|13, 29.1826, 25.4713|
|• Region||Idare Ilçe|
2.1% Ethnic Letoian
|• Mayor||Walid Tarek|
|• Council President||Asya Emir Badem|
|Elevation||0-787 m (0-2,582.2 ft)|
|• Census (2016)||981,801|
The Canan-Yar Federal Metropolitan District is the capital of Ayir Ahali Al-Kaza (IN: Independent State of Al-Kaza). Home to just under a million people, the district is coterminous with the Idare Ilçe, one of the country's eight semi-autonomous regions. It is an amalgamation of several municipalities that developed at different times, most notably the ancient Letoian city of Yar and the Kazari capital of Canan, which was founded in 1829.
Canan and Yar sit on Al-Kaza's Hesperic Ocean coast, roughly equidistant from the country's two major urban centers, Teşhir-Cenet and Yamirajyat. While Yar is perched on a rocky outcropping, the original planned center of Canan sits on a relatively flat plain just across the Neyir Taze, a fast-running river that drains the Kara Tepeler range. As the population expanded, the city climbed up the surrounding hillsides, earning Canan-Yar the nickname Işiltili Kazik for the way that the hills glitter at night like a great pile of treasure.
Today, Canan-Yar's economy is centered on government, tourism, and education. While the city lacks a major commercial port, it does feature a large marina that serves the international political elite and local fishermen side by side. There is little industry here, with economic activity heavily focused on the center of Canan, home to the Kazari Capitol Building, the Altinedivan diplomatic complex, the National Courts of Justice, and other major governmental agencies.
Yar's historic center remains one of the best-preserved Letoian cities, and its covered market district is a major attraction for visitors. While central Canan is home to all of the grandiosity one might expect from a purpose-built capital, it is best known for the marble villas that stud the Elçilik Tepesi (IN: Embassy Hill). Here are the majestic embassies of countries from around the world, many of which feature terraced hillside gardens with flora from the ambassadors' home countries.
Canan-Yar is home to three major universities, including the Tarephian International School in Yar, known for training many famous diplomats and politicians. On Canan's side of the river are the Kazari National University, known for its archaeological, medical, and business schools, and the Akademi Aslan, one of Al-Kaza's premier institutions of learning for the arts.
The name Yar is believed to come from a Letoian word that roughly translates as "tomorrow." Little is known of how the word came to be associated with the place, though some Letoiologists have speculated that Yar was settled by the survivors of a flood that wiped out another settlement farther west along the coast. The name is believed to have had a 'promised land' connotation when it was used in association with a new settlement.
The name Canan can be more easily traced, as the city is much younger than its neighbor. The Kazari state was established in 1829 following a military coup that seized power from the ruling Parvana Monarchy. The country's early leaders were very deliberate in the use of nostalgic propaganda as they endeavored to create a new national identity, and they chose the ancient Kazari word for "beloved" as the name for the new capital, indicating the importance that the city would play in their new republic.
While Canan and Yar share a consolidated government, locals still refer to themselves as either Canites or Iyari depending on which side of the Neyir Taze they live.
The earliest evidence of human settlement in modern-day Canan-Yar dates to around 1100 BCE. While it likely began as a fishing village, by 900 BCE Yar had grown into a walled port city, an important center of trade with Hellanesian and Ionean merchants. The city truly flourished following the arrival of the Pohenicians, who became major trade partners with the Letoians. Yar was one of the key coastal cities of Letoian civilization, along with Ludivine, Rubrum, and Apudia.
By 300 CE, the vast majority of Letoians had converted to Cristicism. Yar would remain an important center of both Letoian commerce and the regional Christic church until the region finally fell to the Imanish crusaders led by the Saltanat Mujyda. Yar was one of the cities targeted by the Salsura, a campaign wherein crusaders blockaded key Letoian ports and literally salted the earth of the surrounding countrysides. Yar fell in 1082 CE, and its population was either killed or enslaved, leaving the settlement empty and the farmland around it destroyed.
Letoians who had escaped the crusaders re-populated Yar and Apudia (now known as Seyar Aesperic) in the 1100s, but both cities were badly hobbled, and neither ever came close to a real recovery. When the Kazari began settling in the area in the 1300s they called the people living in Yar ay-çamurla, which translates roughly as "the muddy ones." Kazari agronomists were able to restore the land to productivity, and by the 1400s Yar was a relatively healthy center of commerce serving the surrounding region, and exporting fish to larger markets in Cenet and abroad.
The area became something of a riviera-type destination for wealthy Kazari merchants when two Parvana princes built hillside oceanfront villas in the 1790s. Several dozen mansions from this period remain today, with most now owned by foreign governments and used as ambassadorial residences or cultural centers. It was partly due to this concentration of political power that the site was chosen for Canan in 1829.
Canan's construction was positioned as a nation-building project, with money and resources lavished on the design of its buildings and monuments. One prominent mid-19th century historian quipped that "building Canan was how the generals created modern Al-Kaza; each marble office building was a brick, and every manicured boulevard a thick spread of mortar." The completion of the second (and current) Kazari Capitol Building in 1869 proved a watershed moment for the city, and the spectacular white marble dome remains an icon of Mejut-Mod architecture today.
Though the industrial revolution had a transformative effect on the Kazari economy and culture, Canan and Yar remained relatively quiet up through the early 1900s. The city was meant to be a political center, and development in the area was tightly controlled to prevent it from becoming an industrial metropolis. Access to outsiders was also restricted; ambassadors and their staff were, of course, permitted to reside in the city, but other foreigners could not stay more than a few weeks at a time in Canan-Yar until the city finally became an açik-alan, or "international district," when Al-Kaza joined the Assembly of Nations upon its founding in 1966.
Since the 60s, the region's population has almost doubled, and is expected to surpass one million residents by 2030. Canan has become a much more modern and international city. Yar, by contrast, has been meticulously preserved and restored, though many Kazari citizens have mixed feelings about this as the historic center is now seen as a kind of theme park, with fewer than five thousand permanent residents. The streets are almost entirely populated by tourists and market vendors who live in more modern apartments outside the central district.
The Canan-Yar urban area is situated in three valleys facing the Hesperic Ocean. To its south is the Daj Al-Taşlar, a range of steeply sloped, rocky mountains that remain heavily forested. The central valley is known as Al-Sini, a flat plain in which the historic planned city center is situated. This is the main concentration of the region's economy and population. It is defined by broad landscaped boulevards and grand apartment blocks and government office buildings with neo-Classical colonnades and and Mejut-Mod flourishes. Al-Sini is defined by five hills that form its periphery: the pyramid-shaped Pyramit Kayasi; Elçilik Tepesi, home to the capital's embassy district; Kale Canan; Manzara Kaya; and Yar Kayasi, the rocky outcropping on which the ancient city of Yar is perched.
Past the Yar Kayasi and the Manzara Kaya to the east are the Karo Vaile and the Hesperic coastal suburbs. This area is less busy, and more residential, though it is home to the city's well-loved zoo. The valley to the the west is, fittingly, Al-Bati, or 'the west side,' home to the city's main airport and the sprawling campus of the Kazari National University.
While it predates the founding of Canan, the resort city of Koşe-Ko to the west of the capital's continuous urban area is also part of the Federal Metropolitan District, and thus its population of more than 120,000 residents is included in the Idare Ilçe.
Canan-Yar has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa). Its position along the Hesperic Ocean helps keep temperatures relatively mild. As a result, Canan-Yar rarely sees extreme temperatures like those experienced in the Serion Desert, just over a hundred km to the south. On average, the area receives around 700 millimetres of precipitation per year, mostly between October and March. The weather in Canan-Yar is quite favorable for vacationers, and the region has become especially popular with Kazaris looking to avoid the tourist throngs in Seyar Cidef to the east.
Canan-Yar has a modern service-oriented economy, and is a major economic anchor for the country. As a result, it is one of the most competitive regions in Al-Kaza. The metropolitan area has the highest level of educational achievement in the country: almost a quarter (24.3%) of residents have obtained Masters-level degree or higher, while just 30.1% of the population has a high school degree or lower. In 2017, the Idare Ilçe had a GDP amounting to $37.7 billion, or $38,399 per capita.
Canan-Yar's economic leaders often refer to the masa ayaklaril, the 'four table legs' of the region's economy. As the nation's capital, the city is home to tens of thousands of state workers. The economy is driven by government-related business services, including consulting, information technology, marketing and communications, environmental services, and financial services. The Esas Borsa district between the capitol and the waterfront is the location of the majority of business service jobs, and the primary economic center for the region.
Thanks to the capital's location at the western end of the Altin Teli coastal region that stretches from Ağız to Koşe-Ko, tourism is the second-largest economic sector in the area. Historic Yar's economy is entirely centered on tourism, with the Iyari Pazar covered market serving as the central commercial hub for the walled city. The Pazar is renowned for its eclectic book market and related cluster of bookbinders specializing in the repair of historic tomes, as well as its trade in handmade textiles. Rounding out the masa ayaklaril employment sectors are "eds & meds," Educational and Medical Services, due to the city's status as a national center for higher ed (including two university-affiliated teaching hospitals).
While Canan has never been a major industrial center, the city's existing industrial operations are focused on distribution, water transport, and some commercial fishing (though this has diminished significantly since the 1980s). The largest manufacturing plant in the region is a pharmaceutical packaging facility operated by Odak İlaç Endustrisi in the Karo Vaile. In the city center, the historic Villa Çizgi Firin still operates a large commercial bakery that it first opened in 1889. The birthplcae of several well-known Kazari treats, the bakery is also a tourist attraction that offers tours daily.
Most goods are brought into the city via truck, but there is a small container terminal port on the Uç Karo, operated by Yamirijyat-based shipping conglomerate SONSUZ. The middling industrial park surrounding the city's airport in Al-Bati is currently under redevelopment, and will be the future site of the Aerotropolis Bilim ve Teknolojipark.