Ispelia, officially the Republic of Ispelia (Repubblica ispeliana) is a federal republic of 24.5 million people in Eastern Uletha. Ispelia is a parliamentary representative democracy comprising four federal states: Balzavì, Vittorio, Medicarlo e Sandomenico. The capital and largest city, with a population exceeding 3.2 million, is Fortuna, in the southern state of Balzavì, on the Western coast. Other important cities are: Torre (the second largest city of the country with 2.1 million, administrative capital of Sandomenico), Avidoma (1.4 million), Ravigà (1.1 million, capital of Vittorio), Antonile (0,9 million, capital of Medicarlo), Divanto (0.8 million).
The Communities Period (1100-1390)
The Period of the Green Sun Kingdom (Regno del Sole Verde) (1390-1488)
The Rossio Reign (1488-1680)
The Simalia Empire (1680-1721)
The Civil War (1723-1757) and the Treaty of Olise (1758)
The Ricostituzione and the establishment of the modern Ispelian State (1798-1955)
The Ispelian Federation was officially born in 1955. This is the result of a long transition which started in the late 18th century and is known as Reconstitution (Ricostituzione, 1798-1955).
At the start of the Reconstitution the following states occupied the current area of Ispelia and Vartasimalia:
In the South: Colonia (capital Fortuna) and Balzavarta, the biggest, in the south-east (Avidoma)
In the Centre: Simalia (Verena), Vittorio (Ravigà) and Rossio (Ludino)
In the North: Medi (Divanto), Carlo (San Giorgio le Baronie) and Palavio (Trivalia).
At that time the need of a united country had started to become a priority: the emergence of new social middle classes, the development of industry and commerce at their early stages with consequent social emergencies urged part of the population (led by courageous leaders) to raise against local authorities claiming better living conditions and political rights. The early forms of protest soon developed into big and in some occasion fierce riots (L’eccidio di Torre, Torre massacre, 1828, Le tre giornate di Fenilia, The three days of Fenilia, 1855).
The last five years of the Reconstitution were the decisive ones, with the birth of the current four states that compose Ispelia and the State of Vartasimalia. The first to declare its independence was Palavio in 1861, that renamed itself Sandomenico: a new Parliament and a modern Constitution were imposed to the governing royal family. King Carlo Principe was forced to transfer the capital from the old and corrupted Trivalia to the modern and progressive Torre. A new army was soon created in Sandomenico and it called for voluntary forces, who came to join from all the other States. This army got ready and started its descend to set the Centre and the South part of the future nation free: Medi and Carlo declared the constitution of a new joint State, Medicarlo (1863), Simalia dismissed the old political class and declared a new course with authorities backing the reconstitution (1863); the royal family, the Costante, supported the new liberal wave thus securing itself the continuation of the monarchy. The ruling family in Vittorio (the Abasino) decided to join for economic and political reasons after obtaining reassurance of a future sort of political structure that would maintain their independence in many sectors (1863). Rossio, where the majority of the population was Victorian, merged into Vittorio disappearing from the geographical maps after a glorious past of 450 years: it was a difficult but necessary decision for King Antonio Malaghìa; the capital Ludino ended its long detained role as a rich and refined capital but kept the leadership in arts, architecture and culture.
Fundamental to the success of this process was the activity of politician and strategist Giacomo Ricciotti, who became the national Reconstitution hero (controversial but generally loved by the majority of Ispelian and Vartasimelian people). The battles against the local kingdom of Balzavarta, (King Paolo Sattino) was the most difficult and led to violent clashes between the Sandomenico and local army. Giacomo Ricciotti and the military ability of the General Glauco Sartelli eventually defeated the king Sattino troups in the most memorable battle near Valbarigi, in early 1864. Balzavarta fell and a new country was declared: Balzavì, formed by the southern part of Balzavarta and the former State of Colonia (1864). The north part joined the state of Simalia, which was renamed Vartasimalia; Verena kept its role of capital (1865) and the country kept its emperor Giacomo III. Avidoma, the big Darcodian Sea capital of the South found itself without a role, replaced by Fortuna (former capital of Colonia), more vibrant and open to the increasing commercial and cultural influence of the Kaspen Sea of Eastern Uletha.
In 1865 the new political layout was completed. The newly established governing classes agreed to come to a higher grade of integration in years to come. This was only realized recently in May 1955 when plebiscites held in the five countries in 1951 led to the establishment of Ispelia, the federation of four state as we know it today, with federal capital Fortuna. Vittorio, expected not to join the federation for having been the main cause of the delay of the creation of the federation, surprisingly voted in favor. The biggest surprise was Vartasimalia, where the votes against determined the exclusion. Today every now and then political parties in this country bring the topic of the reform of the country, calling for the elimination of the monarchy and the inclusion into the federation (l’Inclusione) to the attention of the electorate.
The creation of the nation Ispelia in the 19th century was the outcome of a process driven by: 1) common sense of belonging of the Ispelian people (music, literature, poetry were expression of a common feeling).
2) the economic need of the former states to belong to a large entity to cater for increased development and commercial exchanges.
3) the usage of a common language, Ispelian, widespread throughout the countries and basis to a common culture. Only exception was Vittorio, where there is a different culture and a different (even though similar) language is spoken, Victorian (Viktoriana).
The Joining of EUOIA Eastern Ulethan Organisation of Independent Allies
Current Prime Minister Eraldo Castaldi, leader of the centre-left party Linea Progressista, leads the majority in the Camera dei Deputati after the last elections in April 2015. In the Senato, expression of the Federal governments, the centre-right Alleanza Futuro achieved half of the votes, redulting in difficulty for the ruling party to conduct an effective policy and making it seek compromises and difficult agreements.
Previous Governments and Prime Ministers:
2011-2015 Luigi Scarpati, Alleanza Futuro
2008-2011 Eliana Battaro, Alleanza Futuro
2003-2008 Luigi Scarpati, Alleanza Futuro
1999-2003 Luca Zanotti, Linea Progressista
1995-1999 Luca Zanotti, Linea Progressista
The motto of ENTI (Ente Nazionale Turismo Ispeliano - the national tourist board which coordinates the federal tourism policy) is: Ispelia: autentico paradiso - Ispelia: paradise disclosed
Ispelia ranks high in the list of the most visited countries as a tourism destination, due to the wide offer of historical cities and sites, natural parks and protected areas, mountain and seaside resorts.
The most important attraction of the country are the historical cities: Ludino, the old capital of the Green Sun Kingdome and then of the Rossio Reign, with ancient buildings, parks and churches attracts millions of visitors throughout the year.
Ispelian (Ispeliano) is the widespread spoken language in Ispelia.It belongs to the Uletarephian/Romantish languages family.
Vartano spoken in the southern region of Vartasimalia
Balzavino spoken in the southern eastern part of Ispelia (Avidoma)
Fortunese or Colonnese in the southern western part of Ispelia (Fortuna)
Domenichino in the northern part (Torre)
Carlotto in the center of the country
Victorian(Viktoriana): dialect of the State Vittorio. This language is taught in schools and granted special protection.
Karolian spoken by a minority of population in the eastern part of Sandomenico and the city of (Sommariva) The languistic and cultural differences are ricognized by the central federal government.
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