|6, -51.172, 64.578|
|The Byri Empire of the Kalisaanyo|
Himbratura Byeriya den la Kalisaanya
and largest city
|• Regional languages||Ingerish|
|Government||Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy|
|• Monarch||Ariyenna VII|
|• Secretary General||Irowa Seizonyava|
|• Upper house||Josofureniya Sesika (Nobles House)|
|• Lower house||Kantonaiya Sesika (Cantonal House)|
|• Total||243107 km2|
|• Census (2013)||60,347,796|
|Currency||Calliesanyan Talinei (CTL)|
|Drives on the||left|
Calliesanyo (/kä.li.sɑˈɲo̞/ kah-lee-sahn-yo; Byri: Kalisaanyo), known domestically as Great Byria (Byri: Kohuu Byeriya), is a country on Harda Island, a part of the continent Antarephia. Calliesanyo bordered by Beligonia, Aiau, Pasalia, Roliqia, Tyski and Lyeffenor. Calliesanyo covers 242,599 square kilometres and has a population of 60 million. It is a quasi-federal constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary legislature. Its capital and largest city, Sediimarkt, is a major economic hub with a population of over 5 million. The current monarch, who took the throne on 4 April, 2009, is Empress Ariyenna VII. Historically, Calliesanyo was divided into # provinces, which were governed as a confederation of peer-nations. These provinces were officially unified in 1814, and were later dissolved entirely in 1957.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Government and Politics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Culture
- 8 See Also
- 9 References
The Byri word Kalisaanyo, meaning "holy grassland" was first recorded as a territorial moniker in a despatch between Empress Yolama of the Byris and the Konneitak of Savohaan in which Yolama describes the Byris as "the people of the holy grasslands".
The standard Ingerish spelling "Calliesanyo" was first used by explorer David Ecclesham, who mapped the coasts of Grand Harda Island in the early 1600s. Between 1845 and 1959, the Byri Imperial Court accepted "Calliesanyo" as the official Ingerish transliteration of the country's name, however following the Great War, a push to be recognised internationally as "Kalisaanyo" was made.
Domestically, the name "Kalisaanyo" is only used as a poetic name; instead the country is referred to as "Kohuu Byeriya" (Great Byria) in most instances.
Exploration and Colonization
- See Also: Rose Revolution
In the 1890s and into the first decade of the 20th century Calliesanyan government and society began to shift towards a more socialist view in what is now known as the Rose Revolution. The election of 1890 saw the first Labour party government in Calliesanyo’s history, leading to new social policies; Legalisation of labour unions and mandatory minimum wage (1892), Equal pay for equal work (1899), Ten-hour work days (1901), National health insurance (1904), Reform of pre-tertiary education (1908) and Voting rights for non-ethnic Byri citizens (1908).
Labour retained control of the Secretary General’s office until the coup of 1911, which saw the installation of a single-party state under Youta Melang and the Byri Statist Party.
The Statist Period
The Great War and the Khaiwoon Accords
- Postwar changes
- Postwar changes
Government and Politics
Calliesanyo is a quasi-federal state under a constitutional monarchy. Empress Ariyenna VII is the head of state, and while not officially head of government still holds considerable power in the governance of the nation. The Secretary General is the official head of government, and is selected by popular election. The Secretary General officiates the assembly of the Imperial Parliament, and presides over the Congress of Departments. Constitutionally, the Secretary General and the monarch share power in approving legislations passed by the Imperial Parliament.
The main legislative body in Calliesanyo is the Imperial Parliament, seated in central Sediimarkt. The Imperial Parliament is a bicameral legislature, consisting of the superior ‘Nobles House’ with 240 seats, filled by imperial grant of nobility, and the inferior ‘Cantons House’ 573 seats, elected proportionally every three years or when dissolved. The Cantons House is dominated by the socially liberal 'New Democrats of 1957 Party', commonly known as 'D57', and the conservative 'Brightstar Party'.
By law, all elections in Calliesanyo are open to all citizens over the age of eighteen, and must be conducted through secret ballots.
Calliesanyo has a civil law system based on the Kodeka Byeriya, a legal codex dating from around 890 CE.
Calliesanyo is divided into 33 prefectures, each presided over by a Prefectural Secretary, legislature, and bureaucratic administration. Prefectures are further divided into Cantons, which oversee municipalities and unincorporated territory.
Military & Foreign Relations
Calliesanyo’s Armed Forces are divided into four branches; the Army, the Navy, the Air-Corps, and the Civilian Service. In 2010, there were 1.36 million active duty military personnel, including 280,100 Civilian Service members. Enlistment in the Armed Forces is required for all resident citizens between ages 18-25.
- Main article: Tereinanen Calliesanya
Science and Technology
According to the 2013 Census, approximately 85% of all Calliesanyans ascribe to the Kalisquian faith, the major native religion of the Byri ethnicity. Within the remaining 15%, majority religions include Ortholic Christicism and Sunnicism, with minority communities of Mengzo, Gautamic and Derkassy followers. Only 2% of Calliesanyans reported themselves as atheist, however community surveys have found that up to 36% of citizens may be atheist or agnostic.