Kippa

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11, 35.4165, 119.4042
Kippa-sur
City
Motto:
"Kojo so Shil"
The Heart of Kojo
CountryKojo
DemonymKippalese
Area
 • Total527.6 (TBC) km2
Population
 • Census (2015)1 820 000 (TBC)
 • Density3 450 (TBC)/km2

Kippa (kip.pɑ, old script: 木場) is the third largest city in the republic of Kojo. It is situated at a major river junction, where the river Yuwan flows into the Kime. It has traditionally been one of the industrial centres of the country, but in turn suffered from a noticeable rise in unemployment since the 70's due to a decline of the manufacturing industry in the area. Some transformation processes have been more successful than others; for example, the old harbour to the north was turned into a modern residential and education neighbourhood in 2001, with an adjacent Dento manufacturing and research plant. The city was able to replace it's century old steel and crude manufacturing industry in part with high precision manufacturing and research, however for the most part the city still has one of the tensest social fabrics in the country.

The wider Kippa agglomeration (defined by Kippa and directly surrounding hibus) counts a total of 2,785,000 inhabitants, with 1,820,000 people living in Kippa-sur and 965,000 in surrounding towns.

History

Kippa pop development.PNG

The area of modern-day Kippa has been continuously settled since prehistoric times, due to the fertile land irrigated by Kojo's to largest rivers (Kime and Yuwan) and the strategical importance of their confluence. A foundation date for the medieval town on the tip of the confluence, originally called "Paityueshuka" (lit. "Wood Market" in the local dialect of that time), is therefore unknown. It probably received its name due to its role as a major trading post for wood, which was logged upstream (at times even as far as the mountains) and sent downwards for processing and reselling.

The first city wall, no remains of which are left today, must have been erected by the 9th century. Archeaelogical findings make it unclear what it exact hight was, and if it might had just been a big earth wall with stone foundations.

In the 14th century the residing Count XXX won a harsh military conflict with his older brother, King XXX of the XXX kingdom reign over the area, and declared the city (now named Pakka) the kingdom's new capital. He expanded the city by building a new wall and a royal residence to the west of the old town. Small sections of these fortifications, as well as the later altered residence, are still intact today. This time is often considered the "first golden age of Kippa", the allure of which is still preserved in the medieval old town.

After the great Kojolese civil war ("Thousand Kingdoms' War") in the 1620's and 30's, the XXX Kingdom was quickly conquered by the Pyilser-krun'a Dynasty, and local autonomy ended. Surb Rēkku renamed the city Kippa (from 木場 in Hopponese), as a homage to his Hopponese wife, while reawaking the city's connection to its (rather mundane) function as a trading place for wood and other ordinary goods. Despite its very central location in the new Kingdom, Kippa didn't evolve into a city of major significance, amongst others due to the ongoing rivalry with close by urban centers such as Púlmaerong and others.

That was about to change rapidly approaching the begin of the 19th century, as the first vibes of industrialisation began transforming the way goods were produced and the kind of ressources that were neccessary. Most of the Kojolese coal fields are found around the Kippa region, and combined with the benefitial location on major waterways, the region became the industrial heartland of the nation. During the early years of the Kojolese Republic, there were some people openly advocating for naming Kippa the new capital instead of the royal city of Pyingshum, because it was thought that the city would quickly outgrow Pyingshum due to its industrial strength. While that trend did not prevail, mostly because the spread of railway made transporting goods such as coal much easier which in turn lead to most cities in the country industrialise and grow at a rapid pace, the region around the confluence continued to attract massive amounts of new workers and manufacturing businesses for about one and a half centuries to come. At the same side, negative impacts such as overcrowding, pollution and social inequality were most apparent in Kippa as well, which made it a testing field for social and political movements throghout modern Kojolese democracy. This industrial age is often regarded as the "second golden age" of the city.

In 1948, Kippa and the nearly evenly sized Púlmaerong to the north were unified into one city by the national government against harsh protest from the populace of both cities. The fight over this forced unification as well as the subsequent name struggle is also known as the "Municipal Civil War", due to the intensity with which it was fought, uncomparable to earlier or later incorporations.

Under the impression of everlasting growth and technological progress, the advent of the automobile and especially its prospect as a mean of transportation for the masses set in motion the perhaps most rigorous and lasting gradual remodeling of a cityscape in Kojo outside of war destruction. Whole blocks and city quarters were torn down to construct new motorways and arterial roads, and the extensive tram network was dismantled; some lines were replaced by more auto-friendly subways, but most were not.

These efforts even accelerated once growth in the industrial sector stalled; growing competition from overseas as well as the emergence of the tertiary sector as the dominant field of employment were met with even more efforts to increase competitiveness, mostly by providing a flawless (in hindsight often deemed oversized) transportation infrastructure. Most significantly, the city quarter north of Kippa Main Station was remodelled into a modern business and leisure district, with skyscrapers and other buildings in style of the late 1960's to early 80's. Nevertheless, employment in manufacturing jobs peaked in 1968, and the city started experiencing a dramatic decline in purchase power and other economic and social metrics.

A radical rethinking of the city's public identity, which was still strongly linked to heavy industry even after its decline, only took place as late as the 1980's. The expansion of the new south harbour was halted, and parts of the old south and north harbour were redeveloped into high-grade office, retail and residential spaces. Kippa set out to refocus on its central location in Kojo as a place for business, while also aiming to progress from simple mass production of basic goods to more sophisticated high-tech manufacturing. This was enforced most notably by founding the Technical University in 1990 in the redeveloping north harbour. The strategical policies and political ambitions regarding this restructuring process were and are often promoted using phrases like "the third golden age" or "the new second golden age".

While analysts attest a high degree of success regarding this strategy, seen in the growing role of Kippa as a place for business interaction and high-tech manufacturing and research, structural weaknesses are still very apparent compared to other cities in Kojo, and will probably take many more years to overcome.

Administration and Demographics

List of Dengshōs in Kippa

Name of Dengshō & Number English translation area population pop. density Notes
Kippa (1) wood market 15.6 km² 117,800 7,551 inh./km²
Púlmaerong (2) km² inh./km²
Shīmau (3) km² inh./km²
Kippang (4) North Harbour 24.7 km² 54,700 2,215 inh./km²
Hóshumsul (5) km² inh./km²
Ámrotse-Poi (6) Fort (archaic) km² inh./km²
[[]] (7) km² inh./km²
Yuwan'gwo (8) km² inh./km²

List of Pangs in Dengshō 1 - Kippa

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes
Kuētokkyaen-Pang Old town 1.1 km² 6,300 5,727 inh./km²
Mátokkyaen-A'el-Pang Front-city-floodplain 3.2 km² 16,800 5,250 inh./km²
Kure 4.2 km² 37,200 8,857 inh./km²
Issolchain 3.4 km² 40,500 11,911 inh./km²
Maéimi Beautiful view 3.7 km² 17,000 4,595 inh./km²

List of Pangs in Dengshō 2 - Púlmaerong

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes
Kū Púlmaerong Old Púlmaerong 5.0 km² 64,700 12,940 inh./km²
Chezi Station 2.6 km² 16,200 6,230 inh./km²
Reakkinuel 4.0 km² 14,800 3,700 inh./km²
Lágalda 5.0 km² 14,700 2,940 inh./km²
[[]] km² inh./km²

List of Pangs in Dengshō 3 - Shīmau

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes
Shīmau 4.2 km² 20,520 4,886 inh./km²
Hal'au 15.7 km² 30,200 1,924 inh./km²
Pambyol 7.9 km² 25,800 3,266 inh./km²
Fangnuel 7.3 km² 20,300 2,781 inh./km²
PH km² inh./km²

List of Pangs in Dengshō 4 - Kippang

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes
Kippang North Harbour 8.6 km² 18,100 2,105 inh./km²
Bolsul 8.3 km² 21,500 2,590 inh./km²
Mō-Taifuli 7.7 km² 15,100 1,961 inh./km²

List of Pangs in Dengshō 5 - Hóshumsul

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes
Hóshumsul km² inh./km²
Naindae Palcho Hilly-Brownforest 19,3 km² 45,800 2,373 inh./km²
Yikkīchi 6,5 km² 9,200 1,415 inh./km²
Kataze 12,1 km² 21,300 1,760 inh./km²
Momang 4,0 km² 2,400 600 inh./km²
Wongkal km² inh./km²
Ko-Ōuel small-bigvillage 4,8 km² 12,900 2,688 inh./km²
Hintamchi 15.2 km² 11,800 776 inh./km²
[[]] km² inh./km²
[[]] km² inh./km²

List of Pangs in Dengshō 6 - Ámrotse-Poi

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes
Ámrotse fort (archaic) 5.9 km² 10,900 1,847 inh./km²
Bojūsum 8.5 km² 14,100 1,660 inh./km²
Oikyaeng 4,5 km² 3,900 870 inh./km²
Lin'na 15.8 km² 26,800 1,696 inh./km²
Nagguel 9.5 km² 12,600 1,330 inh./km²
Poi km² inh./km²
Euel-Zónto 6.7 km² 3,900 582 inh./km²
Wongkal 6.9 km² 16,700 2,420 inh./km²
[[]] km² inh./km²

List of Pangs in Dengshō 7 - PH

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes
[[]] km² inh./km²
[[]] km² inh./km²
[[]] km² inh./km²
[[]] km² inh./km²
[[]] km² inh./km²

List of Pangs in Dengshō 8 - Yuwan'gwo

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes
Abbuel Upper village 10.1 km² 15,900 1,574 inh./km²
Hyakófing-Uebbul 7.5 km² 13,300 1,773 inh./km²
Ginzu km² inh./km²
[[]] km² inh./km²
[[]] km² inh./km²


Transportation

Due to its size, its central position in the country and role as a manufacturing centre, Kippa is arguably the 2nd most important transportation hub in Kojo after its capital Pyingshum. The country's largest Ésubān network connects the city's suburbs to its centre and each other, while a handful of Tokkyaenchoel lines take on a supporting role in moving people closer to where they want to be in and around the city centre.

Railway

The city is served by a very high number of IC, CC and regional trains. IC trains call at the city's main station Kippa Zóngchezi, while all CC trains also stop at Púlmaerong Zóngchezi in the north and Kippa Akuchezi in the south.

The following list lists all IC and CC routes serving Kippa.

Number Stops Headway Rolling Stock Notes
IC 1 Pyingshum ADC, Kahyuemgúchi, Leshfyomi-sul, Púlmaerong ZC (Kippa), Kippa ZC, Láoféi, Kimelíngsan-shu, Jaka Kayaran 1 h (3+3) -/-
IC 1 E Pyingshum ADC, Kippa ZC, Jaka Kayaran 1 h (4S+4) -/-
IC 5 Pyingshum ADC, Kahyuemgúchi, Leshfyomi-sul, Púlmaerong ZC (Kippa), Kippa ZC, Tamrong, Hetta, Womenlū, Zúkshi (Fóskiman h.), Finkyáse 1 h 2N -/-
IC 5 E Pyingshum ADC, Kippa ZC, Hetta, Womenlū, Finkyáse 1 h 2N -/-
CC 20 Oreppyo, Nároggul, Púlmaerong ZC (Kippa), Kippa ZC, Kippa Akuchezi, Wenzū, Yoyomi 1 h (1N+1N) -/-
CC 40 Busakyueng ZC, Tarappel-Finglyúson, Formajiá, PH, Púlmaerong ZC (Kippa), Kippa ZC, Kippa Akuchezi 1 h (1N+1N) -/-
CC 51 Unzai, Línai, Tinglyū, Īme Takyoechezi, Púlmaerong ZC (Kippa), Kippa ZC, Kippa Akuchezi 1 h 1N -/-
CC 53 Pyingshum ADC, Sújoshí, Kimaéchul, Púlmaerong ZC (Kippa), Kippa ZC, Kippa Akuchezi, , Arákkanai 2 h 1N -/-

Ésubān

KippaSbahn2.png

Tokkyaenchoel

Kippa used to have an extensive tram network, before large parts were dismantled or moved underground to make space for cars. The remaining network is classified as a Tokkyaenchoel, and contains stretches comparable to a tram systems as well as fully grade separated metro sections.

Motorways

Kippa is the Kojolese city with the densest inner-city motorway network. Unlike in the rest of the country, on most sections residents of the city can travel toll-free as these tolls are paid by the municipal government since the 1970's.

Airport

With Kippa International Airport the city boosts one of Kojo's five designated international airports, despite being the smallest of these 5. With its single runway it handles about 93,000 flight movements per year and a total of 8 million passengers. Due to its central location in Kojo, only very few domestic flights call at the airport, with the majority of traffic being generated by outgoing seasonal tourists and international business travellers. Pyingshum International Airport is also very easily accessible in less than one hour by high-speed IC trains.

Education

Tertiary Education

Despite the city's status as the manufacturing powerhouse of Kojo, it did not have a proper university until 1959. Even back then, when a former musical college was converted and expanded into the Kippa Ōnagara, employment in manual labor was still so high that the focus of the new university was set out to be arts and humanities. During the decline of steel, energy and other heavy industries in the 1970's, a faculty of engineering was added to the university in 1976, with mediocre success.

Eventually, in 1990, that faculty was re-founded as an independent technical university Kime Gigyōnagara, together with a big urban development project in the Old Northern Harbour. The first stage of the campus was completed in 1993. Initially suffering from a bad reputation due to the underwhelming experiences with its predecessor, it quickly turned out to be a very sucessful institution, attracting many more students in the years to come with need for expansion. One often cited reason is the close cooperation with many surrounding high-tech manufacturers, such as Dento and others.

Today, there are 38,600 students at Kime Gigyōnagara, which is leading the Kojolese BMS University Ranking in the field of "Science&Engineering", as well as being part of the recognised "Mechanical Engineering Education and Research Cluster Kippa".

An additional 39,900 students persue education at Kippa Ōnagara, which also managed to expand its stance in the field of business studies and economics as well as teacher training, however barely missing a top three position in the relevant field ranking due to its non-existant law programmes. It does however perform well enough for a second place in the field of Art, Music and Design.

Another 7,600 students study at other institutions of tertiary education in the city, both certified private and public, amounting to a total number of students of around 86,100.