Khaiwoon Metro

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Khaiwoon Metro
Overview
OwnerKhaiwoonese Republic
Area servedKhaiwoon
Number of lines12 heavy rail, plus light rail, streetcars, gondola
Number of stations~300
Websitemetro.kh
Operation
Began operation1907
Operator(s)Khaiwoon Metro Authority
Train length90 or 135 m (6 or 9 units)
Technical
System length~500 km
Tracks2
Track gauge1.435 m / 4' 8.5"
Minimum curvature radius75 m
Electrification800 V DC
Average speed30 km/h
Top speed100 km/h
Network Map
Khaiwoon-metro.jpg
The Khaiwoon Metro (Khaiwoonese: Khaiwoon Metro, Khaiwoon Metro) with 12 lines is one of the greatest and busiest subway-nets worldwide. The first line was opened 1907. Meanwhile the net of metro-lines is long roundabout 500 km.

The Khaiwoon Metro Authority, a public agency of the Khaiwoonese government, operates the Khaiwoon Metro (commonly known as "Metro" or "the Metro"), which is the primary means of daily transportation for most people in Khaiwoon.[1] An integrated urban rail system combining twelve primary lines of heavy rail with a number of supporting light rail and streetcar lines, Metro serves over 300 stations throughout the city-state.


History

Island Railways

Prince Mukhooë came to the throne in 1859 and embraced an aggressive program of industrialization and infrastructure, completing a rail bridge across the marshes to Batjun in 1865 and another to Sandy Point in 1873. In 1882 a series of trestles totaling nearly 13 kilometers (8 miles) across the shallow tidal sands of Peril Bay completed a rail line to Wiban Island and Khaimjin. Mukhooë believed that these fixed links were vital to maintain the unity of Khaiwoon and prevent the outer islands from falling under foreign control.[2]

Khaiwoon-Khaimjin trestle
The Central station of this railway-lines lay in the heart of the city (see [1]) and is now a luxourius shopping center. In eastern direction run a line to Khaimjin (outer part now are taken over from metro-lines ## 2 and 6) and a line to Sharpe Cape and Lushwood Island in the southeast (now cyclepath and substituted by lines ## 3 and 5) and to the west run a line to Sloebush and Sandy Point (now part of metro-lines ## 3 and 8) and an other line to Batjun and the new ferry-terminal (now part of line # 5).

Around 1900 it was clear, that the streetcars and this railways are not more able, to serve the growing traffic in the city. The southern part of the town at Oktogon Hill only was reachable with streetcars. Therefore in Khaiwoon are made planes for a net of metro-lines like in other town were in planing. In first line the long railways should be substituted with fast electric trains and the first planed net contains the now existing lines ## 1 to 5 and 10. Some month this plan are discussed and some changings are made, but this first lines follows the main traffic routes of that time - the lines ## 1, 2 and 3 un north-south and lines ## 4 and 5 in east-west direction.

To build metro-lines was the great adventure of urbanisation in this time. The first was realisized in Tarott in Kalm 1901 and at the same time in Latina (Ciudad) are made planes for a metro-system, there opened in 1907. In Khaiwoon engineers of Kalm and Latina discussed with khaiwonees experts the best solutions.

First Metro-lines

The long line # 2 from north to south from Khaimjin to Oktogon Hill was the first line to realisize. Works begun in 1902 and at the 22th of Mai 1907 the first section to Khaimjin was opened between the Orchid Gardens Station and Khaimjin. In Khaimjin there are two branches to Khaimjin North End and to Putters End. The railway to Khaimjin was closed the day before. Prince Mukhooë himself drives the first electric train over the tracks to Morris Junction and in his commentaire of this event he shows his satisfaction about this progress of civilisation in Khaiwoon. [3]

Three month later this line was prolongated to the south til the station Opera at Oktogon Hill and at 17th of Oktober 1907 the tracks reach the southern shore at Oktogon Strand Road. The line then was long 44 km til Morris Junction and the two branches in Khaimjin 8 km and 11 km. The southern part of 24 km lay in a tunnel and the northern part at surface on the old right of way of the railway.

Second line to open at 19th of June 1909 was the long line to Batjun, now line # 5. In the inner town this line did not run via the old station, but more south to the busyer quarter south of the Great market. Here the lines ## 4 and 5 should have the same way as a strong east to west axis with four parallel tracks. From the Continental Ferry in Batjun and from Bare Rock Bay both branches via Boornai Junction ended in the first step at the Symphony Hall with connection there to line # 2. From Great Market to Symphony Hall lay 4 tracks - two of them for the next line # 4. The right of way for the railway at street-level was changed to an viaduct over the crossing streets.

One year later, at 17th of August 1910, line # 4 come in service. This line run under the Khoogmjai Avenue from Symphony Hall to Pertenoë and under the Gorypla Way to the New Pertenoë Horse Racing Course. This line was opened before other routes because it was esay to construct with the tunnel in the middle of the avenues and the line can use two of the four tracks between Great Market and Symphony Hall together with line # 5.

The steam-service of the railway more and more lost his importance. 1911 the two last lines via Sloebush to Sandy Point East and West and to the southeast to Sharpe Cape on Lushwood Island come out of service. For the first line the next metro-line was in work, now lines ## 3 and 8. The old station building some years stands emply. 1917 then there were opened the first shops of higher level. This was the start to change the old station to a point of luxory shopping.

No more slow railway to Sandy point. Starting at 16th of May 1913 line # 3 run to the north from the Old Theather (now Moëgmai Place) via the old station to Sloebusch North and there dividing in the two branches of the railway to Sandy Point East and Sandy Point West.

The old railway to the southeast with its tunnel under the Lion Hill are out of use since 1911, but no metro-line runs there til line # 5 reaches 1923 East Shore and the ferry terminal there and 1936 then Lushwood Island. Long years the railway tunnel lay in deep sleep til 1987 here was opened the longest cyclepath in a tunnel worldwide with 1.900 km (see [2].

Meanwhile works at the City-circle (line # 10) begins. From Embrodery Road (interchange with line # 4) via the grand fortress and Sarcima Street (interchange with line # 2) the first section ended at Nookharu Plaza, opened 29th of November 1915. At the same day are opened the prolongation of lines ## 4 and 5 with 4 tracks from Symphony Hall via Government House to this place. To avoid a tunnel under the Water Gardens and the Royal Temple, the line # 10 run in bows under the Great Fortress. Line # 10 then reached at 6th of June 1917 the station Red Monkey Shrine with connection at National Archive for the line # 1, which are in construction too.

Line # 1 was the last line planed to construct in the inner city. From Copper Street the first opened section (23th of January 1918) reached line # 2 at Exchange Square. Then crossing lines ## 4 and 5 at Government House and line # 10 at National Archive the tunnel was opened til Singto Circle at 22th of October 1919. Between Pagaram Square and Water Gerdens the line made a soft bow to the north because it was not allowed, to build the tunnel under the Royal Palace.

Meanwhile was the time, to think over the plan of 1899. Wide areas are new urbanisized in this time and some streams of traffic has changed. For this reason a new general-plan of the devellopement of the metro-net are made with some new lines outside the inner city. This plan become law in June of 1919.

New in this system was, that line # 4 now at Nookharu Place leaves line # 5 for the way to Khagwai and that the part to Sutatmai Place was taken over from a new line # 7. In a first step the line # 7 was planed to Scolston Square in Khoogmjai, but later this line should run parallel to line # 5 to Batjun. Line # 6 was seen as a second line to Khaimjin and in the southwest to Astoria and maybe further south to Salsa - as a more direct line to this area as line # 1. And yes - line # 10 may made a full circle in some time (see graphic # 4).

Growing of the net

With this new structure works at the metro-net continue. First was line # 3, prologated to the south to Lions Circle, to give the long wished connection to line # 2 there. This tracks come under rails at 6th of February 1922.

Next steps are lines ## 4 and 5. Both lines go two stations more to the east - line 4 to the new Funland and line 5 to Constitution Place. This short segments are opened 5th of May 1923. Four month later - at 17th of September 1923 - Line # 5 reached the East Shore and the ferry terminal there.

Before line # 6 get reality, works start for line # 7. From Sutatmai Place to Constitution Place the first section opened at 31th of Oktober 1924. This section was linked with the rest of the net only at Consitution Place with line # 5. But only short time. At 23th of November 1924 the line reached the National Archive with connection to the lines ## 1 and 10. From the western side line # 7 opened at 29th of March 1926 between Scolston Square and Orchid Garden with a crossing with line # 3 at the northern end of Kalm Avenue (now there is the Central Station).

The missing links in the south of the city for lines ## 7 and 10 are closed at 9th of April 1927. Since this day line # 10 runs in a full circle and line # 7 from Sutatmai Place to Scolston Square.

It was forseen, that line # 4 should end at the shore at Khagwai. But meanwhile the first aeroplanes started at the sandy ground of Hammersmith Airfield in the northeastern marshland. The ingerish colonial government here want a fast connection with a trunk-road and a metro and so both are opened at the 31th of November 1928. This part of line # 4 run on the surface beneath the road.

Most of the lines from the 1920-plan are realisized. But the town of Khaiwoon grows more and more and therefore a new line 8 was planed in a bow around the inner city in the south. The route to Khagwai then shall become a new line # 9 and run in the inner city. But before lines ## 6, 8 or 9 will realisized, the people in the southern suburbs are loud for the prolongation of lines 1 and 3 to them.

Meanwhile dense usbanisation took place in Gorypla, Salsa, Oktogon Hill and Ralaphan. Too a new National Stadium was planed at the southern shore. Only line # 2 to Oktogon Hill from 1907 serve this area.

Therefore the government now set the prolongation of 27 km of line # 1 to Salsa at top 1 in the list. Later should follow line # 4 to Gorypla, then # 3 to Lushwood Island and # 6 to Astoria and the southwest - see at the graphic # 6.

First of all line # 1 spread out to the south til Edo Place (28th of August 1930). The branch to Bougainville Place then startet there and not - as forseen - at New Sachem Street. The other branch of line # 1 reaches Opera and there the line # 2. Both branches come in use at 23th of May 1932.

Next step was line # 5 to Lushwood Island as compensation for the formerly railway-line. First planed to this target was line # 3 - but planes can be changed. The first train there run at 6th of November 1936 with the line signal "5".

Line # 4 too made a great step to the shore in Gorypla at 31th of July 1937. From here to Salsa passangers can use the ferry, so that line # 1 to Salsa go back in the list. Only the tracks to the National Stadium are layed and this route opened at 2nd of April 1938.

And then let us look to line # 6. Not only Astoria needs this line, but too the Khaiwocitta film-complex in Khaimjin and too with this line could made possible an express-service to the long distance to Khaimjin. Parallel to line # 2 are layed two more tracks through the mud between the islands and since 1th of December 1941 line # 6 come in use - the whole lenght between Khaiwocitta and Orange Valley in Astoria. At the parallel tracks line # 2 takes over the express-service and line # 6 serve the local stations. The old railway-branch in Khaimjin runs a short piece more to the north to Shepherde Bush and was closed 1907. This part in the fields and orchards are not rebuild by the metro to Khaiwoocitta. To get to the beach there, you can go a footpath of 1.5 km or ride by bus.

The focus of the next years lay about Boornai. Since 1909 the line # 5 has taken over the railway lines to the Continental Ferry and to Bare Rock Bay - splitting the branches at Boornai Junction. But the line # 5 - as the railway before - made a great bow around the center of old Boornai. As at 17th of Oktober 1945 the line # 7 was prolongated from Scolston Square via Khoogmjai Stadium to Elm Street Junction the cards are mixed new.

During 1946 are constructed the tracks three and four between Elm Street Junction and Boornai Junction. Over the middle tracks run line # 5 as express-service and over the outer tracks line # 7 as local service. This rails are opened at 22th of December 1946. But update the old railway-line around Boornai with four tracks in the wilderness near the new motorway to the ferry terminal? The people in old Boornai want the tunnel in her town and not two metro-lines far away. Via Blessington Street, Old Boornai and Odette Street was build the new tunnel with four tracks. The old station Crecy Street was closed at the branch to Bare Rock Bay, but at line # 5 a new station nearby was opened. The station Gloria Street lays away from any houses and was closed without any substitution. The old railway-bed meanwhile is cyclepath or not more to seen under the new buildings. At 6th of December 1947 the Boornai-Tunnel come in use with a great opening-festival.

But the rural times in Boornai meanwhile are past. In the 1950ies new harbor-quais are build and in the north of Boornai an "Office Town", who want a fast connection to the city. Therefore at 18th of February 1957 line # 7 take a new way to Greygoose Circle. Now only line # 5 run in the Boornai-tunnel, using only two of the four tracks. Out of the peak hours the branch to Bare Rock Bay run only as a shuttle beween Boornai Junction and Bare Rock Bay, named as line # 15. To save traffic for four tracks in Boornai, then planes are made for a new line Boornai - Jaikhoom - Oktogon Hill - Ralaphan (now line # 11).

So the metro-net of Khaiwoon in the 50 years from 1907 to 1957 are grown to a long net with the lines ## 1 to 7 and 10.

  • Line 1 = Copper Street - City - Edo Place and two Branches to Bougainville Place and the National Stadium
  • Line 2 = Oktogon Strand Road - Lions Circle - City - Morris Junction and the branches to Putters End and Khaimjin Northend
  • Line 3 = Lions Circle - City - Sloebush North and the two branches to Sandy Point West and East
  • Line 4 = Handon (Gorypla Ferry) - Pertenooë - City - Funland - Hammersmith Airfield
  • Line 5 = Continental Ferry - Boornai - Elm Street Junction - City - East Shore - Lushwood Island
  • Line "15" = Bare Rock Bay - Boornai Junction - in the peak hours with line # 5 to East Shore
  • Line 6 = Khaiwoocitta - City - Astoria (Orange Valley)
  • Line 7 = Greygoose Circle - Elm Street Junction - Scolston Square - Constitution Place - Sutatmai Place
  • Line 10 = circle around the inner city


Modernisation and new lines

The works on the viaduct for line # 7 to Greygoose Circle had started and at the same time in the early 1950ies the urban planers think about the next needed metro-tracks. Some old planes stand at top of the list as

  • prolongation of line # 1 to Salsa
  • prolongation of line # 3 to Lushwood Island
  • prolongation of line # 6 to Jaikhoom and Salsa
  • a line from the city via Khanmai Street and Eastside Avenue to Khagwai Beach (as first planed for line # 4)
  • the new line Sloebush - Airport with a bow south of the city as linking line - named as line # 8
  • an other new line from Boornai via Jaikhoom and south of the Khaiwoon Hill to Oktogon Hill and Ralaphan - named as line # 9 at this time.

From suburbs, not connected with the metro-net, as usual come the more or less loud wishes for a new line in this neighborhood. Therefore in the planing office of the town lays a long list of possible metro-lines, which may be useful. But who will pay?

Prolongation of platforms

As usual at the time around 1910, platforms are shorter as today. In the beginning trains on metro-lines often come in use for 4 wagons or 6 wagons. In Khaiwoon from the beginning the platforms af the stations are 100 m for trains with 6 wagons. In the 1940ies the town started a programm to prolongate this platforms up to 150 m, that trains with 9 wagons can run. First line in this update-work was the most busy line # 2, followed by lines ## 3 and 5. The other existing lines follow til 1961, as this work was finished. New constructed lines since 1950 from the beginning has platforms with a lenght of 150 m. Only line # 10 til today has platforms of 100 m.

Bougainville controverse

People with more influence live in Ralaphan and Oktogon Hill. The branch of line # 1 terminated at the eastern end of the Botanical Garden at Bougainville Place. So it must be easy - as people in Ralaphan say - to prolongate the line through the park to southern Ralaphan. "30 years we have a metro short away and the town does nothing, to bring it to us".

That was the one side of the medaille. On the other hand line # 1 makes a great bow to the east, before the line reaches the city - and then only the east and north of the city. So people think, the branch to Bougainville Place (and may be Ralaphan) can be better be a part of line # 2, who reaches the inner town with a more straight way.

Other people mean, that to have branches generell is negativ, because after the forking there are only half of the trains - may be it was a branch of line # 1 or # 2. Therefore they want to prolongate the Bougainville brach direct to the city with a new line.

So before line # 8 gets reality there was build a part of line # 9 between Opera and Ferry VII, to serve southern Ralaphan. At the Opera people then can use the lines ## 1 or 2, to get in the city of Khaiwoon. This short line opens at 9th of February 1963. The town promised, the prolongate line # 9 more to the west as a connection to Boornai.

The Bougainville Branch was not prolongated. But to give a better access to the city this branch was taken from line # 1 and with a new tunnel west of Edo Place this branch at 21th of June 1965 switched to line # 2. The short piece between Red Cross Hospital and Edo Place with the Anthill-station come out of use.

But the discussion do not come to an end. Then 2001 was planed, to cut line # 8 at Westend Place, build a new line of 4 km to Tjinkhu Square and take over the branch to Bougainville Place to line # 8. This works now are in progress and the time of opening is expected in two years.


Lines 8, 9, 11 and 12

A new line in the west of Sloebush should take traffic from the busy line # 3. Here the agitation from Sandy Point gets influence - why not set more traffic in the new busy center in the west? So planes are changed, to make four tracks from Jasmine Street to the University and also let the branch of line # 3 from Sandy Point West run to the Media Quarter and the University as line # 8.

The first part of the new line # 9 was opened at 19th of December 1969 from Carl Hobarow Street in Sloebush via Findus Place (crossing with line # 1) to Media City at line # 5. From Jasmine Street lay four tracks to the south. Meanwhile parallel to line # 3 are layed two more tracks between Sloebush North and Sloe Street and a tunnel was build from Sloe Street to Jasmine Street. The old line # 9 between Opera and Ralaphan gets the line # 11.

This allows at 6th of June 1971 to change the lines. The tunnel with the four tracks then reached the station University and so we have line # 8 from Sandy Point West and line # 9 from Carl Hobarow Street to this place, running parallel at Jasmine Street. On the other end a line 8 east are opened at 29th of February 1972 from Spider Lily Place to Singto Circle, there with connection to line # 1. At 19th of September 1975 the khaiwoonese people get the missing link via Whaiphapmai and Khai Tech to Singto Place. The other branch from University then run to the south three Stations to Westend Place in Astoria, junctioned with the lines ## 6 and 7. So we had line # 8 from Sloebush North via Singto Place to Spider Lily Place and # 9 from Carl Hobarow Street to Westend Place.

The long planed line to Khagwai at 31th of May 1979 come in use as line # 12. The first section was opened between First Quai and Denarius Street. Til today this is the end of this short line, but works are undertaken, to prolongate the line more to the east and parallel with line # 8 to the north.

In the next years some lines in the now denser urbabisated outskirts were opened

  • 31th of January 1981 line # 1 from the National Stadium to Salsa
  • 19th of June 1983 line # 3 from Lions Circle to Lushwood Island
  • 6th of August 1985 line # 8 from Tiger Lily Place to the Airport
  • 9th of June 1988 line # 6 from Orange Valley to Jaikhoom
  • 28th of June 1990 line # 6 from Jaikhoom to Salsa and line # 11 from Jaikhoom to Opera (Oktogon Hill)
  • 31th of May 1991 line # 11 from Jaikhoom to Elm Street Junction and Boornai


The Central Station

Since the 1970ies planes are made for a fast railway-connection from Khaiwoon with a tunnel beneath the Strait of Santa Rosa to Marapura and Gobras City. In 1990 was clear, that the station for Khaiwoon shall lay at the northern end of the Kalm Avenue. The metro-lines ## 3, 6, 7 and 8 (now 9) was connected near this place. To give the inner city better connections to the station, line # 10 then shall made a bow to the south to the station. 1997 (19th of April) the stations Wukhupan Bridge, Old Theatre and Wekhto Road are closed and from Orchid Garden line # 10 then run parallel with line # 7 to the place for the station and via Follerton Road to the old circle. The railway to the continent then was opened 2005.

Last metro-lines open in Khaiwoon are

  • the northern part of line # 7 to Basin Ten (16th of February 2003)
  • the bow of line # 8 from Westend Plaza via Lions Circle to Singto Circle and take over the route to the Airport at 14th of July 2007. The part University - Khai Tech to Singto Circle then gets to line # 9.
  • the one-track-route between Windy Bay and Greygoose Circle for line # 7, opened 22th of April 2008
  • for line # 5 Continental Ferry to Straits City and the one-track route to the Glitterfish Beach, opened 1th of May 2011
  • the last part of line # 9 from Singto Circle via the Sairoo Valley to East Shore (19th of May 2014)


Further Extensions

In construction is a prolongation of line # 12 in the east from Denarius Street via Khagwai (first proposed for line # 4) and then partly parallel with line # 8 to Whapmoo.

Further works are made, to cut line # 8 at Westend Plaza. The part of Sandy Point West then will run to the south via 4 km new tunnel with two stations under the Hammond Beach Highway in Astoria to Tjinkhu Square and there take over the branch of line # 2 to Bougainville. Then this is a straight line from north to south (see on map [3]). Line # 2 therafter can get a better service to Opera and Oktogon Strand Road, because that line then serve only one branch to the south.

The part of line # 8 between the Airport and Westend Plaza will become line # 13 and can go further to the west via Khoogmai Creek (crossing with line # 7), Old Gorypla Way (then parallel with line # 4), Horse Track in Pertenooë and to Ragekwa Road in Gorypla North. This route is in planing and the exact trace in discussion. Alternative idea is, to set line # 7 on the new route and let line # 13 run via the tracks of line # 7 to Boornai Junction, Greygoose Circle and Windy Bay in Batjun-North.

With this routes the metro-net of Khaiwoon is very dense and other tunnel-lines only may be build as straight "express"-tracks - may be as first step a line to Oktogon Hill in the south or Pertenooë in the west or to the airport. So the express-line # 2 to the north can be junctioned with the line to Oktogon Hill and the local traffic is taken over from a line # 14 from Basin One to Oktogon Strand Road in the way of the existing line # 2. Stations for this new expree-tracks are planed only at Basin One, Great Market, Central Station, Lions Circle, Bokran and Opera.


Ghost tracks and Ghost Stations

Tracks

Between Orchid Gardens and Embrodery Road the line # 10 formerly runs a shorter way via the Old Theather. Since 1997 this line make a greater bow to the south via the then buildt and 2005 opened new Central Station. For service reasons, one of this tracks til now can be used and sometimes here are special rides for railway-enthusiasts with the "old" line # 10 (see [4])

The branch of line # 2 to Bougaunville Plaza formerly was a branch of line # 1, forking at Edo Place. Between Edo Place and Red Cross Hospital the line since 1965 is disused for passenger traffic, but trains can get from line # 1 to line # 2 and vice-versa for service reasons. (see [5])

Stations

  • Anthill Street (formerly line # 1) - on map [6] - opened for line # 1 1932 and closed 1965, as the branch of line # 2 to Bougainvolle Plaza was open.
  • Old Theather (formerly lines 3 and 10) - on map [7] - opened for line # 3 1913 and line # 10 1927; closed 1997. Line # 3 gets a new station nearby at Moëgmai Place more in the middle between Great Market and Central Station. The old station of line # 3 had a luxoury Art-deco design and can be visited like a museum.
  • Singto Place (formerly line # 8), opened 1975 and closed 2007 for the formerly shorter bow of line # 8. Today here lines ## 8 and 9 crossed each other in straight line. The old rails can be used for service-reasons as a connection between the lines ## 8 and 9.
  • Weghti Road (formerly line # 10) - on map [8] - opened 1927 and closed 1997, now substituted by station Paiphangun Night City of line # 10 nearby
  • Wukhupan Bridge (formerly line # 10) - on map [9] - opened 1927 and closed 1997. The station of line # 6 nearby is in use.


Service and Lines

Today in service are 12 lines. The metro is busy all day and the whole night.

In the nights from Fryday to Saturday and Saturday to Sunday the lines always run the whole night. Service of the metro in Khaiwoon from monday to fryday ended 1:30 in the night and starts again around 4:30 in the morning, if there are update workings necessary. This always will be announced in the newspapers and substitute-service is given by bus.

Service frequence

Busyest line is line # 2 between Morris Junction and Tjinkhu Square, where both brances of this line run over the same tracks. Here in the peak-hours all 1.5 minutes run a train [4], in the other daytime all 2.5 minutes. At the branches of the line trains follow all 3 or all 5 minutes.

The city-circle-line # 10 run all 4 minutes dayover, in the peak-hours all 3 minutes.

The lines ## 1, 3, 4, 5 ,6, 7 dayover have a rhythmus of 4 minutes and in the peak-hours they follow all 3 or 2.5 minutes. The lines 8, 9 11 and 12 dayover run all 5 minutes and in the peak-time all 3 or 4 minutes. At late evening and the night the train-frequence is lesser. Between 10 and 30 minutes follows one train the other calculated after the need of transportation capacity.

Not all trains run til the end of the line. At the outer suburbs at some line each second train may terminate at a station before, because outside this station the traffic is too small for a full metro-service all the time. On routes with single track only (see above) only each second train run over this single track to the end of the line. This sections are:

  • Line # 1: Waiplanam Road and Copper Street
  • line # 7: Sutatmai Place - Basin Ten

One-track routes

  • line # 2 between Khaimjin Hospital and Putters Ende with 7.5 km. In the middle at station Lavoonpha two trains can pass another. Trains will go every 10 minutes, in the peak-hours nearly every 6 minutes. This part of line # 2 was a part of the formerly steam-railway to Putters Ende on Khaimjin Island and was 1907 - as line # 2 was opened - wide in the outskirts of the city. Til today one train every 10 minutes can handle the traffic dayover. Other trains of this branch of line # 2 will terminate at Khaimjin Hospital.
  • line # 5 between Straits City and Glitterfish Beach in Batjun
  • line # 7 between Grygoose Circle and Windy Bay in Batjun

Interchange

If it possible, the interchange between two lines is organsated at the same platform in one direction (p.e. westbound to westbound), to make the changing of lines easy for the "straphanger". If two lines run a parallel way, then there lay four tracks - two for each lines. This are reasons of security and of easyer service. Normally weaks are only used at the end of a line or if the trains go in the depots or come out of there. The only line-forking now is at line # 2 with its two branches in the north at Khaimjin and in the south at Oktogon Hill.

Stations of parallel lines have two platforms - one for each directon. So it is easy, to change from one line to the other in the same direction.


Express service

Express service is offered to the long distance rides to Khaimjin and Batjun. Where express-service is realisized, always lay four tracks - two for the express-service and two for the local trains. Skipped station have no platform to express lines (reasons of security). Espress-service is realisized

  • Line # 2 between Basin One and Basin Ten - two skipped station served by line # 6
  • Line # 2 between Basin Ten and Morris Junction - six skipped stations served by line # 6
  • Lines ## 5 and 7 beetween Elm Street Junction and Boornai Junction - four skipped stations served by line # 11


List of lines

all lenght are given in kilometers

Line way map lenght one track Tunnel Viaduct Surface Stations parts opened remarks
1 Harbor - City - Oktogon - Salsa [10] 47.5 no 25.5 none 22 46 1918 / 1930 / 1981
2 Khaimjin Fork - City - Tjinkhu Square [11] 38 no 14.5 17.5 6 20 1907 / 1965 central part of line # 2
2 a Khaimjin Fork - Khaimjin Northend [12] 11 no 0.2 none 10.8 6 1907 railway 1885
2 b Khaimjin Fork - Putters End [13] 14 7.5 none none 14 9 1907 railway 1882
2 c Tjinkhu Square - Oktogon Strand Road [14] 12.5 no 12.5 none none 12 1907
2 d Tjinkhu Square - Bougainville [15] 10 no 10 none none 8 1918 / 1965 formerly part of line # 1
3 Sandy Point E. - City - Lushwood I. [16] 30 no 8 2 20 37 1913 / 1922 / 1983 1873 railway Sandy Point
4 Gorypla - City - Airport [17] 43 no 28 7.5 7.5 36 1910 / 1928 / 1937
5 Batjun W. - City - Lushwood I. [18] 67 11 16 19.5 31.5 45 1909 / 1936 1865 railway Batjun
6 Khaiwoocitta - City - Salsa [19] 59 no 14 17.5 27.5 40 1941 / 1988
7 Batjun W. - Central Stn. - Basin Ten [20] 47.5 6.5 18 11 18.5 36 1924 / 1945 / 2003
8 Sandy Point W. - Airport [21] 44 no 14.5 12.5 17 38 1971 / 1985 / 2007 4 km in construction
9 Sloebush - Central Station - East Shore [22] 23 no 23 none none 24 1969 / 1975 / 2011
10 Circle line City [23] 17.5 no 17.5 none none 20 1915 / 1927 / 1997 til 1997 2.5 km shorter
11 Bare Rock Bay - Oktogon Hill - Ralaphan [24] 52 no 18 3 31 38 1963 / 1990 part of 1963 as line # 9
12 First Quay - Denaruis Street [25] 12.5 no 12.5 none none 11 1979 13 km in construction
whole net 528.5 24.5 232.2 90.5 207.8 334 17 km in construction


Fares shown at the net-plan

Fares

Fares are paid through a stored-value card system known as Metpass, first introduced in 2002, which can be used to pay for virtually any transportation services in Khaiwoon, including those outside the Metro system such as buses, minibuses, taxis and ferries. Metro fares range from 0.60 K£ to 1.50 K£, with a half-fare discount card available for children, seniors and persons with disabilities. A "Travels Unlimited" Metpass is offered to foreign visitors allowing unlimited trips throughout the Metro system for a flat rate of 2.10 K£ per day.[5][6]

The single fare is divided to 8 stations, to 20 stations or more as 20 stations. Stations skipped by express-service are to count. Journeys on line # 10 itself can be made to -.60 KL without station limit.

For workers, students, senior citycens or other groups of people are avaiable cheaper abonnements-card with a monthly flatrate to different prices.

On the Khaiwoon-metro you can not ride without a card. The card is read touchless, if you enter the system. If you leave it, the amount of the journey is taken from the card. You can go til 1.-- KL in the red, but then at the next time you may not enter the system before filling up the amount. If the amount of your card is more negative, you can not leave the system before paying cash the difference.


Trains

In most times at lines ## 1 to 9 and 11 and 12 run trains with 9 wagons with a lenght of 135 m. The platforms of this lines are 150 m long. In times with lesser traffic run units with 6 wagons, 90 m long. Always three wagons at 15 m are one unit of a train. The newest type is TU5 (triple unit, type # 5) from 2009, but a lot of trains of type TU4 from 1987 and older trains run over the tracks in Khaiwoon.

Today the system has

  • 960 units of TU5 for 320 trains, numbered from 3001 to 3988 (with some gaps)
  • 1230 units of type TU4 for 410 trains, numbered from 6001 to 7619 (with gaps)
  • 318 units of the older type TU3 for 106 trains running only in the peak hours and stay as reserve, numnbered 7701 - 8018.
  • some historical trains, stored in the Old Pier Park depot.


Depots

In 16 depots the metro-trains are stored and serviced. Til 1977 the main-service points are the depots ## 1 and 3 in Khaimjin and Boornai, since then it is depot # 14 at the Tessen Canal.

Number Name opened trains service for lines on map remark
1 North (Khaimjin) 1907 70 2 and 6 [26]
2 Oktogon Beach 1907 15 2 [27]
3 Boornai 1909 70 5.7 and 11 [28]
4 Pertenoë 1910 42 4.7 and 11 [29]
5 Sloebush 1913 53 3.8 and 9 [30]
6 Copper Street 1918 52 1.10 and 12 [31]
7 Central 1921 52 2.3.7.9 and 10 [32] peak hour service
8 Funland 1924 60 4 and 7 [33]
9 Stadium 1930 23 1 [34] stadium service, peak hours
10 Lushwood 1936 46 3 and 5 [35]
11 Sesterzia Road 1972 58 8 and 12 [36]
12 South (Salsa) 1982 66 1 and 6 [37]
13 Moogurai 1989 66 6 and 11 [38]
14 Tessen Canal 1991 67 5, 7 and 11 [39] Main service station
15 Old Pier Park 2003 76 2, 4, 6, 7 and 8 [40] historic trains here
16 Ferry (Batjun) 2009 18 5 [41]


Streetcar-lines in Khaiwoon

From the formerly dense streetcar-network in Khaiwoon had survived only a handfull of isolated lines.

  • line 25 = Vinocura (Western Port) - Western Station - Gorypla Strand Road - Handon Ferry (Gorypla) with 17 km double-track
  • line 84 on Long Island in the north of the town with 8 km single track, serviced by two-axeled wagons from 1923 and operated by a comitee of interested inhabitants on the island. This line was new build 1966 from material, what was demolished in Khaiwoon [7].
  • Lines of the LIT (Lushwood Island Tram) with the lines LIT1 and LIT2, which both ride differend loops over the island
  • line "PRS" (Pass Road Streetcar) = Central Station - Wukhupan Bridge - Pass Road - Cruise Terminal throught the heart of the city with 5,5 km double track. This line is a very busy line in the heart of the city with service between 2 and 4 minutes
  • line "TSS" = Westend Plaza (Astoria) - Telegraph Hill as tourist-line to the hill with 5 km single track


Other and Trivia

AMYT book


Literature

  • Peter and Hector Secductoëë - "La Metro de Khaiwoon", Seria amarillo de AMYT No. 56, Latina (Ciudad) 2005
  • Evelyne Du Bois - "All lines ridden" (a report about the metro-systems worldwide), pages 83 to 128, Oktogon Edition, Khaiwoon, 1993


Remarks

  1. "About Metro". Khaiwoon Metro. Khaiwoon metro Retrieved 24 October 2014.
  2. "Mukhooë and Modernity". Khaiwoon: Khaiwoon New College Press. 18 April 2008. Retrieved 18 February 2011.
  3. Dates of opening in Peter and Hector Seductoëë - La Metro de Khaiwoon
  4. This frequence of 90 seconds are realisized since the 1960ies
  5. "KMC InfoWEB: 'Travels Unlimited' Wins the Visitor Services Award: Khaiwoon". KMC. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
  6. "Metro Fares". Khaiwoon Metro. Khaiwoon metro Retrieved 24 October 2014.
  7. "Our own streetcar" The Times of Khaiwoon 12th of Oktober 1966 and "Still alive - line 84" The Times of Khaiwoon 23th of May 2014