Jōbunhakke

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Parliament of the Republic of Kojo
Jōbunhakke
55th legislature
Type
unicameral
FoundedJanuary 4, 1834
Structure
Seats416
Length of term4 years
proportional representation (mixed-member)
Website
www.joobunhakke.ko
Spectrum of political parties in Kojo

The Jōbunhakke is the unicameral parliament of the Republic of Kojo. It forms the legislative branch of government, and is elected through proportional representation (mixed-member). Its standard member-count is 404, although the actual number is usually higher due to levelling seats.

Current Legislature

The current Jōbunhakke consists of a total of 416 members; 202 each directly elected from their respective voting district, an additional 202 from the parties' candidate lists, and an additional 12 levelling-members from the parties' lists to level for directly elected candidates of parties that won more seats directly than they would be allocated by their relative share of votes.

The represented parties are:

  • Ra'ékomsha so Kushuen, "Conservatives' Party", RK, 27%/112 seats
  • Myingsa-Demomínzusha so Kushuen, "Social-Democrats' Party", MDK, 22%/92
  • Guruēn Dóze, "Green Left", GD, 15%/62
  • Baré Fosshi, "Forward strongly", BF, 11%/46
  • Ganfol Mónal Lui, "Group for Moral", GAN, 10%/42
  • Azato-Figúyensur so Kushuen, "Party of free Liberalism", AFK, 9%/37
  • Menkoli-Koerósal Linbi, "Strong Tree Trunk Movement", MKL, 6%/25

Compared to the last election, MKL gained seats by increasing their national visibility and exceeding the 5%-hurdle for the first time. While last election they only entered parliament by 3 locally won seats in Degyáhin-iki, at this election they put up candidates across the country. They mostly won over voters from the GD and BF and some from the RK. MDK, who won the last election, lost votes across the politcal spectrum, making RK the strongest fraction.

Electoral system

The Jōbunhakke is elected every 4 years through proportional representation (mixed-member); that means, voters vote for parties to get seats in parliament, while also voting (with a second vote) for a local representative. In the final seating, half of all members of parliament are therefore direct representatives of their local community. The other half of elected members however also usually stood for election in a voting district, just with the difference that they didn't win the majority of 2nd votes there but instead entered parliament over their party's candidate list. As a result, every voting district in the nation is represented by at least one, and on average by two members of parliament. However, while retaining this local representation the parties' share of seats in the house is still being determined by the total share of votes they got nation wide, by allocating leveling seats to parties that would lose relative voting power otherwise.

Past Legislatures

1st Constitution (1834-1939)

Legislature ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
1st (1834-1837)
2nd (1837-1841)
3rd (1841-1845)
4th (1845-1849)
5th (1853-1858)
6th (1858-1862)
7th (1862-1863)
8th (1863-1868)
9th (1868-1872)
10th (1872-1876)
11th (1876-1880)
12th (1880-1884)
13th (1884-1888)
14th (1888-1895)!
15th (1895-1897)!
16th (1897-1901)
17th (1901-1905)
18th (1905-1909)
19th (1909-1913)
20th (1913-1914)!
21st (1914-1916)!
22nd (1916-1920)
23rd (1920-1924)
24th (1924-1928)
25th (1928-1931)!
26th (1931-1933)!
27th (1933-1934)!
28th (1934-1937)!
29th (1937-1938)!
30th (1938-1938)!
31st (1938-1939)!
32nd (1939-1939)!
33rd (1939-1939)!

2nd Constitution (since 1939)

Legislature MDK RK AFK GD MKL ... ... ... ...
34th (1939-1941)
35th (1941-1945)
36th (1945-1949)
37th (1949-1952)
38th (1952-1956)
39th (1956-1960)
40th (1960-1964)
41st (1964-1968)
42nd (1968-1972)
43rd (1972-1976)
44th (1976-1977)
45th (1977-1978)
46th (1978-1978)
47th (1978-1982)
48th (1982-1986)
49th (1986-1990)
50th (1994-1998)
51st (1998-2004)
52nd (2004-2008)
53rd (2008-2011)
54th (2011-2015)
55th (2015-now)


Building and Surroundings

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