|7, -40.422, 16.633|
To you, Guai
|Government||Unitary Parliamentary Directorial Republic|
|• Council of State||15 Counsellors of State|
|• Total||29,163 km2|
11,260 sq mi
|• Estimate (2015)||8,985,580|
|• Per capita||TBC|
|• Per capita||TBC|
|HDI (2015)|| 0.923|
|Drives on the||left|
Guai (pronounced /gwaj/), is a country located on the northwestern coast of Antarephia. Guai is bordered to the North by Oxhano, Mamoria and The Kōpere Bay, by The Koropiko Bay to the East, and by the Hesperic Ocean to the South and West. Its capital is Pirindi and the largest city is Vai. It is a small country of 29,074 km2 (11,226 sq mi) and has a population of about 9 million people.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Politics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Infrastructure
- 7 Demographics
- 8 Culture
Guai (oudated Ingerish spelling Gwigh) derives from Guaiian verb Guo ("to grow" as in the plant grows) and -ai suffix denoting a region or a country, hence, "Fertile Land". It is generally accepted that the name was given in comparison with northern areas that are significantly dryer. Guai has no official name. Consequently, it is referred just as Guai for all official purposes.
What is now Guai has been inhabited since at least 15,000 BC. The oldest archaeological remains are those found in Egi Stof Cave, near Uari. By 3,000 BC elements of pre-Taukan culture, collectively known as Kaitese Peoples, developed lower Kaita River Plain and along the northern coast of present-day Uloa. Kaitese seems to have been farmers, mastering Bronze and Iron metallurgy, living in villages surrounded by wooden walls. They are supposed to have been culturally related to the more primitive tribes that inhabited the southern half of the Guaiian Peninsula, but due to the poor quality of the Kaitese artefacts, little is known about them before the arrival of the Taukans.
Taukan tribes that have been established on Confracterran coast, started to move westward, reaching Guai between 2,000BC and 1,000BC. Some of these tribes' name are known as they kept written archives of some of their activities (namely, trades and political decisions). Their Abugida writing system has been in use until the late 17th when Romantian alphabet superseded it completely. By 500BC, Kaitese people had completely fused with the Taukan tribes, leaving some oronyms and hydronyms still existent, and agricultural techniques priorly unknown to the Taukans. Taukans organised themselves in a set of city-states usually ruled by a council of the elders. These city-states are usually divided into those based agriculture and/or mining, and those dedicated to trade by sea or land routes. This period, lasting from 500BC to 200 AD, is known as the Silver Age.
The Golden Age or First Golden Age covers the period lasting from 200 to the early 16th century. Guaiian city-states underwent long peaceful and prosperous periods interrupted by short wars between cities. By the mid 12th century, Pirindi had expended its power over the Central Guaiian Plain (known as Guai at that time), covering today's Poka, Urán, Poro Vai and part of Astel and Uloa. Thanks to its central position, the Republic of Pirindi controlled trade between North and South of the Peninsula but failed to submit Eastern Guai to it rule, leaving out trade with Confracterra to eastern thalassocraties.
Early Modern History
The Castellanese, followed a few decades later by the Ingerish, landed in 1502 in Vai. Due to internal conflicts within the Republic of Pirindi and the bombing of Vai by the Castellanese fleet, a piece of land was ceded to the Castellanese in 1505, on which they were allowed, by the Treaty of Vai Harbour, to build a town with a harbour and a fortress with a limited garrison, and be exempted of any tax when trading with the Republic of Pirindi. Santa María de la Esperanza (today Esperáns) was founded in 1506, a few kilometres west of Vai. In 1584, the Ingerish obtained Saint Georges (now Sandjórj) with the same conditions and almost same location. These first contacts with Ulethans impacted the Guaiian society by bringing new food, techniques, words, religious and philosophical concepts to them. Due to competition between Ingerland and Castellan, the Castellan withdrew in the early 1600s and Santa María de la Esperanza was considered abandoned in 1609, 103 years after it foundation. Saint Georges and its Guaiian suburbs Igri (archaic term for Ingerish) flourished for next half century, although the terms of the original unequal treaty were revised in 1602.
Second Golden Age
In 1632, for a reason unknown to this day, the Ingerish ransacked Havár, a small town in northern Uloa, vassal to the Republic of Keroli and serving as one of its seaport. The powerful Republic of Keroli reacted by building a strong fortress next to Havár and walls to surround Píap. In parallel, it engaged in secret discussions with the Pirindi Council of the Elders, its governing body. The terms of the secret agreement consisted in two main parts: military: Keroli, Pirindi and their vassal republics or Common Lands (farm lands, usually unrepresented in governing bodies) were to levy a common army and navy for their common defence. Economic: a custom union was to be established to boost trades between the city-states. The 250-day War started in September 1648 and formally ended by the Treaty of Pirindi in June 1649. The war opposing the Ingerish and the Guaiians consisted in a succession of unrelated battles, culminated with the storming of Fort Saint-Georges. Contrary to popular belief, extra-judicial public executions of Ingerish did occur in the aftermath of the rendition but the Ingerish population was allowed to stay in Saint Georges, provided they vowed allegiance to the new Union.
1652 is usually considered the start of the Old Republic and of the Second Golden Age, characterised by the enrichment of cities such as Pirindi, Vai, Keroli through newly boosted trades of all sorts and the development of others such as Bimars, home of the new navy and Kūra, home of a new common university. The difference between Common Lands and Republics was abolished and a common Council of the Elders was housed in Pirindi, functioning as a parliament elected by the local Councils of the Elders, elected by local bourgeois men and some land owners. The Council of the Elders on its turn elected a Council of State, in charge of common issues: defence, external trade, diplomacy and currency topics.
In 1791, the Council of the Elders was replaced by the National Council, elected by all men over 25 and paying a 30 Gold Lian tax a year. Republics and Common Lands were abolished and new 13 counties were created instead. This induced the shift to a more centralised republic.
In the late 1820s and early 1830s, Eastern Coast cities fell victim to the Sabishiian Piracy. In 1831, Bimars, the then home of the Navy and main sea port trading with Confracterra, was burnt to the ground by the Sabishiians who managed to escape. These attacks stopped completely in the aftermath of the Great Quake of 1832.
Recent History (1848 to present)
After a decade of heated discussions, a new constitution came into force in February 1848, transforming Guai into a modern democracy.
Located in Northwest Antarephia, Guai consists of a mainland - the Guaiian Peninsula - three main coastal archipelagoes and five lone islands.
The South Coast is 555km-long (345 mi). It is generally low and flat, edged with large sandy beaches and, in some places, with lagoons, enclosed bays and coastal lakes. The region consists of coastal plains that turn more hilly as they reach the Kaila Noe mountains to the north. In the West, as the Kaila Noe reach the Ocean in Hong Peninsula, plains are replaced by a set of hilly plateaus overlooking narrow coastal plains separated by rocky headlands.
This last feature continues on the 459km-long (285 mi) West Coast, up to Djima where it turns flatter. An exception to this description is Vai Harbour (GuaiianVai Vai) which consists of a large semi-enclosed bay where Guai's largest city is located. From Djima, the coast turns north by drawing a large bay cut by a the common estuary of multiple rivers: the Outer Rwtontw (Guaiian: Rwtontw Áui) and the Inner Rwtontw (Guaiian: Rwtontw Ii). After Iẃnonw, the coast is, once more, rather curvy and rocky, forming bays, deep estuaries and cliffed headlands made of granite or rhyolite. The northern part of the shoreline is overlooked by the the low Gorin mountains, until it stoops as it reaches the flat lower Kaita River Plain. The narrow bay separating Guai from its northern neighbours is called Havárana in Guaiian. Over the flooded valley of the Fahun Sound (Guaiian: Kolán Fahun]], spread the Tamán Islands consisting of: Fahun, Kȳrt, Ereda, Marw and Iksa. The Tamán Islands are 354km2-wide and inhabited by a population of 37,520 residents, mostly on Iksa which is, with 169 km2, the largest Guaiian island. Except the quite steep Fahun, other islands are rather low with a hilly centre.
The 739km-long (459 mi) East Coast officially starts at Cape Goh and, except in Bimars surroundings and in Porán Peninsula, consists of a flat shoreline edge with sandy beaches. North of Manarí, the coast forms a complex spit, partly rocky, partly sandy, that guards the 2km-wide inlet to The Rimeko. The Rimeko is a large sound (385 km2 or 149 sq mi) with many bays and branches that stretches some 30km inland and measures about 40km north-to-south. Off Bimars are the 184km2-wide Kegàn Islands consisting of: Dànalas, Wnonke, Merýn and Drwnón are inhabited by 37,460 residents. With around 25,000 residents, Wnonke is the most populous Guaiian island. Contrary to the East Coast, the islands share the same origin as the Kaila Noe, explaining their steep rocky shoreline. Forming the semi-submerged part of Porán Peninsula, the 8 Daks Islands spread over 94km2 for about 6,000 inhabitants.
The 300km-long Kaila Noe - The White Mountains - form the backbone of the Guaiian Peninsula, separating the South Coast from the central part of the country. The southern slopes are steeper than the northern ones which fall into a plateau. From Pirindi, the plateau quickly lowers into the vast and fertile Guaiian Central Plain consisting of the the Upper Guaiian Plain and the Lower Guaiian Plain, separated by the Lavadjóns, an outcrop, mostly covered by grasslands. The plain falls from 10 to 40 meters over the Lavadjóns by some more or less pronounced horsts and cluses. The bottom of the Lower Guaiian Plain is dotted with lakes and pounds, the largest being Lake Peón with 56 km2 or 22 sq mi. The Central Guaiian Plain is connected to the lower Kaita River Valley and the Kaita Valley. The latter starts in Keroli vicinity and is limited to the west by the Erep Hills and to the east by the Kaileda low mountains. Over the Kaileda is the Eda River valley whose course forms the border with Mamoria.
The five lone islands consists of two coastal islands (Nuku and Pásamoto) and three "off-the-coast" islands (Arnaz, Adigar and Zān). Close to Kūra, Nuku is a small 36km2-wide island formed by a central plateau overlooking a narrow coastal lowland. Nuku is the home of 2,500 inhabitants. Lying off Nara and Taikarí Harbour, Pásamoto spreads its sandy beaches. Inhabited by 750 year-round residents, the island is 35km2-wide. Arnaz and Adigar are continental islands while Zān was formed by the now dormant Merena volcano. Arnaz is 78km2-wide for 3,500 year-round residents, Adigar is 127km2-large for 7,500 inhabitants and Zān is only 43km2-wide for 4,000 inhabitants.
Guaiian geology is complex. Most of the peninsula, south of a line linking the Rimeko to the Traón estuary sits on the the Guaiian plate, a micro tectonic plate to the Antarephian plate since the late Oligocene. The regions north of this separation line are part of the Antarephian plate. The Guaiian plate is not considered independent anymore as it follows the movement of the Antarephian plate. The separation line is still noticeable with its string of lakes and riverbeds oriented East-West, followed underwater, by a steep trench on each side of the isthmus. Both trenches are considered inactive.
The continental shelf off the South Coast was originally joined to Paxtar, roughly at Costamedia level. The opening of the Hesperic Ocean provoked the dissociation of the Guaiian plate from Antarephia, its clockwise rotation and migration to the North. The collision with Antarephia, around 30 millions years ago, generated the Kaila Noe orogenesis on the Guaiian plate and chains of low-rise mountains and now-extinct volcanic hills (in Kinar and Karnaki Cantons) on the Antarephian side. Other natural features originate from the wrinkling of the continental crust: the Lavadjóns (an outcrop, mostly covered by grasslands) that separate the Upper Guaiian Plain from its lower counterpart, dotted with lakes and ponds along the same line.
In historical times, volcanism is barely noticeable in Guai. Apart from Merena cinder cone, which erupted twice in the last 500 years, it is mainly visible in hot springs and naturally effervescent mineral water springs, mostly in the northern valleys of the Kaila Noe.
On a synoptic scale, the most important factors that controls the climate in Guai are the Hesperic Anticyclone, the southern circumpolar low pressure area, the warm Kartumia Current, The Koropiko Bay and the Kaila Noe mountain range. South of the Kaila Noe, the oceanic climate (Cfb) dominates. It tends to be rather wetter and colder on Adigar and Arnaz islands than on the continent. In the Kaila Noe, climate is becomes alpine in most locations, except in some enclosed valleys where the climate may be considered continental (Dfb). North of the Kaila Noe, the oceanic climate of the South Coast slowly turns Mediterranean with warm summers (Csb) going east along the Fahun Sound. Further inland to the east and along the East Coast, summers are dryer and warmer and the climate is usually classified as Csa (Hot-summer Mediterranean climate) except in highlands (eastern slopes of the Kaila Noe and Kaileda mountain range), where the it is rather wetter and colder (Cfb).
Due the prevailing winds from the West/South West, Guai is seldom affected by heat waves coming from the dryer northern parts of Antaraphia.
|Cantons of Guai||Districts of Guai|
Vai and Pirindi Districts were respectively taken out of Urán and Poka in the 1961 Territorial Reform.
Guai shares borders with two neighbours to the north:
|Country||Land border (km)||Maritime Borders (km)||Total (km)|
Politics in Guai operates under a framework laid out in the Constitution of Guai. First written in 1848, it made official the system which had been Guai's for over 350 years: a unitary directorial republic. The Constitution was amended many times such as in 1862 to enact universal male suffrage, in 1912 to extend this right to women or 1926 when The National Council's term was changed from four to five years. There are three main governing bodies on the national level: the unicameral National Council (legislative), the Council of State (executive) and the High Court of Guai (judicial). TBC.
The Guaiian Parliament is called The National Council (Guaiian: Rūn Palaóuni) and meets in Pirindi. It is composed of 179 seats. The National Council is elected for 5 years. The Council of State (Guaiian: Rūn Mati) is the government of Guai. Composed of 15 members, it is appointed by The National Council for 5 years, after every new general elections.
Law and judicial system
Law in Guai is mainly of legislative origin. From the late 19th century, these provisions have undergone a comprehensive process of codification. Death penalty was legally abolished in 1908 and the last execution occurred in 1870.
The judicial system of Guai is divided between courts with regular civil and criminal jurisdiction and administrative courts with jurisdiction over litigation between individuals and the public administration. Appeals can be made to one of the five Courts of Appeal, located in Kūra(appeals from Hong, Ítama, Táriao and Matal) Pirindi (appeals from Poka and Poro Pirindi), Vai(appeals from Urán and Poro Vai), Koiri (appeals from Astel, Uloa and Kokin), Píap (appeals from Taupa, Kinar and Karnaki) and Keroli (appeals from Iap). The High Court of Guai is final court of appeals in the Guaiian justice system.
Guai is a middle power in international affairs. Though not officially neutral, Guai tends to pursue multilateral solutions and often acts as mediator in military conflicts.
Guai's armed forces or National Army (Guaiian: Tè Daual Palaóuni) are composed by a land component (Guaiian: Tè Kaat Daual, "The Armed Defence"), the Navy (Guaiian: Tè Daual Ísao, "The Sea Army") and the Air Force (Guaiian: Tè Daual Tango, "The Air Army"). Rakaling is the main base of the Navy.
Traffic keeps to the left side of the road.
The railway network of Guai is operated by the national Railway Company KoPaSa (Guaiian: Tè Korporació Palaóuni tā Snet Arla, lit. National Corporation of Iron Links). KoPaSa provides both long-distance and local train services. Virtually, all lines are electrified using 25 kV 50 Hz AC overhead line and conform to the standard gauge. All trains drive on the left.
Guai's main civil airport in Vai International Airport located in Jom, Urán County. Another minor international airport, Northern Guai International Airport, is located near Ēkw and serves the northern part of the country.
The de facto official language of Guai is Guaiian (Guaiian: Guaii or Bahma Guai).
Guai has got a universal healthcare system since the 1926 Health Law that grouped several healthcare provisions that had existed since the 1870s.
Guai is usually viewed as a very socially progressive society. Married women can vote since 1912 whereas unmarried female proprietaries could vote since the 1840s. Traditionally, few legal restrictions applied to women but those have been repelled, step-by-step, in the course of the 20th century. Same-sex sexual activity has never been criminalised and LGBT rights are quite extensive: same-sex couples have been legally able to marry and adopt since 1998. Registered Partnership Law of 1988 apply to both heterosexual and homosexual couples. Vai houses a vibrant LGBT community whereas its northern neighbourhood Djima is famous for its annual Pride Parade in early December. Social equality is quite central in Guaiian culture. The country has always been a republic or a set of semi-independent republics and privileges and rights of the upper bourgeoisie vanished in the mid and late 18th century.
Until at least the first half of the 20th century, dominant belief in Guai was called Ohoism, an amalgamation of religio-philosophical traditions that has a significant impact on shaping Guaiian culture. Since then it has steadily declined and today Guai has one of the least religious populations in the world.