period.
In 360 Coricól was founded by Priest Antiman, and became the prime city of the Caleuche people. During the next century, the theocracy would expand through the northern tempeiran coast, however, civil wars and famines would end the theocracy around 501, when the Pristedom was murdered by the army of Antinanco the Sailor, who declared himself king of the Cal kingdom and the ruler of the Caleuche people. Antinanco ruled with an iron fist, killing hundreds of priest who had previously alligned with the theocracy, however, the population would later hang King Antinanco for killing a beloved priest. In 530, his nephew, Antiman, would assume the throne and bring balance to the spiritual world, as per recorded in the Book of Rulers, found in Sanguicól.
In 540 the Ceuci Kingdom became a theocracy, after King Aratiri "the Wise" announced that he had a son with goddess Jurará-Açu, and now the gods would reign, shortly after his son, Quaraí, became of age, King Aratiri abdicated. During the reign of the Quaraí Dinasty, Ceuci expanded, using the rivers as "spiritual guides" to find new places to conquer, landing on the abandoned Cratón, the Guaranán founded, on a hill next to the Paranumbu Lake, the Fortress-City of Acol, in 562.
Caleuche Empire and Ceuci-Quaraí
Around 510, the Caleuche, becoming rich from trade, established the Caleuche Empire, on the hopes that a bigger army would help to fight pirates that would raid the islands. Hoping of expanding their territory, Queen Above All, Millaray, started and expedition across the Carotaba Mountains, to reach the Sitian Valley. In 516, the expedition founded the city of Ól (current Paranumbu), trying to establish superiority on the region, this would not end well. Rising tensions culminated on multiple river battles, including the infamous Battle of Water Fire, in which new technologies were used to burn enemy boats by using the river's current. At the end a peace deal was made, dividing up the land, and making both Ól and Acol cities in control of both states.
The Colonial Wars
New Kalmish Confederation and United Colonies
The New Kalmish Confederation (in Kalmish, Neukalmischer Bund)