|13, 56.3338, 19.2381|
"Gesyntu ac Holm
(Ingerish: Prosperity and the Sea)"
|• Burgealdor||Sam Gustafsson (W)|
|• Burhgeréfa||Lise Elensdohtor (R)|
|• Estimate (2014)||430,900 (Ceasternisc Bernica)|
The city of Dunwic is the capital of Myrcia. It is located on the western coast of the island, in the læð of Bernica. The city's coastline faces onto the Hesperic Ocean. The eard of Dunwic has a population of around 209,000 but the larger urban area of Ceasternisc Bernica has a total population of around 450,000
- 1 History
- 2 Government
- 3 Politics
- 4 Geography
- 5 Cityscape
- 6 Culture
- 7 Transport
Dunwic began life as a marshy estuary which sheltered the first Scandic settlers to Myrcia in 1101 before they decided to establish a new town at St Grimbald. The next record on Dunwic in Myrcian history is in 1484, long after unification, when a monastery is established at Donvik to control the lands around the estuary. The Scandic name Donvik became the Myrcian Dunwic. It is thought to come from dun, a hill or raised land and vik, a bay or inlet. By 1550 a second monastery was established at St Brannoc and there are records which show the establishment of a settlement on the high land above the Áfon Dun around the land of the Burhcomons. The oldest building in Dunwic, St Aethelstan Kirk in the grounds of Dunwic Castel, dates from around this time (1559). The town continued to grow slowly as a fishing settlement under the control of monastic powers with the first bridge at Fenwic being constructed in 1632 to provide better communication with the monastic and of St Brannoc.
In the winter of 1688 Myrcia was facing a major economic crisis as the harbour at Nórdport, then the national capital, was frozen over and the harbour at St Grimbald had silted up. Thus a cynecarte (Ingerish: royal charter) was granted to Dunwic to allow for the construction of a large harbour and to begin the draining of land necessary for its expansion. At the time the ocean came right up to the shore at Nórdburh where new piers and docks were built allowing the monastic trading gilds to resume trading with the Uletha mainland.
The 18th century saw the waning of Nórdport as Myrcia's premier trading port and the assent of Dunwic as a more sheltered harbour which was less prone to freezing over. It is around this period that many of the city's oldest buildings date from including St Congar Kirk and the Aldfriþhús. With the draining of the marshes continuing apace a great fire which destroyed much of Nórdport in 1739 sealed Dunwic's fate. Kynge Alfaed II declared in January 1740 that he would be moving his royal court to a new palace at Savórmont and that Dunwic would become the new capital of Myrcia.
The New Capital
This move saw the beginning of a major period of growth for the city. Plans were drawn up and executed for the Núburh (Ingerish: new town) which laid on the land between the city centre and the docks. The new cathedral of St Anselm Milkirk was consecrated in 1765 in a ceremony which officially saw Dunwic become the capital city of Myrcia and new home to the crown.
In 1788 a new treaty with Ingerland saw the establishment of the Great Mercian Corporation to bring Ingerish trade and investment into the island. The GMC saw great potential in Dunwic harbour and built many dams, pumps and canals which drained the areas to the north and west of the city centre so that they could be used to build factories and expand the docklands.
During the first half of the 19th century the Núcanal was built and Dunwic became a heavily urbanised city with large areas of tenement housing which provided accommodation for the thousands of factory and dock workers who flocked to the city from the Myrcian countryside. Although conditions were poor philanthropists and the city council purchased large areas of land from farms to create the ring of parkland which surrounds the city today.
The second half of the century saw the coming of the railway to Dunwic. The first railway, built and operated by the GMC ran from Dunwic St Alfred station to St Grimbald South station along the route of the Núcanal in 1882. Seven years later the first Trambæn line was established and by the end of the 19th century the city was criss-crossed by tram lines and railways. The free movement of goods and peoples across Myrcia had never been cheaper or quicker and this allowed an industrial revolution to take place across the country.
Housing for the C21
At the turn of the millennium the population of Ceasternisc Bernica had reached 400,000 and was climbing toward 450,000. In 2000 a new Wyrcend government was elected nationally and they, along with Dunwic Burhcounsil, began a program to increase the quality and quantity of housing stock in the greater Dunwic area. This involved not only new housing developments such as Petersféld, Ródinparc and Brannoc Scores. It also meant the refurbishment of a great deal of Dunwic's existing social housing and the compulsory purchase, by the government, of privately rented accomodation deemed to be sub-par. Other major developments in the city have included the new terminals at Dunwic Flyhthæfen International in 2006 and the re-building, from 2010-16, of St Alfred station, now re-named Dunwic Mid station.
Consecutive Wyrcend governments, often with Filiþléag a Mere coalition partners, have meant that Dunwic has become of the most radically governed cities in the world. The Ekóract of 2009 saw the introduction of a congestion charging zone inside the Ringweg, as well as per/mile road pricing and restrictions on polluting diesel cars. The money generated by these schemes, as well as income from the Feoh, has been re-invested into public projects across the country. Public transport in Dunwic is some of the most efficient and comprehensive anywhere in Uletha. The additional funding has also gone toward the Smartburh Dunwic project which aims to increase the standard of living in Dunwic using new technologies and increased inter-connectivity. The TMkart, introduced in 2005 on Railweg Myrcia and Landstede Geleórednes Dunwic in 2008, is one major component of this project as it provides one ticket for every form of public transport in Myrcia. In its 2016 Quality of Life issue, Hesperia magazine named Dunwic its #1 city to live in citing "clean air, easy transport, high-quality housing and a city government you can rely on".
Part of Myrcia's move, in the C21, toward being a knowledge-based economy has been to attract university students from across the world to its many educational establishments. Since 2000 Dunwic universities like Kirkcoleg Myrcia, Universitet Washinburh and Dunwic Fine Art Coleg have all seen their international populations increase and the number of courses taught in Ingerish increase with them. Another large project in the city has been the Dunwic Sciens Parc located in St Botolph which was funded by the government, Kirkcoleg Myrcia and Dunwic Burhcounsil. The project has bought in research and development from across Uletha who are attracted by the cluster of scientific and technological companies in Dunwic and the tax-breaks and funding offered by the Myrcian government.
Dunwic Burhcounsil is the governing body of the eard of Dunwic and, to a limited extent, Ceasternisc Bernica. It consists of an elected Counsil which has 68 members and the directly elected Burhgeréfa and Burgealdor
Mynsters and Eards
Like all of Myrcia, Dunwic is divided into eards and mynsters which have their origins in the parishes of the Kirk Myrcia. The official city of Dunwic is made up of the eard of Dunwic (eard) which is divided into 22 mynsters. The wider urban area, known as Ceasternisc Bernica (CB) includes the eards of St Brannoc, Washinburh, St Botolph, St Asaph, Súdenwold, Rodingwold and Burdwic.
Dunwic Burhcounsil is the elected body responsible for a number of devolved political issues in the Ceasternisc Bernica. It is responsible for housing policy, transport, environment, local taxation, planning and amenities.
The Burhia is the elected body of councillors who are responsible for checking and approving legislation put forward by the Burhcounsil Executive. They consist of 1 member for each mynster in Ceasternisc Bernica (58) and 10 members elected in city-wide elections to be ministers of: education, public transport, planning, housing, sanitation, environment, parks & leisure, finances, tourism & heritage and the Burgealdor.
Burgealdor and Burhgeréfa
The Burgealdor is effectively the mayor of Dunwic, they are directly elected by the citizens of the city and are the de facto head of the Burhcounsil, they sit as an independent in the counsil chamber. The current Burgealdor is Sam Gustafsson, a Wyrcend politician and housing capaigner who was elected in 2015. The Burhgeréfa is chosen by the Ealdor of Myrcia to be a link between the city government and the national government, they also have a number of ceremonial roles as the city sheriff.
Myrica has always, historically, been a strong-hold in Uletha for democratic socialism and left-wing politics in general. Dunwic is no exception to this and has been governed either directly by Wyrcend or by Wyrcend-majority governments for over sixty years. Filiþléag a Mere, the environmentalist party, have increased in popularity in student areas and they are currently the official opposition in the Burhcounsil.
This is the current make-up of the Burhcounsil following the elections in June 2015.
Dunwic’s housing market is considered to be one of the most regulated in the world. The city’s Burhcounsil has been under Wyrcend control or the control of a Wyrcend-majority coalition for over sixty years and, along with various left-wing national governments, the Burhcounsil has worked to create a large amount of social and rent-controlled housing with little outside, international investment.
Rents in each mynster of Ceasternisc Bernica are controlled on a Ð per sq. m. basis. The rents are set each year by the Burhcounsil in collaboration with local residents gilds and the landlords association. The highest rents are in the mynsters of Vesterburh Forshæig, St Alfred, St Eagdyth and Nórdburh, the lower rents tend to be in the outlying Eards with large social housing populations. Social housing rents are set at 30% of the earnings of the occupier.
New developments in the city are subject to strict planning and size regulations which monitor the architecture, aesthetics, size, facilities and light in newly built and renovated properties. Apartments in Dunwic are required to have separate living and dining spaces, adequate natural light and adequate sound-proofing. As a result of this they can be expensive to purchase so most are retained by co-operatively owned development companies, pension funds or workers gilds who then rent out the apartments. As such development in Dunwic (and much of Myrcia) has not received the same international investment as in other Ulethan nations and buildings are more likely to be renovated than demolished and replaced.
More recently Dunwic Burhcounsil has come into conflict with Bnbgo!, the online apartment-sharing service. A number of Myrcian citizens were renting their apartments cheaply under rent controls and then sub-letting them through Bnbgo! whilst living elsewhere in the country or Uletha. This sort of sub-letting led to housing shortages in central Dunwic and other popular districts and in 2014 Dunwic Burhcounsil announced that it was making sub-letting illegal without a license. The law came into force on 1 August 2015. Bnbgo! are appealing the law in the Hústing but it remains in place until their court date.
Dunwic is located on the banks of the Áfon Dun which runs from its source in the Midlædlæw to the Hesperic Ocean at St Brannoc. The medieval heart of the city is located on land which rises up from the riverbanks on either side but most of the remaining urban area sits on reclaimed marshland. Reclamation began in the 1720s and continues to this day using pumps, dams and canals. Much of the Hæfen a Dunwic is situated on land that was reclaimed in the period from 1860-1910 by the Great Mercian Corporation and other foreign investment companies. Flooding is a major problem facing much of Ceasternisc Bernica both from high ocean tides and during periods of heavy rainfall.
Dunwic is known as the grénianburh (Ingerish: green city) due to its leafy streets and abundant open spaces. Although the city centre is very dense there are a number of small gardens, parks and courtyards which provide green interludes in the urban streetscape.
Outside of the centre Dunwic has large areas of comonland (Ingerish: common land) which originate from feudal times when monastic landowners handed over areas of heath and grassland to common ownership (often that of the local gild). This land is protected by law from development and private ownership and forms the basis for much of Dunwic's parkland. Examples include the Burhcomons in front of Sæterhriht Hús, the Dælcomon in Rænhill, Hygewic Comon and Afonforþ Comon.
When the city expanded in the 19th and early 20th centuries Dunwic Burhcounsil purchased land from farmers to create a number of large parks which punctuate the ribbon developments around the fringe of the city. These include Róding Parc and Porburh Parc in Æescburh Roding and St Asaph Parc.
Dunwic was selected as the Ulethan Capital of Culture in 2008.
Dunwic is home to a number of major museums. The Rícesalor (Ingerish: National Museum) displays Myrcia's history and geography, it is home to the national natural history and archaeology collections. At the Kirkcoleg Myrcia is the Kirkcoleg Salor (Ingerish: University Museum) which houses a large collection of anthropological objects from across the globe. The Ríce Salor a Sciens e Technology (Ingerish: National Museum of Science and Technology) is located in Burdwic and opened in 2007.
There are a large number of art collections on display in Dunwic. In the grounds of the Rícesalor is the Larsson Pavilion which hosts a number of contemporary art exhibitions. The Cynehám Artsalor (Ingerish: Palace Gallery) is located in the grounds of the palace, it has displays of 16th, 17th and 18th century art works and armour. Opposite the Burhcomons is the Aldfriþ Gallery which displays artworks owned by the national government, it also houses the Ríce Art Bóchús (Ingerish: National Art Library). The Edburga Gallery displays works of religious significance and is owned by the Kirk Myrcia. The Cynehilþ Gallery displays works of art from current students and alumni of Dunwic Fine Art Coleg. The MÓD Myrcia and the Lórna Artsalor both opened as part of the Vester Embancment project in 2000, they display modern works of art and design.
Dunwic is home to a number of major sporting arenas and sports teams. The largest stadium is the Dunwic Burhstadium located south of the city centre on the Grimbald Weg, it was constructed in the run-up to the 2004 Isle & City Games of which Myrcia was the inaugural host. The stadium is now home to Dunwic Áfon FC. The Ely Parc Stadium is a cricket stadium and home to Dunwic LCC.
Dunwic has been a centre of education in Uletha for many centuries. Kirkcoleg Myrcia was founded by the Kirk Myrcia in 1664 and it has become one of the most prestigious and well-regarded universities in the world. The ancient colleges located in the city centre are supplemented by modern facilities located in various locations around the city. Other universities in Dunwic include Dunwic Fine Art Coleg, Universitet Washinburh and Núcoleg Dunwic.
Dunwic is a member of Sibling Cities of the World. Its sibling cities are:
Urban public transport services in Dunwic are operated and owned by Landstede Geleórednes Dunwic (LGD) which is, in turn, wholly owned by Dunwic Burhcounsil. All forms of public transport in Dunwic (and Myrcia) accept the TMkart.
The Linbæn, operated by LGD is a light rail service which operates two lines connecting Dunwic Hýþ Terminal station and Dunwic Mid station with Burdwic Mid station (line LA) and Weatende Mid station (line LB). The driverless trains mostly operate on former Railweg Myrcia lines which were converted to LGD Linbæn in the 1970s. A number of extensions have been mooted in recent years but none are currently in prospect.
The Trambæn network of tram lines is operated by LGD and connects the city centre with various suburbs including Burdwic, Ródinbrig, Washinburh, St Brannoc and Leeshór. There are currently 9 lines which head into the suburbs and two city loop lines in operation. The trams are a mixture of new and old rolling stock as well as some heritage cars which operate during peak holiday season in the city centre. An extension is currently under construction to connect Ródinbrig with Petersféld and Súdburn Parc, it is known as the Súdvest Lijn project.
Bus services in the city are operated by LGD under the Búsbæn name. Many lines run 24 hours at regular intervals connecting neighbourhoods with the city centre and other transport hubs around Ceasternisc Bernica. The major bus terminals are the Aethelwold Terminalen in St Alfred and the
Inter-region rail services depart from Dunwic Mid station and are operated by Railweg Myrcia. The main services are the Nórd Star which runs to Nórdport Mid station and St Alfæd Áfon station and the Westaxe Wyvern which runs to St Grimbald Súd station and beyond to the east coast.
A number of inter-city buses operated by Bus Myrcia depart from the Bus Myrcia Terminalen on the Renburh Weg. Bernicabús also operate a number of express services in the city, connecting it to urban areas beyond Ceasternisc Bernica.
Dunwic Flyhthæfen International (known locally as DUN) has served as the main airport for the city of Dunwic and the island of Myrcia since the 1950s. It is located around five miles north-east of Dunwic city centre close to Scipwic and St Edburga. The airport was long considered to be sub-par by international standards but runway extensions and a new terminal funded by the Feoh have meant that DUN is now considered a regional hub in north-western Uletha. It is connected to the city centre by RM Regio and Railweg Myrcia services from Dunwic Flyhthæfen International station.