|This page is under major reconstruction.|
|8, 56.008, 89.489|
|Republic of Beldonia|
"Mir in enotnost"
"Peace and Unity"
|Ethnic Groups||Beldon (92,8%)|
|• President||Janez Jagodič|
|• Prime Minister||Petra Dragić|
|• Total||25,018.21 km2|
|• Estimate (2019)||4,121,800|
|• Census (2015)||4,118,270|
|• Total||$195.77 billion|
|• Per capita||$40,588|
|• Total||$124.5 billion|
|• Per capita||$30,205|
|Timezone||WUT +6 (no DST)|
|Drives on the||right|
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Politics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Transport
- 8 Culture
- 9 Histroy
- 10 Radio services
- 11 Television services
- 12 Output
- 13 See also
Principality of Gora Vas
Kingdom of Beldonia
Years of attrition
Era of Social Building
Republic of Beldonia
Beldonia is a parliamentary republic with a multi-party system. The head of state is the president, who is elected by popular vote and whilst mostly a ceremonial role, does exercise some legislative powers. The president is elected for six years and at a maximum for two consecutive terms. The president is the representative of Beldonian state, defender of the constitution and commander-in-chief of the Beldonian armed forces.
The executive and administrative authority in Beldonia is held by the Government of Beldonia (Beldonska Vlada), headed by the Prime Minister and the cabinet. The legislative authority is held by the bicameral Parliament of Beldonia, characterised by an elected legislative lower chamber and a part appointed, part elected upper chamber. The majority of power is vested in the Assembly, which consists of 162 members of which 161 are elected by all citizens in a system of proportional representation, whereas the other single member is the designated speaker, who does not stand for election, until their term has ended. The 1993 – 2008 period was marked by the dominance of the conservative Liberal and Democratic party, which was responsible for finalising the transition from the socialist economy of the previous fifty years. The Prime Minister Milan Kos was the most influential politician of the 90’s and mid 00’s, serving from 1993-2005.
The latter part of the Kos administration focused on the joining of the Egalian League, and the expansion of the Beldonian middle classes to shore up support for the party. The party borrowed to ensure development continued pace, investing heavily in schemes such as the Domje Business District, Waldberg Technology District and airport expansion in Domje and Gora Vas. The world recession of the late 00’s destabilised the Beldonian economy, with interest rates rising and increasingly devalued currency. The Pirjevec Government implemented a number of austerity measures and sweeping cuts to public expenditure, leading to unrest across Beldonia. This combined with increased pressure on the social gains made during the liberalisation era of 1983-1993, finally led to the fall of the Pirjevec Government and the dominance of the Liberal and Social party in 2008.
Judicial powers in Beldonia are executed by judges, who are called to serve by the Bar. Judicial power in Beldonia is implemented by courts with general responsibilities and specialised courts that deal with matters relating to specific legal areas. The State Prosecutor is an independent state authority responsible for prosecuting cases brought against those suspected of committing criminal offences. The Constitutional Court, composed of 12 judges elected for eight year terms, decides on the conformity of laws within the Constitution; all laws and regulations must also conform with the principles of international law and the framework for the E8.
Beldonain State Railways (Beldonske državne železnice) is the state railway company of Beldonia. The first railway in Beldonia was constructed in the 1850s, when Ingerish engineers were invited to Beldonia to construct a line between Domje and Gora Vas. This was extended to Plitvograd in 1854, Gjor in 1858 and Waldberg in 1861. The first international connection was to Drabantia in 1864 followed by Litvania in 1866. This enabled Beldonian travelers to access the Egalian lake and continue their journey via boat trains to XXX and XXXX. Many other railways were built up until the 1920s, including a number of narrow guage railways due to Beldonia’s mountainous terrain. Few lines were built after the 1920s as roads were improved and vehicle sales increased. All building ceased during the XXX regime. After the Years of Attrition, the socialist government implemented a number of rail schemes, including the conversion of some narrow-gauge lines to standard gauge, the electrification of trunk routes, and the construction of a freight railway.
Arts and literature
Radiodifuzijska Družba Beldonije (Ingerlish: Radio-Broadcasting Company of Beldonia) – usually abbreviated to RDB, is Beldonia’s national public broadcasting body. Based in the Port district of Domje, and has regional broadcasting centres in Gjor, Lipava and Waldberg. National radio services operate under the name RDB Radio, whilst television is branded RDB TV. There are currently five national radio stations, with regional opt-outs, which are also available online. RDB also finances the RDB Symphony Orchestra, based in the Imperial Hall.
RDB is the only public nonprofit broadcasting organisation in Beldonia. The law requires that RDB provides a service for the Vaxa region, of which it provides a Kalmish television channel and radio station through Vaxa Fernsehen and VX Rundfunk. Approximately 87% of RDB income is derived from the National Media License.
RDB origins lie in the commercial operation Radio Domje in 1926, founded by the department store chain owners Kairo and Alexander Kopitar. The brothers, wishing to sell imported radios from Ingerland and Kalm, realised that unless there were programmes to listen to, customers would not buy the radios. A small storage room on the top floor of the department store was converted into a studio, and a broadcasting mast affixed to the roof. Radio Domje signed on air for the first time in October 2, 1926 with experimental broadcasts. A schedule of four regular programmes started in early December 1926. Following the consolidation of power by the Balzac regime, the private radio station was taken over by the Ministry of Post, telephones and Information in 1929. Broadcasting was moved to the Ministry building, and a wider reaching transmitter constructed on Lovski Hill. And the service renamed National Information Broadcasting Service (NarodniInformacije oddaja). After the Partisans victory in 1949, the service remained within the reconstituted Ministry and renamed Radio-Broadcasting Company of Beldonia (RDB).
Experimental television transmissions began in 1944, but growing pressure from Partisan resurgence ended the programme. It wasn’t until the spring of 1952 that television experiments were reconvened. Televizjia Beldonija broadcast for the first time in April 1953, with four hours of programming. Two additional radio channels were launched in 1955. Radio Beldonija became Broadcast 1, airing mostly news, information programmes and concerts. Broadcast 2 was launched and covered light entertainment and music.
The first colour broadcasts came for the 1966 Geolympics, though it wasn’t until 1970 that a full colour service was launched. The launch of colour television coincided with the launch of two new channels, Channel 2 (Televizjia Beldonija rebranded to Channel 1) and Vaxa Fernsehen for the Kalmish speaking minority of the Vaxa Region.
Beldonia joined the Ulthean Broadcasting Union (UBU) IN 1973 and debuted in the Ultheovision Song Contest in 1977. Teletext (Teletekst) was launched in 1984 and digitalization of the network began in 1986. Following the liberalization of the Beldonian economy throughout the 1980s, The Ministry of Communication allowed for the creation of independent radio stations on a franchised basis. Following two years of negotiations, 1983 saw the launch of Popular Radio. Until this point RDB had held the sole monopoly over broadcasting in the country. After the successful launch of Popular Radio, the Liberal faction of the Worker’s Party pushed for the creation of an independent television channel. The new channel would be part funded by a new Television License and limited advertising. In response, RDB requested that the organisation be fully disestablished from the Ministry of Communication, to be completed by the time the new channel as to launch in 1988. RDB became an independent corporation with a public service remit on 01 January 1988. The new channel 3. Kanal launched in June of the same year.
After full liberalisation of the economy and dissolution of the Worker’s Party, RDB faced increased competition from commercial channels. In order to better compete, RDB went through a large reorganisation, which included a refocus upon regional and specialism programming. Programme 1 and Programme 2 were relaunched as RDB 1 and RDB 2. Vaxa Fernshen was given greater autonomy within the network, and The first satellite broadcast was delivered in 1995 and the first web portal was launched in the same year. 1999 saw the introduction of a full news website, and RSS feeds were introduced in 2004. Terrestrial broadcasts ended in 2010 with a full switch over to digital television.
RDB Radio’s national radio networks are based in Domje and broadcast in Beldon. They can be heard throughout Beldonia.
RDB Radio 1: A traditional generalist service carrying news and news reports, a variety of specialized broadcasts, and a wide range of music. RDB Radio 2: A youth orientated service with emphasis on current pop, indie and urban music, as well as talk segments and lifestyle reports. RDB Govoriti: A talk-radio orientated service and news reports. RDB Klasično: A cultural service concentrating on classical music, radio drama, and other cultural programming. RDB Šport: A sports orientated service, including live sports and sporting news. Also carries Geolympic coverage.
RDB Radio regional stations are based in regional offcies and RDB TV centres.
Radio Domje Radio Gora Vas Radio Gjor Radio Plitvograd Radio Sofije Radio Novelje VX Rundfunk (Broadcast in Kalmish)
Other radio services: International Radio Beldonia (Mednarodni Radijski Beldonija) based in Gora Vas, heard in various places around Beldonia; for expatriates, tourists, English-speaking Beldonians, and foreigners)
RDB TV operates three national and two regional television services.
RDB 1: A general-interest television service with news, feature films, documentaries, talk shows, series, children's programming, variety shows, and live coverage of significant national events. RDB 2: A more specialized service with programs generally aimed at narrower audiences, sitcoms, a wide range of commercials interrupted by live sports coverage. RDB Novice: Specialised 24 hour news channel. RDB Skupščina: Live broadcasts of National Assembly business and committees
There are regional RDB TV centres located in Gora Vas, Gjor and Plitvograd that provide local news aggregation and opt out segments for daily news. RDB TV Studios provides the regional opt out for Domje. The centres provide some limited regional programming. Vaxa Fersehen based in Waldberg provides a full service in Kalmish and retains autonomy from the rest of the RDB network, but does show some dubbed RDB TV content.
The longest running show on RDB is Aktualne Noivce (Ing: Current News) is a Beldonian national television news service produced by the editorial staff of RDB Novice. The main edition of the programme is aired at 18:30 on RDB 1. It is also simulcast on RDB Novice. Broadcasts can also be watched live on the internet via RDBgo and internationally on ViewTube.
Aktualne Novice is the oldest and most watched new programme on Beldonian television. The first edition was transmitted on Televizjia Beldonija on 10 September 1952. Initially broadcast three times a week, the programme expanded to five days in 1955 and six days in 1957. The Sunday edition, originally titled Tedenski Pregled (Weekly roundup) began in 1962. The evening edition of Aktualne Novice is watched by up to 1.80 million viewers, equivalent to a 35% audience reach. Currently, the bulletin is produced by RDB Novice for RDB TV and broadcast from its studios in Domje. The main 30-minute bulletin is broadcast 18:30 WUT+5 each evening with shorter bulletins broadcast throughout the day. The bulletin is followed by a 25 minute regional news broadcast corresponding to the four broadcast regions, plus the Domje capital region, followed by a five minute weather bulletin until 19:30. This marks the beginning of prime-time on RDB and other channels. The programme’s trademark continues to be the countdown clock, followed by the triple chime. The Aktualne Novice theme music has remained the same since 1977, although the arrangement has been modernised several times. (Current News), having been first broadcast in 1952. Though initially more of a newsreel style broadcast, it evolved into a full news programme once new studios were built in 1955. Aktualne Noivce broadcasts daily at 09:00, 12:30, 18:30 and 21:30, except on Sundays when the evening bulletin is shown at 19:00. Other long running programmes include the quarterly variety show Cirkus (Circus) which draws in large numbers and often showcases well known international acts. Vsak dan v tednu (Every day of the Week) a soap opera set in the fictional Domje Pannel-house district of Novo Polje. Quiz show Kaj je to? (What’s that?) and current affairs programme Dejstvo (Fact).
Typical daily schedule for the Domje broadcast region: Wednesday 10 July 2019
06:00-09:00 Novice za zajtrk (Breakfast News) – News (Simulcast on RDB Novice) 09:00-09:30 Aktualne Novice (Current News) – News 09:30-11:00 Dobro jutro Beldonija (Good Morning Beldonia) - Magazine 11:00-12:00 Opozorilo potrošnikov! (Consumer Alert!) – Factual 12:00-12:20 Aktualne Novice (Current News) – News 12:20-12:30 Novice Domje (News Domje) (Regional opt-out) 12:30-12:35 Vreme (Weather) 12:35-13:00 Politika danes (Politics Today) – Politics (Simulcast on RDB Skupščina) 13:00-13:30 Siefenstraße - Kalmish Soap opera (subt.) 13:30-14:30 Podeželje (Countryside) – Lifestyle 14:30-16:30 Mudr on the Al-Kaza Express - Archantian Film (dub.) 16:30-17:00 Kolo denarja (Wheel of Money) – Gameshow 17:00-17:30 Zlato ali staro? (Gold or old?) – Gameshow 17:30-18:00 Mates - New Ingerland Soap opera (subt.) 18:00-18:30 Revija (Magazine) – Lifestyle & Magazine 18:30-19:00 Aktualne Novice (Current News) – News 19:00-19:25 Novice Domje (News Domje) - Regional opt-out 19:25-19:30 Vreme (Weather) 19:30-20:00 Vsak dan v tednu (Every day of the Week)- Soap opera 20:00-20:30 Odleteti stran (Fly Away) – Lifestyle 20:30-21:30 Medicinska nujnost (Medical Emergency) - Medical drama 21:30-21:50 Aktualne Novice (Current News) – News 21:50-21:55 Novice Domje (News Domje) - Regional opt-out 21:55-22:00 Vreme (Weather) 22:00-22:30 Smeh ali jok (Laugh or cry) – Comedy drama 22:30-23:00 Kriminal klic (Criminal call) – Factual 23:00-00:35 Življenje Anje (Life of Anje) – Film 00:35-06:00 Novice (News) - (Simulcast from RDB Novice)
Aktualne Noivce Aktualne Noivce (Ing: Current News) is a Beldonian national television news service produced by the editorial staff of RDB Novice. The main edition of the programme is aired at 18:30 on RDB 1. It is also simulcast on RDB Novice. Broadcasts can also be watched live on the internet via RDBgo and internationally on ViewTube. Aktualne Novice is the oldest and most watched new programme on Beldonian television. The first edition was transmitted on Televizjia Beldonija on 10 September 1952. Initially broadcast three times a week, the programme expanded to five days in 1955 and six days in 1957. The Sunday edition, originally titled Tedenski Pregled (Weekly roundup) began in 1962. The evening edition of Aktualne Novice is watched by up to 1.80 million viewers, equivalent to a 35% audience reach. Currently, the bulletin is produced by RDB Novice for RDB TV and broadcast from its studios in Domje. The main 30-minute bulletin is broadcast 18:30 WUT+5 each evening with shorter bulletins broadcast throughout the day. The bulletin is followed by a 25 minute regional news broadcast corresponding to the four broadcast regions, plus the Domje capital region, followed by a five minute weather bulletin until 19:30. This marks the beginning of prime-time on RDB and other channels. The programme’s trademark continues to be the countdown clock, followed by the triple chime. The Aktualne Novice theme music has remained the same since 1977, although the arrangement has been modernised several times.
|Member states of the Egalian Union|