History of Karolia

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Prehistory

The earliest known human habitation dates from the approximate end of the Ice Age, when the glaciers that covered most of the country retreated and nomadic hunter-gatherers lived on the herds of bison and other smaller animals that became abundant in the area. Early humans in the sub-mountainous areas appear to have made use of caves as dwellings, and archaeologists have uncovered fireplaces, bones of both animals and humans and stone and bone tools. More significantly, raw and chewed seeds and berries have been preserved indicating the approximate time at which foraging and early attempts at cultivation began. Several caves have paintings of animals and what are assumed to be gods and spirits of the hunt, made using ground earth, blood and vegetable pigments.

Farming of grain and animal husbandry appears to have been practised in the areas around the Majos valley from around 8000BC. Sheep and goat farming led to more permanent settlements, although many early Karolians were still nomadic herders of deer and cattle. The domestication of horses was also an important development at this time.

Bronze Age

Iron Age

Medieval period

Wars of the Baronacies

Fifteenth Century

Sixteenth Century

Seventeenth Century

Eighteenth Century

Colonialism

Wars of Unification

Nineteenth Century

Industrialisation

Transport

Railway building was carried out at a great speed in the years between 1850-1890. Almost every settlement in the lowland areas was connected to the network and fast steam trains, capable of over 100km/h, linked major cities.

Social Revolution

Working and living conditions in major industrial cities were usually poor for the lowest level of workers, with few employment rights, non-existent safety measures and widespread exploitation. In 1878 a group of Labour KL began a movement to improve the situation. This was fiercely opposed by the Liberals who represented the interests of the factory owners. It was not until 1890 that the first bill was passed to change the situation.

The new laws were extensive and at the time radical, and have been described as 'one of, if not the, most significant change to a nation's social structure and balance of power ever enacted through legislation.' Workers were given rights regarding hours of work, paid and unpaid holidays, safety at work, fair pay and tenancies. Perhaps most significantly, the powers of the President were largely transferred to the Chancellor and universal suffrage for all over 21 was introduced. An additional bill in 1917 gave further rights including childcare, a state healthcare provider, progressive tax bands and further welfare provisions. This created the

Twentieth Century

Industry

Transport

By 1950 the steam locomotives had almost disappeared, replaced by new diesels which increased efficiency and reduced line speeds. These in turn were replaced in the 1970-80s by electrified lines and the construction of a high-speed network from 1986.

Sport

Karolia is regarded as having a 'golden age' of football in the mid-1980s. The country hosted and won the men's World Cup in 1986.

Twenty-First Century

Karolia has been amongst the twenty largest economies since 2000 and this period has seen exports continue to rise. There have been continued diplomatic tensions with Belphenia during this period; in 2011 the latter country's new government banned the Siikesilla from its territory, causing outrage amongst Karolians. After a failed attempt was made to legalise it in 2015, a provocative rap video further stirred up controversy.

Karolia maintains one of the most equal societies in the world, although the wealth gap has increased slightly in recent years. There have been cautious moves to further liberalise the economy and encourage private business whilst keeping key industries under state control.