|7, 37.753, 80.887|
|Devlet-i Aliyye-i Demirhâniyye|
"Fethetmek için bir arazi her zaman vardır"
There is always a land to conquer
|• Regional languages||Aryan, Iviran, Mazanic, Demirhan Kalmish|
|Turquese (72%), Aryan (13%), Mazanic (10%), Iviran (6%), Kalmish (1%), other (1%)|
|• Sultan||Davut III|
|• Grand Vizier||Mazir Azhar Paşa|
|• Total||321776,06 km2|
124238.431 sq mi
|• Water (%)||2.1|
|• Estimate (2017)||38112659|
|• Total||$935.056 billions|
|• Per capita||$24,534|
|• Total||390.045 billions|
|• Per capita||$10,234|
Demirhanlı Devleti (Ingerish: Demirhan Empire) is medium-sized and very combative country country located in Central Uletha. It covers area of 347 thousanda squere kilometers of which land area is 322 thousands. The capital of the empire is Tarsinar, one of the largest cities in the country, while the biggest is Ardeşehir, a former capital.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Country is divided to three parts by mountain chains known as Adanaz Mountains in the north and Zorlayıcı (Compelling in Ingerish) Mountains. Near the border with UL119 there is a fragment of Red Mountains chain. The central plain, known as Karadolu is cut in half by several highland areas going as far as Lorantis. The far west of the country is dominated by the large desert known under the name Yevercin.
The soil in the country offers good conditions for farming - the Karadolu region, breadbasked of an entire country is dominated by red and black soil.
The country rely heavily on mining and many minerals can be found in the mountainous regions. These natural resources include boxites, coal, chrome, iron and copper ores. Gold is also present near the Iviran sea shore. Between rivers Sarica, Yenik, Nazip and Sarash lie huge amounts of peat, which is primary energy source in these lands. In the Yevercin Desert are located several oil wells but the quantity of crude oil is far smaller than the empire needs.
The country extends across many different climate zones - from mediterranean near Iviran Sea to hot desert in Gandara and sub-polar in Red Mountains.
The largest river in the country is Kiran river, which creates natural border between the empire and UL117. Other notable rivers include Yenik, Havsalan and Hilvach. The biggest lake is Elazit, located in Yevercin Desert and supplied with water from Adanaz Mountains via Gerzifon river.
See also: List of rulers of Demirhanlı Devleti
According to several resources originally the Karadolu region was home for people known as Karamans, probably of Ulethan origin. Around 1200 BCE in the region appeared Iviran traders from whom the current knowledge about Karamans comes from. Karamans' society was relatively simple. Vast majority of them were farmers who lived in villages around a city where local chieftain lived. There were several states which covered a few cities but Karamans never established an united country.
That was great chance for the Ardashids Empire which grown in the shade of Compelling Mountains. Empire of Aryan origin started to conquer fertile lands of Karadolu around 800 BCE and the whole process was ended about two hundred years later. Occupation by Ardashids Empire lasted to 336 BCE when during the Great Turmoil the Empire lost ability to conrol almost entire land behind the mountains, however this was enough time to destroy separate Karamans' cultural identity.
The region collapsed into several small states controlled by Aryan nobility, who often fought brutal wars between each other. In third century BCE the Lorantians, people of Caeltig origin came from the North via lands controlled by Mazanic emirs, destroying states in central Karadolu. The newcomers settled on the eastern coast of current Demirhan Empire and Lorantis. The entire Karadolu fell into total chaos and shortly after was conquered by the First Mazanic Sultanate. At the time the process of imanization of the locals began.
Mazanic rule came to an end around tenth century due to Great Turquese Migration when several Turquan clans decided to move to tthe south in search of better pasture.
Before unification of the country under Demirhans there was present a number of city states called beyliks or emirates, depending on the region they were located. The most dominant power in the region was ancient Haronian Empire covering northern part of the empire. At the greatest extent it covered present Sivereflik Eyaleti, Alaklareli Eyaleti, north of Tarsinar Eyaleti and countries Dağırmak Cumhuriyeti and Buildtion. In some time periods it shortly occupied regions near Muneig Bay.
The beginnings of Demirhanlı Devleti starts in 1001, when someone called Demirhan Bey arrived to Afyonkaris with a group of hirelings. They killed local ruler and established control around the local villages. In this time after being in impression of local people truthfulness and depth of their faith Demirhan Bey to convert to Iman religion which was also popular in Haronian Empire, which was dominant power of the region at the time. When Demirhan Bey and his people officialy converted, Demirhan family become a hereditary rulers of Afyonkaris. Although traditionally Demirhan Bey is known as being Alkanlı, many historians says that he descends from other ethnic group living in this territory.
Demirhan Bey and his sons in about two hundred years gained control of the most of the west coast of Muneig Bay due to marriage rather than war. In 1181 the head of the dynasty, Murat II was the ruler of biggest piece of land in his neighbourhood. He decided to take biggest port in the bay - Ardeşehir. He herded army of 40,000 man and attacked the city. After two years long siege, Demirhans captured the city. After that Murat II named himself sultan or padishah in Haroni language.
When Murat II captured Ardeşehir, the state achieved a half of current area. It was a sign to begin huge reforms. Murat understood he can't rule big country only by himself, so he created the Divan Council in which were four viziers (ministers) one for each province. As the head of the council served Grand Vizier (alk. Vezîr-i âzam). All of the viziers were directly appointed and dissmissed by sultan. The competences of viziers were very wide - they commanded their own armies and actually ruled their provinces. Also Murat II reformed the army, employing the first professional soldiers, trained from the children of conquered nations.
Before the first of the yeñiçeri (new army) end their training and can be used in war, Murat II died. His son, Ahmet I gathered the army of sixtyy thousand men and rushed to Tarsinar, which was in possesion of Hamadi family, which controlled not much less territory than Demirhans. Yusuf al-Hamadi, leader of the Hamadi dynasty tried to stop him near Garmeş. The battle of Garmeş begun 15 July 1207 and lasted two days. Al-Hamadi died in battle bu many of his soldiers fled to Tarsinar, where his son, Muhammad tried to resist. Although thick walls of the city could stand long time siege, there were not enough stock of food, so he decided to give up after two months. Ahmet I accepted his offer, but ordered egzecution of all al-Hamadi family members after eight months.
After the war with al-Hamadis Ahmet started to look greedily for the small kingdoms on the east between his lands and the sea. The campaign started in 1219 and lasted nearly to death of the sultan in 1222. The empire was exhausted by war and divided between Ahmets' sons İbrahim and Beyezid. Almukhtar emirs of Sivereflik and other near cities decided to use an opportunity and attack the empire together, unfortunetely for İbrahim, who occupied Tarsinar. Bayezid sent a letter to emirs and offfered his help in eradicating every trace of İbrahim, as the letter said. In 1224 İbrahim was killed. To celebarate the victory Bayezid organised a feast for emirs, where he poisoned them. Almukhtar army, which still stationed in Tarsinar without their commanders, decided to accept Bayezid rule. Bayezid waited three years and then rushed on the emir of Sivereflik. Army of emir was untrained and never used in battle, so the conquer was very quick and ended with light losses on Bayezid side.
Next centuries Demirhans spent on fighting with emirates from Yevercin desert from which most notable was al-Siver (present day Sivereflik) emirate which fell to Demirhans in early XV century and Haronian Empire. Haronis were pushed off to the mountains in XIV century but they were conquered after battle of Meşkezar in 1675, where the last Haronian shah, Darius VIII was killed.
Next few centuries was really stable and prosperous for the empire but in the next years Demirhanlı Devleti fell into great faction war which cost a lot of money and made the empire weak and unstable. Sultans were changed often. sometimes murdered by the weak-paided army sometimes poisoned by their servants. Due to serious problems with taking loans empire sold the terrain called now Buildtion to Ingerland, which was their first colony in this part of Archanta.
The need for reforms was very strong and sultan Mehmet VI decided to make it. He annouced in 1826 the program called Arıtma, which in Alkanlar language means purification. The main theme for that was to separate religious law from the state law. Although sultan continued using the title of Iman caliph (which was one of the imperial titles since Murat II) and still was a head of empire's Iman community, the state law was reformed and all people living in the empire got the equal laws. Also the bussines law was separated from religion, what allowed to open first bank, the Demirhan National Bank.
Another reform which was taken during this time was associated with system of government. Anachronical Divan Council, which consist of four viziers since reign of Murat II, was abolished. The new Divan Council, first constitued in 1837 was consisted of minister of treasury, minister of war, minister of internal affairs, minister of external affairs, minister of justice and minister of imperial propaganda. Also, if there was a need to the council could be added some extra viziers, which happened in 1856 (unsuccesful Almukhtars revolt) and 1878 (Muneig revolt). Viziers were also not allowed to be the provincional governors and except the Grand Vizier they didn't command the army.
The final reform of the sultan Mehmet VI was making the first constitution of the Demirhan Empire in 1841 and performing the first free elections to the parlament in 1843. Mehmet VI thought that when he get part of responsibility for the country to the people, they will have more national identity. Although he knew he must be confident that the results of the elections should be corrrect, so he called his damat (imperial son-in-law) Ahmet Paşa to create a party, which could won. The Fatih Partisi due to great financial assistance easily won the election and got the standalone majority in the new parliament.
Mehmets son, Selim IV started to modernise the country industry and built first railway in the country.
Mehmet's hopes could not change reality. Newly organised state did not create new nationality. Very liberal peoples living on the east coast of the empire did not accept the conservative majority in parliament elected by Almukhtars and Alkanlars. Also the very conservative Almukhtars did not like secular constitution and wanted to restore a caliphate. Sultan throw away all complains, what in short time made the people rebellious.
In 1878 Demirhans lost Muneig and shortly after AR032d. Unsuccesuful policy of Fatih Partisi caused that they lost majority in elections in 1880 and had to form an exotic coalition with Işçi Partisi (Workers Party), which was the only party, which did not want to abolish monarchy at the time. In 1882 sultan Ahmet III dissolved National Assembly, becouse the parliament created a law, which highly limited his powers, which was a secret plan of Grand Vizier Tevfik Paşa, who wants more power.
After that Ahmet III used all his powers to repress society. Three years later, in 1885, the army dethroned Ahmet III in coup attempt and chose his brother, Süleyman as new padishah. Although new sultan did not change anything, when he ascended to throne, he understood that secularisation is really a must. In 1916 the current constitution was saccepted by 77,19% of votes in public referendum. It completely abolished Demirhan Caliphate and restricted the powers of sultan, especially in commanding empire's army. Also the capital of the country was changed from coastal Ardeşehir to inland Tarsinar.
Despite reforms, in 1963 the Işçi Partisi and Sosyalist Halk Partisi (Socialist Peoples Party) started to revolt to overthrow monarchy. The revolt was bloody estinguished by the army and year later all leftist parties were abolished and their members were arrested.
On 8 August 2018 Mazir Azhar Paşa, leader of the nationalist İMYD party revealed several pictures on which was Selim V kissing with other man during his winter holidays in Federal States of Archanta. During the speech to his party members pasha accused the Sultan of "lying constantly to his nation everyday of his life" and call him to resign because of "being unable to fulfil the Sultan's duties and extend the dynasty" as well as "not having moral authority to rule". He also accused Grand Vizier Yazinci Mustafa Paşa of "being the partner in the lie" and dissolved the ruling coalition.
Four days later Mazir Paşa gave another speech in which he stated that someone tried to assasinate him but his guards catched the murderer and try to interrogate him. He also summoned his well-wishers to come to his mansion to protect his life. When police tried to enforce the pasha to give the murderer to him the crowd didn't allow them to come into the mansion. Several clashes erupted and seven people (of which one was a policeman) were killed. On 14 August Davut, the brother of ruling Sultan and the well-known İMYD supporter came to the protesters and sang the national anthem with the crowd.
Three days later Mazir Paşa had another conference on which he has shown the video of the assasin who says that he is the member of the State Security Bureau and fulfiled the Grand Vizier's orders. Pasha also repeated his call to the Sultan and the Grand Vizier.
On 20 August Selim III resigned due to ongoing mass protests in the whole country and Davut, as Davut III was announced his successor. The new Sultan also appointed the date of snap elections - 20 September but also said that Yazinci Mustafa Paşa would stay as a leader of minority government until the new parliament will be elected.
The whole situation bring to the public a debate about sexual minorities' rights in the country as well as true monarch duties.
After the elections Fatih Partisi lost it's power gaining only third result, beaten by İMYD and GİP. At 8th October the new government consisted of unusual marriage of İMYD and GİP was appointed by sultan Davut III. Mazir Azhar Paşa became his term as a new Grand Vizier.
The leader of the empire is sultan. His powers are:
- dissolving the National Assembly.
- appointing the Grand Vizier and government.
- dissolving the government.
- giving a veto for particular acts of the law.
- appointing members of judicary.
Lawmaking is reserved for one house parliament called National Assembly, in which takes a sit 250 lawmakers, each 50 for one elayet. Since the coup de etat in 1964 all traditional leftist parties are banned, although some right wing and central parties adopted social aspects of their programs. To get to the National Assembly party must get total score in elections of 5% votes or more.
Traditional council of ministers (viziers) since 1916 consists of: minister of war, minister of internal affairs, minister of external affairs, minister of justice, minister of infrastructure, minister of social affairs and minister of imperial propaganda. In external politics empire tends to soft isolationism, but holds affairs with many countries around the world.
Results of 2015 elections
|Party||Percentage of votes||Seats||Short program summary|
|İmparatorluğun Milliyetçi Yeniden Doğuşu (İMYD, National Rebirth of the Empire)||27,91||74||Since last election coalitiant of FP. Party wants to intensify pro-war propaganda and destroy small countries on the east of the empire. Party wants to control economy by a central of the state. After the 2018 elections party became a major ruling force in the empire.|
|Geleneksel İman Partisi (GİP, Tradional Iman Party)||23,28||62||This party wants to reestablish religious law in the empire (caliphate was abolished in 1916, when secular constitution was improved). It is natural coalitiant for MCP, but in 1996 the long time coalition was broken because of conflict about wearing religious clothes in public. They are followers of socialist economy. In coalition with İMYD.|
|Fatih Partisi (FP, Victory Party)||16,21||43||Traditional, militaristic and promonarchical party. It leads in the national elections since establishing a parliament in 1843 due to using power of Ministry of Imperial Propaganda. Many of party leaders are assoviated by a marriage with sultans family. Party is the adherer of Third Way economic policy. After 175 years in power kicked out from the government.|
|Muhafazakar Cumhuriyetçi Partisi (MCP, Conservative Republican Party)||11,29||30||One of the few republican parties in the empire. In great opposition to other parties in parliament except RP. They want to change a country into a modern, liberal democracy.|
|Rum Partisi (RP, Minorities Party)||9,23||25||Party represents inhabitants of the empire from minor peoples. They fight, sometimes really fight for their laws and freedoms. By FP and IMYD they are often accuse of wanting a partition of the empire. Party is a adherer of Third Way economic policy.|
|Halklar Partisi (HP, Peoples Party)||6,22||16||Except of being the peoples party they are really conservative and traditional. Their program is focused on agrarian part of the society. Party wants to build a socialist economic state. Often accused to be leftist and many parties want to delegalize them.|
The ruling party of the cuntry is for years a third way policy follower. This means all people in the empire are granted many social privillages and the private bussiness is limited on some level. Strategical parts of the industry, such as elictricity, mining and production of weapons is restricted to the government.
The country products and export huge amounts of weapons and has one firm, which is making cars - Vehikar. Other pillar of the Demirhan economy is constructing ships. The main source for money is agriculture.
Demirhan Empire also owns state carrier airline - Demirhan Airlines.
Because of nice and diversified climate Demirhan Empire is popular target for tourist for all Astriasia. Due to foreign policy, which do not allow anyone cross the Demirhan border without a visa, the profits generated by a tourism are much smaller then it could be if the government have decided to permit the free travel.
The most important partner of the Demirhan Empire is Unesia to which Demirhans export huge amounts of food. The contries of the east coast imports mainly ships and weapons.
The currency of the empire is lira, which divides on 100 kuruşes. Although lira is in use since 1843, when it substituted original currency called Agçe, it was often denominated due to inflation. The last denomination was in 2008, when Demirhan Lira was renamed New Demirhan Lira. The currency returned to name Demirhan Lira in 2012.
Current administrative dates back to the year xxxx when the first Constitution was established. At the time Demirhan Empire was an unitary state divided into 14 mainland provinces (eyalets): Ardeşehir (capital), Yerkenderun, Viralmanaz, Malazıt, Neril, Burhane, Ortakent, Silvanca, Alaklareli, Sivereflik, al-Talikiya, Haderot, Rudafşar, Şirvandar and several overseas provinces. Every province was divided into sanjaks.
The first change came when Lorantis seceded from the empire. The eyalets of Neril and half of Malazıt were lost and overseas eyalet of Şneldorf was created around the eponymous island. The Second Constitution changed the form of governance to federal and five regions (bölge) with own parliaments were created. Regional parliaments gained responsibility over administrative divisions, education and culture maintenance. However every change in the eyalet law still must be approved by local governor so many international organizations criticize the system as "fake democracy".
Despite these concerns several provinces gained large portion of autonomy. Initially the autonomy was proposed to Aryan, Mazanic an Iviran minorities but the leader of the latter, Şalom Yusuf Paşa rejected the proposal being afraid of loosing connection with the Iviran communities in other parts of the empire. The borders of the minority regions also changed slightly following the migration of Turquese to the mountains because of growing mining industry and turkification process during Faşist Süleyman rule. In this period Karsun Eyaleti was separated from Alaklareli. In 1998 small Iviran province was created. Currently the special rights in the provinces go as follows: In the Aryan'ın Bölgesi the Aryan' language is taught in schools as an optional subject at native level. It is also co-official language of the local parliament. Local governors hold the title of Ostandar instead of Vali. The term "şahrestandar" is in use instead of "bey". Ahurian priests are recognised by law and they can give marriages and divorces recognised by a state in the same way as the sacraments given by Iman priests. Ahurian new year, Navruz is also local holiday. In two provinces of Western Region called Vilayets (subdivided into liva instead of sanjaks) Mazanic is co-official language, also taught in schools at native level. Several minor differences between local and state civil code also exist. In one province of Western Region Iviran is co-official language, taught in schools at native level. The sacraments given by Ibriyim priests are recognised by a state. Several differences between local and state civil code. The province is called Mahos and is divided into Nafa. There are two eyalets called "transitional". In these eyalets minority languages (Iviran and Mazanic) are treated as co-official with Turquese in settlements where the number of minority language speakers consist of more than 20% of total inhabitants.
In present times administrative divisions go as follows:
|List of provinces|
|Sahil Bölgesi||Ardeşehir Eyaleti||Ardeşehir||14840719||4165,14||3563|
|Karadolu Bölgesi||Viralmanaz Eyaleti||Viralmanaz||1399354||24247,05||58|
|Batı Bölgesi||Alaklareli Eyaleti||Alaklareli||2135372||17213,18||124|
|Batı Iviran Mahosı||Saabaron||635729||7340,85||85|
|Ayran'ın Bölgesi||Doğu Şirvan Ostanı||Şirvandar||2134562||11135,13||192|
|Batı Şirvan Ostanı||Rudafşar||983728||8763,87||112|
|Guney Adaları Bölgesi||Şneldorf Eyaleti||Şneldorf||53851||1120,71||48|
|Name||Presence||Population||Main religion||Additional info|
|Turquese||All of the country, the only group in the central part||Irfan||The dominant group from which comes the ruling dynasty, Turquan language is also the only official language of the country.|
|Gagavuzes||Viktoreşti Eyaleti||Christic, Romanish Ekelan Church||They speak Turquese or Romanish. Some sources say that the number of Gagavuzes is exaggerated by the government to justify the annexation of most of the southern Antharia and most of ethnic but bilingual Antharians are included in this category.|
|Mazanic||Batı Bölgesi||Irfan||Mazanic people live mostly on the Yevercin desert.|
|Ivirans||Entire country, mostly Haderot and southern Burhane eyalets||Dionism||The ethnic group which since middle ages provides bank services in entire region so it is spread as far as Antharia.|
|Aryans||Ayran'ın Bölgesi||Irfan, Ahuryanism||They were creators of the great ancient empire of Farsia, conquered first by Mazan and later by Demirhans.|
|Antharians||Viktoreşti Eyaleti||Christic, Romanish Ekelan Church||Antharians are people who stood in Demirhan Empire after the conquest of Viktoreşti Eyaleti (which is sometimes called Demirhan Antharia).|
|Hellanesians||Sahil Bölgesi||Christicism, Ekelan Church||Hellanesians are remnants of ancient Eganian colonization of Iviran Bay.|
|Kalmians||Şneldorf Eyalet||Christicism, Ortholic||Kalmians are descendants of Kalmish military order which was brought to the region to help christicize Pagans from Lorantis and Kalmished Lorantians.|
|Lorantians||Malazit Eyalet and along Yenik and Hilvaç rivers.||Kreideth||Lorantians are first inhabitants of Lorantian coast. However they were able to preserve their unique cultural identity only on small part of their original homeland being mostly assimilated with Hellanesians, Antharians and Turquese.|
The main religion of the country is Iman religion in their Irfan philosophy. About 94% of people living in the empire are Iman believers. The rest is mainly christic or secular Imans, which is a term meaning people, who were grown in Iman culture and tradition. Being simply atheist is still not allowed.
The homosexuality was decriminalised in 1830 during the Arıtma process. It was also protected by the 1841 Constitution. The 1916 Constitution extended the protection to all sexual minorities. Despite general legality the sexual minorities have rather negative view towards the society because they are seen as immoral. Because of that the government tends to treat minorities the same way as does with atheists - they try to act like they are not existing. There are no such things like homosexual marriage and civil unions and the gender changes are not recognised by the state. To avoid criticism from the society the minority members tend to not overreach especially outside the biggest cities. Also during the rule of Süleyman III there were many actions provided by the special forces against homosexualists because the Sultan has seen them as hidden far-left supporters.
- Other nationalities are not recognised by the empire
- Land area only