Florescenta (Florescentian: Florescenta, pronounced [flɔɾɛsəˈntɑ]), officially the Republic of Florescenta is a sovereign country in south-eastern part of the island of Wallentha located off the north-western coast of the Ulethian mainland. Florescenta is a parliamentary republic. Its capital and largest city is Porto Real.
See article: Timeline of Florescentan history
The origins of modern Florescenta can be first traced to the arrival of members of the Nortian Tribe from what is now Pretany between 300-400 AD. The circumstances surrounding the ancient migrations were unknown, possibly a population explosion that required outward migration and over-consumption of resources during that time. Another possibility suggested in remnant documentary evidence from the time suggests the Nortians may have been invited to assist in the expulsion of the Ioneans who had invaded from the south. Regardless of the circumstances of their arrival, these people, who are sometimes referred to as the "Old Florescentians", peacefully settled along the Rio Profundo which at that time was under the control of the Schwaldians to the north. By 650 AD Florescenta was a semi-independent realm under the control of a Margrave who was in turn in liege to the Kings of Schwaldia. Owing to it's perilous position on the Schwaldian Marches, the Old Florescentians bore the brunt of the numerous wars between that kingdom and the Beltish Kingdom to the south. The Old Florescentians spoke the Vallian language, a Romantish language that over the years came to be heavily influence by the surrounding Gaermanic languages of Beltgau and Schwaldia. Remnant pockets of this language endured until the XVIII century, when it fell into extinction in favour of the modern Florescentian language spoken there today.
As a result of it's precarious location, the population of Florescenta over the next thousand years was never particularly high; being ravaged by war and disease at every turn. According to modern estimates, it is thought the number of Old Florescentians never exceeded 100,000. Despite their impoverished position, the Old Florescentians were a proud people, and their lords were especially so. The common-folk were known as a master boatmen and fishermen, and worked the rivers and the nearby seas with expert precision. The nobility were also well-renowned in Schwaldia and elsewhere, with the ruling house being amongst the oldest in north-west Uletha.
By the beginning of the XIV century, the Protestant Reformation had erupted in north-west Uletha, and along with their Schwaldian overlords, the Old Florescentians also rejected the papacy and formed their own independent church.
Arrival of the VisclithsGalecia in northern Castellán. However unlike the Schwaldians, the Castellánese were unwilling to accept such a challenge to their authority, and attempted several time to suppress the Visclithic movement. Finally in 1420, the Viscliths were successfully rounded up and rather than tried and punished, the Castellánese authorities simply expelled them from the realm in perpetuity on the grounds of religious heresy.
Initially homeless, news of the Viscliths plight spread rapidly across north-west Uletha. Upon reaching the court of the Old Florescentians, newly crowned and ambitious young margrave, Ricardo III, chose to act on their plight and invited the Viscliths to settle in the sparsely populated Florescentian Marches, and join the Old Florescentian already settled there. With their common heritage as descendants of the Nortian Tribe, the two cultures found they had much in common, and within a generation, what little conflict there had between the two groups was swiftly ended. Put simply, there was more than enough land and resources to go around, and the presence of another 275,000 people in the Profundo valley made attacking it a much more complex venture. Indeed by 1450, the constant back-and-forth fighting between Schwadlia and Beltgau had come to an abrupt end.
Although the Visclith and Old Florescentian cultures merged swiftly over the next 200 years, the subtle differences between them endure to this day. Generally, the Castellánese heritage of Viscliths means that their descendants have much darker features than their Old Florescentian neighbours who are often pale skinned have and either blond or red hair.
War of the Three Crowns and Independence
Eleanor of Ingerland's death in 1636 triggered a succession crisis that rapidly spiralled into a war involving Ingerland, Schwaldia, and Florescenta - the so-called War of the Three Crowns.
The south-eastern of the Transwallent nations, Florescenta lies south of Schwladia, east of Scandmark, is bordered to the east by Kalm and shares short, 6.5 km, border with Ingerland on the west. Florescenta has an extensive coastline on the east and west, facing the Vinn Sea. The country is characterized by mountainous and hilly terrain over 50% of all area.
The maritime influence also dominates Florescenta's climate with mild lowland temperatures on the sea coasts, whereas the interior, while colder, especially in mountainous regions.
Florescenta is divided into 10 administrative provinces.
Florescenta has a developed mixed economy that is classed as a high-income economy.
Transport in Florescenta is developed and modern. The motorway network covers 2,230 km while the railway network totals 3500+ km of operational track including 410 km of high-speed passenger lines.
|Largest Cities (over 50,000 inhabitants)|
|6||Novo Castelo||203,578||See Porto Real|
|15||Fortaleza Do Sul||100,746|
|16||Castelo Do Norte||99,429||See Porto Real|
|17||Tavira||94,302||See Vila António|
|18||Baía De Paz||81,176||See Porto Real|
|19||Ensolarada||79,157||See Porto Real|
|20||Cadaval||74,614||See Vila António|
|21||Sabrosa||72,594||See Porto Real|
|23||Estrela Do Vale||51,392|
References and notes
|Countries of Transwallent nations|