|14, -7.7039, 47.6278|
|Tara-Latinians (51%), Tamarindians (42%), Other (7%)|
|Nationalities||Taraños (44%), Tamarindians (42%) Latinans (7%), Other (7%)|
|• Mayor||Maciel Sedillo Rentería|
|• Vice Mayor||Aquilesia Esquivel|
|• Total||52 km2|
|• Urban||18 km2|
|• Rural||34 km2|
|Elevation||3 - 70 m (10 - 230 ft)|
|• Estimate (2014)||25,082|
|• Census (2011)||23,548|
|Postal Code||FZ1 - FZ12|
Fronterizo is a small coastal town in northern Tara, on the border with Tamarindia. Historically part of the Tara region of Latina, the town lies between 10–230 feet (3–70 m) above sea level, rising steeply northward and westward from the sea front onto limestone cliffs. The older part of the town lies around the two beaches and is protected by a rocky headland.
With a population of around 25,000 Fronterizo is the largest inhabited area on the North Tara coast. The town has fishing and service industries, as well as being a tourist destination. It's close proximity to the border with neighbouring Tamarindia has resulted in a large influx of Tamarindians, who make up approaching half the population in the town. Consequently Fronterizo is known for its Tamarindian feel.
Inhabitants of the town are known as Fronteros.
Fronterizo sits between the sea and the hilly forested area of Alto Bosque, a remnant part of the Tamarindian Rainforest that covers much of the northern area of Tara and its northerly neighbour. The town lies approximately 70km to the north of the Taran capital of New Dublin, with the Tamarindian town Manzanares a further 30km northwards making Fronterizo a comparatively isolated and autonomous community. The former Latina military base, Camp 6, is 20km to the west while the Liberian port of Cabo Bonito is 650km north-east across the Central Ocean.
The most striking feature of the town's geography are two high rocky promontories pointing eastward into the Central Ocean. The northern promontory supports the 11th-century ruins of a native Tarephian temple, the Tar-Aphex, and the southern promontory separates the sea front into two sandy bays, Playa Norte and Playa Sud (commonly La Playa). The beaches are a popular draw for both Tarans (or Taraños as they are called in the town) from New Dublin and the south, and for Tamarindians across the border, making tourism the town's second industry after fishing.
Fronterizo does not have a deep natural harbour so fishing boats tend to moor on the tidal flats to the south of the town, bringing produce to shore on row boats to be sold in the famous Fish Market on Calle Bañado.
The town mostly occupies a long narrow strip of land approximately 1km wide between the Alto Bosque and the sea, and is divided into a number of smaller districts or neighbourhoods. To the north are the old town districts of Pueblo, now the wealthier of the residential areas accommodating the town population, and the commercial and beachfront zone, La Playa. In the south, approximately 6km from the town centre, is the outlying residential area of Nohoval, with the third and most recent zone of Próspero occupying a deforested area to the south-west of the main town.
At the northern fringe of the town is the border control zone for crossing into Tamarindia, and adjacent to this are an industrial and trade estate as well as the town's primary, secondary and tertiary-level school, the Forest School or Escuela del Bosque.
Fronterizo is connected to the outside world by the two Latina-built main highways from New Dublin - the four-lane motorway Route 1 and two lane primary Route 18 which both end at the border town. The motorway continues south a further 155km to the border near Playa Arena and beyond, as the A18 in Latina, all the way to Van Pelt. The coastal road follows the coastline to New Dublin, and is accompanied for much of the way by a parallel two-track railway line which connects New Dublin to Fronterizo via the small town of Conemara. Trains run hourly during the day between the terminals, providing an important route for New Dubliners into Tamarindia, and the journey time is approximately 90 minutes. The municipal council have planned for a small airport south of Nohoval but the decision remains a controversial one and the construction has been delayed, subject to increased interest and development in the area as a centre for tourism, particularly for wealthy Latinians.
The town itself has a tram system which originally served the central areas of La Playa and Pueblo, linking them with the railway station and the border control facility. Recent extensions have been made to loop through the residential zones of Nohoval and Próspero. A bus service connects the town with outlying communities and sites including the school and the village of Paso del Cerro 6km to the west along the forest road, Route 181.
Fronterizo stands close to the site of an 11th Century ruin, the Tar-Aphex, which may have been the tribal home of a lost native Tarephian culture, the Arataíno. The Arataíno were thought to have lived largely in the Tamarindian Rainforest which stretched through the central eastern area of the continent, with the site of Tar-Aphex at the southernmost limit of their historic diaspora. This remains disputed by academics who do not consider the Arataíno likely to have crossed the Tamarin Delta or Río Saguin 50km north of Tar-Aphex. The name itself is a largely invented name that approximates the continent's name as it may have been used by some lost native groups, and this further undermines the academic proposition of Arataíno presence in the area. What can be reliably concluded is that by the time of conquest, as with much of the rainforest area, native tribes were not present in significant numbers and disappeared westward ahead of the slow colonisation of the continent by the Old World powers of the 15th - 17th Centuries.
The first recorded discovery of Tar-Aphex by explorers was in 1588 by Reynaldo Carver, an Irish-speaking adventurer who came to Tarephia as part of the establishment of the colony of Tara (1576). Carver's records make him likely to be the first non-native to visit the area which is now Fronterizo, although he did not establish an encampment in the area. It was some thirty years later that the first vestiges of settlement occurred with the arrival of Tómas de Brea, another Irishman from Nua Divlyn - the centre of Taran culture and modern day capital - who came to the area to avoid enlistment in the defensive forces being recruited to the south. At that time, Tara was already feeling the pressure of expansionism from the southern colony of New Holland which would conquer the country in 1677. But earlier in 1619 de Brea founded a camp on the strategically convenient site of Tar-Aphex, and can reliably be identified as the first resident of the area. Eventually his camp spread with a steady stream of colonists fleeing the tensions in the south, and the hamlet of de Brea's Camp grew organically from 1619 through to conquest of Tara by New Holland in 1677. Tómas de Brea himself is believed to have died around 1632.
De Brea's Camp was destroyed by a unit of Dutch marines who landed in the sheltered bay in 1679 whilst on patrol against privateers from Tamarindia. The captain of the marines, recorded only as 'Gijsbertus', assumed the camp was a guerrilla settlement of the recently defeated Tarans and mercilessly put them to the sword, burning down the village in the process. The area then remained largely empty for the next century, in the outermost reaches of the Rio Liffey region and almost forgotten, although records indicate that Tamarindian whaling boats - and probably privateers - often moored in the shallow tidal sands nearby to come in-land during storms. Later, when a small population settled again in the area under New Holland and then Latina administration, the Tamarindo sailors would begin a long and friendly trading association with the area that continues to this day.
In the years of resistance leading up to the Latina War of Independence in 1799, the empty corner of Rio Liffey, and from 1777 - 1807 The Republic of Southland - provided a refuge for the Dutch colonists just as it had the Irish a century before, and the Frontier Town - Grensstad in Dutch - once more developed in the lee of the cliffs on which sat Tar-Aphex, supplied by Tamarindian 'civilians' sympathetic to the independence cause, predominantly from sea routes but increasingly by land as the Tamarindo developed a coastal road south from the Tamarin Delta. War in earnest rarely came to Grensstad and when it did the locals were fierce fighters well supplied by the Tamarindo. Although there are records of skirmishes in the area, the forces of both the home nations and the colonists largely avoided the area, it being difficult terrain to fight over and the locals largely hostile. The war mostly continued on without much involvement from the Grensstaders.
With the war won and the two former colonies victorious in alliance, Fronterizo proper as we know it today was founded by new Latina charter in 1825 just after unification with independent New Holland. Adopting the Latinian form of the name, Grensstad became Fronterizo but remained, on the whole, an isolated outpost in the great new Latinian nation. Population censuses of the period never put the number in the township above 1,700, and contact with the outside world was more commonly through their Tamarindian neighbours than their own people in the south.
The town has experienced it's most successful period in the last 30 years when expansion through tourism and rationalised fishing practices, combined with advances in transportation, has given Fronterizo an extended period of economic and population growth. Motorway and railway connections to New Dublin and the south have opened the town up to travellers, and the Latinians of the 1970s onwards were keen to explore this remote part of their own country. With the secession of Tara from Latina, and it's rebirth after more than 300 years of colonial occupation, bold new plans from the administration both centrally and locally have continued to subsidise the modernisation of this once remote backwater.
Culture & Community
Through it's economic and cultural boom period of the last thirty years Fronterizo has become a thriving seaside town with an associated tourism economy as well as expansion of it's fishing and digital industries. The rapid increase in the size of the town has led to the development of entertainment and retail areas of the town as well as well-resourced sport and leisure facilities, good educational infrastructure and a large housing stock of mixed private and social housing across the three main districts of Pueblo, Nohoval and Próspero.
Markets & retail
The town is well served by all the main global and continental retail chains with department stores along the main pedestrianised precinct of Calle Principal in the main town centre. These include a strong Latinian commercial presence with many recognisable brands from the Feria Latina and the well known Gobrassanyan outlets Liberty House, D1 and Ein Kauf. There are two superstores serving the town, one in the centre on Playa Norte and a second out-of-town complex on Route 183 to the west of Próspero. A key part of retail life in the town are the markets, with the huge street market on Calle Principal forming the centrepoint of trade and community in the town, and drawing large crowds during the tourist season. Equally as famous as a destination is the fish market alongside the docks in Nohoval, attracting visitors from all over Tara as well as Latina and Tamarindia, whilst serving a key role in feeding the townspeople and maintaining the burgeoning reputation of the local fishing industry. There is a third smaller street market on Salinas, just off the beach in La Playa, which is home to many ethnic Tamarindian traders and is consequently known as the Mercado Tamarindia trading in local goods as well as exotic fruits and other produce from Tamarindia and beyond.
Beaches & parks
The town has two sheltered beaches which form the main draw for the tourist industry, with the 2.5km main beach, Playa Norte, one of the most popular beach resorts in Tara. The second smaller Playa Sud, more commonly referred to as simply La Playa, is approximately 1km long and is considered a more exclusive beach. The two beaches are fronted by a long expanse of maintained green and gardens of the Parque Maritimo and Parque Rincon. Each of the three residential areas also has a good quality parkland for the area, with Parque Guavíyu (Pueblo), Parque de Limia and the award-winning Parque Ronda (Nohoval), Parque Canal and Parque Bilbao (Próspero). The landscaped Parque Bouciña alongside the main road in Nohoval is also a popular draw for local residents particularly from the Barrio Bouciña social housing high-rise flats.
Between the Nohoval housing estates and the civil amenities of the hospital and railway station is the extensive wild meadowland of Los Prados which backs onto the Bajo Bosque - the lower end of the local rainforest and a wildlife preserve with good walking opportunities along the marked nature trails. The Alto Bosque beyond the Route 1 motorway also has managed byways to allow exploration and is a popular attraction for tourists.
Sites & museums
The 11th century Tar-Aphex ruins to the north of the town, an ancient indigenous hill fort and temple complex thought to be a far southern domain of the Arataíno culture, is considered one of the most important historical sites in modern Tara. The ruins are accessed by footpath from the beach areas and are a popular draw for tourists although the historical significance of the site means it is now a protected area of special interest, and general access is restricted to the perimeter of the circular site at the top of the headland. Tar-Aphex and the rocky hill itself, Escarpada, command impressive views over the area and it is likely for this reason the Arataíno sited it where they did.
There is a museum for the site, and for the culture that probably built it, on Playa Norte just off the beach, the Museo Arataíno which offers a compact but rich exploration of the history of the site and of Fronterizo itself. The museum is one of three small museums in the town, along with the Museo de Curiosidades on Ibirapita, La Playa - an eclectic mix of curiosities, antiques, historic works of art and a section dedicated to the history of circus in Tara - and the Museo Médico on the grounds of the Hospital Fronterizo - a famously macabre collection of medical curiosities and exhibits from around the world which has made the museum an international attraction for a very specialist interest. This museum is maintained by the medical university.
The main library, Biblioteca Centríco, is located on Calle Principal opposite the main town hall administrative centre, the Ayuntamiento.
The Council of Arts for the town (Consejo de las Artes de Fronterizo, CAF) are a very active cultural body that oversee arts strategy and provision in the town. CAF manage one major venue, the Centro del Arte theatre and gallery on Plaza Céntrico, which is the main theatrical venue and the headquarters of CAF. The Centro is a modern and well supported venue, considered by many the best Taran theatre outside of New Dublin which attracts many of the continent's top production companies. Teatro Ituzaingó are the resident and main Frontero production company and are based at the Centro. A second established production company, Teatro Nohoval are based in the town, and are known for anarchic street performance and occasional shows at the Centro. They are based in an industrial unit on Calle Atlántico, close to the port, and also conduct performances from their warehouse facility.
The Centro also hosts an important art gallery, the Carrasco, which has exhibited a number of the world's top collections. There are a number of smaller private galleries to be found in the Pueblo and La Playa districts. The Carrasco hosts an annual competition for the town's local artists and is famous for it's chaotic subject matter and some of the local characters who submit works.
CAF was involved in the development of the MundoCine multiplex cinema on the Plaza Céntrico which shows a wide range of mainstream film from all the major production studios of Latina, Tamarindia and other leading film nations, while it also runs it's own small art house cinema, El Diario, located on Ibirapita just off the sea front. This popular small cinema concentrates on world cinema, low budget cinema and local film, with it's own production arm PF (standing for Película Frontero) making one or two low-to-no budget productions annually, usually debuted at the Fronterizo Film Festival. Some of these productions have received critical acclaim and the film festival is a popular attraction for film followers across the continent.
The hub of a thriving cultural and entertainment scene in Fronterizo is the Plaza Céntrico off Playa Norte, with a number of venues catering for a variety of arts and entertainment needs. The recently constructed 61,000m2 site houses one of the main supermarkets for the town, the multiscreen cinema complex MundoCine with restaurants and a casino within the same complex, the Centro del Arte theatre and gallery, as well as bars, restaurants, and La Kivel nightclub all centred around a sculptured pedestrianised plaza. This area is a particular draw at night and is considered the liveliest part of town during evenings with potentially hundreds of revellers making use of the various facilities. The connecting street of Lavalleja which runs between Colón and Paseo Pueblo extends the party further with a street of bars, restaurants, casinos and music venues that comes alive at night. Rincon and Playa Norte house a number of hotels with more bars and restaurants, while the five connecting streets - Los Cinco Calles - are well known for their alternative boutiques and cafés by day that transform at night into intimate music bars and subculture social venues. One street, Guipúzcoa, is the favoured haunt of ethnic Tamarindians with cantinas and music familiar to any traveller to the north-laying country, and is locally known as Tamarindo Town.
The influence of the Shambolic Traditions of Tamarindian culture have always been strong in the area and today are pervasive throughout life and community in Fronterizo. The close proximity of the town to the border, close historic ties and the recent influx of Tamarindians have meant the immigrant culture is part of the rich fabric of everyday life in the town. This even includes an influence over dialect and language with the peculiar anglo-spanic creole of Tamarindia contributing to the lexicon of Fronteros with a range of adjectives, nouns, verbs and especially curses and expletives imported and adopted from the original Tamarindo, while the unusual lilt of that anglo-spanic is now recognisable to cunning linguists among native Latino-Taran young people of the town, much to the dismay of old people.
The two physical centres of Tamarindian culture are undoubtedly the Tamarindian Market on Salinas, and Guipúzcoa, one of 'Los Cinco Calles nicknamed Tamarindo Town. While both are very much open and welcoming to all, and prove popular with visitors to the town, it is to these two places that most Tamarindo gather and where most Tamarindian traders earn their living: the market by day and Tamarindo Town by night. On Guipúzcoa there are a number of bars, restaurants, and cantinas that observe many of the immigrant traditions including the enjoyment of Tepache and Chichas, distilled alcoholic spirits from pineapple and maize respectively, as well as traditional Tamarindian folk music which is a blend of Spanish flamenco, Irish folk and sea chanties. The biggest and most popular venue on the street is the Tamarindo Social Club which is famous across the continent and is something of a pilgrimage site for young Tamarindians in the native country to come and visit in their later youth.
Also on Guipúzcoa is a Casa Búa, a Tamarindian 'spirit house' where observers of the peculiar but widespread Tamarindian belief system, Shambolicism, can come to meditate and otherwise relax from the usually hectic lifestyle of the typical Tamarindo. Shambolicism or more commonly simply Casa Búa is somewhere between a syncretic religion, folk tradition and humanist philosophy; fusing historical lessons relating to the origin of the nation as a pirate enclave with absolute rejection of religion and authority. It provides a pantheon of characters both historical and fictional who interact with the world, somewhat contradictorily, to illustrate an absolute atheism embodied by most Tamarindo. Explicit in the text of Casa Búa is the understanding that believers must be non-believers and all teachings of the principle character Búa are nonsense.
There is an annual two-day street festival across the town, the Carnivál, which includes an explosion of art and street entertainment and parades on each day in wild and grotesque costume, which is very much a reflection of Tamarindian street festivities. The Carnivál is said to be the biggest Tamarindo celebration outside of the country itself, attracting thousands of spectators and participants alike. The parades begin in Oporto by the fish market and nearby streets, gather together on Calle Bañado, and proceed through Nohoval and La Playa, and down Guipúzcoa of course, to conclude on the festival grounds just below Tar-Aphex.
Fronterizo follows the Taran tertiary education model with schools for primary, secondary and further eduction (post-16) as well as two higher education institutions in the town and an alternative school. There are several small primary schools scattered around the neighbourhoods that educate from aged 5 to 11/12; and the town has two main secondary schools to serve the student population, Escuela Nohoval in the Nohoval district to serve both Nohoval and Próspero, and Academia de Brea in La Playa which serves Pueblo, La Playa and parts of Nohoval, particularly the more easterly district around Oporto. Both schools offer education from aged 11 through to 16 and 18.
In the northern outskirts of the town is the forest school, Escuela del Bosque, which offers the full national curriculum thematically linked to the therapeutic and vocational potential of forest management and conservation. The school offers primary, secondary and tertiary places for education from 4 through to 18. Higher education is offered at the Politécnica Fronterizo college in Próspero, which has a full syllabus covering several faculties including arts, sciences and humanities; and the Universidad Médica for qualifications in medicine.
The largest employment sector in Fronterizo is the tourism and service industry, with bars, restaurants, hotels and other entertainment venues offering a mix of seasonal and year-round work for local residents. Fishing out of Oporto in Nohoval is the main non-tourist area of employment, with 108 boats registered for fishing. Of these, there are 8 deep sea trawlers that work extensive grounds in the Central Ocean and northward into the Gulf of Tamarindia, the Tarephian Sea and the Western Ocean. There is a boatyard in Oporto as well as warehousing and small commercial shipping activities although the port does not offer passenger transportation.
The limber industry in the area, whilst mostly tied up by Latinian corporations, does employ some of the local Fronteros up in the forested areas to the west of the town, and there is a mill and processing plant in the centre of the town, Madera Fronterizo, which is connected to the inland felling areas by canal and river. Alongside this is the industrial manufactory, Blythe Industria, a Tamarindian-Taran joint venture which produces fabricated metal products, particularly turned products - screw, nut and bolt - as well as precision engineered products.
With the historic influence of the Roman Catholic church in Tara and the various colonies and independent states that have controlled the area, the principle religion of Fronterizo is Roman Catholic and the church of Santa Darerca has stood in one form or another since the foundation of de Brea's Camp. The first recorded text referencing the church, the Diocese Records of the Catholic church in New Dublin, suggest one Deacon Trellion Blume was sent on mission in 1628 to the northern parts of Tara and founded the church there in 1629, naming it for the saint of his own patronage, Darerca, the mother of saints in Ireland. The original church was razed by Gijsbertus in his attack of 1679, and refounded as a mission to convert Tamarindian sailors who often landed there, around 1765. The current church was constructed between 1825 - 1828 after the declaration of independence by Latinia. Around half the population of the town, the Latino-Taran stock, are catholic by denomination, but the influence of the atheistic Tamarindian culture means that practising Catholics are very few in number. The current pastor of Santa Darerca de Irlanda and the parish of Fronterizo is Father Evander Romo.
The most popular sport both in terms of participation and spectating in Fronterizo is Association Football. There are local leagues for 11-a-side mens and womens football with anywhere up to 30 different teams competing in each league, and Fútsal - indoor 5-a-side football - is equally as popular, and as a spectator sport often more so, with leagues for both genders and mixed gender for junior leagues aged 5-16. Facilities for 11-a-side are located at the Junquera sports centre, Arena Nohoval and Parque Canal in Próspero, while the fútsal leagues are hosted at Junquera, Arena and Parque Bouciña on the Calle Principal.
The town has a semi-professional team, CF Fronterizo, who play at the new 8,000-seater Estadio Junquera and are well supported by the town. Founded in 1953 as an amateur team in the small town (population at the time approximately 7000), CF competed in the local Latinian regional divisions. The golden age of the team was the mid-seventies when CF, riding the wave of expansion in the town, first established its semi-professional constitution and rose to the third tier of Latinian football. Known as Los Junqueros for the ground on which they play, CF were three times winners of their region (1976, 1977, 1981) but failed on each occasion to reach the second division of Latinian football after elimination in a play-off. When Tara seceded from Latina, CF withdrew from the Latinian Football Association but with the country yet to establish a football league, Los Junqueros controversially joined the Tamarindian football system in 2004 after two seasons without senior football. Initially competing in the Barciña municipal league, after three dominant seasons the team was promoted into the Regionala and competes in the fourth tier of Tamarindian football along with top semi-professional teams from South-East Tamarindia.
CF also have a reserve team and youth teams that compete in the local league system as CF Juniors. The main local league, the men's Liga Fronterizo, was founded in 1973 and CF Juniors are one of a handful of dominant local teams, along with Guavíyu, CF Arena Nohoval, Oporto, Renegados, Atlétic Próspero, and Marítimo. In fútsal, popular Nohoval team CF Arena compete directly with CF Juniors for the town's allegiance and in games between them crowds can reach capacity at both Junquera and Arena leisure facilities, making this match one of the sporting events of the year in the town.
Other sports played in the town are gaelic football, handball, hurling and camogie, reflecting wider Taran-Irish preferences, with the St. Darerca Gaelic Athletic Club, commonly St. Darerca Gaels, representing the town in each of the disciplines in national events and leagues. The camogie team in particular are one of the top five teams nationally with several national titles to their name. Basque pelota, an import from Tamarindia, is developing as a popular sport in the town, particularly among Tamarindo immigrants, with courts at Junquera, Arena and in the Parque Ronda in Nohoval.
Pilot gig racing is a traditional rowing sport observed along the Taran and Tamarindian coast, and Fronterizo has it's own club, the Atlántico Gig Club on Calle Atlántico, Oporto.