Lake City International Airport

From OpenGeofiction Encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search


Z13, -41.5632 °S, 141.2957 °E
Lake City International Airport

Loading map...

Basic information
Country Flag of the FSA.svg Federal States
City Lake City, MN
Began operation 1963
WAAT LCX
ANACA BALC
Time zone +9
Elevation AMSL 212 m
Statistics
Passengers TBD
Aircraft operations TBD
Runways
Direction Length
18L/36R 4000 m
18R/36L 3250 m (+1000 m)
5L/23R 3500 m
5C/23C 2290 m
5R/23L 2290 m
6L/24R 3500 m
6R/24L 3000 m
Helipads
Number Length
H1 100 m
Transport
Highways Airport Freeway (SR 900)
Metro lines LCTA Blue Line
LCTA Orange Line (via LCX Monorail)
Communication

Lake City International Airport (WAAT: LCX, ANACA: BALC) is the primary airport of Lake City in the state of Minnonigan. Known locally simply as LCX, Lake City International Airport is a major international hub for the southwestern Federal States. With seven runways and nearly 200 designated gates, Lake City is one of the highest-capacity airports in the world.

History

Lake City International Airport was first planned in 1952 to relieve overcrowding at the older, smaller Gunnison Airport on Lake City's northeast side. With little room to expand and growing noise concerns from affluent neighborhoods near Independence Park, the city chose to construct a new airport on the far western edge of the city rather than invest in further upgrades to Gunnison. The airport opened in 1963 with only what's now Terminal 3 and Runway 6L/24R completed.

The airport grew rapidly as Federal Airlines and Southern Airlines both made LCX a major hub in their networks: what is now Terminal 1 opened in 1964 (and would be largely demolished and rebuilt in 1992); additional concourses opened along with a parallel runway and cargo facilities in 1977. Runway 18/36 (now 18L/36R) opened in 1982, with Concourses P, Q, and R opening shortly thereafter as Federal Airlines' new Terminal 5 hub. In 1988, crosswind runway 13/31 opened after local concerns about noise in Meridian City and the Lakeview neighborhood of Lake City.

In 1993, the Lake City Aviation Authority announced the planned closure of Gunnison International Airport by the year 2000. In preparation for Gunnison’s closing, a massive Terminal Core expansion project was planned as well as a new Runway 18R/36L. This new runway expansion was easily the most challenging LCX expansion to date, requiring extensive condemnation proceedings for over 30% of Meridian City, most of which was residential. A modernized Terminal 1 -- which required the destruction of most of Terminal 2 -- opened as scheduled in 1995; however, due to legal challenges, Runway 18R/36L would not open until 2008. With the success of SkyRide Airlines at Gunnison Airport while the 18R/36L legal challenges were playing out, the LCAA reversed itself and voted to keep Gunnison Airport open.

In 2014, the terminal core was extensively remodeled and restructured. As part of the restructuring, a “global terminal” concept was unveiled for Terminal 3. A new Concourse H was constructed in a "satellite" style with 36 gates, with all international arrivals using these gates regardless of airlines (except for Federal Airlines and Southern Airlines, which continued to use their hub terminals). Passengers are then able to clear Customs without leaving the secured area, allowing for faster, easier connections to domestic flights. The 2014 restructuring also added gates in each terminal that can accommodate dual-jetway operations for the world’s largest jets.

An 11-gate expansion to the International Concourse in a new Concourse K satellite is currently under construction.

Vision 2020

In 2004, the state government of Minnonigan and the Lake City Aviation Authority announced the LCX Vision 2020 plan, an ambitious plan to detangle LCX's runways to greatly increase airfield capacity. Previously, LCX could use no more than four runways simultaneously, only under certain wind conditions, and with Runways 06R/24L and 13/31 below capacity to avoid potential conflicts. During some weather events, LCX could only operate safely on two runways. The Vision 2020 plan dramatically improves operations during inclement weather by adding three runways parallel to the 06/24 pair, allowing seven active runways during favorable conditions and no less than four runways even during inclement weather. Vision 2020 also included a western passenger terminal connected to the Terminal Core via an underground Airside Transit System (ATS) to allow travelers from southwestern Minnonigan to park, ticket, check bags, and clear security without needing to enter the Terminal Core through the congested Balmoral corridor. The western terminal also opened up new areas of Jasper County to commercial development.

Runways

Runway operations at LCX.
LCX utilizes five primary flight operation schemes based on winds and weather conditions. East VFR and West VFR both utilize all seven runways; IFR operations during bad weather still allow the use of up to four runways simultaneously. LCX also participates in a nighttime noise abatement program, where all incoming aircraft between 11:00pm and 6:00am utilize Runway 36R (to force approaches over Lake Sauganash) with Runway 5L/23R utilized for takeoffs depending on wind direction.

LCX has seven runways, which makes the airport one of the largest in the world. The seven runways are situated such that all seven can be used concurrently during good weather, with up to five runways available concurrently during inclement weather. Five runways are oriented parallel to each other on an ENE/WSW axis, with two crosswind north-south runways available for takeoffs and landings over Lake Sauganash. Recent improvements to the airfield have included several strategic runway shortenings to reduce conflicts and improve safety and efficiency.

Generally air traffic operates on "West Flow" (65%) or "East Flow" (35%) based on prevailing wind patterns. Both patterns allow for unrestricted takeoff operations on the 4000-meter Runway 18L/36R, with special accommodations available for 4250-meter wide-body operations on 18R/36L if needed.

LCX Runways
Name Length (m) Length (ft) West VFR West IFR East VFR East IFR Notes
5L 3,500 12,000 closed closed Landings Landings During West Flow VFR operations, Runway 23R can be used for either takeoffs or landings, as needed based on demand.
23R Variable Arrivals closed closed
5C 2,290 7,500 closed closed Arrivals closed Recently truncated to avoid potential conflicts with 18L/36R.
23C Departures Departures closed closed
5R 2,290 7,500 closed closed Departures Departures Recently truncated to avoid potential conflicts with 18L/36R.
23L Arrivals Arrivals closed closed
6L 3,500 11,500 closed closed Departures Departures
24R Arrivals Arrivals closed closed
6R 3,000 9,900 closed closed Departures closed
23L Arrivals closed closed closed
18L 4,000 13,500 Departures Departures closed closed Longest runway in regular service. Runway 36R used for overnight arrivals.
36R closed closed Departures Departures
18R 3,250 10,500 Departures closed closed closed Runway 18R begins at Taxiway H2. See below for 18X/36X, special extended operations.
36L closed closed Arrivals Arrivals
18X 4,250 13,950 by pilot request only Runway 18X/36X is the callsign for the extended Runway 18R/36L, which is available in all patterns for extra-large and/or wide-body jets that cannot be otherwise accommodated by Runway 18L/36R. Used sparingly as operations require closing Runways 5L/23R and 5C/23C.
36R by pilot request only

Terminals

Currently LCX consists of four airside terminals (Terminals 1, 3, 4, and 5) with a Landside Terminal outside security. The Landside Terminal is open to the public and includes shopping, a food court, the LCTA Blue Line station, and The Wilberding at LCX hotel. There are long-term plans to add additional gates in the new International Concourse K, and to construct two new concourses in a future Terminal 6.

With the opening of Runways 05L/23R and 05R/23L, the West Terminal was opened in the northwest corner of the airport. The West Terminal hosts no gates, but does provide landside amenities (parking, ticketing, baggage check, security, etc.) for travelers. Once clearing security, passengers can take the Airside Transit System (ATS) underground tramway to the Terminal Core. The West Terminal is also served by the LCX Monorail outside of security. The West Terminal allows travelers from areas south and west of Lake City to drive directly to the airport and avoiding highway congestion in the Balmoral area of Montrose.

LCX Terminals
Terminal Concourse Gates (total) Airlines Destinations Notes
1 A A2-A32 (16) Southern Airlines International:
Bako-Huz, Kofuku
Ynn, Suya Ahn
No odd-numbered gates. Primarily used for shorter routes with smaller aircraft.
B B1-B9 (8)
C C1-C35 (31) Gates C1 and C2 are equipped with dual jetways. Gate C20 is a remote stand for oversized aircraft. All Southern Airlines international arrivals utilize Concourse C.
D D1-D3 (3)
3 E E1-E3 (3) All other domestic airlines including:
PenqAir
Warwick, PQ
Burton, PA
F F2-F12 (11)
G G1-G7 (7) Gates G1 and G7 are equipped for dual-jetway operations.
H H1-H38 (36) All other international airlines including:
Duncanheim Royal Airlines
FreedemiAir
Kattenden, Duncanheim
Quentinsburgh, Freedemia
Khaiwoon City, Khaiwoon
Bako-Huz, Kofuku
Gates H1, H21, and H22 are equipped with dual jetways.
K Under construction
4 L L1-L12 (12) TBD
M M1-M15 (15) Gate M1 is equipped with dual jetways.
5 N N1-N12 (12) Federal Airlines Domestic:
Jundah-Stuart, TA, FSA
Morsboro, NA, FSA
Stanton, NC, FSA
Ann'harbor, NC, FSA
International:
Malojdeh, Neo Delta
P P1-P17 (13)
Q Q2-Q18 (13) Gate Q4 has dual jetways; Gate Q18 is a remote stand for oversize aircraft.
R R1-R14 (14)
Note: Except for Federal Airlines and Southern Airlines, all international flights arrive in Concourses H and K.

Airlines and Destinations

With dedicated concourses of various sizes and extensive maintenance and cargo facilities, LCX is well-equipped to serve as a multi-airline hub in the region. Interested airlines should reach out to the Lake City Aviation Authority for availability options and gate assignments.

Loading map...


Ground Transportation

Car

The LCX Terminal Core is located immediately southwest of the West Side Interchange, where the Outer Beltway (FS-920) interchanges with the Southern Minnonigan Expressway (FS-20/24), the latter of which heads directly into central Lake City. The Airport Freeway (SR 900) connects the Outer Beltway with the Terminal Core; the freeway also serves the hotel and entertainment district of Balmoral in Montrose.

Short-term parking is available in Parking Deck A and surface lots B and C in the Terminal Core; the LCX Monorail links the Terminal Core to long-term parking lots D and F and Parking Deck E as well as Economy Lot G outside the Consolidated Rental Car Facility northeast of the airport on Balmoral Avenue.

To improve passenger flow to and from the southwest, the West Terminal was opened in November 2018 with direct connections to the Minnonigan Turnpike System.

Bus

Lake City Transit Authority and SMARTbus transit buses do not serve the Terminal Core directly; however, they do serve the LCX Monorail Long-Term Parking station for passenger connections. Intercity buses and hotel shuttles use the Intercity Bus Transfer Facility in the Consolidated Rental Car Facility (which is also on the LCX Monorail).

Rail

The LCTA Blue Line terminates in the Landside Terminal under Parking Deck A, providing direct access to all terminals. The LCX Monorail also connects to LCTA Orange Line and SMARTrail (2) trains at Dodge Transfer.

SMARTrail (1) riders can transfer to the LCTA Blue Line at Montrose, two stops away from the Terminal Core.