Kojo Hyengshō Sanan
|Kojo Hyengshō Sanan|
|Type||Private company, majority state-owned|
|Traded as||Pyingshum Stock Exchange|
|Industry||Railway infrastructure and transport|
|Area Served||Kojo and environs|
|KHS Dyanshō (long-distance)|
|KHS-Kibō, KHS-Kágal, KHS-Dyong, KHS-Limbē (regional north, center, east, west)|
Kojo Hyengshō Sanan ("Kojo Railway Company") is a private joint-stock company with most of the stocks being held by the Republic of Kojo and a few by private entities. The subsidiaries responsible for rail infrastructure are required by law to be under full government control. Its main services include the IC and CC high speed train services, the more regionally operating KCP and KC rail network, some night trains and seasonal long-distance car trains called KHS Smart Traveller, and general rail cargo transportation (KHS Cargo).
- 1 Long Distance: IC and CC
- 2 Regional: KCP, KCS and KC
- 3 Corporate Structure
- 4 Membership Cards
- 5 Other services
- 6 Trivia
Long Distance: IC and CC
The IC (InterCity) is Kojo Hyengshō Sanan's high-speed intercity transportation service. Its THC carriages run on tracks mostly separate from other railway traffic; only on minor branches they share tracks with either regional or freight trains. All but one IC service run to and from the capital Pyingshum. The IC reaches top-speeds of up to 320 km/h in regular operation. The network is of highest importance for the connectivity between major urban areas in Kojo.
The IC is supplemented by the CC (CityConnect) network, also connecting smaller urban centres to the high-speed network as well as offering more direct routes. Those services use older rolling stock, and usually share railroads with regional and freight trains. On dedicated IC tracks, they can still reach 250 km/h.
Pyingshum, as the nations capital and largest city, is the most important hub for high-speed rail, and features three far-distance railway stations: Aku-Dyanchezi, Kibō-Dyanchezi and Limbē-Dyanchezi.
The following table shows all IC Services in Kojo:
|IC 1||Pyingshum ADC, PSM Int. Airport, Kahyuemgúchi, Leshfyomi-sul, Púlmaerong ZC (Kippa), Kippa ZC, Láoféi, Kimelíngsan-shu, Jaka Kayaran||1 h||(3+3)||-/-|
|IC 1 E||Pyingshum ADC, Kippa ZC, Jaka Kayaran||1 h||(4S+4)||-/-|
|IC 2||Ataraxie-Ville, Marbella, Ántibes,||Finkyáse, Zúkshi (Fóskiman h.), Womenlū, Hetta, Jaka Kayaran, Ojufyeng, Arákkanai, (Ekkisom - Almun Alchakkya IC), Kwaengdō ZC,||Kwaengdō Shaddóti||1 h||(3+4S)||-/-|
|Zúkshi (Cheryuman h.), Tsuyenji||1 h|
|IC 3||Pyingshum ADC, PSM Int. Airport , Kahyuemgúchi, Nároggul, Igilaē, Womenlū, Zúkshi (Fóskiman h.), Finkyáse,||Marbella, Ataraxie-Ville||1 h||(4+4)||-/-|
|IC 3 E||Pyingshum ADC, Finkyáse, Ataraxie-Ville||1 h||(4S+4S)||-/-|
|IC 4||Pyingshum KDC, Formajiá, Īme Abuchezi, Wenzū, Yoyomi, (Ekkisom - Almun Alchakkya IC), Kwaengdō ZC, (Kwaengdō Shaddóti)||1 h||(3+3)||-/-|
|IC 4 E||Pyingshum KDC, Yoyomi, Kwaengdō ZC,||Zúkshi (Cheryuman h.), Tsuyenji||1 h||(4S+4)||-/-|
|Kwaengdō Shaddóti||1 h||(4S+4)||-/-|
|IC 5||Pyingshum ADC, PSM Int. Airport, Kahyuemgúchi, Leshfyomi-sul, Púlmaerong ZC (Kippa), Kippa ZC, Tamrong, Hetta, Womenlū, Zúkshi (Fóskiman h.), Finkyáse||1 h||2N||-/-|
|IC 5 E||Pyingshum ADC, Kippa ZC, Hetta, Womenlū, Finkyáse||1 h||2N||-/-|
|IC 6||Pyingshum KDC||(Makalasueng), Busakyueng ZC||1 h||(3+3)||-/-|
|(Makalasueng), Busakyueng Limbē, Nainmijaeuel, Góhomi||1 h||(4+4)||-/-|
|IC 7||Pyingshum KDC, (Formajiá), (Īme Abuchezi), Wenzū, Yoyomi, Kari, Toefyei||1 h||(3+3), (4+4)||-/-|
|IC 8||Pyingshum KDC, (Formajiá), (Īme Abuchezi), Wenzū, Rō, Arákkanai||30 min||2N||-/-|
|IC 9||Pyingshum LDC, Oreppyo, Kōnil, Manlung||1 h||2N||-/-|
The following table lists all CC services in Kojo:
|CC 20||Oreppyo, Nároggul, Púlmaerong ZC (Kippa), Kippa ZC, Kippa Akuchezi, Wenzū, Yoyomi||1 h||(1N+1N)||-/-|
|CC 30||Fenelec, Geryong, Palda, Oreppyo, Pyingshum LDC||Kibō-Kōsa Chezi (Pyingshum), Makalasueng, Busakyueng ZC||3 h||2, (1N+1N)||-/-|
|CC 40||Busakyueng ZC, Tarappel-Finglyúson, Formajiá, PH, Púlmaerong ZC (Kippa), Kippa ZC, Kippa Akuchezi||1 h||(1N+1N)||-/-|
|CC 42||Toribiri, Namel Pyuraha,||Zuede-Fuwō Dōzi (Pyingshum), Sújoshí, Kimaéchul, Púlmaerong ZC (Kippa), Kippa ZC, Kippa Akuchezi||1 h||2||-/-|
|Pyingshum LDC||1 h||2||-/-|
|CC 51||Unzai, Línai, Tinglyū, Īme Takyoechezi, Púlmaerong ZC (Kippa), Kippa ZC, Kippa Akuchezi||1 h||1N||-/-|
|CC 52||Jaka Kayaran, Ojufyeng, Arákkanai, Yoyomi, Kari, Toefyei, Tsuyenji||1 h||(1N+1N)||Single traction YYM-TSU|
|CC 53||Pyingshum ADC, Sújoshí, Kimaéchul, Púlmaerong ZC (Kippa), Kippa ZC, Kippa Akuchezi, Rō, Arákkanai||2 h||1N||-/-|
|CC 60||Pyingshum KDC, Kibō-Kōsa Chezi (Pyingshum), Makalasueng, Busakyueng Limbē, Unzai||2 h||2||-/-|
|CC 70||Pyingshum KDC, Dyong Hyengkōsa Dōzi (Pyingshum), Tarappel-Finglyúson, Línai||2 h||2||-/-|
|CC 71||Pyingshum LDC, Zuede-Fuwō Dōzi (Pyingshum), (PH), Chin-Jōrin, Shangmē||1 h||1N, 2||-/-|
|CC 80||Geryong, Manlung, Jippun, Finkyáse||1 h||2||-/-|
|THC 1||THC 1N||THC 2||THC 2N||THC 3||THC 4||THC 4S|
Kojo Hyengshō Sanan (KHS) employs similar rolling stock as the Ataraxian COFAX. These THC trains (Ataraxian: Train à Haute Céléritém Kojolese: Tōsoryokku Huwochē) are manufactured by the binational train manufacturer CAR, whose research facilities and production plants are to be found on both sides of the border. This cooperation has proven very helpful in establishing international train services between the two countries. The table to the right lists the types and numer of THC trains used on KHS's IC and CC routes during service, excluding a buffer of vehicles for maintenances etc. These values are estimates, as special events or technical difficulties with rolling stock might demand more flexible use of resources. Double tractions are counted as two separate trains.
Classes of Travel
Most seats on the IC and CC are standard 2nd class. There are 4 seats per row and no on-seat service, but passengers are free to enjoy a meal or purchase a coffee or snack in the restaurant carriage. WiFi and power outlets have been universally available on all IC seats since 2013, and are becoming more and more common on CC trains as well.
The 1st class sections are usually positioned between the restaurant carriage and the end of the train. They feature wider seats (three instead of four seats per row), more leg room, on-seat service and other small amenities. Also, at large railway stations 1st class passengers have access to premium lounges and fast-lane customer service.
On a few selected routes, KHS offers the exquisite Suéperyoer class (Supérieur in Ataraxian branding). In that section, passengers are attended to by designated personnel. The seats can be turned freely to face each other, and all have an integrated, removable working space. Every seat is a window seat and spaced generously, creating an atmosphere closer to that of a hotel lobby than that of a train. In addition to the premium facilities available to first class passengers, Suéperyoer passengers are offered luggage service and all-round attendance at the railway stations in Pyingshum, Finkyáse, Ataraxie-Ville, Yoyomi, Kwaengdō and Tsuyenji, including a shuttle service to and from the station. Suéperyoer seats are available on THC 4 coaches marked with an "S".
Fares and Ticketing
Tickets bound for a specific train always include a mandatory seat reservation. Flexible tickets can be used for one connection at any time on that given day, as can customers using the unlimited platinum card.
The pricing system is relation based, with every point-to-point connection manually being given a standard price, without regard to how the booked connection runs between these two stops.
This standard price is seldomly the actual fare; there are early-booking incentives with prices increasing as the number of available seats shrinks. The first 10% of seats in a gicen travelling class are sold at a 66% discount, the next 10% at 50%, the third decile sells at 40% discount and so on. Only the last 30% of seats are sold at the full "standard" price. As a result, journeys around noon are usually cheaper than the same journey in the morning or evening, when demand is higher.
Standard 1st class-prices are around two thirds more than 2nd class, and Suéperyoer seats sell at 7 times the price of a second class seat, with an additional surcharge for station shuttling service.
In some areas, customers can use CC services between specific stations at the cost of regional trains.
Current and future expansions
There is construction ongoing for a new section between Rō and Arákkanai via a Belfe bypass. Currently, IC trains from Rō and CC trains from Kippa to Arákkanai have to share the very bendy tracks with slower regional and freight trains.
The CC between Pyingshum and Kippa on the eastern Kime-river shore has already been sped up by sections of dedicated track in the past, with further enhancing and separation from other rail traffic being planned.
Regional: KCP, KCS and KC
The Kūyú-chegicha (Regional Rail) is the lowest national class of train; it stops at most settlements with railway halts, and sometimes works similar to an S-Bahn or similar mass transit networks in urban areas. With few exceptions, the maximum speed for these trains is 120 km/h.
The Kūyú-chegicha Papáchē (Regional Rail Express) is the express variant of the slower KC. It doesn't stop at every halt along its route, but nevertheless accesses many rural regions otherwise not serviced by the IC or CC. It's also used for inter-city travel between close cities, since fares are cheaper as the high-speed variants. On a small number of lines this service runs at up to 180 km/h, however usually 160 km/h is the upper limit.
In a couple of agglomerations, most notably around Pyingshum, where travel demand is very asymetrical and involves long journey times for distant commuters, there is a third, hybrid type of regional rail, the Kūyú-chegicha Soémipapáchē (KCS). Those semi-express trains run with a KC stopping pattern before reaching a usually fairly large town in the wider commuter area of the core city, where they then change into express trains that continue to the larger commuter center with much fewer stops on the way. That way, distant commuters from small towns and villages don't need to change trains or take a slow local train all the way to their destination. Also, a high express-train-frequency is maintained between major towns in the commuter area and the core city.
The regional services' pricing scheme is independent from long-distance services (IC and CC) and differs across Kojo. Usually, for any given area in Kojo, one of the three following situations applies:
- No local unified tariff area; mostly in rural areas, where KHS is the only (major) provider of public transportation services (usually besides some municipal bus lines). Faring usually follows a relation-based model or other local approaches. Examples include wide areas of the sparsely inhabited west, mountain valleys in the north or Wāfyeíkko-iki (without Toefyei) in the east.
- Unified tariff area excluding KHS services; in these cases, a city and its surrounding lay in a municipally organised tariff area, where local transit tickets are accepted by all operators (for example both in busses and trams as well as the metro) except KHS services, such as KC and KCP. This is usually the case where the regional railway services bring in passengers mostly from places outside the commuter area, and are not intended for inner-city commuting. Examples are Pyingshum and Jaka. Both cities feature non-KHS owned and operated heavy rail services that connect even some distant suburbs to the city centre, and KHS lines only stop two or three times inside the city boundaries before terminating at one of the terminus stations, which makes them interesting for long-distance commuters. In such areas, KHS is not obligated to act in accordance with those tariff areas, but usually sets up its own local pricing scheme in a way that ensures that parallel routes to local mass transit are slightly more expensive than the slower network to avoid overcrowding yet still attract some solvent inner-city passengers, while staying attractive to long-distance commuters.
- Integrated unified tariff area; this applies to cities where KHS's regional rail services function as an integral part of the city's local public transportation network. Most urban areas operate this way, especially where the local mass-transit (like the Ésubān in Kippa is operated by KHS as well. In those integrated areas, every kind of public transit (except the IC and CC) falls under the local unified pricing and ticketing scheme, usually based either on distance, fare zones or travel time.
KHS has four regional subdivisions responsible for the daily operation of regional trains, local transit and freight trains. They are Kibō (North, incl. Pyingshum-iki, Kyoélnain-iki, Nainchok-iki, and north-eastern Chin'yaku-iki, HQ in Pyingshum near Kibō-Dyanchezi), Kágal (Center, incl. Gyoéng'guffe-iki, Pacchipyan-iki, eastern Fóskiman-iki, and central and western Chin'yaku-iki, HQ in Kippa near Kippa Zóngchezi), Dyong (East, incl. Cheryuman-iki, Degyáhin-iki, Wāfyeíkko-iki, Rō-iki, HQ in Kwaengdō near Kwaengdō Zóngchezi), and Limbē (Lainyerō-iki, Sappaér-iki, western Fóskiman-iki, HQ in Manlung near Manlung Zóngchezi with a secondary HQ in Finkyáse).
There are 4 membership types with KHS; Bronze Card, Silver Card, Gold Card and Unlimited Card (Platinum).
Bronze Card members enjoy minor benefits, such as slightly prolonged early-booking discounts and an easy online overview over their travel history as well as access to some seasonal limited offers. This membership is for free, and is held by nearly all costumers who travel by train on a regular basis.
The Silver Status grants a global discount of 25% on all bookings made with KHS, and costs 2,500 Zubi per year for 2nd, and 5,000 for 1st class (for certain groups reduced price, 2nd class: 1,800 Z). This membership is often temporarily given away for free for 3 test months to attract new regular customers in the long run.
The Gold Card grants the same type permanent discount at 50% (excluding the very early booking discounts and Suéperyoer class, where it only lowers prices by 25% as well), at a cost of 10,250 Zubi for 2nd, 20,500 Zubi for 1st class. The 2nd class Gold Card grants access to regular 1st class customer services at railway stations.
The prestigious Unlimited Card, or Platinum Card, allows for unlimited travel on all KHS trains. The price for the 2nd class version is 98,000 Zubi for one year, 1st class comes at a price of 185,000 Zubi.
If not prolonged, memberships just devolve into a standard Bronze membership until upgraded again.
There are a handful of regular night lines, operating around once to four times a week, which are focused on serving travel demands from one end of the country to another or to neighbouring countries. The sleeping carriages are constantly refurbished, which makes it an attractive alternative to travelling in the day and spending an additional day in an hotel even to middle income tourists.
There are some seasonal car train services to popular holiday connections in neighbouring countries.
KHS Smart Traveller
During winter, sommer, and special holidays, KHS offers some additional, slower long-distance connections from across the country to particularly sought-after destinations. These train sets are usually used for regional services during non-holiday season. They go across the country, collecting passengers at many in-between stops in the early morning, and then continue to their destination where passengers can usually deboard in the afternoon or evening. This product is targeting mostly young and less financially affluent customers.
KHS's cargo subsidiary offers a wide range transport services; due to the comparatively small size of the country in regards to long distance freight trains, many of these connect either the harbours in the south with the forests and mines in the north or the gravel pits in the west, or extend to neighbouring countries in the east and west.
- The prestigious Platinum cards are included in the remuneration for members of parliament.