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8, 9.7930, 178.5471

Overseas territory ofFlag of the FSA.svg Federal States
CapitalArecales town
Official languagesnone
GovernmentDevolved parliamentary dependency
 • GovernorStacy Mayport
 • President of the governmentLionel Terrence
LegislatureTerritorial Council
 • Total27164.97 km2
10488.45 sq mi
 • Water (%)97.9
 • Census29614
 • Density69.75/km2
133.88/sq mi

Arecales, St Catherine and Caraque is an overseas territory of the Federal States, located in north Archanta. The overseas territory is composed of three large islands, three smaller volcanic islands and many smaller cays, islets, rocks and banks. It is located about 1600km from the North Archantan mainland and 4940km from the nearest point in the continental Federal States. The archipelago has a surface area of 572.98 km² (221.2 sq. mi.), of which three quarters of it is made up by the big island, and has a population of 29.614 inhabitants, including several thousand military personnel.

Arecales has a distinct culture from the continental Federal States, and owing to both the distance and isolation, have developed a distinct regional cuisine, speak with a unique accent and dialect of Ingerish. Tourism has traditionally been important to the local economy, and the Federal States military presence on the big island contributes a lot to the economy and infrastructure.


The name for Arecales comes from "Arecales", the scientific name for flowering palms found on the island. The name came into use during the Franquese colonial period, though the name may have also been inspired by the Bai name 棕岛 (Zongdao), applied to islands which likely corresponded to the Arecales archipelago in the 14th century. St Catherine is named after St Catherine of Enzatta, a saint who had gained considerable popularity among sailors at the time of the island's discovery.


Tourism poster

History of Arecales

Early history

The legendary Bai explorer Kan She, who explored Archanta and journeyed south from the Kue Kingdom, had reportedly encountered the islets whom he called Zongdao, a reference to the many palm trees he saw. The first Bai and Kue settlers came to Arecales around 1403 and established plantations on the island. The brief Bai-Kue settlement on the islets did not last long likely due to a volcanic eruption in 1420. [1]It is not believed that any Bai or Kue settlers found and/or settled on St Catherine.

Colonial period

The Castellanese explorer Guillermo de Berrio sighted Fitchett Island in 1542; he attempted to return in 1545 but was lost and never heard from again. In 1609 the Franquese explorer Henri de la Motte sighted the big island but did not land. He returned in 1610 but due to navigational discrepancies, he ended up at Fitchett Island and could not find the big island. La Motte planned a third expedition, and died before carrying it out, but his deputy, Jean Cagnet, found the big island, making landfall along the leeward side and formally annexing it in 1612.

The Franquese brought in slaves from Tarephia and central Archanta to work as laborers on the sugar cane plantations. Few Franquese actually settled on the island, most being colonial administrators, military personnel and their families. The main settlement was located near modern-day Windbreak Surf.

In 1672 Ingerland took the islands from the Franquese. This invasion was marked by the naval Battle of Arecales in June, fought some seven kilometres from the shore; Ingerland lost the Dauntless, though the invasion fleet sank the Draband and Belle Marie, as well as new ship of the line Guerrier.

The town at Windbreak Surf was destroyed by a hurricane in 1686, and a new settlement in what is not the old town was founded.

Woodcut of Fernando Robinson, 18th c.

Arecales was largely left to its own devices during Ingerish Civil War. After 1717, resupply ships were reduced in frequency, less and less money from the treasury came and the colonial administrators resorted to issuing letters of marque to privateers on the islands to provide a source of income.

The most famous pirate of the era was Fernando Robinson, who operated out of his namesake village on the top end, and was rumored to have buried treasure near there. James Griffith was also notable in the era, who died attacking the town in 1723.

This first age of piracy was brief, ended with the Castellanese taking advantage of the weakened Ingerland and occupying the islands in 1722.[2] Several ships attacked Arecales, landed marines on shore, and the disorganized pirates proved no match.

Ingerland took back Arecales in 1730 and largely stamped out pirates, though pirates continued to operate out of various islets and cays. The most brazen pirate attack of the later 18th century occurred in 1772, the Ingerish had taken the Castellanese treasure boat Nuestra Señora de los Vientos and was taking her to the harbor at Arecales when both she and her escort ship, Stoney, were attacked by unknown pirates; the larger treasure boat was sunk in the fighting and Stoney ran aground in the reef though crew were able to row out to shore.


Pelham's flags

The independence of the Federal States saw diminishing need to maintain Arecales, and more difficult to maintain resupplying it. Pirate attacks became more brazen from 1790, and shipping around the islands was increasingly disrupted, but increasingly little was done about the matter. Notable pirates of the era included:

  • Henry Stead, known for his cunning, as pirate governor of Arecales from 1823.
  • James Everson, likely mastermind of 1819 raid that "nearly took Arecales without firing a shot". Died aboard his ship, the Alice Henry, sunk by Henry Pelham's ship.
  • Henry Pelham, violent pirate. Died in 1829 at Ngu Long Son harbor, he entered the port and took several ships, but an armored boat fired a cannon shot that rip through Pelham's boat, wounded him before dying of infection.
  • Mary Ann Connell, only known female pirate in Arecales, may have been a prostitute in the town. Was involved with smugglers in Shaachrau and operated on the Kue coast in the mid-1820s. She attacked and destroyed part of Namthinhvuong in 1826.
  • Petty Jack Harrow, born in Delenshire Island around 1780. Died with his ship in 1833 after being hunted and sunk by two FS navy ships. Was able to sink the FSS Caroline before his was crippled.

One of the most famous attacks occurred near the North Cay, when the violent and cruel Henry Pelham attacked the merchant vessel Milisle; as the ship resisted capture, he raised a red flag, and when she was boarded the captain was killed and supposedly lost his jaw before the ship was set on fire.

James Everson and Henry Stead, based out of North Cay, launched a daring attack on Arecales Town in 1819 with about 40 men aboard their boat, the Clara Lemington[3]. The governor of Arecales bargained with the pirates and paid them off and hired them as privateers, but Everson and Stead fought at some point, and Stead joined Henry Pelham to attack and pillage the town in 1823. The Ingerish attempted to retake Arecales in 1824, but their attempts to retake were defeated. The pirates began disrupting Ardentic trade routes, boarding ships, stealing cargo. The Ingerish retook Arecalesd in 1828 but piracy would continue for over a decade, with pirates operating from other islands and cays near Arecales.

History of St Catherine

St Caths...

History of Caraque

Attack on the Franquese ships in Caraque
Flags of Ardentic pirates

Caraque was first explored by the Franquese around 1614 during Jean Cagnet's second voyage to the islands. Settlers from Arecales were sent to settle the island with Louis Brunel appointed the first governor. Like in Arecales, a sugarcane would become the main crop in the island and many slaves from Archanta were brought to work the fields. In 1672 The Ingerish successfully attack and took over Arecales and subsequently sent what remained of the fleet to attack Caraque. The naval battle of Caraque proved disastrous for the Ingerish, several ships ran aground of the harbor of Basse-Terre (today Lazy Bay) and the Franquese defended the islands successfully. Following the Ingerish attack, the Franquese began building a small fortress in Basse-Terre, completed in 1680.

A hurricane in 1686 caused significant damage on the island; its believed that 500 or more people died, and the poor conditions resulted in a slave revolt that lasted for a few months until a company of troops was sent to the islands to restore order. Many slaves escaped over the mountains and founded the settlement of Monnet and were important in the settlement of the windward side. The conditions after the hurricane led to some fishermen and sailors engaging in piracy against shipping and especially the Ingerish colonies. The colonial governors officially were required to end piracy but tolerated it because of their action against the Ingerish. Piracy really increased during the Ingerish Civil War, taking advantage of the deteriorating conditions of in Arecales. Jean Barteau (c. 1680-1721) was a famous pirate in the period, and was active from the port of Saint-Jean, known as a pirate harbor, until his death at the hands of Henry Pelham. Pierre Barre (d. 1737) was also notable in this period, and since his death many have tried to find his treasure, which is buried on one of the cays between Caraque and St Caths.

In 1730 the Ingerish took back Arecales after it fell to the Castellanese. Several pirates moved to Caraque and continued to operate against Arecales. In response the Ingerish launched an attack against Caraque in 1732 to take the island and end piracy, and the Franquese were forced to give it up with a treaty in 1733. During the independence wars of the Federal States, it became more difficult for the Ingerish to supply the islands and the Franquese retook Caraque in 1796 after a brief naval battle. Piracy attacks in the islands after 1800 threatened Caraque as well as Arecales. In 1807 slaves rose up in several plantations on the island, and the slave revolt was aided when young pirate Petty Jack Harrow attacked Lazy Bay town. Order was restored by the Franquese in 1808 but by then pirates were living and operating from several towns on the island and nothing could be done.

Arecales fell to pirates in 1823 and became a pirate state but Caraque was defended by Franquese, but was becoming expensive to defend. In 1828 the Ingerish took back Arecales and they invaded and took Caraque in 1829, the last time the Franquese ruled the island.

In 1916 Miles Hill, the volcano on the island, erupted, and destroyed completely the village of Les Milles, and damaged heavily the towns of Haut Florise, Florise and Page Harbour. Many people were displaced to Sain John, Lazy Bay or moved to St Caths or Arecales. The eruption damaged a lot of the crops and farmland of Florise Parish and caused economic issues on the island. More people emigrated to other islands in the following years, and today is seen in the lower population or Caraque versus other large islands of the territory.

History of Toussaint

The island was sighted by Louis Brunel during the voyage which brought first settlers to Caraque from Arecales in 1615, it was seen on 1 November (All saints, or in Franquese Toussaint), which became name of the island. Because Toussaint was mountainous and didn't have a suitable harbor, there were no attempts to settle it. The defeat of a slave revolt in Caraque in 1686 saw a few escapes slaves leave the island on boats and 15 or 20 made it to Toussaint, helped by Arecales smuggler John Wills. Wills Harbour became the first settlement of the island, and a second village was founded on the south side of the island after 1750 (Toussaint). The island was sometimes visited by early buccaneers and pirates to resupply or find shelter.

Around 1710 Toussaint was formally occupied by the Franquese. After the Ingerish Civil War, the Ingerish reconquered Arecales in 1730, and after fighting the Franquese, they acquired Caraque in 1733, which left Toussaint as the major Franquese territory. In the early 1800s Toussaint's geography helped it resist most pirate attacks; notably in 1812 James Everson destroyed the island's small harbor at Hole Beach. After the Ingerish invasion of Caraque in 1829, the peace treaty after made Toussaint an Ingerish island. Henry Stead escaped to Toussaint after the Ingerish took back Arecales and is buried in a graveyard in Toussaint town.

In the 1960s the road in Toussaint was paved. In 1977 an airport was completed on the island, which reduced travel time to Arecales from a 6 hour boat ride to a 55 minute airplane flight. In 1989 the local government approved a flag design for the island.

Other islands history

Added here..


Arecales is located around 10°N and 179°E. It is both the easternmost settled area in the world, and northernmost and only Federal States possession.


Arecales is made up of three islands and two cays. The largest, known as Arecales or the Big Island, has an area of 424.6km² and contains the entire population of the territory. The two others islands, Fitchett Island and Cagnet Island, are both dominated by volcanoes that see many frequent and small-scale eruptions, with the Fitchett Peak believed to be the most active in the Federal States. Two smaller sandy cays also form part of the archipelago, as well as various minor cays, rocks, and banks.

Big Island

The Big island is normally divided into the windward side (the "western side") and the leeward side ("eastern side"). A ridge of hills raging from 62m to 133m go along the middle of the island, dividing it into the two aforementioned areas. The windward side has very few beaches due to a lack of natural breakwaters and sheltered areas, and is predominately marshy and scrubby coast, with various mangroves along it. The leeward side and top end of the island is sheltered by various coral reefs, banks and shoals, which make them calm waters and have various beaches. Some mangroves are found as well, but not to the extent of the windward side. The hills on the island are forested, though much deforestation has happened over the centuries as the main town expanded in area.

Cagnet Island

Cagnet Island is an active volcanic island. About half the island is covered by scree and rock, primarily in the center. Forested area still survives in many parts of the island, despite the rather large and violent eruptions of the past 50 years. Cagnet was the only other island beside the big one to have been inhabited for any length of time; the fishing village of Cagnet Town was founded in 1806 on the northwest coast and had about 200 inhabitants in 1971. The 18 June eruption of Cagnet Peak in 1971 saw the village destroyed by fast moving lahars, and some 80 of its inhabitants were killed. The lahars and mudflows changed the course of the river flowing through the town. The village ruins remain visible.[4][5]

Fitchett Island

Fitchett Island is an active volcanic island and is considered to be the most active volcano in the Federal States. Much of the island, at parts from sea level to the crater at the top, are dominated by a large swathe of rock and scree due to frequent eruptions. Above an elevation of about 170m, there is almost no vegetation left. The High Mountain Society operates manned research facilities at sea level and on the southeastern end of the crater, to monitor eruptions and volcanic activity.

St Catherine

St Catherine is the second largest island in the territory (561.7km²). The island is mountainous, with two major volcanoes, the largest of which (Mount Jacob), is 1027m high. The two volcanoes are still classified as active by the H.M.S., but there has not been a major eruption since 1453. The mountains divide the leeward and windward sides of the islands. The leeward side of the island is lush and beautiful, with lots of farming.The windward side of the island is rocky and less habitable than the leeward side, with few settlements. There are numerous small islets and cays surrounding the island.


Caraque is the largest island of the territory (743.25 km²). The island is very green and is divided into windward and leeward side by a ridge of mountains, dominated by the 1029 m high volcano Miles Hill. The windward side is known for rocky coasts and beaches, while leeward side has many sheltered harbors and golden sandy beaches. A major volcanic eruption in [20th century] displaced a lot of the population.

Other islands


Toussaint is a small volcanic island, It is roughly square shaped, rocky and rugged and reaches 612m above sea level at the island summit. The volcano is possibly dormant.

Flora and fauna

Despite its small size, Arecales is home to a large and diverse variety of flora and fauna, with many fish, crustaceans, birds, insects, reptiles, trees, fruit and plants. Pigs were introduced by the Ingerish and became feral in the 19th century, though a lot are now raised as livestock due to a significant campaign in the 1970s to eliminate wild pigs, which were very harmful to local ecosystems.[6]

Volcanic activity

Two islands in Arecales are volcanic in nature and are the most active volcanoes in the Federal States. Fitchett Peak is considered to be the most active, with eruptions occurring every few months since 1996, most recently erupting in February 2020. Eruptions, while frequent, are not considered very dangerous nor terribly explosive, though have been known to delay air traffic in Arecales. The largest recorded eruption there took place in 1927.

Cagnet Peak is not as active, but has recorded a few larger eruptions, in 1963, 1971 and 2005. The 1963 eruption lasted a few days, with lahars flowing to the southwest and southeast. Both the 1971 and 2005 eruptions saw ash deposited on the military base, and led to the airport and airfield temporarily suspending flights. The 1971 eruption was considered the most explosive, with fast-moving lahars flowing northwest, destroying the fishing village of Cagnet Town and killing 80 people. Volcanic activity in 2005 was studied by a team of volcanologists from the High Mountain Society, but an earlier than anticipated eruption caught them near the summit and saw four scientists killed.

Politics and government


As an overseas territory of the Federal States, there is a governor as the head of state representative, historically appointed by the Federal States president and who is based in Arecales. Arecales has a unicameral legislature, the Territorial Council, with 20 elected representatives. Elections are held every four years, most recently in 2018, and the leader of the party with most seats is appointed by the governor as president of the government. The current governor is Stacy Mayport and the president is Lionel Terrence.

Caraque has a 10 seat legislature, with representation divided among the parishes (3 representatives for Basse-Terre and Saint John Parish, 2 for Florise and Windward Parishes, of which one serves as president of the government. Toussaint has two municipal governments, and the government of Wills Harbour is a combined municipal and island wide government.

Administrative divisions

In the colonial period, Arecales was divided into parishes. Modern-day Arecales is a unitary territory, though towns, villages and other settlements are used for statistics and census-taking. The military bases on the eastern end of the island are considered a settlement or entity for statistical purposes, and Hideaway Cay is deemed to be a part of Holborn Head.

Settlement Parish Population
Flag of Arecales 1.png Arecales Flag of Arecales 1.png
The Town 14,200
Fernando's Hideaway 5075
Holborn Head 2194
Capesterre 1025
Paget 970
Jonas Hill 650
Military bases 5500
St Catherine
Kaetown TBD TBD
Fourth Harbour TBD TBD
Bard's Home TBD TBD
Colourby TBD TBD
Esterbay TBD TBD
Southern Harbour TBD TBD
Flag of Caraque.png Caraque Flag of Caraque.png
Lazy Bay Basse-Terre TBD
Belvoir Basse-Terre TBD
Saint John Saint John TBD
Esperance Saint John TBD
Page Harbour Florise TBD
Florise Florise TBD
Haut Florise Florise TBD
Windward Town Windward TBD
Margaretstown Windward TBD
Sharp's Bay Windward TBD
Monnet Windward TBD
Flag of Toussaint.png Toussaint Flag of Toussaint.png
Wills Harbour TBD
Toussaint TBD
Top Bank & Eastern Bank Cays
Rock Bottom Rock Bottom Cay TBD
Middle Town Rock Bottom Cay 62
Headley Serpentine Cay 77
Road Island
Boguestown TBD
Dulce's Harbour TBD
Clement Island
Williamstown TBD


Exports chart

Most of Arecales' economy is centered around the services sector, heavily focusing on tourism and financial services. Seafood, agriculture and food products are also important to the economy, but a smaller sector.


Tourism is the traditionally largest economic sector in Arecales. Much of the tourism to Arecales is centered on cruise ships and various resorts on the island.

Financial services

Arecales is a significant offshore jurisdiction, licensing offshore companies and hedge funds. Corporations registered in Arecales are not subject to business taxation, making it a lucrative sector but also leading to claims of tax evasion and money laundering. Most of these are based or registered in buildings on Fleetwood Street, which is often used as a synonym for the offshore sector in Arecales. Many goods, such as alcohol, tobacco, watches, jewelry and other luxury items are exempt from sales taxes (VAT), to attract shoppers and tourists.

Industry and agriculture

Agriculture and industry in Arecales is a very small sector of the economy. Agriculture is centered on sugarcane, with other centered on fruit orchards, primarily grapefruit. Pigs and some poultry are also farmed. The largest industry in Arecales is centered around rum distilling and some sugarcane refining, of which Tower Hill rums is the largest.

Fishing and aquaculture

Scallops and fish are important to the economy. Fish is main caught out in the ocean, though scallops are farmed and are a major industry.


  • Digicom: mobile provider, present in all the major islands
  • Arecales Commercial Bank, bank present in the main islands
  • Marie's Fish and Fried, notable seafood and chicken restaurant chain in Arecales


There is a fairly large military presence in Arecales. Naval Station Arecales is the oldest in the island. Arecales Air Force Station hosts the 13th Fighter Squadron, composed of over 20 fighter aircraft. The 111th Bomb Wing operates both subsonic propeller-driven bomber aircraft, and Contair SBS supersonic strategic bombers, as well as transport aircraft. The base is resupplied and can be bolstered with auxiliary aircraft from Citadel AFB in Culpepper (112th Air Transport Wing) and Barclay AFB in Sierra (12 Bomb Wing). A radar station is present on the north end of the island.


Souvenir postcard


There are two mobile phone providers in Arecales, Digicom, which is a regional provider, and StarCellular, a Federal States company.

Radio and television

Arecales has a few radio stations: AR FM, WeRadio, Radio93 and Christic Radio Arecales. Television service is provided by Digicom, and there is an Arecales TV channel. Satellite communications has allowed Arecalians access to Federal States and international television channels.


Arecales Post is the postage company on the island. It is responsible for receiving and delivering mail in the island, and issues postage stamps for general use and for collectors. Arecales Post is based in the Spencer's Waterfront Mall and is an associated entity of the Federal States Post.


Arecales has a fairly typical oceanic tropical climate. Arecales tends to have two seasons, a rainy "winter" from October to March, and a comparatively drier "summer" from March to October. Temperature do not vary greatly throughout the year, with only a few degrees of difference between winter/summer highs and lows. Annual temperatures normally range above 20°C to 30°C (70°F/86°F), but humidity is generally high. Tropical cyclones are common in Arecales and bring heavy rain, powerful winds.

Tropical storms

Arecales is in a prime location for tropical storms, and every year is hit with heavy rain through the winter. Tropical storms and hurricanes have been incredibly large in 2007, 2012 and 2013, causing a lot of damage to the island.

Weather chart

Climate data for Arecales Airport (20m elevation, 9.4°N 178.7°E)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 30.5
Average high °C (°F) 28.1
Average low °C (°F) 22.0
Record low °C (°F) 18.6
Average precipitation mm (inches) 281 276 204 189 164 121 134 151 183 223 211 257 2,394
Average relative humidity (%) 73 74 77 77 76 80 81 74 72 72 73 75 75
Source: Airport Weather Station, 1962-2018



Petit Pepper

Arecalian cuisine is well known for its seafood. Scallops and fish are popular on the island and are best-known in the local cuisine. Hot peppers are important to the local cuisine, of which the native Petit (or Arecales Petit) Pepper is key to the local flavour.

Due to the introduction of pigs by both the Castellanese and Ingerish in the colonial era, pigs have become plentiful and are used to make roast pig (or lechon), a popular dish served with yellow rice and peas.

Rum is the national beverage in Arecales, produced in large quantities.


Various sports are played in Arecales. Cricket, introduced in an early variant by the Ingerish, has become large and popular; cricket in the island is organized by the Cricketing Federation of Arecales. Arecales is an associate of OGFIC (the international cricket body), and the Arecales national team often plays against other international sides. An Amateur Cricket League is also played.

Football is also a popular sport, and you can find a variety of football pitches on the island, as well as a stadium. Since 1979 Arecales has a national team, comprised of amateur players. Due to Federal States influence, baseball is also present in Arecales, having picked up a bigger following since the 1970s.

Arecales has sports centres for tennis, and a swimming center with a Geolympiad-sized swimming pool. Dedicated track running facilities exist at Malcom Jennings Stadium.

Music and film

Arecales is known for various music styles, with a focus on key instruments like acoustic guitars, marimbula, drums, and others. Arecalian music was first recorded in 1916 when the Stead's Band was brought to Stanton to record two sides. Becasse is one of the most popular styles from the 1950s, and the first to be recorded in great numbers. In the 1970s FSA funk records imported to Arecales gave influence to highbeat music. There is one record studio in Arecales, Tropic Studio on Stroll Road.

The upcoming (2021) action film Pirates of the Ardentic was partly filmed in Arecales, loosely based on the 19th century pirate history of the island. It is the first major movie to be filmed in Arecales.


Air travel

An AV-Nieida200 of Island Air

Arecales Airport is the largest civilian airport in Arecales. The runway is 2550m long and can accommodate various short and medium range propeller and jet aicraft. The only scheduled commercial flights from the FSA are operated by FlySmart out of Andreapolis International Airport in Alormen, a distance of about 5800km. Island Air operates a variety of daily flights to the main islands and other cays. There are other smaller air travel providers in the islands for charter and service to smaller locations, like Newman Heli Air (based in Windbreak Surf, Arecales) and Michel Seaplane Ltd (Lazy Bay Caraque). Arecales Air Force Base receives all military travel to Arecales, as well as bringing in a lot of supplies. The longest runway, 3670m long, is designed to accommodate subsonic and supersonic bomber aircraft takeoffs.

Arecales Airport was constructed in 1948 and served both civilian and military flights to the island, until the completion of the military runway in 1965. St Caths has St Catherine Regional Airport, with a 1035 m runway, near Kaetown. Lyndon W. Barnet Airport serves Caraque, located near Saint John. There are several airports, heliports and seaplane ports in other islets and cays in the territory.

Name Type Ref Length Notes
Arecales Airport airport 04L/22R 2550 m International airport
St Catherine Regional Airport airport TBD 1035 m Scheduled flights within islands
Lyndon W. Barnet Airport airport 09/27 1030 m Scheduled flights within islands
Toussaint Airport airport 02/20 580 m Scheduled flights within islands
Headley Airport airport 01/19 730 m Limited scheduled flights within islands
Rock Bottom Airport airport 03/21 660 m Limited scheduled flights within islands
Frigate Cay Airstrip airport 11/29 403 m Private airport
Dellyse Cay Airport airport 10/28 500 m Private airport
Hideaway Heliport heliport - - Private heliport
Waterfront Helipad heliport - - Private heliport
Williamstown Seaplane Base seaplane base - - Private seaplane base
Road Bay Seaplane Base seaplane base - - Private seaplane base

Road travel


road sign at the airport
registration plate

Arecales has two major roads in island, The Road, mainly on the windward side, and Big Bay Road on the leeward side. The Road is the longest on the island, about 60km (37mi) from the top end of island to the bottom side on the military base. All of the main roads are paved, with a few more rural roads gravel.

The first automobiles arrived to Arecales in 1920; due to the fact that early motorcars had right-hand steering, traffic in Arecales drove on the left. Arecales thus has the distinction of driving on the left, but allowing both left and right hand drive vehicles to be sold and driven. Arecales has a motor vehicle registration office in Margot Beach, as well as three driving schools. Arecales has various automobile dealerships, many of which are found on Marketing Street. Due to the small population of the island, there is only one authorized dealership, the rest importing and selling a variety of makes and models.

There are two bus routes in Arecales, served by minibuses. Mikes Taxis and Island Taxi are the two companies in Arecales, operating throughout the island.


There is one main road in Toussaint, The Road. It was paved in the 1960s. Sylvain Potter is the taxi service on the island, a microbus and small jeep are operated by him and his son. Supreme Scooter Hire has several scooters and moped for rent.

Sea travel


Arecales Naval Station has the largest port on the island, having been expanded several times to allow for larger vessels. It can accommodate various vessels, from coast guard patrol boats, cruisers, transport/resupply vessels and aircraft carriers.

The main harbor (Arecales Harbour) is located near the old town in what was a natural sheltered mooring point. The port was begun by the Ingerish in 1702 and expanded through the early 2000s. The Arecales Ferry Port is found here, as is the cargo port. Cool's lagoon is the largest natural harbor, found on the top end of the island.

There are many public and private boat marinas on the island, most of them on the leeward side of the island, and along Cool's Lagoon. These include:


There is a marina in Lazy Bay, and also another large one in Saint John by the beach. There are piers in the other major ports of the island.

Other islands and cays

  • In Boguestown there are ferry services from the terminal to Lazy Bay, small vessels can moor at the dock. There is a private yacht club on the other side of the town.
  • There are ferry connections from Wills Harbour in Toussaint to the ferry port in Arecales and to Williamstown.
  • Rock Bottom Cay has a small marina and ferry service to Caraque.

Notes and references

  1. Small tools and artefacts of Kue origin found throughout the island largely attest to farming as the main focus.
  2. This makes Arecales one of the few territories to have gone though the hands of the three major historical empires of the early modern era.
  3. The Clara Lemington was named after a famous prostitute of the period. A modern reconstruction of the ship is on display at Arecales Castle.
  4. The village had been evacuated on 2 June to Arecales Town when eruption seemed imminent, but a lull in volcanic activity saw most of them return on 14 June.
  5. The High Mountain Society warned against returning, but the fishermen could not afford to remain without working and sought to return.
  6. Feral pigs no longer exist in the wild, with the last unconfirmed sightings in 2001.