Känton (Romans: Ciutêina) is a city and administrative centre in Karolia. It is the seventh largest city in the country and the capital of the state of Käntonmaa. Including the wider metropolitan area, its population as of 2014 is approximately 530,000.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Government and Politics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Education
- 7 Sports
- 8 Transport
Känton was founded around 1100 on the site of a smaller settlement with the building of the first cathedral on the island where the present church stands. A castle was constructed on the island but was removed during peacetime and relocated to the hillside as more space was required for houses and shops. The island was almost completely walled by 1350, and controlled the only bridge over the Majos. By 1250 the cathedral had been completed to moreorless its current appearance, serving as one of the major religious centres in the region. The city was by this time an important trading centre as it controlled water traffic along the Majos and land traffic crossing it on the two bridges. Militarily it was a key strategic point for the same reasons. With the exception of the First Confederation, the city state was ruled by its own monarchy until well into the fifteenth century.
The cathedral was soon joined by a monastery and a university, the oldest in Karolia. Its original areas of study were religious: sons of the clergy studied rhetoric, music, astronomy, divinity, philosophy and law.
Känton was besieged during the Wars of Unification but did not suffer major damage to its centre. After the declaration of the Republic the city became a state capital and the Liiduhus was built on what at the time was almost undeveloped land to the north west of the city centre. As the nineteenth century continued, the river access led to industry springing up around canals and basins connected to the river, and the city expanded to the south as homes were constructed for workers. The marshy ground had to be drained to allow the rate of construction, and the city expanded in a star shape as the most waterlogged areas were avoided.
The suburbs expanded greatly in the latter half of the twentieth century, and many housing estates were built on the more solid ground to the north and east. The towns of Kausti and Taasialinn are now practically linked to the main conurbation of Känton proper, and the S-Raud routes are still driving the construction of housing estates close to stations.
Känton lies on the edge of the Great Plain in central Karolia, around 200km north of the southern coast. It is a relatively flat area of the country with a few small hills around the city. The Majos river flows through the centre of the city, a short distance to the west of its confluence with the Camin and the water meadows in this area. A series of lakes collectively known as Kolijaarv lie to the west of the city. The ground was naturally marshy and a great deal of drainage had to take place to construct the suburbs. Even today the city relies on an extensive system of drains and flood plains in other areas to keep subsidence at manageable levels.
The city has a typical temperate climate, with cold winters and mild summers. The urban environment typically raises average temperatures by about a degree from the surrounding countryside. Being in a fairly flat region rainfall is slightly lower than the national average.
Parks and green spaces
Känton is a 'green' city, with much of the land retained as open spaces and many parks and gardens. This is partly out of necessity as the meadows adjoining the river can flood in the spring and autumn but also to keep the air clean and for the use of the citizens. The local dialect term Ohiliina (literally 'green') refers to a area of lawn, usually a square, which is maintained for recreation.
Major parks include:
- Suurpark (great park)
- Lossepark (castle park)
- Kaksjoki Konservipark
Smaller green spaces include:
- Ohilina Liiduhus
- Ohilina st Clair
- Ohilina dom'as
Government and Politics
Känton is the capital of its eponymous state. The Liidukogu sits in the Liiduhus in the city.
Känton's economy is dominated by tourism and service businesses. The city receives over 2 million visitors annually (of whom 40% are from overseas), most of whom visit the Doma and the Saar.
Of adults of working age, 94% were in employment in 2014. Of these, 78% worked in the service sector, of which 40% were directly or largely connected to the tourism and entertainment sector and 32% to education. The remainder were mainly employed in financial services.
Public sector jobs (including the university) accounted for 29% of the city's employment).
Major private companies in the city include Kantonas Staatsbank and Krelsi-Uivoivin.
The medieval island (Saar) has been largely preserved in original state. The southern tip is dominated by the Doma cathedral, which was built between 1234-1250 and is still the largest in Karolia. True to its name it has a large dome at the base of the spire, which was the tallest building in Uletha until 1504. A library dating from the sixteenth century but containing manuscripts from as early as 1150 stands next to it, as well as a the cathedral choristers' school and the museum housed in the attached refectory and monastic buildings.
In front of the cathedral is the Ohilina dom'as, whilst other important sites include the palace (Palota), the Hopitale St.Clair'as (almshouses and pensioners' home) and several merchants houses dating from the thirteenth to seventeenth centuries. There is also the Old Town Hall, the Old School, the church of St Karol, and the mausoleum at the northern tip of the island.
A redeveloped former industrial area, Vanakai now hosts bars, restaurants, the city cultural centre and museums. The Kurtwell & Herzen piano factory still occupies a section of its factory opposite the station as well as tours and a concert space, but the main attraction is the huge city museum in part of a former warehouse. Next door is a cinema which hosts an annual film festival.
The city had 380,000 people resident within the boundary in 2013.
According to the census of 2011, 86% of the population stated their ethnicity as white Karolian, of whom 94% spoke Karolian as their first language, 5% Romans, and <1% Kyori. The remaining 18% are as follows:
- 6% other white Ulethian (of which 80% are Darcodian, Ispelian or Meridonian)
- 4% black (of which 70% are Elhadian)
- 2% Aratar
- 1% Hesperic
- 1% Other/mixed race
Aside from the official national languages, other languages spoken in the city include Darcodian, Arataran, Elhadi, Kalmish, Inglish, Goytakano and Kojolese.
The 25-32 age range is the most populous, followed by the 18-24 age range (largely due to the large student population) and the 38-44 the third.
In common with Karolia as a whole, only a minority of the citizens profess religious belief or regularly attend religious services. However, the rate of religious affiliation is higher than the national average. The main church is the Doma (see above). A Chogue temple is located in Raantaniemi, and a Hathetic Orthodox temple in Lossepark. There is also a Tlonist lodge in the city centre.
Culture and entertainment
The arts scene is very extensive in the city. A big annual event is the Song Festival which takes place in an outdoor amphitheatre in the north-east suburbs. The Känton Film Festival takes place in February every year.
The main performance spaces for classical music are the Uuskonserthus, which is the home of the Filharmonii Känton; the Kammerhus, the Recital Room of the Music Academy, the Capella of the university, the performance space of the Linnamuuseo, the Doma, Teatro Kapelli (which serves as the opera house), and numerous other churches. Other performing groups in the city include the Kammerchor Känton, Känton Sinfoonia (amateur) and Torvi Quartet.
The STAR arena in the eastern suburbs hosts rock concerts, expositions and other spectaculars. The Palenkaplats area contains several well-known local music venues. Famous bands who have been formed or based in the city include...
Käntidub is a particular style of reggae associated with the (traditionally) working-class Maasikka area of the city. It was the result of Karolians collaborating and imitating the style of music brought by immigrants in the 1960s and combines reggae beats with electronically processed guitar/keyboards and Karolian folk instruments such as fiddle and pipes. The Klub Klub is still a legendary venue for the genre.
The Uusteater is located in the Uuslinn.
Känton's main newspapers are business-orientated Käntonspostiit (Känton Post) and tabloid Känton Paeviid (Känton Daily). RTK Käntonmaa broadcasts local radio for the state from the city. The KU student newspaper, which has more than an edge of satirical content, is widely read even outside the campus population.
Main article:Känton Ünivërsitat As an offshoot of the church, Känton University was founded in 1356 (the oldest in Karolia) as a centre for religious study. It gradually expanded to incorporate other academic subjects. Today is is linked with Känton Music Academy and the Känton Technical College.
Schools in Känton:
- Caminharju Vaikekool
- Szt Lamas Vaikekool
- Supsa Pardu Vaikekool
- Uletijamae Vaikekool
- Sorpa Vaikekool
- Caminharju Ülikool
- J.Lippakainen Ülikool
- Käntons Vanakool
- Sofiia Pavelos Ülikool
- Vastaariis Ülikool
In Liiga 1:
- Känton 1880 are the biggest team in the city and play in yellow and black stripes. They play at the Pospiistadion
- Känton Linn are older than 1880 but are less widely known. They play at the Känton Linnastadiu []
- SKJ Kausti are in Liiga 3
- Kautanä JK play in Liiga 4
- Vastaariis ÜSK play in Liiga 5
Maasikka Kart track is located to the south of the city.
The A6 motorway from Liivu runs close to the south of Känton. The A61 begins at a junction with it and runs around the eastern side of the city to the north-east. A spur motorway numbered A601 joins it and runs as far as the mid-suburbs of the city. This road was intended originally to form a ring road but was never completed. Kanton Kesk services are located at junction 15.
Känton suffers from peak congestion due to the limited number of river crossings and concerted efforts have been made to encourage greater use of public transport, cycling and walking in the city. The city's only public transport mode is the bus network, which is run by the local government as KVA. Recently hybrid buses have been phased in to improve air quality. Charging points for electric cars have become increasingly numerous in recent years.
Many proposals to introduce trams to the city have been proposed, but the upheaval of installing the tracks, the width of streets and questions about cost effectiveness have continually prevented any serious progress.
Känton is a major junction for several cross-country railway lines: the Majos Valley Line to Paliiso, the Tanas Line to Santjana, the Plains Line to Kyor, the classic and high-speed lines to Vasireii and the Taamras Line to Riispere and Gorjee as well as a branch line to Sirvoo. All classes of train call at the Kaastjaam, including High-Speed and sleeper services. Smaller mainline stations at Känton-Laane, Maasikka, and Känton-Idää serve the suburbs.
The city has an S-Raud network built in the 1990s to serve the suburbs. See main article.
The city has a commercial airport, Känton Regional, around 10km to the north-east of the city. This has steadily increased in traffic in recent decades, particular due to Majos Air basing their fleet there. An extension of the S-Raud is under construction to a new station at the airport.
A non-commercial airfield at Taasi to the south of the city also is in use.