|Region||Native to northwestern Antarephia|
|Native speakers||about XX.X million (2018) |
about XXX,XXX L2 speakers
|Writing system||Kadmaric alphabet|
|Official language in||Leresso|
|Regulated by||Պաըւմսօլու Ւրւռյանօ Taqimsạlu Iviryanạ|
Everian is the last living language in the Kadmaric language family, possessing no known connection to other living languages. It is spoken by the Kadmaric people and is the official language of Leresso and the Kadmaric Diaspora.
Everian is classified as the sole survivor of the Kadmaric language family since there is no relationship between it and any other modern language. There is archaeological evidence that a civilization once existed along the banks of the Kadmar River, and thus the language family was named accordingly. Most of what supports the concept behind creating an entirely new language family is the writing system used to write the language.
Many scholars postulate that the Everian language is not actually a language isolate, but a distant relative of the Taukan language family. Claims have been made that speakers of the hypothetical Proto-Everian language were in contact with speakers of the Tenibri language, the most notable similarity between the two languages being the phonetic sound /ç/, a sound that is uncommon among the rest of the world's languages.
Everian, along with Ingerish, is the official language of Leresso and is spoken fluently by approximately 89% of the population, while only 79% claim to use the language in their daily lives. As a result of the rapid modernization of the country, along with the radical internationalist policies of the 1990s, Ingerish was slowly integrated into the fabric of Leressan society, and is presently represented as a core subject in primary and secondary school, and is generally used as the lingua franca of international affairs, high-stakes business deals, etc. The spread of the Ingerish language in Leresso inadvertently led to the creation of the Kadmaric Diaspora, an organization that unites native Everian speakers around the world, as new internationalist policies made it easier for well-educated Leressans to travel abroad and spread Leressan culture. It is an officially recognized language of the Assembly of Nations and some daughter organizations.
Writing system and phonology
The Everian language is written with the native Kadmaric script, a unique alphabet only found in Leresso. In recent years, due to an influx of tourism and interest in Leressan culture, the Leressan government has created a Romantian transcription to make reading Everian somewhat easier for tourists.
The Kadmaric script also uses a unique punctuation system - every sentence ends in a "full stop" (։). The question particle (.) comes at the beginning of a sentence, and indicates that the statement is a question. The exclamation mark (՚) comes at the beginning of a sentence, and indicates an exclamatory statement. Quotation marks («», ‹›) operate as normal Romantian quotation marks. Kadmaric parentheses ( () ) are identical to Romantian parentheses. The Kadmaric script used an emphasis mark (՛) that has since fallen out of use colloquially beginning in the early 20th century, with the mark officially being removed from the list of official characters in the Kadmaric alphabet by the Everian Institute in August 2006. For some ideographic words the abbreviation mark (՟) is used, most notably in ՟Ռծպ, the shortened form of Ռուծպա, meaning God. As a result of the scarcity of gramatically clear and correct instances with which to use the abbreviation mark in colloquial writing, the Everian Institute declared that the abbreviation mark could only be correctly used "In texts with religious connotations"
Everian is a subject-object-verb language with adjective-noun and verb-adverb constructions that is semi-agglutinative, with affixes altering the meaning. Nouns are declined according to case and number (singular, dual, plural, superplural). Proper nouns are declined the same as nouns, with the undeclined proper noun maintaining its original capitalization (յաԼեռեսո, yaLereso). Verbs are conjugated according to tense (remote past, past, future, remote future) and negativity (whether or not the action will be done).
|Point of View||Nominative||Accusative||Genitive||Dative|
|1st person singular||նա (na, I)||նացու (näu, me)||նաղ (nak my/mine)||յանա (yana, to/towards me)|
|2nd person singular||լօմ (lạm, you)||լօմու (lạmu, you)||լօմւղ (lạmik, your)||յալօմ (yalạm, to/towards you)|
|3rd person singular masc.||ըու (qu, he/it)||ըունու (qunu, him/it)||ըուղ (quk, his/its)||յաըու (yaqu, to/towards him/it)|
|3rd person singular fem.||սու (su, she/it)||սունու (sunu, her/it)||սուղ (suk, her/hers/its)||յասու (yasu, to/towards her/it)|
|1st person plural inclusive||օնւ (ạni, we (including you))||օնւցու (ạnïu, us (including you))||օնւղ (ạnik, our/ours (including you))||յանօնւ (yanạni, to/towards us (including you)|
|1st person plural exclusive||անւ (ani, we (excluding you))||անւցու (anïu, us (excluding you))||անւղ (anik, our/ours (excluding you))||յանանւ (yanani, to/towards us (excluding you))|
|2nd person plural||ղօբ (kạb, you (all))||ղօբու (kạbu, you (all))||ղօբւղ (kạbik, your/yours (all))||յաղօբ (yakạb, to you (all))|
|3rd person plural||մու (mu, they)||մունու (munu, them)||մուղ (muk, their, theirs)||յամու (yamu, to them)|
- See also: Reading Maurit on the map
|Ingerish||Everian||Ingerish Transcription||Literal translation|
|Hello! My name is Salan.||՚Սուպօըւ ւպալօմ։ Նաղ պէզացւ Սալան։||Sutạqi italạm! Nak tụzäi Salan.||Peace with you! My name Salan.|
|I give her a rose.||Նա եթօռացւ սունու րուդօ։||Na efạräi sunu vudạ.||I a rose give her.|
|He has not been to Leresso.||Ըու յաԼեռեսո դւյօռապօցւ։||Qu yaLereso diyạratạ̈i.||He to Leresso not been.|
|Goodbye! (formal/informal)||՚Րումայէ լօյածառ։ / ՚Րումլօյած։||Vumayụ lạyaşar! / Vumlạyaş!||See another day soon! (formal/informal)|
- "Առգւդ Պութեսէկալւ 1988". Պաըւմսօլու Ւրւռյանօ. 1988. Retrieved 1 May 2011.