|10, -38.6038, 10.3060|
|Republic of Jardinia|
República de Jardinia
"Y en medio de la mar se alzó un jardín" (Castellanese)
"And in the middle of the sea, a garden arose"
"Himno de las Islas" (Castellanese)
Anthem of the Islands
|• National languages||Obenai, Lunderic|
|Government||Unitary dominant-party parliamentary republic|
|Legislature||Cortes de las Islas|
|• Upper house||Social Assembly|
|• Lower house||Chamber of Legislators|
|• Total||750 km2|
290 sq mi
|• Estimate (2019)||ca. 416,000|
|HDI (2018)|| 0.679|
|Currency||Jardinian Peso (JRP)|
|Drives on the||right|
Jardinia (/dʒɑːrdɪniə/; Castellanese: /xɑrdɪniɑ/), officially the Republic of Jardinia (Castellanese: República de Jardinia), is an island country in the eastern Hesperic Ocean, about 30 kilometres off the coast of Oxhano, in northwestern Antarephia. It comprises 11 islands and other minor islets, divided into 6 regions called partidos.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Administrative divisions
- 5 Education
- 6 Media
- 7 References
- 8 See also
- 9 External links
The name Jardinia was given to the archipelago by the Castellanese colonizers in the early 16th Century. It derives from the word jardín, which means "garden" in Castellanese, because of the dense forests and biodiversity that covered the islands.
The earliest archaeological remains found in what is now Jardinia is Las Rodantas Archaeological Site, in Gramín Island, which has been dated back to 10,000 BC aproximately. Most historians agree that either heat waves or wars between tribes in the Antarephian continent led to gradual migrations to the islands. Many prehistoric tribes established in the archipelago between 8000 BC and 2000 BC.
Around 1000 BC, Taukan tribes from now-day Guai arrived at Matano Island and quickly took control of most of the Jardinian islands. They introduced writing and a new political organization. This is considered the first civilization to establish in the Jardinian Archipelago, whose economy was based on agriculture, mining and sea trading.
During the 1st century BC, several internal wars led to the rise of the Borong Civilization, which only had control over the Jardinian islands. The Borong Era was a time of isolation and setback, with many reported genocides and famines.
Castellanese conquest and early colonization
In 1508, the Castellanese land in Western Matano and quickly take control over the whole island and the majority of Zódar Island. The colonizers founded San Juan Bautista (Albún) and San Cristóbal del Monte de Onís (Mondeonís), and named the archipelago as Jardín de la Mar Nueva. During the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries, the Castellanese used Jardinia as a point of connection between Tarephia and the colonies in Guai, Brulias or Paxtar.
Florescentan and Ingerish rule
In 1812, the colony of Jardinia was handed over to the Florescentan Empire, who renamed the territory as Ilhas Jardim. Florescenta owned the territory until 1874, when the collapse of the Empire and the local revolts for the independence of Jardinia forced the colonizers to flee. However, those claims for independence were rapidly muted by the Ingerish Occupation of 1874.
The archipelago became part of the Ingerish Empire with the name of New Gardenland, but was largely unattended by its rulers due to its isolation from the rest of the Empire and the apparent lack of resources.
Second Castellanese rule (1905-1959)
In 1905, Ingerland and Castellán sign the Treaty of Winburgh, which granted Castellán full control over Jardinia.
Independence and First Republic (1959-1986)
Independence from Castellán was obtained in 1959 through a peaceful transition. Democratic elections were held that year and a new constitution was enacted. During the 1960s and 70s, Jardinia became a modern and richer nation, mostly because of the rediscovery of Naú mercury mines (research later found that Taukan tribes had also exploited the mines in the first millennium BC).
In the 1980s, however, tensions started growing as several economic crisis at the beginning of the decade had left 40% of the population unemployed. Political instability also became an issue in 1984, when the right-wing party Patriotic Alliance, which had been in power since independence, refused to accept the victory of the Communist Party of Jardinia, which had won 37 of the 50 seats in the Cortes.
Civil war (1986-1991)
Laredo's coup d'etât in 1986 led to a civil war between the Patriotic faction (supporters of Laredo and the Patriotic Alliance) and the Popular faction (supporters of the Communist Party of Jardinia, renamed as Workers' Party in 1987). The war lasted until 1991, when the Popular faction entered in Naú, the last bastion of the Patriots.
Second Republic (1991-present)
After the Civil War started a period of recovery. A new constitution was enacted establishing a new bicameral parliament with a Chamber of Legislatiors for political parties and a Social Assembly for trade unions. Political parties must be given permission by the parliament to take part in elections, which means that in fact only the Workers' Party and allied parties have representation.
In the late 90s and early 2000s, the succesives goverments took liberalizing measures and tried to recover from the wounds of the Civil War. More embassies were built and private companies were given more freedoms.
In 2008, a new turning point took place after the election of Manuel Rojas as President of Jardinia. The more radical measures taken, including expropriations and nationalizations, as well as more strict censorships and prosecution of dissidents. That combined with the closure of the mercury mines of Naú in 2010 skyrocketed unemployment and poverty rates.
During the 2010s, civil demostrations and insurgencies have been common. Jardinia currently is one of the poorest countries in Antarephia and has one of the highest inflation rates in the world. Since the resignation of Rojas in 2019, weak and short-lasting governments have tried to calm down the situation of the country.
The islands that form Jardinia sum up an area of about 750 km2. The biggest island is Matano Island, followed by Zódar Island, Gramín Island, Flat Island and Head Island. The archipelago is located in the Hesperic Ocean, 30 kilometres away from the Antarephian continent. The islands are mostly mountainous, with dense forests and fertile valleys and plains, being the largest one the Plains of Zódar.
Grandón is the highest peak of Jardinia at 2079 metres above sea level. During centuries, however, it was believed that the highest mountain was Angradudú, in Matano, which lies at 1804 metres MSL.
Jardinia has a mediterranean climate, with hot or warm summers (Csa to Csb in the Köppen climate classification). Mountains and the westernmost areas tend to be colder than the rest of the country.
The Republic of Jardinia is divided into 6 provinces called partidos. Each partido has a capital, a trial court and a local council composed by the mayors of its municipalities.
|Name||Name in Castellanese||Code||Capital||Municipalities|
|Eastern Matano||Matanó Oriental||ME||Gibalbar|
|Montes de Zódar||Montes de Zódar||MZ||Naú|
|Nostras Islands||Islas Nostras||IN||Treana|
|Western Matano||Matanó Occidental||MO||Abidom|
The Jardinian education system is entirely public, with only one private institution allowed: the National Independent Education Centre. In recent years, the economic crisis has led to the deterioration of the public educaction system, which in the 90s and 00s was world-wide known for its quality. Education is free from elementary school to higher education (university). The basic education (Educación Básica) is eight grades long, from 6 to 14 years-old. The middle education (Bachillerato) is four grades long, from 14 to 18. The university education can be three, five or six years, depending on the degree. There is also vocational education (Formación Profesional) which can be two or three years. The two only universities in Jardinia are the National University of Jardinia and the Polytechnic University of Jardinia. The National Independent Education Centre, despite not being considered a university, offers some valid degrees.
The Jardinian government directly or indirectly controls most media in the country. The state-owned Empresa Nacional de Difusión (National Broadcasting Company) has the monopoly over television and owns six of the eleven legal radio stations and the most read national newspaper.