Broceliande

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Principalty of Broceliande
Principauté de Brocéliande
Flag
Flag
Motto:
"Avec le Prince et pour le Peuple"
With the Prince and for the People
CapitalValoris
Largest cityValoris
Official languagesFranquese
GovernmentParliamentary Monarchy
 • PrincePrince Guillaume IV
 • ConsulMaran Savenay
LegislatureSénat
Area
 • Total32 000 km2
Population
 • Estimate (2015)12 000 000
HDI (2014)Increase 0.887
very high
Timezone+1
CurrencyEcu (E)
Drives on theright
Internet TLD.bc

Broceliande (officially: Principauté de Brocéliande) is a country in southern Tarephia. It counts about 12 million inhabitants.

Geography

Broceliande is about 32 000 Km²

The country is mainly mountainous with wide costal plains and long valleys.

Originally, the whole country was covered by a dense rain forest.

History

Early history

The first Franquese settlers arrived on the southern coast of Broceliande around 1150 near the today city of Caumartin on what was an almost empty land. Valoris was founded in 1250 and gave the settlers a position that let them control both the southern and northern coast.

Between 1200 and 1350 the Valor family managed to unify the Principality. Polignac, Troie and Périgan remained the only Franquese territories out of the Valor control. In 1550, the Illion kingdom became independent and the name “Broceliande” was chosen.

Broceliande managed to remain independent during its whole history. Ingerish and Castellanese attempts remained unsuccessful.


1785-1790 : The Illion War and the fall of Troie

1790-1840 : Ardoin Trade League

After 1840 : International Neutrality

Modern political history

The 1835 Revolution

tbd


L’acte noir de 1837 (1837 Black act)

After the black community demonstrations, riots and strikes of 1835-1836 and 1837, Prince Henri decided the introduction of a “Black Act” which had no consequences on the 1835 constitution. This decision appeared as a compromise and received a good reception by the black community.

The black act led to the creation of the Black Assembly, elected every 5 years by black male citizens. The assembly was located in Latrey. The black assembly had more or less the same powers and prerogatives as the Valoris Senate, applied to the black community. It had its own budget but no powers on international decisions, police, and land use.

This led to the development of a second national body of laws leading to complex situations.

In 1889, The Valoris Senate and the Black Assembly voted together a package of measures in order to ensure uniformity and consistency in decision-making in general law.


1899-1901: The Draband war

  • A surprise attack


  • Defeated on the land, victorious on the seas


  • Treaty of Périgan

The Treaty of Perigan (Franquese: Traité de Périgan) was the peace treaty that brought Draband's war to an end. It was signed on 21 June 1901 in Périgan, two years after the beginning of the war by the Prince Henri of Broceliande and King Umberto of Compaglia.

The treaty stripped Broceliande of 6200 km2 of territory and 1.5 million people. All the Midi Islands remained in Broceliande. River Menange was recognised by both countries as the new international border.

During the few mounths following the treaty signature, 700,000 people left Draband to Broceliande causing a major housing issue in Belleville, Saint-Waast and on several Midi islands.

1915-1919: a time of instability

tbd


The 1919 Constitution

The 1919 constitution had been adopted by the September 4th referendums (yes at 57% in the white college, yes at 92% in the black college) after the Holy-Friday cease-fire. These two referendums were the last election organized under the 1837 colleges system.

New Princess Eugénie presented the new constitution as “la constitution de l’égalité” (Equity Constitution): all its principles were written to guarantee equity between all the Broceliande citizens. The main evolutions in comparison with 1835-1837 constitution are:

  • Introduction of universal suffrage (men, women, blacks, whites and mixed people) for every election, abolition of the back college and of the white college;
  • Abolition of the several assemblies and election of a unique national senate every 6 years;
  • Secularism of all the national institutions especially schools and hospitals which were under the responsibility of the Church;
  • Preservation of the Prince rights and prerogatives;
  • Reinforcement of the municipalities prerogatives
  • Evolution of the Valoris city status


The 1919 constitution had several other consequences in the Broceliande law:

  • Women Equity Act (1922 State-Court decision leading to a Senate-Act in 1923)
  • Criminalization of all kind of discrimnations based on race, religion and sexual orientation (1927 State-Court decision, 1929 Senate Act);
  • marriage equity (1991 State-Court decision, 1993 Senate Act);


The 1919 constitution is still effective.

List of reigning monarchs since 1816

Name Consort (wife / husband) Date of birth Date of coronation Date of death Comments
Prince Henri Princesse Anne 1788 1816 1847 signed the first democratic constitution (1835)
Prince Guillaume II Princesse Marie-Hèlène 1819 1847 1852
Princesse Louise Prince Philippe 1843 1852 1897
Prince Louis Princesse Marie-Thérèse 1868 1897 1906 Monarch during the Draband war
Prince Guillaume III / 1891 1906 1919 Abdicated in 1919 for his younger sister during the revolution
Princesse Eugénie Prince Thomas 1895 1919 1948 Signed the 1919 constitution. Last monarch to direclty influence political affairs
Prince Charles IV Princesse Claudia 1921 1948 1983
Prince Jean III Prince Yves 1948 1983 2014 Openly gay. Married his husband in 1994
Prince Guillaume IV Princesse Caroline 1981 2014 - Became prince after the death of his uncle Jean

Prince Guillaume IV and his wife have two daughters. Hélène (born 2009) is the heir presumptive.

The Prince and his family are patron of of over 500 organisations and charities.

Population

The population of Broceliande is approximately 12 million.

Broceliande has a high density population, principally on the northern and southern coasts and around the capital in the center of the country. The population is now highly urbanized. The main urban area is the Métropole de Troie-Charleville-Sansévérina before Valoris and Belleville.

1.5 million additional Broceliande citizens live in Compaglia, mainly in the province of Dranband (the Drabandins). They are the descendants of the people who remained in Draband after the Treaty of Périgan. The Drabandins have a Broceliande passeport, they are free to work and study in Broceliande but the can't participate to elections.

Popbro.png

Ethnicity

According to the 2010 general census, 65% of the Broceliande inhabitants describe themselves as "white", about 20% as "black" (mainly on the northern coast and in Valoris) and 15% as "mixed".

Language

The official language of Broceliande is Franquese (Article 4 of the 1919 Constitution), which all of the population speaks. It is the only language used in newspapers, radio, television, education and for business and administrative purposes.

Education

Broceliande guarantees universal, secular and free-of-charge public education for all levels. Responsibility for educational supervision is organized by the state.

Schools have been under the reponsibility of municpalities since 1919. Before they were under the responsibilty of the Church.

Education has been mandatory for every child until 14 years old since 1871, until 16 years old since 1964.

The biggest University and oldest of Brocéliande is "Université De Valoris". "Université de Belleville" is ranked among the best universities worldwide and hosts numerous foreign students.

Religion

Roman Catholicism is the country's predominant faith.

About 50% of the population followed Roman Catholicism; 10% Protestantism; 10% Judaism; 1% other religions; while 29% have no religion. According to a poll in 2009, the people of broceliande were found to have one of the the highest level of religious tolerance and to be the country where the highest proportion of the population defines its identity primarily in term of nationality and not religion.

Society

Broceliande has a quite diverse population. Discriminations have decreased since the beginning of the 20th century.

LGBT community

A rainbow flag over the Miramar beach in Troie
The Rainbow path of Valoris
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) rights in Brocéliande have been seen as traditionally liberal. Although same-sex sexual activity was a capital crime that often resulted in the death penalty before 1835, all sodomy laws were repealed in 1837 after the Revolution.

Brocéliande was one of the first country in the world to recognize same-sex marriage in 1993, notably thanks to the Prince Jean III who was openly gay. Laws prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity were enacted in 1962 and 1979, respectively. Transgender individuals are allowed to change their legal gender and in 2001. Since 2014, transgender people have been allowed to change their legal gender without undergoing surgery or receiving any medical diagnosis.

Valoris and Troie has been named by many publications as ones of the most gay friendly cities in the world with Les Coteaux and Les Petits-Champs in Valoris and Miramar in Troie. These areas have a thriving LGBT community and nightlife. La Rumba, a night club located on rue Mazérieux in Valoris is the oldest gay club of Broceliande and one of the oldest in Tarephia.

The main annual LGBT events are the pride week in Troie (first week of august) and the LGBTQ+ movie festival of Valoris (november). The Valoris Pride takes place in June.

Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender individuals are allowed to serve openly in the Armed Forces.

Government

Broceliande has been a parliamentary monarchy for 180 years (1835 revolution and 1919 constitution) with a pluralist multi-party system. Before 1835, the Prince and its government concentrated most of the power and there were no free elections.

Today, the senate has 401 members elected every 6 years. It is located in Valoris on Parliament hill [1].

The head of the government is the Consule,


Prince's rights and prerogatives

Broceliande is a constitutional monarchy in which the reigning monarch (that is, the Prince or Princess) does not make many open political decisions. All political decisions are taken by the government and Senate.

The monarch, currently Prince Guillaume IV, is the head of state but not the head of government. The monarch takes little part in governing the country, and should remain neutral in political affairs. In many areas the Prince(ss) also possesses a body of powers known as the Droits et Prérogatives du Prince (Prince's rights and Prerogatives), which can be used for many purposes, mainly during times of war or civil crises. Prince's rights and Prerogatives are described in the 1919 constitution.

The last time a Prince expressed direct political views was in 1982 during the Villemain scandal.

The monarch is:

  • Head of state of Broceliande,
  • Prince of Broceliande,
  • King of Illion,
  • Prince of Polignac,
  • Mayor of Valoris, since 1812 most of its powers on the city are delegated to the Maire en Second who is elected by the citizens of the city,
  • CEO of the Chemins de Fer du Prince, the national railways company,
  • President of the National Horsing Institute,
  • President of the National Veterinary Schools,
  • President of the Sciences Academy,


Senate

The current composition of the senate results of the 2016 general elections. It led to the formation of a PSB/Ecolos/Démocrates government.

Composition du Sénat de la Principauté de Brocéliande à la suite des élections générales de juin 2016
Senat2013.png
   Force Ouvrière (FO) : 8 seats
   Parti Communiste de Brocéliande (PCB) : 22 seats
   Parti Socialiste de Brocéliande (PSB) : 151 seats
   Les Ecolos : 21 seats
   Les Démocrates : 56 seats
   Union des Libéraux (UL) : 41 seats
   Rassemblement Populaire (RP) : 91 seats
   Front pour Brocéliande (FB) : 11 seats

Administrative divisions

The seven provinces
Province's codes appear on licence plates (here examples of Illion and Valoris)

Broceliande is divided in 7 provinces. Each province is divided in municipalities.


Name Code Capital Population Area (km²) Density
Arvergne AR Bourg-Depin 1 million 1,782
Iles du Midi MI Tassia 0.5 million
Illion IL Troie 3.5 million
Médard ME Saint-Waast 0.5 million
Normanie NO Latrey 1.8 million 13,716
Occidanie OC Belleville 2.6 million
Valoris Capitale VA Valoris 2.5 million 893



Outside of the Valoris-Capitale municipalities, the 12 most populous municipalities are :

Rank Name Location Population Area (km²) Density
1 Valoris-Capitale [2] 3,250,000 893,45 Km² 3,638 hab/Km²
2 Belleville [3] 1,250,000 148,9 Km² 8,395 hab/Km²
3 Troie [4] 500,000 82,8 Km² 6,040 hab/Km²
4 Sansévérina [5] 450,000 40,9 Km² 11,002 hab/Km²
5 Latrey [6] 420,000
6 Charleville [7] 330,000 37,5 Km² 8,800 hab/Km²
7 Bourg-Depin [8]
8 Mégare [9]
9 Saint-Waast [10] 145,000 19,44 Km² 7,458 hab/Km²
10 Villerville [11]
11 Polignac [12] 98,000 14,53 Km² 6,744 hab/Km²
12 Beaulieu [13] 96,000 12,9 Km² 7,380 hab/Km²

International organizations

Broceliande is a member of the Assembly of Nations. It is not a member of the Tarephia Cooperation Council (rejected by referundum in 1998).

For details about embassies and international representations, see here.

Economy

Broceliande has a diversified market economy.

Currency

Ecu (E) is the only currency used in Broceliande. It circulates in all the provinces. Ecu is produced by the Banque Nationale de Broceliande located the Valoris-Capitale province. It comprises coins of 1, 2 and 5 Ecus and 5, 10, 20, 50 centimes and notes of 10, 20, 50 and 100 Ecus.

Tourism

Broceliande is ranked among the main tourist destination in the world. Broceliande features cities of high cultural interest, beaches, seaside resorts and rural regions.

Thanks to its climate, the country is an attractive destination all year round. Tourism infrastructures are generally good and easily accessible from an international airport or port. Some areas (Polignac, Lympie island[14] or Sirmon[15]) are specialized in the luxury tourism market.

The most visited areas are Valoris, Troie and the Troyan Riviera, Iles du Midi, the rural regions and the cliffs of Normanie.

The southern coast and its many islands is an important destination for cruise ships.

In 2015, the country hosted around 35 million tourists, which is about 2.7 times its national population (32 million in 2014). Tourism represents 15% to 20% of Broceliande’s GDP.


Transportation

Transportation in Broceliande relies on one of the densest networks in Tarephia. It is built as a web with Valoris at its center.


Airports and airlines

There are several airports in Broceliande among which four provide international destinations:

The national airline company is Brocelair (main hub in Valoris-Maillot and TCS).

There are only two national relations : Tassia-TCS and Tassia-Valoris.

Ports and ferry links

The country counts numerous ferry links espacially in the Midi Islands. The main port for passengers is Tassia.


Railways

The first railway line linked Valoris with Sansévérina in 1855. Railroads are operated by Chemins de Fer du Prince. The railway system is a small portion of total travel, accounting for less than 15% of passenger travel.

From 1985 onwards, a newly constructed high-speed line linked Valoris to Sansévérina. A new high-speed line is planned between Valoris and Belleville.

Trains, unlike road traffic, drive on the left.

There are no railways in the Midi Islands.


Metro

Three cities in Broceliande currently have metro (rapid transit) service. Full metro systems are in operation in Valoris and Belleville. A light metro system is in use in Latrey.

Roads and Motorways

Broceliande has a good road network. The country is believed to be one of the most car dependent countries in Tarephia . In 2005, 80% of vehicle kilometres were travelled by car and buses.

There are no toll roads in Broceliande.

List of Motorways :

Name Start (Km 0) Finish Length (Km) Construction Comments
A0 Valoris Valoris xx 1959-1971 Valoris Ring
A1 Valoris Troie 1951-1966 Named "Voie Expresse Ville-Marie" in Troie
A2 Valoris Belleville 1958-1967
A3 Valoris Latrey 1961-1987
A4 Valoris Saint-Yves 1974-1978
A5 A7 (Belleville) A20 (Belleville) 1962-1968 Belleville Ring
A6 Belleville A1 (Gorange) 1978-1985
A7 Belleville A1 (Camard) 1969-1974 A7a and A7b in Belleville
A8 A0 (Maillot) Laplacée (frontière) 1974-1999
A9 Troie Rochebrune (frontière) 1954-1962 Named "Voie Expresse Littoral" in Troie
A10 A1 (Paray) Rochembeau 1972-1978
A11 A1 (Vigors) A2 (XXX) 1980-1984
A12 Belleville Mégare 1968-1987
A15 A1 (Parcourt) A51 (Rochetaillée) 1984-1989
A20 Belleville Saint-Waast (Frontière) 1964-1969
A21 A2 (XX) Saint-Waast 1981-1985
A40 XX (frontière) Villerville (frontière) 1972-1980
A61 A6 (Bourg-Depin) A7 (Maisons-Garon) 1975-1978
A86 A2 (XXX) A3 (XXX) 1975-1978
A601 A61 (Bourg-Depin) A6 (Bourg-Depin) 1976-1970
A701 A7 (Charleville) Charleville 1969-1971 Access to central Charleville
A720 A7 (Combourg) Sansévérina 1972-1974 Access to central Sansévérina
A901 A1 (Troie) A9 (La Croix-Valmer) 1974-1979 A1-A9 junction
VE-VB A1 (Troie) A9 (Beaulieu) 1958-1962 A1-A9 junction named "Voie Expresse Van-Büren"



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