Drabantia

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Republic of Drabantia
Drabantská republika
Horizontal tricolor. White represents cloudy sky, green forests and blue rivers.Coat of arms used since 1915.
FlagCoat of arms
Motto:
"Pravda a láska zvítězí nad lží a nenávistí"
Truth and Love defeat Lie and Hatred
Anthem:
Krásná zem, tys domovem mým (Wonderful land, home of mine)
The location of Drabantia
Location of Drabantia in Central Uletha
Capital
and largest city
Odrava
Official languagesDrabantian
 • Regional languagesEscadian, Litvanian
Ethnic GroupsWhite (95%), other (5%)
NationalitiesDrabantian (86%), Litvanian (7%), Escadian (4%), other (3%)
DemonymDrabantian
GovernmentParliamentary republic
 • PresidentRadovan Bašta
 • Prime ministerJan Michalek
LegislatureParliament
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseThe Chamber of Deputies
Area
 • Total64,768.77 [note 1] km2
 • Water (%)3
Population
 • Census (2017)7,996,406
 • Density123.46/km2
GDP (PPP)2015
 • Total$379.35 bil.
 • Per capita$45,204
GDP (nominal)2015
 • Total$342.49 bil.
 • Per capita$40,811
HDI (2016)Steady 0.89
very high
TimezoneWUT +5:30 (no DST)
CurrencyDrabantian Koruna (DBK)
Drives on theright
Internet TLD.db

Drabantia (Drabantian: Drabantsko) is a country located in central Uletha. It is bordered by Litvania to the west, UL108f to the north, UL100 to the east, Escadia to the south and Chira and Mallyore to the southwest across the Egalian Lake. Drabantia covers the area of 64,766 km2 with mostly temperate continental climate influenced by the lake. As of 2017, Drabantia had almost 8 million inhabitants.[1] Drabantia is a unitary parliamentary republic and a nation state. Its capital and largest city is Odrava with over 800,000 residents, followed by Lipice with 250,000 and Třesno with 150,000. Drabantia is divided into 9 kraje and consists of four historical territories, Drabantian Egalia, Luhava, Boravia and Banuj. The current president is Radovan Bašta and Jan Michalek the Prime Minister.

The present-day Drabantian state can be traced back to the Duchy of Drania, which was founded in the late 9th century around Krále Hora. The duchy maximized its size and importance in 1116, when following the victorious 12-year-long Dranian-Egalian War it expanded its territory to Litvania. In 1118, the duchy became a federation of semi-independent margraviates and counties, knows as the Union of the Drabantian Crown Lands. The union lasted until 1379, when Drabantia got conquered by the Egalian Empire and subsequently went through a brutal conversion to Egalian culture. Metoděj Kos, a pastor, started an armed protest movement in the 1450s, however after several lost battles the movement was defeated and its most prominent members killed.

In 1617 after the Wars of the Emperor's Crown, Drabantia became semi-independent and gained full independence in 1721. In the 19th century, Drabantia saw major industrial growth. The country became a republic in 1915 after king Václav Karel III. died and went through a dramatic political crisis in the 1940s caused by income inequality and inflation, resulting in 20 years of authoritarian left-wing government. Nowadays, it is a modern developed country with high living standards and high income economy.[2]

History

The Venus of Nevěnice, one of the relics of paleolithic settlement in Drabantia

Prehistory

Archeological evidence suggests the area was settled as early as 2000 BCE. Around 1st century CE, Escadic tribes started migrating to the area from the southwest and settling as far as in the Luhava lowland. The Escadic era was ended in the late 3rd century CE by the invasion of Suric tribes. The Surics gradually took control over Escadic territories and continued migrating westwards, to present day Litvania. Escadic people bred and mixed with the Surics, thus creating a new tribe, the Dranii. Many relics from this age have been found, including jewelry, ceramics and basic tools, most notably near the rivers Banuj and Borava.[3]

In the 6th century CE, Gaermanic peoples came into the area, settling along the western shore of the Egalian Lake. Cultural and religious differences have sparked several clashes between the Dranii and the Gaermanic.[4] The Gaermanic eventually lost and assimilated with the rest of the populace. However, the newly established peace didn't last very long, as in the 7th century the area was invaded from the northwest by the Yunics.

A silver cross from the 10th century found in Opatovice

The Dranii were supported in a battle against the Yunics by Satto, a merchant born in present-day Escadia, who had fled the country due to the ongoing fights between the local feudal families. The Dranii won and Satto became the leader of the first state in the area, the Satto's Empire, controlling the area of present-day Třesno, Krále Hora and Lipice regions. The western part of the country belonged to the Grand Loravia, controlled by the Stanislav dynasty and the south, including today's Odrava, by countless Escadian tribes, namely the Abengardic.

Around the 9th century CE, the whole area was christicized. Along with Christicism, the first alphabet and organized language, Old Church Langanic was brought.

Early middle ages

The Duchy of Drania emerged in the late 9th century and the former Satto's Empire became the core with Krále Hora as the capital. It was established by the Radslav dynasty after they managed to unify the many duchies and principalities in Luhava and Boravia. Bořislav I. became the first duke around 885. In the late 10th century, Radoslav II. expanded the area further east to the Razníky mountains, where iron ore deposites were located, gaining the nickname "The Iron King."[5] However, around 1050, the country fell apart because of economical problems and inner political tension.[6] After several years of anarchy, the Bohmír dynasty took over.

Grand Loravia has meanwhile been invaded by the Egalian Empire. Egalians were people of unclear origin, possibly related to the Gaermanic tribes, who occupied the territories northwest of Litvania, and were very combative. Egalia conquered much of Litvania and also present-day Drabantian Egalia, and eventually tried to expand its territory even further to the east. The Duchy of Drania had a peace deal with the empire and its attempts at conquering Escadia haven't succeeded, the easternmost point of the empire thus being the northwest of today's Odrava.

Universitas Genovina in Krále Hora, the oldest university in Drabantia founded in 1357

Drabantian Crown Lands and Egalian rule

The Egalian Empire started to decompose in the late 11th century.[7] After some requests for help, the Dranians decided to help Litvanians in an uprising, which then started the 12-year-long Dranian-Egalian War. The war ended in 1116 with the Duchy of Drania, led by Svatopluk II. taking over both Litvania and the shore of the Egalian Lake, making them semi-independent provinces.[8] Finally Marius, the Duke of Rabětín, married Božena, the daughter of Svatopluk II., uniting the two duchies together. The new state became known as the Union of the Drabantian Crown Lands.[9]

The union remained relatively prosperous until the late 14th century, when the Egalian Empire, this time led by the Thuiadh dynasty, stroke again. Over the years, they conquered most of the countries surrounding the union, effectively blocking most trade routes and thus draining the union economically.[10] This also led to political tension, amplified by the Egalians who have infiltrated the government in an attempt to sabotage it. In 1377, king Bronislav III. was stabbed dead in Třesno under unclear circumstances.[11] The empire threatened to invade the union unless it met certain demands, which mostly involved material and financial compensation for peace. Despite the union agreeing to pay the compensation, it was invaded and defeated in 1379.[12]

The emperor of Egalia at the time was Brenald III., who was extremely intolerant towards minorities.[13][14] The next two centuries were a period of violent religious conversion, the demolition of churches, burning of books and general destruction of historical Drabantian relics. Called the period of horror by historians,[15] it has been widely regarded as one of the worst cultural losses on the whole Ulethan continent.[16] The Drabantian language was forbidden in official communication and education was only provided in Egalian as well. In the early 15th century, the population of Drabantia was decimated by a wave of the Black Death, killing approximately 150,000 people.[17]

Kossites in the battle of Lipice in 1469, as depicted by the painter Otakar Klicpera

The trial and execution of pastor Metoděj Kos in 1458 was the starting impulse for a wave of protest. Kos and his philosophy, whose main idea was that all people are created equal and the Egalian Orthodox Church is corrupted and needs to go back to the roots of Christicity, gained a lot of supporters in the following years.[18] The leader of the newly-formed Kossite movement, Jan Jindřich of Hradec and Rabětín, assembled an army and built Ašpery, a fortified town.[19] The Kossite Army made many looting invasions especially in Boravia and remained undefeated until the Battle of Janov in 1477.[20] Jan Jindřich, Václav Ašperský and 21 other Kossite leaders were then detained and publicly executed in Krále Hora on August 16, 1478.[21] The Kossite movement never grew as strong in Litvania.[22]

Thea I., oil painting on canvas

Margraviate of Drabantia and Litvania

The late 16th century saw the rise of reformative movements across Central Uletha.[23] The Empire in particular was struck by an economic crisis, resulting in three waves of famine in 1576, 1588 and 1591.[24] The population, decimated by poverty, plague and hunger, was dissatisfied with the situation. In 1599, emperor Theodor I. was stabbed to death during his visit to Třesno under mysterious circumstances, bringing utter chaos into the Empire.[25] In a state of anarchy, the ethnic minorities within the Empire started establishing militia, fighting the royal army and eventually each other, resulting in the Wars of the Emperor's Crown (1600–1617). The 17 years of war brought no great gain or loss to any of the belligerents,[26] only causing another devastating wave of famine in 1616,[27] and were ended by the First Peace of Lorava in 1617, turning the Empire into several semi-autonomous provinces. The Kingdom of Escadia also participated in the war, gaining the northern bank of the river Banuj as a result.

Drabantia and Litvania existed within the reformed Empire as the Union of Drabantia and Litvania. After some disputes over the seat of the margrave, Alžběta Boravská was elected the first marchioness in 1622 and became the first ruling woman in the country's history. During her rule, Drabantia saw a period of national revival, with the restoration of relics from the pre-Egalian era and relative economic prosperity.

Alžběta's grandson Václav I. later became the first margrave from the Václav dynasty in 1678. In the 17th century, the Václav dynasty was criticized by the people for not representing their interests and siding with the Egalians instead. In 1716, the king Václav II., visiting Třesno, was stabbed to death in his sleep by an anonymous culprit.[28] This prompted the Empire to declare war to the Union. The war, later called the Drabantian War of Independence, lasted from 1716 to 1721 and resulted in the Second Peace of Lorava, making present-day Drabantia independent while leaving Litvania to the Empire. Jan I. was elected the new King of Drabantia on 17th July 1721, restoring the royal title after 344 years.[29] In the Act of Varventis in 1799, Drabantia regained Northern Banuvia.

Kingdom of Drabantia

Iron foundry industry in Žitava, ca 1860

In the 19th century, Drabantia became an industrial country.[30] Large cities saw a surge in population because of people migrating to find a job in the booming industry.[31] To transport goods, a dense network of railways was built.[32] In 1858 under Václav Karel III., Drabantia turned into a constitutional monarchy with a parliament.

Václav Karel III. was the last king of Drabantia, reigning 1854–1915. After a brief period of instability and a failed communist uprising,[33] the Republic of Drabantia was established on January 1st, 1916 and Antonín Rmut was elected the first president. Odrava was chosen as the new capital city.

Modern history

Protests against the government in Odrava, 1942

The Republic of Drabantia experienced economical growth in its first years of existence, but problems such as rampant income inequality and housing shortage in big cities persisted. After the civil war in Escadia (1924–1928) ended in the installment of a communist regime, the Drabantian political scene became increasingly polarized. In addition, the people in Northern Banuvia were looking to join the newly formed Banuvian Republic, resulting in the Treaty of Odrava of 1930, where both countries promised not to file any territorial claims against each other.

In the 1938 election, the right-wing National Union won with nearly 40% of all votes and in 1940, Bohuslav Olbert of the NU was elected president. Ultimately, the party was met with stark opposition from the newly formed Socialist Front, which started gaining support from workers across the country and organized mass protests. The SF decided to boycott the 1942 parliamentary election, citing the possible falsification of vote results as the main reason, and instead arranged a mass demonstration in Odrava on Labor Day 1942.[34] The protest was scattered by police, leaving dozens of people injured and four killed.[35] Fearing civil war, the government ordered the main protagonists of the socialist opposition to be arrested and established a system of secret police. As an act of disagreement, the rest of the government decided to resign in June 1942.

The devastating drought in 1942 and 1943 led to severe food shortage, causing further dissatisfaction among the citizens. In January 1944, about 15,000 people participated in the Hunger March from Odrava to the presidential palace in Krále Hora, where they were beaten up by the police.[36] On Labor Day 1945, mass demonstrations erupted again, but this time the police decided to revolt and joined the protesters instead.[37] The government was overthrown and Olbert was jailed. The Crisis Comittee was established as a provisional government body and Bohdan Vlach of the SF became the new president.

In April 1946, a new parliamentary election took place. The vote excluded the parties of the National Union, which were forbidden, thus leaving the voters with a selection of various left-wing parties.[38] The Socialist Front won with an overwhelming 85% of votes. It is speculated that the communist government of Escadia interfered in the election.[39][40][41] In the late 1940s, political trials with former NU members became commonplace, as well as nationalization of key companies, however, Drabantia ultimately rejected the Escadian model of communism[42] and allowed entrepreneurship and private ownership to some extent.[43]

The authoritarian regime loosened in the 1960s. In response to the ongoing poor economical situation and environmental issues, the Drabantian New Wave movement emerged, calling for democracy and environmental protection. The Socialist Front was abolished in 1965, and in the same year Jarmila Majerová became the first female president of the country. In 1966, the first free elections were held after 28 years, including parties from both the left and the right wing, and won by the newly formed Green Party.

Present-day Drabantia still maintains universal single-payer healthcare, free education on all academical levels and relatively strong worker and customer protection laws. Drabantia is progressive in social affairs. Universal suffrage was established in 1916. In 1968, the country decriminalized homosexuality; LGBT+ protection laws were passed in 2002, gay marriage was allowed in 2011. The country maintains a consistently high level of female and LGBT+ politicians and some of the lowest gender wage gap rates in the world.

Geography

Topographic map of Drabantia

Drabantia is located in Central Uletha between latitudes 53° and 56°N and longitudes 86° and 93°E. The country covers 64,768.77 km2 of land.

The landscape of Drabantia is varied. The central part of the country consists of a shallow basin drained by rivers Luhava and Borava, with the Planá lowland in the middle surrounded by hills. The country is surrounded by the Egalian Lake from the west and southwest. River Banuj is the southern border of the country, around it is the Banuj lowland, which is separated from the rest of the country by the Long Mountains mountain range. The east is mountainous, with Velký Razník being the highest point in the country at 1562 m (5,124 ft.)

Water from Drabantia flows two ways. The rivers Borava, Banuj and other smaller ones in the west empty into the Egalian Lake, which in turn empties to the Great Rift Sound through the river Ina. The northeast of the country is drained by Máře, which flows into Dista in UL108g, which in turn flows into the Great Northern Sea.

Drabantia is divided into four historical lands: Drabantian Egalia, Drania, which is divided into Luhava and Boravia, and lastly Banuvia.[44] These historical lands are mostly correspondent to the drain basins of the Egalian Lake and the rivers Luhava, Borava and Banuj.


Lipice, Central Drabantia
Climate chart (explanation)
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Vaberec, Northeast Drabantia
Climate chart (explanation)
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Climate

Drabantia has a temperate continental climate. The summers are warm with temperatures often rising up to 35°C (95°F) and occasional thunderstorms. Winters on the other hand are cold and generally drier, but with plenty of snowfall.

Climate varies within the country due to elevation and terrain. The Egalian Lake also has an impact on the climate, moderating seasonal temperatures and sometimes bringing lake effect rain or snow. At higher altitudes, temperatures generally decrease while precipitation increases. The Větrníky Mountains in the east of the country experience the most rainfall on average (over 1500 mm (4.92 ft) per year at some stations). The Letava valley in the midwest is then the driest region with about 400 mm of precipitation annually. Velký Razník, the highest peak in the country, sees the average temperature of -0.7 °C (30.7 °F),[45] while in central Drabantia, the average temperature is about 8 °C (46 °F).[46]

January is the coldest month on average with temperatures below zero and snow. Above zero temperatures and the subsequent thaw can occur as early as February in lowlands, but usually come in March or early April in the east of the country. The melting snow sometimes causes flooding and water levels in rivers usually remain high well into May. The spring weather in Drabantia is very changeable with frequent rain showers and markable temperature differences between day and night. Nightly frost usually occurs until early May. In late April, the bloom of various fruit trees is usually observed.

June, July and August are the warmest months of the year. In the summer, thunderstorms with heavy rainfall sometimes occur. In the recent years, summers have been accompanied by heatwaves and drought. The end of August is characterized by a local weather phenomenon. During the first week, Drabantia is on the outskirts of an atmospheric high-pressure area and the temperatures soar up to 30 °C (86 °F), while humidity remains high and there is barely any wind. Heavy rain, often accompanied by hail and strong wind, arrives with the second week, sometimes causing flash flooding and property damage.

Indian summer is sometimes observed in late September. In early October, deciduous trees start shedding leaves and first snow is observed at mountaintops. November is relatively humid with temperatures around the freezing point, sometimes bringing snow in the east. December is the darkest month with only around 50 hours of sunshine monthly on average and some 5.5 hours from sunrise to sunset during the Winter Solstice.

The coldest temperature ever recorded in Drabantia was -43.8°C in Pádava in the Razníky mountains in 1911[47][48] and the hottest measured was 40.7°C in Hrubětice in 2018.[49]

Government and politics

Main article: Politics of Drabantia

Senate building in Krále Hora

Drabantia is a representative parliamentary democracy with a pluralist multi-party system. The head of the government is the Prime Minister. The parliament is bicameral, with the lower house being the Chamber of Deputies with 160 members and the upper house being the Senate with 81 members.

The role of the president is limited. He has, for example, the right to veto bills passed by the parliament, appoint Supreme Court judges, nominate constitutional court judges or appoint prime ministers. The president is selected through a joint session of the parliament. One presidential term lasts 5 years and one person can only be elected president twice in their life. The current president of Drabantia is Radovan Bašta. He was elected in 2015 and is the twelfth president of the country.

The Government of Drabantia consists of the Prime Minister and his cabinet (government ministers). They are in charge of domestic and foreign policy agenda. The current, 42nd Prime Minister is Jan Michalek, who was appointed in 2018.

The Chamber of Deputies election is held every four years. The voting system is based on proportional representation with a 5% threshold. The members of the Senate have a six-year term each and a third of the senators gets replaced every two years. The system for the Senate election has two rounds and each electoral district elects a single senator in runoff voting.

Supreme Administrative Court in Lipice

Law

Drabantia has a civil law system. There are three equally powerful main courts: the Constitutional Court for violations of the constitution; the Supreme Civil Court for legal cases and finally the Supreme Administrative Court for law procedures and administrative issues.

Foreign relations

Drabantia is one of the safest countries in the world according to the World Peace Index.[50] It is a member of the Ulethan Alliance for Culture.[51] Embassies of foreign countries are located in Odrava, the capital city.[52]

Military

Armed forces in Drabantia are managed by the Ministry of Defence. The Drabantian armed forces consist of the Drabantian Land Forces, Drabantian Air Forces and the Drabantian Navy. Military spending is approximately 1.8% of GDP (1.71 in 2017.)[53] Mandatory conscription and 10-month military training was abolished in 1998.

Administrative divisions

Main article: Administrative divisions of Drabantia

Since the administrative reform in 1992, Drabantia has been divided into 9 kraje (regions) which further divide into 68 okresy (districts). Districts divide into individual municipalities. Obec s rozšířenou působností (municipality with extended competence) is an entity between district and municipality sometimes used for administrative and statistical purposes. Odrava has the special legal status of hlavní město (capital city.)[54]

Region name
in Ingerish
Region name
in Drabantian
Abbreviation Administrative seat Area
in km2
Population Population density
in residents per km2
Districts Map
Vaberec Region Vaberecký kraj A Vaberec 6797.28 602,202 88.59 5 [1]
Banuj Region Banujský kraj B Ostrožeň 6631.81 918,412 138.49 8 [2]
Odrava Hlavní město Odrava D Odrava 366.52 841,143 2,294.94 [3]
Drabantian Egalia Region Helský kraj E Poltavy 9529.84 1,065,404 111.80 11 [4]
Janov Region Janovský kraj J Janov 6505.05 831,854 127.88 9 [5]
Krále Hora Region Králehorský kraj K Krále Hora 6844.94 920,111 134.42 7 [6]
Lipice Region Lipický kraj L Lipice 6848.75 954,201 139.32 8 [7]
Central Boravia Region Středoboravský kraj S Štemperk 4810.85 503,516 104.66 4 [8]
Třesno Region Třesenský kraj T Tressen 7925.65 880,353 111.07 9 [9]
East Boravia Region Východoboravský kraj V Živá Voda 8508.88 379,210 44.57 7 [10]
Total 10 64,769.57 7,896,406 121.92 68

Demographics

Urbanization

Name Region Population Area (km2)
1. Odrava Odrava Region 841,143
2. Lipice Lipice Region 243,200
3. Třesno Třesno Region 155,600
4. Krále Hora Krále Hora Region 129,100
5. Vaberec Vaberec Region 99,900
6. Janov Janov Region 98,400
7. Ostrožeň Banuy Region 94,300
8. Poltavy Drabantian Egalia Region 91,900
9. Štemperk Central Boravia Region 86,500
10. Živá Voda East Boravia Region 76,800
11. Žitava Krále Hora Region 73,100
12. Teplice na Jezeře Drabantian Egalia Region 68,600
13. Brány nad Banujem Banuy Region 55,800
14. Mosty Lipice Region 51,100
15. Volbrod Banuy Region 46,200
16. Zábřeh nad Boravou Central Boravia Region 37,700
17. Drabantský Kolín Janov Region 36,600
18. Týn nad Elží Lipice Region 33,200
19. Rokytno Janov Region 32,500
20. Luženec Třesno Region 30,900

Map

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See also

Notes

  1. Excluding the area of the Egalian lake.

References

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  2. Drabantsko v žebříčku nejvyspělejších států světa (in Drabantian). rozhlas.db (10 February 2006). Retrieved 14 April 2019
  3. Paleolitické umění Drabantska (in Drabantian). ng.db (30 May 2008). Retrieved 14 April 2019
  4. Blažková, Svatava (1931). Předsatónské osídlení. Odrava: Lípa. p. 162
  5. Albrecht, Ludmil et al (1876). O zemi drabantské. Odrava: Obrozenecká tiskárna Lípa. p. 122
  6. Kolínský, Marcel et al. (1973). Doba radslavská (in Drabantian). Lipice: Nakladatelství SÚH. p. 384
  7. Laufmann, Theodor (1954). The Early Medieval Epoque of the Egalian Empire. Gobras City: Historica. p. 371
  8. Dránsko-helská válka. dejiny.db (in Drabantian). Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  9. Stehlík, Miroslav (1955). Země koruny drabantské (in Drabantian). Lipice: Polygon. p. 12
  10. Baráková, Jaroslava et al. (1971). Velký přehled národních dějin (in Drabantian). Odrava: SAN. p. 101–114
  11. Černěchová, Lucie (1999). Otřesy (in Drabantian). Odrava: SAN. p. 51–58
  12. Jonáš, Radek and Feřtek, Aleš (1980). Doba helská (in Drabantian). Odrava: Knižní dům Historie. p. 342
  13. Baráková, Jaroslava et al. (1971). Velký přehled národních dějin (in Drabantian). Odrava: SAN. p. 140
  14. Jivný, Rudolf (1922). Obětem helským (in Drabantian). Odrava: Akademia UDB. p. 24
  15. Albrecht, Ludmil et al (1876). O zemi drabantské. Odrava: Obrozenecká tiskárna Lípa. p. 214
  16. Kopeček, Vladislav (1965). Medieval cultures in Central Uletha. Odrava: SAN. p. 184–189
  17. Kotková, Eva (2001). Morová epidemie v Helsku (in Drabantian). Odrava: Akademia UDB. p. 62–69
  18. Jivný, Rudolf (1922). Obětem helským (in Drabantian). Odrava: Akademia UDB. p. 204–219
  19. O městě. aspery.db (in Drabantian). Retrieved 14 April 2019
  20. Baráková, Jaroslava (1965). Kositské revoluční hnutí (in Drabantian). Odrava: SAN. p. 182–193
  21. Martinek, Vlastimil (1926). Drabantian People in the Egalian Period. Lipice: International House of Academic Publishing in Lipice. p. 93
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