Kojo

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Kojo (kodʑo) is an unitary, parliamentary and constitutionally democratic republic located in the south-east of Uletha, bordering the Sound of Pa in the south and Ataraxia in the west.

Despite a history dating back to the stone age, Kojo itself came into being as a unified nation state only in 1668.

Kojo ja Uleta so akudyong bue, aku máre Taman'yumi fā, limbē máre Atarakkusī fā kokkyōyu assoldaeki, hakkedaeki, sāmahandodaekimen demomínzudaeki jōbunmyeru ku.

Karetaki hyeto lishi kāwaryuzu, Kojo tte assol'yora'e azaggumyeru 1668 [kau-wera-tōku-wera-cchen-uttari] ní yéri aruemeru.

7, 36.129, 118.312
Republic of Kojo
Kojo Jōbun-Myeru
Kojojobunmyeru.png
Flag
Flag
Capital
and largest city
Pyingshum
Official languagesKojoshi
DemonymKojolese
GovernmentParliamentary Republic
LegislatureJōbunhakke
Area
 • Total287,566.32 km2
Population
 • Census (2014)40,000,000
 • Density139/km2
GDP (PPP)2014
 • Total1,494,375,000,000 Int$
 • Per capita39,850 Int$
GDP (nominal)2014
 • Total33,607,500,000,000 Zubi
 • Per capita896,200 Zubi
HDI (2015)0.903
very high
Timezone+7 h (no summer time)
CurrencyZubi
Drives on theright

Geography and Climate

Elevation map of Kojo
farm land at the river Kime, north of Leshfyomi-sul
Mountain valley somewhere between Góhomi and Busakyueng, in Kyoélnain-iki
Beach on an eastern portion of the coast, in Cheryuman-iki
Prairies in western Kojo, mostly in Lainyerō-iki

In the south Kojo's coast at the Sound of Pa is mostly flat, featuring many sand and pebble beaches. In the north there are mountains up to more than 4000 m height. These mountains flatten out to the south into low mountain ranges.

Kojo's climate can be considered temperate, ranging from open and flat prairies and grassland in the west, fertile farmland irrigated by the river Kime and its influxes in middle of the country, to dense forest in the low mountain ranges as well as in the very east and lofty mountains with snow all year round in the very north.

History

Prehistory

Various tribes without verifiable cultural connections or common language lived in parts of today's Kojo since the stone age. There have been various findings of ancient tools and cave drawings as well as primitive clothing, but no form of recorded writing. Earliest gravesites, housing and farming facilities date back to around 9,000 b.c.

PH Darasushan (alt.: "1st Rō-age") - 313-614

While most historians agree that the unified Gitaenhōlyuē faith must have emerged from a large number of unconnected but similar tribal rites and believe systems found throughout Kojo for centuries before, the oldest written texts documenting such religious themes (and the oldest written documents found in Kojo at all) were dated back to the year 313. This estimate stems from historic studies from the early 20th century, and new radiologic assessments brought about evidence that the artifacts might actually be 100 to 200 years younger; nevertheless the year remains an important cornerstone in Kojolese historic science and is used as the beginning of the PH Age, also called first -age since the texts were from there and the city would remain the most productive cultural center for the coming centuries.

PH - 413-614

Eddo-Kyómre Darasushan (alt.: "2nd Rō-age") - 876-1200

Despite still being of high religious significance, there was no institutionalised organisation or central authority, other than various independent local high priests, chiefs etc., of which the ones teaching in Rō were a little more influential due to the significance of the site. However, in 856 (other sources claim 858), unified symvanist church was formally founded. By congregations from all over central Kojo, due to military pressure from neighbouring regions. This common enemy posed a power-political incentive for the local tribes to unite, and under the spiritual leadership of a common religious centre they sought to strengthen their defense ability.

The following centuries were marked by a consolidation of the Gitaenhōlyuē faith, its spread across the country, and the emergence of Rō as a major centre of pilgrimage.

Yoyomryi Darasushan - 1200-1620

The Kojolese middle ages are usually referred to as Yoyomi-age; that is due to the fact that Yoyomi (Yoyomryi in earlier times) rose to be the largest city in the region for most of that time. Despite a certain degree of military and especially cultural dominance of the Zerka kingdom and its capital during this age that it lent its name to, this time span was marked by a polycentric and variable balance of power amongst the countless kingdoms and principalities.

The thousand Kingdoms' War - Kojolese Unification

Up to around 1620, the area of modern Kojo was a rag rug of small kingdoms and principalities.

The countless small conflicts eventually escalated, and in 1620 the whole region was in a state of war; additionally, partly caused by the conflict and partly by unfavorableweather conditions , a great famine forced huge parts of the population in the area of today's Kojo and immediate surroundings to flee from starvation, mingling languages and culture. As a result, all political structures were disrupted, and only few kings were able to stay in charge of their kingdoms or principalities at all. Things slowly settled down, while the survivors of the big migration wave started to build their new lives and new political structures arouse where the former sovereign lost control.

During that time, the King in charge of today's Pyingshum and the area around it, King Surb Rēkku from the Pyilser-krun'a Dynasty, whose dominion happened to do quite well economically and influentially after the wave, intensified his aspiration to gain more control over the other kingdoms in the area, and his family's kingdom slowly rose in power. In 1622, 4 years into his reign and at the age of 20, he had married 18 years old Chihaya Nabunga, daughter of the Hopponese leader Ato Nabunga and his concubine, or rather co-empress, Queen Riya. Riya was the king's favourite and therefore most wealthy concubine, which lead to her daughter being known as "the vein princess". The Hopponese leader hoped that the marriage would improve general political stability in the north; marrying his daughter to the Pyilser-krun'a Dynasty, he gambled that Surb Rēkku would be able to unify the area of today's Kojo. Eventually in 1668, 4 years before Surb Rēkku's death, an area quite similar to today's Kojo was unified by the King and his Hopponese wife, and Pyingshum became the new country's capital.

High Pyilser-krun'a Dynasty - 1668-1829

The country entered a phase called "High Pyilser-krun'a Dynasty", which was marked by a large draw of administration, science and trade to the new nation's capital, where it flourished. Also, the marriage to Hopponese royalty not only had a vast influence on rules and rites in the royal court itself, but also drew, in addition to the already quite extensive court society, a considerable number of Hopponese admirers who followed their beloved Chihaya and settled down in Kojo permanently. That had a significant impact on the the Kojolese language and culture. During this age, all the different local cultures and languages that came with and got disrupted by the war, famine and subsequent migration wave had merged, resulting in modern Kojo's relatively uniform culture and language. This process was accelerated by the fact that during the time directly after the wave there weren't any ethnical or cultural majorities in most parts of the country.

Revolution - downfall of the monarchy

As the first vibe of industrialization swept through the country, social problems quickly became apparent. After decades of constant decline in health and working condition, the people were dissatisfied with their extravagant and incompetent ruler's way of spending enormous amounts of money on splendour and luxury. After rising tensions and eventually civil-war-like states especially in working class neughbourhoods in some areas of the country, the anti-monarchists eventually overthrew the ruling King and his local aristocratic administration in 1828. It was decisive to the success of their undertaking that the military collaborated with them on the last days of the revolution and especially during the raid on the palace. Surb-Racchi was executed, and the following years were marked by a subsequent power-struggle between the democratic movements and the military forces, at times again under civil-war like conditions. After 6 years of fighting, partial military dictatorship and social unrest, a semi-democratic constitution was written and proclaimed in 1834.

1st constitution - 1834-1939

It took several years for the effects of the democratic revolution in Pyingshum to spread through the country and reach even the more distant regions. One reason was that the new democratic order reinstated some of the local aristocrats previously appointed by the King as governors, as a way to calm and control the military throughout the nation. However the new centralistic state did not intend to prolong the tradition of granting the local posts of power to the previous office holder's descendant, but instead aimed for local administrations more closely aligned with the national government. Throughout the first decades of the new rule, many reinstated local chiefs tried to resist this slow transfer of power away from hereditary rule and abolition of nobleness, which caused a number of state crisis's and even small armed conflicts. However, by the late 19th century, the last hereditary local ruler was replaced by a bureaucratic chief administer appointed by the central government. This achievement was aided by the rapid growth of railways, which, besides now being the driving force behind industrialisation, enabled the government to more effectively control the regional administrations.

The second half of the 19th century was, politically, marked by further consolidation of power in the capital Pyingshum. Economically industrialisation now was transforming industry at a rapid pace and drew the masses towards the city. Urban landscapes were transforming, and social norms and ideals were shifting. Religious adherence plummeted, and by the turn of the century less than half of the population was describing themselves as active performers of Symvanism.

2nd constitution - since 1939

The political system of Kojo experienced a general rivalry between the office of president and his Chancellor in the early 20th century, as the office of Chancellor was continuously expanding its power and influence, while still being formally subordinated to the president. As the chancellor had to be approved by parliament, president and chancellor sometimes were from different ends of the political spectrum, and the only thing the president could do was to dissolve parliament and schedule reelections. When between 1928 and 1939 there were a total of 9 reelections, it was decided that to guarantee a functioning government, there would have to be a major redraft of the political structure. Under the new system, the chancellor was now a post independent from the president, and only elected by the parliament. The president was reduced to a merely representative figure.

With The flooding of Kalaē in 2008, Kojo experienced the nation's deathliest natural disaster of the 21st century, with an official death toll of 2,268.

Demographics

Cities and Settlements

Kojo's population is highly concentrated in the country's major urban areas, with xx xxx xxx of its xx xxx xxx inhabitants living in cities proper of 100 000 or larger, and nearly a quarter in the country's capital alone.

City name inhabitants comment Region
Pyingshum 8,600,000 capital and primate city Pyingshum-iki
Finkyáse 2,930,000 famous for culture, art and science. Fóskiman-iki
Kippa 1,820,000 important manufacturing centre Gyoéng'guffe-iki
Jaka 1,210,000 important international harbor Pacchipyan-iki
Kwaengdō 1,190,000 Cheryuman-iki
Yoyomi 920,000 very specialised event service industry Wāfyeíkko-iki
Busakyueng 840,000 Kyoélnain-iki
Womenlū 780,000 Fóskiman-iki
Wenzū 650,000 Dento Headquarter Wāfyeíkko-iki
Manlung 590,000 regional centre for the sparsely populated west Lainyerō-iki
Oreppyo 580,000 Lainyerō-iki
Hetta 440,000 Pacchipyan-iki
Toefyei 400,000 Receiver of the title "Kojo's most boring city" for 8 years in a row Degyáhin-iki
Tsuyenji 400,000 High-class beach holiday destination Cheryuman-iki
Kahyuemgúchi 370,000 Pyingshum-iki
Nároggul 355,000 Chin'yaku-iki
Góhomi 340,000 Famous city for sanatoriums and health resorts Kyoélnain-iki
Geryong 320,000 Centre of Sappaér-iki, bordering Ataraxia Sappaér-iki
Ántibes 280,000 Fóskiman-iki
Ojufyeng 260,000 Pacchipyan-iki
Arákkanai 260,000 Wāfyeíkko-iki
255,000 Historic town on hillside, holy city of the faith Gitaenhōlyuē Rō-iki
City name inhabitants comment Region
Kari 255,000 Degyáhin-iki
Īme 240,000 Chin'yaku-iki
Zúkshi (Fóskiman h.) 235,000 Fóskiman-iki
Unzai 230,000 Valley city with large landmark-bridge Kyoélnain-iki
Leshfyomi-sul 225,000 Chin'yaku-iki
Toribiri 220,000 in the mountains, winter sports, some mining and forestry Nainchok-iki
Kimelíngsan-shu 215,000 Gyoéng'guffe-iki
Tamrong 210,000 Gyoéng'guffe-iki
Formajiá 200,000 Pyingshum-iki
Igilaē 195,000 Seat of Kojo's highest courts Gyoéng'guffe-iki
Tinglyū 175,000 Chin'yaku-iki
Chin-Jōrin 150,000 Nainchok-iki
Laófil 135,000 Pyingshum-iki
Rajjihaim 135,000 Gyoéng'guffe-iki
Shangmē 135,000 Nainchok-iki
Láoféi 130,000 Gyoéng'guffe-iki
Palda 120,000 Strong chemical industry Lainyerō-iki
Zúkshi (Cheryuman h.) 115,000 Cheryuman-iki
Línai 110,000 Lakeside town, famous for wine Chin'yaku-iki
Makalasueng 105,000 Kyoélnain-iki
Jippun 105,000 Lainyerō-iki
Kōnil 100,000 surrounded by gravel pits Lainyerō-iki

Blue background indicate seats of the regional administration.

Immigrant Population

Kojo had a slow but steady influx of immigrant over the last century, from neighboring countries as well as from places far away.

Religion

Full article: Gitaenhōlyuē The native Kojolese religion is called Gitaenhōlyuē (from ancient Rōlese "gitenaly", "knowledge"), or Symvanism in Ingerish (from ancient Greek [ogf-vers?] "συμβάν" "symván", "event, happening"). Kojolese people tend not to be very religious. Since the 18th century, the Kojolese faith was in decline. Most temples today are only preserved for preservation's sake, only about 0.6% (225.000) of all Kojolese still pray to the Kojolese Gods and Goddesses. A notable exception is the city , where 37% (70.300) of the city's population still claim to worship this faith. Out of the 9.8% of the total population who claim to "attend to a religion", the other 9.2% are people with migration background that still hold the believe of their home country or parents.

The origins of the Symvanist faith are difficult to pin down; it's roots can be found as early as in some tribal rites and traditions in the 2nd and 3rd century A.D. The oldest written records are from the 9th century, and the centralist organised religious community can be traced back to about the same time. There are three basic theological principles of the faith: the concept of veneration of events and places (instead of saints), the idea that the Creation was not an act by a God but rather that the universe just spontaneously came into existence, and that the Gods and Goddesses were either an instant and by natural law inevitable byproduct (the higher Gods), or came into existence later each due to a magnificent event, like the Creation of earth (the immediate Gods).

Other Statistics

The birth rate is at 1.56 children per women, much less than the 2.1 needed for a maintaining the current population. The total population however remained mostly constant since decades, due to immigration outnumbering emigration.

The incarceration rate is 72 people / 100,000 inhabitants.

Government

Kojo is an unitary, parliamentary and constitutional republic. The Constitution of the Republic of Kojo divides the government into three branches: the legislature (parliament), the executive (president and chancellor), and the judiciary (courts). The "Administration" is often cited as the fourth, hidden pillar of the republic, because it often exhibits a life on its own and largely constitutes a constant factor, even when elected governments change.

The Parliament

Current seat distribution in the Jōbunhakke

The nation's parliament, the Jōbunhakke, forms the legislative. It's a one chamber parliament and elected by the people every 4 years via proportional representation (mixed-member). Besides issuing laws, its members most importantly elect the Gankakuchō (Chancellor) at the beginning of every new term, and constitute one half of the presidential convention that elects the Gozóngchō (President).

Besides the Jōbunhakke, there exists another chamber, the Ikihakkewe. It has a unique make up, as half of its currently 833 members are elected by the administration and the other half by local politicians such as majors and city-councillors. Because it only has very limited functions, it usually isn't counted as a second chamber of parliament. The Ikihakkewe needs to approve laws that change the financial or power relationship between local and the national government, as well as changes to the constitution, each with a simple majority of its members (as opposed to the Jōbunhakke, which needs a super-majority of 2/3rds to change the constitution). In both cases, when the Ikihakkewe does not approve a law or change to the constitution proposed by the Jōbunhakke, the Jōbunhakke can schedule a popular vote which in turn can overwrite the Ikihakkewe's decision. Since the constitution doesn't provide for any other mean of changing the constitution by popular vote, there have been cases in the past where the Ikihakkewe purposefully denied approval to such a law in order to enable a popular vote, even though its members themselves were generally in favour of the change, because the matter was deemed so important that the public should vote on it. Examples are the temporal suspension of the compulsory military service in 1980, or 1968, where both the drafting committee for and the popular vote about a major constitutional reform where only made possible by a constitutional amendment themselves. The members of the Ikihakkewe elected by the local representatives also form the second half of the presidential convention which elects the president. Members of the Ikihakkewe are only reimbursed for their travel and other expenses and do not receive any other emoluments.

The President

The Gozóngchō (President) is the head of state. His or her work composes of mostly representative tasks. For example, the President is the highest representative of the state, appoints Ambassadors, has to sign laws to formally enactthem, and is a last instance of check for constitutionality in general. He serves for 7 years and can only be re-elected once. He resides in the Gozóngchō so Jaesan (Presidential Mansion).

The Chancellor

The Gankakuchō (Chancellor) is the head of government. He or she works in the Gankakuchō so Hyosilwe (the Chancellery). The Chancellor appoints the rest of the government, namely the ministers, by formally suggesting them to the President, who then has to appoint them. The Chancellor is traditionally the single most influential person in politics, since he or she defines the guidelines of inner and foreign policy, despite being only 3rd after the president and the president of the parliament in official state protocol.

The Courts

The courts, forming the judiciary, are independent. The supreme court and some courts of last appeal are situated in the small city of Igilaē, to physically represent their constitutional distance from the other branches of government.

The constitutional court has the last say in all controversies over the constitution, and is the mediating instance between the constitutional bodies. The other courts of last appeal are all responsible for a distinct area of law, and can be appealed to by anyone on any legal dispute after going through the lower stages in the court hierarchy. These so called national courts are:

  • Shínchopō nijúinde Dattarān (lit. "Jurisdiction dedicated to the constitution"); constitutional court, Igilaē
  • Tsōbolakān nijúinde Dattarān; supreme court of ordinary jurisdiction; usually concerned with issues of civil or criminal law, Finkyáse
  • Búkinmolno nijúinde Dattarān; supreme court of financial jurisdiction; concerned with taxation and customs, Igilaē; not to be confused with the central auditing authority (Búkinshutugēl Sanzyofā) in Pyingshum
  • Gōzomolno nijúinde Dattarān; supreme court of labour jurisdiction, Igilaē
  • Myingsamolno nijúinde Dattarān; supreme court of social jurisdiction, Tingluē
  • Tōyo nijúinde Dattarān; supreme court of administrative jurisdiction; concerned with general legal disputes about administrative issues, usually between citizens and the state, if not area of responsibility of one of the above, Láoféi

The lower courts are organised on a regional (Gōsaeidaran) and municipal (Munchipaldaran) level. In big cities, cases of civil law or other (minor) cases can be dealt with at district courts (Shottarān), however when appealed the case then advances directly to the regional court. These court districts are usually congruent to the Dengshō.

The Administration

A rather unique feature of the Kojolese political system is the emphasis on a strict border between the government and "The Administration". The administration is often cited as the 4th division of power. While the government and its ministries are mostly focused on drafting laws and enacting policy in their respective fields, these policies are then executed by the various national, regional and municipal agencies. Although national and most regional agencies are under the direct supervision of the national government and municipal agencies are controlled by their respective municipality, especially the national and regional agencies often exhibit a life on their own. The actual interpretation and realisation of policies are strongly shaped by the administration's own way of doing things.

Career paths in the administration usually start in municipal agencies, with aspirants working their way up through the regional or even national agencies. Very successful high school or university graduates are also sometimes recruited directly into higher ranks, especially after graduating from the prestigious and hard to get into Kōkumin Ekól (School of Higher Administration). It is estimated that among leadership positions in the regional and national administration (excluding the ministries themselves), ca. 60% have worked up their way from entry-level positions, 20% are Kōkumin Ekól graduates and another 20% are career changers who have worked outside of the administration for some time. Unlike in a lot of other democracies, the Kojolese constitution knows a number of cases where the passive suffrage is restricted; Anyone employed in the national or regional administration cannot run for office in national elections for 10 years after their last day of employment, or 20 year for positions of leadership. Similarly, many cities (besides very small ones) also use their constitutional right to institute such regulations on a municipal level.

The following list only includes civil services provided by the national government and it's regional embodiments; municipal duties (such as garbage, public order offices, schooling infrastructure, public transportation etc.) and agencies not classified as part of the executive (such as the parliament administration or some aspects of the courts' self-management) are not included.

Besides a couple of executive functions that are not under the control of the Chancellor, most notably the President and his staff, most government activities fall under the Chancellor's responsibility or under one of his or her ministers. The ministries oversee a lot of different agencies and services, to which they delegate most of the technical work and interaction with the public. The most common name for institutions with nation-wide scope of action is Kyanfā ("Agency"). Regional institutions under national directive are called Sháchu ("Service"). Agencies which oversee regional services are amended with the prefix "Central" (Zóngshinkyanfā), while Agencies with no oversight over the corresponding regional Services (because they are directly controlled by the ministry as well) usually bear the title "National" (Zággaikyanfā). The aforementioned naming scheme only applies to the administration under the directive of the national government. City departments or offices are usually called buéro, while agencies instituted on the regional level but operating under the directive of the respective region's municipalities are called uelfā.

While most agencies and services are referred to using an abbreviation of their full name in everyday use, there are inconsistencies regarding their long-name variants. While some names include grammatical particles to emphasizes their respective grammatical function (Shínchopō sum shárukanyaesói so Kyanfā, lit. "Agency for Protecting the Constitution"), other names do not (Oetsōno Kyanfā, lit. "Migration Agency").
Kojo Administration Naming Scheme.png

List:

  • Office of the Presidential bureau (Gozóngchō so Hyokyanfā, Pyingshum)
  • National Auditing Authority (Zággai Búkinshutugēl Sanzyofā, Pyingshum)
  • Constitution Protection-Agency (Shínchopō sum shárukanyaesói so Kyanfā (SHSHK), Pyingshum)
  • Kojolese Central Bank (Kojo Zóngshin-weibyaeng, Pyingshum)
  • National Archive (Zággai Altífōwe, Pyingshum)
  • Chancellor (Gankakuchō, Pyingshum)
    • The Chancellery (Gankakuchō so Hyosilwe, Pyingshum)
    • Office of the Press Secretary
    • Officer of State for Digital Affairs
    • Officer of State for Relations with the Arkatsum Kingdom
    • Ministry of the Interior (Būla so Naelnimyue, Pyingshum)
      • Central Police Agency
        • 13 regional Police Departments
      • Central Criminal Prosecution Agency
      • 22 Police Academies
      • Customs Police
      • Agency for Digital Security
      • Agency for Meteorology
      • National Agency for Monument and Landscape Conservation
      • 13 regional Monument and Landscape Conservation Services
      • 15 regional Archives
      • Agency for Migration (Oetsōno Kyanfā, Kwaengdō)
      • National Agency for Civil Protection and Disaster Prevention
      • Agency for Technical Assistance
        • 11 regional Technical Relief Services
      • Central Agency for Spatial Planning, Mapping and Interregional Cooperation (Wamzudamolno, Nomshusói ko Mijidōdaeki Kyakkai Zóngshinkyanfā)
        • 13 regional Spatial Planning Services
      • Agency for Volunteer Service
    • Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Sotta so Naelnimyue, Pyingshum)
      • Foreign Intelligence Agency (Dózai-Tokapparyuē so Kyanfā (DTK), Pyingshum)
      • Agency for the Promotion of Kojolese Culture and Language Abroad
      • Embassies of Kojo abroad
    • Ministry of Finance (Búkinmolno so Naelnimyue, Pyingshum)
      • Agency for Financial Services Certification
      • National Agency for Taxation
      • 13 regional Taxation Services
      • National Agency for Remuneration
      • 13 regional Remuneration Services
      • National Agency for National Asset Management
      • 13 regional Asset Management Services
    • Ministry of Defence (Fángri so Naelnimyue, Pyingshum)
      • Military Counter-Intelligence Agency (Fanglyué-Jōto so Kyanfā (FJK), Pyingshum)
      • 2 Universities of the Armed Forces (Forsamé so Ōnagara, Pyingshum and Jaka)
    • Ministry of Justice (Héngyi so Naelnimyue, Pyingshum)
      • Agency of Justice (Héngyi so Kyanfā, Pyingshum)
      • Central Agency for Consumers' Rights
        • 13 regional Consumers' Rights Services
      • Public Prosecutor's Agency
        • 13 regional Public Prosecution Services
        • 12 regional Penitentiary and Resocialisation Services
    • Ministry of Labour, Social Issues and Sports (Gōzo, Myingsamolno ko Taigi so Naelnimyue, Pyingshum)
      • Agency for Work
      • Agency for Drug and Medical Services Certification
      • Agency for the Advancement of Competitive Sport (Mankaidaeki Taigi so Yaeshittehīchon lui Kyanfā, Jaka)
        • 7 regional athletes' contact bureaus
      • Agency for Workers' Protection
      • Agency for the five non-facultative insurance services
      • Anti-discrimination Agency
    • Ministry of Economic Affairs and Trade (Kishamolno ko Jijiyaengmolno so Naelnimyue, Pyingshum)
      • Agency for Patents and Trademarks
      • Agency for Statistics
      • Agency for Import and Export Monitoring (Jaka)
      • Cartell Agency
      • Agency for Food Safety
      • Agency for Caration and Standardisation
      • Agency for Mining and Pitmen
    • Ministry of Education, Innovation and Culture (Goakyan, Líno ko Tsungbon so Naelnimyue, Pyingshum)
      • Agency for Health Education
      • Agency for Political Education
      • Agency for Syllabus and Material
      • National Library (Zággai Besoegawan, Pyingshum)
      • 21 Central Libraries
      • 5 National Museums (Jōbun-Showugan, "People's Museum": two in Pyingshum (History, Art), one in XX (Science and Technology), XX (Sport) and XX (Geology))
      • Agency for Professional Training
      • National Agency for the Coordination of Vocational Training
      • 13 regional bureaus for the Coordination of Vocational Training
      • Agency for Primary and Secondary Schooling
      • Agency for Pre-natal care, Daycare and Preschool
      • Central Agency for Archaeology
        • 13 regional Archaeology Services
      • National Agency for Conservation of the Intangible
      • 13 regional Services for Conservation of the Intangible
    • Ministry of the Environment (Yultai so Naelnimyue, Pyingshum)
      • Agency for Nuclear Safety and Disposal
      • National Agency for Environmental Research
      • 13 regional Environment and Sustainability Services
      • Central Agency for Woodlands, Ranching, Hunting and Firearms
        • 12 regional Forestry and Ranching Services
        • 12 regional Hunting Services
        • 59 regional Firearm Services
      • Central Veterinary and Animal Welfare Examination Agency
        • 13 regional Veterinary and Animal Welfare Examination Services
    • Ministry of Infrastructure, Communication and Energy (Hīshíbyaeng, Denching ko Uzam so Naelnimyue)
      • Aviation Agency (A'érosaē so Kyanfā, Pyingshum)
        • Lower Agency for Air Traffic Control "Kojocontrol" (Aensaē Ishkel Bangfā, Pyingshum)
        • Lower Agency for Aircraft, Aerodrome and Personnel Certification (Aenlai, A'éropō ko Rinin so Shataeiyusói Bangfā, Pyingshum)
      • Agency for Waterways and Shipfare (Hún'gō ko Champyonsaē Kyanfā, Kippa)
      • Agency for Roads (Michi Kyanfā, Kippa; research institution)
      • National Agency for Planning, Construction and Upkeep of Motorways
        • XX local motorway maintenance facilities
      • 12 Regional Road Planning, Construction and Upkeep Services
      • Road Approving Agency (licensed, private company owned by the government)
      • Motor Vehicles Admission Board (licensed, private company owned by the government)
      • Agency for Railway Infrastructure and Operation (research institution)
      • Agency for Railway Certification (licensed, private company owned by the government)
      • Kojo Railway Company (Kojo Hyengshō Sanannon-licensed, private company owned by the government)
      • Agency for Signal Communication
      • Agency for Post Affairs
      • Agency for Energy Production, Subsidies and Emission Certificate Trade
        • State Enterprise for Hydroelectricity (non-licensed, private company owned by the government)
      • Agency for the Power, Gas and Water Networks
      • Central Agency for Communication and Data Networks
        • 10 regional Data Networks Services
      • Agency for Passenger and Freight Transport (regulatory authority)

Administrative Divisions

Kojo is a centralist state, with elections only taking place at the national and the municipal level. The intermediate regions ("Iki") form a stage for balance of interest and cooperation. Each iki is headed by a prefect, who is sent by and represents the central government. The prefects execute the central government's policies in their respective regions, and control the regional services (Sháchu); in the numerous areas overlapping with the municipalities' jurisdiction, the prefect frequently serves as a local negotiator. They are also responsible for imminent relief in the case of catastrophes, and are only allowed to leave their iki when instructed to so by the central government. For in-depth explanation of the different types of subdivisions as well as a comprehensive listing, please see the main article: Administrative divisions in Kojo.

The following list lists all 13 administrative regions in Kojo with their name, population, size, population density and their urban surs (cities above 100,000 inhabitants).

Name of Iki Population Area km² (land) Pop. Density in./km² Largest cities OGF relation
Pyingshum-Iki 12,113,000 11,703 1,030 Pyingshum, Kahyuemgúchi, Formajiá, Laófil border
Kyoélnain-iki 1,815,000 41,170 44 Busakyueng, Góhomi, Unzai, Makalasueng border
Cheryuman-iki 3,025,000 6,067 499 Kwaengdō, Tsuyenji, Zúkshi (Cheryuman h.) border
Degyáhin-iki 755,000 23,198 32.5 Toefyei, Kari border
Nainchok-iki 1,055,000 36,288 29.3 Toribiri, Chin-Jōrin, Shangmē border
Sappaér-iki 678,000 7,484 91 Geryong border
Fóskiman-iki 5,095,000 7,920 643.3 Finkyáse, Womenlū, Ántibes, Zúkshi (Fóskiman h.) border
Lainyerō-iki 3,105,000 104,755 30 Manlung, Oreppyo, Palda, Jippun, Kōnil border
Pacchipyan-iki 3,098,000 3,147 984 Jaka, Hetta, Ojufyeng border
Rō-iki 255,000 72.8 3,502.7 border
Wāfyeíkko-iki 2,575,000 13,740 187.4 Yoyomi, Wenzū, Arákkanai border
Chin'yaku-iki 2,080,000 16,947 122.7 Nároggul, Īme, Leshfyomi-sul, Tinglyū, Línai border
Gyoéng'guffe-iki 3,420,000 19,321 177 Kippa, Kimelíngsan-shu, Tamrong, Igilaē, Rajjihaim, Láoféi border

Infrastructure

Kojo is a highly developed and wealthy nation, which is expressed in the country's efficient and closely meshed transportation networks. A relatively high standard of living and tight inter-regional relations both economically and socially means that the Kojolese people are one of the most mobile societies in the developed world, going on a relatively large number of both business and leisure trips, domestic or abroad.

Especially compared to other developed nations, public modes of transportation play an important role in the everyday lives' of Kojo's inhabitants both for inter city and urban transportation. The reasons for this go back as far as the nation's first railway, are supported by the general human and geological geography, and are still reinforced in modern times by strict policy of internalising external effects.

National motorways

National motorways are called Gimbye Kōfogótsu (lit. Gimbye Highclass road, after the politician Maldo Gimbye who leaded the construction of the nation's first motorways) are numbered like "G 1", "G 4", "G 13" etc. They pose as the highest road class in Kojo and by stipulation are required to have a structural barrier separating the different directions from each other. The general speed limit is 140 km/h, although the recommended speed lays at 120 km/h and about half of the network is imposed with designated speed limits. On the map, motorways with two lanes per direction are shown in a dark orange, while sections with 3 or more lanes are shown in red.

Both types of motorways mentioned above are tolled, besides a small number of excluded (usually very short, stand-alone) sections. The table below gives a quick overview over the fees. The gross vehicle weight allowance determined the weight class. The toll can be paid at a large variety of places, such as government offices, rest places and many more. The driver then receives a badge which has to be put against a designated spot on the wind shield. When entering or exiting a highway, these are scanned from above. If a vehicle without a badge is detected, the highway patrol is informed and might chase the vehicle. Fines are very heavy, and also include penalties such as suspension of one's drivers' license. If a vehicle leaves a tolled motorway a short time after the badge exceeded it's time, but traffic on the roads were heavy, lenience is granted. Most regular drivers opt for the popular option for a permanent badge that is linked to an account, and the toll is charged automatically according to the most favourable rate. 1 Zubi = 0.0435 Int$, 1 Int$ = 23 Z

Weight Class
Time
bikes <2.8 t 2.8-3.5 t 3.5-7.5 t
2 h 20 35 45 135
1 day 35 60 80 240
10 days 100 160 220 660
2 months 375 620 850 2550
1 year 1350 2200 3000 9000

Trucks of more than 7.5 tonnes pay a special toll, with a system reliant on automatic GPS collection. The toll per km can vary between 3.2 to 9.5 Zubi/km, depending on the vehicle's weight class and emission standard.

In the two largest cities of Kojo, namely Pyingshum and Finkyáse, vehicles entering the inner city sections of the motorways (the inner ring G 1 and its arms reaching into the city centre in Pyingshum, and PH in Finkyáse) are required to pay an additional 2 h fee as a congestion surcharge.

Additionally to the tolls imposed on motorways, car keepers pay a regular motor vehicle tax, which is also determined by the amount of respirable dust emitted per km travelled. Fuel is also strongly taxed to reuce CO² emissions.

Dōdaeki Zóngtsūfogótsu (lit. Regional main through roads) are numbered like "D 1", "D 4", "D 13" etc. They are non-tolled, but on some sections appear motorway-like. They are shown as primary roads on the map, though not every primary road is a Dōdaeki Zóngtsūfogótsu (especially in urban areas). Although often developed with similar structures like motorways, these roads usually at most have 2 lanes for each direction, have slightly narrower lanes, and only some sections are equipped with a middle purlin. Also some intersections might involve at-grade crossings etc. The general speed limit is 120 km/h, but similar to the motorways local speeding restrictions apply frequently. This road class is often find on relations with large long-distance travel volume where the costs for building motorways however aren't justified, or where the section that is built to motorway standard is very short, like with bypass roads etc.

Railway Services

High-speed rail network: overview

Main Article: Kojo Hyengshō Sanan
Main Article: Public Transportation in Kojo
Inter-city rail in general is the most common mean of transportation for passengers in between cities in Kojo, with domestic air travel being traditionally weak. The country's railway network is very well developed, with both dense coverage as well as trunk routes dedicated to high-speed lines. For detailed information, see the main articles listed above.

Railway Infrastructure

Unlike the operation of railway services, the infrastructure is kept under state control by 100%.

Railway lines can be roughly divided into 3 categories: Dedicated High-Speed lines, main lines and branch lines.

  • Dedicated high-speed lines are solely used by IC and CC trains, and some freight trains at night. On some of those lines, IC trains can reach 320 km/h, other common speeds are 300 km/h, 280 km/h (for the oldest dedicated lines, running from Pyingshum via Leshfyomi-sul and Kippa to Jaka), or 250 km/h (from Busakyueng to Góhomi and between Kari and Toefyei). Those lines are equipped with continuous automatic train running, which means stationary signals are not needed and only found in some places as a back-up system. Information about speed and stopping distance are shown on the driver's cab display.
  • Main lines are regular railway lines which handle a large amount of passenger and/or freight traffic. Most are aligned for maximum speeds of 160 km/h (the upper limit for most KCP trains) or 200 km/h (for routes with many CC services). They are equipped with fixed signals on the side of the track, however on some outstandingly important sections balises enable a punctiform automatic train running. Main lines are always double-track.
  • Branch lines, often times only single-track, are less-frequented routes with top speeds of 120 km/h or less. Trains are always operated with regular signalling, and unlike main lines or high-speed lines, level crossings are a regular occurrence.

Airports and air traffic

(rough sketch)

Main Article: KojAir
Kojo's largest airport and hub for nearly all intercontinental flights is Pyingshum International Airport. There are 4 additional international airports, near Finkyáse, Jaka, Yoyomi and Kippa. The cities of Manlung, Womenlū, Oreppyo, Wenzū, Busakyueng, Kwaengdō, Toefyei and Toribiri feature regional airports that offer domestic flights and routes to some airports in neighbouring countries. The country's domestic airline KojAir currently is the only airline offering domestic connections in the country.

Airport stats
PAX (million) Flight mov. Runways Notes
PSM 67.2 440,000 5
FIN 13.8 126,000 2
JAK 10.1 104,000 2 (cross)
YYM 7.0 99,000 3 (1 cross) 2nd largest freight airport
KIP 5.8 71,000 1
MNL 1.0 21,000 1
ORP 0.3 5,000 1
WML 1.7 32,000 1
WNZ 3.1 63,000 1
BUS 2.6 49,000 1
KWD 3.8 72,000 1
TOF 0.7 17,000 1
TOR 1.1 34,000 1

In total, Kojolese airports serve 118.2 million passengers (departing and landing) and handle 1,133,000 aircraft movements a year.

In addition to those airports open to public airfare, there are a number of sport airfields, such as the Melfingsul Lózipō near Arákkanai,

Economy

Basic data

Kojo has a diversified market economy. It's main exports are services, manufactured goods, especially a comparatively small array of highly specialised high-tech niche products, as well as a number of high-value agricultural products.

The nation's nominal GDP amounted (in 2014) to a total of 33,607,500,000,000 Zubi (1,494,375,000,000 Int$)[Population TBD], or 896,200 Zubi (39,850 Int$) per capita.

The living standard across Kojo is relatively even, as well as the median income. Outliers to the top are the capital Pyingshum, Fóskiman-iki around Finkyáse with a very developed service industry and Pacchipyan-iki around the harbour city of Jaka. On the other end, the former industrial heart of the nation, Kippa, is still recovering from far-reaching structural change, and rural areas such as Lainyerō-iki and Degyáhin-iki can be found at the bottom of the table as well, simply because these regions lack large urban centres of over-regional significance.

The Pyingshum Stock Exchange is the country's main stock exchange.

The country's wealthiest family by far is the Dencho family, who all together hold 67% of shares of Dento, the nation's most highly valued company. The 7 current heirs occupy position 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 9 of the list of the top 10 richest people in Kojo.


Currency

The currency in Kojo is called "Zubi". There is no further subdivision of the Zubi into a smaller unit. The following tables show all denominations issued by the Kojolese Central Bank (Kojo Zóngshin-weibyaeng), whether it is a coin or a paper bill, what it portrays on the back and front and what these images are supposed to represent:

Value Form Front Back
1 Coin Only number for the value Small tree
2 Coin Only number for the value Small tree
5 Coin Only number for the value Small tree
10 Coin Number with Globe in the background, cosmopolitanism National coat of arms, patriotism
20 Coin Number with Globe in the background, cosmopolitanism National coat of arms, patriotism
50 Coin Number with Globe in the background, cosmopolitanism National coat of arms, patriotism
100 Bill Arc of Unity (Dyenféi Kō) in Pyingshum, unity Scene of Mountains in the background with a river meandering to the foreground, resembling the diversity in Kojo's landscapes (mountains, rivers, semi-desert, forest, farmland, coast)
200 Bill Kids in a Kindergarten, pupils in a classroom, students in a lecture, education Elderly resting in a garden, helping some adults with planting, being cared for, respect for the elderly
500 Bill Soldiers in a battlefield, war Wide landscape with villages scattered across; people come together to celebrate, peace
1,000 Bill Ancient cave drawings showing stone tools from the stone age, history Stylised scientific instruments, progress
5,000 Bill King Surb Rēkku, unifier of the country, with his wife "the vein princess" Chihaya Nabun'ga from Hoppon, Hopponese influence Map of Kojo, unity and sovereignty
10,000 Bill Symbolic group of people, standing for the people's uprising in 1834 and the democratic revolution, democracy The original copy of the constitution, with key words in large print, core values and constitutionality

The current exchanges rates as of September 2016 are: 1 Zubi = 0.0435 Int$, 1 Int$ = 23 Z

Electricity and energy consumption

Final Energy Consumption

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Kojo energy 7.PNG
Kojo energy 8.PNG
Final energy consumption by medium per year
Medium Total [PJ] Rel. Per capita
Electricity (all sources) 1144,22 34,7%
Coal (non-electric) 130,58 4,0%
Gas (non-electric) 705,54 21,4%
Oil (non-electric) 637,15 19,3%
Renewable (non-electric) 311,94 9,5%
Long-distance heating 349,22 10,6%
Sum 3300 100,0% 82,5 GJ
Final energy consumption by source per year
Category Subcategory Abs. Rel.
Renewable Biomass/-fuel 245,65 7,6%
Hydroelectric 39,87 1,2%
Solar 191,09 5,9%
Geothermal 98,55 3,0%
Wind 331,56 10,2%
Nuclear - 183,08 5,6%
Fossil Coal 331,96 10,2%
Gas 827,98 25,5%
Oil 650,88 20,0%
Long-distance heating - 349,22 10,7%
Sum 3300,00 100%
Final energy consumption by sector per year
Sector Abs. [PJ] Rel.
Industry 1168,20 35,4%
Household 693,00 21,0%
Commerce&Services 762,30 23,1%
Transportation 676,50 20,5%
Sum 3300,00 100%
FEC of Industry by medium per year
Sector Abs. [PJ] Rel.
Electricity (all sources) 438,08 37,5%
Coal (non-electric) 128,50 11,0%
Gas (non-electric) 389,01 33,3%
Oil (non-electric) 17,52 1,5%
Renewable (non-electric) 67,76 5,8%
Long-distance heating 103,97 8,9%
Sum 1168,20 100%
FEC of Households by medium per year
Sector Abs. [PJ] Rel.
Electricity (all sources) 205,13 29,6%
Coal (non-electric) 2,08 0,3%
Gas (non-electric) 160,78 23,2%
Oil (non-electric) 90,78 13,1%
Renewable (non-electric) 125,43 18,1%
Long-distance heating 108,80 15,7%
Sum 693,00 100%
FEC of Commerce&Services by medium per year
Sector Abs. [PJ] Rel.
Electricity (all sources) 304,16 39,9%
Coal (non-electric) 0,00 0,0%
Gas (non-electric) 151,70 19,9%
Oil (non-electric) 100,62 13,2%
Renewable (non-electric) 69,37 9,1%
Long-distance heating 136,45 17,9%
Sum 762,30 100%
FEC of Transportation by medium per year
Sector Abs. [PJ] Rel.
Electricity (all sources) 196,86 29,1%
Coal (non-electric) 0,00 0,0%
Gas (non-electric) 4,06 0,6%
Oil (non-electric) 428,22 63,3%
Renewable (non-electric) 49,38 7,3%
Sum 676,5 100%
Electricity Production by source per year
Category Subcategory Abs. [PJ/a] Rel.
Renewable Biomass 93,83 8,2%
Hydroelectric 26,32 2,3%
Solar 191,09 16,7%
Geothermal 1,14 0,1%
Wind 311,23 27,2%
Nuclear Nuclear 183,08 16,0%
Fossil Coal 201,38 17,6%
Gas 122,43 10,7%
Oil 13,73 1,2%
Sum 1144,22 100,0%

Power Plants (Electricity)

List of all offshore wind parks and all onshore wind parks over 50 MW installed power:

Name Installed Power (MW) N. of Turbines Off/Onshore
PH 1700 221 Offshore
PH 1520 196 Offshore
PH 1360 169 Offshore
PH 1350 178 Offshore
PH 880 126 Offshore
PH 880 126 Offshore
PH 620 86 Offshore
PH 570 79 Offshore
PH 490 70 Offshore
PH 400 59 Offshore
PH 400 63 Offshore
PH 390 55 Offshore
PH 340 56 Offshore
PH 330 54 Offshore
PH 330 54 Offshore
PH 330 61 Offshore
PH 320 52 Offshore
PH 300 50 Offshore
PH 290 51 Offshore
PH 280 46 Offshore
PH 280 40 Offshore
PH 270 42 Offshore
PH 270 41 Offshore
PH 210 38 Offshore
PH 190 38 Offshore
PH 180 37 Offshore
PH 170 31 Offshore
PH 150 40 Offshore
PH 150 35 Offshore
PH 120 26 Offshore
PH 90 40 Offshore
PH 90 29 Offshore
PH 50 28 Offshore
PH 45 15 Offshore
PH 30 10 Offshore
PH 210 62 Onshore
PH 200 101 Onshore
PH 160 52 Onshore
PH 120 71 Onshore
PH 110 52 Onshore
PH 100 60 Onshore
PH 90 34 Onshore
PH 90 68 Onshore
PH 80 33 Onshore
PH 80 62 Onshore
PH 80 30 Onshore
PH 70 68 Onshore
PH 70 56 Onshore
PH 70 41 Onshore
PH 70 50 Onshore
PH 70 29 Onshore
PH 60 39 Onshore
PH 60 28 Onshore
PH 60 26 Onshore
PH 60 26 Onshore
PH 60 26 Onshore
PH 60 59 Onshore
PH 50 20 Onshore
PH 50 42 Onshore
PH 50 37 Onshore
PH 50 32 Onshore
PH 50 19 Onshore
PH 50 18 Onshore
PH 50 52 Onshore
<50 MW 19746 - Onshore

List of all coal power plants:

Name Installed Power (MW)
PH 1080
PH 960
PH1a 880
PH1b 880
PH 850
PH4b 800
PH 760
PH2a 750
PH 710
PH4a 700
PH 680
PH 630
PH 610
PH 600
PH 520
PH 520
PH2b 500
PH2c 500
PH 480
PH 450
PH 410
PH 360
PH 350
PH3a 350
PH3b 350
PH 340
PH 300
PH 260
PH 220
PH 110
PH 50
PH 50
PH 40

List of all nuclear power plants:

Name Installed Power (MW)
PH1a 1410
PH1b 1410
PH 1250
PH3a 1200
PH 1130
PH2b 1100
PH3b 1100
PH2a 1100

List of all gas power plants over 100 MW installed Power:

Name Installed Power (MW)
PH 1030
PH 960
PH 890
PH 840
PH 590
PH 590
PH 560
PH 500
PH 440
PH 440
PH 430
PH 430
PH 420
PH 420
PH 410
PH 410
PH 400
PH 360
PH 360
PH 350
PH 340
PH 290
PH 230
PH 200
PH 160
PH 160
PH 140
PH 140
PH 140
PH 120
PH 120
PH 120
PH 120
PH 110
PH 110
PH 100
<100 MW 1700

List of all oil power plants over 100 MW installed Power:

Name Installed Power (MW)
PH 360
PH 280
PH 280
PH 160
PH 120
<100 MW 230

Research

There are three main pillars for research and development conducted in Kojo; Universities, large companies and publicly and privately funded research institutions.

At Universities, research is being conducted in the form of papers written by students to attain a degree, doctor theses, research projects, collaborations with private enterprises etc. The BMS University Ranking endorses outstanding research clusters associated with specific universities.

Most large technology companies (like Dento, Joendai, PH etc.) also operate private research and development subdivisions, aiming more at applied science than basic research, to improve their products and efficiency. Especially when dealing with highly sensitive matters that are at high risk of being divulged to competitors, the research of often exclusively conducted in-house and kept secret until patents are secured.

Then there are a number of private research institutions, which are usually specialised on certain fields of expertise. They usually cooperate with companies, universities or apply for tenders announced by the government. Besides a small number of unaffiliated or loosely cooperating research institutions, many belong to one of Kojo's three big science associations:

  • Gaminchāsal-Ríkinassol, xx institutes mostly focused on applied science, such as manufacturing, pharmaceutical, computer science and more. ~30% publicly funded
    • Arákkanai: Sumaron Han'gara nijúinde Gaminchāsalkaso (Gaminchasal Institute for underwater technology)
  • Todei-Fússan-Ríkinwúhakkai, xx institutes mostly focused on basic science such as particle physics, space travel, mathematics and more. Emerged out of the consolidation of the PH and PH. ~70% publicly funded
  • Gaeryong-Wúhakkai, xx institutes mostly focused on topics regarding the humanities. Named after an Historian, not after the city Geryong. ~78% publicly funded

Education

Schooling career

Kojo edu.png

Kojo offers free education to all of its citizens. Visiting a school is mandatory up to the age of 16. Most parents (~85%) send their 3-6 year-olds to public Kindergarten. From the age of 5 1/2 to 6 1/2, children enter Káurēbi (Primary school). Primary school lasts 5 years. From grade 6 to 9 (4 more years) the pupils then visit Midirēbi (Middle School). After Middle school, the around 15 year old students decide whether they want to enter Zukkyamlu (Vocational School) or continue to Shōminagara (similar to High school), if they have an adequate grade average in year 8 and 9 and the final exams.

At a vocational school, students are introduced to job life while still visiting school on a half-day basis. Depending on the chosen training, they leave the Zukkyamlu after 3 to 4 years and enter the work force. Students who choose to attend Shōminagara pass through another 3 years of education, before they choose whether they now want to leave school and enter the work force with the option of visiting a limited number of subjects at university later on after a few years of job experience, or remain in school for 1 last years (grade 13). After finishing that last years and passing the end of the year exam in year 13, students are allowed to every single subject universities offer, sometimes though limited by a certain average-grade threshold for very popular or demanding subjects. This score is calculated by weighting the results of year 12 at 1/4, the results of year 13 at 1/3 and the results of the final exam at 5/12.

Students who went to Zukkyamlu are not banned from university however. Especially in recent years it became more and more common to visit evening schools which allow Zukkyamlu graduates to enroll in university programmes fitting their practical training and job life.

Higher education

Public universities (Ōnagara) are generally tuition free. About 5% of students study at private universities which charge tutions, however their degrees are usually slightly less sought-after than degrees from public universities. Besides normal public and private universities, there are also a handful of special institutions under direct control of the government with special tasks, such as the Kōkumin Ekól, the School of Higher Administration, or the Ginken Sobul, the Institute for Free Research.

Most subjects of study are either offered on a X (Bachelor, usually 3 years) and X (Masters, an additional 2 years) basis, or in some cases are only offered as a straight 5 years programme resulting in the title X (Diploma). Students studying towards their first X are classified as Undergraduates, students studying towards their first X are referred to as Graduates, and researchers with a X degree working towards a doctorate or similar are identified as Post-Graduates.

The most prestigious national university ranking is the BMS University Ranking, which ranks universities in specific fields of study as well as endorsing outstanding research clusters. Currently only public universities are included in that ranking.

The following list contains all public institutions of tertiary education in Kojo:

City Name Location Date Students Undergrads Grads Doctoral Faculties General Notes
Pyingshum Ginjin Ōnagara Various Campi in Pyinghshum 1677/1837/1894 256,900 139,100 98,500 19,100 7 Largest Kojolese university
Kippa Kippa Ōnagara (Node TBA) Former Musical College 1959 39,900 26,700 12,400 800
Kippa Kime Gigyōnagara (Node TBA) Revitalised harbour area in the Old Northern Harbour 1976 38,600 22,100 13,400 3,100
Jaka Chuso Azugáki-Folajji North of New Town 1786 27,050 14,100 10,950 2,000 4 Very autochthonous uni with 4 competing houses, focused on sport
Jaka Tampo-Joelgue Ōnagara New town north of main station 1806 15,650 12,050 3,450 250
Rō Tōchuekyana Ōnagara
Yoyomi Yoyomi Ōnagara 1888 34,000
Yoyomi Yoyomi Gigyōnagara 1935 22,000
Pyingshum Maeltsu Ōnagara 1962 9,800
Pyingshum Forsamé so Ōnagara - Pyingshum 1971 2,100 One of two universities of the armed forces. Spread over two campi, Kókōburyu and Kanfel.
Jaka Forsamé so Ōnagara - Jaka 1942 1,300 One of two universities of the armed forces.
Pyingshum Kōkumin Ekól Building in the heart of Daiamondoshi-Pang 1850 ~150 Elite school for the administration
Pyingshum Ginken Sobul Building in the heart of Daiamondoshi-Pang 1710/1877 N.A. Special elite institution for post-doctoral research with no teaching responsibilities.
Graduates from tertiary education by field of study
Field Number of students % of students
social/business sc., law, economics 30.1
health & soc. services 18.8
engineering, manufacturing & construction 18.2
arts and humanities 12.0
nat. sciences, math &IT 11.5
teacher-training 9.3

Foreign Languages

Students are playfully introduced to a first foreign language from 3rd to 5th grade in Káurēbi (Primary school), usually Ingerish and sometimes Ataraxian. From grade 6 to 9 the pupils then visit Midirēbi (Middle School) where they continue their foreign language from primary school and also choose a second foreign language; either Ingerish or Ataraxian (mandatory to be offered at every middle school) or one of the other 11 official languages offered at middle school, of which every school must offer at least 2.

Students going to a Zukkyamlu for vocational training can take language courses depending on their field of training, usually with a stronger focus on in-job application. At Shōminagara the amount of language classes a student takes varies between 1 and 3 depending on the course of study.

Some private and especially international schools form exceptions.

Diplomatic Relations

Kojo maintains diplomatic relations with many partner countries and international organisations. The following table lists all diplomatic missions in Kojo:

automatic table from external data
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Foreign embassies and consulates in Pyingshum
Nation Ambassador Address and location Notes Map
{{Pretany}} - Péng'yo-kesha X, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Ataraxia}} - Rue d'Ataraxie 1, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo Largest embassy in Kojo OGFmapicon.png map
{{Draco}} - Hiki-michi 18, Gankakuchō-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Samiloor}} Bernardo Domepossemet Kuwilmárū-michi 7, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Ardisphere}} Mercurio Ma Mējiki-daitō X, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo Ardispherian diplomatic registry E-022 OGFmapicon.png map
{{Wiwaxia}} Alicia Ribband Hōrōken-tásu-sol X, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo Features an comparatively extensive garden OGFmapicon.png map
{{Řots}} Ms Bīveřpi Tontet Ōka Sandō-michi 19, Ōnagara-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Neo Delta}} - Ginja-tsu 3, Senjahi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Jefferson}} James Burbank Freedom-Road 76, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Cariocas}} - Fushaelmyung 3, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Neberly}} - Sátarditué-daitō X, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Østermark}} Jonas Halldén Jugyaru-sol X, Kami so Kuruchi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Latina}} - Dorejji-michi 1, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Montran}} Hugh Trotter Fyaengzu-taryou-michi 7, Gankakuchō-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Khaiwoon}} - Igyoen-Yáyajol-michi 6, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo To enter side street as a non-resident one must hold a Khaiwoonese passport; "Excellence in Relaxation" hotel caters only to those individuals. OGFmapicon.png map
Hoppon - Mēonra Nobun'ga Kamul Gúwan 3, Kūtokkyaen-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo Next to the first permanent bridge in Pyingshum, Mēonra Nabun'ga Kamul from 1668. Official diplomatic representation of Hoppon to Kojo since "The vein princess" Nobun'ga from Hoppon married into the Pyilser Dynasty in 1622, current building from 1668. OGFmapicon.png map
{{Aorangëa}} - Aóran'gaē-toku 10, Lí-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Mergany}} - Rerefuewang-kesha X, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Balam-Utz}} - Balam-Utz-michi X, Gankakuchō-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Tárrases}} Bernardo Domepossemet Shoséndael-Mangu-michi 7, Gankakuchō-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo Consulate only OGFmapicon.png map
{{Belphenia}} - Rerefuewang-kesha X, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Antharia}} - Palman-Sogaéz-joenmi 2, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Mauretia}} Algo. Uresmo Bekarolniyet Rue d'Ataraxie X, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Broceliande}} Pierre Bellières Rue d'Ataraxie X, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo Broceliande Culture Institute next door OGFmapicon.png map
{{Teberia}} - Fin'gya-mael X, Gankakuchō-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo Situated in a former countryside summer residence OGFmapicon.png map
{{Drabantia}} - Mējiki-daitō X, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Vodeo}} - Mējiki-daitō X, Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Federal States of Archanta}} - Lí-kesha X, Lí-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map
{{Al-Kaza}} - 1984 so Ōkurā-michi 3, Gankakuchō-Pang, Pyingshum 1001, Kojo - OGFmapicon.png map


The following table lists all of Kojo's diplomatic missions abroad:

Country/Organisation Ambassador Address Notes
Luciano Flag FA.png Ardisphere Shí Ungman'gyal (m) Calle Virgilio Morris No 10002, Barrio Darío Toledano, Delegación VII, Villa Constitución, DF Ardispherian diplomatic registry VC-020
Flag-Ataraxia-v1.png Ataraxia Soru Kyendau X
Lost country.png Řots Lu Máolyeng Irtosuřē Kassā 19, Nekkar 20214, Řots
Flag-of-Delta.PNG Neo Delta Lang Lan (m) 2 Kaddib Avenue, Malojdeh City Center
Wiwaxia Flag.jpg Wiwaxia Byeaffu Chū (m) Silk Hill Road 88, Wiwaxmouthe, Wiwaxia
Flsg.jpg Pretany/Assembly of Nations Araeng Zō-Tilman Location
SamiloorFlag110815.png Samiloor Zúta-George Jaesum (m) Location
Flag itc1.png Cariocas Bichi Tol-mam (f) Location
Karolia flag.png Karolia Yōsuke Choelsin (m) Maasriiäs Őt X, Säntjana
Ostermark Flag.jpg Østermark Yin Yuzu (f) Grønholmsvægen 234, Mynninghamn
Latflag.png Latina Kole Suzumyume (m) 80, Calle Larth Porsenna, Latina Cidudad
Montran Flag.jpg Nordmark Nām-daeréng Yocchi (m) Welch Avenue X, Anderton
Khaiwoon flag.png Khaiwoon Fyuengli De Jen'na-Madám (f) Ambassadors Blvd. X, Khaiwoon Occupies a block in front of the metro station 4.5 - Diplomatic Quarter together with the Kojolese Cultural Institute and the Kojolese industrial, business and trade association (Khaiwoonese branch office).
Hoppon Gyoecchi San-myuegel (m) Embassy Row X, Arabahika Place Holder
Aorangëa flag.svg Aorangēa Sabine Trempel (f) Embassy Loop X, Governemnt Territories, Capital Territory
Balam utz flag.png Balam-Utz Honken Danzoeri (m) Olaconia X, Internacional, Motul
TarrasesFlagforMini.png Tárrases Igyol-Taérahing Mansol (m) Calle Luna 41, Ttomymor, Viejo Tárrases Consulate
Drabantia flag.png Drabantia Ashíshi Meimaeng (m) Vězeňská 5, Staré Město, Odrava
Drapeaubro.png Broceliande Rokaimon Sommer (m) 13 place Brantôme 01007, Valoris Cultural Institute at cours de Sansévérina
Kazari flag.png Al-Kaza Milya Sokkum (f) XX PH Postal Code, Canan

Kojo is a member of the Eastern Ulethan Organisation of Independent Allies (EUOIA).

Military

Military expenditure accounts for 1.6% of the country's GDP. It includes the army (Bánakin), the air force (Óduekin) and the navy (Paushil). Other subdivisions and associated Agencies include the medical service, the military counter-intelligence service (Fanglyué-Jōto so Kyanfā, "FJK"), a cyber unit, strategical planning offices and more. The entirety of the armed forces are called "Kojo so Forsamé".

In Kojolese, Bánakin means both army and barracks. About 35,000 soldiers serve in the army, and are stationed at one of 30 bases (called Kázen), not including small non-military offices for administrative purposes. The soldiers are organised in 52 squadrons called Zóngkai, and only larger bases house more than one of them.

The Óduekin (air force) employs around 15,000 soldiers, organized in four tactical units, two transport units (with the one stationed in Pyingshum also having a sub-unit dedicated to government flights), two helicopter units, two ground-based air defence units and two training units. Those squadrons are called pyoéton, and nearly always stationed on bases adjacent to otherwise civilian airports.

The 8,000 soldiers serving in the Paushil (marine) secure Kojolese territorial waters and borders against military attacks (the custom office has a naval base in Jaka, and the sea-adjacent Ikis are responsible for sea rescue operations on their shores; the marine only intervenes in those duties when on sight) and also (like the army and air force) take part in missions abroad, both tactically and as transport units. Marine bases are called Pautang (an otherwise archaic word for harbour), and there are three of them in Kojo: Zúkshi (Cheryuman h.), Arákkanai and PH near Zúkshi (Fóskiman h.).

Culture

Language

Main article: Kojoshi
The national language is Kojolese, or Kojoshi in its own wording. Emerging from a large number of different varieties of Kimo-Axian languages after Kojolese Unification in the late 17th century, it is mostly seen as the successor of ancient Pyilser(Պյիլսըռ in ancient Pyilser, the language spoken around today's Pyingshum), but came under massive Hopponese influence when Chihaya Nabunga "The Vain" married into the Pyilser-krun'a dynasty. Until the early 18th century Kojolese was written using a mix of a native Kojolese alphabet together with Meilanese characters imported fro Hoppon and Tangappei. In 1701 Surb Kyiffae ordered to drop the traditional way of writing Kojolese in favour of adopting a writing system based on Romantian letters, which are still used today.

Basically every Kojolese citizen speaks Kojolese fluently and as their first language, and only 1.5% of the country's residents are not considered fluent (C1 or above), most of whom are expats only living in the country temporarily. As a result, all types of media, business and government business is dealt with in Kojolese. There are no regional languages, but a range of distinct dialects. In the west, namely Sappaér-iki, Ataraxian can be considered a small minority language in some rural communities near the border.

Since Kojoshi is not a major language of world-commerce, and rarely taught outside of neighbouring countries at all, Kojo's economy relies on a workforce educated in foreign languages. This, as well as immigration throughout the 20th century and since, has led to 79% of the population claiming to be able to hold a conversation in a language excluding their mother tongue, and 37% claim to be able to do so in at least two languages.

Family structures and last names

Further information: Harsanīgi ("(Family) Marriage")
Traditional family structures in Kojo differ from more Christic-influenced cultures in a number of ways. This is reflected both in traditional Symvanist rites as well as the modern legal framwork:

Man and woman with their children traditionally form the nuclei family in the Symvanist faith, however the institution of "marriage" (Harsanīgi) is reserved for parents and their children. As a pre-stage, comparable to an engagement, there is the optional "Umkyol", in which a couple promises each other to form a Harsanīgi once the first child is born. Once a new Harsanīgi is formed, the couple decides on a new last name for them and their children; last names therefore are not inherited, and are called nálnūm (literally "chosen name"). In the traditional system, children stay in their parents' Harsanīgi until they themselves found a new family. In modern times it became established practice however to celebrate the (often times very emotional) "parting" when the child moves out.

While these traditional concepts are reflected in the modern legal code, the issue of marriage and family is handled in a slightly modified way. Any two people (above the age of 18) may "marry" and form an "Umkyol" legally recognised by the state. The religious ceremony is of no interest to the state, and is carried out by the respective couples as they please. In a legal sense, the spouses now form a communal household, which goes with a number of legal benefits and liabilities; on one hand, the couple's income is assumed to to be evenly spread amongst them, usually resulting in lower tax brackets (especially when one spouse earns considerably more than the other). Other legal rights that go with being married include visitation rights in hospitals or prisons, matters of conscience when one spouse is unable to respond (such as organ donations or life prolonging measurements), inheritance law and many more.

On the other hand, the communal household is also seen as the foremost provider of social security, and sometimes acts as one recipient to the government. Unemployment benefits, nursing allowances etc. can be vastly reduced if the other partner is above certain income thresholds, spouses are usually assumed to vouch for each other and can rarely default on their debts individually etc.

Children born out of wedlock are explicitly granted the same rights as other children by the constitution and family law. In legal terms, only the spouses are part of the Umkyol (which doesn't change its name in legal matters after children are born), and their children are simply their children. Children up to the age of 18 are taken into account as full household members and therefore usually reduce the tax bracket once more. Low income families might receive additional benefits.

Once a married couple bears its first child, they are allowed to choose a new family name for themselves and their child(ren). As a result, Kojo today has one of the most diverse range of last names, as couples can choose traditional or religiously meaningful names as well as neologisms. The choice of the "chosen name" is regarded as one of the most important step stones in live, and is often seen as very telling in regards to the choosing couples character. Despite the overall non-religiousness of the Kojolese people, the ceremonial foundation of a Harsanīgi and the proclamation of a new last name is one of the traditional rites that has retained a high degree of practice and prestige, often equally important to the more formal Umkyol ceremony.

Like many developed countries, Kojo experienced a decline in the importance of family structures during the course of the 20th century, with an increase of patchwork families and single parents as well as homosexual couples and other non-traditional forms of family.

Preservation

Buildings Objects Intangible Landscapes Description
AN Taē so Zaráng
AN World heritage
Assigned by the AN. Every world heritage is also a national treasure etc.
Azaggudaeki Gántsu
National Treasure
Azaggudaeki Tsungbondaeki Kuttuem
National Cultural Custom
Azaggudaeki Shárukanyaelorau Ferapū/Tasha
National Protected Reservate/Landscape
Assigned by Parliament and Government, implies unconditional efforts for preservation.
Émino Tsungbondaeki Gukyaei
Outstanding Cultural Property
Assigned by Parliament and Government, implies high national efforts for preservation
Zóngmo Tsungbondaeki Gukyaei
Important Cultural Property
Maecchaē Tsungbondaeki Kuttuem
Great Cultural Custom
Dōdaeki Shárukanyaelorau Ferapū/Tasha
Regional Protected Reservate/Landscape
Assigned by above and/or regional administrations, implies (limited) public efforts for preservation
Genji Tsungbondaeki Gukyaei
Local Cultural Property
Assigned by above and/or cities; local subsidies might be granted to private owners, but mostly restrictive measures against alteration or demolition.
  • List of National Treasures and Cultural Properties:
  • List of Protected Reservates:
    • Kime Daelta Bōhoguyam - Azaggudaeki Shárukanyaelorau Ferapū (Jaka)
    • Joenji Kaezī - Azaggudaeki Shárukanyaelorau Ferapū
    • Kime Lawazaē - Dōdaeki Shárukanyaelorau Ferapū (Jaka)
    • Palandashae Tsungkuttuemchi - Dōdaeki Shárukanyaelorau Tasha (Kwaengdō)
  • List of Protected Landscapes:
  • List of Protected Cultural Customs:

Food

Vaguely defined food regions in Kojo

Cuisine varies widely between the different regions, and is influenced by the local climate, coasts, and neighbouring countries. These regions are only vague guidelines, and represent general cultural regions in Kojo. Pyingshum and its surrounding are in a special position, as the capital has drawn immigrants from the rest of the country since centuries.

As a general characteristic of Kojolese eating culture, the Kojolese are very specific about their breakfast, especially on the weekends when people don't have to work. On these days off, it is custom to prepare a late but opulent breakfast (similar to a brunch, but with a different choice of food items), which is taken in with friends or family and can last very long. Lunch then is usually skipped, and an equally grand Dinner late in the evening closes the day.

The cultural influence from Hoppon in the 17th century established rice as a common side dish in Kojolese cuisine. Being an exclusively imported good from Hoppon and other countries where paddy field cultivation was possible, all kinds of rice dishes were usually only found on the tables of the rich and noble. To imitate that fashionable food, Kojolese farmers got creative and began to make a "fake" rice out of dried wheat stodge, which became known as Brown Rice. As trade and irrigation methods became easier during the industrial revolution around the turn of the 19th century, rice became increasingly popular amongst the working class as well, however it hasn't replaced the Brown Rice in its popularity, which remains to be known as a traditional, typical Kojolese food ingredient.

Television

Television is widely spread in Kojo as a medium of entertainment and information. There are two public and a large number of private broadcasters, many of whom broadcast on more than one channel.

The country's largest broadcaster, KT1 (Kojo so Telébizyon ara, "Kojolese television one"), is a private media conglomerate that dates back to 1942, making its main channel the second oldest TV channel in the country and the oldest still in operation. The company's various channels generate a combined 26% of all viewership in Kojolese TV. Its headquarters are situated in Gaerié so-Pang, Pyingshum. Its channels cover a broad range of topics, from light entertainment to high culture and political news.

The second largest broadcaster, YKT (Yaére Kojo so Telébizyon, "Second Kojolese television") was founded in 1961. It was believed that two independently organized public broadcasting companies were needed to ensure unbiased news overage and reciprocal control. The viewership share is estimated to be 23%. The broadcaster's headquarter is situated in Ojufyeng, and also keeps a studio for coverage from the capitol in Gankakuchō-Pang, Pyingshum.

BKCH (Byoenbi Kojo so Chúngko, "General Kojo radio communication"), is the nations third largest media outlet, accounting for 22% of viewer share in the television market. However BKCH also provides public radio stations, both national and local, as well as Kojo's international radio station KR1. BKCH's radio channels account for around two thirds of national listenership. BKCH was founded by the government in 1947 and constituted the second TV channel available in the country and the first public one.
The broadcasting agency keeps a studio inside the Humenyamin Chezi complex in Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum, next to the ministry of interior and with the main studio looking out onto the Jōbunhakke. The agency's main administration however is seated in the inner part of Yoyomi, with the largest recording facility situated in the suburb of [[]].

Other large outlets (all private) include, in descending order of viewer share: {...}

Festivals

Kojo features a wide range of both local and nation-wide festivals. Ranging from ancient processions to venerate saints and goddesses, over national holidays of historical significance such as the storm on the palace which marks the begin of the democratic revolution from 1834, to modern open-air pop-music events that became set days in every fans's schedule, those gatherings form an important anchor in the yearly calendar.

  • Kwang'gang This type of carnival takes place in Yoyomi, in the second week of April, and is characterised by costuming and parades through the city centre.
  • amha pitōn a yearly gathering of mostly alternative and artisty folks, usually on a large open field or grass plain somewhere in the countryside. About 6 days of intense partying and radical self-expression.
  • ...
Members of the Eastern Ulethan Organisation of Independent Allies (EUOIA)
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Esthyra flag.svg Esthyra · Glaster Flag.png Glaster · Karolia flag.png Karolia · Kojo temporary flag.png Kojo · Mergany Flag.png Mergany · OrinocoFlag01 111614.png Orinoco · Reeland flag.svg Reeland

Saikyel flag.png Sãikyel · TeberiaFlag.png Teberia · Viljanni Flag.png Viljanni · Wiwaxia Flag.jpg Wiwaxia · Flagwyster.png Wyster · Ostermark Flag.jpg Østermark

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Members of the Ulethan Alliance for Culture (UAC)
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