|8, 9.8687, 176.6052|
|Overseas territory of||Federal States|
|Government||Devolved parliamentary dependency|
|• Governor||Stacy Mayport|
|• Presidents of the government||Lionel Terrence Caya|
TBD St Catherine
|• Total||TBD km2|
TBD sq mi
|• Water (%)||TBD|
Arecales is an overseas territory of the Federal States, located in north Archanta. The overseas territory is composed of three large islands (Caya, St Catherine, Caraque) three smaller volcanic islands and many smaller cays, islets, rocks and banks. It is located about 1600km from the North Archantan mainland and 4940km from the nearest point in the continental Federal States. The territory has a surface area of 1946 km² (751 sq. mi.), of which three quarters of it is made up by the big island, and has a population of TBD inhabitants, including several thousand military personnel.
Arecales has a distinct culture from the continental Federal States, and owing to both the distance and isolation, have developed a distinct regional cuisine, speak with a unique accent and dialect of Ingerish. Even among the islands of the territory there are differences in the dialect and culture. Tourism and offshore financial services have largely supplanted sugarcane and fishing as the largest sector of the local economy, and the Federal States military presence on Caya also contributes to the economy and infrastructure.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Politics and government
- 5 Economy
- 6 Military
- 7 Communications
- 8 Climate
- 9 Culture
- 10 Transport
- 11 Notes and references
The name for Arecales comes from "Arecales", the scientific name for flowering palms found on the island. The name came into use during the Franquese colonial period, though the name may have also been inspired by the Bai name 棕岛 (Zongdao), applied to islands which likely corresponded to the Arecales archipelago in the 14th century. St Catherine is named after St Catherine of Enzatta, a saint who had gained considerable popularity among sailors at the time of the island's discovery.
Toussaint is named after all saints day, because it was discovered on 1 November.
The islands were first discovered in the early 1400s by Bai and Kue explorers. The big island of Caya was settled until the early 1420s, when the settlers left as a result of nearby volcanic eruptions. The Castellanese explorer Guillermo de Berrio was the first Ulethan to discover the islands, but it was the Franquese who led significant exploration and brought settlers to Caya and Caraque.
Between the late 1600s and 1730 and from early 1800s to mid 1830s, Arecales was major area of piracy in the world. The Town in Caya was perhaps the world's most famous pirate port, with many buccaneers and privateers and home to many bars and brothels. Lazy Bay in Caraque (then known as Basse Terre) was also an important town where pirates were present. The competing Ingerish and Franquese empire ambitions allowed piracy to flourish or even be permitted by the authorities. In the 1810s, a second era of piracy was present in Arecales, and in the 1820s the island of Caya was a de facto independent pirate state.
History of Toussaint
The island was sighted by Louis Brunel during the voyage which brought first settlers to Caraque from Caya in 1615, it was seen on 1 November (All saints, or in Franquese Toussaint), which became name of the island. Because Toussaint was mountainous and didn't have a suitable harbor, there were no attempts to settle it. The defeat of a slave revolt in Caraque in 1686 saw a few escapes slaves leave the island on boats and 15 or 20 made it to Toussaint, helped by Cayan smuggler John Wills. Wills Harbour became the first settlement of the island, and a second village was founded on the south side of the island after 1750 (Toussaint). The island was sometimes visited by early buccaneers and pirates to resupply or find shelter.
Around 1710 Toussaint was formally occupied by the Franquese. After the Ingerish Civil War, the Ingerish reconquered Caya in 1730, and after fighting the Franquese, they acquired Caraque in 1733, which left Toussaint as the major Franquese territory. In the early 1800s Toussaint's geography helped it resist most pirate attacks; notably in 1812 James Everson destroyed the island's small harbor at Hole Beach. After the Ingerish invasion of Caraque in 1829, the peace treaty after made Toussaint an Ingerish island. Henry Stead escaped to Toussaint after the Ingerish took back Caya and is buried in a graveyard in Toussaint town.
In the 1960s the road in Toussaint was paved. In 1977 an airport was completed on the island, which reduced travel time to Caya from a 6 hour boat ride to a 55 minute airplane flight. In 1989 the local government approved a flag design for the island.
St Catherine is the second largest island in the territory (561.7km²). The island is mountainous, with two major volcanoes, the largest of which (Mount Jacob), is 1027m high. The two volcanoes are still classified as active by the H.M.S., but there has not been a major eruption since 1453. The mountains divide the leeward and windward sides of the islands. The leeward side of the island is lush and beautiful, with lots of farming.The windward side of the island is rocky and less habitable than the leeward side, with few settlements. There are numerous small islets and cays surrounding the island.
Toussaint is a small volcanic island, It is roughly square shaped, rocky and rugged and reaches 612m above sea level at the island summit. The volcano is possibly dormant.
Flora and fauna
Despite its small size, Arecales is home to a large and diverse variety of flora and fauna, with many fish, crustaceans, birds, insects, reptiles, trees, fruit and plants.
The other islands in the territory have less human interference with the natural fauna aside from some animals for farming. In Toussaint, for example, goats and chickens are found throughout the islands.
Various island in the territory are volcanically active and contain some of the most active volcanoes in the Federal States. Fitchett Peak is considered to be the most active, with eruptions occurring every few months since 1996, most recently erupting in February 2020. Eruptions, while frequent, are not considered very dangerous nor terribly explosive, though have been known to delay air traffic in Arecales. The largest recorded eruption there took place in 1927.
Cagnet Peak is not as active, but has recorded a few larger eruptions, in 1963, 1971 and 2005. The 1963 eruption lasted a few days, with lahars flowing to the southwest and southeast. Both the 1971 and 2005 eruptions saw ash deposited on the military base, and led to the airport and airfield temporarily suspending flights. The 1971 eruption was considered the most explosive, with fast-moving lahars flowing northwest, destroying the fishing village of Cagnet Town and killing 80 people. Volcanic activity in 2005 was studied by a team of volcanologists from the High Mountain Society, but an earlier than anticipated eruption caught them near the summit and saw four scientists killed.
Politics and government
As an overseas territory of the Federal States, there is a governor as the head of state representative, historically appointed by the Federal States president and who is based in Caya. Arecales has a unicameral legislature, the Territorial Council, with 20 elected representatives. Elections are held every four years, most recently in 2018, and the leader of the party with most seats is appointed by the governor as president of the government. The territory government also performs the role of government of Caya, but St Caths and Caraque have their own regional governments. The current governor of Arecales is Stacy Mayport.
Toussaint has two municipal governments, and the government of Wills Harbour is a combined municipal and island wide government.
Arecales is divided into three constituent parts (Caya, St Caths, Caraque) and three special municipalities. On St Caths, Parishs are called "Parcels".
Most of Arecales' economy is centered around the services sector, heavily focusing on tourism and financial services. Seafood, agriculture and food products are also important to the economy, but a smaller sector.
Tourism is the traditionally largest economic sector in Arecales. Much of the tourism to Arecales is centered on cruise ships and various resorts on the island.
Arecales (specifically Caya) is a significant offshore jurisdiction, licensing offshore companies and hedge funds. Corporations registered in Arecales are not subject to business taxation, making it a lucrative sector but also leading to claims of tax evasion and money laundering. Most of these are based or registered in buildings on Fleetwood Street, which is often used as a synonym for the offshore sector in Caya. Many goods, such as alcohol, tobacco, watches, jewelry and other luxury items are exempt from sales taxes (VAT), to attract shoppers and tourists.
Industry and agriculture
Agriculture and industry in Arecales is a very small sector of the economy. Agriculture is centered on sugarcane, with other centered on fruit orchards, primarily grapefruit. Pigs and some poultry are also farmed. The largest industry in Arecales is centered around rum distilling and some sugarcane refining, of which Tower Hill rums is the largest.
Fishing and aquaculture
Scallops and fish are important to the economy. Fish is main caught out in the ocean, though scallops are farmed and are a major industry.
Most businesses in the territory are small, locally owned and operated. There are a few foreign chains from FSA and elsewhere, such as GasIt and Tanaco (fuel), Western Bank, Yumburgers and Blue Wasp (restaurants), but only found in the bigger islands. There are a few local chains as well, either found only in Caya or throughout the whole territory:
- Digicom: mobile provider, present in all the major islands
- Arecales Commercial Bank, bank present in the main islands
- Marie's Fish and Fried, notable seafood and chicken restaurant chain in Caya
- Harriet, fuel station chain
There is a fairly large military presence in Arecales, of which most is found in Caya. Naval Station Arecales is the oldest in the island. Arecales Air Force Station hosts the 13th Fighter Squadron, composed of over 20 fighter aircraft. The 111th Bomb Wing operates both subsonic propeller-driven bomber aircraft, and Contair SBS supersonic strategic bombers, as well as transport aircraft. The base is resupplied and can be bolstered with auxiliary aircraft from Citadel AFB in Culpepper (112th Air Transport Wing) and Barclay AFB in Sierra (12 Bomb Wing). A radar station is present on the north end of the island.
There are two mobile phone providers in Arecales, Digicom, which is a regional provider, and StarCellular, a Federal States company.
Radio and television
Arecales has a few radio stations: AR FM, WeRadio, Radio93 and Christic Radio Arecales. Television service is provided by Digicom, and there is an Arecales TV channel. Satellite communications has allowed access to Federal States and international television channels.
Arecales Post is the postage company on the territory. It is responsible for receiving and delivering mail in the island, and issues postage stamps for general use and for collectors. Arecales Post is based in the Spencer's Waterfront Mall (The Town, Caya) and is an associated entity of the Federal States Post.
Arecales has a fairly typical oceanic tropical climate. Arecales tends to have two seasons, a rainy "winter" from October to March, and a comparatively drier "summer" from March to October. Temperature do not vary greatly throughout the year, with only a few degrees of difference between winter/summer highs and lows. Annual temperatures normally range above 20°C to 30°C (70°F/86°F), but humidity is generally high. Tropical cyclones are common in Arecales and bring heavy rain, powerful winds.
Arecales is in a prime location for tropical storms, and every year is hit with heavy rain through the winter. Tropical storms and hurricanes have been incredibly large in 2007, 2012 and 2013, causing a lot of damage to the island.
|Climate data for Arecales International Airport (20m elevation, 9.4°N 178.7°E)|
|Record high °C (°F)||30.5
|Average high °C (°F)||28.1
|Average low °C (°F)||22.0
|Record low °C (°F)||18.6
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||281||276||204||189||164||121||134||151||183||223||211||257||2,394|
|Average relative humidity (%)||73||74||77||77||76||80||81||74||72||72||73||75||75|
|Source: Airport Weather Station, 1962-2018|
Arecalian cuisine is well known for its seafood. Scallops and fish are popular on the island and are best-known in the local cuisine. Hot peppers are important to the local cuisine, of which the native Petit (or Arecales Petit) Pepper is key to the local flavour. Different island also have unique cuisines using locally fished or grown products.
Due to the introduction of pigs by both the Castellanese and Ingerish in the colonial era, pigs have become plentiful and are used to make roast pig (or lechon), a popular dish served with yellow rice and peas.
Rum is the national beverage in Arecales, produced in large quantities.
Various sports are played in the territory. Cricket, introduced by the Ingerish, has become large and popular and is the most popular sport played. Arecales Cricket is the governing body for cricket in the territory. Cricket teams were set up in Caya (Cricketing Federation of Caya), St Caths (TBD) and Toussaint (Caraque Cricket Association), but generally competed internationally as the Arecales team as an associate of OGFIC (the international cricket body). Since 1999 there is a combined West Ardentic cricket team which often plays against other international sides. An Amateur Cricket League is also played. Stroll Road Cricket Ground is the main stadium of the islands, but there are many other cricket pitches.
Football is also a popular sport, and you can find a variety of football pitches on the island, as well as a stadium. Since 1979 Arecales has a national team, comprised of amateur players. Due to Federal States influence, baseball is also present in Caya, having picked up a bigger following since the 1970s.
Caya has sports centres for tennis, and a swimming center with a Geolympiad-sized swimming pool. Dedicated track running facilities exist at Malcom Jennings Stadium.
Music and film
Arecales is known for various music styles, with a focus on key instruments like acoustic guitars, marimbula, drums, and others. Arecalian music was first recorded in 1916 when the Stead's Band was brought to Stanton to record two sides. Becasse is one of the most popular styles from the 1950s, and the first to be recorded in great numbers. In the 1970s FSA funk records imported to Arecales gave influence to highbeat music. There is one record studio in Arecales, Tropic Studio on Stroll Road.
The upcoming (2021) action film Pirates of the Ardentic was partly filmed in Arecales, loosely based on the 19th century pirate history of the island. It is the first major movie to be filmed in Arecales.
Arecales Airport is the largest civilian airport in Arecales. The runway is 2550m long and can accommodate various short and medium range propeller and jet aicraft. The only scheduled commercial flights from the FSA are operated by FlySmart out of Andreapolis International Airport in Alormen, a distance of about 5800km. Island Air operates a variety of daily flights to the main islands and other cays. There are other smaller air travel providers in the islands for charter and service to smaller locations, like Newman Heli Air (based in Windbreak Surf, Caya) and Michel Seaplane Ltd (Lazy Bay Caraque). Arecales Air Force Base receives all military travel to Arecales, as well as bringing in a lot of supplies. The longest runway, 3670m long, is designed to accommodate subsonic and supersonic bomber aircraft takeoffs.
St Caths has St Catherine Regional Airport, with a 1035 m runway, near Kaetown. Lyndon W. Barnet Airport serves Caraque, located near Saint John. There are several airports, heliports and seaplane ports in other islets and cays in the territory. Other disused runways include one at Petite Terre (former military) and on Pig Cay, which was second longest non military runway, used by drug smugglers until 1990s.
|Arecales Airport||airport||04L/22R||2550 m||International airport|
|St Catherine Regional Airport||airport||TBD||1035 m||Scheduled flights within islands|
|Lyndon W. Barnet Airport||airport||09/27||1030 m||Scheduled flights within islands|
|Toussaint Airport||airport||02/20||580 m||Scheduled flights within islands|
|Headley Airport||airport||01/19||730 m||Limited scheduled flights within islands|
|Rock Bottom Airport||airport||03/21||660 m||Limited scheduled flights within islands|
|Old Town Airport||airport||16/34||725 m||Served by charter flights|
|Boguestown Airport||airport||03/21||525 m||Under construction (2023)|
|Frigate Cay Airstrip||airport||11/29||403 m||Private airport|
|Dellyse Cay Airport||airport||10/28||500 m||Private airport|
|Hideaway Heliport||heliport||-||-||Private heliport|
|Waterfront Helipad||heliport||-||-||Private heliport|
|Williamstown Seaplane Base||seaplane base||-||-||Private seaplane base|
|Road Bay Seaplane Base||seaplane base||-||-||Private seaplane base|
There is one main road in Toussaint, The Road. It was paved in the 1960s. Sylvain Potter is the taxi service on the island, a microbus and small jeep are operated by him and his son. Supreme Scooter Hire has several scooters and moped for rent.
Arecales Naval Station has the largest port on the island, having been expanded several times to allow for larger vessels. It can accommodate various vessels, from coast guard patrol boats, cruisers, transport/resupply vessels and aircraft carriers.
The main harbor (Arecales Harbour) is located near the old town in what was a natural sheltered mooring point. The port was begun by the Ingerish in 1702 and expanded through the early 2000s. The Arecales Ferry Port is found here, as is the cargo port. Cool's lagoon is the largest natural harbor, found on the top end of the island.
Other islands and cays
- In Boguestown there are ferry services from the terminal to Lazy Bay, small vessels can moor at the dock. There is a private yacht club on the other side of the town.
- There are ferry connections from Wills Harbour in Toussaint to the ferry port in Arecales and to Williamstown.
- Rock Bottom Cay has a small marina and ferry service to Caraque.
Notes and references