Tempeira, officially the Democracia Federalista Tempeirana (Ingerish - Tempeiran Federalist Democracy), is a constitutional democratic federalist republic in Central Tarephia. Its capital Mar de Agosto and largest city is Tiléia. It borders Barzona, Valaga, TA101, Tarephia Equatorial, Vodeo, Dania, TA109c and Margüela.
|Tempeiran Federalist Democracy|
"Nós somos Tempeira, Tempeira é Diversidade"
We are Tempeira, Tempeira is Diversity
A Canção dos Pássaros Sagrados
|Capital||Mar de Agosto (8.1 million)|
|Largest city||Tiléia (10.1 million)|
|Official languages||Tempeiran Florescentian, Tempeiran Sign Language|
|• National languages||Guarinán|
|• Regional languages||Caleuchean|
|• President||Yolandá Marka|
|• Vice President||Pedro Atalaia|
|Legislature||Tempeiran Bicameral Legislature|
|• Upper house||Chamber of Senators|
|• Lower house||Chamber of Deputies|
|• Estimate (2020)||82,009,349|
|• Census (2017)||81,630,000|
|Currency||Acol, symbol A¨|
|Drives on the||right|
Firstly named Ká by the Caleuche and Caguimbói by the Guanán People, being an important region for regional culture since olden times. In the 14th Century, Florescentian Explorers landed in what is nowdays Mar de Agosto, naming the land "Nossa Terra Sagrada de Nova Florescentia" (Ingerish - Our Sacred Land of New Florescentia). During the first centuries of colonization, that region was called by multiple names, however, the first recorded use of the word to define the nation comes from aorund 1678. In what was at the time called Maer do A'gosto (Current Mar de Agosto), republicans wanting independence used the word to name the union of all colonies under one nation.
(Maer do A'gosto was named like that after the strong spice trade of the region (since A'Gosto is a term that defines the amount seasoning for the food is up to the cooker, at his or her taste).) During the Union Revolts of 1620, common folks threw tons of spices into the Bay of Lagrendia (current Bay of Gods), screaming "Tempeira ô Maer" (coloquial to "Season the sea"), the memory of this revolt stuck around until the Republican Rebirth on 1760, where the Republican Conglomerate decided to use Tempeira as the word to define the new nation to be born.
Between the 1400's and current days, Tempeira changed names, here is the list of names for the country over the centuries:
- Ká - Caleuchean Kingdom
- Caguimbói - Guarinán Kingdom
- Nossa Terra Sagrada de Nova Florescenta - Florescentan Kingdom
- Neue Erlösung - New Kalmish Confederation
- Terrossa - United Colonies
- Afluentes - Florescentan Kingdom
- Maer Flor - Epucaleuche Republic
- Tempeira - Tempeira
Archeological research from the National University of Coricó shows that the first humans inhabited the region around 15,000 to 12,000 years ago, with most of the population concentrating the west and the coast. Around 13,000 years ago, the Sitians developed farming techniques, with its primary farming products being Cassava and Potatoes, concentrating on the Sitian River Valley. During this time, rudimentary pottery and permanent settlements came into existence, the Early Sitian Culture was rudimentary, with no written language or use of stonework for constructions. They were the first to use irrigation canals for better usage of the land in the region.
5500 years ago, the Late Sitian Culture came to be, mainly located on the area of the meeting of the Che and Sitian Rivers, using their navigabilty to reach the Sitian Delta. Their culture developed stonework, using it to build Cratón, their Sacred City, they also used pottery to write documents and fables. During the Guá Drought, 3000 years ago, the last remnants of the Late Sitians dissapeared uncluding their language. Not much is know about their decline, but it is believed that the expansion of the Olden Guarinán Culture might relate to the occurance.
Guarinán and Sitian Cultures
Both the Guarinán and Sitians worshiped pantheons, however, the Sitians were Matriarchs while the Guarináns were not. The Sitian main god was Reqena, the Goddess of Water, while the Guarinán worshiped the goddess Ceuci, protector of the farmlands and homes. However, there is a shift during the clash of the two cultures, during the Sitian Golden Age, Guarináns took over the lower river banks of the Sitian river and started shifting their pantheon, changing their main god to Tupã, the God of Thunder. This shift appears to be induced by the meeting of the Sitians and Guarináns, seeing how there are records of Ceuci and Reqena being joined, this suggests the Guarinán cahnged their main god to avoid joining the Sitian Culture.
There were, in the Late Golden Period, clashes between the two, mainly on the supposed capital of the Sitian, the Battle of Cratón (1200 B.C) destroys their capital and Sacred City, and divides the Sitians between the Upper Sitians and the Che Sitians. The Che quickly dissapear with their town being abandoned, while the Upper Sitians last a few hundred years after, however, both cultures seem to have dissapeared, with the huge drought that hit the region, its believe a huge famine happened, maybe causing the last few groups of Sitians to be absorved by other cultures.
During the Valley Gap Period, caused by the Guá Drought around 3000 years ago, farming subsided and nomadic lifestyles came back to the region, this also marked the end of the Olden Guarinán Culture. The power vaccum created would allow for the Caleuche to move from the high mountains in the interior of the continent, to the coast.
Around 100 B.C. the Guarinán City States flourish, locating themselves mainly on the Ceuci River Basin, their cities would be divided up into the High Town (permanent) and the Port (non-permanent). The city-states would use travel by boat to communicate with themselves, so rarely would they hold huge pieces of land, however they were extensive, with up to 400 cities existing at some point. During this time, the city of Ceuci rose to promenance, because of its location, and formed the Godly League 9 B.C., annexing cities on its surroundings, plans were made to better tame the jungle with canals and new cities, during this time cities conquered by Ceuci would this have a level of autonomy, with only military decisions being given fully to Ceuci. In the year 95, a military attack planned by Tupã, crippled the league's ability to strategize, in a bold move, the now bigger city of Ceuci declared itself the capital of the new Ceuci Kingdom in 123. In 170, King Caíque Quaraí ordered to conquer the last of the independent city-states, including the neighbouring Eagle League, a small conjuction of city-states that ought to remain independent, however, the thick jungles made it difficult to quickly end the threath to the new state. The last city-state was conquered by King Ivair Son of the Sun in 345, the city of Mwaná was destroyed during the battle marking the end of the city-state period.
In 360 Coricól was founded by Priest Antiman, and became the prime city of the Caleuche people. During the next century, the theocracy would expand through the northern tempeiran coast, however, civil wars and famines would end the theocracy around 501, when the Pristedom was murdered by the army of Antinanco the Sailor, who declared himself king of the Cal kingdom and the ruler of the Caleuche people. Antinanco ruled with an iron fist, killing hundreds of priest who had previously alligned with the theocracy, however, the population would later hang King Antinanco for killing a beloved priest. In 530, his nephew, Antiman, would assume the throne and bring balance to the spiritual world, as per recorded in the Book of Rulers, found in Sanguicól.
In 540 the Ceuci Kingdom became a theocracy, after King Aratiri "The Wise" announced that he had a son with goddess Jurará-Açu, and now the gods would reign, shortly after his son, Quaraí, became of age, King Aratiri abdicated. During the reign of the Quaraí Dinasty, Ceuci expanded, using the rivers as "spiritual guides" to find new places to conquer, landing on the abandoned Cratón, the Guaranán founded, on a hill next to the Paranumbu Lake, the Fortress-City of Acol, in 562.
Caleuche Empire and Ceuci-Quaraí
Around 610, the Caleuche, becoming rich from trade, established the Caleuche Empire, on the hopes that a bigger army would help to fight pirates that would raid the islands. Hoping of expanding their territory, Queen Above All, Millaray, started and expedition across the Carotaba Mountains, to reach the Sitian Valley. In 516, the expedition founded the city of Ól (current Paranumbu), trying to establish superiority on the region, this would not end well. Rising tensions culminated on multiple river battles, including the infamous Battle of Water Fire, in which new technologies were used to burn enemy boats by using the river's current. However, the extensive battles were making travel through the region hard, with the loss of so many battle ships, the Caleuche Empire proposed a peace treaty that would divide the lands in the Sitian Valley and create a region aroun Acol that would be dual ruled by the a high priest of each region.
The Treaty of Acol was agreed upon in 720
Caleuche starts to implement ideas of elections by the citizens in 900, however election were rare and called by the Emperor
The Caleuche Royal Senate is established in 1023
Ceuci-Quaraí establishes the Golden Senate of Ceuci in 1140
Ceuci-Quaraí builds Itapalé in 1196
Ceuci-Quaraí establishes voting rights for the aristocracy around 1300
Rivagiens arrives around 1240 in Caleuche territory, Tantantan receives the new visitors with suspictions and the appointed king, Mache III, offers the colonizers a small piece of land east of the city, becoming the Colony of Tropical Waters, however, this was the only outpost Rivagiens had on the Empire's border, and through is existence it was the only place were Caleuche and Franquese traded, since in 1260, Emperor Nichatón decreted that the franquese colonizers should have limits of how much presence they could hold inside of the empire. The outpost, in its growing years, was mostly abandoned after Rivagiens cessed to exist. Tropical Waters population that was left joined the Caleuche population in Tantantan.
The Franquese influence on the tempeiran coast was small, with a few outpost that were constantly attacked by the Caleuche Pirates, a groups of Caleuche settlers that inhabited outside of the empire's borders.
Florescenta, wanting to expand its territory, aimed to carve out small pieces of land through out the tarephian region. In 1350, Florescenta lands on Estreito, founding the Nossa Terra Sagrada de Nova Florescenta (Ingerish - Our Sacred Land of New Florescenta) on the backwater regions of south Tempeira).
Florescentan colonizers go up the coast.
Florescenta founds Vila Maria Antunes in 1400, its destroyed in 1410 by Caleuche Pirates, Florescenta invades the Pirate Islands and subjugates them for the time being. Maer de A'gosto is founded in 1422.
Caleuche now borders New Florescenta.
Caleuche loses Tantantan in a battle against the Franquese minority and Florescentians in 1502
The Colonial Wars
Caleuche declares war to Florescenta in 1505, the fortress city of Machacol is destroyed. In 1530 the war ends with Caleuche being forced to open its coastal continent lands for colonizing and trading. Colonizing is slow.
New Kalmish Confederation and United Colonies
The New Kalmish Confederation (in Kalmish, Neukalmischer Bund), was formed by florescentian order to push for colonization of caleuceh lands. In 1609, the first group of Kalmish settlers come.
In 1612 the first Plevian settlers come to the southern reaches of the old Caleuche empire.
In 1660 the kalmish and plevian colonies both join in a loose confederation to declare independence from New Florescenta, on the orders of Kalm and Plevia. The Kalmish form a confederation of city-states, while the Plevians form a small oligarchy called Terrossa, with the capital being Trantano.
In 1695 both are defeated, since both Florescenta and Caleuche fought them. Most settlers flee south.
In 1709 a cholera outbreak in the Ceuci-Quaraí weakens their borders, now under threat by florescentian mercenaries. A weakened Caleuche from the war against Terrossa and the Bund proposes a unification of both nations, using the old neutral grounds as the new ground for a capital. Aristocracy pushes for larger voting rights for citizens, to better separate them from colonizers.
Tiléia is founded in 1720 and the Epucaleuche Republic is formed. With two elected kings and one huge senate being elected into power every 10 years.
This Republic would continue to exist officialy until 1770, when it was annexed by New Florescenta as a double protactorate.
The now Epucaleuche Republic brings on dreams of a republic being formed. In 1789 Salvador Quaraí, a politician pro-republic is killed in a public square by florescentian guards.
The murder causes revolts across all colony cities. In 1791 port workes throw spices into the sea in Maer de A'gosto. In 1792 the revolts are surpressed
Slave Revolts and Cajueiro
The population held slave revolts in 1791, multiple communities start killing their masters and running towards the country side. In 1796 troops are sent to eliminate the "threath", now freed man run towards the Vodeo border, a region not controlled at the time by Florescenta. Cajueiro is founded in 1799.
Exiled Nobles and the New Monarchy
A group of nobles is exiled in 1795 from florescenta, they land on now colony of Afluentes in 1796. This group, backed by monarquists establishes a new monarchy that would rival against the indigenous ones.
In 1800 Florescenta decides to unify every colony in the colony of afluentes. The smaller governments are gone and Maer becomes the capital of the colony.
A Nation starts to be born
In 1809 republicans use this unification to declare independence, on the city of Tiléia. Indigenous forces join, together with Cajueiros. In 1811 they win the Battle of Novo Cratón.
Independence and Federalism
Florescenta fails to defend its colony, and in 1819, Tempeira becomes independent. The many culturally diverse regions forced the new goverment to allow for more independence for states to be formed. The Tempeiran Federalist Democracy annexes Cajueiros the same year it gets independence.
The final form of Tempeira is made in 1860, when the state of Escudos is separated from Quaraí.
The Militarism Fail
In 1934 the military believes that the economic downfall of tempeira is to be blamed for the rights given to the population, who has becomed to spoiled. The high council decided to overthrow the government. In 1937 they invade Mar Agosto, however, the lower ranks of the military revolt and take control over the coup, stopping it.
The Social Wave
The failed coup pushes the population more to the left. The first socialist president is elected during this time.