Escadia

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6, 51.221, 92.549
Republic of Escadia
Eskaadiu Respublika
Flag of EscadiaCoat of arms
FlagCoat of arms
Capital
and largest city
Rilg
Official languagesEscadian
 • Regional languagesBanuvian
NationalitiesEscadian (86%), Banuvian (8%), Surian (3%), Mallyorian (1%), other (2%)
DemonymEscadian
GovernmentPresidential republic
Area
 • Total295,631.98 km2
114,144.14 sq mi
Population
 • Estimate (2019)18,560,000
 • Census (2010)18,568,645
 • Density62.74/km2
162.65/sq mi
HDI (2016)Increase 0.74
high
TimezoneWUT +5:30 (no DST)
CurrencyEscadian Kroona (ECK)
Drives on theright
Internet TLD.ec
Achtung.svg This page reflects Escadia as of 2016 and contains outdated information.

In summer 2019, Escadia will be redeveloped and this page will be updated accordingly. Please don't use any of the information here.
Progress on the Escadia project can be traced at User:Eklas/Sandbox/Escadia.

Escadia (es' kay dee:a; Escadian: Esdarusbania), officially known as the Republic of Escadia, is a country located in the central region of the Uletha continent. The country is more than 450 miles (720 km) long, north-south, and has a maximum width of about 630 miles (1013 km). It's a federal parliamentary republic and shares land borders with the countries Ispelia to the South, Suria to the West, Zanyizzix to the East and Egalia to the Northwest. It has 40 million inhabitants and includes 7 constitutional states, its capital and largest city is Rheilach. Escadian and Ingerish are the countries official languages, with the latter being added to the Constitution as part of the Official Languages Act of 1963. Some variances of Abengardic are still spoken regionally, but accounts for less than 2% of the population.

The country is heavily vested in the mining and technology industries. Rich mineral deposits (lead, zinc, copper, silver, gold) are found throughout the central Ulethan mountain ranges. Escadia is one the leaders in worldwide mineral production, running some of the largest and most advanced mining operations today. The country is also home to some of the worlds leading communication technology companies, who are primarily focused in the telecom, mobility and broadcast sectors.


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History

Escadic Tribes (100AD-500AD)

The early part of the period saw the rise of the Escadic tribes, as peoples from western Uletha migrated eastward to the central parts of the continent and settled throughout the region.

In 269, Surian tribes from the southwest invaded and occupied much of the western Escadic lands. Surian rule lasted until 311, when many of the Escadic tribes in the east aligned to defeat the Surian's and reclaimed control over the territory.

By the midway point of the 1st millenia, the various dominions throughout the region fell under control of large feudal tribes. These included the Berabtirvkunimisgi, Aleulgi, Abengardi, Vurfiriitbanr, Rikanekkurar, Ckanekkuruci, Heninimikuii and the Mbikenmibenatuni.

Three Kingdoms (500AD-900AD)

Over the next few centuries the Escadic tribes warred, migrated, and merged. Eventually, three major kingdoms emeraged and ruled over the territories of modern day Escadia. These were known as the kingdoms of Abengardyn (Western region), Vurfiriitbanr (Mid region) and Rikanekkurar (Eastern region).

Escadian Monarchical Timeline

Monarchical Timeline

Geography

Climate

Urbanization

Escadia has a number of large cities, towns and villages. There are 7 officially recognised metropolitan regions in Escadia (with a population of over 1,000,000). 31 cities have been identified as regiopolis (populations between 250,000 and 1,000,000). There are 27 cities with the population between 100,000 and 250,000 and well over 200 towns, villages and hamlets.

Rank Name State Pop.
1 Rheilach Rhame 7,128,335
2 Askerberg Halvanger 3,012,445
3 Jurvaine Vestsker 2,835,683
4 Aalsted Balleleva 1,523,550
5 Horvrea Vestsker 1,110,345
6 Bausmiera Lungvern 1,090,338
7 Ringlunda Talga 1,032,430
8 Ulkinen Halvanger 876,329
9 Gellis Vestsker 669,450
10 Hokkvern Talga 645,870

Politics

Escadia is a democratic, federal state, organized under a constitution. Leaders are chosen in general elections. An independent judiciary functions with rule by and respect for law. Civil liberties and human rights are scrupulously protected. Escadia is a Parliamentary Republic based on the separation and balancing of legislative, executive and judicial powers. The Constitution is the highest law in the Republic.

The nominal head of state is the President of the Republic, who is selected by the Prime Minister for a four-year term. The current Constitution was drawn up and adopted by the 42nd Lununbahn of Escadia and entered into force in 1975. It has been revised three times since, in 1985, 2002 and 2009. The Constitution, which consists of 125 articles, provides for a separation of powers into executive, legislative, and judicial branches, and grants extensive specific guarantees (further reinforced in 2002) of civil liberties and social rights. Women's suffrage was guaranteed with an amendment to the 1950 Constitution.

From the Constitutional amendment of 1985 the President's duties were curtailed to a significant extent, and they are now largely ceremonial; most political power thus lies in the hands of the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister of the Republic regulates the functions of the powers of the State. He is elected by Parliament for a term of four years and his office is incompatible with any other office, position, or function. To be elected Prime Minister the person should receive a majority of the total number of members of Parliament (151 votes). He appoints the President and, at the recommendation of the latter, he also appoints the rest of the members of the Government and the Deputy Ministers

Legislative powers are exercised by a 300-member elective Parliament (known as the Lununbahn or National Assembly). Statutes passed by the Lununbahn are promulgated by the Prime Minister of the Republic. Lununbahn elections are held every four years, but the Prime Minister of the Republic is obliged to dissolve the Lununbahn earlier on the proposal of the Cabinet, in view of dealing with a national issue of exceptional importance. The Prime Minister is also obliged to dissolve the Lununbahn earlier, if the opposition manages to pass a motion of no confidence.

Justice is administered by the courts, which consists of regular judges who enjoy personal and functional independence. There is a Supreme Court, Appeal Courts and First Instance Courts. A Special Supreme Tribunal deals with the remedy of conflicts between the courts and administrative authorities, or between the Council of State, which is the highest instance, and the regular administrative courts of the one part and of the other part the civil or penal courts, or, finally, between the Council of Comptrollers and the rest of the courts.

Elections

Elections in Escadia include elections to the Lununbahn (which is sometimes considered to be the lower house of the federal parliament - also know as the National Assembly) as well as the representative State Assembly (parliament) of the various states, and local elections.

Federal

Federal elections are conducted approximately every four years, resulting from the constitutional requirement for elections to be held 46 to 48 months after the assembly of the Lununbahn. Elections can be held earlier in exceptional constitutional circumstances: for example, were the Prime Minister to lose a vote of confidence in the Lununbahn, then, during a grace period before the Lununbahn can vote in a replacement Prime Minister, the Prime Minister could request the Federal President to dissolve the Lununbahn and hold elections. Should the Lununbahn be dismissed before the four-year period has ended, elections must be held within 100 days. The exact date of the election is chosen by the President and must be a Sunday or public holiday.

The federal legislature in Escadia has a one chamber parliament—the Lununbahn; the Federal Council represents the regions and is not considered a chamber as its members are not elected. The Lununbahn is elected using a plurality voting systems (first-past-the-post). Voters have one vote and elect a member of Lununbahn for their constituency. The party with the most members elected forms the government. If the winning part fails to win a majority, the government can operate in minority status or work within a coalition.

The Lununbahn has 300 member seats. Each state is divided into what are called constitual districts (ridings) from which members are elected from. The constitual districts differ regionally and are based on population distribution.

State

According to the Escadian constitution, some topics, such as foreign affairs and defence, are the exclusive responsibility of the federation (i.e. the federal level), while others fall under the shared authority of the states and the federation; the states retain residual legislative authority for all other areas, including "culture", which in Escadia includes not only topics such as financial promotion of arts and sciences, but also most forms of education and job training.

State elections are conducted under various rules set by the states. In general they are conducted according to some form of party-list proportional representation, either the same as the federal system or some simplified version. The election period is generally four to five years, and the dates of elections vary from state to state.

The federal constitution, stipulates that the structure of each Federal State's government must "conform to the principles of republican, democratic, and social government, based on the rule of law". Most of the states are governed by a cabinet led by a Premier, together with a unicameral legislative body known as the State Assembly. The states are parliamentary republics and the relationship between their legislative and executive branches mirrors that of the federal system: the legislatures are popularly elected for four or five years (depending on the state), and the Premier is then chosen by a majority vote among the State Assembly members. The Premiere appoints a cabinet to run the state's agencies and to carry out the executive duties of the state's government.

Supreme Court of Escadia

The Supreme Court of Escaida is the highest court of Escadia, the final court of appeals in the Escadian justice system. The court grants permission to between 40 and 75 litigants each year to appeal decisions rendered by state and federal appellate courts. Its decisions are the ultimate expression and application of Escadian law and binding upon all lower courts of Escaida.

The Supreme Court of Escadia is composed of nine judges: the Chief Justice of Escadia and eight Puisne Justices.

Constituent States

Escadia comprises of seven federal states. Each state has its own state constitution and is largely autonomous in regard to its internal organisation.


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State Name Flag Population Constitual Districts Capital Abbreviation
Balleleva Flag Balleleva.svg Aalsted BL
Halvanger Flag Halvanger.svg Askerberg HV
Lungvern Flag Lungvern.svg Bausmiera LU
Otena Flag Otena.svg Varventis OT
Rhame Flag Rhame.svg Rheilach RH
Talga Flag Talga.svg Ringlunda TA
Vestsker Flag Vestsker.svg Jurvaine VE

Economy

Escadia has a large national economy with a high trade surplus, making it one of the biggest capital exporters globally. The service sector contributes around 55% of the total GDP, industry 44.1%, and agriculture 0.9%. Exports account for 47% of national output. The top 10 exports are basic metals, oil and gas, machineries, pharmaceuticals, chemical goods, transport equipments, food products, rubber and plastics, vehicles and electronic equipment.

Companies

Over 3,000 companies are listed on the Escadian Stock Exchange (ESX), with a market cap of over 4.04 trillion $ESK. The Escadian Stock Exchange runs several markets for listing, giving an opportunity for different sized companies to list.

The following companies include some of the largest in major sectors throughout the Escadian economy.

Mining and Metals

Banking and Financial

Energy, Oil and Gas

Transportation

Pharmaceuticals

Communications

Media

Broadcast Television

Sports Broadcast Networks

Infrastructure

With its central position in Uletha, Escadia is a transport hub for the continent. The motorway network (M-Series) is an extensive 6-lane highway that inter-connects the country's largest metropolitan areas. The A-Series (4 lane) trunk network inter-connects large and medium sized cities alongside an extensive system of primary and secondary roadways. Escadia has established a polycentric network of high-speed trains. The MetroLink or ML network of RailEscadia serves major Escadian cities as well as destinations in neighbouring countries with speeds up to 300 km/h (186 mph). The rail network throughout Escadia provides excellent service in most areas. On regular lines, at least one train every two hours will call even in the smallest of villages during the day. Nearly all larger metropolitan areas are served by Light-Rail, Subways and/or bus networks.

Culture

Sports

Football is the most popular sport in Escadia. The Union Associate Football (Associated Football Union or UAF) is the sport's national governing body. There is a league system, with the Escadian Premier League, League 1, League 2 and League 3 on top of the system. The winner of the Premier League is crowned the Escadian football champion. Additionally, there are national cup competitions, most notably the UAF CUP (also known as the Union Cup).

Other popular spectator sports include winter sports, boxing, basketball, ice hockey, tennis and golf. Water sports like sailing, rowing, and swimming are popular as well.

Public Holidays

January 1st - New Years Day
February (second Monday) - Family Day
May 1st - Labor Day
July 1st - Escadia Day (aka Kings Holiday)
August (last Monday) - Summer Festival
December 25 - Winter Festival
December 26 - Winter Festival