|12, -32.4676, 135.8847|
|• Mayor||Glenn C. Crandall|
|Elevation||9 m (30 ft)|
|• Estimate (2018)||1,142,953|
|Metro||Jundah Metro Rail|
Jundah, officially the City of Jundah, is the capital and most populous city in the state of Tauhon, Federal States of Archanta, with an estimated population of 1,142,953. The expansive 300-square mile city is located on the coast of the Naobanian Sea, and extends inland toward the San Felipe River. Jundah is the economic and cultural center of the Jundah-Stuart Metropolitan Area, which is home to more than 3 million people, making it one of the largest population centers on the west coast of the Federal States.
Nicknamed the “City of Sails” for its historical importance as a harbor city, Jundah is known for its warm climate year-round, natural beauty, and sprawling cityscape. There exist various landscapes including mountains, beaches, plains, and wetlands all within Jundah's city limits. Jundah's famous tourist attractions and cultural institutions, including Santa Rosita Beach, the historic Harborside Village, and the Museum District draw 12 million visitors annually. With three prestigious universities, Jundah also contains a large proportion of students and highly educated individuals. Jundah and the surrounding metropolitan area have a wide economic base in manufacturing, technology, healthcare, and tourism.
Jundah was first settled by an indigenous Tauhonian population circa 850 CE. The name Jundah meant "wide waters," and referred to the widening of the Stuart River south of the city. In the few hundred years prior to Federal States independence, Jundah was under Castellanese and later Ingerish influence. The Ingerish settlements in Jundah were located in present-day Harborside, South End, and Ingerish Hill.
The increasing popularity of the automobile and expanding suburban development has encouraged urban sprawl in Jundah and surrounding cities. Besides the urban core, many amenities are spread out over large distances, so many residents depend on a car for transportation, which has caused traffic congestion to become a major concern. Recently, the government has increased efforts to improve public transportation and limit congestion, but has faced many challenges because of the city's sparse geography.
The city of Jundah stretches between the Naobanian Sea and the San Felipe River, with the Grantwood Hills running east-west along the middle. The city center is located along the river side, while communities north of the Grantwood Hills are generally referred to as North Jundah.
The Jundah metropolitan area is surrounded by estuaries. Since the region experiences little rainfall, many rivers are seasonal. The San Felipe River is a tidal estuary as far as JSI Airport and receives water from the ocean year-round.
Under the Köppen climate classification, Jundah has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csb).
|Climate data for Jundah, 1988–2016|
|Average high °C (°F)||19.9
|Average low °C (°F)||9.7
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||87
|Source: Jundah University|
Elementary, middle, and high schools
The majority of Jundah residents aged 5-18 enroll in public school for elementary, middle, and high school. Elementary and middle schools tend to serve smaller geographical areas, several of which are zoned to each high school. The largest high schools are Jundah Central in Downtown (enrollment 2800) and Santos Memorial in the Flatlands (enrollment 2500).
The city operates three specialized high schools: Wynnett High School for the Arts, Jundah Technical High School, and Archer High School for Medical Professions. Attendance is free for Jundah residents, and each school has a specific admissions process for prospective students in 8th grade.
Jundah is also home to the historically elite boarding school Anderson Academy, which serves grades 7-12 and is located on Ingerish Hill.
The largest university in Jundah is Tauhon State University Jundah, a public university of 22,000 undergraduates and 14,000 graduate students in West Jundah. The city is also home to Jundah University, a private university that educates a total of 12,000 undergraduates and 19,000 graduate students. Hastings Institute of Technology is a private university of 4,200 undergraduates with a primary focus on science and engineering. The city's primary community colleges are Jundah City College and Jundah Technical College.
Most residents in the Jundah metropolitan area travel by car because most residential areas are poorly served by public transportation. However, to alleviate traffic and reduce emissions, the Jundah administration has launched efforts to improve the bus, subway, and rail access in the past 20 years. The Jundah Metro Rail consists of four lines and serves most urbanized neighborhoods in Jundah and Stuart. The CapitalRail commuter rail system provides access to further destinations outside the city.
The three primary highways traveling through central Jundah are the Santa Rosita Freeway (Interstate 80/380), the Central Jundah Expressway (Route 28A), and the Old Colony Expressway (Interstate 80/215), all of which meet in Harborside. The Grantwoods Freeway (Route 3) traverses the western half of the city. G. E. Parsons Drive and Colinas Parkway, two connected roads for passenger cars only, run along the San Felipe river southwest of Downtown and connect the Grantwoods Freeway to the other highways.
Jundah Avenue is the primary east-west thoroughfare of Jundah. The street runs from Central Station to Santa Rosita. Broad Street is the city's primary north-south thoroughfare, running from the Fleming Tunnel to Mayfield Road.
Jundah uses coordinate-based addressing on all roads based on a unique scheme devised in 1984. The address of a building is its distance (in degrees divided by 10,000) from a perpendicular street designated as the zero line. Even addresses are always found on the right-hand side of the road when traveling in the direction of increasing numbers. Cranston Avenue, Park Avenue, and Greene Street make up the zero line for addresses on north-south streets, and Memorial Boulevard is the zero line for addresses on east-west streets. In order to keep addresses unique, streets will always change names or be prefixed with a compass direction upon crossing one of the zero-line streets (e.g. Page Avenue vs. South Page Avenue). The designation of prefixes is not always consistent, but in general, "South" and "West" are the most common prefixes, whereas "North" is less common, and "East" is never used.
Bridges and tunnels
There are six crossings of the San Felipe River that allow cars to enter Jundah. All of the crossings lead to Stuart, except the Minnekan Bridge which leads to Mooresferry. The following crossings are listed from east to west.
|Name||Highway||Inbound connection||Outbound connection||Standard toll||Operator|
|Redman Arch Bridge||Interstate 380||Santa Rosita Freeway||Santa Rosita Freeway||JPort|
|Glenmore Memorial Bridge||Route 15||Peninsula Avenue||Port Drive||JPort|
|Fleming Tunnel||Route 28A||Central Jundah Expressway/Broad Street||Castellan Trail Parkway (Route 28)||$1.50||Jundah Metro|
|Narrows Port Bridge||Interstate 80/215||Old Colony Expressway||Stuart Tollway||$1.50||JPort|
|Marcel Garcia Bridge||Route 28||Enadou Parkway||Rice Avenue||$1.50||JPort|
|Minnekan Bridge||Route 3||Grantwoods Freeway||San Bernardo River Freeway||$2.50||JPort|
Public transport is becoming increasingly popular in the city of Jundah, and currently 10.5% of commuters use public transport daily. The figure has increased from 4.4% in 1990. The most popular modes of public transport are the Jundah Metro Rail and Jundah Metro Bus, which share the same fare system, with free transfers within the system.
Main article: Jundah Metro Bus
The bus is a popular method of transportation in Jundah. Since much of the city is spread out over a large area, there are many bus routes serving areas not reached by subway and rail.
Main article: Jundah Metro Rail
Main article: CapitalRail
CapitalRail provides commuter rail service in the Jundah metropolitan area. CapitalRail trains run on several lines from Jundah Central to Stuart County and Santa Renata County, with frequencies ranging from every 20 minutes to two hours.