Känton S-Raud

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Känton S-Raud
[[File:Kanton S-Raud scene 1.png|alt=]]
A Class 043 train on Line 2
Overview
Native nameS-Raud Känton/S-fer Ciutêina
OwnerKäntons Varasliit
Area servedKänton-Linn and Käntonmaa, Karolia
LocaleKänton-Linn
Transit typeCommuter rail
Number of lines6
Line numbersS1, S11, S2, S21, S3, S4
Number of stations59 + 3 under construction
Websites-kanton.rt.ka
Operation
Began operation1989
Operator(s)S-Raud Känton L.V.
CharacterGrade-separated, elevated, tunnel, sections share track with mainline railways
Train length4-8 cars
Headway15-30 mins
First departure0530 (Mon-Fri), 0610 (Sat), 0700 (Sun)
Last arrival0110 (Mon-Thurs), 0200 (Fri-Sat) 1210 (Sun)
Technical
System length102km
Tracks2 with short single-track sections
Track gauge1544mm (Karolian Gauge)
Electrification750V third rail
Average speed43km/h
Top speed90km/h
Network Map
Kanton S-Raud map.png

The Känton S-Raud/S-fer Ciutêina is the network of suburban railway lines in the city of Känton (Ciutêina), Karolia.

History

Känton had had suburban services from the completion of the mainline railways in the 1890s. However, by the 1980s most of the branches were still un-electrified and service frequencies had declined as car ownership increased. Commuting by road to the city had made the city centre very congested and the current situation of the suburban lines - old trains, stations rarely staffed outside of peak hours and with infrequent services - was a primary reason for this. The state council proposed the creation of a suburban railway system, to be complimented by a revision of the city's bus network.

A key component was the planned re-opening of Uusriik Tunnel, which had only been used for occasional freight trains since the mid 1960s. Every train from the north had to use the viaduct around the east side of the city, which was mostly double-track only and had to handle every movement to and from the north. Reinstating the tunnel as a dedicated suburban line would allow greater capacity for the other branch. The situation was partly improved with the opening of the high-speed line to the west, which meant that some trains could enter the city from this side. The tunnel was too small for the largest rolling stock (Karolia has a loading gauge over 3m wide) and would cater for passengers in the mainly residential areas on this side of the city. In reality the renovation of the tunnel was more expensive and complex than anticipated and it was 16 years before it was added to the network.

The new network would be electrified using the cheaper third-rail system in order to use the tunnel, would have an integrated ticketing structure with the rest of the civic transport, and would have a minimum off-peak frequency of 30 mins. In some central sections, tracks would be given over entirely to the S-Raud, including two dedicated platforms at the Kaastjaam.

The branches to Taasialinn and Kasmila would be the priority for the services and these were operational by May 1989 after minor repairs and renovation of the station. 48 new trains were ordered from Maarkki with interior layout for high-capacity. A widespread advertising campaign and free travel on the first weekend of operation helped promote the services and passenger numbers were promising; at the same time in the first twelve months there was a reduction of 14% in the number of car journeys made on equivalent routes between 7 and 9am.

The Uusriik tunnel was renovated and re-opened in 2006, with new stations dug at Uuslinn and Vasireiimaantee. This led to a reorganisation of the routes and timetable, with the 'missing' S1 service commencing and other alterations to allow the movements through the central section.

Airport extension

In 2009 a proposal was given preliminary approval for an 8km extension of the system to reach Känton Regional airport some 10km to the north-east of the city boundary. The airport had been expanding its services extensively in the last ten years and representatives from the business and tourism industries presented a proposal to the state and city councils to provide better transport links to the site. The new route commenced construction in 2012 and should be operational in 2017. The line will branch from the existing S4 terminus at Koe-Laasale with stations at a new residential area called New Park, the village of Kylli and the airport. Although the two intermediate stops will see only light use initially, this was a condition of building the extension as the expected commuter traffic will more than justify the stops and help relieve road use.

Operations

Routes

(Station code follows name)

S1

  • Taasialinn TSL
  • Majoslinnatee MJT
  • Tuormo TUO
  • Kausti RVK KAU
  • Vorusahvi VSV
  • Kautana KTA
  • Torvolainen TLN
  • Miilaka-kesk MLK
  • Känton-Idääjaam RVK KAI
  • Caminsiilta (peak hours only) CAM
  • Sorpa SRP
  • Haaluptee (peak hours only) HAL
  • Känton Kaastjaam RVK KAK
  • Raantaniemi RAA
  • Känton-Maasikka RVK KAM
  • Kunsters Ot KNO
  • Känton-Lääne KAL
  • Vasireiimaantee VSM
  • Uusriika UUR
  • Uletijämae ULM
  • Kastiiniemi-Laulafeestparki KLP
  • Arpeiva APE
  • Arpeiva PKI APP
  • Kappli RVK KAP

S11

As the S1 above from Idääjaam to Kappli

S2

  • Kasmila-Linn RVK KSL
  • Kasmila-Raanta RVK KSR
  • Jalet JAL
  • Hiirsaharju HHU
  • Miirsa MIR
  • Koe-Laasale RVK KLA
  • Laasale LAA
  • Jurgen JUR
  • Majosraanta MJR
  • Vargu-Miilaka VML
  • Känton-Idääjaam RVK KAI
  • Caminsiilta CAM
  • Sorpa SRP
  • Hääluptee HAL
  • Känton Kaastjaam RVK KAK
  • Raantaniemi RAA
  • Känton-Maasikka RVK KAM
  • Kunsters Ot KNO
  • Känton-Lääne KAL
  • Happakiirsinen HAK
  • Kolijarv KLJ
  • Jokisätu JST
  • Settujäärv RVK SET
  • Ansaali ASI
  • Vaike-kapli VKL
  • Padare PAD
  • Gospi GOS
  • Jorvaraanta JRT

S21

As the S2 above from Koe-Laasale to Settujaarv

S3

  • Koorkea-Piila RVK
  • Myllerikyli
  • Kappli RVK KPL
  • Porgesca PGA
  • Kausti-pohja KPJ
  • Rovale tee ROT
  • Alafoldi AFD
  • Suurpaarki SUP
  • Linnastadiu LSU
  • Känton-Pohjajaam RVK KAP
  • Palenkaplats PLK
  • Haaluptee (peak hours only) HAL
  • Känton Kaastjaam RVK KAK
  • Raantaniemi RAA
  • Känton-Maasikka RVK KAM

S4

Currently as the S2 and S21 from Koe-Laasale to Kolijarv, then:

  • Mäntävääri MAV
  • Kylpäsjaarvi KYP
  • Kylpaspuu KPP
  • Oolsharju OHJ
  • Paas RVK PAS

Special services

The Känton Song Festival, held every July, attracts huge numbers of attendees from all over the country. It is usual for the S-Raud to run extra trains on lines 1 and 11 and to run special services from park-and-ride areas near Kappli and Hiirsaharju to Kastiiniemi-Laulafeestparki. These are designated S15 and S25.

Depots

Palenka[1] is the main depot for the network, with a complete service and maintenance facility. It is accessible from the main route through the city and from the S3 lines.

Fares and ticketing

A KArd smartcard used for the network
Fares are subsidised by the state and city councils in order to encourage the use of the system over cars. Those under 18 travel free, students in Känton get a free travel pass from the universities, and students studying at other institutions in Karolia can purchase tickets at a 50% discount.

Period passes are available allowing unlimited travel for three, five and seven days (primarily aimed at tourists); a month, six months or one year. Discounts are available if the pass is for travel only in the central zone. There is no peak or off-peak periods on the system.

A smartcard system was introduced in 2007, branded KArd which can also be used on the city buses. There is a small discount on tickets purchased on a KArd compared to the equivalent cash fare. Users can top-up cards via the internet or a phone app, and simply touch the card on a reader at the start and end of journeys. RVK/KSF season ticket holders can add SRK passes to their cards - as of 2015 it is possible to add municipal transport passes for any number of cities to the same national rail smartcard.

The use of contactless bank cards to pay for single fares has been pledged to be introduced system-wide by the end of 2017.

(1Kr=0.30USD)

Adult cash fare Adult KArd fare
Single within central zone Kr10 Kr9
Return within central zone Kr18 Kr16
Single outside of central zone Kr12 Kr10
Return outside of central zone Kr16 Kr15
Single between zones Kr20 Kr16
Return between zones Kr28 Kr25
Day pass for central zone Kr35 Kr30
Day pass for entire network Kr50 Kr45

Rolling stock

New units designated Class 038 were ordered at the system's opening in 1989. They are in 3-car permanently-coupled sets with a cab at each end and shared bogies. Refurbishment was carried out between 2004-2007, meaning that the interior looks very similar to the newer Class 043.

A batch of 14 Class 043 units from Celedo Rail were delivered in 2004 in anticipation of the opening of the new S1 and S11 lines. These are in 2-car articulated sets, with a cab at one end, and can run as 4, 6 or 8-car trains. They are slightly narrower than the rest of the network stock in order to fit through the Uusriik Tunnel which has a restricted loading gauge, and deploy extendable footplates under the doors to allow wheelchairs to enter and exit the carriages. They are compatible with the Class 038 units on other lines.

The network has confirmed it is finalising an order of new trains to replace the Class 038 which will be retired when they reach 35 years' service in 2024. It is rumoured the old trains may be sold to the suburban lines of Mostrakago in Arataran, which has the same track gauge.

In popular culture

The S-Raud features regularly in Lari Ukstiosten's novel One Hundred and Seventy Nights, set in Känton.

The problem of there being two stations called 'Kausti' led to an unexpected public campaign by the residents of both settlements at the system's opening. KVA had designated the southern suburb 'Suurkausti' and the northern 'Vaike-kausti' but this was opposed as it appeared to be giving superiority to the southern one, which administratively speaking had barely more population at the time. In addition, the campaign repeatedly stated that despite both villages dating back to medieval times, neither had ever added a 'big' or 'small' prefix to its name as there were other Kaustis which did elsewhere. RVK (which runs mainline services to the southern one) and KVA decided to compromise and semi-officially name the northern one Kausti-pohja, although this does not appear on the map or on-train announcements, only in ticketing. It is held, although not official, that this influenced the current service pattern where no service calls at both Kaustis.