|11, 34.2226, 119.9693|
"Gangmi sum balgafáchūm'yu ki Balgafáchūm"
Prosperity to tame the Ocean
|• Total||318.9 km2|
|• Census (2015)||1 210 000|
Jaka (dʑaka) is the fourth largest city in the Republic of Kojo, and its most important sea port. Situated in the low-lying and flood prone marsh areas of the delta of the country's largest river, the Kime, in Pacchipyan-iki, its historic as well as modern city layout is tightly connected to the ups and downs of the sea. It is famous for it's extensive system of canals winding through the old city, where tourists can marvel the rich architecture and history of the century old trade metropolis.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 The City's Relationship with Water
- 4 Administration and Demographics
- 5 Transportation
- 6 Economy
- 7 Tourism
- 8 Education
- 9 Leisure
- 10 Sports and Culture
Due to the rough nature of the surrounding swamps and marsh lands there weren't any notable settlements in the Kime delta until the 13th century. Excavations have shown that probably around 1270 a first permanent settlement was established, using wooden poles up to 15 meters long that were forced deep into the ground to provide stability for the dwellings above. The village's population has been estimated to have reached around 700 people by the middle 14th century, with fishery being the inhabitants' main source of income.
The city's development was to accelerate dramatically from the year 1501 onwards; up to that point the village was just a small fishing outpost in the relatively influential Pakkyaeraeng kingdom, which was one of the hundreds of small kingdoms occupying the area what today is the Republic of Kojo. It stretched approximately from the area eastern of today's Hetta to today's Ojufyeng in the east, and from the south along the river Kime from an area in between today's Kimelíngsan-shu and Láoféi up to the rivers delta in the south. In the year 1501 on September 4th, which today is the city's official holiday, King Tayáguē decided not only to lift a strict ban on any foreign trade for the kingdom's merchants, but also to grant the small fishing village the right to trade any products without any tariffs or restrictions. The city quickly became a reloading point for foreign merchants from overseas as well as from the kingdoms at the upstream river Kime and attracted wealthy traders and manufacturers. During that time the city's inner canals were built; firstly the Ibi Takā (in modern Kojolese, Canals are referred to as Tyanhā, but in Jaka the traditional term is still used for the 4 old canals) was built, to grant access to the river Kime via its outflow Gochāka as well as the ocean with less interruptions due to low or high tides. From 1501 to 1567 the 4 "old" canals were built, with the Ibi Takā and the Kū Fyuetang ("old harbour") being completed around 1508 and the 3 other inner city canals Fizo Takā, Tayáguē Takā (named after King Tayáguē who died a few months prior to the canals completion) and Betto Takā being finished in 1522, 1535 and 1547, respectively. The city quickly became the kingdom's largest, and was well connected culturally and economically to other trade centres on the Sound of Pa. The rise of trade and wealth of the city's merchants however ironically brought about the overthrow of the Pakkyaeraeng's rule over the city, when in 1547 the confident merchant class took over control, rededicated the palace to the new town hall and effectively ended the king's rule inside the city boundary. The Pakkyaeraeng kingdom would however continue to exist and rule over the rest of the territory until the Kojolese civil war.
The civil war in the 1620's (refer to The Kojolese History) brought cruelty, hunger and masses of people from the west, east and north to the Pakkyaeraeng kingdom; the Pakkyaeraeng rule disintegrated and even wealthy and independent cities like Jaka struggled. Living conditions got worse and the city just merely survived. When King Surb Rēkku from the Pyilser-krun'a Dynasty in Pyingshum started unifying the country in the middle of the 17th century, the city's merchants were quick to follow him, negotiating generous trading benefits such as the right to set the tariffs in the city limits on their own. In 1668 the Kingdom of Kojo was officially established, and entered the phase of the High Pyilser-krun'a Dynasty. As early as 1678 the rulers in Pyingshum recognized the importance of Jaka as the new country's major overseas trading port, and decided to rapidly expand the cities canal system. Huge parts of the population that had just settled after the great wave had to be relocated, so that over a period of 35 years the 3 concentric ring canals Choéum Tyanhā, Separi Tyanhā and Hōzang Tyanhā could be built.
Naturally, industrialization had a great impact on the city, which grew rapidly over its old limits from the early 19th century onwards. Most parts of the rectangular and gridded new town were built during the course of the 1800's. With the rise of large modern ships transporting unseen amounts of goods it became necessary to build new harbour facilities to the west, outside of the old city core. When the democratic revolution took place in 1834, the people of Jaka were neither particularly happy or upset with it; it was more perceived like a revolution in "distant Pyingshum", and it didn't have much immediate impact on the people's everyday life in other large cities other than the capital. In 1870 the new, and until today numerously expanded central railway station was constructed where until then a chronically overused mixed passenger and railway station had stood.
Until today the city has managed to stay a top-tier harbour, for international as well as domestic transportation. Today the city core is touristic hot spot, with the new modern harbour to the west handling everything from small fishing boats to the world's largest container ships.
The City's Relationship with Water
Administration and Demographics
List of Dengshōs in Jaka
|Name of Dengshō & Number||English translation||area||population||pop. density||Notes|
|Kédyuro (1)||Centre-Borough||km²||inh./km²||Pronounced like "Kaedro/Kaédro" in local dialect|
|Kūyaerkir (2)||[Oldland]-Borough||km²||inh./km²||North of the inner city|
|Makalasueng (3)||137,0 km²||160,000||1,168 inh./km²|
|Sang'gyóyuē (4)||[Upstream town]-Borough||km²||inh./km²|
List of Pangs in Dengshō 3 - Makalasueng
|Name of Pang||English translation||area in km²||population||pop. density||Notes|
|Makalasueng||7.6 km²||600||77 inh./km²|
|Pommuel||Apple Village||8.2 km²||2,600||317 inh./km²|
|Chinjaei-Kibō||Newland-North||8.1 km²||39,900||4,926 inh./km²|
|Oráibyacchi||22.8 km²||22,000||965 inh./km²|
|Pacchisol||Wet path||23.2 km²||24,600||1,060 inh./km²|
|Maéida||Nice Field||23,3 km²||26,300||1,129 inh./km²|
|Hosuemkala||Hosuem Beach||11.7 km²||10,100||863 inh./km²|
|Jaka Intl. Airport - Municipal Territory||16.5 km²||0||0 inh./km²||Under direct administration of the city government|
Jaka's railway terminus Jaka Kayaran (Kayaran being an archaic word from the Pyilser language) is connecting the city to other cities in the country and abroad via the IC, CC and regional rail. The following table shows all IC and CC services accessing Jaka:
|IC 1||Pyingshum ADC, PSM Int. Airport, Kahyuemgúchi, Leshfyomi-sul, Púlmaerong ZC (Kippa), Kippa ZC, Láoféi, Kimelíngsan-shu, Jaka Kayaran||1 h||(3+3)||-/-|
|IC 1 E||Pyingshum ADC, Kippa ZC, Jaka Kayaran||1 h||(4S+4)||Suéperyoer class available|
|IC 2||Ataraxie-Ville, Marbella, Ántibes,||Finkyáse, Zúkshi (Fóskiman h.), Womenlū, Hetta, Jaka Kayaran, Ojufyeng, Arákkanai, Kwaengdō ZC,||Kwaengdō Shaddóti||1 h||(3+4S)|| "Name"|
Suéperyoer class available
|Zúkshi (Cheryuman h.), Tsuyenji||1 h|
|CC 52||Jaka Kayaran, Ojufyeng, Arákkanai, Yoyomi, Kari, Toefyei, Tsuyenji||1 h||(1N+1N)||Single traction YYM-TSU|
Papáta Huwochē, "Papáchē"
The Jaka Metro system serves as a quick mode of transport to get around the city, especially into and out of the city centre. Many metro termini are also regional railway stations, allowing for efficient transfers for commuters from out of town. Due to its suburban character, with only a small portion of the tracks running underground in the city centre, as well as technical details, the metro of Jaka is not classified as a Chitachē, but instead is classified as an express (Papáchē) network. It can't be considered an Ésubān because it is not fully compatible with standard railways in Kojo.
The platforms and carriages are 200 m long, and the newest line D is operated driver-less. During rush hour the frequency of a line is usually under 5 minutes, with even denser sequences during special events.
The tram network serves the area in and around the city centre, with some lines reaching out into the suburbs. The tram lines often connect to metro stations, and most lines meet at the central railway station Jaka Kayaran. In the city centre they often run through the wide pedestrian zones to avoid the narrow and sharply edged alley ways; for that reason, the carriages on most lines are also comparably slim and short, but tall.
Buses are especially prevalent in the outer suburbs, and to transport passengers to metro stations or tram stops.
Jaka International Airport features two intersecting runways, enabling safe landing and take-offs even during strong coastal wind currents. The airport is the country's third busiest, handling about 14 million passengers per year and 143,000 flight movements. It also serves the shortest flights departing from Kojo at just over 100 km, across the sound of Pa to Elizabethville in Ataraxia.
The city of Jaka is closely associated world wide with its well-known Sport University, the Chuso Azugáki-Folajji (lit. "4 Houses College). This public university is focused on everything related to sports, from competitive sporting over physical education in schools to research in the field of sport and health.
Additionally, Tampo-Joelgue Ōnagara provides the city with a general set of tertiary education programmes, and although many students go to different cities at least for their Masters Degree, the University is well known for its programmes in business administration and business law, amongst others by the BMS University Ranking.
The Kojolese armed forces have one of two military universities in Jaka, with a special focus on the marine.