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In some cases, articles about lost countries or other lost places may be preserved as a record of someone's creative efforts long ago, but these articles have no bearing on the OpenGeofiction world. DO NOT use the information in these articles in developing histories. These countries are no longer "canon", which means that not only do they no longer exist, but they never existed in OGF history.
"Keep it tight!"
|Largest city||Chemiexc, SQ|
|• President||Matthias Hynes|
|• Vice President||Ryan Braddock|
|• Chief Senator||Wesley Harris|
|• Vox Populi||Ryan Parker|
|• Upper house||Senate|
|• Lower house||People's House|
|• Estimate (2015)||8,000,000|
The B'tuagan Federation (B'tuaga) is a relatively new country in the south of Antarephia. Nine states make up the Federation. It is a mostly mountainous and high desert country, with some fertile coastal plains and forests in the southeast.
The etymology of the name B'tuaga is unknown. However, there have been rumors that B'tuaga was originally the abbreviation for a secret society; this rumor has been denied by Presidents Eugene Thomas, Sigmund Erikssen, and Matthias Hynes, as well as other influential members of the government.
- 1 History
- 1.1 Pre-colonial Period (beginning of time-1997)
- 1.2 Colonization and Beginnings (1997-2000)
- 1.3 Jonson Era (2000-2011)
- 1.4 B'tuaga and War (2011-2012)
- 1.5 Political Instability (2013-2014)
- 1.6 Rebuilding (2014-present)
- 2 Government
- 3 States
- 4 Infrastructure
Pre-colonial Period (beginning of time-1997)
For most of recorded history, what would become B'tuaga was a unpopulated wasteland. Most of the landscape was mountainous and forbidding, and the thick forest and tempestuous weather of the east, the main fertile area, discouraged prospective settlers. This barren status continued until the publication of a documentary describing the native wildlife of the area.
Colonization and Beginnings (1997-2000)
The aforementioned documentary was published in 1997, and quickly went viral. All sorts of people for all sorts of reasons started to migrate to this new land. Most of the 1997 wave of emigrants settled in what would later become Herison, the Moongu Strip, and Septem Quinquaginta. In 2000, after three years of anarchy and disorder, a government structure was set up involving a bicameral legislature and executive, a constitution was written, and elections were held. Included in the inaugural election was a referendum to establish the name of the new country.
The 2000 election was the first national election. Included on the ballot were candidates for President, a referendum of the national name, and candidates for the Senate and People's House for whichever arbitrarily assigned region the ballot was located in. Winning the 2000 Presidential Election was Edmund Jonson, with 51% of the vote. As the Constitution made no provisions for a Vice President, and runner-up Frederic Jacson had received 49% of the vote, it was decided that the runner-up in each election would serve as Vice President. The results of the referendum selected Montain for the name of the country; this is what it would be known as throughout the Jonson Era.
Jonson Era (2000-2011)
Edmund Jonson's first presidential term was characterized by the fleshing out of the political system, with the signing of many acts creating various agencies and the assigning of regional and national capitals. Moongu was selected as the site of the national capital after a tour of the country by President Jonson. After all the administrative organization was completed in 2003, the country entered a period of prosperity and innovation that would last for the next eight years. In 2004, Jonson won re-election, with Jacson again "winning" vice-president. Diplomatic relations with the newly formed New Duchy of Hovden were established in 2005, partly as an attempt to dissuade Hovden military ambitions. 2007 brought a new wave of immigration to the country, along with cracks in relations with New Hovden. Jonson and his government promoted a policy of neutrality towards New Hovden, which was opposed by the newly founded Nationalist party. In 2010, in the middle of his third term, Jonson retired due to health concerns, setting up a special election in 2011.
The Surge (2007)
Main Article: The Surge
A new wave of immigrants arrived in 2007, drawn by promises of land and asylum. For those who were fleeing from another country, President Jonson made every best effort to have them pardoned in their homeland. This period would be a footnote in the history of B'tuaga except for the fact that most of the current political leadership arrived during 2007.
Jonson's retirement left a power vacuum; Frederic Jacson had abandoned all aspirations of being president and decided not to run in the election. The only major candidates were Eugene Thomas and Dak Thurman of the Nationalist Party, and James Adew of the Dove Party. The Nationalists mounted a successful ad campaign, and Thomas won 80% of the vote in the election, with Thurman winning 15% and the vice presidency.
B'tuaga and War (2011-2012)
Thomas' first act in office was to annex the uninhabited area to the west of the Northwest Region (now Peytonland). This set the tone for his tenure in office. In October 2011, he declared war on New Hovden, with the primary objective of eventually annexing it and obtaining its valuable natural resources. This war was initially popular, but after it bogged down in a stalemate in the forests southeast of Nuama Nova, public opinion began to shift. This did not stop the Nationalists from winning many seats in the Legislature and many regional positions; Matthias Hynes and Enrique Fontanero (Chief Senator and Vox Populi) provided the Nationalists with full control of both houses of the Legislature. In December 2012, public opposition towards the war reached its peak, with protests in Port Mandan and Chemiexc, along with many other towns and cities across Montain. Protests in Moongu got so violent that Thomas and Thurman were forced to flee to an undisclosed location, however, before he left, Thomas signed an executive order renaming the country the B'tuagan Federation. With the departure of the President, a new election had to be held.
2013 Special Election
The Nationalists flooded this election with candidates, with Enrique Fontanero, Sigmund Erikssen, Torge Kelbessen, Caoimhín Caulfield, and John Rumbald all running. Due to a split in the party, and the emergence of Marie Cildes of the Dove Party as a viable opposition candidate, Eriksen only won with 28% of the vote. Kelbesen received 27% and the vice presidency.
Political Instability (2013-2014)
Erikssen proved to be an ineffective and bland leader. His only real success, it has been argued, was the appointment of Matthias Hynes as Secretary of State. During this time, due to Erikssen's ineptitude, Hovdenite forces had begun to advance on Nuama Nova. B'tuaga was in imminent danger of losing the war (and its independence). However, when the Hovdenite forces were within 50 miles of Nuama Nova, Hynes secretly contacted the brother of the Duke of New Hovden, Matteus von Hovden. He agreed to remove his brother from power and also to a preliminary peace treaty. This was accomplished rather quickly, much to the delight of both populations (as they were sick of war).
Hynes, however, became disgusted with the inefficiency and lack of effort displayed by the Erikssen government. He secretly formed a new political party, the Distributist Party, and started to form a coalition among other members of the Nationalist Party. This included Caoimhín Caulfield, the governors of Septem Quinquaginta, Herison, and Fraternia, and also several candidates for the People's House. After the 2014 Legislative election in January, one of those candidates (Strane Holbein), proposed a vote of no confidence in the Eriksen government. As by this time everyone was sick of do-nothing government, the vote was 100% in favor of Holbein's motion. By the motion, a special election would be set for February of 2014.
Special Election of 2014
Matthias Hynes had been campaigning behind the scenes for the election since October of the previous year, and publicly announced the formation of the Distributist Party and his candidacy for president the day after Holbein's motion passed. This stunned the Nationalist party leadership, as Hynes had been the "heir-in-waiting" for Erikssen. With little to no options left, the Nationalists ran Ryan Braddock, one of the founding members of the party. Hynes received 98% of the vote, with the only support for Braddock coming from the old Nationalist stronghold of Sendfurth.
Hynes immediately began action. His first act in office was to grant statehood to Peytonland, and his second act was to bring New Hovden into the Federation as a state. He also created the Eugene and Dak Islands, much to the consternation of Enrique Fontanero, who had despised Eugene Thomas. Thus, Enrique quit the Federation and fled to one of the islands in the Eugene Islands, setting up the Independent State of Granaria with Rikard von Hovden, the exiled former Duke. With those two out of the way, the Federation entered a boom period, of which it has not left.
|x30px||Dak Islands||DI||Eastern Peninsula|
B'tuaga has three national highway systems: Interstates, Major Highways, and Minor Highways. These were all designated in the Highway Act of 2002, signed by President Edmund Jonson. When the Federation was reorganized in 2011, new president Eugene Thomas kept the highway system unchanged. There is also a fourth type of highway system, the Lesser Highways, which are maintained by the state they are in.
The B'tuagan System of Inter-state and Inter-island Highways (Interstates) is a group of seven main freeways designed to a specified standard to provide quick access between the parts of B'tuaga. The seven main Interstates are I-2, I-90, I-92, I-94, I-96, I-100, and I-102. There are several connector and loop Interstates built to the same standards; these are designated with a three-digit (or four-digit) number based off of their "parent" Interstate (e.g. I-202, I-190, I-3100).
All Interstates serve the B'tuagan mainland, with the small exception of part of I-100 on Mandan Island. They are built as full limited-access highways with interchanges that provide access to and from any other roads. Despite portions of I-2 and I-102 being oriented north-south, there are no signed north-south Interstates.
Major Highways in B'tuaga are marked on maps as "MA _", with the blank being either a two or three digit number. Numbers are assigned via a grid system, with odd numbers for north-south highways and even numbers for east-west highways.
Odd numbers increase from 1 to 35 traveling east and even numbers increase from 4 to 58 traveling south. Three-digit major highways usually spur off of their "parent" to important destinations not served by the "parent".
The Minor Highway System consists of all the former state routes that were taken over by the Federal Government in the ReHF (Reauthorization of Highway Funding) Bill in 2005. These are often chaotically numbered, with no rhyme or reason behind numbers. Usually even numbers travel east-west and odd numbers travel north-south, but there is no guarantee of that. 500 and 600-series numbers are used for expressways in the Dak and Eugene Islands.
All Minor Highways share the same basic shield design, with the color varying between states. In the Dak and Eugene Islands, Minor Highways serve the purposes of Major Highways, as the MA system does not extend to the islands.
The last type of highway system in B'tuaga is the Lesser Highway System. Each county is allocated the numbers 1-999, to be used wherever the county feels necessary. Signs are of the same basic design, but no two counties share the same colors.
Although the highways are designated by the respective County Council, the respective state Transportation Department has final say over the approval of the designation. These highways are maintained by the state, and not by the county.