|14, -11.4399, 37.5962|
|Du Bois Cidudad|
Du Bois Cité
|Latinians (86%), Natives (8%), Other (6%)|
|Nationalities||Latinans (94%), Other (6%)|
|• Mayor||Didier Banavas|
|• Vice Mayor||Bertrand Secolos|
|• Total||488.45 km2|
|• Urban||xyz km2|
|• Rural||abc km2|
|Elevation||200 m (600 ft)|
|• Estimate (2020)||1 650 000|
|• Census (2016)||1 644 201|
|Postal Code||3001 - 3010|
Du Bois is a city in the northwest of Latina. The town is the capital of the province Guimbras of Latina. Du Bois has 1.644.201 inhabitants (zensus 2016). The town is the central town in northwestern Latina. With Mendoza, Latina (Cidudad) and Cordoba the town of Du Bois makes the important quadrate of urbanisation in the west of Latina around the fertile Mesa Verde.
The Flag shows in the inner upper edge the weapon of the family Du Bois (an arm with a sword with the text "we are we" at the blade and a book with the greek letters sigma and lambda).
1571 Pierre Du Bois founded the town. He was the son of a frenchish speaking adventurer, so the first language speaking in town was frenchish. Til today many inhabitants speak a frenchish language. So the names of streets and places are frenchish and not in latinian language. The layout of the first part of the town was a rectangel, surroundes by a broad canal with streets from west to east and north to south. The backbone-street was (and is) the Grand Rue (great street).
As Guilleaume II promised 1627 all jews equal rights in his town many jewish settlers build houses in the east of the Vieux Carée. Til today nearly half of all jews in Latina live in Du Bois, concentrated in the Jew Quarter in the Vieux Carée and in the suburb of Renanrd jaune. Several important latinian literats and scientists are born here. In the First Jew Street is the birthplace of the famous Rabbi David Birnbaum (1756 - 1826).
1669 Antoine Du Bois founded the university of Du Bois at the place of the old alameda (a sort of park). 1738 the town was extended to the south (now "Triangulum"). Around this new triangulair town was cut a new canal and the old southern canal was filled up for a park and the new street "Boulevard Vieux".
Til 1766 the town was the capital of the whole or a part of the Du Bois pincipality. As 1766 the principality was going up in the colony of Latina, the town of Du Bios was from then to now the capital of the province of Guimbras. Til today north of the old town are the private posessions of the family Du Bois, so that the town can spread out on only in eastern, southern or western direction and today the urbanisized area is like an "U".
1849 the railway from Du Bois to Latina (Cidudad) was opened. The first station lays east of the city in the suburb Renard jaune - today the cultural and commercial center of "Gare Vieux". This area was given up 1921 to build a modern station in the west of the city. Now there are the railway-museum and the stadium of the club "Olympique Du Bois".
With the beginning industrialisation the town grow first in west to east direction with the suburbs # 3, Renard jaune and # 7, Allée and few years later the neighbour-suburbs. 1865 Frederic Du Bois (died 1870) give to the town the "Champs Frederic" (Frederics field) from the domaine of the Du Bois family (now Barrio # 8).
Til 1897 the area of the town are the barrios ## 1 to 9. Then some villages around and a part of the Du Bois domaine (now Barrio # 15) become to the town. To the town belongs 109.45 km² of natural wood, administrated as Barrio # 20 but with only 12 inhabitants.
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1962 was begin the work at the Centro Fisico Anvantado de Latina, northeast outside the town, as a branch of the university of Du Bois in cooperation with the university of Cordoba.
Du Bois is divided in 19 suburbs, named "barrios" or in frencish ""Arrondisiments". Postal Code is always 310. or 31.. and the number of the suburb ( always 4 numerals 3101 to 3119). Government and greater organisations have postalcodes from 3121 to maximal 3139. Code "3020" is reserved for the Du Bois family.
Like in Latina (Cidudad) always for some barrios are local courts in service - so there are local courts for the suburbs in the center, east and west. "West" means this barrio lay on the western side of the Rio Guimbras.
|1||Vieux Carrée||Old Quarter||center||1571||15 847||3.43||4 620||||Oldest part of city|
|2||Triangulum||Triangel||center||1738||19 460||2.61||7 456|||
|3||Renard jaune||Yellow fox||center||1819||88 656||8.57||10 345|||
|4||Bouche du Loup||wolfs mouth||center||1840||100 811||17.49||5 764||||river "Loup" to Rio Guimbras|
|5||Femmes||women||east||1850||102 132||17.49||5 764||||streets are named after woman-names|
|6||Sud / Sur||south||east||1859||132 282||30.34||4 360|||
|7||Allee||Alley||west||1865||116 565||17.31||6 734|||
|8||Champs Frederic||Frederics field||west||1865||128 622||30.08||4 276|||
|9||Pergante||west||1865||92 701||13.35||6 944|||
|10||San Juan / Saint Jean||S. John||west||1879||98 430||33.93||2 901||||working class area|
|11||Deux Rivieres||Two Rivers||west||1897||77 131||21.08||3 659||||til 1897 independent village|
|12||Lait / Leche||milk||west||1885||103 238||15.74||6 559|||
|13||Tarephia||means the continent||west||1885||118 540||34.60||3 426|||
|14||Ville de Sartroux||Sartroux Village||west||1897||99 213||37.27||2 662||||til 1897 independent village|
|15||Nord / Norte||Northend||west||1897||95 363||29.57||3 225||||til 1897 part of the domaine Du Bois|
|16||Oiseaux / Aves||birds||east||1885||60 641||17.69||3 428||||streets are named after birds|
|17||Gramito||East||1897||35 505||12.41||2 861||||til 1897 independent village|
|18||Nation||nation||East||1897||106 232||20.39||5 210||||formerly part of Gramito|
|19||Semiramis||that lady with the garden||East||1897||52 829||18.28||2 890||||til 1897 independent village|
|whole town||1571||1 644 189||379.00||4 338||urbanisated area|
|20||Bosque del Ciudad||wood of town||west||1897||12||109.45||||til 1897 Domaine Du Bois|
|whole town||1571||1 644 201||488.45|||
|00||Domaine privée||privat posession Du Bois||------||1571||109||326.75||||this domaine is no part of the town|
Du Bois has an national airport. Flights to Latina (Ciudad) are not offered, because the AVE-train is faster.
Motorway # 3 from Latina (Cidudad) touches the town in the north and west. Motorway # 15 goes to Cordoba and motorway # 23 to Leif Erikson in the west and to Mendoza in the east and leads from there to the eastern parts of Latina. Du Bois is served from the primary-routes ## 31, 44, 59, 65 and 73.
The first railway-Station lays in the northwest of the old town. Now this building is a transportation-museum and the stadium is buldt, where formerly the tracks lay. The new station is opened 1921 for an easyer way for the railway to the north. In Du Bois terminated since 1974 the railway hi-speed-line # 3 (AVE) from Latina and since 2008 line # 15 direct to Cordoba with stop only in Ferronio.
The main-station of Du Bois has 18 tracks. Tracks ## 1 to 5 are used for the AVE-trains to Latina (Cidudad) and Cordoba, ## 6 to 11 for the trains, terminating in Du Bois, # 12 for through running freight trains, tracks ## 13 to 17 are through going tracks to the north and to the Airport of Du Bois and to Leif Ericson. Track # 18 is for special guests and owned by the family Du Bois, but can be used too from the city of Du Bois or the province Guimbras.
The traffic in the town to a part is organisized with streetcars. Now there in use are still 17 lines, ## 6 to 15 and 21 to 27. Many of the formerly lines are abadonned or had change their way, because if a metro-line run under the street a streetcar-line there is not ever neessary. Because most of the inner town was build before the rules of Ernesto Cruz y Lopez there are only smaller streets in the heart of the city and the streetcars partly run in oneway-streets parallel. At "Chat gris" is an complicatet knotpoint of crossing lines and loops. The lines ## 24, 24 and 26 did not reach the inner town, but terminated at a metro-station, to avoid parallel traffic. Line # 23 will not be served at the weekend. Line # 22 is a cercle-line. Line 11 (half) only will run in the peak-hours. A special line is line # 20 for the Du Bois domain.
For the dense traffic are four metro-lines, the first section opened 1956. The two lines ## 1 and 2 junctoned at "Vieux Gare" and "Renard jaune" and the two lines ## 3 amd 4 junctioned "Gare Central" and "Universite". At last 2014 new opened is a part of the oranhge line # 4 to the southeast, now ending in "Triangulum". In construction for this line is further southeast a part with 5 stations via "Nuages" to open next year. Then streetcar-line # 11 then will taken over from this metro-line.
Metro and streetcars and the bus-lines of the town can be used with the same ticket.
Worth to see
- Old yewish quarter - Barrio # 1 - see 17, -11.44013, 37.59359
- Old romantic quartier of Renard jaune with the small places wuth shady trees - Barrio # 3 - see 17, -11.43621, 37.60433
Citizens Service (What is where?)
|Cortes de Provincia||provincial parliament||Alemade Veja||# 1||old assembly of Du Bois principality|
|Cortes superiores Provincial||hight court of the province||190, Allee||# 4|
|Cortes superiores Cidudad||hight court city||170, Allee||# 4|
|Cortes locales centro||local court center||Rue Guimbras||# 2|
|Cortes locales este||local court east||Place les Cheveaux||# 6|
|Cortes locales oueste||local court west|
|Ayuntamento del Cidudad||Town Hall||Alameda Veja||# 1|
|Hogar por Animalos||Animal shelter|
|Jardin Botanico||Botanic Garden|
|Objetos Perdidos||lost and found|
|Opera||3. Place des Platanes||# 4|
|Teatro del Cidudad (1)||main theather||Rue Moliere||# 1||building from 1688|
|Teatro del Cidudad (2)||main theather||5. Place de Platanes||# 4||new building from 1901|
|Universidad (Centro)||main buildung university||Alameda Veja||# 1|
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